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"body image" and exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430009/evaluating-questionnaires-used-to-assess-self-reported-physical-activity-and-psychosocial-outcomes-among-survivors-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-a-cognitive-interview-study
#1
Amanda Wurz, Jennifer Brunet
Physical activity is increasingly being studied as a way to improve psychosocial outcomes (e.g., quality of life, self-efficacy, physical self-perceptions, self-esteem, body image, posttraumatic growth) among survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer. Assessing levels of and associations between self-reported physical activity and psychosocial outcomes requires clear, appropriate, and relevant questionnaires. To explore how survivors of AYA cancer interpreted and responded to the following eight published questionnaires: Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire, Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale, Physical Self-Description Questionnaire, Rosenberg Global Self-Esteem Scale, Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire, Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General (FACT-G), RAND 36-Item Health Survey 1...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392918/body-dissatisfaction-excessive-exercise-and-weight-change-strategies-used-by-first-year-undergraduate-students-comparing-health-and-physical-education-and-other-education-students
#2
Zali Yager, Tonia Gray, Christina Curry, Siân A McLean
BACKGROUND: Health and Physical Education (HPE) teachers are known to be under social-, personal-, and employment-related pressure to be and appear physically fit, and to use dangerous dieting and weight control practices. This is problematic due to the influence this may have on their own health and the potential to model these attitudes and behaviours to their future students. METHODS: In this paper, we compare the body image, dieting, disordered eating, and exercise behaviours of first year, HPE, and non-HPE, teacher education students...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356239/-fitspiration-on-social-media-a-content-analysis-of-gendered-images
#3
Elise Rose Carrotte, Ivanka Prichard, Megan Su Cheng Lim
BACKGROUND: "Fitspiration" (also known as "fitspo") aims to inspire individuals to exercise and be healthy, but emerging research indicates exposure can negatively impact female body image. Fitspiration is frequently accessed on social media; however, it is currently unclear the degree to which messages about body image and exercise differ by gender of the subject. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to conduct a content analysis to identify the characteristics of fitspiration content posted across social media and whether this differs according to subject gender...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331763/effects-of-clinical-pilates-exercises-on-patients-developing-lymphedema-after-breast-cancer-treatment-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Hülya Özlem Şener, Mehtap Malkoç, Gülbin Ergin, Didem Karadibak, Tuğba Yavuzşen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of clinical Pilates exercises with those of the standard lymphedema exercises on lymphedema developing after breast cancer treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised 60 female patients with a mean age of 53.2±7.7 years who developed lymphedema after having breast cancer treatment. The patients were randomized into two groups: the clinical Pilates exercise group (n=30), and the control group (n=30)...
January 2017: Journal of Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296533/polypharmacy-infectious-diseases-sexual-behavior-and-psychophysical-health-among-anabolic-steroid-using-homosexual-and-heterosexual-gym-patrons-in-san-francisco-s-castro-district
#5
Eric J Ip, Michael A Yadao, Bijal M Shah, Shadi Doroudgar, Paul J Perry, Michael J Tenerowicz, Lindsay Newsom, Amber A Mann, Hermine Mkrtchyan, Harrison G Pope
BACKGROUND: Limited studies based in England and Australia reported misuse of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) among homosexual men to enhance body image. Anecdotally, AAS are also being misused by homosexual men in the United States. Since many AAS and certain performance enhancing drugs (PEDs) are administered via injection, this poses a potential vector for the spread of infectious disease in an already at-risk population. OBJECTIVES: This study compared and contrasted homosexual and heterosexual male gym clients regarding use of AAS and PEDs, use of alcohol and illicit drugs, seroprevalence of infectious disease, engagement in risky injection practices and sexual behaviors, and presence of psychiatric conditions...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220660/sarcoma-survivors-perspectives-on-their-body-image-and-functional-quality-of-life-post-resection-limb-salvage-surgery
#6
Myra F Taylor, Julie A Pooley
Sarcomas often occur in patients' extremities and treatment typically involves bone resection/limb salvage surgery. Such treatments leave survivors with physical disfigurements, functional disabilities, and/or emotional traumas. Our post-surgery psychological intervention investigated how these experiences impinge on sarcoma survivors' lives. Twenty-three survivors aged 19-60 years (M = 36 years) participated in a tri-disciplinary (rehabilitative exercise, plastic surgery and psychological) intervention...
