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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806503/identification-of-the-dimer-exchange-interface-of-the-bacterial-dna-damage-response-protein-umud
#1
David A Murison, Rebecca C Timson, Bilyana Koleva, Michael Ordazzo, Penny J Beuning
The Escherichia coli SOS response, an induced DNA damage response pathway, confers survival on bacterial cells by providing accurate repair mechanisms as well as the potentially mutagenic pathway translesion synthesis (TLS). The umuD gene products are upregulated after DNA damage and play roles in both non-mutagenic and mutagenic aspects of the SOS response. Full-length UmuD is expressed as a homodimer of 139-amino-acid subunits, which eventually cleaves its N-terminal 24 amino acids to form UmuD'. The cleavage product, UmuD', together with UmuC, form the Y-family polymerase DNA Pol V (UmuD'2C) capable of performing TLS...
August 14, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805497/putative-role-of-glutamine-in-the-activation-of-cbl-cipk-signalling-pathways-during-salt-stress-in-sorghum
#2
Rafael de Souza Miranda, Juan Carlos Alvarez-Pizarro, José Hélio Costa, Stelamaris de Oliveira Paula, José Tarquinio Prisco, Enéas Gomes-Filho
The salt overly sensitive (SOS) pathway is the only mechanism known for Na(+) extrusion in plant cells. SOS pathway activation involves Ca(2+)-sensing proteins, such as calcineurin B-like (CBL) proteins, and CBL-interacting protein kinases (CIPKs). In this signalling mechanism, a transit increase in cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration triggered by Na(+) accumulation is perceived by CBL (also known as SOS3). Afterward, SOS3 physically interacts with a CIPK (also known as SOS2), forming the SOS2/SOS3 complex, which can regulate the number downstream targets, controlling ionic homeostasis...
August 14, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800961/functional-consequences-of-inducible-genetic-elements-from-the-p53-sos-response-in-a-mammalian-organ-system
#3
O'neil W Guthrie
In response to DNA damage from ultraviolet (UV) radiation, bacteria deploy the SOS response in order to limit cell death. This bacterial SOS response is characterized by an increase in the recA gene that transactivates expression of multiple DNA repair genes. The current series of experiments demonstrate that a mammalian organ system (the cochlea) that is not evolutionarily conditioned to UV radiation can elicit SOS responses that are reminiscent of that of bacteria. This mammalian SOS response is characterized by an increase in the p53 gene with activation of multiple DNA repair genes that harbor p53 response elements in their promoters...
August 8, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800515/development-and-validation-study-of-the-smartphone-overuse-screening-questionnaire
#4
Han-Kyeong Lee, Ji-Hae Kim, Maurizio Fava, David Mischoulon, Jae-Hyun Park, Eun-Jung Shim, Eun-Ho Lee, Ji Hyeon Lee, Hong Jin Jeon
The aim of this study was to develop a screening questionnaire that could distinguish individuals at high risk of smartphone overuse from casual users. The reliability, validity, and diagnostic ability of the Smartphone Overuse Screening Questionnaire (SOS-Q) were evaluated. Preliminary items were assessed by 50 addiction experts on-line, and 28 questions were selected. A total of 158 subjects recruited from six community centers for internet addiction participated in this study. The SOS-Q, Young's internet addiction scale, Korean scale for internet addiction, and Smartphone Scale for Smartphone Addiction (S-Scale) were used to assess the concurrent validity...
