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Carbon nanotubes

Taimoor Ashraf Ashraf, Meelad Ranaiefar, Sumit Khatri, Jamshid Kavosi, Frank Gardea, Bryan Glaz, Mohammad Naraghi
Safe operation and health of structures relies on their ability to effectively dissipate undesired vibrations, which could otherwise significantly reduce the life-time of a structure due to fatigue loads or large deformations. To address this issue, nanoscale fillers, such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs), have been utilized to dissipate mechanical energy in polymer-based nanocomposites through filler-matrix interfacial friction by benefitting from their large interface area with the matrix. In this manuscript, for the first time, we experimentally investigate the effect of CNT alignment with respect to reach other and their orientation with respect to the loading direction on vibrational damping in nanocomposites...
January 15, 2018: Nanotechnology
Kunal Bhattacharya, Cristiano Sacchetti, Pedro M Costa, Jens Sommertune, Birgit D Brandner, Andrea Magrini, Nicola Rosato, Nunzio Bottini, Massimo Bottini, Bengt Fadeel
Polyethylene glycol (PEG)-modified carbon nanotubes have been successfully employed for intra-articular delivery in mice without systemic or local toxicity. However, the fate of the delivery system itself remains to be understood. In this study 2 kDa PEG-modified single-walled carbon nanotubes (PNTs) are synthesized, and trafficking and degradation following intra-articular injection into the knee-joint of healthy mice are studied. Using confocal Raman microspectroscopy, PNTs can be imaged in the knee-joint and are found to either egress from the synovial cavity or undergo biodegradation over a period of 3 weeks...
January 15, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Li Li, Yichuan Guo, Yuping Sun, Long Yang, Liang Qin, Shouliang Guan, Jinfen Wang, Xiaohui Qiu, Hongbian Li, Yuanyuan Shang, Ying Fang
The capability to directly build atomically thin transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) devices by chemical synthesis offers important opportunities to achieve large-scale electronics and optoelectronics with seamless interfaces. Here, a general approach for the chemical synthesis of a variety of TMD (e.g., MoS2 , WS2 , and MoSe2 ) device arrays over large areas is reported. During chemical vapor deposition, semiconducting TMD channels and metallic TMD/carbon nanotube (CNT) hybrid electrodes are simultaneously formed on CNT-patterned substrate, and then coalesce into seamless devices...
January 15, 2018: Advanced Materials
Moon-Ki Choi, Hyunki Kim, Byung Ho Lee, Teayeop Kim, Junsuk Rho, Moon Ki Kim, Kyunghoon Kim
Carbon nanotube (CNT) has been considered as a prominent nano-channel in cell membranes because of their prominent ion-conductance and ion-selectivity, offering agents for biomimetic channel platform. Using a coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulation, we clarify a construction mechanism of vertical CNT nano-channels in the lipid membrane for a long period, that has been difficult to observe in previous CNT-lipid interaction simulations. The result shows that both lipid coating density and length of CNT affect the suitable fabrication condition for a vertical and stable CNT-channel...
January 15, 2018: Nanotechnology
Zhaokun Wang, Xue Zhang, Shenmeng Jiang, Xingjie Guo
In this work, the magnetic multiwalled carbon nanotubes (Mag-MWCNTs) were prepared by self-assembly method and characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, energy dispersive X-ray and vibrating sample magnetometer. Then, these synthetic Mag-MWCNTs were used as sorbents to extract five β-blockers (atenolol, metoprolol, esmolol, pindolol and arotinolol) by magnetic solid-phase extraction. The target analytes adsorbed on Mag-MWCNTs were eluted and determined on a chiral α-acid glycoprotein column coupled with a triple quadrupole mass spectrometry...
April 1, 2018: Talanta
J Milne, I Zhitomirsky
MnO2 and Mn3O4 particles were prepared by wet chemical methods and efficiently dispersed and mixed with multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) for the fabrication of composite MnO2-MWCNT and Mn3O4-MWCNT electrodes for electrochemical supercapacitors (ES). The problem of particle agglomeration was addressed by particle extraction through a liquid-liquid interface (PELLI) using octanohydroxamic acid (OHA) as a new extractor. OHA exhibited remarkable adsorption on particles due to a bidentate bonding mechanism. The use of OHA broadened the application of PELLI technology, because it allowed good extraction of particles from an aqueous phase at high pH...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Xu Ou, Qi Li, Dan Xu, Jiangna Guo, Feng Yan
Nitrogen-doped porous carbon nanotubes@MnO2 (N-CNTs@MnO2) nanocomposites are prepared through the in situ growth of MnO2 nanosheets on N-CNTs derived from polypyrrole nanotubes (PNTs). Benefiting from the synergistic effects between N-CNTs (high conductivity and N doping level) and MnO2 nanosheets (high theoretical capacity), the as-prepared N-CNTs@MnO2-800 nanocomposites show a specific capacitance of 219 F g-1 at a current density of 1.0 A g-1, which is higher than that of pure MnO2 nanosheets (128 F g-1) and PNTs (42 F g-1) in 0...
