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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742967/molybdenum-0-dihapto-coordination-of-benzene-and-trifluorotoluene-the-stabilizing-and-chemo-directing-influence-of-a-cf3-group
#1
Jeffery T Myers, Jacob A Smith, Steven J Dakermanji, Justin H Wilde, Katy B Wilson, Philip J Shivokevich, W Dean Harman
The preparation of the complex TpMo(NO)(DMAP)(η2-PhCF3) (5) and TpMo(NO)(DMAP)(η2-benzene) (3) are described. The CF3 group is found to stabilize the metal-arene bond strength in 5 by roughly 3 kcal/mol, compared to 3, allowing the large-scale synthesis and isolation of the trifluorotoluene analog (5, 37 g, 70%). When a benzene solution of 5 is allowed to stand, clean conversion to the benzene analog 3 occurs, and this complex may be precipitated from solution upon the addition of pentane, and isolated...
July 25, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742965/sequential-tandem-addition-reactions-to-a-tungsten-trifluorotoluene-complex-a-versatile-method-for-the-preparation-of-highly-functionalized-trifluoromethylated-cyclohexenes
#2
Katy B Wilson, Jeffery T Myers, Hannah S Nedzbala, Logan A Combee, Michal Sabat, W Dean Harman
The effects of an electron-withdrawing group on the organic chemistry of an η2-bound benzene ring are explored using the complex TpW(NO)(PMe3)(η2-PhCF3). This trifluorotoluene complex was found to undergo a highly regio- and stereoselective 1,2-addition reaction involving protonation of an ortho carbon followed by addition of a carbon nucleophile. The resulting 1,3-diene complexes can undergo a second protonation and nucleophilic addition with a range of nucleophiles including hydrides, amines, cyanide, and protected enolates...
July 25, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742541/parental-psychological-distress-and-family-food-insecurity-sad-dads-in-hungry-homes
#3
Katie K Tseng, Su Hyun Park, Jenni A Shearston, Lily Lee, Michael Weitzman
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether household food insecurity is associated with serious psychological distress (SPD) in fathers and mothers in a nationally representative US sample. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional, matched child-parent data from the 2014 to 2015 National Health Interview Survey (N = 18,456). Parental psychological distress was assessed using the Kessler-6 (K-6) scale. Family food security was measured using the USDA's 10-item Food Security scale, and households were dichotomized as food secure or food insecure...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742255/weight-management-strategies-for-those-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-consensus-report-from-the-asia-pacific-society-of-nephrology-and-australia-and-new-zealand-society-of-nephrology-2016-renal-dietitians-meeting
#4
Kelly Lambert, Jo Beer, Ruth Dumont, Katie Hewitt, Karen Manley, Anthony Meade, Karen Salamon, Katrina Campbell
AIM: Develop a consensus report to guide dietetic management of overweight or obese individuals with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). METHODS: Six statements relating weight management in CKD guided a comprehensive review of the literature. A summary of the evidence was then presented at the renal nutrition meeting of the 2016 Asia Pacific Society of Nephrology and Australia and New Zealand Society of Nephrology. Majority agreement was defined as group agreement on a statement of between 50-74%, and consensus was considered ≥ 75% agreement...
July 25, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742026/aire-is-a-critical-spindle-associated-protein-in-embryonic-stem-cells
#5
Bin Gu, Jean-Philippe Lambert, Katie Cockburn, Anne-Claude Gingras, Janet Rossant
Embryonic stem (ES) cells go though embryo-like cell cycles regulated by specialized molecular mechanisms. However, it is not known whether there are ES cell-specific mechanisms regulating mitotic fidelity. Here we showed that Autoimmune Regulator (Aire), a transcription coordinator involved in immune tolerance processes, is a critical spindle-associated protein in mouse ES(mES) cells. BioID analysis showed that AIRE associates with spindle-associated proteins in mES cells. Loss of function analysis revealed that Aire was important for centrosome number regulation and spindle pole integrity specifically in mES cells...
