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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219302/relations-between-quantitative-ultrasound-assessment-of-calcaneus-and-grip-and-key-pinch-power-in-japanese-mountain-village-residents
#1
Ayako Nagai, Tsuyoshi Tajika, Atsushi Yamamoto, Chisa Okura, Saeko Kanazawa, Kenji Takagishi
PURPOSE: It seems to be important to recognize bone health condition using a simple method in Japanese super-aged society. The aim of our study was to investigate whether grip and key pinch strength were associated with bone quality. METHODS: Medical examinations were conducted of 337 adult residents (123 men, 214 women; average age of 64.7 years) of a mountain village. Bilateral grip and key pinch strength were measured. The sound of speed (SOS) of calcaneus was assessed using an ultrasound bone densitometer...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207992/inhibitory-activities-of-n-butanol-fraction-from-butea-monosperma-lam-taub-bark-against-free-radicals-genotoxins-and-cancer-cells
#2
Varinder Kaur, Manish Kumar, Paramjeet Kaur, Sandeep Kaur, Satwinderjeet Kaur
The present study was undertaken to investigate antioxidant, antigenotoxic and antiproliferative activity of n-butanol fraction (Bmbu) from bark of medicinal plant Butea monosperma. Antioxidant potency of Bmbu was examined by various in vitro assays. It was also investigated for antigenotoxic activity using E. coli. PQ37 employing SOS chromotest. Further, cytotoxic and apoptosis inducing activity of Bmbu was evaluated in MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Bmbu showed potent free radical scavenging ability in ABTS assay (IC50 56...
February 16, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206802/exploring-the-post-deployment-reintegration-experiences-of-veterans-with-ptsd-and-their-significant-others
#3
I Magaly Freytes, Jennifer H LeLaurin, Susan L Zickmund, Rosana D Resende, Constance R Uphold
Veterans with family support have better functional recovery and reintegration outcomes. However, families' ability to support the veteran with PTSD's rehabilitation and reintegration oftentimes is hindered by interpersonal challenges. We report findings of a qualitative study that examined OEF/OIF veterans with PTSD/TBI and their significant others' (SOs') perceptions of family functioning. We conducted 24 in-depth interviews with 12 veteran/SO dyads using an adapted version of the Family Assessment Device Structured Interview...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202860/hepatic-sinusoidal-obstruction-syndrome-induced-by-non-transplant-chemotherapy-for-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#4
Miho Sakumura, Kazuto Tajiri, Shigeharu Miwa, Kohei Nagata, Kengo Kawai, Takayoshi Miyazono, Kotaro Arita, Akinori Wada, Jun Murakami, Toshiro Sugiyama
Hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS), a serious complication that mainly occurs after hematopoietic-stem cell transplantation (HSCT), is caused by damage to the sinusoidal endothelial cells after the obstruction of the sinusoid. Recently, hepatic SOS was reported to occur after non-HSCT chemotherapies. This report describes a patient who experienced hepatic SOS after non-HSCT chemotherapy for non-Hodgkin lymphoma. A liver biopsy showed the slight dilatation of the hepatic sinusoid, which may be indicative of hepatic SOS...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198195/novel-adenovirus-detected-in-kowari-dasyuroides-byrnei-with-pneumonia
#5
János Gál, Míra Mándoki, Endre Sós, Péter Kertész, Viktória Koroknai, Krisztián Bányai, Szilvia L Farkas
A male kowari (Dasyuroides byrnei) originating from a zoo facility was delivered for post mortem evaluation in Hungary. Acute lobar pneumonia with histopathologic changes resembling an adenovirus (AdV) infection was detected by light microscopic examination. The presence of an AdV was confirmed by obtaining partial sequence data from the adenoviral DNA-dependent DNA-polymerase. Although the exact taxonomic position of this novel marsupial origin virus could not be determined, pairwise identity analyses and phylogenetic calculations revealed that it is distantly related to other members in the family Adenoviridae...