February 21, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193554/-i-just-feel-so-guilty-the-role-of-introjected-regulation-in-linking-appearance-goals-for-exercise-with-women-s-body-image
#7
Megan Hurst, Helga Dittmar, Robin Banerjee, Rod Bond
Appearance goals for exercise are consistently associated with negative body image, but research has yet to consider the processes that link these two variables. Self-determination theory offers one such process: introjected (guilt-based) regulation of exercise behavior. Study 1 investigated these relationships within a cross-sectional sample of female UK students (n=215, 17-30 years). Appearance goals were indirectly, negatively associated with body image due to links with introjected regulation. Study 2 experimentally tested this pathway, manipulating guilt relating to exercise and appearance goals independently and assessing post-test guilt and body anxiety (n=165, 18-27 years)...
March 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155790/-physical-education-health-and-physical-activities-difficult-relationships
#8
Geneviève Cogérino
<ce:para>Physical education (PE) is an appropriate subject to investigate the links between physical activity (PA) and health. The current training of PE teachers tends to emphasize the link between PA and physical fitness, to the detriment of other health components. The occupational, environmental, cultural dimensions of PA are frequently overlooked. This article lists four topics related to PA-health links, which could be more extensively included in initial PE teacher training, on the basis of abundant scientific literature: 1...
June 8, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155781/-body-image-and-participation-in-physical-activities-by-obese-subjects
#9
Anne Marcellini, Éric Perera, Angélique Rodhain, Sylvain Férez
<ce:para>From a sociological perspective, physical activity and diet are perceived as social and cultural practices, constructed and transmitted within human societies. The body is then thought of as a social construct, a sign and foundation of individual and collective identities. In this context, this article was designed to highlight some social processes underlying the obesity epidemic. Clarifying issues about a medical definition of obesity in an obesogenic society, and theoretical approaches to the meanings of the obesity epidemic are proposed...
June 8, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131005/rigid-dietary-control-flexible-dietary-control-and-intuitive-eating-evidence-for-their-differential-relationship-to-disordered-eating-and-body-image-concerns
#10
Jake Linardon, Sarah Mitchell
This study aimed to replicate and extend from Tylka, Calogero, and Daníelsdóttir (2015) findings by examining the relationship between rigid control, flexible control, and intuitive eating on various indices of disordered eating (i.e., binge eating, disinhibition) and body image concerns (i.e., shape and weight over-evaluation, body checking, and weight-related exercise motivations). This study also examined whether the relationship between intuitive eating and outcomes was mediated by dichotomous thinking and body appreciation...
January 23, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106914/classification-of-childhood-onset-eating-disorders-a-latent-class-analysis
#11
Leora Pinhas, Dasha Nicholls, Ross D Crosby, Anne Morris, Richard M Lynn, Sloane Madden
This study tested the hypothesis that latent class analysis (LCA) would successfully classify eating disorder (ED) symptoms in children into categories that mapped onto DSM-5 diagnoses and that these categories would be consistent across countries. Childhood onset ED cases were ascertained through prospective active surveillance by the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit, the Canadian Paediatric Surveillance Program, and the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit for 36, 24, and 14 months, respectively. Pediatricians and child psychiatrists reported symptoms of any child aged ≤ 12 years with a newly diagnosed restrictive ED...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987454/patient-reported-outcomes-in-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Madeleine T King, Zoë E Winters, Ivo A Olivotto, Andrew J Spillane, Boon H Chua, Christobel Saunders, A Helen Westenberg, G Bruce Mann, Petrina Burnett, Phyllis Butow, Claudia Rutherford
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a pre-invasive breast cancer with excellent prognosis but with potential adverse impacts of diagnosis and treatment on quality of life and other patient-reported outcomes (PROs). We undertook a systematic review to synthesise current evidence about PROs following diagnosis and treatment for DCIS. We searched five electronic databases (from database inception to November 2015), cross-referenced and contacted experts to identify studies that reported PROs after DCIS treatment...
January 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907812/the-impact-of-appearance-comparisons-made-through-social-media-traditional-media-and-in-person-in-women-s-everyday-lives
#13
Jasmine Fardouly, Rebecca T Pinkus, Lenny R Vartanian
Appearance comparisons are an important sociocultural factor influencing women's body image. These comparisons can occur in different contexts (e.g., through magazines, social media, in person). However, little is known about the frequency and outcome of appearance comparisons made in different contexts in women's everyday lives. Using Ecological Momentary Assessment methods, female undergraduate students (n=146) completed a brief online survey at random times every day for 5 days. They reported the frequency, direction (upward, lateral, downward), and context of appearance comparisons, and also reported their appearance satisfaction, mood, and diet and exercise thoughts and behaviors...
