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Oral care ICU

Tarek Assi, Elie El Rassy, Tony Ibrahim, Tania Moussa, Aline Tohme, Fadi El Karak, Fadi Farhat, Salma Faddoul, Marwan Ghosn, Joseph Kattan
INTRODUCTION: One major health care issue encountered in elderly cancer patients is the alteration of the quality of life. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the administration of chemotherapy in the last month of life (CLML) and to evaluate the impact of the palliative care consult (PCC) in the elderly patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational study that included elderly patients diagnosed with an end-stage cancer and who were deceased between the 1st of January 2012 and the 31st of December 2015...
October 13, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Kay Choong See, Si Yu Peng, Jason Phua, Chew Lai Sum, Johncy Concepcion
BACKGROUND: Swallowing difficulties are common, and dysphagia occurs frequently in intensive care unit (ICU) patients after extubation. Yet, no guidelines on postextubation swallowing assessment exist. We aimed to investigate the safety and effectiveness of nurse-performed screening (NPS) for postextubation dysphagia in the medical ICU. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of mechanically ventilated patients who were extubated in a 20-bed medical ICU...
October 12, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Manoj Kumar Sahu, Anuradha Singal, Ramesh Menon, Sarvesh Pal Singh, Alka Mohan, Mala Manral, Divya Singh, V Devagouru, Sachin Talwar, Shiv Kumar Choudhary
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adequate nutritional supplementation in infants with cardiac malformations after surgical repair is a challenge. Critically ill infants in the early postoperative period are in a catabolic stress. The mismatch between estimated energy requirement (EER) and the intake in the postoperative period is multifactorial, predisposing them to complications such as immune deficiency, more infection, and growth failure. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and efficacy of enriched breast milk feed on postoperative recovery and growth of infants after open heart surgery...
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Lawrence A DeLuca, Paul Walsh, Donald D Davidson, Lisa R Stoneking, Laurel M Yang, Kristi J H Grall, M Jessica Gonzaga, Wanda J Larson, Uwe Stolz, Dylan M Sabb, Kurt R Denninghoff
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) has been linked to emergency department (ED) intubation and length of stay (LOS). We assessed VAP prevalence in ED intubated patients, feasibility of ED VAP prevention, and effect on VAP rates. METHODS: This was a quality improvement initiative using a pre/post design. Phase 1 (PRE1) comprised patients before intensive care unit (ICU) bundle deployment. Phase 2 (PRE2) occurred after ICU but before ED deployment. Phase 3 (POST) included patients received VAP prevention starting at ED intubation...
September 21, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Itai Bendavid, Pierre Singer, Miriam Theilla, Michael Themessl-Huber, Isabella Sulz, Mohamed Mouhieddine, Christian Schuh, Bruno Mora, Michael Hiesmayr
INTRODUCTION: To determine the nutrition practice in intensive care units and the associated outcome across the world, a yearly 1 day cross sectional audit was performed from 2007 to 2013. The data of this initiative called "nutritionDay ICU" were analyzed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire translated in 17 languages was used to determine the unit's characteristics, patient's condition, nutrition condition and therapy as well as outcome. All the patients present in the morning of the 1 day prevalence study were included from 2007 to 2013...
August 9, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Chandraprakash Umapathy, Amit Raina, Shreyas Saligram, Gong Tang, Georgios I Papachristou, Mordechai Rabinovitz, Jennifer Chennat, Herbert Zeh, Amer H Zureikat, Melissa E Hogg, Kenneth K Lee, Melissa I Saul, David C Whitcomb, Adam Slivka, Dhiraj Yadav
BACKGROUND: Most studies of acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) focus on short-term outcomes. We evaluated long-term survival and outcomes following ANP. METHODS: Patients treated for ANP at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center from 2001 to 2008 were studied. Data on presentation and course during initial hospitalization and follow-up (median 34 months) was extracted. RESULTS: Mean age of patients (n = 167) was 53 ± 16 years; 70 % were male, 94 % white, 71 % transfers, 52 % biliary etiology, and 78 % had first-attack of acute pancreatitis...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Daniel McDonald, Gail Ackermann, Ludmila Khailova, Christine Baird, Daren Heyland, Rosemary Kozar, Margot Lemieux, Karrie Derenski, Judy King, Christine Vis-Kampen, Rob Knight, Paul E Wischmeyer
Critical illness is hypothesized to associate with loss of "health-promoting" commensal microbes and overgrowth of pathogenic bacteria (dysbiosis). This dysbiosis is believed to increase susceptibility to nosocomial infections, sepsis, and organ failure. A trial with prospective monitoring of the intensive care unit (ICU) patient microbiome using culture-independent techniques to confirm and characterize this dysbiosis is thus urgently needed. Characterizing ICU patient microbiome changes may provide first steps toward the development of diagnostic and therapeutic interventions using microbiome signatures...
