keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Childhood constipation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779292/paediatric-constipation-an-approach-and-evidence-based-treatment-regimen
#1
Harveen Singh, Frances Connor
BACKGROUND: Constipation affects 5-30% of children and is responsible for 3% of primary care visits. General practitioners (GPs) are frequently the first medical encounter for concerned parents regarding their child's bowel habit. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to review the assessment and management of children with constipation to empower GPs to initiate treatment and know when to refer to a paediatrician. DISCUSSION: In the absence of organic aetiology, childhood constipation is almost always functional and often due to painful bowel movements that prompt the child to withhold stool...
May 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755106/a-rare-case-of-adult-onset-rectosigmoid-hypoganglionosis
#2
Mohammed Yousef Aldossary, Antonio Privitera, Obai Elzamzami, Nemat Alturki, Khalid Sabr
BACKGROUND Intestinal hypoganglionosis is very rare and accounts for 3% to 5% of all classified congenital intestinal innervation disorders. Isolated hypoganglionosis of the colon is a particularly rare form of the disease, and differential diagnosis includes association with Hirschsprung's disease and chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) related to visceral myopathies. Most cases are diagnosed at an early age or in childhood with only a few cases reported in adults. CASE REPORT We report a case of isolated hypoganglionosis of the rectum and sigmoid presenting as an emergency with acute intestinal obstruction in a 20-year-old male patient...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749331/colonoscopic-decompression-of-childhood-sigmoid-and-cecal-volvulus
#3
Iraj Shahramian, Ali Bazil, Danial Ebadati, Karim Rostami, Mojtaba Delaramnasab
Cases of colonic volvulus in children are infrequently described in the literature. Here we describe the case of three patients with colonic volvulus. The first patient was a 10-year-old girl with abdominal dilation and pain and no bowel movement for 48 h. Her abdominal X-ray showed the coffee bean sign adjacent to the diaphragm, which was compatible with a diagnosis of cecal volvulus. The second patient was a 4-year-old boy with a history of chronic constipation during the past year and with no bowel movement for 24 h...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749329/is-celiac-disease-misdiagnosed-in-children-with-functional-constipation
#4
Sezin Akman, Özlem Şahaloğlu, Ceyhun Dalkan, Nerin Nadir Bahçeciler, Çiğdem Arıkan
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Functional constipation is one of the common problems in childhood, and it comprises approximately 5% of the pediatric outpatient clinical applications. On the other hand, celiac disease (CD) is an immune enteropathy with the prevalence between 1/150 and 1/200. In addition to the classical symptoms of the disease such as diarrhea and weight loss, the incidence of atypical symptoms is increasing. This study aims to determine the prevalence of CD in patients with chronic constipation...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748737/psychosocial-risks-for-constipation-and-soiling-in-primary-school-children
#5
Carol Joinson, Mariusz T Grzeda, Alexander von Gontard, Jon Heron
To examine prospective associations between psychosocial problems and childhood constipation and soiling. We used latent classes of constipation and soiling ('constipation alone', 'soiling alone', 'constipation with soiling') extracted from longitudinal maternally reported data on constipation (4-10 years) and soiling (4-9 years) from 8435 children (4353 males, 4082 females) from the ALSPAC cohort. We examined the association between maternally reported psychosocial problems at 2-3 years (difficult temperament, behaviour/emotional problems, temper tantrums, behavioural sleep problems and stressful events) and the latent classes using multinomial logistic regression adjusted for a range of confounders relating to the child and family (reference category = normative latent class with very low probability of constipation/soiling)...
May 10, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729176/-comparative-characteristic-of-functional-gastrocerebral-disorders-in-donors-and-premature-infants
#6
Luydmila V Ignatko, Andriiana O Yankovska, Gabriela G Kavulya, Olena V Debretseni, Kristian O Debretseni, Nataliia M Hema-Bahyna, Agneta V Lenchenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Functional gastrocerebral disorders (FGCD) occupy one of the leading places in the structure of diseases of digestive organs in young children. Functional gastrointestinal disorders are accompanied by various combinations of persistent or recurrent gastrointestinal symptoms without structural or biochemical disorders. They can accompany the normal development of the child and depend on organ's disorders on the background of autonomic dysfunction, psycho-emotional and humoral factors...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713607/laxative-choice-and-treatment-outcomes-in-childhood-constipation-clinical-data-in-a-longitudinal-retrospective-study
#7
Atchariya Chanpong, Seksit Osatakul
Purpose: Functional constipation (FC) is a common gastrointestinal (GI) problem affecting children's well-being and quality of life. Although polyethylene glycol (PEG) is recommended as the first line therapy, it is not always applicable in lower socioeconomic populations. Hence, this study aimed to compare clinical courses of FC in children treated with different medications in order to identify prognostic factors related to treatment outcomes. Methods: We reviewed the medical records of patients aged ≤15 years diagnosed with FC according to the Rome IV criteria from 2007 to 2015 at the GI clinic, Songklanagarind Hospital...
