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Lower extremity edema

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633746/extragenital-bullous-lichen-sclerosus-on-the-anterior-lower-extremities-report-of-a-case-and-literature-review
#1
Nichelle Arnold, Mitch Manway, Sean Stephenson, Howard Lipkin
Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a benign, chronic, inflammatory skin disease with a predilection for the anogenital region in women. Although males can also be affected, the ratio of female to male incidence has been reported to be as high as 6-10:1 and possesses a bimodal age distribution of pre-pubertal girls and postmenopausal women [1, 2]. Affected skin usually demonstrates polygonal papules that coalesce into porcelain white plaques and can be associated with edema, telangiectasias, and comedo-like plug formation [3]...
June 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617649/correlation-between-the-severity-of-subcutaneous-echo-free-space-and-the-amount-of-extracellular-fluid-determined-by-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-of-leg-edema
#2
Kotaro Suehiro, Noriyasu Morikage, Osamu Yamashita, Takasuke Harada, Makoto Samura, Yuriko Takeuchi, Takahiro Mizoguchi, Kaori Nakamura, Kimikazu Hamano
BACKGROUND: Both subcutaneous echo-free space (SEFS) observed by ultrasonography and the ratio of intracellular fluid resistance to extracellular fluid resistance (Ri/Re) calculated from bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) represent extracellular edema status in the extremities. We tried to correlate these parameters. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 70 legs with venous edema (VE) and 68 legs with lymphedema (LE), subcutaneous tissue ultrasonography to determine SEFS severity (range, 0-2) and BIA to calculate Ri/Re were performed...
June 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607332/massive-ischemic-stroke-due-to-pulmonary-barotrauma-and-cerebral-artery-air-embolism-during-commercial-air-travel
#3
Sara Farshchi Zarabi, Matteo Parotto, Rita Katznelson, James Downar
BACKGROUND Air embolism into the systemic arterial circulation secondary to pulmonary barotrauma has rarely been reported. Herein, we report the clinical course of an extremely rare presentation of cerebral air embolism likely due to ruptured pulmonary bullae during commercial air travel. CASE REPORT A 65-year-old man suddenly became unconscious during an airplane descent. Upon landing, he was immediately transferred to the nearest emergency department where he was intubated for airway protection. His head CT angiogram showed multiple air pockets in the right parietal lobe suspicious for multiple air emboli...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597681/mesenteric-portal-axis-thrombosis-and-deep-venous-thrombosis-in-a-patient-with-inferior-vena-cava-agenesis
#4
Laia Lluis Pons, Nadia Chahri Vizcarro, Silvia Llaverias Borrell, Carlos Miquel Abbad
Splenoportal axis thrombosis not associated with cirrhosis or neoplasms has a prevalence lower than 5 per 10,000 people. An etiologic factor responsible for portal thrombosis is finally identified in most cases, usually systemic thrombogenic factors or predisposing local factors. However, despite a detailed study of all etiologic factors, up to 30% of cases are eventually considered as idiopathic in origin. We report the case of a 41-year-old patient who presented with abdominal pain and lower extremity edema...
June 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588779/pancreatic-acinar-cell-carcinoma-presenting-with-panniculitis-successfully-treated-with-folfirinox-a-case-report
#5
Tomoyasu Yoshihiro, Kenta Nio, Kenji Tsuchihashi, Hiroshi Ariyama, Kenichi Kohashi, Nobuhiro Tsuruta, Fumiyasu Hanamura, Kyoko Inadomi, Mamoru Ito, Kosuke Sagara, Yuta Okumura, Michitaka Nakano, Shuji Arita, Hitoshi Kusaba, Yoshinao Oda, Koichi Akashi, Eishi Baba
Pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma (PACC) is a rare tumor of the exocrine pancreas, representing only 1% of all pancreatic malignancies. A 50-year-old man presented with edema of the thumb joints bilaterally, followed by an appearance of masses in the bilateral lower extremities and fever (38°C). The masses were diagnosed as panniculitis by skin biopsy, and multiple intraperitoneal masses were incidentally detected on pelvic magnetic resonance imaging performed to investigate the leg abnormalities. The patient was referred to the Kyushu University Hospital for further investigation, and fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (CT) revealed high-uptake tumors in the pancreatic tail, in the periphery of the liver, and in the pelvis...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585840/-postoperative-administration-of-octreotide-to-reduce-lymphorrhea-lymphocele-lymphedema-and-lymphatic-ascites-after-lymphadenectomy-in-gynecological-malignancies
#6
V Weinberger, L Minář, M Felsinger, D Seidlová, P Ovesná, M Bednaříková, E Jandáková, I Rovný
INTRODUCTION: Octreotide is a synthetic analogue of natural somatostatin. Octreotide effect on lymphorrhea reduction in gynecological malignancies has only been assessed in case studies. DESIGN: Original work. SETTING: Gynecologic Oncology Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University and University Hospital Brno. METHODS: In 2014 there was a prospective, randomized, one-institution study...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584663/clinical-pitfall-false-positive-aquaporin-4-igg-leading-to-misdiagnosis-of-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorder-in-patient-with-spinal-arteriovenous-fistula
#7
Suradech Suthiphosuwan, Jiwon Oh, Aditya Bharatha
INTRODUCTION: We report the cases of a 68-year-old male with a filum terminale arteriovenous fistula (AVF) who was initially misdiagnosed with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) based on imaging findings and false-positive aquaporin-4 IgG (AQP4-IgG). CASE PRESENTATION: A 68-year-old male presented with slowly progressive weakness and numbness in his bilateral lower extremities. He was initially diagnosed with NMOSD and treated with immunosuppressive therapy based on findings of extensive spinal cord edema on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and initial negative spinal angiography as well as positive AQP4-IgG...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580401/transient-osteoporosis-not-just-the-hip-to-worry-about
#8
Nicola Berman, Howard Brent, Gregory Chang, Stephen Honig
Transient osteoporosis (TO) is a clinical syndrome characterized by joint pain and the presence of bone marrow edema on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), both of which spontaneously resolve over time. Transient osteoporosis most commonly affects the hip, but also may involve other lower extremity sites. TO likely represents a disorder that may be monoarticular or "migratory" with involvement of two or more lower extremity sites sequentially affected over a number of months. We report on two cases of transient osteoporosis, one involving the knee and one involving the hip, demonstrating the utility of serial bone mineral density measurements at both sites...
