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Neddylation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535453/inhibition-of-neddylation-modification-sensitizes-pancreatic-cancer-cells-to-gemcitabine
#1
Hua Li, Weihua Zhou, Lihui Li, Jianfu Wu, Xiaoli Liu, Lili Zhao, Lijun Jia, Yi Sun
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the USA with a 5-year survival rate less than 3% to 5%. Gemcitabine remains as a standard care for PDAC patients. Although protein neddylation is abnormally activated in many human cancers, whether neddylation dysregulation is involved in PDAC and whether targeting neddylation would sensitize pancreatic cancer cells to gemcitabine remain elusive. Here we report that high expression of neddylation components, NEDD8 and NAE1, are associated with poor survival of PDAC patients...
May 20, 2017: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529077/plmd-an-updated-data-resource-of-protein-lysine-modifications
#2
Haodong Xu, Jiaqi Zhou, Shaofeng Lin, Wankun Deng, Ying Zhang, Yu Xue
Post-translational modifications (PTMs) occurring at protein lysine residues, or protein lysine modifications (PLMs), play critical roles in regulating biological processes. Due to the explosive expansion of the amount of PLM substrates and the discovery of novel PLM types, here we greatly updated our previous studies, and presented a much more integrative resource of protein lysine modification database (PLMD). In PLMD, we totally collected and integrated 284,780 modification events in 53,501 proteins across 176 eukaryotes and prokaryotes for up to 20 types of PLMs, including ubiquitination, acetylation, sumoylation, methylation, succinylation, malonylation, glutarylation, glycation, formylation, hydroxylation, butyrylation, propionylation, crotonylation, pupylation, neddylation, 2-hydroxyisobutyrylation, phosphoglycerylation, carboxylation, lipoylation and biotinylation...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522566/nedd8-modification-of-cullin-5-regulates-lipopolysaccharide-induced-acute-lung-injury
#3
Ziyan Zhu, Lei Sun, Rui Hao, Hongchao Jiang, Feng Qian, Richard D Ye
Lung infections are major causes of acute lung injury (ALI), with limited effective treatment available. Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) is an essential adaptor regulating Toll-like receptors (TLRs). We recently identified Cullin-5 (Cul-5) as a prominent component in the regulation of TRAF6 polyubiquitination, but its physiological significance in acute lung injury has not been explored. In this study, we investigated the potential role of Cul-5 in regulating ALI using mice receiving intratracheal instillation of LPS...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499918/cul3-neddylation-is-crucial-for-gradual-lipid-droplet-formation-during-adipogenesis
#4
Dawadschargal Dubiel, Willem Bintig, Thilo Kähne, Wolfgang Dubiel, Michael Naumann
Cullin 3 (Cul3) belongs to the family of cullins (Cul1-7) providing the scaffold for cullin-RING ubiquitin (Ub) ligases (CRLs), which are activated by neddylation and represent essential E3 ligases of the Ub proteasome system. During adipogenic differentiation neddylated Cul3 accumulates in LiSa-2 preadipocytes. Downregulation of Cul3 and inhibition of neddylation by MLN4924 blocks the formation of lipid droplets (LDs), the lipid storage organelles and markers of adipogenesis. Neddylation of Cul3 coincides with an increase of Rab18, a GTPase associated with LDs...
May 9, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475037/senp8-limits-aberrant-neddylation-of-nedd8-pathway-components-to-promote-cullin-ring-ubiquitin-ligase-function
#5
Kate E Coleman, Miklós Békés, Jessica R Chapman, Sarah B Crist, Mathew Jk Jones, Beatrix M Ueberheide, Tony T Huang
NEDD8 is a ubiquitin-like modifier most well-studied for its role in activating the largest family of ubiquitin E3 ligases, the cullin-RING ligases (CRLs). While many non-cullin neddylation substrates have been proposed over the years, validation of true NEDD8 targets has been challenging, as overexpression of exogenous NEDD8 can trigger NEDD8 conjugation through the ubiquitylation machinery. Here, we developed a deconjugation-resistant form of NEDD8 to stabilize the neddylated form of cullins and other non-cullin substrates...
