keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

DSM 5.1

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137493/tolerance-in-internet-gaming-disorder-a-need-for-increasing-gaming-time-or-something-else
#1
Daniel L King, Madeleine C E Herd, Paul H Delfabbro
Background and aims The criterion of tolerance in DSM-5 Internet gaming disorder (IGD) refers to a need for increasing time spent gaming. However, this focus on "need for gaming time" may overlook some of the broader motivations, outcomes, or effects of gaming that underlie excessive play. This study aimed to explore regular and problematic gamers' experiences and perceptions of tolerance in IGD. Methods An online survey of 630 adult gamers yielded 1,417 text responses to open-ended questions. A thematic analysis of 23,373 words was conducted to extract dominant themes...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130695/a-test-of-the-empirical-profile-and-coherence-of-the-dsm-5-psychopathy-specifier
#2
Joshua D Miller, Joanna Lamkin, Jessica L Maples-Keller, Chelsea E Sleep, Donald R Lynam
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5th edition (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) introduced a psychopathy specifier (DSM-5 PS) as part of the Section III diagnostic model of antisocial personality disorder. Designed to capture the construct of fearless dominance/boldness, the DSM-5 PS is assessed on the basis of the presence of low scores on traits of withdrawal and anxiousness, and high scores on attention seeking. These constructs have garnered attention in the past decade but are the subject of substantial debate as to their role in the conceptualization and assessment of psychopathy, given their limited relations to the maladaptive outcomes typically associated with this personality disorder...
November 13, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125788/internet-related-disorders-development-of-the-short-compulsive-internet-use-scale
#3
Bettina Besser, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf, Anja Bischof, Gert-Jan Meerkerk, Susumu Higuchi, Gallus Bischof
The addiction treatment system only reaches a small number of individuals suffering from Internet-related disorders. Therefore, it is important to improve case detection for preventive measures and brief interventions. Existing screening instruments are often time-consuming and rarely validated using clinical criteria. The aim of this study is to develop an optimized short screening for problematic Internet use and Internet addiction (IA). A regression analysis was conducted in random subsamples of a merged sample (N = 3,040; N = 1,209) to examine the item performance of the Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS)...
November 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125459/pseudogracilibacillus-endophyticus-sp-nov-a-moderately-thermophilic-and-halophilic-species-isolated-from-plant-root
#4
Jisun Park, Min-Kyeong Kim, Bo-Ram Yun, Ji-Hye Han, Seung Bum Kim
A Gram-stain-positive strain, designated DT7-02(T), was isolated from the surface-sterilized root of Oenotherabiennis (evening primrose) and subjected to taxonomic characterization. Cells of DT7-02(T) were slender rod-shaped, motile by means of flagella, and oxidase- and catalase-positive. The colonies were circular, pinkish-yellow, opaque, glistering and 1-2 mm in diameter. The strain was moderately thermophilic and halophilic, as growth occurred at 20-44 °C (optimum 40 °C), pH 7-10 (optimum pH 8-9) and in the presence of 0-8 % of NaCl (optimum 4 %) in tryptic soy broth...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125458/actinoplanes-sediminis-sp-nov-isolated-from-marine-sediment
#5
Zhi Qu, Xiao-Dong Bao, Qing-Yi Xie, You-Xing Zhao, Bing Yan, Hao-Fu Dai, Hui-Qin Chen
An actinomycete strain M4I47(T) was isolated from sediment from Megas Gialos, Syros, Greece. The results of phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of M4I47(T) indicated that the highest similarity was with Actinoplanes atraurantiacus Y16(T) (98.9 %), Actinoplanes deccanensis IFO 13994(T) (98.8 %), Actinoplanes digitatis IFO 12512(T) (98.1 %) and Actinoplanes abujensis A4029(T) (98.0 %). The cell wall of the novel isolate contained meso-diaminopimelic acid and the whole-cell sugars were xylose, arabinose and glucose...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120276/personality-disorder-features-and-paraphilic-interests-among-undergraduates-differential-relations-and-potential-antecedents