July 25, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741859/inpatient-palliative-care-referral-and-9-month-hospital-readmission-in-patients-with-congestive-heart-failure-a-linked-nationwide-analysis
#6
Katie Wiskar, Leo Anthony Celi, Keith R Walley, Clark Fruhstorpher, Barret Rush
OBJECTIVE: End-stage heart failure (HF) is characterized by high symptom burden and frequent hospitalization. Palliative Care (PC) is recommended for advanced HF, and there is some evidence in other diseases that this may reduce readmission rates. We attempted examine the association of an inpatient PC visit on hospital readmission for patients admitted with HF. METHODS: Retrospective linked nationwide analysis from 2013 with 9-month follow-up for all hospital readmissions for patients admitted with HF exacerbations using the Nationwide Readmission Database (NRD)...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741117/induction-of-alpha-methylacyl-coa-racemase-by-mir-138-via-up-regulation-of-%C3%AE-catenin-in-prostate-cancer-cells
#7
Kati Erdmann, Knut Kaulke, Christiane Rieger, Manfred P Wirth, Susanne Fuessel
PURPOSE: Alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase (AMACR) is highly overexpressed in prostate cancer (PCa) and its transcriptional regulators include various transcription factors and CTNNB1/β-catenin. Our previous findings suggested a post-transcriptional regulation by the tumor-suppressive microRNA miR-138 in PCa. Thus, the aim of this study was to demonstrate the direct interaction of miR-138 with the 3'-UTR of AMACR. Furthermore, the influence of miR-138 on the expression of AMACR and selected AMACR regulators was investigated in PCa cells...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739825/neisseria-cinerea-expresses-a-functional-factor-h-binding-protein-which-is-recognised-by-immune-responses-elicited-by-meningococcal-vaccines
#8
Hayley Lavender, Katy Poncin, Christoph M Tang
Neisseria meningitidis is a major cause of bacterial meningitis and sepsis worldwide. Capsular polysaccharide vaccines are available against meningococcal serogroups A, C, W and Y. More recently two protein based vaccines, Bexsero® and Trumenba®, have been licenced against meningococcal serogroup B strains; both vaccines contain meningococcal factor H binding protein (fHbp). fHbp is a surface exposed lipoprotein which binds the negative complement regulator, complement factor H (CFH), thereby inhibiting the alternative pathway of complement activation...
July 24, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738938/minimally-invasive-incision-and-drainage-technique-in-the-treatment-of-simple-subcutaneous-abscess-in-adults
#9
Hai V Salfity, Nakul Valsangkar, Melissa Schultz, Joseph Salfity, Katie Jo Stanton-Maxey, Ben Zarzaur, David V Feliciano, Michelle R Laughlin
A minimally invasive (MI) approach using small incisions and vessel loops for drainage of simple perianal abscesses has been described in the pediatric population with decreased postoperative pain and comparable results to the traditional incision and drainage (I&D). The hypothesis was MI I&D will yield similar outcomes in adults. Patients who underwent I&D of perianal abscesses at an urban hospital from January 2008 to December 2015 were identified by Current Procedural Terminology code. Patients below 18 years of age, with inflammatory bowel diseases, or fistulae were excluded...