February 15, 2017: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178379/antigenotoxic-effect-against-ultraviolet-radiation-induced-dna-damage-of-the-essential-oils-from-lippia-species
#6
Nathalia Quintero Ruiz, Yuri Cordoba Campo, Elena E Stashenko, Jorge Luis Fuentes
The antigenotoxicity against ultraviolet radiation (UV) -induced DNA damage of essential oils (EO) from Lippia species was studied using SOS Chromotest. Based on the minimum concentration that significantly inhibits genotoxicity, the genoprotective potential of EO from highest to lowest was L. alba, citral -rich chemotype (RC) > L. graveolens, thymol-RC ≈ L. origanoides, thymol-RC ≈ L. origanoides, carvacrol-RC > L. micromera, thymol-RC ≈ L. citriodora, citral-RC > L. alba, myrcenone-RC > L...
February 8, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176396/multiresolution-imaging-using-golden-angle-stack-of-stars-and-compressed-sensing-for-dynamic-mr-urography
#7
Abhishek Pandey, Umit Yoruk, Mahesh Keerthivasan, Jean-Philippe Galons, Puneet Sharma, Kevin Johnson, Diego R Martin, Maria I Altbach, Ali Bilgin, Manojkumar Saranathan
PURPOSE: To develop a novel multiresolution MRI methodology for accurate estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A three-dimensional golden-angle radial stack-of-stars (SoS) trajectory was used for data acquisition on a 3 Tesla MRI scanner. Multiresolution reconstruction and analysis was performed using arterial input function reconstructed at 1-s. temporal resolution and renal dynamic data reconstructed using compressed sensing (CS) with 4-s temporal resolution...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168573/increasing-cocoa-butter-like-lipid-production-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-by-expression-of-selected-cocoa-genes
#8
Yongjun Wei, Michael Gossing, David Bergenholm, Verena Siewers, Jens Nielsen
Cocoa butter (CB) extracted from cocoa beans mainly consists of three different kinds of triacylglycerols (TAGs), 1,3-dipalmitoyl-2-oleoyl-glycerol (POP, C16:0-C18:1-C16:0), 1-palmitoyl-3-stearoyl-2-oleoyl-glycerol (POS, C16:0-C18:1-C18:0) and 1,3-distearoyl-2-oleoyl-glycerol (SOS, C18:0-C18:1-C18:0), but CB supply is limited. Therefore, CB-like lipids (CBL, which are composed of POP, POS and SOS) are in great demand. Saccharomyces cerevisiae produces TAGs as storage lipids, which are also mainly composed of C16 and C18 fatty acids...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168314/cocoa-butter-like-lipid-production-ability-of-non-oleaginous-and-oleaginous-yeasts-under-nitrogen-limited-culture-conditions
#9
Yongjun Wei, Verena Siewers, Jens Nielsen
Cocoa butter (CB) extracted from cocoa beans is the main raw material for chocolate production. However, growing chocolate demands and limited CB production has resulted in a shortage of CB supply. CB is mainly composed of three different kinds of triacylglycerols (TAGs), POP (C16:0-C18:1-C16:0), POS (C16:0-C18:1-C18:0), and SOS (C18:0-C18:1-C18:0). The storage lipids of yeasts, mainly TAGs, also contain relative high-level of C16 and C18 fatty acids and might be used as CB-like lipids (CBL). In this study, we cultivated six different yeasts, including one non-oleaginous yeast strain, Saccharomyces cerevisiae CEN...