December 2016: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570442/localized-arm-volume-index-a-new-method-for-body-type-corrected-evaluation-of-localized-arm-lymphedematous-volume-change
#9
Takumi Yamamoto, Nana Yamamoto, Hidehiko Yoshimatsu
BACKGROUND: Volume measurement is a common evaluation for upper extremity lymphedema. However, volume comparison between different patients with different body types may be inappropriate, and it is difficult to evaluate localized limb volume change using arm volume. METHODS: Localized arm volumes (Vk, k = 1-5) and localized arm volume indices (LAVIk) at 5 points (1, upper arm; 2, elbow; 3, forearm; 4, wrist; 5, hand) of 106 arms of 53 examinees with no arm edema were calculated based on physical measurements (arm circumferences and lengths and body mass index [BMI])...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559976/quantitative-photoacoustic-imaging-for-early-detection-of-muscle-ischemia-injury
#10
Liang Chen, Hengheng Ma, Hong Liu, Kangquan Shou, Xun Zheng, Quli Fan, Aixi Yu, Xiang Hu
Acute lower extremity ischemia is a limb-and life-threatening problem. The timing of clinical intervention is critical to achieving optimal outcomes. However, there has been a lack of effective techniques capable of evaluating muscle and limb damage. Microcirculatory injury is the initial pathological change during ischemic muscle injury. Here, we performed photoacoustic imaging (PAI) in real time to quantitatively detect the degree of microcirculatory injury of ischemic muscles in a rat model in which Evans blue (EB), which strongly binds to albumin in blood, was used as a nontoxic molecular PA probe...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526462/-sudden-motor-and-sensorial-loss-due-to-retroperitoneal-hematoma-during-postoperative-periods-a-case-report
#11
Pelin Şen, Havva Gül Gültekin, İsmail Caymaz, Ömer Özel, Ayda Türköz
A 68 year-old male patient was hospitalized for radical prostatectomy. He had no abnormal medical history including neurological deficit before the operation. Prior to general anesthesia, an epidural catheter was inserted in the L3-4 interspace for intraoperative and postoperative analgesia. After surgery for nine hours, he developed confusion and flaccid paralysis of bilateral lower extremities occurred. No pathology was detected from cranial computed tomography and diffusion magnetic resonance imaging no pathology was detected...