August 2, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793780/iatrogenic-opioid-withdrawal-in-critically-ill-patients-a-review-of-assessment-tools-and-management
#5
Ada W Chiu, Sofia Contreras, Sangeeta Mehta, Jennifer Korman, Marc M Perreault, David R Williamson, Lisa D Burry
OBJECTIVE: To (1) provide an overview of the epidemiology, clinical presentation, and risk factors of iatrogenic opioid withdrawal in critically ill patients and (2) conduct a literature review of assessment and management of iatrogenic opioid withdrawal in critically ill patients. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE (1946-June 2017), EMBASE (1974-June 2017), and CINAHL (1982-June 2017) with the terms opioid withdrawal, opioid, opiate, critical care, critically ill, assessment tool, scale, taper, weaning, and management...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780510/reduced-antiplatelet-effect-of-aspirin-does-not-predict-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease
#6
Sanne Bøjet Larsen, Erik Lerkevang Grove, Søs Neergaard-Petersen, Morten Würtz, Anne-Mette Hvas, Steen Dalby Kristensen
BACKGROUND: Increased platelet aggregation during antiplatelet therapy may predict cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease. The majority of these patients receive aspirin monotherapy. We aimed to investigate whether high platelet-aggregation levels predict cardiovascular events in stable coronary artery disease patients treated with aspirin. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 900 stable coronary artery disease patients with either previous myocardial infarction, type 2 diabetes mellitus, or both...
August 5, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769919/cellular-response-to-ciprofloxacin-in-low-level-quinolone-resistant-escherichia-coli
#7
Jesús Machuca, Esther Recacha, Alejandra Briales, Paula Díaz-de-Alba, Jesús Blazquez, Álvaro Pascual, José-Manuel Rodríguez-Martínez
Bactericidal activity of quinolones has been related to a combination of DNA fragmentation, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and programmed cell death (PCD) systems. The underlying molecular systems responsible for reducing bactericidal effect during antimicrobial therapy in low-level quinolone resistance (LLQR) phenotypes need to be clarified. To do this and also define possible new antimicrobial targets, the transcriptome profile of isogenic Escherichia coli harboring quinolone resistance mechanisms in the presence of a clinical relevant concentration of ciprofloxacin was evaluated...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766943/stabilizing-g-states-in-centrosymmetric-tetrapyrroles-two-photon-absorbing-porphyrins-with-bright-phosphorescence
#8
Tatiana V Esipova, Héctor J Rivera-Jacquez, Bruno Weber, Artëm E Masunov, Sergei A Vinogradov
Using time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) and sum-overstates (SOS) formalism, we predicted significant stabilization of 2P-active g-states in a compact fully symmetric porphyrin, in which all four pyrrolic fragments are fused with phathalimide residues via the β-carbon positions. The synthesis of a soluble, nonaggregating meso-unsubstituted tetraarylphthalimidoporphyrin (TAPIP) was then developed, and the spectroscopic measurements confirmed that a strongly 2P-active state in this porphyrin is stabilized below the B (Soret) state level...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766686/benzyl-isothiocyanate-and-phenethyl-isothiocyanate-inhibit-murine-melanoma-b16f10-cell-migration-and-invasion-in-vitro
#9
Kuang-Chi Lai, Yung-Ting Hsiao, Jiun-Long Yang, Yi-Shih Ma, Yi-Ping Huang, Tai-An Chiang, Jing-Gung Chung
Benzyl isothiocyanate (BITC), and phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC) have been demonstrated to induce anticancer function in many human cancer cells and also inhibit cancer cell migration and invasion. However, there are no studies that show BITC and PEITC to inhibit cell migration and invasion in mouse melanoma B16F10 cells. In this study, we investigated anti-metastasis effects of BITC and PEITC in melanoma cancer cells in vitro. Under sub-lethal concentrations (from 1, 2.5 up to 5 µM), BITC and PEITC significantly inhibited cell mobility, migration and invasion nature of B16F10 cells...
September 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766267/iodine-status-after-bariatric-surgery-a-prospective-10-year-report-from-the-swedish-obese-subjects-sos-study
#10
Sofia Manousou, Lena M S Carlsson, Robert Eggertsen, Lena Hulthén, Peter Jacobson, Kerstin Landin-Wilhelmsen, Penelope Trimpou, Per-Arne Svensson, Helena Filipsson Nyström
CONTEXT: Bariatric surgery can lead to nutrient deficiencies. Gastric by-pass (GBP) entails restriction and malabsorption, whereas, vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) is only restrictive. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to study whether GBP-patients develop iodine deficiency from malabsorption, and if GBP- and VBG-patients develop lower 24-h urinary iodine excretion (24-UIE) than obese non-operated controls (OB-controls) due to lower iodine intake. DESIGN: The Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study is a prospective, non-randomized study of 4047 obese patients included 1987-2001, who chose bariatric surgery or non-surgical treatment...