January 13, 2018: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Il-Hoon Cho, Jongsung Lee, Jiyeon Kim, Min-Soo Kang, Jean Kyung Paik, Seockmo Ku, Hyun-Mo Cho, Joseph Irudayaraj, Dong-Hyung Kim
An electrochemical immunosensor employs antibodies as capture and detection means to produce electrical charges for the quantitative analysis of target molecules. This sensor type can be utilized as a miniaturized device for the detection of point-of-care testing (POCT). Achieving high-performance analysis regarding sensitivity has been one of the key issues with developing this type of biosensor system. Many modern nanotechnology efforts allowed for the development of innovative electrochemical biosensors with high sensitivity by employing various nanomaterials that facilitate the electron transfer and carrying capacity of signal tracers in combination with surface modification and bioconjugation techniques...
January 12, 2018: Sensors
Xiaolin Zhu, Kexin Zhang, Nan Lu, Yangyang Yu, Xing Yuan, Jiunian Guan
o-Chlorophenol (OCP) is a priority pollutant that poses serious health threats to the public. The following study designs a simple electrochemical system to monitor the concentration and toxicity of OCP. This system was primarily characterized by the integration of both physicochemical and biological monitoring procedures that had a synergistic effect between the functionalized carbon nanotubes and rhodamine B. This resulted in excellent electrocatalytic activities toward OCP and cellular purine bases. The peak current of OCP was linear with concentrations ranging from 0...
January 4, 2018: Chemosphere
Kun Chen, Rongrong Jin, Chen Luo, Guoxin Song, Yaoming Hu, Hefa Cheng
A novel adsorbent made of polydopamine-functionalized magnetic graphene and carbon nanotubes hybrid nanocomposite was synthesized and applied in the determination of 16 priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by magnetic solid phase extraction in water samples. FTIR spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy consistently indicate that the synthesized adsorbents are made of core-shell nanoparticles well dispersed on the surface of graphene and carbon nanotubes...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Separation Science
Linda Grabill, Andreas Riemann
A study of π-π interactions between a (7,7) single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) and three different aromatic amino acids (AAA), namely L-Tyrosine (Tyr), L-Tryptophan (Trp), and L-Phenylalanine (Phe) was conducted with a Molecular Mechanics (MM) approach. For each of the amino acids we investigated the behavior of six different conformers. We examined the impact of the so-called edge effects by testing the parameters of the built-in switching function in MM. We found the optimal SWNT length to be approximately 80Å for the size of the molecules in our conformational studies...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Zahra Hussaini, Pin Ann Lin, Bharath Natarajan, Wenhui Zhu, Renu Sharma
For many reaction processes, such as catalysis, phase transformations, nanomaterial synthesis etc., nanoscale observations at high spatial (sub-nanometer) and temporal (millisecond) resolution are required to characterize and comprehend the underlying factors that favor one reaction over another. The combination of such spatial and temporal resolution (up to 600 µs), while rich in information, produces a large number of snapshots, each of which must be analyzed to obtain the structural (and thereby chemical) information...
December 28, 2017: Ultramicroscopy
Yves Pacheco, Marine Ponchon, Serge Lebecque, Alain Calender, Jean François Bernaudin, Dominique Valeyre, Marc Iglarz, Daniel S Strasser, Rolf Studer, Diego Freti, Toufiq Renno, Abederrazzaq Bentaher
BACKGROUND: Nanoparticles are increasingly suspected as a strong etiologic factor of granuloma formation. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of our study was to compare lung inflammatory response and histology changes following exposure of mice to two widely used nanoparticles: carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) and cadmium-based nanoparticles (QDOT705) in an attempt to better our understanding of granulomatous inflammation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Various groups of mice were included: control mice and mice that were intranasally instilled with QDOT or MWCNT...
January 11, 2018: Experimental Lung Research
Erling Li, Fa Yang, Zhemin Wu, Yong Wang, Mingbo Ruan, Ping Song, Wei Xing, Weilin Xu
Herein, a type of Fe, N-codoped carbon electrocatalyst (FeNx /C, Fe-N-BCNT#BP) containing bamboo carbon nanotubes and displaying bifunctional high catalytic efficiency for both oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and carbon dioxide reduction reaction (CO2RR) is reported. It shows high electrocatalytic activity and stability for both the ORR process with onset potential of 1.03 VRHE in alkaline and the CO2RR to CO with high faradic efficiency up to 90% and selectivity of about 100% at low overpotential of 0.49 V...
