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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933325/psychrobacillus-lasiicapitis-sp-nov-isolated-from-the-head-of-an-ant-lasius-fuliginosus
#1
Yibo Shen, Yansong Fu, Yang Yu, Junwei Zhao, Jiansong Li, Yao Li, Xiangjing Wang, Ji Zhang, Wensheng Xiang
A novel Gram-stain-positive, motile, endospore-forming, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain NEAU-3TGS17T, was isolated from the head of an ant (Lasius fuliginosus). The isolate grew at 0-35 °C (optimum 28-30 °C), at pH 6.0-11.0 (optimum pH 7.0-8.0) and with 0-6 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 0 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain NEAU-3TGS17T belonged to the genus Psychrobacillus. Sequence similarities between strain NEAU-3TGS17T and members of the genus Psychrobacillus with validly published names (Psychrobacillus psychrotolerans DSM 11706T, Psychrobacillus insolitus DSM 5T, Psychrobacillus psychrodurans DSM 11713T and Psychrobacillus soli NBRC 110600T) were 98...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933315/massilia-buxea-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-rock-surface
#2
Le-Ni Sun, En-Dong Yang, Dan-Xi Cui, Ye-Wen Ni, Yu-Bo Wang, Dong-Dong Sun, Wei-Yun Wang
A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped and motile bacterial strain, designated A9T, was isolated from the surface of rock collected from the shore of Nvshan lake in Mingguang, Anhui province, China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rDNA sequence data showed that strain A9T was affiliated with the genus Massilia and showed the highest sequence similarities to Massilia plicata KCTC 12344T (98.8 %) and Massilia lurida CGMCC 1.10822T (97.9 %). The major fatty acids (>5 %) were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C15 : 0 iso 2-OH), C16 : 0 and C18 : 1ω7c...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931307/autism-spectrum-disorder-screening-with-the-cbcl-1%C3%A2-5-findings-for-young-children-at-high-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Leslie A Rescorla, Breanna M Winder-Patel, Sarah J Paterson, Juhi Pandey, Jason J Wolff, Robert T Schultz, Joseph Piven
The screening power of the CBCL/1½-5's Withdrawn and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Pervasive Developmental Problems (DSM-PDP) scales to identify children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder at 24 months was tested in a longitudinal, familial high-risk study. Participants were 56 children at high risk for autism spectrum disorder due to an affected older sibling (high-risk group) and 26 low-risk children with a typically developing older sibling (low-risk group). At 24 months, 13 of the 56 high-risk children were diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, whereas the other 43 were not...
September 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924183/the-associations-of-earlier-trauma-exposures-and-history-of-mental-disorders-with-ptsd-after-subsequent-traumas
#4
R C Kessler, S Aguilar-Gaxiola, J Alonso, E J Bromet, O Gureje, E G Karam, K C Koenen, S Lee, H Liu, B-E Pennell, M V Petukhova, N A Sampson, V Shahly, D J Stein, L Atwoli, G Borges, B Bunting, G de Girolamo, S F Gluzman, J M Haro, H Hinkov, N Kawakami, V Kovess-Masfety, F Navarro-Mateu, J Posada-Villa, K M Scott, A Y Shalev, M Ten Have, Y Torres, M C Viana, A M Zaslavsky
Although earlier trauma exposure is known to predict posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after subsequent traumas, it is unclear whether this association is limited to cases where the earlier trauma led to PTSD. Resolution of this uncertainty has important implications for research on pretrauma vulnerability to PTSD. We examined this issue in the World Health Organization (WHO) World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys with 34 676 respondents who reported lifetime trauma exposure. One lifetime trauma was selected randomly for each respondent...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922591/baseline-characteristics-and-early-response-at-week-1-predict-treatment-outcome-in-adolescents-with-bipolar-manic-or-mixed-episode-treated-with-olanzapine-results-from-a-3-week-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#5
Le Xiao, Stephen J Ganocy, Robert L Findling, Kiki Chang, Melissa P DelBello, John M Kane, Mauricio Tohen, Yu-Tao Xiang, Christoph U Correll