May 5, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470146/microrna-520b-functions-as-a-tumor-suppressor-in-colorectal-cancer-by-inhibiting-dcun1d1
#6
Jing Xiao, Guang Li, Jingyu Zhou, Shalong Wang, Dongcai Liu, Guoshun Shu, Jianping Zhou, Feng Ren
MicroRNAs (miRs), a class of small non-coding RNAs, are important regulators for gene expression through directly binding to the 3'untranslated region (UTR) of their target mRNA. Recently, downregulation of miR-520b has been observed in several common human cancers. However, the exact role of miR-520b in colorectal cancer (CRC) has not previously been studied. In this study, our data showed that miR-520b was significantly downregulated in CRC and cell lines, when compared with adjacent normal tissues and normal intestinal epithelial cell line, respectively...
May 4, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469786/mln4924-protects-against-bleomycin-induced-pulmonary-fibrosis-by-inhibiting-the-early-inflammatory-process
#7
Qi Deng, Jiaojiao Zhang, Yaqun Gao, Xiaofei She, Yunchao Wang, Yilin Wang, Xin Ge
Pulmonary fibrosis is a complex pathological process characterized by massive destruction of the structure of lung tissues and aggravated pulmonary function impairment. The underlying mechanisms of pulmonary fibrosis are incompletely understood and therefore limited treatment options are available currently. Here, we report that MLN4924, an NEDD8 activation enzyme (NAE) activity-inhibiting molecule, blocks the maintenance and progression of established pulmonary fibrosis. We found that MLN4924 acts against bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis mainly at the early inflammatory stage...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455357/fission-yeast-neddylation-ligase-dcn1-facilitates-cohesin-cleavage-and-chromosome-segregation-at-anaphase
#8
Lan Lin, Li Chen, Phong T Tran
Posttranslational protein modification such as phosphorylation and ubiquitination are critical during mitosis to ensure proper timing and progression of chromosome segregation. It has been recently recognized that another type of protein modification - neddylation - may also regulate mitosis and chromosome segregation. The conserved protein DCN1 (defective cullin neddylation 1) has been shown, when knock-downed by RNAi, to result in multinucleated cells and/or blockage of cell proliferation. However, how DCN1 functions in mitosis and chromosome segregation is not known...
April 28, 2017: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450112/nedd8-activating-enzyme-inhibitor-mln4924-pevonedistat-induces-noxa-dependent-apoptosis-through-up-regulation-of-atf-4
#9
Xiaojun Liu, Yanan Jiang, Jianfu Wu, Wenjuan Zhang, Yupei Liang, Lijun Jia, Jinha Yu, L S Jeong, Lihui Li
It has been reported that MLN4924 can inhibit cell growth and metastasis in various kinds of cancer. We have reported that MLN4924 is able to inhibit angiogenesis through the induction of cell apoptosis both in vitro and in vivo models. Moreover, Neddylation inhibition using MLN4924 triggered the accumulation of pro-apoptotic protein NOXA in Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). However, the mechanism of MLN4924-induced NOXA up-regulation has not been addressed in HUVECs yet. In this study, we investigated how MLN4924 induced NOXA expression and cellular apoptosis in HUVECs treated with MLN4924 at indicated concentrations...
June 17, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368371/cul-2-lrr-1-and-ubxn-3-drive-replisome-disassembly-during-dna-replication-termination-and%C3%A2-mitosis
#10
Remi Sonneville, Sara Priego Moreno, Axel Knebel, Clare Johnson, C James Hastie, Anton Gartner, Agnieszka Gambus, Karim Labib
Replisome disassembly is the final step of DNA replication in eukaryotes, involving the ubiquitylation and CDC48-dependent dissolution of the CMG helicase (CDC45-MCM-GINS). Using Caenorhabditis elegans early embryos and Xenopus laevis egg extracts, we show that the E3 ligase CUL-2(LRR-1) associates with the replisome and drives ubiquitylation and disassembly of CMG, together with the CDC-48 cofactors UFD-1 and NPL-4. Removal of CMG from chromatin in frog egg extracts requires CUL2 neddylation, and our data identify chromatin recruitment of CUL2(LRR1) as a key regulated step during DNA replication termination...
May 2017: Nature Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292938/combinatorial-screening-of-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-reveals-sensitivity-to-drug-combinations-including-bromodomain-inhibitor-plus-neddylation-inhibitor
#11
Casey G Langdon, James T Platt, Robert E Means, Pinar Iyidogan, Ramanaiah Mamillapalli, Michael Klein, Matthew A Held, Jong Woo Lee, Ja Seok Koo, Christos Hatzis, Howard S Hochster, David F Stern
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the fourth most common cause of cancer death in the United States. PDAC is difficult to manage effectively, with a five-year survival rate of only 5%. PDAC is largely driven by activating KRAS mutations, and as such, cannot be directly targeted with therapeutic agents that affect the activated protein. Instead, inhibition of downstream signaling and other targets will be necessary to effectively manage PDAC. Here, we describe a tiered single-agent and combination compound screen to identify targeted agents that impair growth of a panel of PDAC cell lines...
