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Txnip decreasing

Haruta Mogami, Shigeo Yura, Eiji Kondoh, Hiroshi Masutani, Junji Yodoi, Ikuo Konishi
AIM: Thioredoxin binding protein-2 (TBP-2), which is identical to thioredoxin interacting protein (Txnip), controls cellular proliferation and differentiation. The aim of the present study was to compare TBP-2 protein and mRNA expression in human placenta during the three trimesters of pregnancy and to investigate the role of hypoxia in the change of these expressions in placental tissue. A secondary objective was to determine the gene expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) in TBP-2 deficient placenta using TBP-2 gene disrupted mice (TBP-2(-/-) )...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Liming Yu, Chongxi Fan, Zhi Li, Jian Zhang, Xiaodong Xue, Yinli Xu, Guolong Zhao, Yang Yang, Huishan Wang
Stress hyperglycemia is commonly observed in patients suffering from ischemic heart disease. It not only worsens cardiovascular prognosis but also attenuates the efficacies of various cardioprotective agents. This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of melatonin against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI/R) injury in acute hyperglycemic state with a focus on Notch1/Hes1/Akt signaling and intracellular thioredoxin (Trx) system. Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to MI/R surgery and high glucose (HG, 500 g/L) infusion (4 ml/kg/h) to induce temporary hyperglycemia...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Pineal Research
Weijie Chen, Junlian Wang, Yong Luo, Tao Wang, Xiaochun Li, Aiyun Li, Jia Li, Kang Liu, Baolin Liu
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to investigate whether ginsenoside Rb1 (Rb1) and compound K (CK) ameliorated insulin resistance by suppressing endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced inflammation in adipose tissue. METHODS: To induce ER stress, epididymal adipose tissue from mice or differentiated 3T3 adipocytes were exposed to high glucose. The effects of Rb1 and CK on reactive oxygen species production, ER stress, TXNIP/NLRP3 inflammasome activation, inflammation, insulin signaling activation, and glucose uptake were detected by western blot, emzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, or fluorometry...
October 2016: Journal of Ginseng Research
Alexandra M Hetherington, Cynthia G Sawyez, Emma Zilberman, Alexandra M Stoianov, Debra L Robson, Nica M Borradaile
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) progression to fibrosis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, alters the cellular composition of this organ. During late-stage NAFLD, fibrotic and possibly cancerous cells can proliferate and, like normal hepatocytes, are exposed to high concentrations of fatty acids from both surrounding tissue and circulating lipid sources. We hypothesized that primary human activated hepatic stellate cells and epithelial hepatoma (HepG2) cells respond differently to lipotoxic conditions, and investigated the mechanisms involved...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Guosheng Cao, Nan Jiang, Yang Hu, Yuanyuan Zhang, Guangyun Wang, Mingzhu Yin, Xiaonan Ma, Kecheng Zhou, Jin Qi, Boyang Yu, Junping Kou
Ruscogenin, an important steroid sapogenin derived from Ophiopogon japonicus, has been shown to inhibit cerebral ischemic injury. However, its potential molecular action on blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction after stroke remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effects of ruscogenin on BBB dysfunction and the underlying mechanisms in middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (MCAO/R)-injured mice and oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R)-injured mouse brain microvascular endothelial cells (bEnd...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Ming Wang, Jing Zhao, Nan Zhang, Jianghua Chen
Astilbin is a flavonoid compound derived from the rhizome of Smilax china L. The effects and possible molecular mechanisms of astilbin on potassium oxonate-induced hyperuricemia mice were investigated in this study. Different dosages of astilbin (5, 10, and 20mg/kg) were administered to induce hyperuricemic mice. The results demonstrated that the serum uric acid (Sur) level was significantly decreased by increasing the urinary uric acid (Uur) level and fractional excretion of urate (FEUA) with astilbin, related with suppressing role in meditation of Glucose transporter 9 (GLUT9), Human urate transporter 1 (URAT1) expression and up-regulation of ABCG2, Organic anion transporter 1/3 (OAT1/3) and Organic cation transporter 1 (OCT1)...
August 11, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Michelle L Baack, Benjamin J Forred, Tricia D Larsen, Danielle N Jensen, Angela L Wachal, Muhammad Ali Khan, Peter F Vitiello
RATIONALE: Infants born to diabetic or obese mothers are at risk of respiratory distress and persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN), conceivably through fuel-mediated pathogenic mechanisms. Prior research and preventative measures focus on controlling maternal hyperglycemia, but growing evidence suggests a role for additional circulating fuels including lipids. Little is known about the individual or additive effects of a maternal high-fat diet on fetal lung development...