July 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738727/the-home-as-ethos-of-caring-a-concept-determination
#10
Yvonne Hilli, Katie Eriksson
BACKGROUND: Within nursing, the concepts of home and homelike have been used indiscriminately to describe characteristics of healthcare settings that resemble a home more than an institution. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the concept of home ( hem in Swedish). The main questions were as follows: What does the concept of home entail etymologically and semantically? Of what significance is the meaning of the concept to caring science and nursing? DESIGN AND METHODS: This study had a qualitative design with a hermeneutical approach guided by Gadamer...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738203/early-detection-monitoring-for-aquatic-non-indigenous-species-optimizing-surveillance-incorporating-advanced-technologies-and%C3%A2-identifying-research-needs
#11
REVIEW
Anett S Trebitz, Joel C Hoffman, John A Darling, Erik M Pilgrim, John R Kelly, Emily A Brown, W Lindsay Chadderton, Scott P Egan, Erin K Grey, Syed A Hashsham, Katy E Klymus, Andrew R Mahon, Jeffrey L Ram, Martin T Schultz, Carol A Stepien, James C Schardt
Following decades of ecologic and economic impacts from a growing list of nonindigenous and invasive species, government and management entities are committing to systematic early- detection monitoring (EDM). This has reinvigorated investment in the science underpinning such monitoring, as well as the need to convey that science in practical terms to those tasked with EDM implementation. Using the context of nonindigenous species in the North American Great Lakes, this article summarizes the current scientific tools and knowledge - including limitations, research needs, and likely future developments - relevant to various aspects of planning and conducting comprehensive EDM...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738010/effects-of-the-%C3%AE-2-adrenoceptor-agonist-medetomidine-on-the-distribution-and-clearance-of-alfaxalone-during-coadministration-by-constant-rate-infusion-in-dogs
#12
Rachel C Bennett, Kati M Salla, Marja R Raekallio, Mika Scheinin, Outi M Vainio
OBJECTIVE To assess the possible impact of medetomidine on concentrations of alfaxalone in plasma, when coadministered as a constant rate infusion (CRI) to dogs, and to determine the possible impact of medetomidine on the cardiopulmonary effects of alfaxalone during CRI. ANIMALS 8 healthy adult Beagles. PROCEDURES 3 treatments were administered in a randomized crossover design as follows: 1 = saline (0.9% NaCl) solution injection, followed in 10 minutes by induction of anesthesia with alfaxalone (loading dose, 2...
August 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736495/day-to-day-consistency-in-positive-parent-child-interactions-and-youth-well-being
#13
Melissa A Lippold, Kelly D Davis, Katie M Lawson, Susan M McHale
The frequency of positive parent-child interactions is associated with youth adjustment. Yet, little is known about daily parent-child interactions and how day-to-day consistency in positive parent-child interactions may be linked to youth well-being. Using a daily diary approach, this study added to this literature to investigate whether and how day-to-day consistency in positive parent-child interactions was linked to youth depressive symptoms, risky behavior, and physical health. Participants were youth whose parents were employed in the IT division of a Fortune 500 company (N = 129, youth's mean age = 13...
December 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735295/azithromycin-for-episodes-with-asthma-like-symptoms-in-young-children-aged-1-3-years
#14
Katy McConnell, Michael Shields
N/A.
July 22, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734790/organ-weights-and-histopathology-of-double-crested-cormorants-phalacrocorax-auritus-dosed-orally-or-dermally-with-artificially-weathered-mississippi-canyon-252-crude-oil
#15
Kendal E Harr, Drury R Reavill, Steven J Bursian, Dave Cacela, Fred L Cunningham, Karen M Dean, Brian S Dorr, Katie C Hanson-Dorr, Kate Healy, Katherine Horak, Jane E Link, Susan Shriner, Robert E Schmidt
A series of toxicity tests were conducted to assess the effects of low to moderate exposure to artificially weathered Deepwater Horizon Mississippi Canyon 252 crude oil on representative avian species as part of the Natural Resource Damage Assessment. The present report summarizes effects of oral exposure (n=26) of double-crested cormorants (DCCO; Phalacrocorax auritus) to 5 or 10ml oil kg(-1) day(-1) for up to 21 days or dermal application (n=25) of 13ml oil to breast and back feathers every three days totaling 6 applications in 21 days on organ weights and histopathology...
