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DSM 5.1

Makoto Chiba, Takanori Itabashi, Koujiro Hirai, Mitsuo Sakamoto, Moriya Ohkuma, Taichiro Ishige, Shinji Kawasaki
A strain (Hime 5-1T ) of lactic acid bacterium was isolated from the gut of the grasshopper Metrioptera engelhardti from a mountainous area of Nagano Prefecture, Japan. Strain Hime 5-1T had a low 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to known lactic acid bacteria, with the closest recognized relatives being Lactobacillus tucceti (96.7 %), Lactobacillus furfuricola (96.5 %), Lactobacillus versmoldensis (96.3 %) and Lactobacillus nodensis (96.1 %). Comparative analyses of the rpoA and pheS gene sequences indicated that Hime 5-1T is not closely related to other Lactobacillus species...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Helena Hörder, Lena Johansson, XinXin Guo, Gunnar Grimby, Silke Kern, Svante Östling, Ingmar Skoog
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether greater cardiovascular fitness in midlife is associated with decreased dementia risk in women followed up for 44 years. METHODS: A population-based sample of 1,462 women 38 to 60 years of age was examined in 1968. Of these, a systematic subsample comprising 191 women completed a stepwise-increased maximal ergometer cycling test to evaluate cardiovascular fitness. Subsequent examinations of dementia incidence were done in 1974, 1980, 1992, 2000, 2005, and 2009...
March 14, 2018: Neurology
Duy Vu Tran, Carol S North
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate potential association between psychopathology and subjective evaluation of the experience of debriefing in disaster-exposed rescue and recovery workers. METHODS: Structured diagnostic interviews for DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders were conducted with 166 firefighters who served as rescue and recovery workers for the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing, who categorized their satisfaction with the debriefing on 4 levels...
March 15, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Magali Ranchou-Peyruse, Marisol Goñi-Urriza, Marion Guignard, Marjorie Goas, Anthony Ranchou-Peyruse, Rémy Guyoneaud
The strain BerOc1T was isolated from brackish sediments contaminated with hydrocarbons and heavy metals. This strain has been used as a model strain of sulfate-reducer to study the biomethylation of mercury. The cells are vibrio-shaped, motile and not sporulated. Phylogeny and physiological traits placed this strain within the genus Pseudodesulfovibrio. Optimal growth was obtained at 30 °C, 1.5 % NaCl and pH 6.0-7.4. The estimated G+C content of the genomic DNA was 62.6 mol%. BerOc1T used lactate, pyruvate, fumarate, ethanol and hydrogen...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Terril L Verplaetse, Kelly E Moore, Brian P Pittman, Walter Roberts, Lindsay M Oberleitner, Philip H Smith, Kelly P Cosgrove, Sherry A McKee
Background: Stress contributes to the development and maintenance of substance use disorders (SUD), with some research suggesting that the impact of stress on SUD is greater in women. However, this has yet to be evaluated in a national dataset, across major substances of abuse. Methods: Using data from the newly available U.S. National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC; Wave 3; n =36,309) we evaluated relationships among past year stressful life events (0 or 1 vs...
January 2018: Chronic stress
Lea Ludwig, Joëlle A Pasman, Timothy Nicholson, Selma Aybek, Anthony S David, Sharon Tuck, Richard A Kanaan, Karin Roelofs, Alan Carson, Jon Stone
BACKGROUND: Stressful life events and maltreatment have traditionally been considered crucial in the development of conversion (functional neurological) disorder, but the evidence underpinning this association is not clear. We aimed to assess the association between stressors and functional neurological disorder. METHODS: We systematically reviewed controlled studies reporting stressors occurring in childhood or adulthood, such as stressful life events and maltreatment (including sexual, physical abuse, and emotional neglect) and functional neurological disorder...
March 8, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
Kimberly R Warren, Heidi J Wehring, Fang Liu, Robert P McMahon, Shuo Chen, Charlene Chester, Deanna L Kelly
Overweight and obesity in schizophrenia are prevalent, affecting half to three-quarters of people with schizophrenia. Hyperphagia and increased meal size have also been implicated as significant contributors to the weight gain problem. Oxytocin has shown to play a role in appetite control in humans and is considered an anorexigenic peptide. This two-day, within-subjects, challenge study involved the examination of satiety after administration of 24 IU oxytocin (intranasal) vs. placebo in participants with a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia (N = 16)...