BACKGROUND: Early predictors of response and remission in pediatric mania are lacking, requiring further study. METHODS: This was a post hoc analysis of a 3-week, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of olanzapine conducted between November 2002 and May 2005 in 161 adolescents aged 13-17 years who were diagnosed with a DSM-IV acute manic or mixed episode of bipolar I disorder. Data from the olanzapine arm were analyzed to investigate the predictive power of early response or early nonresponse (≥25% or < 25% reduction in Young Mania Rating Scale [YMRS] score, respectively) at week 1 for ultimate response or nonresponse (≥ 50% or < 50% reduction in YMRS score, respectively) and for remission (YMRS total score ≤ 12 [standard definition] or ≤ 8 [stringent definition]) at week 3...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922590/efficacy-and-safety-of-the-%C3%AE-7-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-agonist-abt-126-in-the-treatment-of-cognitive-impairment-associated-with-schizophrenia-results-from-a-phase-2b-randomized-controlled-study-in-smokers
#6
George M Haig, Deli Wang, Jun Zhao, Ahmed A Othman, Earle E Bain
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the α₇-nicotinic receptor agonist ABT-126 for treatment of cognitive impairment in stable subjects with schizophrenia who smoke. METHODS: A 12-week double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study was conducted from August 2012 to March 2014. Subjects with a diagnosis of schizophrenia based on DSM-IV-TR criteria (confirmed by the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview version 6.0.0) were randomized 1:1:1 to ABT-126 25 mg, ABT-126 75 mg, or placebo once daily while maintained on their background antipsychotic medication...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922589/higher-baseline-proinflammatory-cytokines-mark-poor-antidepressant-response-in-bipolar-disorder
#7
Francesco Benedetti, Sara Poletti, Thomas A Hoogenboezem, Clara Locatelli, Harm de Wit, Annemarie J M Wijkhuijs, Cristina Colombo, Hemmo A Drexhage
BACKGROUND: The clinical relevance of raised levels of circulating cytokines in bipolar disorder is still unclear. Cytokines influence neurotransmitters, neuroplasticity, and white matter integrity. An inconsistent literature suggests that higher cytokine levels could hamper antidepressant response. Total sleep deprivation (TSD) and light therapy (LT) prompt a rapid antidepressant response and can provide a model treatment to study predictors of response. METHODS: We studied at baseline 15 immune-regulating compounds in 37 consecutively admitted inpatients with a major depressive episode in the course of bipolar disorder (DSM-5 criteria) and in 24 controls...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921930/big-five-aspects-of-personality-interact-to-predict-depression
#8
Timothy A Allen, Bridget E Carey, Carolina McBride, R Michael Bagby, Colin G DeYoung, Lena C Quilty
OBJECTIVE: Research has shown that three personality traits-neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness-moderate one another in a three-way interaction that predicts depressive symptoms in healthy populations. We test the hypothesis that this effect is driven by three-lower order traits: withdrawal, industriousness, and enthusiasm. We then replicate this interaction within a clinical population for the first time. METHOD: Sample 1 included 376 healthy adults...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920849/flavimarina-flava-sp-nov-isolated-from-salicornia-herbacea
#9
Eui-Sang Cho, In-Tae Cha, Jung-Min Park, Hak-Jong Choi, Jong Hun Lee, Seong Woon Roh, Eun-Ah Cho, Mee-Hyang Kweon, Young-Do Nam, Myung-Ji Seo
A Gram-stain-negative, motile-by-gliding, aerobic, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped and yellow-pigmented bacterium was isolated from Salicornia herbacea in the Yellow Sea and designated as strain MBLN091T. It belonged to the family Flavobacteriaceae. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of this isolated strain was similar to that of Flavimarina pacifica IDSW-73T with 94.8 % similarity, and with 92.3-92.8 % similarities to those of other closely related species of the genus Leeuwenhoekiella. The similarities of the RNA polymerase subunit B gene between this strain and F...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920840/flavobacterium-dispersum-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-freshwater-spring
#10
Wen-Ming Chen, Ching-Ling Su, Shih-Yi Sheu
A novel bacterial strain MVW-23T was isolated from a freshwater spring in Taiwan. The strain was Gram-staining-negative, strictly aerobic, motile by gliding, rod-shaped and formed translucent yellow colonies. Optimal growth occurred at 20-30 °C, pH 7.0, and in the presence of 0.5-1 % NaCl. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain MVW-23T belonged to the genus Flavobacterium and showed the highest levels of sequence similarity with respect to Flavobacterium denitrificans ED5T (97...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920832/salinifilum-gen-nov-with-description-of-salinifilum-proteinilyticum-sp-nov-an-extremely-halophilic-actinomycete-isolated-from-meighan-wetland-iran-and-reclassification-of-saccharopolyspora-aidingensis-as-salinifilum-aidingensis-comb-nov-and-saccharopolyspora
#11
Mahdi Moshtaghi Nikou, Mohaddaseh Ramezani, Sharareh Harirchi, Somayyeh Makzoom, Mohammad Ali Amoozegar, Seyed Abolhassan Shahzadeh Fazeli, Peter Schumann, Antonio Ventosa