#6
Ashley L Watts, Madeline G Nagel, Robert D Latzman, Scott O Lilienfeld
We examined the relations between: (1) narcissism, psychopathy, DSM-5 personality disorder symptom counts; and (2) paraphilic interests among undergraduates (N = 608). Base rates of paraphilic interests were appreciable. The disinhibition and meanness features of psychopathy and the entitlement and exploitativeness features of narcissism were robustly associated with paraphilic interests, particularly sexual sadism, whereas the boldness features of narcissism and psychopathy were essentially unrelated to these interests...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119266/civilians-in-world-war-ii-and-dsm-iv-mental-disorders-results-from-the-world-mental-health-survey-initiative
#7
Rochelle Frounfelker, Stephen E Gilman, Theresa S Betancourt, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Jordi Alonso, Evelyn J Bromet, Ronny Bruffaerts, Giovanni de Girolamo, Semyon Gluzman, Oye Gureje, Elie G Karam, Sing Lee, Jean-Pierre Lépine, Yutaka Ono, Beth-Ellen Pennell, Daniela G Popovici, Margreet Ten Have, Ronald C Kessler
PURPOSE: Understanding the effects of war on mental disorders is important for developing effective post-conflict recovery policies and programs. The current study uses cross-sectional, retrospectively reported data collected as part of the World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative to examine the associations of being a civilian in a war zone/region of terror in World War II with a range of DSM-IV mental disorders. METHODS: Adults (n = 3370) who lived in countries directly involved in World War II in Europe and Japan were administered structured diagnostic interviews of lifetime DSM-IV mental disorders...
November 8, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116036/bifidobacterium-callitrichidarum-sp-nov-from-the-faeces-of-the-emperor-tamarin-saguinus-imperator
#8
Monica Modesto, Samanta Michelini, Maria Cristina Sansosti, Carlotta De Filippo, Duccio Cavalieri, Linnea Qvirist, Thomas Andlid, Caterina Spiezio, Camillo Sandri, Stefano Pascarelli, Barbara Sgorbati, Paola Mattarelli
Three Gram-stain-positive, non-spore-forming, microaerophilic and fructose-6-phosphate phosphoketolase positive strains were isolated from a faecal sample of an adult subject of the emperor tamarin (Saguinus imperator). Given that the isolates revealed identical BOX PCR profiles, strain TRI 5(T) was selected as a representative and characterized further. Comparative analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity revealed that strain TRI 5(T) was closely related to Bifidobacterium saguini DSM 23967(T) (96.4 %) and to Bifidobacterium longum subsp...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111966/bacillus-populi-sp-nov-isolated-from-populus-euphratica-rhizosphere-soil-of-the-taklamakan-desert
#9
Bo Liu, Guo-Hong Liu, Xiao-Ying Wang, Jie-Ping Wang, Yu-Jing Zhu, Hai-Feng Zhang, Cetin Sengonca
A rod-shaped, endospore-forming, aerobic bacterium, designated FJAT-45347(T), was isolated from rhizosphere soil collected from the Taklamakan desert in Xinjiang (PR China). Growth was observed at 15-35 °C (optimum 25 °C), in 0 % and 20.0 % NaCl (optimum 8.0 %) and at pH 7.5-12.0 (optimum 8.0), respectively. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid and the isoprenoid quinone was MK-7. The main fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. The main polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109130/effects-of-electroacupuncture-at-bl33-on-detrusor-smooth-muscle-activity-in-a-rat-model-of-urinary-retention
#10
Xiaoxu Liu, Kun Liu, Mujun Zhi, Qian Mo, Xinyan Gao, Zhishun Liu
BACKGROUND: Detrusor smooth muscle (DSM) underactivity may lead to urinary retention (UR). Electroacupuncture (EA) at BL33 may be effective in improving DSM contractions. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate: (1) the effect of EA at BL33; and (2) the effect of different manipulation methods at BL33 on the modulation of DSM contractions in UR rats. METHODS: 30 male Sprague-Dawley rats were anaesthetised with urethane and modelled by urethral outlet obstruction...
