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Childhood constipation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302510/a-case-of-mesenteric-cyst-in-a-4-year-old-child-with-acute-abdominal-pain
#1
Jae Woong Yoon, Du Young Choi, Yeon Kyun Oh, Seung Hyun Lee, Dong Baek Gang, Seung Taek Yu
Mesenteric cysts are rare intra-abdominal lesions occurring during childhood, which were first described in 1507. Cases of mesenteric cysts have been continuously reported, but these cases were very small in number. They are often asymptomatic and incidentally found while patients are undergoing work-up or receiving treatment for other conditions such as appendicitis, small-bowel obstruction, or diverticulitis; however, patients may still have lower abdominal pain and symptoms that are frequently associated with other abdominal conditions...
December 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300049/hirschsprung-disease-integrating-basic-science-and-clinical-medicine-to-improve-outcomes
#2
REVIEW
Robert O Heuckeroth
Hirschsprung disease is defined by the absence of enteric neurons at the end of the bowel. The enteric nervous system (ENS) is the intrinsic nervous system of the bowel and regulates most aspects of bowel function. When the ENS is missing, there are no neurally mediated propulsive motility patterns, and the bowel remains contracted, causing functional obstruction. Symptoms of Hirschsprung disease include constipation, vomiting, abdominal distension and growth failure. Untreated disease usually causes death in childhood because bloodstream bacterial infections occur in the context of bowel inflammation (enterocolitis) or bowel perforation...
January 4, 2018: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262469/-association-between-behavioral-problems-and-gastrointestinal-disorders-among-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
J Zhu, M Guo, T Yang, X Lai, Y Y Lei, M L He, J Chen, T Y Li
Objective: To investigate the relationship between gastrointestinal disorders (GID) and core symptoms or behavioral problems among the children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) . Method: Totally 328 children with ASD and 202 normal controls were enrolled in this cross-sectional study from August 2013 to October 2016. The information about the gastrointestinal disorders, behavioral and emotional problems was collected by using questionnaires. Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC) were used to assess the core symptoms of the children with ASD...
December 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229066/management-of-childhood-functional-constipation
#4
Lisa Philichi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120894/advances-in-pharmacotherapies-for-movement-disorders-in-children-current-limitations-and-future-progress
#5
Jean-Pierre Lin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In childhood, movement disorders are generated by a very large number of disorders of the nervous system, and the very different developmental ages at which these occur make studies of pharmacotherapy efficacy extremely difficult. In most clinical practices, medication used in management is by trial and error, and limited by lack of efficacy and/or adverse drug reactions leading to drug intolerance. Nevertheless, symptom reduction using polypharmacy must be balanced against any accompanying comorbidities such as poor attention and concentration, constipation, ileus, urinary retention, blurred vision sedation and respiratory depression...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110829/hirschsprung-disease-bowel-function-beyond-childhood
#6
Tomas Wester, Anna Löf Granström
Hirschsprung disease is a developmental defect of the enteric nervous system characterized by lack of enteric neurons in the distal hindgut. There are numerous reports on short-term outcomes indicating that impaired bowel function is common. Recently, several controlled studies show that bowel function outcomes are affected beyond childhood, in adolescents and adults, compared with healthy control subjects. Constipation and fecal incontinence are common. The impaired bowel function appears to have a negative impact on quality of life, although, a majority of patients have adapted to their symptoms...
October 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094905/laxatives-for-the-management-of-childhood-constipation
#7
Rebecca Lauters, Aaron Saguil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079318/transitions-in-care-from-pediatric-to-adult-general-surgery-evaluating-an-unmet-need-for-patients-with-anorectal-malformation-and-hirschsprung-disease
#8
Sarah B Cairo, Priscilla P L Chiu, Roshni Dasgupta, Karen A Diefenbach, Allan M Goldstein, Nicholas A Hamilton, Andrea Lo, Michael D Rollins, David H Rothstein
BACKGROUND: The provision of timely and comprehensive transition of care from pediatric to adult surgical providers for patients who have undergone childhood operations remains a challenge. Understanding the barriers to transition from a patient and family perspective may improve this process. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted of patients with a history of anorectal malformation (ARM) or Hirschsprung Disease (HD) and their families. The web-based survey was administered through two support groups dedicated to the needs of individuals born with these congenital abnormalities...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078718/sources-symptoms-and-characteristics-of-childhood-lead-poisoning-experience-from-a-lead-specialty-clinic-in-china
#9
Xiao-Lan Ying, Zhen-Yan Gao, Jin Yan, Meng Zhang, Ju Wang, Jian Xu, Morri Markowitz, Chong-Huai Yan
OBJECTIVES: This study explored the sources of lead exposure, identified patients' geographic distribution and evaluated the symptoms of children with elevated blood lead levels (BLLs) referred to a pediatric lead specialty clinic in China. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected from 515 consecutive outpatients attending the Pediatric Lead Poisoning Clinic in Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai, China, between 2011 and 2016, referred for BLLs ≥5 μg/dL. Atomic absorption spectrometry was used to measure venous BLLs...
