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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344631/a-brief-exposure-based-treatment-vs-cognitive-processing-therapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-randomized-noninferiority-clinical-trial
#1
Denise M Sloan, Brian P Marx, Daniel J Lee, Patricia A Resick
Importance: Written exposure therapy (WET), a 5-session intervention, has been shown to efficaciously treat posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, this treatment has not yet been directly compared with a first-line PTSD treatment such as cognitive processing therapy (CPT). Objective: To determine if WET is noninferior to CPT in patients with PTSD. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this randomized clinical trial conducted at a Veterans Affairs medical facility between February 28, 2013, and November 6, 2016, 126 veteran and nonveteran adults were randomized to either WET or CPT...
January 17, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343229/the-colombo-twin-and-singleton-follow-up-study-a-population-based-twin-study-of-psychiatric-disorders-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-sri-lanka
#2
Kaushalya Jayaweera, Lisa Aschan, Gayani Pannala, Anushka Adikari, Nicholas Glozier, Khalida Ismail, Carmine M Pariante, Fruhling Rijsdijk, Sisira Siribaddana, Helena M S Zavos, Patricia A Zunszain, Athula Sumathipala, Matthew Hotopf
BACKGROUND: The disease burden related to mental disorders and metabolic syndrome is growing in low-and middle-income countries (LMIC). The Colombo Twin and Singleton Study (COTASS) is a population-based sample of twins and singletons in Colombo, Sri Lanka. Here we present prevalence estimates for metabolic syndrome (metS) and mental disorders from a follow-up (COTASS-2) of the original study (COTASS-1), which was a mental health survey. METHODS: In COTASS-2, participants completed structured interviews, anthropometric measures and provided fasting blood and urine samples...
January 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339664/cenesthopathy-and-subjective-cognitive-complaints-an-exploratory-study-in-schizophrenia
#3
Natalia Jimeno, Martin L Vargas
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cenesthopathy is mainly associated with schizophrenia; however, its neurobiological basis is nowadays unclear. The general objective was to explore clinical correlates of cenesthopathy and subjective cognitive complaints in schizophrenia. METHODS: Participants (n = 30) meeting DSM-IV criteria for psychotic disorder were recruited from a psychiatry unit and assessed with: Association for Methodology and Documentation in Psychiatry (AMDP) system, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, Frankfurt Complaint Questionnaire (FCQ), and the Bonn Scale for the Assessment of Basic Symptoms (BSABS)...
January 16, 2018: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325236/treatment-with-a-ghrelin-agonist-in-outpatient-women-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Pouneh K Fazeli, Elizabeth A Lawson, Alexander T Faje, Kamryn T Eddy, Hang Lee, Fred T Fiedorek, Anne Breggia, Ildiko M Gaal, Rebecca DeSanti, Anne Klibanski
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of relamorelin-an agonist of the appetite-stimulating hormone ghrelin, which has effects on gastric emptying-on (1) weight gain and (2) gastric emptying in women with anorexia nervosa. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled design, the effects of the ghrelin agonist relamorelin were studied in 22 outpatient women with anorexia nervosa, diagnosed using DSM-5 criteria. The study was conducted at the Massachusetts General Hospital Clinical Research Center between March 11, 2013, and February 26, 2015...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324911/psychological-consideration-in-patients-with-cerebral-gliomas-candidates-for-intra-operative-radiation-therapy-based-on-tumor-location
#5
Tohid Emami Meybodi, Masoumeh Najafi, Ali Keipourfard, Amir Nikouei, Afsoun Seddighi
OBJECTIVE: Intra-operative Radiation Therapy (IORT) is gaining popularity as an adjuvant option to surgical resection, in treatment of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) for increasing survival rate, which a highly aggressive cerebral tumor with poor prognosis. Τhe authors plan to investigate the effects of IORT combined with surgical resection on the psychological status of these patients based on tumor location. SUBJECT AND METHODS: From December 2013 to February 2017, we have enrolled 109 patients with high grade cerebral gliomas, documented by Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS)...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323514/ffmpd-scales-comparisons-with-the-ffm-pid-5-and-cat-pd-sf
#6
Cristina Crego, Joshua R Oltmanns, Thomas A Widiger
A series of 8 Five Factor Model Personality Disorder (FFMPD) scales have been developed to assess, from the perspective of the Five Factor Model (FFM), the maladaptive traits included within DSM-5 Section II personality disorders. An extensive body of FFMPD research has accumulated. However, for the most part, each study has been confined to the scales within 1 particular FFMPD Inventory. The current study considered 36 FFMPD scales, at least 1 from each of the 8 FFMPD inventories, including 8 scales considered to be from neuroticism, 8 from extraversion, 5 from openness, 8 from agreeableness, and 7 from conscientiousness...
