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Hongliang Liu, Lingzhi Wang, Qiang Zeng, Liang Zhao, Yushan Cui, Changchun Hou, Bin Zhang, Zushan Zhang, Shun Zhang, Xuemin Chen, Aiguo Wang
Excessive iodide could induce intellectual damage in children, which has attracted broad attention. To investigate the neurotoxic effect of iodide and its mechanism, a human dopaminergic neuroblastoma cell line (SH-SY5Y) was treated with different concentrations of potassium iodide (KI). The results showed that excessive iodide could decrease cell viability, reduce glutathione (GSH) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), and increase the degree of autophagy (by changing the cellular ultrastructure and raising the autophagy-related mRNA and protein expression of LC3, Beclin1, and p62), which were correlated with the immunofluorescence labeling...
June 19, 2018: Environmental Toxicology
Shunshun Pan, Xuming Deng, Shili Sun, Xingfei Lai, Lingli Sun, Qiuhua Li, Limin Xiang, Lingzhi Zhang, Yahui Huang
The effects of certain tea components on the prevention of obesity in humans have been reported recently. However, whether Yinghong NO. 9 black tea consumption has beneficial effects on obesity are not known. Here, we obtained a Yinghong NO. 9 black tea infusion (Y9 BTI) and examined the anti-obesity effects of its oral administration. ICR mice were fed a standard diet supplemented with Y9 BTI at 0.5, 1.0, or 2.0 g/kg body weight for two weeks, and the body weight were recorded. HE staining was used to evaluate the effect of Y9 BTI on mice liver...
June 19, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
Jian Wang, Jiaoyan Tan, Qi Qi, Lingzhi Yang, Yanhong Wang, Chunlei Zhang, Linyong Hu, Hong Chen, Xingtang Fang
MicroRNAs are endogenous, small non-coding RNAs that can play critical gene-regulatory roles during skeletal muscle development and are highly conserved. miR-487b-3p is expressed in muscle, and the detailed mechanism by which it regulates myoblast proliferation and differentiation has not been explored. Here, we found that miR-487b-3p expression was significantly higher in goat muscle tissues than in other tissues and was higher in fetal goat muscle tissues than in mature goat tissues, suggesting that miR-487b-3p has an important effect on skeletal muscle myogenesis...
2018: International Journal of Biological Sciences
Xiaobao Wei, Xingfeng Shao, Yingying Wei, Lingzhi Cheong, Leiqing Pan, Kang Tu
Peony seed oil has recently been introduced as a high-quality food oil. Because the high price of peony seed oil may tempt unscrupulous merchants to dilute it with cheaper substitutes, a rapid detection method for likely adulterants is required. In this study, the fatty acid composition of peony seed oil and four less expensive edible oils (soybean oil, corn oil, sunflower oil, and rapeseed oil) were measured by gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Peony oil adulterated by other edible oils was assessed using iodine values to estimate the extent of adulteration...
June 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Rong Ou, Yueming Shen, Ya Zeng, Lingzhi Zou, Na Jiang, Meihua Xu
To explore the role of Pim-1 in the pathology of inflammatory bowel disease and the potential effect of Pim-1 inhibitor on treating such disease.
 Methods: Forty-five BALB/c mice were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=9): A normal control group, a inflammatory bowel disease group, two different dose of Pim-1 inhibitor treatment groups, and steroidhormone treatment group. The model of inflammatory bowel disease was induced by intracolonic administration of 2, 4, 6-trinitrobenzenestdfonic acid (TNBS) and ethanol mixture...