July 19, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734789/weathered-mc252-crude-oil-induced-anemia-and-abnormal-erythroid-morphology-in-double-crested-cormorants-phalacrocorax-auritus-with-light-microscopic-and-ultrastructural-description-of-heinz-bodies
#16
Kendal E Harr, Fred L Cunningham, Chris A Pritsos, Karen L Pritsos, Thivanka Muthumalage, Brian S Dorr, Katherine E Horak, Katie C Hanson-Dorr, Karen M Dean, Dave Cacela, Andrew K McFadden, Jane E Link, Katherine A Healy, Pete Tuttle, Steven J Bursian
Injury assessment of birds following the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill in 2010 was part of the Natural Resource Damage Assessment. One reported effect was hemolytic anemia with the presence of Heinz bodies (HB) in birds, however, the role of route and magnitude of exposure to oil is unknown. The purpose of the present study was to determine if double-crested cormorants (Phalacocorax auritis; DCCO) exposed orally and dermally to artificially weathered crude oil would develop hemolytic anemia including HB and reticulocytosis...
July 19, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734202/creating-institutional-flexibility-for-adaptive-water-management-insights-from-two-management-agencies
#17
Michael Peat, Katie Moon, Fiona Dyer, William Johnson, Susan J Nichols
Adaptive management is an experimental approach used by water management agencies around the world to manage and restore aquatic ecosystems. The effectiveness of the approach can often be constrained by inflexible institutional arrangements. In this paper we compare two cases where agencies have implemented adaptive management to manage and restore aquatic ecosystems. Our aim was to understand practitioners' perceptions of how institutional flexibility can be created for adaptive management. We interviewed 14 adaptive management practitioners working in the Murray-Darling Basin, Australia and 14 practitioners in Southern Florida, United States of America...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733290/us-feral-swine-were-exposed-to-both-avian-and-swine-influenza-a-viruses
#18
Brigitte E Martin, Hailiang Sun, Margaret Carrel, Fred L Cunningham, John A Baroch, Katie C Hanson-Dorr, Sean G Young, Brandon Schmit, Jacqueline M Nolting, Kyoung-Jin Yoon, Mark W Lutman, Kerri Pedersen, Kelly Lager, Andrew S Bowman, Richard D Slemons, David R Smith, Thomas DeLiberto, Xiu-Feng Wan
Influenza A viruses (IAVs) in swine can cause sporadic infections and pandemic outbreaks among humans, but how avian IAV emerges in swine is still unclear. Unlike domestic swine, feral swine are free ranging and have many opportunities for IAV exposure through contacts with various habitats and animals, including migratory waterfowl, a natural reservoir for IAVs. During 2010--2013, 8,239 serum samples were collected from feral swine across 35 US states and tested against 45 contemporary antigenic variants of avian, swine, and human IAVs; of these, 406 (4...
July 21, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732741/long-acting-water-stable-organosilane-agent-and-its-sustained-effect-on-reducing-microbial-load-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#19
Katie Fitton, Kimberly R Barber, Alison Karamon, Nate Zuehlke, Sara Atwell, Susan Enright
BACKGROUND: Contaminated hospital surfaces contribute significantly to the transmission of health care-associated infections. Although disinfectants reduce bioburden by up to 99%, bacterial growth can rebound within hours to precleaning levels. We tested the effectiveness of an innovative, long-acting water-stable organosilane (WSO) to achieve sustained decreases in bioburden on hard surfaces. METHODS: A 5-month prospective, randomized, double-blind controlled study was performed...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732254/going-down-the-tubes-impact-on-seizure-control-of-antiepileptic-medication-given-via-percutaneous-feeding-tubes
#20
REVIEW
Caryn Jory, Rohit Shankar, Katy Oak, Janina Oates, Mike Wilcock
BACKGROUND: Long-term feeding by percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube (PEG) is uncommon but can present significant issues when both nutrition and medication have to be fed down the same tube. This is especially important in people with epilepsy where the dose and bioavailability of antiepileptic drugs are critical to maintain adequate seizure control. This group with long-term PEG tubes is particularly vulnerable and dependent on their carers to provide high standard of care. Indeed, approximately half of the people with long-term feeding tubes suffer from severe intellectual disability which requires careful coordination of all members of the multidisciplinary team...
July 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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