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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664900/accuracy-and-precision-of-scvo2-measured-with-the-cevox-device-a-prospective-study-in-patients-with-a-wide-variation-of-scvo2-values
#1
Alexander Herner, Bernhard Haller, Ulrich Mayr, Sebastian Rasch, Lea Offman, Roland Schmid, Wolfgang Huber
INTRODUCTION: Central-venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) is a key parameter of hemodynamic monitoring and has been suggested as therapeutic goal for resuscitation. Several devices offer continuous monitoring features. The CeVOX-device (Pulsion Medical Systems) uses a fibre-optic probe inserted through a conventional central-venous catheter (CVC) to obtain continuous ScvO2. OBJECTIVES: Since there is a lack of studies validating the CeVOX, we prospectively analyzed data from 24 patients with CeVOX-monitoring...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663677/the-carotid-sinus-nerve-structure-function-and-clinical-implications
#2
Andrea Porzionato, Veronica Macchi, Carla Stecco, Raffaele De Caro
Interest has been renewed in the anatomy and physiology of the carotid sinus nerve (CSN) and its targets (carotid sinus and carotid body), due to recent proposals of surgical procedures for a series of common pathologies, such as carotid sinus syndrome, hypertension, heart failure and insulin resistance. The CSN originates from the glossopharyngeal nerve soon after its appearance from the jugular foramen. It shows frequent communications with the sympathetic trunk (usually at the level of the superior cervical ganglion) and the vagal nerve (main trunk, pharyngeal branches or superior laryngeal nerve)...
April 16, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662897/novel-compliant-scaffold-with-specific-design-for-venous-system-results-of-a-porcine-model-study
#3
Pierfrancesco Veroux, Alessia Giaquinta, Carla Virgilio, Davide Danilo Zani, Giuliano Ravasio, Vincenzo Ardita, Paola Secchiero, Eugenio Scanziani, Paolo Zamboni, Massimiliano Veroux
Background: Stenting has become the first-line treatment of obstructive venous disease because of poor results of balloon angioplasty. This preclinical study aimed to investigate the safety and efficacy profile of a novel compliant venous scaffold (CVS) denominated Petalo CVS, specifically designed for venous diseases. Materials and Methods: Twelve healthy pigs weighing 90 kg were used to test Petalo CVS. The devices were implanted into the internal jugular veins (IJVs) using a femoral vein percutaneous approach...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659159/spinal-accessory-motor-neurons-in-the-mouse-a-special-type-of-branchial-motor-neuron
#4
Charles Watson, Petr Tvrdik
The spinal accessory nerve arises from motor neurons in the upper cervical spinal cord. The axons of these motor neurons exit dorsal to the ligamentum denticulatum and form the spinal accessory nerve. The nerve ascends in the spinal subarachnoid space to enter the posterior cranial fossa through the foramen magnum. The spinal accessory nerve then turns caudally to exit through the jugular foramen alongside the vagus and glossopharyngeal nerves, and then travels to supply the sternomastoid and trapezius muscles in the neck...
April 16, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657730/lemierre-s-syndrome-presented-with-acute-pancreatitis
#5
Laura Garcia, Kaori Ito
Case: Lemierre's syndrome is a rare clinical condition that is characterized by infected internal jugular vein thrombosis with metastatic septicemia. The most common causative agent is Fusobacterium necrophorum . A previously healthy 37-year-old woman presented to our emergency department with nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. She was admitted to the general practice unit with a diagnosis of acute pancreatitis then was subsequently transferred to the intensive care unit due to shock. Physical examination revealed tenderness on right side of the neck...