May 28, 2018: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Paul A Insel, Krishna Sriram, Shu Z Wiley, Andrea Wilderman, Trishna Katakia, Thalia McCann, Hiroshi Yokouchi, Lingzhi Zhang, Ross Corriden, Dongling Liu, Michael E Feigin, Randall P French, Andrew M Lowy, Fiona Murray
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), the largest family of targets for approved drugs, are rarely targeted for cancer treatment, except for certain endocrine and hormone-responsive tumors. Limited knowledge regarding GPCR expression in cancer cells likely has contributed to this lack of use of GPCR-targeted drugs as cancer therapeutics. We thus undertook GPCRomic studies to define the expression of endoGPCRs (which respond to endogenous molecules such as hormones, neurotransmitters and metabolites) in multiple types of cancer cells...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Haitao Li, Jianping Jia, Wei Wang, Tingting Hou, Yuanruhua Tian, Qiaoqi Wu, Lingzhi Xu, Yiping Wei, Xiu Wang
Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that mitochondrial dysfunction is a prominent early event in the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Whether protecting mitochondrial function can reduce amyloid-β oligomer (AβO)-induced neurotoxicity in PS1V97L transgenic mice remains unknown. In this study, we examined the possible protective effects of honokiol (HKL) on mitochondrial dysfunction induced by AβOs in neurons, and cognitive function in AD PS1V97Ltransgenic mice. We determined that HKL increased mitochondrial sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) expression levels and activity, which in turn markedly improved ATP production and weakened mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Qianqian Luo, Lingzhi Ding, Nianjiao Zhang, Zhenglin Jiang, Chunyi Gao, Lihua Xue, Bin Peng, Guohua Wang
BACKGROUND: Demyelination is the end product of numerous pathological processes, and also is one of the main causes of neurological disability in Multiple sclerosis (MS). Research into the pathogenesis of MS is hampered by the conventional rodent models' inability to produce stable demyelination. NEW METHOD: Focal demyelinating lesions were stereotactically targeted to the corpus callosum with a two-point injection of lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC-2) in mice. Three groups were analyzed (n = 8, each) and water maze, sensorimotor test, and compound action potential were included in functional tests...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
Dan Wang, Shaoyong Li, Dominic J Gessler, Jun Xie, Li Zhong, Jia Li, Karen Tran, Kim Van Vliet, Lingzhi Ren, Qin Su, Ran He, Jason E Goetzmann, Terence R Flotte, Mavis Agbandje-McKenna, Guangping Gao
Adeno-associated virus (AAV) has provided the gene therapy field with the most powerful in vivo gene delivery vector to realize safe, efficacious, and sustainable therapeutic gene expression. Because many clinically relevant properties of AAV-based vectors are governed by the capsid, much research effort has been devoted to the development of AAV capsids for desired features. Here, we combine AAV capsid discovery from nature and rational engineering to report an AAV9 capsid variant, designated as AAV9.HR, which retains AAV9's capability to traverse the blood-brain barrier and transduce neurons...
June 15, 2018: Molecular Therapy. Methods & Clinical Development
Muthu K Shanmugam, Hongyuan Shen, Feng Ru Tang, Frank Arfuso, Mohanraj Rajesh, Lingzhi Wang, Alan Prem Kumar, Bian Jinsong, Goh Boon Cher, Anupam Bishayee, Gautam Sethi
Genipin, an aglycone derived from the iridoid glycoside, geniposide, is isolated and characterized from the extract of Gardenia jasminoides Ellis fruit (family Rubiaceae). It has long been used in traditional oriental medicine for the prevention and treatment of several inflammation driven diseases, including cancer. Genipin has been shown to have hepatoprotective activity acting as a potent antioxidant and inhibitor of mitochondrial uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2), and also reported to exert significant anticancer effects...
May 11, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Lin Shi, Caijun Tian, Lingzhi Sun, Feifei Cao, Zhaoyang Meng
Vascular remodeling is a characteristic pathological feature of hypertension, it can cause of increasing vascular resistance and decrease of compliance. Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMCs) dysfunction is the important foundation of vascular remodeling. Increasing evidences have revealed that lncRNA is an important regulatory factor of VSMC function. In this paper, we explored the function of lncRNA TUG1 in vascular remodeling of hypertension. Here, we found that lncRNA TUG1 was highly expressed in aorta of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) rats and promoted the proliferation and migration of VSMCs (SHR-VSMCs)...
June 27, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Qiong Huang, Tong Bu, Wentao Zhang, Lingzhi Yan, Mengyue Zhang, Qingfeng Yang, Lunjie Huang, Baowei Yang, Na Hu, Yourui Suo, Jianlong Wang, Daohong Zhang
Immunochromatographic assays (ICAs) are most frequently used for on-site rapid screening of clenbuterol. To improve sensitivity, a novel probe with bacteria as signal carriers was developed. Bacteria can load a great deal of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) on their surface, meaning much fewer antibodies are needed to produce clearly visible results, although low concentrations of antibody could also trigger fierce competition between free analyte and the immobilized antigen. Thus, a limited number of antibodies was key to significantly improved sensitivity...
October 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Lingzhi Yan, Leina Dou, Tong Bu, Qiong Huang, Rong Wang, Qingfeng Yang, Lunjie Huang, Jianlong Wang, Daohong Zhang
We presented a signal amplified lateral flow assay (LFA) based on magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs) labeled dual-probe and applied it in the high sensitive and rapid on-site detection of furazolidone metabolite of 3-amino-2-oxazolidinone (AOZ). The amplified signal benefited from high affinity between two probes of MNPs labeled murine monoclonal antibody (MNPs-MAb) and goat anti-mouse antibody (MNPs-GAMA) and was achieved by the generation of dual-probe network complex. This developed method could realize high sensitive detection of AOZ with a threshold value of 0...