October 27, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045351/awareness-and-implementation-of-the-2014%C3%A2-espghan-naspghan-guideline-for-childhood-functional-constipation
#10
Ilan J N Koppen, M H Vriesman, M M Tabbers, C Di Lorenzo, M A Benninga
OBJECTIVE: To assess if physicians approach children with functional constipation according to the 2014 ESPGHAN/NASPGHAN guideline. METHODS: We invited pediatricians and pediatric gastroenterologists in the Netherlands and the U.S. to participate in this anonymous survey using a self-developed questionnaire containing 19 multiple-choice questions concerning evaluation and treatment of children with constipation. RESULTS: We included 328 physicians (67% from the U...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980378/development-and-validation-of-a-childhood-self-efficacy-for-functional-constipation-questionnaire
#11
N R Santucci, P E Hyman, A Karpinski, A Rosenberg, D Garguilo, L E Rein, A Amado-Feeley, E Stoops, R E Herdes, M A L van Tilburg
BACKGROUND: Children with functional constipation fear painful bowel movements leading to stool withholding behavior. Self-efficacy is the belief that an individual can accomplish a given goal. If children with constipation avoid defecation because they think that they are unable defecate comfortably, this low self-efficacy may prevent treatment success. The aim of the current study was to develop and validate a constipation specific self-efficacy scale. METHODS: The self-efficacy for functional constipation questionnaire (SEFCQ) was developed by the authors and evaluated by 10 children and seven experts...
October 4, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962960/lymphoblastic-lymphoma-involving-multiple-vertebrae
#12
Da Li, Yu-Lun Xu, Zhen Wu
Acute lymphoblastic lymphoma (ALL) was a malignant hematological disease in childhood but rarely, initially involved epidural compartment in adult. A 20-year-old male presented with progressive osphyalgia for 2 months and left lower motor weakness for 2 weeks with constipation. Physical examination revealed decreased muscle strength and numbness of left lower limb, and abnormal gait. Contrasted MRI showed multiple vertebrae of hypointense T1 signals (C2/C4/C7/T5/T8/T9/T12/L2/L4) and an intraspinal epidural lesion (L2-4)...
September 26, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923072/a-childhood-onset-intestinal-toxemia-botulism-during-chemotherapy-for-relapsed-acute-leukemia
#13
Noriko Ohyama, Michiko Torio, Kentaro Nakashima, Yuuki Koga, Shunsuke Kanno, Hisanori Nishio, Kei Nishiyama, Momoko Sasazuki, Haru Kato, Hiroshi Asakura, Satoshi Akamine, Masafumi Sanefuji, Yoshito Ishizaki, Yasunari Sakai, Shouichi Ohga
BACKGROUND: Botulism is a potentially fatal infection characterized by progressive muscle weakness, bulbar paralysis, constipation and other autonomic dysfunctions. A recent report suggested that cancer chemotherapy might increase the risk for the intestinal toxemia botulism in both adults and children. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 5-year-old boy, who developed general muscle weakness, constipation, ptosis and mydriasis during the third induction therapy for relapsed acute myeloid leukemia...
September 18, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898506/physical-activity-may-decrease-the-likelihood-of-children-developing-constipation
#14
Sandra Seidenfaden, Orri Thor Ormarsson, Sigrun H Lund, Einar S Bjornsson
AIM: Childhood constipation is common. We evaluated children diagnosed with constipation, who were referred to an Icelandic paediatric emergency department, and determined the effect of lifestyle factors on its aetiology. METHODS: The parents of children who were diagnosed with constipation and participated in a phase IIB clinical trial on laxative suppositories answered an online questionnaire about their children's lifestyle and constipation in March-April 2013...