April 2018: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703095/reproducibility-feasibility-and-validity-of-the-groningen-defecation-and-fecal-continence-questionnaires
#8
Rob J Meinds, Marjolijn E W Timmerman, Maxime M van Meegdenburg, Monika Trzpis, Paul M A Broens
OBJECTIVES: Current questionnaires on defecation disorders are often brief and fail to include questions considering causative factors. Furthermore, adult and pediatric questionnaires differ, which makes it impossible to monitor defecation disorders during the transition from childhood to adulthood. With these points in mind, we developed the Groningen Defecation and Fecal Continence (DeFeC) questionnaire and its pediatric equivalent, the P-DeFeC. The aim of this paper is to introduce the questionnaires and to assess their feasibility, reproducibility and validity...
April 27, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696750/angelman-syndrome-in-adolescence-and-adulthood-a-retrospective-chart-review-of-53-cases
#9
Ankita Prasad, Olivia Grocott, Kimberly Parkin, Anna Larson, Ronald L Thibert
Angelman syndrome is a neurogenetic disorder with varying clinical presentations and symptoms as the individual ages. The goal of this study was to characterize changes over time in the natural history of this syndrome in a large population. We reviewed the medical records of the 53 patients who were born prior to 2000 and seen at the Angelman Syndrome Clinic at Massachusetts General Hospital to assess neurological, sleep, behavioral, gastrointestinal, orthopedic, and ophthalmologic functioning. The average age of this cohort was 24 years...
April 25, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656863/prevalence-of-functional-defecation-disorders-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Ilan J N Koppen, Mana H Vriesman, Miguel Saps, Shaman Rajindrajith, Xiaoxia Shi, Faridi S van Etten-Jamaludin, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Marc A Benninga, Merit M Tabbers
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature regarding the epidemiology of functional constipation and functional nonretentive fecal incontinence (FNRFI) in children. Secondary objectives were to assess the geographical, age, and sex distribution of functional constipation and FNRFI and to evaluate associated factors. STUDY DESIGN: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Embase databases were searched from 2006 until September 2017. The following inclusion criteria were applied: (1) prospective studies of population-based samples; (2) reporting on the prevalence of functional constipation or FNRFI according to the Rome III/IV criteria; (3) in children aged 0-18 years; and (4) published in full manuscript form...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589457/-hirschsprungs-disease-in-adults-two-case-reports-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
R Škába, J Hoch, Z Jech, M Kynčl, V Campr
Hirschsprungs disease (HD) in adults is extremely rare, only three publications in Czech and Czechoslovak journals making reference to the condition after childhood. We present two cases of adult patients with HD. The first case is a 46-year-old male patient suffering from chronic constipation since childhood and diagnosed with megacolon at the age of 16; however, no further detailed diagnosis was done. At the age of 41, he developed a sigmoid perforation due to fecaloma and underwent urgent rectosigmoid resection and colostomy...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528207/functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children
#12
Abdul Waheed, Michael Malone, Samiullah Samiullah
Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are common among children and cause tremendous distress for patients and families. Family physicians should know how to diagnose and manage some of the more common childhood FGIDs. These include infant regurgitation, infant colic, infant dyschezia, cyclic vomiting syndrome, functional nausea and vomiting, functional diarrhea and constipation, abdominal migraine, and nonspecific functional abdominal pain. Diagnosis requires a thorough history and physical examination to rule out red flag signs and symptoms for structural or organic etiologies...
March 2018: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487491/surgical-management-of-idiopathic-constipation-in-pediatric-patients
#13
REVIEW
Lily S Cheng, Allan M Goldstein
Constipation is a common childhood problem, but an anatomic or physiologic cause is identified in fewer than 5% of children. By definition, idiopathic constipation is a diagnosis of exclusion. Careful clinical evaluation and thoughtful use of imaging and other testing can help exclude specific causes of constipation and guide therapy. Medical management with laxatives is effective for the majority of constipated children. For those patients unresponsive to medications, however, several surgical options can be employed, including anal procedures, antegrade colonic enemas, colorectal resection, and intestinal diversion...
