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"body image" and exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907812/the-impact-of-appearance-comparisons-made-through-social-media-traditional-media-and-in-person-in-women-s-everyday-lives
#1
Jasmine Fardouly, Rebecca T Pinkus, Lenny R Vartanian
Appearance comparisons are an important sociocultural factor influencing women's body image. These comparisons can occur in different contexts (e.g., through magazines, social media, in person). However, little is known about the frequency and outcome of appearance comparisons made in different contexts in women's everyday lives. Using Ecological Momentary Assessment methods, female undergraduate students (n=146) completed a brief online survey at random times every day for 5 days. They reported the frequency, direction (upward, lateral, downward), and context of appearance comparisons, and also reported their appearance satisfaction, mood, and diet and exercise thoughts and behaviors...
November 28, 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882012/individualized-supervised-resistance-training-during-nebulization-in-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis
#2
Ina Shaw, Janine E Kinsey, Roxanne Richards, Brandon S Shaw
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Since dyspnea limits exercise adherence and intensity in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, engaging in resistance training (RT), which causes less dyspnea than other exercise modalities, while using nebulizers could not only overcome this barrier, but also enhance long-term adaptations to treatment. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of RT during nebulization on spirometry, anthropometry, chest wall excursion, respiratory muscle strength and health-related quality of life (HRQOL)...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863371/healthy-me-a-gender-specific-program-to-address-body-image-concerns-and-risk-factors-among-preadolescents
#3
Marita P McCabe, Catherine Connaughton, Gemma Tatangelo, David Mellor
This study evaluated a gender-specific, school-based program to promote positive body image and address risk factors for body dissatisfaction. In total, 652 children aged 8-10 years participated (335 intervention, 317 wait-list control). Children participated in four 60min sessions and a recap session at three months post-intervention. The broad content areas were body image, peer relationships, media awareness, healthy diet, and exercise. The activities and examples for each session were gender specific. The recap session was an overview of the four sessions...
November 15, 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858198/three-year-prospective-cohort-study-of-factors-associated-with-return-to-work-after-breast-cancer-diagnosis
#4
Myung Kyung Lee, Han Sung Kang, Keun Seok Lee, Eun Sook Lee
Purpose The purpose of this prospective cohort study of breast cancer survivors was to identify factors before diagnosis, during treatment, and after treatment that are associated with return to work (RTW). Methods A total of 288 women with breast cancer (stage I-III) and whose age were 18-65 years-old answered questionnaires at 4-6, 12, 24, and 36 months after diagnosis. The surveys asked about performance of regular exercise and health-related quality of life issues. "RTW at 36 months" was assigned to patients who reported any of the following: working at least twice; no job at baseline but working more than once; job at baseline, stopped working, and then started working again; and working during all 3 years...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785479/severe-progressive-scoliosis-in-an-adult-female-possibly-secondary-thoracic-surgery-in-childhood-treated-with-scoliosis-specific-schroth-physiotherapy-case-presentation
#5
Andrea Lebel, Victoria Ashley Lebel
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis is a complex three-dimensional (3D) spinal deformity. Acquired scoliosis in early childhood may progress into adulthood and pose an increased risk of health problems and reduction in quality of life. In Canada, patients with scoliosis are not referred for physiotherapeutic scoliosis-specific exercises (PSSE) despite the fact that Schroth physiotherapy, a scoliosis-specific 3D posture training and exercise program, can be effective in reducing pain and improving scoliosis curves, vital capacity, and overall quality of life in scoliosis patients...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780888/psychological-factors-associated-with-the-use-of-weight-management-behaviours-in-young-adults
#6
Kate E Mulgrew, Lee Kannis-Dymand, Emily Hughes, Janet D Carter, Sherrie Kaye
We modified the Weight Control Behaviours scale to explore unhealthy/healthy behaviours to increase, decrease or maintain weight in young adults (N = 1082) and associations with body mass index, depression and body image. Females reported more use of all strategies except those which increase body size or exercising to exhaustion. Although the sample reported more use of healthy weight management strategies, the use of dangerous ones warrants attention by healthcare professionals. Feelings of fatness was an important predictor of weight management behaviours...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649389/does-body-image-affect-quality-of-life-a-population-based-study
#7
Tufan Nayir, Ersin Uskun, Mustafa Volkan Yürekli, Hacer Devran, Ayşe Çelik, Ramazan Azim Okyay
Body image (BI) can be described as the assessment of both positive and negative emotion for one's own body parts and their characteristics by himself or herself. Current research has concentrated mostly on the status of negative BI as a risk factor for mental health problems rather than as a public health problem, thereby little is known about the effects of BI on quality of life. Thus, the purpose of this study was to assess the BI and Quality of Life (QoL) of individuals and to investigate the relationship between the two...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644312/the-relationship-of-anthropometric-measurements-with-psychological-criteria-in-female-athletes
#8
Sengul Cangur, Cetin Yaman, Ilker Ercan, Metin Yaman, Serdar Tok
Sports and exercise settings as well as other socio-cultural environments emphasize a thin and physically fit female body. However, there is a clear need for a better understanding of the physical and psychological correlates of social physique anxiety and body image dissatisfaction in female athletes. This study aimed to examine the association of the social physique anxiety, body image satisfaction, and personality with the anthropometric measurements in female college athletes according to their sport type using the Co-Plot technique...