November 6, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106279/perils-of-partialing-redux-the-case-of-the-dark-triad
#11
Chelsea E Sleep, Donald R Lynam, Courtland S Hyatt, Joshua D Miller
The Dark Triad (DT) is a collection of overlapping aversive personality profiles constituting psychopathy, narcissism, and Machiavellianism. Debates remain regarding the optimal way to examine the unique outcomes associated with each construct, with several scholars advocating partialing these profiles in multiple regression analyses (i.e., removing their shared variance). The present paper details the pitfalls inherent in this approach by comparing the convergence and divergence of relations derived from raw and residualized DT composite scores...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102367/-the-psychiatric-comorbidity-of-anorexia-nervosa-a-comparative-study-in-a-population-of-french-and-greek-anorexic-patients
#12
M Kountza, G Garyfallos, D Ploumpidis, E Varsou, I Gkiouzepas
OBJECTIVE: The current study had two objectives: (1) to access the psychiatric comorbidity in axis I and axis II (according to DSM-IV) of anorexia nervosa in a sample of 60 anorexic patients; (2) to compare the features of the psychiatric comorbidity between the two groups of French and Greek anorexic patients who participated in the study, as well as to compare some psychological and behavioral aspects of their anorectic psychopathology. METHOD: Sixty anorexic patients, thirty French and thirty Greek, aged between 18 and 60 years, referred for evaluation and therapy at the unit of eating disorders at the "Institut national Marcel-Rivière of the MGEN" (hôpital de La Verrière, France) and at the unit of eating disorders of the First Department of Psychiatry of EGINITIO University Psychiatric Hospital in Athens (Greece), were accessed with the Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT26), Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL90R), Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, Version 5...
November 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099549/which-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-trauma-types-and-substances-correlate-with-suicide-attempts-in-trauma-survivors
#13
Jeffrey Guina, Ramzi W Nahhas, Nicholas Mata, Seth Farnsworth
Objective: To examine among trauma survivors several potential suicide risk factors, some of which have never been studied in this population (eg, DSM-5 posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD] symptoms, benzodiazepines). Methods: Using a cross-sectional self-report survey methodology in a consecutive sample of adult outpatients with trauma (N = 480), we examined relationships between suicide attempts and demographics, trauma types, PTSD symptoms, substance-related problems, and benzodiazepine prescriptions...
October 26, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099546/the-diagnostic-challenge-of-the-late-onset-frontal-lobe-syndrome-clinical-predictors-for-primary-psychiatric-disorders-versus-behavioral-variant-frontotemporal-dementia
#14
Everard G B Vijverberg, Flora Gossink, Welmoed Krudop, Sietske Sikkes, Cora Kerssens, Niels Prins, Max Stek, Philip Scheltens, Yolande Pijnenburg, Annemiek Dols
OBJECTIVE: Primary psychiatric disorders (PsD) can present with symptomatology identical to that of behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD). To date, clinical guidelines do not provide a solution for this diagnostic challenge. The aim of our study was to prospectively determine which demographic, clinical, neuropsychological, neuroimaging, and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers are important in distinguishing PsD from bvFTD. METHODS: Patients with late-onset behavioral disturbances (aged 45-75 years, 73% male) were included based on their scores on the Frontal Behavioral Inventory and the Stereotypy Rating Inventory and followed for 2 years from April 2011 to June 2015...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099545/evaluation-of-the-body-parts-that-preoccupy-adolescents-with-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#15
Mohammad Jafferany, Ferdnand C Osuagwu
Objective: To evaluate which body parts preoccupy adolescents with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Methods: Patients admitted to an inpatient psychiatric hospital who agreed to take part in the study completed the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Questionnaire (child and adolescent version) and Body Dysmorphic Disorder Diagnostic Module. Patients also completed a questionnaire that addressed age at onset, coping strategies, history of sexual abuse, amount of time patients spent thinking about their perceived defects, and the area of the body that the participants were preoccupied with and the specific coping strategy used...
