keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

fractures treatment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545179/the-efficacy-of-meniscal-treatment-associated-with-lateral-tibial-plateau-fractures
#1
Hyun-Joo Park, Hui-Du Lee, Jin Ho Cho
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence of lateral meniscal tears associated with lateral tibial plateau fractures and report the clinical outcomes of meniscal treatment with internal fixation of fractures. Materials and Methods: All lateral tibial plateau fractures (Schatzker types II and III) in skeletally mature patients treated operatively at our institution between January 2010 and February 2016 were included. All patients underwent open reduction and internal fixation using a buttress plate or cancellous screws...
June 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544676/robotic-distal-locking-of-intramedullary-nailing-technical-description-and-cadaveric-testing
#2
Martin Panzica, Eduardo M Suero, Ralf Westphal, Musa Citak, Emmanouil Liodakis, Nael Hawi, Max Petri, Christian Krettek, Timo Stuebig
Interlocked intramedullary nailing is the treatment of choice for femoral shaft fractures. However, distal locking is a technically challenging part of the procedure that can result in distal femoral malrotation and high radiation exposure. We have tested a robotic procedure for robotic distal locking based on the computation of a drilling trajectory on two calibrated fluoroscopic images. Twenty distal holes were attempted in ten cadaveric femur specimens. Successful screw hole drilling was achieved at the first attempt in each of the ten specimens (20 drill holes in total)...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543940/greater-gains-in-spine-and-hip-strength-for-romosozumab-compared-to-teriparatide-in-postmenopausal-women-with-low-bone-mass
#3
T M Keaveny, D B Crittenden, M A Bolognese, H K Genant, K Engelke, B Oliveri, J P Brown, B L Langdahl, C Yan, A Grauer, C Libanati
Romosozumab is a monoclonal antibody that inhibits sclerostin and has been shown to reduce the risk of fractures within 12 months. In a Phase II, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial of treatment-naïve postmenopausal women with low bone mass, romosozumab increased BMD at the hip and spine by the dual effect of increasing bone formation and decreasing bone resorption. In a substudy of that trial, which included placebo and teriparatide arms, here we investigated whether those observed increases in BMD also resulted in improvements in estimated strength, as assessed by finite element analysis...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543599/optimization-of-screw-fixation-in-rat-bone-with-extracorporeal-shock-waves
#4
Marianne K E Koolen, Moyo C Kruyt, Amir A Zadpoor, F C Öner, Harrie Weinans, Olav P van der Jagt
Screw fixation in osteoporotic patients is becoming an increasing problem in orthopaedic surgery as deterioration of cortical and cancellous bone hamper biomechanical stability and screw fixation. This might result in delayed weight-bearing or failure of instrumentation. We hypothesized that local peri-operative shock wave treatment can optimize osseointegration and subsequent screw fixation. In eight female Wistar rats, two cancellous and two cortical bone screws were implanted in both femora and tibiae. Immediately after implantation, 3...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543367/successful-treatment-of-methicillin-susceptible-staphylococcus-aureus-osteomyelitis-with-oritavancin
#5
Dino J Delaportas, Sandy J Estrada, Matthew Darmelio
Staphylococcus aureus remains the most common causative pathogen in osteomyelitis. New or alternate therapies are often needed to adequately treat S. aureus infections in patients with drug allergies, treatment failures, or drug interactions. Oritavancin is a novel long-acting lipoglycopeptide approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2014 for the treatment of Acute Bacterial Skin and Skin Structure Infections (ABSSSI). With a terminal half-life of 8 to 10 days, oritavancin dosing regimens with infrequent parenteral administration now exist to treat infectious diseases such as osteomyelitis that would otherwise require daily dosing of intravenous antimicrobials for weeks; however clinical experience is lacking...
May 23, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542552/osteoporosis-associated-vertebral-fractures-health-economic-implications
#6
Julian Joestl, Nikolaus Lang, Adam Bukaty, Thomas M Tiefenboeck, Patrick Platzer
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis-associated vertebral fractures represent an increasing clinical and public health problem, one with important socioeconomic effects within western countries. The purpose of this study was to analyse demographic, medical, gender and socioeconomic aspects of osteoporotic vertebral fractures of the thoracic or lumbar spine over a period of at least 10-years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Included for analysis were 694 patients who had suffered a vertebral fracture due to primary or secondary osteoporosis, and who were treated at our Level-I trauma center between 2000 and 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541156/biomechanical-evaluation-of-two-plating-configurations-for-fixation-of-a-simple-transverse-caudal-mandibular-fracture-model-in-cats
#7
Christopher L Greiner, Frank J M Verstraete, Susan M Stover, Tanya C Garcia, Dustin Leale, Boaz Arzi
OBJECTIVE To evaluate biomechanical properties of intact feline mandibles, compared with those for mandibles with an experimentally created osteotomy that was stabilized with 1 of 2 internal fixation configurations. SAMPLE 20 mandibles from 10 adult feline cadavers. PROCEDURES An incomplete block study design was used to assign the mandibles of each cadaver to 2 of 3 groups (locking plate with locking screws [locking construct], locking plate with nonlocking screws [nonlocking construct], or intact). Within each cadaver, mandibles were randomly assigned to the assigned treatments...