July 2016: MSphere
Rubén Barba-Navarro, Mirell Tapia-Silva, Carlos Garza-Garcia, Salvador López-Giacoman, Ipsae Melgoza-Toral, Armando Vázquez-Rangel, Silvana Bazúa-Valenti, Norma Bobadilla, Michael Wasung de Lay, Francisco Baranda, Lakhmir S Chawla, Gerardo Gamba, Magdalena Madero
BACKGROUND: Cardiac surgery-related acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common postoperative complication that greatly increases morbidity and mortality. There are currently no effective interventions to prevent AKI associated with cardiac surgery. Experimental data have shown that administration of the mineralocorticoid receptor blocker spironolactone prevents renal injury induced by ischemia-reperfusion in rats. The objective of this study was to test whether short-term perioperative administration of oral spironolactone could reduce the incidence of AKI in cardiac surgical patients...
August 10, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Suma B Hoffman, Natalie Terrell, Colleen Hughes Driscoll, Natalie L Davis
BACKGROUND: Heated humidified high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is thought to be comparable with nasal CPAP. The effect of multimodality mid-level respiratory support use in the neonatal ICU is unknown. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of introducing HFNC on length of respiratory support and stay. METHODS: A chart review was conducted on subjects at 24-32 weeks gestation requiring mid-level support (HFNC/nasal CPAP) 1 y before and after HFNC implementation...
October 2016: Respiratory Care
Antonio Izzo, Renato Rosiello, Giuseppe Lucchini, Luca Tomasi, Paola Mantovani, Corrado Lettieri, Nicola Baccaglioni, Michele Romano, Francesca Buffoli, Beatrice Izzo, Roberto Zanini
AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess whether in S-T Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) a relationship between early administration of abciximab and Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow before and after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in 960 consecutive patients exists. METHODS: From 1 February 2001 onward, in the Province of Mantua it has been operating a 'Cardiology Network for the Acute Infarction Care' having its Hub in the Central Coronary ICU/Cath Lab of Mantua Hospital and being its Spokes centers represented by the emergency rooms and Central Coronary ICUs of the four territorial hospitals...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Meiling Yu, Jianghua Qian, Daohua Guo, Li Li, Xiaolin Liu
A 61-year-old female patient was admitted to hospital following development of a whole-body rash for 10 days, diarrhea for 7 days, and unconsciousness and oliguria for 1 day. The patient had developed stomach discomfort following the oral administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, the exact nature of which was unknown, for the treatment of arthritic pain for >1 month. The patient was then prescribed omeprazole enteric-coated tablets (20 mg twice daily) for treatment of this symptom. However, the patient developed a whole-body rash 7 days after administering omeprazole, 10 days prior to admission...
August 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Jenny E Han, Jennifer L Jones, Vin Tangpricha, Mona A Brown, Lou Ann S Brown, Li Hao, Gautam Hebbar, Moon Jeong Lee, Shuling Liu, Thomas R Ziegler, Greg S Martin
BACKGROUND: There is a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the critically ill patient population. Several intensive care unit studies have demonstrated an association between vitamin D deficiency [25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) < 20 ng/mL] and increased hospital length of stay (LOS), readmission rate, sepsis and mortality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Pilot, double blind randomized control trial conducted on mechanically ventilated adult ICU patients. Subjects were administered either placebo, 50,000 IU vitamin D3 or 100,000 IU vitamin D3 daily for 5 consecutive days enterally (total vitamin D3 dose = 250,000 IU or 500,000 IU, respectively)...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
Sue Reaper, Cameron Green, Sachin Gupta, Ravindranath Tiruvoipati
BACKGROUND: Patients who are intubated in the ICU are at risk of developing pressure injuries to the mouth and lips from endotracheal tubes. Clear documentation is important for pressure wound care; however, no validated instruments currently exist for the staging of pressure injuries to the oral mucosa. Instruments designed for the assessment of pressure injuries to other bodily regions are anatomically unsuited to the lips and mouth. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to develop and then assess the reliability of a novel scale for the assessment of pressure injuries to the mouth and oral mucosa...