January 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831934/-functional-abdominal-symptoms-in-children-the-role-of-the-abdominal-x-ray-and-measurement-of-colon-transit-time
#15
M V Verhagen, I J N Koppen, M M Tabbers, M A Benninga, R R van Rijn
Functional constipation and functional non-retentive faecal incontinence are common problems in childhood; these functional defaecation disorders are diagnosed according to the Rome IV criteria. Here we describe the role of an abdominal X-ray in diagnosing functional defaecation disorders, and address the limited additional value of a plain abdominal X-ray. In limited cases it may be helpful to determine colonic transit time using an abdominal X-ray to differentiate between functional constipation and functional non-retentive faecal incontinence...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770976/non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-nsaids-for-chronic-non-cancer-pain-in-children-and-adolescents
#16
REVIEW
Christopher Eccleston, Tess E Cooper, Emma Fisher, Brian Anderson, Nick Mr Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common feature of childhood and adolescence around the world, and for many young people, that pain is chronic. The World Health Organization guidelines for pharmacological treatments for children's persisting pain acknowledge that pain in children is a major public health concern of high significance in most parts of the world. While in the past pain was largely dismissed and was frequently left untreated, views on children's pain have changed over time, and relief of pain is now seen as important...
August 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737843/non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-nsaids-for-cancer-related-pain-in-children-and-adolescents
#17
REVIEW
Tess E Cooper, Lauren C Heathcote, Brian Anderson, Marie-Claude Grégoire, Gustaf Ljungman, Christopher Eccleston
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common feature of childhood and adolescence around the world, and for many young people, that pain is chronic. The World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for pharmacological treatments for persisting pain in children acknowledge that pain in children is a major public health concern of high significance in most parts of the world. Views on children's pain have changed over time and relief of pain is now seen as important. In the past, pain was largely dismissed and was frequently left untreated, and it was assumed that children quickly forgot about painful experiences...
July 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576131/analysis-of-31-year-old-patient-with-syngap1-gene-defect-points-to-importance-of-variants-in-broader-splice-regions-and-reveals-developmental-trajectory-of-syngap1-associated-phenotype-case-report
#18
Darina Prchalova, Marketa Havlovicova, Katalin Sterbova, Viktor Stranecky, Miroslava Hancarova, Zdenek Sedlacek
BACKGROUND: Whole exome sequencing is a powerful tool for the analysis of genetically heterogeneous conditions. The prioritization of variants identified often focuses on nonsense, frameshift and canonical splice site mutations, and highly deleterious missense variants, although other defects can also play a role. The definition of the phenotype range and course of rare genetic conditions requires long-term clinical follow-up of patients. CASE PRESENTATION: We report an adult female patient with severe intellectual disability, severe speech delay, epilepsy, autistic features, aggressiveness, sleep problems, broad-based clumsy gait and constipation...
June 2, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559702/tubercular-abdominal-cocoon-in-children-a-single-centre-study-in-remote-area-of-northern-india
#19
Rikki Singal, B Satyashree, Amit Mittal, Bhanu Pratap Sharma, Samita Singal, Muzzafarr Zaman, Parteek Shardha
BACKGROUND: Amongst the numerous causes of intestinal obstruction listed in the literature, sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis also called Abdominal Cocoon (AC) is one of the rarest entities. Its characteristic feature is a thick fibrotic membrane encasing varying lengths of the small and large gut in a cocoon. In India, there is an increasing incidence of tuberculosis, especially in the rural areas. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical presentation and evaluate the operative findings of tuberculous AC...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541259/functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children-a-survey-on-clinical-approach-in-the-mediterranean-area
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Elena Scarpato, Paolo Quitadamo, Enriqueta Roman, Danijela Jojkic-Pavkov, Sanja Kolacek, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Eleftheria Roma, Raanan Shamir, Michal R B Lev, Branko Lutovac, Veselinka Djurisic, Rok Orel, Aziz Koleilat, Sirin Mneimneh, Vincenzo Coppola, Enrico Corazziari, Annamaria Staiano
OBJECTIVES: Childhood functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are common conditions associated with significant morbidity and high healthcare costs. This multicenter study aimed at assessing the clinical approach to infants (0-6 months) and children/adolescents (4-18 years) with suspected FGIDs by pediatricians from the Mediterranean Area. METHODS: A survey evaluating the diagnostic approach, including the use of Rome II and III criteria, and the therapeutic management of some of the most prevalent FGIDs, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), functional constipation (FC), and functional regurgitation (FR), was distributed to a sample of pediatricians...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
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