March 7, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
Brittany Litster, Charles N Bernstein, Lesley A Graff, John R Walker, John D Fisk, Scott B Patten, James M Bolton, Jitender Sareen, Renée El-Gabalawy, R A Marrie
Background: Suicide is a leading cause of death worldwide. Transition from suicidal ideation (SI) to suicide attempt is high within a year of SI onset. The risk of suicide and SI is elevated in persons with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) versus the general population. We aimed to validate the Patient Heath Questionnaire (PHQ)-9 as a screening tool for SI in IBD and to determine factors associated with SI in IBD. Methods: IBD participants (n = 247) recruited from the community and clinics completed the PHQ-9 and participated in the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID)...
March 7, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Anna McKinnon, Robert Keers, Jonathan R I Coleman, Kathryn J Lester, Susanna Roberts, Kristian Arendt, Susan M Bögels, Peter Cooper, Cathy Creswell, Catharina A Hartman, Krister W Fjermestad, Tina In-Albon, Kristen Lavallee, Heidi J Lyneham, Patrick Smith, Richard Meiser-Stedman, Maaike H Nauta, Ronald M Rapee, Yasmin Rey, Silvia Schneider, Wendy K Silverman, Mikael Thastum, Kerstin Thirlwall, Gro Janne Wergeland, Thalia C Eley, Jennifer L Hudson
BACKGROUND: Several delivery formats of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for child anxiety have been proposed, however, there is little consensus on the optimal delivery format. The primary goal of this study was to investigate the impact of the child's primary anxiety diagnosis on changes in clinical severity (of the primary problem) during individual CBT, group CBT and guided parent-led CBT. The secondary goal was to investigate the impact of the child's primary anxiety diagnosis on rates of remission for the three treatment formats...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Covadonga M Díaz-Caneja, Mª Goretti Morón-Nozaleda, Raquel P Vicente-Moreno, Elisa Rodríguez-Toscano, Laura Pina-Camacho, Elena de la Serna, Gisela Sugranyes, Inmaculada Baeza, Soledad Romero, Vanessa Sánchez-Gistau, Josefina Castro-Fornieles, Carmen Moreno, Dolores Moreno
Shared vulnerability in offspring of individuals with schizophrenia (SzO) and bipolar disorder (BpO) might manifest early during development through common temperament traits. Temperament dimensions in child and adolescent BpO (N = 80), SzO (N = 34) and the offspring of community controls (CcO) (N = 101) were assessed using the Revised Dimensions of Temperament Survey. The association between temperament dimensions and lifetime psychopathology (including threshold and subthreshold DSM-IV-TR diagnoses) and current socio-academic adjustment was assessed using logistic regression...
March 8, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Karina Limburg, Chloe Y Shu, Hunna J Watson, Kimberley J Hoiles, Sarah J Egan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the DSM-IV, DSM-5, and ICD-10 eating disorders (ED) nomenclatures to assess their value in the classification of pediatric eating disorders. We investigated the prevalence of the disorders in accordance with each system's diagnostic criteria, diagnostic concordance between the systems, and interrater reliability. METHOD: Participants were 1062 children and adolescents assessed at intake to a specialist Eating Disorders Program (91...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Watsana Penkhrue, Kanaporn Sujarit, Takuji Kudo, Moriya Ohkuma, Kazuo Masaki, Tomoyasu Aizawa, Wasu Pathom-Aree, Chartchai Khanongnuch, Saisamorn Lumyong
A novel bioplastic-degrading actinomycete, strain SCM_MK2-4T , was isolated from paddy soil in Thailand. The 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain SCM_MK2-4T belonged to the genus Amycolatopsis, with the highest sequence similarity to Amycolatopsisazurea JCM 3275T (99.4 %), and was phylogenetically clustered with this strain along with Amycolatopsislurida JCM 3141T (99.3 %), A. japonica DSM 44213T (99.2 %), A. decaplanina DSM 44594T (99.0 %), A. roodepoortensis M29T (98.9 %), A. keratiniphilasubsp...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Tobias Luck, Alexander Pabst, Francisca S Rodriguez, Matthias L Schroeter, Veronica Witte, Andreas Hinz, Anja Mehnert, Christoph Engel, Markus Loeffler, Joachim Thiery, Arno Villringer, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
OBJECTIVE: To provide new age-, sex-, and education-specific reference values for an extended version of the well-established Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (CERAD-NAB) that additionally includes the Trail Making Test and the Verbal Fluency Test-S-Words. METHOD: Norms were calculated based on the cognitive performances of n = 1,888 dementia-free participants (60-79 years) from the population-based German LIFE-Adult-Study...