October 26, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097401/sensitive-periods-for-the-effect-of-childhood-interpersonal-violence-on-psychiatric-disorder-onset-among-adolescents
#16
Erin C Dunn, Yan Wang, Jenny Tse, Katie A McLaughlin, Garrett Fitzmaurice, Stephen E Gilman, Ezra S Susser
BackgroundAlthough childhood adversity is a strong determinant of psychopathology, it remains unclear whether there are 'sensitive periods' when a first episode of adversity is most harmful.AimsTo examine whether variation in the developmental timing of a first episode of interpersonal violence (up to age 18) associates with risk for psychopathology.MethodUsing cross-sectional data, we examined the association between age at first exposure to four types of interpersonal violence (physical abuse by parents, physical abuse by others, rape, and sexual assault/molestation) and onset of four classes of DSM-IV disorders (distress, fear, behaviour, substance use) (n = 9984)...
November 2, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096779/predicting-persistent-limited-and-delayed-problematic-cannabis-use-in-early-adulthood-findings-from-a-longitudinal-study
#17
Sherika Hill, Lilly Shanahan, E Jane Costello, William Copeland
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk profiles associated with patterns of problematic cannabis use in early adulthood. METHOD: Data came from 1,229 participants in the Great Smoky Mountains Study, a prospective 20-year cohort study from 1993 to 2015 that is representative of western North Carolina with yearly assessments conducted from ages 9 and 16 years, and assessments at ages 19, 21, 26, and 30 years. Patterns of problematic cannabis use (i.e., DSM-5 cannabis use disorder or daily use) in early adulthood included the following: nonproblematic use in late adolescence (ages 19-21) and early adulthood (ages 26-30); limited problematic use in late adolescence only; persistent problematic use in late adolescence and early adulthood; and delayed problematic use in early adulthood only...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095141/deinococcus-hibisci-sp-nov-isolated-from-rhizosphere-of-hibiscus-syriacus-l-mugunghwa-flower
#18
Gabriela Moya, Zheng-Fei Yan, Dong-Hun Chu, KyungHwa Won, Jung-Eun Yang, Qi-Jun Wang, Moo-Chang Kook, Tae-Hoo Yi
A Gram-stain-positive, pink-pigmented, coccus-shaped, strictly aerobic, non-motile bacterium, strain THG-AG1.5(T), was isolated from rhizosphere of Hibiscus syriacus L. (Mugunghwa flower) located in Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Gyeonggi, Republic of Korea. The isolated strain grew optimally at 25-30 °C, at pH 6.0-7.5 and in the presence of additional 0-1.5 % (w/v) NaCl. Strain THG-AG1.5(T) exhibited tolerance to UV radiation (>1500 J m(-2)) and to gamma radiation (>12 kGy). Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, strain THG-AG1...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092690/suicide-behaviour-among-guyanese-orphans-identification-of-suicide-risk-and-protective-factors-in-a-low-to-middle-income-country
#19
Ellen-Ge D Denton, George J Musa, Christina Hoven
OBJECTIVE: Suicide is the leading cause of death among youth in Guyana, a low- and middle-income country (LMIC), which globally ranks first in female adolescent suicides over the last decade. Worldwide, Guyana has experienced the largest increase in youth suicide, despite focused public health efforts to reduce suicide. Further, youth in Guyana, who are clients of the orphanage system and have faced early childhood trauma, may have an additive risk for suicide. Guided by an ideation-to-action theoretical framework for suicide prevention, the goal of the proposed research study is to describe and identify risk and protective factor correlates of youth suicidal behaviour among those at highest risk for suicide - orphans who reside in a LMIC institutional setting...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081313/is-trazodone-more-effective-than-clomipramine-in-major-depressed-outpatients-a-single-blind-study-with-intravenous-and-oral-administration
#20
Massimiliano Buoli, Chiara Rovera, Sara Maria Pozzoli, Alessio Fiorentini, Laura Cremaschi, Alice Caldiroli, A Carlo Altamura
OBJECTIVE: Some antidepressants, such as trazodone or clomipramine, can be administered intravenously in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), with potential benefits compared to the standard oral treatment, but available data about their efficacy are limited. The present study was aimed to compare the effectiveness of trazodone and clomipramine (intravenous [i.v.] followed by oral administration). METHODS: Some 42 patients with a diagnosis of MDD according to the DSM-5 were selected and treated with i...
October 30, 2017: CNS Spectrums
keyword
keyword
85775
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"