April 2018: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652232/long-term-tumor-control-following-stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-jugular-paraganglioma-using-3d-volumetric-segmentation
#6
Neil S Patel, Matthew L Carlson, Bruce E Pollock, Colin L W Driscoll, Brian A Neff, Robert L Foote, Christine M Lohse, Michael J Link
OBJECTIVE The morbidity of gross-total resection of jugular paraganglioma (JP) is often unacceptable due to the potential for irreversible lower cranial neuropathy. Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) has been used at the authors' institution since 1990 for the treatment of JP and other benign intracranial tumors. Conventional means of assessing tumor progression using linear measurements or elliptical approximations are imprecise due to the irregular shape and insinuating growth pattern of JP. The objective of this study was to assess long-term tumor control in these patients by using slice-by-slice 3D volumetric segmentation of serial MRI data...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651905/the-intracavitary-electrocardiography-method-for-tip-location-of-jugular-internal-vein-access-device-in-infants-of-less-than-5-kg-a-pilot-study
#7
Rossella Mastroianni, Antonella Capasso, Gaetano Ausanio
PURPOSE: This is a prospective observational study conducted by neonatologists in neonatal intensive care unit from Sant'Anna and San Sebastiano Hospital, Caserta, Italy. The objective of the study is to verify the feasibility of intracavitary electrocardiography method for tip location of central venous access device in infants of less than 5 kg and evaluate the accuracy of the method in comparison with post-procedural echocardiographical verification of the tip position. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 27 patients weighted between 0...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644295/successful-management-of-suicidal-cut-throat-injury-with-internal-jugular-tracheal-and-esophageal-transection-a-case-report
#8
E H Naqvi Sayyed, Akhtar Sadik, M H Beg, Haseen Azam, Raza Nadeem, Ali Eram
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643643/ultrasound-guided-internal-jugular-vein-cannulation-can-an-artery-be-missed
#9
Gyaninder Pal Singh, Vikas Chauhan, Indu Kapoor, Abhyuday Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643555/ultrasound-guided-internal-jugular-vein-cannulation-in-infants-comparative-evaluation-of-novel-modified-short-axis-out-of-plane-approach-with-conventional-short-axis-out-of-plane-approach
#10
Amit Rastogi, Aarti Agarwal, Puneet Goyal, Vansh Priya, Sanjay Dhiraaj, Rudrashish Haldar
Background and Aims: Central venous cannulation (CVC) through right internal jugular vein (IJV) route is routinely performed in paediatric patients undergoing major surgery and in those admitted to intensive care units. A novel technique (modified short-axis out-of-plane [MSA-OOP]) to improve first pass success rate of ultrasound-guided IJV CVC in neonates and infants is being compared with conventional SA-OOP method. Methods: A total of 120 patients were enroled in the study over a period of 6 months...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627658/routine-chest-x-ray-is-unnecessary-after-ultrasound-guided-central-venous-line-placement-in-the-operating-room
#11
David C Woodland, C Randall Cooper, M Farzan Rashid, Vilma L Rosario, Paul David Weyker, Joshua Weintraub, Stuart Bentley-Hibbert, Michael D Kluger
BACKGROUND: Central venous catheters (CVC) can be useful for perioperative monitoring and insertion has low complication rates. However, routine post insertion chest X-rays have become standard of care and contribute to health care costs with limited impact on patient management. METHODS: 200 patient charts who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy with central line placement and early line removal were reviewed for clinical complications related to central line placement as well as radiographic evidence of malpositioning...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627244/jugular-arginine-infusion-relieves-lipopolysaccharide-triggered-inflammatory-stress-and-improves-immunity-status-of-lactating-dairy-cows
#12
F F Zhao, T Y Wu, H R Wang, L Y Ding, Gulzar Ahmed, H W Li, W Tian, Y Z Shen
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of jugular l-Arg infusion on performance and immune function during lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation of lactating dairy cows. Eight Holstein cows (multiparous, 608.8 ± 31.5 kg) at mid-lactation were randomly assigned to 5-d jugular infusions of control (saline), Arg (3 g/h), LPS (0.033 μg/kg per h), and LPS + Arg (0.033 μg/kg per h of LPS and 3 g/h of Arg) in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design with 4 infusion periods separated by 10-d noninfusion periods...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626474/canstatin-modulates-l-type-calcium-channel-activity-in-rat-ventricular-cardiomyocytes
#13
Keisuke Imoto, Masaki Hirakawa, Muneyoshi Okada, Hideyuki Yamawaki
Excessive increase of cytosolic Ca2+ through the activation of L-type Ca2+ channels (LTCCs) via β adrenergic receptor induces apoptosis of cardiomyocytes. Canstatin, a cleaved fragment of collagen type IV α2 chain, is abundantly expressed in normal heart tissue. We previously reported that canstatin inhibits β adrenergic receptor-stimulated apoptosis in cardiomyoblasts. Here, we tested the hyposeis that canstatin regulates LTCCs activity in ventricular cardiomyocytes. Collagen type IV α2 chain (COL4A2) small interfering (si) RNA (for canstatin suppression) or control siRNA was injected via jugular vein in Wistar rats...
April 4, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626348/clinical-outcomes-after-colopexy-through-left-ventral-paramedian-incision-in-156-thoroughbred-broodmares-with-large-colon-disorders-1999-2015
#14
Alecsya H Broyles, Scott A Hopper, J Brett Woodie, Alan J Ruggles
OBJECTIVE: To describe a technique for colopexy via a left ventral paramedian incision and report postoperative clinical outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: One hundred fifty-six thoroughbred broodmares treated with a colopexy through a left ventral paramedian incision between 1999 and 2015. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for postoperative complications and survival to discharge. The survival rate at 1 year after surgery was based on the medical record, progeny record, or client telephone conversation...