May 16, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496508/venoplasty-and-venous-stenting-in-patients-with-chronic-venous-insufficiency-in-the-lower-extremities
#12
Majid Moeini, Mohammad Reza Zafarghandi, Morteza Shahbandari, Azadeh Sayarifard, Morteza Taghavi, Javad Salimi, Pezhman Farshidmehr, Mohammad Hasani, Mohammad Reza Tobaei
Background: Venoplasty and stenting is a minimally invasive therapy that can be used for patients with deep venous insufficiency in the lower extremities. This study aimed at investigating the effect of venoplasty and venous stenting in patients with chronic venous insufficiency in the lower limbs. Methods: This prospective case-series study recruited patients with chronic deep venous insufficiency in the lower limbs candidated for venoplasty in the Vascular Clinic of Sina Hospital in Tehran, Iran. Venoplasty and stenting was done if the deep venous system in the lower extremities had stenosis or obstruction on venography...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486843/emergent-endovascular-repair-of-challenging-aortocaval-fistula-with-hostile-anatomy
#13
Yuewei Wang, Wenjuan Yu, Yongxin Li, Haofu Wang
Aortocaval fistula (ACF) is a rare complication. Endovascular repair is an option for this fatal condition. However, endoleak and persistent fistula may occur and lead to technical failure. We performed endovascular repair for 3 cases of challenging ACF with hostile anatomy. Patient 1 was an 80-year-old man who complained of abdominal distension and lower limb edema for 15 days. He had renal and cardiac dysfunction. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) showed an ACF and extreme tortuosity of right iliac artery...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473462/reliability-of-a-scoring-system-used-for-qualitative-evaluation-of-lymphoscintigraphic-imaging-of-lower-extremities
#14
Mojgan Ebrahim, Irina Savitcheva, Rimma Axelsson
Introduction: Lymphoscintigraphy is an imaging technique to diagnose and characterize the severity of edema in upper and lower extremities. In lymphoscintigraphy a scoring system can increase ability of diagnostic differentiation but the use of any scoring system requires sufficient reliability. AIM: To determine inter- and intraobserver reliability of a proposed scoring system used for visual interpretation of lymphoscintigraphic imaging of lower extremities. Materials and Methods: Lymphoscintigrams in 81 persons were randomly selected from our database for retrospective evaluation...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470578/acute-hemorrhagic-edema-of-infancy-the-experience-of-a-large-tertiary-pediatric-center-in-israel
#15
Limor Parker, Keren Shahar-Nissan, Liat Ashkenazi-Hoffnung, Liora Harel, Jacob Amir, Omer Trivizki, Efraim Bilavsky
BACKGROUND: Acute hemorrhagic edema of infancy (AHEI) is a rare leukocytoclastic vasculitis of the small vessels occurring at a young age and considered as a benign self-limited disease. Due to its low prevalence, there are limited data on the presentation and complications of this disease. METHODS: All computerized files of children who were hospitalized at a tertiary pediatric center due to AHEI over a 10 year period were reviewed. Clinical, laboratory and histopathological data were collected...
April 29, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469500/lung-adenocarcinoma-presenting-as-worsening-of-chronic-neck-pain-a-cautionary-tale
#16
Neeka N Akhavan, Tony S Brar, Edlira Maska
INTRODUCTION: Neck pain is a common musculoskeletal problem that up to 70% of the world population will experience at some point in their lives. Intramedullary spinal cord metastasis is an exceedingly rare complication of malignancy that affects less than 1% of all patients with cancer. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 61-year-old man who presented to primary care clinic with 1-month history of worsening neck pain with associated neurologic deficits. Despite initial conservative management, the patient continued to have progressive worsening of sensory and motor deficits...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414679/misses-opportunity-tof-diagnoses-in-4th-decade-of-life
#17
O Baniahmad, T Jarreau, A Johnson
CASE: A 40 year old woman with a history of HIV, congestive heart failure secondary to an unknown congenital heart defect, and hypertension presented to our emergency department with worsening edema. On room air, oxygen saturation was 55 percent . On 5L of oxygen via nasal cannula, oxygen saturation was 88 percent . Physical examination was notable for central cyanosis, facial and lid edema, a II/VI holosystolic murmur across right chest radiating to entire right back hemithorax, decreased breath sounds at bases with pulmonary crackles, clubbing of fingers and edema of bilateral lower extremities...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414672/a-strong-and-fortuitous-case-of-dyspnea
#18
R Hammer, M Sciaudone
CASE: A 48 year-old man with no past medical history was sent to our emergency department (ED); from a primary care clinic for hypertensive urgency of 200/130. The man reported an intermittent non-productive cough of approximately one year's duration and worsening dyspnea on exertion and orthopnea over the last month with lower extremity swelling. Of note, he emigrated from Honduras twenty years ago. Blood pressure normalized with administration of Lasix in the ED. Physical exam revealed rales in lung bases bilaterally, jugular venous distension, lower extremity pitting edema with serpiginous patches of erythema and excoriation, and a cardiac gallop...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414671/three-s-a-crowd-an-extremely-rare-case-of-cor-triatriatum-dexter
#19
A Elagizi, R Marvin, G O'Bryan, V Vyas, L Arcement
INTRODUCTION: Cor triatriatum is a congenital cardiac anomaly in which the left (sinister) or right (dexter) atrium is divided into two compartments by residual embryonic tissue, resulting in a tri-atrial heart. As cor triatriatum dextrum can present clinically in various ways and have multiple associated cardiac anomalies, this report attempts to contribute to what is known about this exceedingly rare disorder. CASE: A 40 year old Hispanic man with a medical history of gastritis presented with complaints of palpitations, dizziness and bilateral lower extremity edema...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393971/-mechanical-and-pharmacomechanical-trombolysis-in-deep-venous-thrombosis-with-no-clinical-response-to-conventional-treatment
#20
Leopoldo Marine, Jesús Urbina, Michel Bergoeing, Francisco Valdés, Renato Mertens, Albrecht Kramer
BACKGROUND: Conventional treatment of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is anticoagulation, bed rest and limb elevation. Proximal DVT patients with persisting edema, pain and cyanosis of extremities despite of conventional therapy may develop ischemia. Direct treatment of thrombosis becomes necessary. AIM: To report our experience with mechanical trombolysis of proximal lower extremity DVT. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records of proximal DVT patients treated with thrombolysis between March 2012 and August 2015...
January 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
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