March 2018: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474804/use-of-fibers-in-childhood-constipation-treatment-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Patricia Piccoli de Mello, Diego Andre Eifer, Elza Daniel de Mello
OBJECTIVE: To gather current evidence on the use of fiber for constipation treatment in pediatric patients. SOURCE OF DATA: Systematic review with meta-analysis of studies identified through Pubmed, Embase, LILACS and Cochrane databases published up to 2016. INCLUSION CRITERIA: Randomized controlled trials; patients aged between 1 and 18 years and diagnosed with functional constipation receiving or not drug treatment for constipation; articles published in Portuguese, English, Spanish, French, and German in journals accessible to the researchers...
February 21, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464227/childhood-constipation
#15
Michelle Waterham, Jonathan Kaufman, Susan Gibb
BACKGROUND: Constipation is best defined as difficulty passing stools that may be infrequent (≤2 per week), painful and associated with stool retention. Childhood constipation is common, with a prevalence of 3-30% worldwide. Most constipation in children is functional and related to behavioural withholding after an unpleasant stool event. Successful diagnosis and management can occur in primary care, and specialist referral is only needed for refractory cases or concerns regarding organic pathology...
December 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456933/pediatricians-lack-knowledge-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-functional-constipation-in-children-over-6-mo-of-age
#16
Ariani Widodo, Badriul Hegar, Yvan Vandenplas
AIM: To assess the knowledge of general pediatricians througout Indonesia about the diagnosis and treatment of childhood constipation. METHODS: A comprehensive questionnaire was distributed to general pediatricians from several teaching hospitals and government hospitals all over Indonesia. RESULTS: Data were obtained from 100 pediatricians, with a mean of 78.34 ± 18.00 mo clinical practice, from 20 cities throughout Indonesia. Suspicion of constipation in a child over 6 mo of age arises when the child presents with a decreased frequency of bowel movements (according to 87% of participants) with a mean of one bowel movement per 3...
February 8, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453208/parent-reported-prevalence-and-persistence-of-19-common-child-health-conditions
#17
Tracy Liu, Raghu Lingam, Kate Lycett, Fiona K Mensah, Joshua Muller, Harriet Hiscock, Md Hamidul Huque, Melissa Wake
OBJECTIVE: To estimate prevalence and persistence of 19 common paediatric conditions from infancy to 14-15 years. DESIGN: Population-based prospective cohort study. SETTING: Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Parallel cohorts assessed biennially from 2004 to 2014 from ages 0-1 and 4-5 years to 10-11 and 14-15 years, respectively, in the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: 19 health conditions: 17 parent-reported, 2 (overweight/obesity, obesity) directly assessed...
February 16, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395154/botulinum-toxin-injection-for-childhood-constipation-is-safe-and-can-be-effective-regardless-of-anal-sphincter-dynamics
#18
Claire Zar-Kessler, Braden Kuo, Jaime Belkind-Gerson
BACKGROUND: Childhood constipation is common. Previously, internal anal sphincterotomy has been used for hypertensive/non-relaxing sphincters; however, recent benefit has been shown with Botulinum Toxin (BT) injections. The aim is to investigate BT, including response duration, symptom association and effectiveness in relation to sphincter dynamics. METHODS: Retrospective study of 164 children receiving sphincter BT for severe constipation unresponsive to medication management...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380480/recommendations-for-pharmacological-clinical-trials-in-children-with-functional-constipation-the-rome-foundation-pediatric-subcommittee-on-clinical-trials
#19
REVIEW
I J N Koppen, M Saps, J V Lavigne, S Nurko, J A J M Taminiau, C Di Lorenzo, M A Benninga
BACKGROUND: Evidence for the efficacy of commonly used drugs in the treatment of childhood functional constipation (FC) is scarce, studies are often of low quality and study designs are heterogeneous. Thus, recommendations for the design of clinical trials in childhood FC are needed. PURPOSE: Members of the Rome Foundation and a member of the Pediatric Committee of the European Medicines Agency formed a committee to create recommendations for the design of clinical trials in children with FC...
April 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344986/evaluation-of-bowel-function-in-healthy-children-untreated-constipation-is-common
#20
Helena Lindgren, Malin Carvalho Nejstgaard, Martin Salö, Pernilla Stenström
AIM: We evaluated bowel function in healthy children with regard to gender and age. METHODS: The study was carried out in 2016 at a tertiary children's hospital. Healthy children aged 3.5 years to 15 years who were admitted to the hospital, siblings to patients or offspring of staff members were included. Validated self-report questionnaires and internally developed questions regarding obstructive outlet- and gas-related symptoms were used. RESULTS: A total of 310 participants (50% girls) were included, which corresponded to a 94% answer frequency...
January 18, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
keyword
keyword
85869
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"