March 14, 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292897/inhibition-of-atherogenesis-by-the-cop9-signalosome-subunit-5-in-vivo
#12
Yaw Asare, Miriam Ommer, Florence A Azombo, Setareh Alampour-Rajabi, Marieke Sternkopf, Maryam Sanati, Marion J Gijbels, Corinna Schmitz, Dzmitry Sinitski, Pathricia V Tilstam, Hongqi Lue, André Gessner, Denise Lange, Johannes A Schmid, Christian Weber, Martin Dichgans, Joachim Jankowski, Ruggero Pardi, Menno P J de Winther, Heidi Noels, Jürgen Bernhagen
Constitutive photomorphogenesis 9 (COP9) signalosome 5 (CSN5), an isopeptidase that removes neural precursor cell-expressed, developmentally down-regulated 8 (NEDD8) moieties from cullins (thus termed "deNEDDylase") and a subunit of the cullin-RING E3 ligase-regulating COP9 signalosome complex, attenuates proinflammatory NF-κB signaling. We previously showed that CSN5 is up-regulated in human atherosclerotic arteries. Here, we investigated the role of CSN5 in atherogenesis in vivo by using mice with myeloid-specific Csn5 deletion...
March 28, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252002/neddylation-of-pb2-reduces-its-stability-and-blocks-the-replication-of-influenza-a-virus
#13
Tinghong Zhang, Zhen Ye, Xiaohai Yang, Yujie Qin, Yi Hu, Xiaomei Tong, Wenbin Lai, Xin Ye
Post-translational modifications of viral proteins play important roles in regulating viral replication. Here we demonstrated that the PB2 of influenza A virus (IAV) can be modified by NEDD8. We revealed that E3 ligase HDM2 can promote PB2 NEDDylation. Overexpression of either NEDD8 or HDM2 can inhibit IAV replication, while knockdown of HDM2 has the opposite effect. Then we identified residue K699 in PB2 as the major NEDDylation site. We found that NEDDylation deficient PB2 mutant (PB2 K699R) has a longer half-life than wild-type PB2, indicating that NEDDylation of PB2 reduces its stability...
March 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229932/csn5-jab1-suppresses-the-wnt-inhibitor-dkk1-in-colorectal-cancer-cells
#14
Sandra Jumpertz, Thomas Hennes, Yaw Asare, Anke K Schütz, Jürgen Bernhagen
The COP9 signalosome (CSN) is a multi-protein complex that is highly conserved in eukaryotes. Due to its regulatory impact on processes such as cell cycle, DNA damage response and apoptosis, the CSN is essential for mammalian cells. One of the best-studied functions of the CSN is the deNEDDylation of cullin-RING ligases (CRLs) via its catalytically active subunit CSN5/JAB1, thereby triggering the degradation of various target proteins. CSN5 was found to be overexpressed in many human cancer entities, including colon adenocarcinoma...
February 14, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202763/inhibition-of-vpx-mediated-samhd1-and-vpr-mediated-host-helicase-transcription-factor-degradation-by-selective-disruption-of-viral-crl4-dcaf1-e3-ubiquitin-ligase-assembly
#15
Hong Wang, Haoran Guo, Jiaming Su, Yajuan Rui, Wenwen Zheng, Wenying Gao, Wenyan Zhang, Zhaolong Li, Guanchen Liu, Richard B Markham, Wei Wei, Xiao-Fang Yu
The lentiviral accessory proteins Vpx and Vpr are known to utilize CRL4 (DCAF1) E3 ligase to induce the degradation of the host restriction factor SAMHD1 or host helicase transcription factor (HLTF), respectively. Selective disruption of viral CRL4 (DCAF1) E3 ligase could be a promising antiviral strategy. Recently, we have determined that posttranslational modification (neddylation) of Cullin-4 is required for the activation of Vpx-CRL4 (DCAF1) E3 ligase. However, the mechanism of Vpx/Vpr-CRL4 (DCAF1) E3 ligase assembly is still poorly understood...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169289/the-nedd8-non-covalent-binding-region-in-the-smurf-hect-domain-is-critical-to-its-ubiquitn-ligase-function
#16
Shan He, Yu Cao, Ping Xie, Guanglong Dong, Lingqiang Zhang
Nedd8 is a ubiquitin-like protein that controls vital biological events through conjugation to target proteins. We previously identified the HECT-type ubiquitin ligase Smurf1 which controls diverse cellular processes is activated by Nedd8 through covalent neddylation. However, the effect of non-covalent binding to Nedd8 remains unknown. In this study, we demonstrate that both Smurf1 and its homologue Smurf2 carry a non-covalent Nedd8-binding site within its catalytic HECT domain. Structural analysis reveals that Smurf2 has Nedd8-binding sites within the small sub-domain of N-lobe and the C-lobe of HECT domain...