September 20, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611689/physical-activity-and-health-perception-in-aging-do-body-mass-and-satisfaction-matter-a-three-path-mediated-link
#9
Giancarlo Condello, Laura Capranica, Joel Stager, Roberta Forte, Simone Falbo, Angela Di Baldassarre, Cristina Segura-Garcia, Caterina Pesce
Although ageing people could benefit from healthy diet and physical activity to maintain health and quality of life, further understandings of the diet- and physical activity-related mechanisms that may cause changes in health and quality of life perception are necessary. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of eating attitudes, body mass and image satisfaction, and exercise dependence in the relationship between physical activity and health and quality of life perception in older individuals...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611630/-strong-is-the-new-skinny-a-content-analysis-of-fitspiration-images-on-instagram
#10
Marika Tiggemann, Mia Zaccardo
'Fitspiration' is an online trend designed to inspire viewers towards a healthier lifestyle by promoting exercise and healthy food. This study provides a content analysis of fitspiration imagery on the social networking site Instagram. A set of 600 images were coded for body type, activity, objectification and textual elements. Results showed that the majority of images of women contained only one body type: thin and toned. In addition, most images contained objectifying elements. Accordingly, while fitspiration images may be inspirational for viewers, they also contain a number of elements likely to have negative effects on the viewer's body image...
March 31, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586376/weight-loss-strategies-of-south-african-female-university-students-and-comparison-of-weight-management-related-characteristics-between-dieters-and-non-dieters
#11
Marjanne Senekal, Gabrielle L Lasker, Lindsay van Velden, Ria Laubscher, Norman J Temple
BACKGROUND: Female university students are at risk for weight gain and use of inappropriate weight-loss strategies. By gaining a greater understanding of the weight-loss strategies used by and weight management related characteristics of these students, effective weight management interventions for this vulnerable group can be developed. METHODS: Two hundred and fifty female students from South Africa universities, aged 18-25 years, participated in this cross-sectional study; 162 attempted weight loss during the year preceding the study (dieters) and 88 were non-dieters...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548736/moving-beyond-univariate-post-hoc-testing-in-exercise-science-a-primer-on-descriptive-discriminate-analysis
#12
Mitch Barton, Paul E Yeatts, Robin K Henson, Scott B Martin
: There has been a recent call to improve data reporting in kinesiology journals, including the appropriate use of univariate and multivariate analysis techniques. For example, a multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) with univariate post hocs and a Bonferroni correction is frequently used to investigate group differences on multiple dependent variables. However, this univariate approach decreases power, increases the risk for Type 1 error, and contradicts the rationale for conducting multivariate tests in the first place...
August 22, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506678/perceptions-of-diet-physical-activity-and-obesity-related-health-among-black-daughter-mother-pairs-in-soweto-south-africa-a-qualitative-study
#13
Emily A Phillips, Dawn L Comeau, Pedro T Pisa, Aryeh D Stein, Shane A Norris
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of overweight and obesity is on the rise in South Africa, particularly among females living in urban environments. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the emic perspectives of black young adult daughter and mother pairs living in Soweto, South Africa on diet, physical activity, and obesity-related health within their social and cultural context. METHODS: Purposeful sampling was used to recruit daughters with a normal body mass index (BMI) who have obese mothers...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27334125/comparing-the-effects-of-a-yoga-class-to-a-resistance-exercise-class-on-body-satisfaction-and-social-physique-anxiety-in-university-women
#14
Kimberley L Gammage, Breanne Drouin, Larkin Lamarche
PURPOSE: The present study compared the effects of a single yoga group exercise class to a resistance group exercise class on state body satisfaction and social physique anxiety in women. METHODS: A pre-test post-test design was used. Participants (N = 46) completed both a resistance and yoga group exercise class, in a counter-balanced order. Measures of body satisfaction and social physique anxiety were completed immediately before and after each class. RESULTS: A 2 (time) x 2 (class type) repeated-measures multiple analysis of variance showed a significant overall time x class type interaction, F(2, 44) = 5...