2016: PloS One
Chunchun Ding, Yan Zhao, Xue Shi, Ning Zhang, Guo Zu, Zhenlu Li, Junjun Zhou, Dongyan Gao, Li Lv, Xiaofeng Tian, Jihong Yao
Salvianolic acid A (SalA), one of the most efficacious polyphenol compounds extracted from Radix Salvia miltiorrhiza (Danshen), has been shown to possess many potential pharmacological activities. This study aimed to investigate whether SalA has hepatoprotective effects against high-fat diet (HFD)-induced non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and to further explore the mechanism underlying this process. SalA treatment significantly attenuated HFD-induced obesity and liver injury, and markedly decreased lipid accumulation in HFD-fed rat livers...
2016: Scientific Reports
Yara A Samra, Heba S Said, Nehal M Elsherbiny, Gregory I Liou, Mamdouh M El-Shishtawy, Laila A Eissa
AIMS: Hyperglycemia leads to elevation of oxidative stress and proinflammatory cytokines which are the main causes of diabetic nephropathy (DN). NLRP3 inflammasome and thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) are recently assumed to participate in the development of DN. We aimed to investigate the effects of Cepharanthine (CEP), Piperine (Pip) and their combination in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced DN focusing on their role to modulate NLRP3 and TXNIP induced inflammation. MAIN METHODS: Diabetic rats were treated with intraperitoneal (i...
July 15, 2016: Life Sciences
Hongxiang Zeng, Hao Gu, Chiqi Chen, Minle Li, Fangzhen Xia, Li Xie, Xiaoye Liu, Feifei Zhang, Xuemei Tong, Jiangbo Wang, Zhuo Yu, Junke Zheng
Targeting leukemia-initiating cells (LICs) is the key to eradicating leukemia and preventing its relapse. Recent studies have indicated that metabolic regulation may play a critical role in the maintenance of stemness in LICs, although the detailed mechanisms are poorly understood. Herein, we provide intriguing evidence showing that a glucose-responsive transcription factor, carbohydrate responsive element binding protein (ChREBP), served as a tumor suppressor rather than an oncogene, as previously described, to inhibit the development of acute myeloid leukemia by promoting the differentiation of LICs...
May 20, 2016: Oncotarget
Tasnim Dayeh, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Peter Almgren, Alexander Perfilyev, Per-Anders Jansson, Vanessa D de Mello, Jussi Pihlajamäki, Allan Vaag, Leif Groop, Emma Nilsson, Charlotte Ling
Identification of subjects with a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) is fundamental for prevention of the disease. Consequently, it is essential to search for new biomarkers that can improve the prediction of T2D. The aim of this study was to examine whether 5 DNA methylation loci in blood DNA (ABCG1, PHOSPHO1, SOCS3, SREBF1, and TXNIP), recently reported to be associated with T2D, might predict future T2D in subjects from the Botnia prospective study. We also tested if these CpG sites exhibit altered DNA methylation in human pancreatic islets, liver, adipose tissue, and skeletal muscle from diabetic vs...
July 2, 2016: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
O Alvarez-Garcia, M Olmer, R Akagi, Y Akasaki, K M Fisch, T Shen, A I Su, M K Lotz
OBJECTIVE: Aging is a main risk factor for the development of osteoarthritis (OA) and the molecular mechanisms underlying the aging-related changes in articular cartilage include increased mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling and defective autophagy. REDD1 is an endogenous inhibitor of mTOR that regulates cellular stress responses. In this study we measured REDD1 expression in normal, aged and OA cartilage and assessed REDD1 function in human and mouse articular chondrocytes...
September 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Fatih Erdi, Fatih Keskin, Hasan Esen, Bulent Kaya, Bahadir Feyzioglu, Ibrahim Kilinc, Yasar Karatas, Gokhan Cuce, Erdal Kalkan
OBJECTIVES: Growing evidence suggests that oxidative stress is one of the factors contributing to subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH)-induced cerebral vasospasm. SAH-induced cerebral vasospam alters thioredoxin (Trx) cycle enzymes and thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) as an important endogenous antioxidant system. In this study, we have explored the effects of telmisartan on the vascular morphological changes, endothelial apoptosis, tissue oxidative stress status and the level of Trx cycle enzymes/ TXNIP in a rabbit SAH model...