July 8, 2016: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
Tejaswini Arunachala Murthy, Pradeep Rangappa, B J Anil, Ipe Jacob, Karthik Rao
BACKGROUND: Benefit of early enteral feeds in surgical patients admitted to Intensive Care Units (ICUs) has been emphasized by several studies. Apprehensions about anastomotic leaks in gastrointestinal surgical patients prevent initiation of early enteral nutrition (EN). The impact of these practices on outcome in Indian scenario is less studied. AIMS: This study compares the impact of early EN (within 48 h after surgery) with late EN (48 h postsurgery) on outcomes in abdominal surgical ICU patients...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Christine M Akamine, Michael B Ing, Christian S Jackson, Lawrence K Loo
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) unresponsive to the standard treatments of metronidazole and oral vancomycin requires aggressive medical management and possible surgical intervention including colectomy. Intracolonic vancomycin therapy has been reported to be particularly promising in the setting of severe CDI in the presence of ileus. This is a descriptive case series exploring the effect of adjunctive intracolonic vancomycin therapy on the morbidity and mortality in patients with moderate to severe CDI...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Ying Chen, En-Qiang Mao, Yi-Jun Yang, Shu-Yuan Zhao, Cheng Zhu, Xiao-Fei Wang, Feng Jing, Hui-Qiu Sheng, Zhi-Tao Yang, Er-Zhen Chen
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial pneumonia is one of the most common health care-associated infections in intensive care units (ICUs) worldwide, attributing to high morbidity and mortality. Our study aim is to investigate the effectiveness of oral hygiene with 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX) and 0.08% metronidazole (MDE) influencing the microbiologic epidemiology and incidence of nonintubation pneumonia (NIP) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). METHODS: Patients who stayed >48 hours in the emergency ICU between 2008 and 2012 were enrolled and provided oral hygiene by swabbing with 0...
June 14, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Nirav H Shah, Lynn V Do, Justin Petrovich, Kathryn Crozier, Carmil Azran, S Andrew Josephson
BACKGROUND: The mainstay of acute management of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is blood pressure reduction. Intravenous (IV) nicardipine is an effective but costly intervention for blood pressure reduction in the intensive care unit (ICU). Earlier transition to oral (PO) antihypertensive agents may reduce ICU length of stay (LOS) and associated costs. We sought to study the effectiveness of an interdisciplinary intervention to start earlier transition to PO antihypertensives. METHODS: From July 2011 to July 2012, patients with ICH who received IV nicardipine were reviewed and screened for eligibility by an interdisciplinary team including physicians and pharmacists...
September 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Kenneth B Christopher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although low vitamin D levels have been shown to be a risk factor for adverse outcomes in critical care, it is not clear to date if supplementation can alter such outcomes in all ICU patients. The focus of vitamin D research now is on interventional trials to identify a critically ill patient subset who may benefit from high-dose vitamin D supplementation. RECENT FINDINGS: The VITdAL-ICU trial, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single center trial of 475 heterogeneous critically ill patients, did not show improvement in hospital length of stay or overall mortality but did demonstrate in a secondary outcome that high-dose oral vitamin D3 improved mortality in patients with severe vitamin D deficiency...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Pascal L Langlois, Gil Hardy, William Manzanares
BACKGROUND: Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFA) supplementation is an attractive therapeutic option for patients undergoing open-heart surgery due to their anti-inflammatory and anti-arrhythmic properties. Several randomized controlled trials (RCT) have found contradictory results for perioperative ω-3 PUFA administration. Therefore, we conducted an updated systematic review and meta-analysis evaluating the effects of perioperative ω-3 PUFA on some clinically important outcomes for cardiac surgery...
May 27, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Alexandre Franco Miranda, Renata Monteiro de Paula, Cinthia Gonçalves Barbosa de Castro Piau, Priscila Paganini Costa, Ana Cristina Barreto Bezerra
OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of knowledge and difficulties concerning hospitalized patients regarding preventive oral health measures among professionals working in Intensive Care Units (ICUs). STUDY POPULATION AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 71 health professionals working in the ICU. A self-administered questionnaire was used to determine the methods used, frequency, and attitude toward oral care provided to patients in Brazilian ICUs...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
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