August 2, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763220/time-dependent-double-hybrid-density-functionals-with-spin-component-and-spin-opposite-scaling
#11
Tobias Schwabe, Lars Goerigk
For the first time, we combine time-dependent double-hybrid density functional approximations (TD-DHDFAs) for the calculation of electronic excitation energies with the concepts of spin-component and spin-opposite scaling (SCS/SOS) of electron-pair contributions to their nonlocal correlation components. Different flavors of this idea, ranging from standard SCS parameters to fully fitted parameter sets, are presented and tested on six different parent DHDFAs. For cross-validation, we assess those methods on three benchmark sets that cover small- to medium-sized chromophores (up to 78 atoms) and different excitation types...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759025/diagnosis-and-severity-criteria-for-sinusoidal-obstruction-syndrome-veno-occlusive-disease-in-pediatric-patients-a-new-classification-from-the-european-society-for-blood-and-marrow-transplantation
#12
S Corbacioglu, E Carreras, M Ansari, A Balduzzi, S Cesaro, J-H Dalle, F Dignan, B Gibson, T Guengoer, B Gruhn, A Lankester, F Locatelli, A Pagliuca, C Peters, P G Richardson, A S Schulz, P Sedlacek, J Stein, K-W Sykora, J Toporski, E Trigoso, K Vetteranta, J Wachowiak, E Wallhult, R Wynn, I Yaniv, A Yesilipek, M Mohty, P Bader
The advances in hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) over the last decade have led to a transplant-related mortality below 15%. Hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome/veno-occlusive disease (SOS/VOD) is a life-threatening complication of HCT that belongs to a group of diseases increasingly identified as transplant-related, systemic endothelial diseases. In most cases, SOS/VOD resolves within weeks; however, severe SOS/VOD results in multi-organ dysfunction/failure with a mortality rate >80%. A timely diagnosis of SOS/VOD is of critical importance, given the availability of therapeutic options with favorable tolerability...
July 31, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749845/postnatal-development-of-the-spheno-occipital-synchondrosis-a-histological-analysis
#13
Jiewen Dai, Yuheng Lin, Ouyang Ningjuan, Jun Shi, Dedong Yu, Guofang Shen
The spheno-occipital synchondrosis (SOS) in cranial base is an important growth center for the craniofacial skeleton, and also is a guide rail for development of the maxilla, midface, and mandible. Previous studies showed that SOS may be a treatment target for youngsters with midfacial hypoplasia and small cranial vault secondary to craniosynostosis. However, most of studies about the SOS are based on imaging data. In this study, we try to explore the characteristics of postnatal development of the mouse SOS based on histological analysis...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745768/the-sos-chromotest-applied-for-screening-plant-antigenotoxic-agents-against-ultraviolet-radiation
#14
J L Fuentes, A García Forero, N Quintero Ruiz, C A Prada Medina, N Rey Castellanos, D A Franco Niño, D A Contreras García, Y Córdoba Campo, E E Stashenko
In this work, we investigated the usefulness of the SOS Chromotest for screening plant antigenotoxic agents against ultraviolet radiation (UV). Fifty Colombian plant extracts obtained by supercritical fluid (CO2) extraction, twelve plant extract constituents (apigenin, carvacrol, β-caryophyllene, 1,8-cineole, citral, p-cymene, geraniol, naringenin, pinocembrin, quercetin, squalene, and thymol) and five standard antioxidant and/or photoprotective agents (curcumin, epigallocatechin gallate, resveratrol, α-tocopherol, and Trolox®) were evaluated for their genotoxicity and antigenotoxicity against UV using the SOS Chromotest...