June 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540998/impact-of-open-reduction-on-surgical-strategies-for-missed-monteggia-fracture-in-children
#8
Hoon Park, Kwang Won Park, Kun Bo Park, Hyun Woo Kim, Nam Kyu Eom, Dong Hoon Lee
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to review our cases of missed Monteggia fracture treated by open reduction of the radial head with or without ulnar osteotomy and to investigate the indications for open reduction alone in surgical treatment of missed Monteggia fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 22 patients who presented with missed Monteggia fracture. The patients' mean age at the time of surgery was 7.6 years. The mean interval from injury to surgery was 16...
July 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540566/-osteosynthesis-associated-infections-epidemiology-definition-and-diagnosis
#9
REVIEW
N Renz, S Feihl, C E Dlaska, M A Schütz, A Trampuz
Osteosynthesis-associated infections occur in 1-5% after closed and in up to 30% after open fractures. There are three different descriptions of implant-associated infections after fracture fixation, which are crucial for the selection of the adequate treatment strategy; temporal appearance from the index surgery (early versus late), pathogenesis of the infection (exogenous, hematogenous and contiguous from an adjacent focus), duration of infection symptoms (acute versus chronic). Diagnosis of osteosynthesis-associated infection is challenging, as chronic low-grade infections often present only with unspecific and subtle clinical symptoms...
May 24, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540506/assessing-the-feasibility-of-the-effectiveness-of-discontinuing-bisphosphonates-trial-a-pilot-study
#10
N C Wright, P J Foster, A S Mudano, J A Melnick, M E Lewiecki, W J Shergy, J R Curtis, G R Cutter, M I Danila, M L Kilgore, E C Lewis, S L Morgan, D T Redden, A H Warriner, K G Saag
The Effectiveness of Discontinuing Bisphosphonates (EDGE) study is a planned pragmatic clinical trial to guide "drug holiday" clinical decision making. This pilot study assessed work flow and feasibility of such a study. While participant recruitment and treatment adherence were suboptimal, administrative procedures were generally feasible and minimally disrupted clinic flow. INTRODUCTION: The comparative effectiveness of continuing or discontinuing long-term alendronate (ALN) on fractures is unknown...
May 24, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540152/epidemiological-clinical-and-microbiological-characteristics-of-patients-with-post-traumatic-osteomyelitis-of-limb-fractures-in-southwest-china-a-hospital-based-study
#11
Jiachen Peng, Youliang Ren, Wenbin He, Zhengdao Li, Jin Yang, Yi Liu, Zhonghui Zheng, Stephen L Kates, Edward M Schwarz, Chao Xie, Youjia Xu
Objective To determine the epidemiological, clinical and microbiological characteristics, of patients with post-traumatic osteomyelitis of extremity fractures, and provide evidence-based guidelines for early diagnosis and treatment, including empiric antibiotic therapy. Methods Human subject research was performed using institutional review board approved protocols. A retrospective chart review was conducted on 5,368 patients diagnosed with extremity traumatic fractures from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2015, to identify osteomyelitis patients...
2017: J Bone Jt Infect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540115/the-benefits-of-streamlined-hip-fracture-management-in-a-regional-hospital
#12
T C Mow, Jen Lukeis, A G Sutherland
INTRODUCTION: Hip fracture is an increasingly common injury in the growing elderly population. The morbidity and mortality associated with this injury can be reduced by minimizing delays to surgical treatment. We describe the impact of a regional hospital service redesign project that utilized the principles of smart simplicity, a management strategy that lays emphasis on collaboration to achieve desired goals. METHODS: Prior to the redesign, patients with hip fractures were taking an average of 72 hours for surgical treatment...
June 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539937/chlorhexidine-prevents-root-dentine-mineral-loss-and-fracture-caused-by-calcium-hydroxide-over-time
#13
Michael Ranniery Garcia Ribeiro, Érika Bárbara Abreu Fonseca Thomaz, Darlon Martins Lima, Tarcísio Jorge Leitão, José Bauer, Soraia De Fátima Carvalho Souza
Purpose. To evaluate the mineral ion loss of root dentine after treatment with 2% chlorhexidine solution (CHX) and to compare its yield and flexural strength (fs) after exposure to calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2]. Materials and Methods. Dentine bars (DB) were made from 90 roots of bovine incisors and randomized into three groups: GControl: distilled/deionized water (DDW), GNaOCl: 2.5% sodium hypochlorite + 17% EDTA, and GCHX: CHX + DDW. The release of phosphate (PO4) and calcium (Ca) ions was measured by spectrophotometry...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539854/the-effect-of-hydrofluoric-acid-surface-treatment-on-the-cyclic-fatigue-resistance-of-k3-niti-instruments
#14
Kee-Yeon Kum, Seok Woo Chang
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 50% hydrofluoric acid (HF) surface treatment on the cyclic fatigue resistance (CFR) of K3 NiTi instruments. Twenty as-received and twenty HF-treated K3 NiTi instruments were compared in CFR. The surface texture and fracture surface of two instrument groups were examined with a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Additionally, any change of Ni and Ti composition from both instrument groups was investigated using energy dispersive spectrometry. The results were analyzed with t-test...