April 6, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625555/subarachnoid-hemorrhage-after-transient-global-amnesia-caused-by-cerebral-venous-congestion-case-report
#15
Yuta Maetani, Masahiro Nakamori, Tomoaki Watanabe, Hayato Matsushima, Eiji Imamura, Shinichi Wakabayashi
BACKGROUND: Transient global amnesia is reported to be caused by cerebral venous congestion. Internal jugular venous flow reversal in particular with the Valsalva maneuver leads to cerebral venous congestion. In addition, Valsalva maneuver can also induce subarachnoid hemorrhage. Transient global amnesia and subarachnoid hemorrhage might have common a pathophysiology in cerebral venous congestion. CASE PRESENTATION: We report here the case of a 57-year-old woman who twice experienced convexal subarachnoid hemorrhage just after straining at stool following an episode of transient global amnesia...
April 6, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622977/clinical-and-laboratory-characteristics-of-short-term-mortality-in-egyptian-patients-with-acute-heart-failure
#16
Ahmad Tageldien Abdellah, Alaa Desouky Mohamed, Hamdy Ali Hendawi, Magdi Ali Omera
Objective: To identify the clinical and laboratory predictors of short-term mortality in patients with acute heart failure (AHF). Subjects and methods: We conducted a prospective, single center study on 120 consecutive patients presented with acute heart failure to the emergency department. All patients had clinical, laboratory, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic evaluation. Short-term mortality was reported within 30 days of presentation. Results: Mean age was 59...
September 2017: The Egyptian heart journal: (EHJ): official bulletin of the Egyptian Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619861/safety-and-efficacy-of-the-oblique-axis-plane-in-ultrasound-guided-internal-jugular-vein-puncture-a-meta-analysis
#17
Shuai Miao, Xiuli Wang, Lan Zou, Ye Zhao, Guanglei Wang, Yuepeng Liu, Su Liu
Objective This meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the oblique-axis plane in ultrasound-guided internal jugular vein puncture. Methods We searched Embase, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure for relevant randomized clinical trials comparing the oblique axis with the short axis in ultrasound-guided internal jugular vein puncture. Results Five randomized clinical trials were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled meta-analysis showed that the incidence of arterial puncture in the oblique-axis group was significantly lower than that in the short-axis group...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619581/approach-to-undifferentiated-dyspnea-in-emergency-department-aids-in-rapid-clinical-decision-making
#18
Siva Nageswara Rao Guttikonda, Kiran Vadapalli
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis and management of patients presenting with acute dyspnea is one of the major challenges for physicians in emergency department (ED). A correct diagnosis is frequently delayed and difficult to ascertain, and clinical uncertainty is common, explaining the need for rapid diagnosis and a management plan. The primary aim of our study is to assess a diagnostic strategy using multiorgan point of care ultrasonography (USG) to differentiate patients presenting with acute dyspnea to ED into different diagnostic categories for timely management in a resource-limited setting...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618485/ultrasound-guidance-for-internal-jugular-vein-cannulation-in-picu-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Tiago Henrique de Souza, Marcelo Barciela Brandão, Thiago Martins Santos, Ricardo Mendes Pereira, Roberto José Negrão Nogueira
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether ultrasound guidance was advantageous over the anatomical landmark technique when performed by inexperienced paediatricians. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A paediatric intensive care unit of a teaching hospital. PATIENTS: 80 children (aged 28 days to <14 years). INTERVENTIONS: Internal jugular vein cannulation with ultrasound guidance in real time or the anatomical landmark technique...
April 4, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617792/evaluating-intimal-hyperplasia-under-clinical-conditions
#20
Ioanna Mylonaki, Elisabeth Allain, Francesco Strano, Eric Allémann, Jean-Marc Corpataux, Paolo Meda, Olivier Jordan, Florence Delie, Anne-Laure Rougemont, Jacques-Antoine Haefliger, François Saucy
OBJECTIVES: Open arterial revascularization using venous segments is frequently associated with the development of intimal hyperplasia (IH), leading to severe restenosis and graft failure. The lack of treatment to prevent this pathology is a major problem. Therefore, we generated a new porcine model, which closely mimics the clinical development of human IH, to test the therapeutic potential of candidate drugs. METHODS: A patch of jugular vein was sutured to the right common carotid artery of pigs, to expose the vein to haemodynamic conditions of the arterial bed...
March 30, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
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