February 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101194/inhibition-of-nedd8-and-fat10-ligase-activities-through-the-degrading-enzyme-nedd8-ultimate-buster-1-a-potential-anticancer-approach
#17
Ka-Liong Tan, Francesco Pezzella
The capabilities of tumour cells to survive through deregulated cell cycles and evade apoptosis are hallmarks of cancer. The ubiquitin-like proteins (UBL) proteasome system is important in regulating cell cycles via signaling proteins. Deregulation of the proteasomal system can lead to uncontrolled cell proliferation. The Skp, Cullin, F-box containing complex (SCF complex) is the predominant E3 ubiquitin ligase, and has diverse substrates. The ubiquitin ligase activity of the SCF complexes requires the conjugation of neural precursor cell expressed, developmentally down-regulated 8 (NEDD8) to cullin proteins...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099510/regulation-of-nub1-activity-through-non-proteolytic-mdm2-mediated-ubiquitination
#18
Thomas Bonacci, Stéphane Audebert, Luc Camoin, Emilie Baudelet, Juan-Lucio Iovanna, Philippe Soubeyran
NUB1 (Nedd8 ultimate buster 1) is an adaptor protein which negatively regulates the ubiquitin-like protein Nedd8 as well as neddylated proteins levels through proteasomal degradation. However, molecular mechanisms underlying this function are not completely understood. Here, we report that the oncogenic E3 ubiquitin ligase Mdm2 is a new NUB1 interacting protein which induces its ubiquitination. Interestingly, we found that Mdm2-mediated ubiquitination of NUB1 is not a proteolytic signal. Instead of promoting the conjugation of polyubiquitin chains and the subsequent proteasomal degradation of NUB1, Mdm2 rather induces its di-ubiquitination on lysine 159...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096463/deneddylase1-protein-counters-automodification-of-neddylating-enzymes-to-maintain-nedd8-protein-homeostasis-in-arabidopsis
#19
Julia Mergner, Bernhard Kuster, Claus Schwechheimer
In eukaryotes, the conjugation of the ubiquitin-like protein NEDD8 onto protein targets is an important post-translational modification. The best understood neddylation targets are the cullins, scaffold subunits of E3 ubiquitin ligases, where neddylation as well as deneddylation, facilitated by the protease activity of the CSN (COP9 signalosome), are required to control ubiquitin ligase assembly, function, and ultimately substrate degradation. Little is known about the role of other deneddylating enzymes besides CSN and the role of neddylation and deneddylation of their substrates...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035772/deregulated-neddylation-in-liver-fibrosis
#20
Imanol Zubiete-Franco, Pablo Fernández-Tussy, Lucía Barbier-Torres, Jorge Simon, David Fernández-Ramos, Fernando Lopitz-Otsoa, Virginia Gutiérrez-de Juan, Sergio López de Davalillo, Antonio Martín Duce, Paula Iruzubieta, Daniel Taibo, Javier Crespo, Juan Caballeria, Erica Villa, Igor Aurrekoetxea, Patricia Aspichueta, Marta Varela-Rey, Shelly C Lu, José M Mato, Naiara Beraza, Teresa C Delgado, María L Martínez-Chantar
Hepatic fibrosis is a global health problem currently without effective therapeutic approaches. Even though the ubiquitin-like posttranslational modification of neddylation, that conjugates Nedd8 (neural precursor cell expressed developmentally downregulated) to specific targets, is aberrant in many pathologies, its relevance in liver fibrosis (LF) remained unexplored. Our results show deregulated neddylation in clinical fibrosis and both in mouse bileductligation- and CCl4 -induced fibrosis. Importantly, neddylation inhibition, by using the pharmacological inhibitor, MLN4924, reduced liver injury, apoptosis, inflammation, and fibrosis by targeting different hepatic cell types...
February 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
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