2017: Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539165/drug-holidays-from-bisphosphonates-and-denosumab-in-postmenopausal-osteoporosis-emas-position-statement
#15
REVIEW
Panagiotis Anagnostis, Stavroula A Paschou, Gesthimani Mintziori, Iuliana Ceausu, Herman Depypere, Irene Lambrinoudaki, Alfred Mueck, Faustino R Pérez-López, Margaret Rees, Levent M Senturk, Tommaso Simoncini, John C Stevenson, Petra Stute, Florence A Trémollieres, Dimitrios G Goulis
BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonates and denosumab are used extensively in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Despite their proven efficacy in the reduction of vertebral and non-vertebral fractures, their optimal duration of use has not been determined. The occurrence of adverse effects, such as osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) and atypical femoral fractures (AFF), has raised the issue of bisphosphonate or denosumab discontinuation ("drug holiday") after a certain treatment period. AIM: To assess the effect of bisphosphonate and denosumab discontinuation on fracture risk, as well as its possible benefits in reducing the risk of adverse effects...
July 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538596/acute-and-hyper-acute-thoracolumbar-corpectomy-for-traumatic-burst-fractures-using-a-mini-open-lateral-approach
#16
William D Smith, Nick Ghazarian, Ginger Christian
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. OBJECTIVE: The study purpose was to examine the feasibility of acute (<24 hours) and hyper-acute (<8 hours) treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures to maintain or improve spinal injury scores. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Historically, treatment of spinal burst fractures within 24 hours from injury was considered an "acute" treatment timeframe. Patient polytrauma triage, multiple surgical specialty and hospital resource coordination affect time to treatment...
May 22, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538539/pain-and-analgesia-requirements-with-hip-fracture-surgery
#17
Jamie AʼCourt, Deborah Lees, William Harrison, Thomas Ankers, Mike R Reed
BACKGROUND: Hip hemiarthroplasty and dynamic hip screw (DHS) fixation are common procedures performed in trauma units, but there is little information regarding perioperative pain experience with respect to these treatment modalities. PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between pain, analgesia requirements, and type of procedure for hip fracture surgery. METHODS: An analysis was performed on consecutive patients presenting with a hip fracture in 2 hospitals over 2 years...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538458/continuous-femoral-nerve-catheters-decrease-opioid-related-side-effects-and-increase-home-disposition-rates-among-geriatric-hip-fracture-patients
#18
Diren Arsoy, Michael J Gardner, Derek F Amanatullah, James I Huddleston, Stuart B Goodman, William J Maloney, Julius A Bishop
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of continuous femoral nerve catheter (CFNC) for postoperative pain control in geriatric proximal femur fractures compared with standard analgesia (SA) treatment. DESIGN: Retrospective comparative study. SETTING: Academic Level 1 trauma center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: We retrospectively identified 265 consecutive geriatric hip fracture patients who underwent surgical treatment. INTERVENTION: One hundred forty-nine patients were treated with standard analgesia without nerve catheter whereas 116 patients received an indwelling CFNC...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538456/social-to-moderate-alcohol-consumption-provides-a-protective-effect-for-functional-outcomes-after-fixation-of-orthopaedic-fractures
#19
Hesham Saleh, Adam Driesman, Nina Fisher, Philipp Leucht, Sanjit Konda, Kenneth Egol
OBJECTIVES: To identify the association between social and moderate alcohol consumption and functional outcomes after surgical management of orthopaedic fractures. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Level 1 trauma center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Seven hundred eighty-four patients who were operatively treated for an isolated orthopaedic fracture were prospectively followed. Patients were categorized into groups according to self-reported drinking frequencies based on NIAAA guidelines...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538455/operative-fixation-for-clavicle-fractures-socioeconomic-differences-persist-despite-overall-population-increases-in-utilization
#20
William W Schairer, Benedict U Nwachukwu, Russell F Warren, David M Dines, Lawrence V Gulotta
BACKGROUND: Clavicle fractures were traditionally treated conservatively, but recent evidence has shown improved outcomes with surgical management. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the recent trends in operative treatment of clavicle fractures, and to analyze for patient related factors that may affect treatment strategy. METHODS: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) California and Florida inpatient, outpatient, and the Emergency Department databases were used to identify all patients with clavicle fractures between 2005 and 2010...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
keyword
keyword
85828
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"