A Gram-positive, halophilic actinobacterial strain Miq-12T was isolated from Meighan wetland in Iran. Strain Miq-12T was strictly aerobic, catalase positive and oxidase negative. The isolate grew at 12-25 % NaCl, at 30-50 °C and pH 5.5-10.5. The optimum NaCl, temperature and pH for growth were 15-20 %, 40 °C and 7.0-8.0, respectively. The cell wall of strain Miq-12T contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as diagnostic diamino acid and arabinose as whole-cell sugar. The polar lipid pattern consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylinositol...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920830/reclassification-of-thiomicrospira-hydrogeniphila-watsuji-et-al-2016-to-thiomicrorhabdus-hydrogenophila-comb-nov-with-emended-description-of-thiomicrorhabdus-boden-et-al-2017
#12
Rich Boden, Kathleen M Scott, Alexander W Rae, Lee P Hutt
The genus Thiomicrorhabdus (Tmr) in the Piskirickettsiaceae in the Thiotrichales of the Gammaproteobacteria contains four species of sulfur-oxidising obligate chemolithoautotroph with validly published names, all previously classified as Thiomicrospira (Tms) species. Here we demonstrate that Thiomicrospira hydrogeniphila, a recently published hydrogen-utilising chemolithoautotroph closely related to Thiomicrorhabdus frisia (type species of Thiomicrorhabdus) should be classified as a member of the genus Thiomicrorhabdus and not Thiomicrospira, as Thiomicrorhabdus hydrogeniphila comb...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920827/marmoricola-endophyticus-sp-nov-an-endophytic-actinobacterium-isolated-from-thespesia-populnea
#13
Zhong-Ke Jiang, Zhen Pan, Fei-Na Li, Xiao-Jun Li, Shao-Wei Liu, Li Tuo, Ming-Guo Jiang, Cheng-Hang Sun
A novel endophytic actinobacterium, designated strain 8BXZ-J1T, was isolated from surface-sterilized branches of Thespesia populnea collected from Beilun Estuary Mangrove Forest National Nature Reserve in Guangxi, China, and examined by a polyphasic approach to determine its taxonomic position. Cells of the isolate were Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, non-spore-forming, non-motile and short rod-shaped. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences suggested that strain 8BXZ-J1T belonged to the genus Marmoricola, sharing highest similarity with Marmoricola solisilvae DSM 27140T (96...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905696/paralkalibacillus-indicireducens-gen-nov-sp-nov-an-indigo-reducing-obligate-alkaliphile-isolated-from-indigo-fermentation-liquor-used-for-dyeing
#14
Kikue Hirota, Masatoshi Nishita, Hidetoshi Matsuyama, Isao Yumoto
Obligately alkaliphilic, indigo-reducing strains, designated Bps-1T, Bps-2 and Bps-3, were isolated from an indigo fermentation liquor used for dyeing, which was produced from sukumo (composted Polygonum indigo leaves) obtained from a craft centre in Data City, Hokkaido, Japan, by using medium containing cellulase-treated sukumo. The 16S rRNA gene sequence phylogeny suggested that Bps-1T has a distinctive position among the alkaliphilic species of the genus Bacillus, with its closest neighbours being Bacillus pseudofirmus DSM 8715T, Bacillus lindianensis DSM 26864T and Bacillus alcalophilus DSM 485T (96...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905166/efficacy-of-a-self-help-treatment-for-at-risk-and-pathological-gamblers
#15
Catherine Boudreault, Isabelle Giroux, Christian Jacques, Annie Goulet, Hélène Simoneau, Robert Ladouceur
Available evidence suggests that self-help treatments may reduce problem gambling severity but inconsistencies of results across clinical trials leave the extent of their benefits unclear. Moreover, no self-help treatment has yet been validated within a French Canadian setting. The current study therefore assesses the efficacy of a French language self-help treatment including three motivational telephone interviews spread over an 11-week period and a cognitive-behavioral self-help workbook. At-risk and pathological gamblers were randomly assigned to the treatment group (n = 31) or the waiting list (n = 31)...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903799/a-comparison-of-outcomes-according-to-different-diagnostic-systems-for-delirium-dsm-5-dsm-iv-cam-and-drs-r98
#16
Dimitrios Adamis, David Meagher, Siobhan Rooney, Owen Mulligan, Geraldine McCarthy
Studies indicate that DSM-5 criteria for delirium are relatively restrictive, and identify different cases of delirium compared with previous systems. We evaluate four outcomes of delirium (mortality, length of hospital stay, institutionalization, and cognitive improvement) in relation to delirium defined by different DSM classification systems. Prospective, longitudinal study of patients aged 70+ admitted to medical wards of a general hospital. Participants were assessed up to a maximum of four times during two weeks, using DSM-5 and DSM-IV criteria, DRS-R98 and CAM scales as proxies for DSM III-R and DSM III...