September 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
Gao Zhan, Ge Wenhua, Hu Jie, Qu Xiang, Chen Lingzhi, Xia Xue, Chen Xing-Xing, Zhu Qianli, Huang Weijian, Zhou Hao
AIMS: Atrial fibrillation is the most common heart disease. Previous research has found that several members of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family are involved. However, the role of the most recently discovered member of the MMP family, MMP-28, has not been fully investigated. The present study aimed to reveal the role of MMP-28 in atrial fibrillation. MAIN METHODS: 254 patients with sinus rhythm, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, or persistent atrial fibrillation were enrolled in this prospective observational study...
May 2, 2018: Life Sciences
Aleksandra Sknepnek, Milena Pantić, Danka Matijašević, Dunja Miletić, Steva Lević, Viktor Nedović, Miomir Niksic
Kombucha is a nonalcoholic beverage traditionally made by fermenting black tea using a combination of yeast and acetic acid bacteria (AAB) cultures. Ganoderma lucidum hot water extract (HWE) was used-to our knowledge for the first time-to prepare a novel, health-promoting kombucha product. During the 11-day fermentation, pH, total acidity, and the numbers of yeasts and AAB were monitored. It was found that sweetened G. lucidum HWE was a good medium for yeast and AAB growth. The desired acidity for the beverage was reached on the second day (3 g/L) of the fermentation process; the maximum established acidity was 22...
2018: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Mengyuan Wang, Lingzhi Kong, Changxin Zhang, Xihong Wu, Liang Li
This study examines whether speech rhythm affects speech recognition under "cocktail-party" conditions. Against a two-talker masker, but not a speech-spectrum noise masker, recognition of the last (third) keyword in a normal rhythmic sentence was significantly better than that of the first keyword. However, this word-position-related speech-recognition improvement disappeared for rhythmically hybrid target sentences that were constructed by grouping parts from different sentences with different artificially modulated rhythms (rates) (fast, normal, or slow)...
April 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Pengjiao Zeng, Zhihua Guo, Xuan Zeng, Cui Hao, Yiran Zhang, Meng Zhang, Yong Liu, Hui Li, Juan Li, Lijuan Zhang
Ganoderma lucidum is an edible medicinal mushroom known as "Lingzhi" in China and "Reishi or Manetake" in Japan. It is a highly prized vitality-enhancing herb for more than 2000 years. G. lucidum polysaccharide (GLPS) has been identified as one of the major bioactive components and developed into a drug named "Ji 731 Injection" in China since 1973. The large-scale production of the drug began in 1985 and approved by the Chinese FDA as "Polysaccharidum of G. lucidum Karst Injection" (Ling Bao Duo Tang Zhu She Ye) in 2000, which is applied intramuscularly...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Toshinori Nakagawa, Qinchang Zhu, Sonam Tamrakar, Yhiya Amen, Yasuhiro Mori, Hiroto Suhara, Shuhei Kaneko, Hiroko Kawashima, Kotaro Okuzono, Yoshiyuki Inoue, Koichiro Ohnuki, Kuniyoshi Shimizu
Ganoderma lingzhi is a traditional medicinal mushroom, and its extract contains many bioactive compounds. Triterpenoids and polysaccharides are the primary bioactive components that contribute to its medicinal properties. In this study, we quantified 18 triterpenoids, total triterpenoid content and total polysaccharide content in the ethanol and water extracts of G. lingzhi at different growth stages. Triterpenoids were quantified by liquid chromatograph-tandem mass spectrometry in the multiple-reaction-monitoring mode...
June 2018: Journal of Natural Medicines
Li-Feng Li, Hong-Bing Liu, Quan-Wei Zhang, Zhi-Peng Li, Tin-Long Wong, Hau-Yee Fung, Ji-Xia Zhang, Su-Ping Bai, Ai-Ping Lu, Quan-Bin Han
Both Ganoderma lucidum (GL) and G. sinense (GS) are used as Lingzhi in China. Their functions are assumed to mainly derive from triterpenes and polysaccharides; however, the two species have very different triterpenes profiles, if this was the case, then the bioactivity of these two species should differ. Instead, could the polysaccharides be similar, contributing to the shared therapeutic basis? In this study, two main polysaccharide fractions from different batches of GL and GS were systematically compared by a series of chemical and biological experiments...
April 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
Nicholas L Syn, Pei Li Lim, Li Ren Kong, Lingzhi Wang, Andrea Li-Ann Wong, Chwee Ming Lim, Thomas Kwok Seng Loh, Gerhard Siemeister, Boon Cher Goh, Wen-Son Hsieh
In addition to their canonical roles in regulating cell cycle transition and transcription, cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) have been shown to coordinate DNA damage response pathways, suggesting a rational pairing of CDK inhibitors with genotoxic chemotherapeutic agents in the treatment of human malignancies. Here, we report that roniciclib (BAY1000394), a potent pan-CDK inhibitor, displays promising anti-neoplastic activity as a single agent and potentiates cisplatin lethality in preclinical nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) models...
2018: Signal Transduction and Targeted Therapy
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