June 22, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27326747/skinny-is-not-enough-a-content-analysis-of-fitspiration-on-pinterest
#15
Courtney C Simpson, Suzanne E Mazzeo
Fitspiration is a relatively new social media trend nominally intended to promote health and fitness. Fitspiration messages are presented as encouraging; however, they might also engender body dissatisfaction and compulsive exercise. This study analyzed fitspiration content (n = 1050) on the image-based social media platform Pinterest. Independent raters coded the images and text present in the posts. Messages were categorized as appearance- or health-related, and coded for Social Cognitive Theory constructs: standards, behaviors, and outcome expectancies...
June 21, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299698/the-role-of-the-healthy-weight-discourse-in-body-image-and-eating-concerns-an-extension-of-sociocultural-theory
#16
REVIEW
Rachel F Rodgers
Sociocultural models of body image and eating concerns have highlighted the role of the social discourse in promoting the pursuit of the thin-ideal. Recently, another weight-focused social discourse has gained ground, focused on the goal of maintaining body weight within the boundaries of a weight-range defined as "Healthy." This discourse is somewhat different to the promotion of the thin-ideal; however, it might also be implicated in the development of body image and eating concerns. The present study aimed to extend sociocultural theories of the development of body image and eating concerns by (1) proposing a theoretical model accounting for pressure to maintain a "Healthy Weight", and (2) reviewing the existing evidence for the pathways included in this model...
August 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27295756/pilates-for-pregnancy-and-beyond-a-study
#17
Elaine Uppal, Julie Manley, Aneleigh Schofield
This mixed methods study explores the holistic impact of pilates-based exercises for childbearing women in the ante- and postnatal period, specifically in terms of general wellbeing, preparation for and recovery from childbirth, and pregnancy-related musculoskeletal problems. The study determined participants' perceptions of the pilates intervention, such as positive or negative wellbeing effects including self confidence/esteem, body image, flexibility, comfort, preparation for labour and/or postnatal recovery...
May 2016: Practising Midwife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27264319/evaluation-of-a-physiotherapy-led-group-rehabilitation-intervention-for-adults-living-with-hiv-referrals-adherence-and-outcomes
#18
Darren Brown, Austin Claffey, Richard Harding
HIV is characterised by episodes of disability. We report a novel, hospital outpatient rehabilitation intervention, combining physiotherapy-led group exercise and education for people living with HIV (PLWH). This observational study evaluated routine delivery of the 10-week intervention in terms of referral patterns, rehabilitation goals, intervention adherence and change in patient outcomes. Measurements at baseline & 10 weeks included locomotor performance (6 minute walk test; 6MWT), flexibility, upper and lower limb strength and health related quality of life (HRQOL)...
June 5, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27173753/eating-disorder-symptoms-in-middle-aged-and-older-men
#19
Barbara Mangweth-Matzek, Kai K Kummer, Harrison G Pope
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have assessed symptoms of eating disorders in older men. METHOD: We administered anonymous questionnaires to 470 men, aged 40-75 years, in and around Innsbruck, Austria, to assess eating behavior, body image, and exercise activities. We defined current eating disorder symptoms (EDS) as (1) BMI < 18.5; (2) binge-eating; (3) binge-eating and purging; or (4) purging without binge-eating. RESULTS: Of the 470 men, 32 (6...
May 13, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27095335/examining-the-utility-of-narrowing-anorexia-nervosa-subtypes-for-adults
#20
Carol B Peterson, Emily M Pisetsky, Sonja A Swanson, Ross D Crosby, James E Mitchell, Stephen A Wonderlich, Daniel Le Grange, Laura Hill, Pauline Powers, Scott J Crow
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation was to examine whether narrowing the criteria of anorexia nervosa (AN) subtypes among adults based on further delineations of current binge eating and purging (i.e., binge eating only, purging only, binge eating and purging, and restricting only) improves the potential clinical utility of the current DSM-5 system that specifies two types (i.e., current binge eating and/or purging and restricting, specified as the absence of current binge eating and/or purging)...
May 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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