March 8, 2018: Neuropsychology
Madhulika A Gupta, Patricia Jarosz
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with suicidal ideation (SI) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). There are no studies of OSA diagnosed by sleep study and SI in patients with PTSD. METHODS: Forty consenting civilians with PTSD (38 female, mean ± standard deviation age: 44.60 ± 12.73) underwent a Level 3 home sleep apnea test (WatchPAT200; Itamar Medical, Israel). OSA severity was measured with the respiratory disturbance index (RDI) (number of apneas, hypopneas and respiratory effort related arousals per hour)...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Hang Dai, Yonglu Wang, Yujie Fang, Zhenzhou Huang, Biao Kan, Duochun Wang
Two strains of Gram-stain-negative, facultatively anaerobic short-rod bacteria were recovered from two different food samples in Ma'anshan city, Anhui province, China in 2008. The bacteria were characterized in a polyphasic taxonomic study that included phenotypic, phylogenetic and genotypic methodologies. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene demonstrated that the two strains belonged to the genus Proteus and were most similar to Proteus vulgaris ATCC 29905T with a score of 99.7 %. Phylogenetic analysis of the rpoB gene placed the two strains into a cluster with a distinctly interspecies phylogenetic branch that was clearly separated from six type strains of the genus Proteus, with the most closely related species being Proteus mirabilis ATCC 29906T ...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Sheng-Chung Chen, Hsing-Hua Huang, Mei-Chin Lai, Chieh-Yin Weng, Hsiu-Hui Chiu, Sen-Lin Tang, Denis Yu Rogozin, Andrey G Degermendzhy
A psychrotolerant, methylotrophic methanogen, strain YSF-03T , was isolated from the saline meromictic Lake Shira in Siberia. Cells of strain YSF-03T were non-motile, irregular cocci and 0.8-1.2 µm in diameter. The methanogenic substrates utilized by strain YSF-03T were methanol and trimethylamine. The temperature range of growth for strain YSF-03T was from 0 to 37 °C. The optimum growth conditions were 30-37 °C, pH 7.0-7.4 and 0.17 M NaCl. The G+C content of the genome of strain YSF-03T was 41...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Louisa Degenhardt, Meyer Glantz, Chrianna Bharat, Amy Peacock, Luise Lago, Nancy Sampson, Ronald C Kessler
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: We used population-level Australian data to estimate prevalence, age of onset and speed of transitions across stages of alcohol and cannabis use, abuse and dependence, and remission from disorder, and consider the potential impacts that an individual's age cohort's level of substance use predicted transitions into and out of substance use. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data on use, DSM-IV use disorders, and remission from these disorders were collected from participants (n = 8463) in the 2007 Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview...
March 5, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Sooyeon Park, Jeehyun Choi, Ji-Min Park, Jung-Hoon Yoon
A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile and ovoid or rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated OITF-44T , was isolated from a tidal flat in Oido, an island of the Republic of Korea. Strain OITF-44T grew optimally at 25 °C and in the presence of 2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. The phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain OITF-44T formed an independent lineage within the clade comprising the genera Lutimonas, Taeania, Actibacter and Namhaeicola. The novel strain exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values of 93...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Caroline A Smith, Mike Armour, Myeong Soo Lee, Li-Qiong Wang, Phillipa J Hay
BACKGROUND: Depression is recognised as a major public health problem that has a substantial impact on individuals and on society. People with depression may consider using complementary therapies such as acupuncture, and an increasing body of research has been undertaken to assess the effectiveness of acupuncture for treatment of individuals with depression. This is the second update of this review. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness and adverse effects of acupuncture for treatment of individuals with depression...
March 4, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Wen-Ming Chen, Ching-Ling Su, Chiu-Chung Young, Shih-Yi Sheu
A yellowish-pink-coloured bacterial strain, TAPY14T , was isolated from a freshwater creek in Taiwan. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain TAPY14T belonged to the genus Flavobacterium and showed the highest similarity (97.3 %) with respect to Flavobacteriumreichenbachii WB 3.2-61T , Flavobacteriumginsengisoli DCY54T and Flavobacterium defluvii EMB117T and less than 97 % with other members of the genus. Cells of strain TAPY14T were Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, motile by gliding and rod-shaped...
March 2, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
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