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"body image" and exercise

Tufan Nayir, Ersin Uskun, Mustafa Volkan Yürekli, Hacer Devran, Ayşe Çelik, Ramazan Azim Okyay
Body image (BI) can be described as the assessment of both positive and negative emotion for one's own body parts and their characteristics by himself or herself. Current research has concentrated mostly on the status of negative BI as a risk factor for mental health problems rather than as a public health problem, thereby little is known about the effects of BI on quality of life. Thus, the purpose of this study was to assess the BI and Quality of Life (QoL) of individuals and to investigate the relationship between the two...
2016: PloS One
Sengul Cangur, Cetin Yaman, Ilker Ercan, Metin Yaman, Serdar Tok
Sports and exercise settings as well as other socio-cultural environments emphasize a thin and physically fit female body. However, there is a clear need for a better understanding of the physical and psychological correlates of social physique anxiety and body image dissatisfaction in female athletes. This study aimed to examine the association of the social physique anxiety, body image satisfaction, and personality with the anthropometric measurements in female college athletes according to their sport type using the Co-Plot technique...
September 20, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Giancarlo Condello, Laura Capranica, Joel Stager, Roberta Forte, Simone Falbo, Angela Di Baldassarre, Cristina Segura-Garcia, Caterina Pesce
Although ageing people could benefit from healthy diet and physical activity to maintain health and quality of life, further understandings of the diet- and physical activity-related mechanisms that may cause changes in health and quality of life perception are necessary. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of eating attitudes, body mass and image satisfaction, and exercise dependence in the relationship between physical activity and health and quality of life perception in older individuals...
2016: PloS One
Marika Tiggemann, Mia Zaccardo
'Fitspiration' is an online trend designed to inspire viewers towards a healthier lifestyle by promoting exercise and healthy food. This study provides a content analysis of fitspiration imagery on the social networking site Instagram. A set of 600 images were coded for body type, activity, objectification and textual elements. Results showed that the majority of images of women contained only one body type: thin and toned. In addition, most images contained objectifying elements. Accordingly, while fitspiration images may be inspirational for viewers, they also contain a number of elements likely to have negative effects on the viewer's body image...
March 31, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Marjanne Senekal, Gabrielle L Lasker, Lindsay van Velden, Ria Laubscher, Norman J Temple
BACKGROUND: Female university students are at risk for weight gain and use of inappropriate weight-loss strategies. By gaining a greater understanding of the weight-loss strategies used by and weight management related characteristics of these students, effective weight management interventions for this vulnerable group can be developed. METHODS: Two hundred and fifty female students from South Africa universities, aged 18-25 years, participated in this cross-sectional study; 162 attempted weight loss during the year preceding the study (dieters) and 88 were non-dieters...
2016: BMC Public Health
Mitch Barton, Paul E Yeatts, Robin K Henson, Scott B Martin
: There has been a recent call to improve data reporting in kinesiology journals, including the appropriate use of univariate and multivariate analysis techniques. For example, a multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) with univariate post hocs and a Bonferroni correction is frequently used to investigate group differences on multiple dependent variables. However, this univariate approach decreases power, increases the risk for Type 1 error, and contradicts the rationale for conducting multivariate tests in the first place...
August 22, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Emily A Phillips, Dawn L Comeau, Pedro T Pisa, Aryeh D Stein, Shane A Norris
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of overweight and obesity is on the rise in South Africa, particularly among females living in urban environments. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the emic perspectives of black young adult daughter and mother pairs living in Soweto, South Africa on diet, physical activity, and obesity-related health within their social and cultural context. METHODS: Purposeful sampling was used to recruit daughters with a normal body mass index (BMI) who have obese mothers...
2016: BMC Public Health
Kimberley L Gammage, Breanne Drouin, Larkin Lamarche
PURPOSE: The present study compared the effects of a single yoga group exercise class to a resistance group exercise class on state body satisfaction and social physique anxiety in women. METHODS: A pre-test post-test design was used. Participants (N = 46) completed both a resistance and yoga group exercise class, in a counter-balanced order. Measures of body satisfaction and social physique anxiety were completed immediately before and after each class. RESULTS: A 2 (time) x 2 (class type) repeated-measures multiple analysis of variance showed a significant overall time x class type interaction, F(2, 44) = 5...
June 22, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Courtney C Simpson, Suzanne E Mazzeo
Fitspiration is a relatively new social media trend nominally intended to promote health and fitness. Fitspiration messages are presented as encouraging; however, they might also engender body dissatisfaction and compulsive exercise. This study analyzed fitspiration content (n = 1050) on the image-based social media platform Pinterest. Independent raters coded the images and text present in the posts. Messages were categorized as appearance- or health-related, and coded for Social Cognitive Theory constructs: standards, behaviors, and outcome expectancies...
June 21, 2016: Health Communication
Rachel F Rodgers
Sociocultural models of body image and eating concerns have highlighted the role of the social discourse in promoting the pursuit of the thin-ideal. Recently, another weight-focused social discourse has gained ground, focused on the goal of maintaining body weight within the boundaries of a weight-range defined as "Healthy." This discourse is somewhat different to the promotion of the thin-ideal; however, it might also be implicated in the development of body image and eating concerns. The present study aimed to extend sociocultural theories of the development of body image and eating concerns by (1) proposing a theoretical model accounting for pressure to maintain a "Healthy Weight", and (2) reviewing the existing evidence for the pathways included in this model...