March 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882012/individualized-supervised-resistance-training-during-nebulization-in-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis
#14
Ina Shaw, Janine E Kinsey, Roxanne Richards, Brandon S Shaw
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Since dyspnea limits exercise adherence and intensity in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, engaging in resistance training (RT), which causes less dyspnea than other exercise modalities, while using nebulizers could not only overcome this barrier, but also enhance long-term adaptations to treatment. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of RT during nebulization on spirometry, anthropometry, chest wall excursion, respiratory muscle strength and health-related quality of life (HRQOL)...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863371/healthy-me-a-gender-specific-program-to-address-body-image-concerns-and-risk-factors-among-preadolescents
#15
Marita P McCabe, Catherine Connaughton, Gemma Tatangelo, David Mellor, Lucy Busija
This study evaluated a gender-specific, school-based program to promote positive body image and address risk factors for body dissatisfaction. In total, 652 children aged 8-10 years participated (335 intervention, 317 wait-list control). Children participated in four 60min sessions and a recap session at three months post-intervention. The broad content areas were body image, peer relationships, media awareness, healthy diet, and exercise. The activities and examples for each session were gender specific. The recap session was an overview of the four sessions...
March 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858198/three-year-prospective-cohort-study-of-factors-associated-with-return-to-work-after-breast-cancer-diagnosis
#16
Myung Kyung Lee, Han Sung Kang, Keun Seok Lee, Eun Sook Lee
Purpose The purpose of this prospective cohort study of breast cancer survivors was to identify factors before diagnosis, during treatment, and after treatment that are associated with return to work (RTW). Methods A total of 288 women with breast cancer (stage I-III) and whose age were 18-65 years-old answered questionnaires at 4-6, 12, 24, and 36 months after diagnosis. The surveys asked about performance of regular exercise and health-related quality of life issues. "RTW at 36 months" was assigned to patients who reported any of the following: working at least twice; no job at baseline but working more than once; job at baseline, stopped working, and then started working again; and working during all 3 years...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785479/severe-progressive-scoliosis-in-an-adult-female-possibly-secondary-thoracic-surgery-in-childhood-treated-with-scoliosis-specific-schroth-physiotherapy-case-presentation
#17
Andrea Lebel, Victoria Ashley Lebel
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis is a complex three-dimensional (3D) spinal deformity. Acquired scoliosis in early childhood may progress into adulthood and pose an increased risk of health problems and reduction in quality of life. In Canada, patients with scoliosis are not referred for physiotherapeutic scoliosis-specific exercises (PSSE) despite the fact that Schroth physiotherapy, a scoliosis-specific 3D posture training and exercise program, can be effective in reducing pain and improving scoliosis curves, vital capacity, and overall quality of life in scoliosis patients...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780888/psychological-factors-associated-with-the-use-of-weight-management-behaviours-in-young-adults
#18
Kate E Mulgrew, Lee Kannis-Dymand, Emily Hughes, Janet D Carter, Sherrie Kaye
We modified the Weight Control Behaviours scale to explore unhealthy/healthy behaviours to increase, decrease or maintain weight in young adults (N = 1082) and associations with body mass index, depression and body image. Females reported more use of all strategies except those which increase body size or exercising to exhaustion. Although the sample reported more use of healthy weight management strategies, the use of dangerous ones warrants attention by healthcare professionals. Feelings of fatness was an important predictor of weight management behaviours...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649389/does-body-image-affect-quality-of-life-a-population-based-study
#19
Tufan Nayir, Ersin Uskun, Mustafa Volkan Yürekli, Hacer Devran, Ayşe Çelik, Ramazan Azim Okyay
Body image (BI) can be described as the assessment of both positive and negative emotion for one's own body parts and their characteristics by himself or herself. Current research has concentrated mostly on the status of negative BI as a risk factor for mental health problems rather than as a public health problem, thereby little is known about the effects of BI on quality of life. Thus, the purpose of this study was to assess the BI and Quality of Life (QoL) of individuals and to investigate the relationship between the two...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644312/the-relationship-of-anthropometric-measurements-with-psychological-criteria-in-female-athletes
#20
Sengul Cangur, Cetin Yaman, Ilker Ercan, Metin Yaman, Serdar Tok
Sports and exercise settings as well as other socio-cultural environments emphasize a thin and physically fit female body. However, there is a clear need for a better understanding of the physical and psychological correlates of social physique anxiety and body image dissatisfaction in female athletes. This study aimed to examine the association of the social physique anxiety, body image satisfaction, and personality with the anthropometric measurements in female college athletes according to their sport type using the Co-Plot technique...
September 20, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
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