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trauma brain frontal hemorrhage prognosis child

Ravi K Garg, Ahmed M Afifi, Jennifer Gassner, Michael J Hartman, Glen Leverson, Timothy W King, Michael L Bentz, Lindell R Gentry
PURPOSE: The broad spectrum of frontal bone fractures, including those with orbital and skull base extension, is poorly understood. We propose a novel classification scheme for frontal bone fractures. METHODS: Maxillofacial CT scans of trauma patients were reviewed over a five year period, and frontal bone fractures were classified: Type 1: Frontal sinus fracture without vertical extension. Type 2: Vertical fracture through the orbit without frontal sinus involvement...
May 2015: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
D Woischneck, T Kapapa, C Grimm, M Skalej, B Schmitz, N Blumstein, R Firsching
BACKGROUND: Cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed in 250 patients who had been unconscious post-trauma for at least 24 hours. The frequency and the characteristics of injuries to the upper cervical myelon were determined. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1996 and 2009, MRI was carried out within 8 days of trauma. RESULTS: No lesions of the upper cervical medulla were found without accompanying damage to the medulla oblongata...
October 2011: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Gregory S Aaen, Barbara A Holshouser, Clare Sheridan, Cherie Colbert, Melinda McKenney, Daniel Kido, Stephen Ashwal
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) findings for children with traumatic brain injury attributable to nonaccidental trauma (NAT) early after injury, to determine whether brain metabolite changes predicted outcomes. METHODS: Proton MRSI (1.5 T) was performed (mean: 5 days after injury [range: 1-30 days]) through the level of the corpus callosum for 90 children with confirmed NAT. Regional N-acetylaspartate/total creatine, N-acetylaspartate/total choline, and choline/creatine ratios and the presence of lactate were measured...
February 2010: Pediatrics
Luc Breysem, V Cossey, E Mussen, P Demaerel, W Van de Voorde, M Smet
The purpose of this paper is to describe brain pathology in neonates after major traffic trauma in utero during the third trimester. Our patient cohort consisted of four neonates born by emergency cesarean section after car accident in the third trimester of pregnancy. The median gestational age ( n=4) was 36 weeks (range: 30-38). Immediate post-natal and follow-up brain imaging consisted of cranial ultrasound ( n=4), computed tomography (CT) ( n=1) and post-mortem magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ( n=1). Pathology findings were correlated with the imaging findings ( n=3)...
September 2004: European Radiology
A Laurent-Vannier, G Fadda, P Laigle, A Dusser, V Leroy-Malherbe
We report the case of a traumatic Foix-Chavany-Marie syndrome (SFMC) which is the cortico-subcortical type of suprabulbar palsy. A 10-year-old boy was brain injured in a traffic accident in August 1996. He was found comatous (initial GCS = 6) without any focal neurological deficit. The hemodynamic situation was stable even though he presented two wounds of the scalp and a hemoperitoneum that required intensive perfusions. The initial CT scan elicited a frontal fracture, ischemo hemorrhagic lesions of the right frontopolar and anterior temporal cortex...
May 1999: Revue Neurologique
B Pohlmann-Eden, J Bruckmeir
OBJECTIVES: The goal of our study was to identify clinical, neurophysiological and neuroradiological variables in severe head trauma (SHT) with predictive value for posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE) and to evaluate the influence of each risk factor for the dynamics of epilepsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We systematically compared 57 PTE patients with 50 age and sex-matched control patients with SHT and no PTE. Mean follow-up was 8 years. RESULTS: Of all PTE-patients 68...
May 1997: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
C Mazza, A Pasqualin, G Feriotti, R Da Pian
Sixty-two children with traumatic extradural haematomas are considered According to the clinical history presented--often atypical--and to the grade of neurological impairment, patients have been divided into different clinical groups. Nearly 50% of patients sustained a minor injury, and 26% did not lose consciousness after trauma. Twenty-four per cent of patients did not show fractures on skull X-rays. Atypical location of the haematoma was noted in 22 cases, mainly in the anterior fossa (19 cases). Sixty patients were operated on, while two patients were conservatively treated, owing to the limited size of the haematomas and to the absence of neurological deficits...
1982: Acta Neurochirurgica
H Kretschmer
56 traumatic intracerebral haemorrhages were surgically treated within a period of 3 years. In most cases, they were dur to severe craniocerebral traumas, often (in 71,4% of the patients) combined with calvarial fractures. The average age was 44,7 years, and the sex distribution male : female = 4:1. The temporal and frontal regions were the preferential sites in approximately equal incidence. Depending sites in approximately equal incidence. Depending upon the rapidity of the clinical course, acute haematomas are different from the sub-acute ones (12-hours limit); both groups differ from each other especially with regard to the prognosis involved...
June 1981: Aktuelle Traumatologie
S Nakazawa, S Kobayashi, H Yokota, T Shimura
There is increasing evidence from human and experimental studies that the most important factor governing the outcome in head injury is the severity of diffuse axonal injuries. The authors have experienced 18 cases of severe diffuse axonal injury which showed post-traumatic coma for more than 24 hours and CT findings resembling those of shearing injuries of the cerebral white matter such as have been presented by Zimmerman et al. (1978). The consciousness levels on admission were 6 or less on the Glasgow Coma Scale and all cases were shown clinically to have primary brain stem injury...
March 1989: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
P N Jayakumar, V R Kolluri, D G Basavakumar, B Y Arya, B S Das
Traumatic intraventricular haemorrhage (TVH) is rare. The clinical profile and prognosis in 16 patients with traumatic intraventricular haemorrhage after blunt head injury are evaluated. Majority of the patients (94%) had low Glasgow coma score (less than 8) on admission and none had a lucid interval. CT showed haematoma adjacent to the foramen of Monroe in 5 patients and localised to the frontal horn or the body of the lateral ventricle in six. The mortality was 62.5% in this subgroup of patients with head injury...
1990: Acta Neurochirurgica
T Mizunari
Clinical signs, skull X-P, computerized tomography (CT), continuous monitoring of intracranial pressure (ICP), and serial recording of auditory brainstem response (ABR) were examined in 22 cases of traumatic posterior fossa hematoma. Fifteen of the patients were male and seven were female. Their ages ranged from 3 to 86 years old (mean 35.2 years). The causes of the head injuries were traffic accidents in 13 cases and falls in 9 cases. The site of cranial impact was occipital in all cases but one. Sagittal impact was most common and skull fractures were found in the occipital regions in 19 cases...
August 1990: Nihon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
E Facco, M Munari, B Donà, F Baratto, D Fiore, A U Behr, G Giron
The aim of this study is to evaluate whether SEP spatial mapping can improve outcome prediction in comparison to the conventional SEP recordings. Twenty patients comatose as a result of head injury or cerebral vascular disorders were submitted to 19-channel SEP mapping from median nerve stimulation. SEP recording were performed within the 4th hospital day in 18 cases and over one month from the insult in the remaining two. Nine patients (45%) showed a good recovery or a mild disability, 3 (15%) a severe disability and the rest (40%) died or remained in a vegetative state...
1991: Brain Topography
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