September 14, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901904/chryseomicrobium-deserti-sp-nov-isolated-from-desert-soil-in-south-korea
#17
Pei Lin, Zheng-Fei Yan, Chang-Tian Li, MooChang Kook, Qi-Jun Wang, Tae-Hoo Yi
A Gram-stain positive, aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium (THG-T1.18T) was isolated from desert soil. Growth occurred at 20-35 °C (optimum 28-30 °C), at pH 5-7 (optimum 7) and at 0-4 % NaCl (optimum 0-1 %). Based on 16S rRNA sequence analysis, the nearest phylogenetic neighbours of strain THG-T1.18T were identified as Chryseomicrobium amylolyticum DSM 23442T (96.6 %), Chryseomicrobium imtechense JCM 16573T (96.3 %) and Chryseomicrobium aureum KACC 17219T (96.1 %). The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, two unidentified aminolipids and one unidentified glycolipid...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895523/characterisation-of-a-newly-isolated-member-of-a-candidatus-lineage-marispirochaeta-aestuarii-gen-nov-sp-nov
#18
Y Shivani, Y Subhash, Ch Sasikala, Ch V Ramana
Metagenome analysis of coastal marine habitats of Gujarat, India indicated the presence of twelve novel putative lineages of spirochaetes. Out of which a strain designated JC444T representing a novel putative lineage seven was isolated and characterized based on a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Strain JC444T was helical, Gram-stain-negative, obligate anaerobe, catalase and oxidase negative. Strain JC444T was able to grow at 15-45 °C (optimum at 30-35 °C), pH 6.5-8.6 (optimum at 7.5-8.0) and 0.6-5 % (optimum at 1...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895522/flavobacterium-quisquiliarum-sp-nov-isolated-from-activated-sludge
#19
Bo Zhang, Zhi-Qiang Liu, Yu-Guo Zheng
A Gram-staining-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacterium, EA-12T, was isolated from activated sludge in Fujian Province, PR China. The results of phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that it was closely related to Flavobacterium pectinovorum DSM 6368T (97.5 %), Flavobacterium banpakuense 15F3T (97.0 %) and Flavobacterium arsenitoxidans S2-3HT (96.9 %). Cells grew at 15-37 °C (optimum, 25 °C), at pH 5.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and in the presence of 0-1.0 % (w/v) NaCl. The strain contained MK-6 as the major menaquinone and the major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω6c and/or C16 : 1ω7c) and C16 : 0 3-OH...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895509/mycoplasma-tullyi-sp-nov-isolated-from-penguins-of-the-genus-spheniscus
#20
Christine A Yavari, Ana S Ramírez, Robin A J Nicholas, Alan D Radford, Alistair C Darby, Janet M Bradbury
A mycoplasma isolated from the liver of a dead Humboldt penguin (Spheniscus humboldti) and designated strain 56A97T, was investigated to determine its taxonomic status. Complete 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that the organism was most closely related to Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma imitans(99.7 and 99.9 % similarity, respectively). The average DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain 56A97T and M. gallisepticum and M. imitans were 39.5 and 30 %, respectively and the Genome to Genome Distance Calculator gave results of 29...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
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