July 26, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744961/the-lexa-transcription-factor-regulates-fatty-acid-biosynthetic-genes-in-the-cyanobacterium-synechocystis-sp-pcc-6803
#15
Ayumi Kizawa, Akihito Kawahara, Kosuke Takashima, Yasushi Takimura, Yoshitaka Nishiyama, Yukako Hihara
In various heterotrophic bacterial species, specific transcription factors have been identified that regulate the sets of genes required for fatty acid metabolism. Here, we report that expression of the fab genes, encoding fatty acid biosynthetic enzymes, is regulated by the global regulator LexA in the photoautotrophic cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. Sll1626, an ortholog of the well-known LexA repressor involved in the SOS response in heterotrophic bacteria, was isolated from crude extracts of Synechocystis by DNA affinity chromatography, reflecting its binding to the upstream region of the acpP-fabF and fabI genes...
July 26, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743847/-new-methods-for-the-evaluation-of-bone-quality-bone-quality-evaluation-by-qus
#16
Mami Matsukawa
The conventional ultrasonic bone densitometry systems(quantitative ultrasound:QUS)are now popular for the initial screening of osteoporosis. These systems can give us velocity(SOS)and broadband attenuation(BUA)of ultrasonic waves, which propagated in the heel. This paper describes the physical meaning of these parameters and introduces the idea of standardization, s-SOS and s-BUA. In addition, new QUS techniques for the further investigation of bone quality are also introduced. These techniques, two wave phenomenon and Axial Transmission(AT)can induce the individual properties of cortical and cancellous bones by the ultrasonic measurements...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742623/prediction-of-orthokeratology-lens-decentration-with-corneal-elevation
#17
Zhi Chen, Feng Xue, Jiaqi Zhou, Xiaomei Qu, Xingtao Zhou
SIGNIFICANCE: Lens decentration is common and unavoidable to some extent during ortho-k treatment. By using a simplified method, we are able to predict the magnitude and direction of ortho-k lens decentration, which provides useful insights in screening for ideal ortho-k candidates and to make a quick decision when decentration happens. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of corneal elevation asymmetry on ortho-k lens decentration. METHODS: Thirty-six eyes of 36 subjects were fitted with four-curve reverse geometry ortho-k contact lenses...
July 24, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742028/semantic-object-segmentation-in-tagged-videos-via-detection
#18
Yu Zhang, Xiaowu Chen, Jia Li, Chen Wang, Changqun Xia, Jun Li
Semantic object segmentation (SOS) is a challenging task in computer vision that aims to detect and segment all pixels of the objects within predefined semantic categories. In image-based SOS, many supervised models have been proposed and achieved impressive performances due to the rapid advances of well-annotated training images and machine learning theories. However, in video-based SOS it is often difficult to directly train a supervised model since most videos are weakly annotated by tags. To handle such tagged videos, this paper proposes a novel approach that adopts a segmentation-by-detection framework...
July 20, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737478/family-matters-how-myc-family-oncogenes-impact-small-cell-lung-cancer
#19
Johannes Brägelmann, Stefanie Böhm, Matthew R Guthrie, Gurkan Mollaoglu, Trudy G Oliver, Martin L Sos
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is one of the most deadly cancers and currently lacks effective targeted treatment options. Recent advances in the molecular characterization of SCLC has provided novel insight into the biology of this disease and raises hope for a paradigm shift in the treatment of SCLC. We and others have identified activation of MYC as a driver of susceptibility to Aurora kinase inhibition in SCLC cells and tumors that translates into a therapeutic option for the targeted treatment of MYC-driven SCLC...
July 24, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735568/turning-a-blind-eye-public-support-of-emergency-housing-policies-for-sex-offenders
#20
Kelly M Socia, Christopher P Dum, Jason Rydberg
In this study, we examine the influences of citizen decision making in the context of four policy scenarios that would affect the living conditions of sex offenders (SOs) residing at an "emergency shelter" budget motel. We surveyed 773 citizens in an online survey about their support for four policy scenarios that would improve the living conditions of SOs: (a) at no cost to the respondent, (b) in exchange for a US$100 tax increase, and (c) by relocating SOs within the respondent's neighborhood (i.e., "in my backyard"/IMBY scenario)...
July 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
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