March 2016: Neurological Research
Shunrong Ji, Yi Qin, Chen Liang, Run Huang, Si Shi, Jiang Liu, Kaizhou Jin, Dingkong Liang, Wenyan Xu, Bo Zhang, Liang Liu, Chen Liu, Jin Xu, Quanxing Ni, Paul J Chiao, Min Li, Xianjun Yu
PURPOSE: FBW7 functions as a tumor suppressor by targeting oncoproteins for destruction. We previously reported that the oncogenic mutation of KRAS inhibits the tumor suppressor FBW7 via the Ras-Raf-MEK-ERK pathway, which facilitates the proliferation and survival of pancreatic cancer cells. However, the underlying mechanism by which FBW7 suppresses pancreatic cancer remains unexplored. Here, we sought to elucidate the function of FBW7 in pancreatic cancer glucose metabolism and malignancy...
August 1, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Xiao-Feng Li, Wen-Wen Shen, Ying-Yin Sun, Wan-Xia Li, Zheng-Hao Sun, Yan-Hui Liu, Lei Zhang, Cheng Huang, Xiao-Ming Meng, Jun Li
OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a heterogenic and systemic autoimmune disease characterized by synovitis and joint structural damage. However, the pathogenesis of RA is still obscure. It has been reported microRNA-20a (miRNA-20a) was significantly associated with the regulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines release in RA FLS. The purpose of this study was to explore the function and underlying mechanisms of miRNA-20a on NLRP3-inflammasome in adjuvant-induced arthritis (AA) fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) in vitro...
February 26, 2016: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
Chisato Noguchi, Kazuyo Kamitori, Akram Hossain, Hiroshi Hoshikawa, Ayako Katagi, Youyi Dong, Li Sui, Masaaki Tokuda, Fuminori Yamaguchi
Glucose is a major energy source for mammalian cells and is transported into cells via cell-specific expression of various glucose transporters (GLUTs). Especially, cancer cells require massive amounts of glucose as an energy source for their dysregulated growth and thus over-express GLUTs. d-allose, a C-3 epimer of d-glucose, is one of rare sugars that exist in small quantities in nature. We have shown that d-allose induces the tumor suppressor gene coding for thioredoxin interacting protein (TXNIP) and inhibits cancer cell growth by G1 cell cycle arrest...
2016: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Yang De Marinis, Mengyin Cai, Pradeep Bompada, David Atac, Olga Kotova, Martin E Johansson, Eliana Garcia-Vaz, Maria F Gomez, Markku Laakso, Leif Groop
Diabetic kidney disease is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease. Genetic factors have been suggested to contribute to its susceptibility. However, results from genetic studies are disappointing possibly because the role of glucose in diabetic kidney disease predisposed by epigenetic mechanisms has not been taken into account. Since thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) has been shown to play an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic kidney disease, we tested whether glucose could induce expression of TXNIP in the kidney by epigenetic mechanisms...
February 2016: Kidney International
Theresa D Ahrens, Sylvia Timme, Jenny Ostendorp, Lioudmilla Bogatyreva, Jens Hoeppner, Ulrich T Hopt, Dieter Hauschke, Martin Werner, Silke Lassmann
We previously showed that histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) and 5-azacytidine (AZA) treatment selectively induced cell death of esophageal cancer cells. The mechanisms of cancer selectivity, however, remained unclear. Here we examined whether the cancer selectivity of HDACi/AZA treatment is mediated by the thioredoxin (Trx) system and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in esophageal cancer cells. For this, we first analyzed human tissue specimens of 37 esophageal cancer patients by immunohistochemistry for Trx, Trx-interacting protein (TXNIP) and Trx reductase (TXNRD)...
March 2016: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
Yong-Liang Yuan, Chang-Run Guo, Ling-Ling Cui, Shi-Xia Ruan, Chun-Feng Zhang, De Ji, Zhong-Lin Yang, Fei Li
BACKGROUND: Many synthesized drugs with clinical severe side effects have been used for diabetic nephropathy (DN) treatment. Therefore, it is urgent and necessary to identify natural and safe agents to remedy DN. Timosaponin B-II (TB-II), a major steroidal saponin constituent in Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bunge, exhibits various activities, including anti-inflammatory and hypoglycemic functions. However, the anti-DN effects and potential mechanism(s) of TB-II have not been previously reported...
2015: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Daoyin Dong, Noah Fu, Peixin Yang
Pregestational diabetes significantly increases the risk of neural tube defects (NTDs). Maternal diabetes activates an Apoptosis Signal-regulating Kinase 1 (ASK1)-initiated pathway, which triggers neural stem cell apoptosis of the developing neuroepithelium leading to NTD formation. How high glucose of diabetes activates ASK1 is still unclear. In this study, we investigated the mechanism underlying high glucose-induced ASK1 activation. High glucose suppressed miR-17 expression, which led to an increase in its target gene Txnip (Thioredoxin-interacting protein)...
March 2016: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
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