February 6, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162093/evaluating-the-impact-of-targeting-livestock-for-the-prevention-of-human-and-animal-trypanosomiasis-at-village-level-in-districts-newly-affected-with-t-b-rhodesiense-in-uganda
#10
Louise Hamill, Kim Picozzi, Jenna Fyfe, Beatrix von Wissmann, Sally Wastling, Nicola Wardrop, Richard Selby, Christine Amongi Acup, Kevin L Bardosh, Dennis Muhanguzi, John D Kabasa, Charles Waiswa, Susan C Welburn
BACKGROUND: Uganda has suffered from a series of epidemics of Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT), a tsetse transmitted disease, also known as sleeping sickness. The area affected by acute Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense HAT (rHAT) has been expanding, driven by importation of infected cattle into regions previously free of the disease. These regions are also affected by African Animal Trypanosomiasis (AAT) demanding a strategy for integrated disease control. METHODS: In 2008, the Public Private Partnership, Stamp Out Sleeping Sickness (SOS) administered a single dose of trypanocide to 31 486 head of cattle in 29 parishes in Dokolo and Kaberamaido districts...
February 6, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161839/osteoprotegerin-and-uremic-osteoporosis-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients
#11
Diana Moldovan, Crina Rusu, Alina Potra, Ioan Moldovan, Ioan Mihai Patiu, Mirela Gherman-Caprioara, Ina Maria Kacso
INTRODUCTION: Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a powerful inhibitor of osteoclast activity, and it plays an important role in bone metabolism. In hemodialysis (HD) patients, the relationship between OPG and bone mineral density (BMD) is important, but remains unclear yet. The study objective was to assess the OPG role related to uremic osteoporosis in HD patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study has been realized on a cohort of 63 chronic HD patients. INCLUSION CRITERIA: elderly prevalent HD patients with an age over 55 years old...
February 4, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158228/extracorporeal-shock-waves-alone-or-combined-with-raloxifene-promote-bone-formation-and-suppress-resorption-in-ovariectomized-rats
#12
Adriano Lama, Anna Santoro, Bruno Corrado, Claudio Pirozzi, Orlando Paciello, Teresa Bruna Pagano, Sergio Russo, Antonio Calignano, Giuseppina Mattace Raso, Rosaria Meli
Osteoporosis is a metabolic skeletal disease characterized by an imbalance between osteoclast-mediated bone resorption and osteoblast-mediated bone formation. We examined the beneficial effect of shock waves (SW) alone or in combination with raloxifene (RAL) on bone loss in ovariectomized rats (OVX). Sixteen weeks after surgery, OVX were treated for five weeks with SW at the antero-lateral side of the right hind leg, one session weekly, at 3 Hz (EFD of 0.33 mJ/mm2), or with RAL (5 mg/kg/die, per os) or with SW+RAL...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148862/sos-medium
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147588/porosity-predicted-from-ultrasound-backscatter-using-multivariate-analysis-can-improve-accuracy-of-cortical-bone-thickness-assessment
#14
Chibuzor T M Eneh, Isaac O Afara, Markus K H Malo, Jukka S Jurvelin, Juha Töyräs
A rapidly growing area of interest in quantitative ultrasound assessment of bone is to determine cortical bone porosity from ultrasound backscatter. Current backscatter analyses are based on numerical simulations, while there are no published reports of successful experimental measurements. In this study, multivariate analysis is applied to ultrasound reflections and backscatter to predict cortical bone porosity. The porosity is then applied to estimate cortical bone radial speed of sound (SOS) and thickness using ultrasound backscatter signals obtained at 2...
January 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139512/shikani-optical-stylet-versus-macintosh-laryngoscope-for-intubation-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-cervical-spondylosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Mao Xu, Xiao-Xi Li, Xiang-Yang Guo, Jun Wang
BACKGROUND: Airway management is critical in patients with cervical spondylosis, a population with a high incidence of difficult airway. Intubation with Shikani Optical Stylet (SOS) has become increasingly popular in difficult airway. We compared the effects of intubation with SOS versus Macintosh laryngoscope (MLS) in patients undergoing surgery for cervical spondylosis. METHODS: A total of 270 patients scheduled for elective surgery for cervical spondylosis of spinal cord and nerve root type from August 2012 to January 2016 were enrolled and randomly allocated to the MLS or SOS group by random numbers...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129783/the-self-help-online-against-suicidal-thoughts-sos-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Charlotte Mühlmann, Trine Madsen, Carsten Hjorthøj, Ad Kerkhof, Merete Nordentoft, Annette Erlangsen
BACKGROUND: Suicidal thoughts are common, causing distress for millions of people all over the world. However, people with suicidal thoughts might not access support due to financial restraints, stigma or a lack of available treatment offers. Self-help programs provided online could overcome these barriers, and previous efforts show promising results in terms of reducing suicidal thoughts. This study aims to examine the effectiveness of an online self-help intervention in reducing suicidal thoughts among people at risk of suicide...
