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Haiyan Zhao, Estefania Fernandez, Kimberly A Dowd, Scott D Speer, Derek J Platt, Matthew J Gorman, Jennifer Govero, Christopher A Nelson, Theodore C Pierson, Michael S Diamond, Daved H Fremont
Zika virus (ZIKV) infection during pregnancy has emerged as a global public health problem because of its ability to cause severe congenital disease. Here, we developed six mouse monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against ZIKV including four (ZV-48, ZV-54, ZV-64, and ZV-67) that were ZIKV specific and neutralized infection of African, Asian, and American strains to varying degrees. X-ray crystallographic and competition binding analyses of Fab fragments and scFvs defined three spatially distinct epitopes in DIII of the envelope protein corresponding to the lateral ridge (ZV-54 and ZV-67), C-C' loop (ZV-48 and ZV-64), and ABDE sheet (ZV-2) regions...
August 11, 2016: Cell
Joan A Caylà, Ángela Domínguez, Elena Rodríguez Valín, Fernando de Ory, Ana Vázquez, Claudia Fortuny
Infection with Zika virus (ZV) has become a new epidemic, with great impact on the media, and is having a strong effect in Latin American countries. Its possible association with microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome prompted the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare on 1 February 2016 that this epidemic is a public health emergency of international concern. Epidemiological data show an increasing incidence in countries like Brazil and Colombia, and that the epidemic is still expanding in many other countries...
July 26, 2016: Gaceta Sanitaria
C Echevarria-Bonet, D P Rojas, J I Espeso, J Rodríguez Fernández, M de la Fuente Rodríguez, L Fernández Barquín, L Rodríguez Fernández, P Gorria, J A Blanco, M L Fdez-Gubieda, E Bauer, F Damay
The structural state and static and dynamic magnetic properties of TbCu2 nanoparticles are reported to be produced by mechanical milling under inert atmosphere. The randomly dispersed nanoparticles as detected by TEM retain the bulk symmetry with an orthorhombic Imma lattice and Tb and Cu in the 4e and 8h positions, respectively. Rietveld refinements confirm that the milling produces a controlled reduction of particle sizes reaching ≃6 nm and an increase of the microstrain up to ≃0.6%. The electrical resistivity indicates a metallic behavior and the presence of a magnetic contribution to the electronic scattering which decreases with milling times...
December 16, 2015: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Myron J Levin, Kenneth E Schmader, Lei Pang, Angela Williams-Diaz, Gary Zerbe, Jennifer Canniff, Michael J Johnson, Yupanqui Caldas, Alice Cho, Nancy Lang, Shu-Chih Su, Janie Parrino, Zoran Popmihajlov, Adriana Weinberg
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster vaccine (ZV) was administered as a second dose to 200 participants ≥ 70 years old who had received a dose of ZV ≥ 10 years previously (NCT01245751). METHODS: Varicella zoster virus (VZV) antibody titers (measured by a VZV glycoprotein-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay [gpELISA]) and levels of interferon γ (IFN-γ) and interleukin 2 (IL-2; markers of VZV-specific cell-mediated immunity [CMI], measured by means of ELISPOT analysis) in individuals aged ≥ 70 years who received a booster dose of ZV were compared to responses of 100 participants aged 50-59 years, 100 aged 60-69 years, and 200 aged ≥ 70 years who received their first dose of ZV...
January 1, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Shamsul Akmar Ab Aziz, Mohd Zaki Nuawi, Mohd Jailani Mohd Nor
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to present a new method for determination of hand-arm vibration (HAV) in Malaysian Army (MA) three-tonne truck steering wheels based on changes in vehicle speed using regression model and the statistical analysis method known as Integrated Kurtosis-Based Algorithm for Z-Notch Filter Technique Vibro (I-kaz Vibro). METHODOLOGY: The test was conducted for two different road conditions, tarmac and dirt roads. HAV exposure was measured using a Brüel & Kjær Type 3649 vibration analyzer, which is capable of recording HAV exposures from steering wheels...
2015: Journal of Occupational Health
Hans Klompen, Ma Magdalena Vázquez, Leopoldo Ferreira de Oliveira Bernardi
In order to study homology among the major lineages of the mite (super)order Parasitiformes, developmental patterns in Opilioacarida are documented, emphasizing morphology of the earliest, post-embryonic instars. Developmental patterns are summarized for all external body structures, based on examination of material in four different genera. Development includes an egg, a 6-legged prelarva and larva, three 8-legged nymphal instars, and the adults, for the most complete ontogenetic sequence in Parasitiformes...
