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retinal detachment and labour

Esther Papamichael, George William Aylward, Lesley Regan
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine international obstetric opinions regarding the influence of a history of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment on the management of labour and to review the evidence base. DESIGN: A questionnaire containing closed questions, with pre-coded response opinions, was designed to obtain a cross-section of the obstetric opinions. SETTING: Questionnaires were distributed at the 20th European Congress of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in Lisbon, Portugal...
2011: JRSM Short Reports
S M Elsherbiny, M T Benson
Following several referrals for 'assessment', obstetricians in the West Midlands Health Region were surveyed regarding patients perceived to be at high risk of retinal detachment during the second stage of labour. A questionnaire was sent to 95 practicing obstetricians. This was a four-item questionnaire, based on four identifiable categories of referral to the ophthalmologist, by the obstetricians. It also covered the perceptions of the obstetricians of the ocular problem in relation to their obstetric clinical decision...
March 2003: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
E Poppe, M Sajkowska, I Bernacka
In this article, we present two cases of bilateral retinal detachment in toxemia of pregnancy. The first case describes 31-year old patient admitted to hospital due to toxemia of pregnancy in the 38th week of the second pregnancy. Medical examination following admission showed blood pressure 180/130 mm Hg oedema of face and legs. Accessory investigations displayed proteinuria, leukocyturia, bacteriuria. At the fundus of eye the features of initial retinopatia hypertonica were discovered. On the fifth day of the patient's hospitalization because of the worsening of general health condition and sudden blood pressure increase, the pregnancy was delivered by cesarean section...
1999: Klinika Oczna
M Korell, S King, H Hepp
The main problem with vacuum extraction methods, alongside the cephalhaematoma produced, is the premature separation of the suction cup under traction, since the resulting sudden change in pressure can lead to severe intra-cerebral damage to the child. To reduce the risk of vaginal operative delivery, a new double-chamber safety vacuum extractor has been developed by Hepp/King. The basic feature of this instrument is an additional chamber with a thin overlapping area, which surrounds the actual suction cup and serves as a safety vacuum...
June 1994: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
J Gärtner
It was recently stressed by Scheerer that retinal detachment in a highly myopic eye may be caused by hyperaemia of the choroid, presumably occuring during heavy physical labour which is performed by a non-trained person. Clinical studies have shown, however, that choroidal detachment, resulting from either hemorrhagic, or serous accumulation of fluid during operative procedures or during postoperative periods, is not followed by retinal detachment. Also experimental occlusion of large choroidal vessels, associated with hyperaemia in the choroidal vasculature, does not lead to retinal changes inducing the separation of the neuroretina from the pigment epithelium layer...
April 1975: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
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