January 11, 2018: Small
Su Ryon Shin, Bianca Migliori, Beatrice Miccoli, Yi-Chen Li, Pooria Mostafalu, Jungmok Seo, Serena Mandla, Alessandro Enrico, Silvia Antona, Ram Sabarish, Ting Zheng, Lorenzo Pirrami, Kaizhen Zhang, Yu Shrike Zhang, Kai-Tak Wan, Danilo Demarchi, Mehmet R Dokmeci, Ali Khademhosseini
To create life-like movements, living muscle actuator technologies have borrowed inspiration from biomimetic concepts in developing bioinspired robots. Here, the development of a bioinspired soft robotics system, with integrated self-actuating cardiac muscles on a hierarchically structured scaffold with flexible gold microelectrodes is reported. Inspired by the movement of living organisms, a batoid-fish-shaped substrate is designed and reported, which is composed of two micropatterned hydrogel layers. The first layer is a poly(ethylene glycol) hydrogel substrate, which provides a mechanically stable structure for the robot, followed by a layer of gelatin methacryloyl embedded with carbon nanotubes, which serves as a cell culture substrate, to create the actuation component for the soft body robot...
January 11, 2018: Advanced Materials
Jun-Hong Pu, Xiang-Jun Zha, Min Zhao, Shengyao Li, Rui-Ying Bao, Zheng-Ying Liu, Bang-Hu Xie, Ming-Bo Yang, Zhanhu Guo, Wei Yang
New generation wearable devices require mechanically compliant strain sensors with a high sensitivity in a full detecting range. Herein, novel 2D end-to-end contact conductive networks of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were designed and realized in an ethylene-α-octene block copolymer (OBC) matrix. The prepared strain sensor showed a high gauge factor (GF) of 248 even at a small strain (5%) and a linear resistance response throughout the whole strain range. The sensors also exhibited very good stretchability up to 300% and high cycling durability...
January 11, 2018: Nanoscale
Kyung Mi Lee, Manki Son, Ju Hee Kang, Daesan Kim, Seunghun Hong, Tai Hyun Park, Hyang Sook Chun, Shin Sik Choi
Because the freshness of seafood determines its consumer preference and food safety, the rapid monitoring of seafood deterioration is considered essential. However, the conventional analysis of seafood deterioration using chromatography instruments and bacterial colony counting depends on time-consuming and food-destructive treatments. In this study, we demonstrate a non-destructive and rapid food freshness monitoring system by a triangular study of sensory evaluation, gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS), and a bioelectronic nose...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jianzhang Huang, Qiang Han
This paper presents a study of strain effects on nanoscale rotation system consists of double-walls carbon nanotube and graphene. It is found that the strain effects can be a real-time controlling method for nano actuator system. The strain effects on rotational property as well as the effect mechanism is studied systematically through molecular dynamics simulations, and it obtains valuable conclusions for engineering application of rotational property management of nanoscale rotation system. It founds that the strain effects tune the rotational property by influencing the intertube supporting effect and friction effect of double-walls carbon nanotube, which are two critical factors of rotational performance...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
Robert J Headrick, Dmitri E Tsentalovich, Julián Berdegué, Elie Amram Bengio, Lucy Liberman, Olga Kleinerman, Matthew S Lucas, Yeshayahu Talmon, Matteo Pasquali
At the microscopic scale, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) combine impressive tensile strength and electrical conductivity; however, their macroscopic counterparts have not met expectations. The reasons are variously attributed to inherent CNT sample properties (diameter and helicity polydispersity, high defect density, insufficient length) and manufacturing shortcomings (inadequate ordering and packing), which can lead to poor transmission of stress and current. To efficiently investigate the disparity between microscopic and macroscopic properties, a new method is introduced for processing microgram quantities of CNTs into highly oriented and well-packed fibers...
January 11, 2018: Advanced Materials
Hongxing Jia, Yuyue Gao, Qiang Huang, Shengsheng Cui, Pingwu Du
Herein we report a facile three-step synthesis of [8]-, [9]-, and [12]cyclo-1,4-naphthalene nanorings as the conjugated segments of carbon nanotubes. The nanorings were created via a platinum-mediated assembly of 1,4-naphthalene-based units and subsequent reductive elimination in the presence of triphenylphosphine. This present platinum-mediated approach is attractive because of its simple three-step process to produce the targeted nanorings in a high overall yield. In addition, their photophysical properties were studied using UV-vis spectroscopy and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, which further revealed their unique size-dependent properties...
January 11, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
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