October 2015: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Elisabeth J Cohen
Herpes zoster (HZ) is caused by reactivation of latent varicella zoster virus (VZV) in people who have had chicken pox, usually resulting in a painful, unilateral, dermatomal, vesicular rash. Herpes zoster ophthalmicus occurs when the first division of cranial nerve V is involved. HZ is common, with approximately 1 million new cases per year in the United States, and occurs in 1 in 3 persons. Although the rate of HZ increases with age, over half of all cases occur under the age of 60 years. Complications of herpes zoster ophthalmicus include eye disease, postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), and strokes...
October 2015: Cornea
Berenice Venegas-Meneses, José Francisco Padilla, Claudia Elvira Juárez, José Luis Morán, Carolina Morán, Nora Hilda Rosas-Murrieta, Anabella Handal, Roberto Domínguez
Hormonal and neural signals regulate the ovarian follicular development. The present study's hypothesis is that the blockade of ovarian dopamine receptors locally will affect follicle development and ovulation. Groups of adult 4-day cyclic rats of the CII-ZV strain on estrus, diestrus-1, diestrus-2, or proestrus day were injected with vehicle, haloperidol (DA2 > DA1 blocker), sulpiride (DA2 blocker), or SCH-23390 (DA1 blocker) into the bursa of both ovaries at 08:00, 13:00, or 20:00 h. Animals were sacrificed the following predicted estrus day...
December 2015: Endocrine
Elisabeth J Cohen, Jason Kessler
Herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) is a common, vision and potentially life-threatening disease caused by the reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) in the distribution of the first division of cranial nerve V. Although the rate of herpes zoster increases with age, over half of the people with zoster in general, including HZO, are under age 60. In addition, over 90% of people with zoster are immunocompetent, even though the disease is more common and severe in immunocompromised patients. The incidence of zoster is increasing worldwide for unknown reasons...
January 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Amy F Russell, Janie Parrino, Chester L Fisher, Wolfgang Spieler, Jon E Stek, Kathleen E Coll, Shu-Chih Su, Jin Xu, Xiaoming Li, Katia Schlienger, Jeffrey L Silber
BACKGROUND: This randomized, placebo-controlled study assessed the safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of live virus zoster vaccine (ZV) in individuals receiving chronic/maintenance systemic corticosteroid therapy (daily dose equivalent of 5-20mg prednisone) for ≥2 weeks prior to vaccination and ≥6 weeks postvaccination. METHODS: Subjects were followed for adverse experiences (AEs), exposure to varicella or herpes zoster (HZ), or development of varicella/varicella-like or HZ/HZ-like rashes for 42 days postvaccination (primary safety follow-up period) and for serious AEs (SAEs) through Day 182 postvaccination (secondary follow-up period)...
June 17, 2015: Vaccine
Zhengyi Xu, Jianming Wei, Bo Zhang, Weijun Yang
This paper proposes a robust zero velocity (ZV) detector algorithm to accurately calculate stationary periods in a gait cycle. The proposed algorithm adopts an effective gait cycle segmentation method and introduces a Bayesian network (BN) model based on the measurements of inertial sensors and kinesiology knowledge to infer the ZV period. During the detected ZV period, an Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) is used to estimate the error states and calibrate the position error. The experiments reveal that the removal rate of ZV false detections by the proposed method increases 80% compared with traditional method at high walking speed...
2015: Sensors
Gyati Shilakari Asthana, Abhay Asthana, Dharm Veer Kohli, Suresh Prasad Vyas
The therapeutic potential of antisense oligonucleotides (ASODN) is primarily dependent upon its safe and efficient delivery to specific cells overcoming degradation and maximizing cellular uptake in vivo. The present study focuses on designing mannosylated low molecular weight (LMW) chitosan nanoconstructs for safe ODNs delivery by macrophage targeting. Mannose groups were coupled with LMW chitosan and characterized spectroscopically. Mannosylated chitosan ODN nanoparticles (MCHODN NPs) were formulated by self-assembled method using various N/P ratio (moles of amine groups of MCH to phosphate moieties of ODNs) and characterized for gel retardation assay, physicochemical characteristics, cytotoxicity and transfection efficiency, and antisense assay...
2014: BioMed Research International
Peter B Gilbert, Erin E Gabriel, Xiaopeng Miao, Xiaoming Li, Shu-Chih Su, Janie Parrino, Ivan S F Chan
BACKGROUND: The phase III Zostavax Efficacy and Safety Trial of 1 dose of licensed zoster vaccine (ZV; Zostavax; Merck) in 50-59-year-olds showed approximately 70% vaccine efficacy (VE) to reduce the incidence of herpes zoster (HZ). An objective of the trial was to assess immune response biomarkers measuring antibodies to varicella zoster virus (VZV) by glycoprotein-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay as correlates of protection (CoPs) against HZ. METHODS: The principal stratification vaccine efficacy curve framework for statistically evaluating immune response biomarkers as CoPs was applied...