August 2016: Eating Behaviors
Elaine Uppal, Julie Manley, Aneleigh Schofield
This mixed methods study explores the holistic impact of pilates-based exercises for childbearing women in the ante- and postnatal period, specifically in terms of general wellbeing, preparation for and recovery from childbirth, and pregnancy-related musculoskeletal problems. The study determined participants' perceptions of the pilates intervention, such as positive or negative wellbeing effects including self confidence/esteem, body image, flexibility, comfort, preparation for labour and/or postnatal recovery...
May 2016: Practising Midwife
Darren Brown, Austin Claffey, Richard Harding
HIV is characterised by episodes of disability. We report a novel, hospital outpatient rehabilitation intervention, combining physiotherapy-led group exercise and education for people living with HIV (PLWH). This observational study evaluated routine delivery of the 10-week intervention in terms of referral patterns, rehabilitation goals, intervention adherence and change in patient outcomes. Measurements at baseline & 10 weeks included locomotor performance (6 minute walk test; 6MWT), flexibility, upper and lower limb strength and health related quality of life (HRQOL)...
June 5, 2016: AIDS Care
Barbara Mangweth-Matzek, Kai K Kummer, Harrison G Pope
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have assessed symptoms of eating disorders in older men. METHOD: We administered anonymous questionnaires to 470 men, aged 40-75 years, in and around Innsbruck, Austria, to assess eating behavior, body image, and exercise activities. We defined current eating disorder symptoms (EDS) as (1) BMI < 18.5; (2) binge-eating; (3) binge-eating and purging; or (4) purging without binge-eating. RESULTS: Of the 470 men, 32 (6...
May 13, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Carol B Peterson, Emily M Pisetsky, Sonja A Swanson, Ross D Crosby, James E Mitchell, Stephen A Wonderlich, Daniel Le Grange, Laura Hill, Pauline Powers, Scott J Crow
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation was to examine whether narrowing the criteria of anorexia nervosa (AN) subtypes among adults based on further delineations of current binge eating and purging (i.e., binge eating only, purging only, binge eating and purging, and restricting only) improves the potential clinical utility of the current DSM-5 system that specifies two types (i.e., current binge eating and/or purging and restricting, specified as the absence of current binge eating and/or purging)...
May 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Kathryn E Phillips, Susan Kelly-Weeder, Katherine Farrell
AIM: The purpose of this study was to explore binge eating (BE) behavior in male and female college students. BACKGROUND: BE is a disordered eating behavior frequently reported in college students and is of particular concern because of its link to the development of eating disorders and obesity. METHODS: An anonymous online survey was conducted and open-ended responses (n=425) were coded using qualitative methods. Chi-square analyses were used to determine if gender differences existed...
May 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Carol Goulet, James Henrie, Lynda Szymanski
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of positive and negative aspects of religiousness on eating pathology, body satisfaction, and appearance investment beyond previously established variables (age, BMI, exercise frequency, weight stability, and self-esteem). Data collected from 168 adult females at a Catholic-affiliated university were analyzed using hierarchical linear regressions. As expected, some religiousness variables (spirituality and seeing one's body as having sacred qualities) were associated with eating pathology, body satisfaction, and appearance investment in potentially beneficial ways, and others (negative interaction with one's religious community) were associated in potentially harmful ways...
April 13, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
Brandon L Velez, Aaron S Breslow, Melanie E Brewster, Robert Cox, Aasha B Foster
With a national sample of 304 transgender men, the present study tested a pantheoretical model of dehumanization (Moradi, 2013) with hypotheses derived from objectification theory (Fredrickson & Roberts, 1997), minority stress theory (Meyer, 2003), and prior research regarding men's body image concerns. Specifically, we tested common objectification theory constructs (internalization of sociocultural standards of attractiveness [SSA], body surveillance, body satisfaction) as direct and indirect predictors of compulsive exercise...
January 25, 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Susan M Sawyer, Melissa Whitelaw, Daniel Le Grange, Michele Yeo, Elizabeth K Hughes
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Adolescents with atypical anorexia nervosa (AN) have lost significant weight but are not underweight. This study aimed to describe the physical and psychological morbidity of adolescents diagnosed with atypical AN, and to compare them with underweight adolescents with AN. METHODS: All first presentations of atypical AN (n = 42) and full-threshold AN (n = 118) to a specialist pediatric eating disorder program between July 2010 and June 2014 were examined...
April 2016: Pediatrics
K Alysse Bailey, Lindsay E Cline, Kimberley L Gammage
Despite many body changes that accompany the aging process, the extant research is limited on middle age and older adults' body image experiences. The purpose of the present study was to explore how body image is represented for middle age and older adult women. Using thematic analysis, 10 women over the age of 55 were interviewed within an exercise context. The following themes were found: body dissatisfaction, body satisfaction despite ageist stereotypes, neutral body image within cohort, and positive body image characteristics...
June 2016: Body Image
Petya Eckler, Yusuf Kalyango, Ellen Paasch
Young women increasingly spend time with social media, but the relationship of this exposure to body image is still in the initial stages of exploration. This study used social comparison theory to examine the relationship between time spent on Facebook and body image. A survey of 881 U.S. college women was conducted in April-May 2013. Findings showed that 10.1% had posted about weight, body image, exercise or dieting, and 27.4% had commented on friends' posts or photos. More time on Facebook related to more frequent body and weight comparisons, more attention to the physical appearance of others, and more negative feelings about their bodies for all women...
March 2, 2016: Women & Health
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