January 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127657/computed-tomography-angiography-spot-sign-predicts-intraprocedural-aneurysm-rupture-in-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#17
Jan-Karl Burkhardt, Marian Christoph Neidert, Martin Nikolaus Stienen, Daniel Schöni, Christian Fung, Michel Roethlisberger, Marco Vincenzo Corniola, David Bervini, Rodolfo Maduri, Daniele Valsecchi, Sina Tok, Bawarjan Schatlo, Philippe Bijlenga, Karl Schaller, Oliver Bozinov, Luca Regli
INTRODUCTION: To analyze whether the computed tomography angiography (CTA) spot sign predicts the intraprocedural rupture rate and outcome in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). METHODS: From a prospective nationwide multicenter registry database, 1023 patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) were analyzed retrospectively. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis were used to compare spot sign-positive and -negative patients with aneurysmal intracerebral hemorrhage (aICH) for baseline characteristics, aneurysmal and ICH imaging characteristics, treatment and admission status as well as outcome at discharge and 1-year follow-up (1YFU) using the modified Rankin Scale (mRS)...
January 27, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125725/evaluation-of-genotoxic-and-mutagenic-activity-of-organic-extracts-from-drinking-water-sources
#18
Ying Guan, Xiaodong Wang, Minghung Wong, Guoping Sun, Taicheng An, Jun Guo, Guoxia Zhang
An increasing number of industrial, agricultural and commercial chemicals in the aquatic environment lead to various deleterious effects on organisms, which is becoming a serious global health concern. In this study, the Ames test and SOS/umu test were conducted to investigate the potential genotoxicity and mutagenicity caused by organic extracts from drinking water sources. Organic content of source water was extracted with XAD-2 resin column and organic solvents. Four doses of the extract equivalent to 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123580/effects-of-physical-activity-on-systemic-oxidative-dna-status-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#19
Barbara Tomasello, Giuseppe Antonio Malfa, Angela Strazzanti, Santi Gangi, Claudia Di Giacomo, Francesco Basile, Marcella Renis
Physical activity offers a paradoxical hormetic effect and a health benefit to cancer survivors; however, the biochemical mechanisms have not been entirely elucidated. Despite the well-documented evidence implicating oxidative stress in breast cancer, the association between health benefits and redox status has not been investigated in survivors who participate in dragon boating. The present study investigated the plasmatic systemic oxidative status (SOS) in breast cancer survivors involved in two distinct physical training exercises...
January 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116689/vegetation-phenology-gradients-along-the-west-and-east-coasts-of-greenland-from-2001-to-2015
#20
Mojtaba Karami, Birger Ulf Hansen, Andreas Westergaard-Nielsen, Jakob Abermann, Magnus Lund, Niels Martin Schmidt, Bo Elberling
The objective of this paper is to characterize the spatiotemporal variations of vegetation phenology along latitudinal and altitudinal gradients in Greenland, and to examine local and regional climatic drivers. Time-series from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) were analyzed to obtain various phenological metrics for the period 2001-2015. MODIS-derived land surface temperatures were corrected for the sampling biases caused by cloud cover. Results indicate significant differences between West and East Greenland, in terms of both observed phenology during the study period, as well as the climatic response...
February 2017: Ambio
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