November 15, 2014: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Y Li, E Tesselaar, J B Borges, S H Böhm, F Sjöberg, B Janerot-Sjöberg
BACKGROUND: The way in which hyperoxia affects pulmonary ventilation and perfusion is not fully understood. We investigated how an increase in oxygen partial pressure in healthy young volunteers affects pulmonary ventilation and perfusion measured by thoracic electrical impedance tomography (EIT). METHODS: Twelve semi-supine healthy male volunteers aged 21-36 years were studied while breathing room air and air-oxygen mixtures (FiO2) that resulted in predetermined transcutaneous oxygen partial pressures (tcPO2) of 20, 40 and 60 kPa...
July 2014: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
I Vass, D J Chapman, J Barber
Formation of thermoluminescence signals is characteristics of energy- and charge storage in Photosystem II. In isolated D1/D2/cytochrome b-559 Photosystem II reaction centre preparation four thermoluminescence components were found. These appear at -180 (Z band), between -80 and -50 (Zv band), at -30 and at +35°C. The Z band arises from pigment molecules but not correlated with photosynthetic activity. The Zv and -30°C bands arise from the recombination of charge pairs stabilized in the Photosystem II reaction centre complex...
December 1989: Photosynthesis Research
H M Gleiter, E Haag, Y Inoue, G Renger
The functional properties of a purified homogeneous spinach PS II-core complex with high oxygen evolution capacity (Haag et al. 1990a) were investigated in detail by measuring thermoluminescence and oscillation patterns of flash induced oxygen evolution and fluorescence quantum yield changes. The following results were obtained: a) Depending on the illumination conditions the PS II-core complexes exhibit several thermoluminescence bands corresponding to the A band, Q band and Zv band in PS II membrane fragments...
January 1993: Photosynthesis Research
Andreas Schibler, Trang M T Pham, Amol A Moray, Christian Stocker
Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) can determine ventilation and perfusion relationship. Most of the data obtained so far originates from experimental settings and in healthy subjects. The aim of this study was to demonstrate that EIT measures the perioperative changes in pulmonary blood flow after repair of a ventricular septum defect in children with haemodynamic relevant septal defects undergoing open heart surgery. In a 19 bed intensive care unit in a tertiary children's hospital ventilation and cardiac related impedance changes were measured using EIT before and after surgery in 18 spontaneously breathing patients...
October 2013: Physiological Measurement
Myron J Levin, Kenneth E Schmader, John W Gnann, Shelly A McNeil, Timo Vesikari, Robert F Betts, Susan Keay, Jon E Stek, Nickoya D Bundick, Shu-Chih Su, Yanli Zhao, Xiaoming Li, Ivan S F Chan, Paula W Annunziato, Janie Parrino
Prevaccination and 6-week postvaccination samples from the immunogenicity substudy (n = 2269) of the zoster vaccine (ZV) efficacy trial (N = 22 439) in 50-59-year-old subjects were examined for varicella-zoster virus-specific antibody responses to vaccination. The varicella-zoster virus geometric mean titer (GMT) and geometric mean fold rise were higher in ZV recipients than in placebo recipients (GMT, 660.0 vs 293.1 glycoprotein enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay units/mL [P < .001], respectively; geometric mean fold rise, 2...
November 1, 2013: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Christine Martineau, Céline Villeneuve, Florian Mauffrey, Richard Villemur
A budding prosthecate bacterial strain, designated NL23(T), was isolated from a methanol-fed denitrification system treating seawater at the Montreal Biodome, Canada. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA (rRNA) gene sequences showed that the strain was affiliated with the genus Hyphomicrobium of the Alphaproteobacteria and was most closely related to Hyphomicrobium zavarzinii with 99.4 % sequence similarity. Despite this high level of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, DNA-DNA hybridization assays showed that strain NL23(T) was only distantly related to H...
October 2013: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Jee Hwan Kim, Su-Jeong Lee, Jun Sub Park, Jae Jun Ryu
PURPOSE: To compare the fracture load and failure mode of the monolithic lithium disilicate crown (e.max group) and 2 types of veneered zirconia crowns, hand layer (ZV group) and heat pressed (ZP group), as a posterior implant-supported restoration. METHODS: A total of 24 all-ceramic crowns for molar tooth were fabricated using the computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacture (CAD/CAM) system. The e.max group crowns and zirconia copings for ZV and ZP groups were fabricated using a Cerec milling unit...
February 2013: Implant Dentistry
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