January 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310741/childhood-interpersonal-violence-and-adult-alcohol-cannabis-and-tobacco-use-disorders-variation-by-race-ethnicity
#7
Jacquelyn L Meyers, Carolyn E Sartor, Kimberly B Werner, Karestan C Koenen, Bridget F Grant, Deborah Hasin
BACKGROUND: Exposure to child maltreatment has been shown to increase lifetime risk for substance use disorders (SUD). However, this has not been systematically examined among race/ethnic groups, for whom rates of exposure to assaultive violence and SUD differ. This study examined variation by race/ethnicity and gender in associations of alcohol (AUD), cannabis (CUD), and tobacco (TUD) use disorders with three types of childhood interpersonal violence (cIPV): physical abuse, sexual abuse, and witnessing parental violence...
January 9, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306876/migrant-perinatal-depression-study-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-perinatal-depression-on-the-thai-myanmar-border
#8
Gracia Fellmeth, Emma H Plugge, Verena Carrara, Mina Fazel, May May Oo, Yuwapha Phichitphadungtham, Mupawjay Pimanpanarak, Naw Kerry Wai, Oh Mu, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, François Nosten, Raymond Fitzpatrick, Rose Mcgready
PURPOSE: Perinatal depression is a significant contributor to maternal morbidity. Migrant women in resource-poor settings may be at increased risk, yet little research has been conducted in low-income and middle-income settings. This prospective cohort study of migrant women on the Thai-Myanmar border aims to establish prevalence of perinatal depression, identify risk factors for perinatal depression and examine associations with infant outcomes. PARTICIPANTS: Participating women are labour migrants and refugees living on the Thai-Myanmar border...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306694/evaluating-the-stability-of-dsm-5-ptsd-symptom-network-structure-in-a-national-sample-of-u-s-military-veterans
#9
Sophia H H von Stockert, Eiko I Fried, Cherie Armour, Robert H Pietrzak
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have used network models to investigate how PTSD symptoms associate with each other. However, analyses examining the degree to which these networks are stable over time, which are critical to identifying symptoms that may contribute to the chronicity of this disorder, are scarce. In the current study, we evaluated the temporal stability of DSM-5 PTSD symptom networks over a three-year period in a nationally representative sample of trauma-exposed U.S. military veterans...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303950/cns-drug-development-lessons-learned-part-4-the-role-of-brain-circuitry-and-genes-tasimelteon-as-an-example
#10
Sheldon H Preskorn
This is the fourth in a series of columns discussing the rational and targeted development of drugs to affect specific central nervous system (CNS) circuits in specific ways based on knowledge gained by molecular biology and the human genome project. The first column in this series described 6 CNS drugs with novel mechanisms of action developed over the last 25 years. The second column discussed differences between syndromic diagnoses as exemplified by the third through the fifth editions of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM III through DSM-5) and the new approach to psychiatric diagnoses championed by the National Institute of Mental Health in their Research Domain Criteria Initiative...
November 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300436/serum-concentrations-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-depression-in-a-general-middle-aged-to-elderly-population-in-finland
#11
M Vidgren, J K Virtanen, T Tolmunen, T Nurmi, T-P Tuomainen, S Voutilainen, A Ruusunen
OBJECTIVES: Low concentrations of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] have been postulated to associate with an increased prevalence of depression. As there are a limited number of publications on this issue, we examined the association between serum 25(OH)D and depression in a general middle-aged or older population. DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1602 men and women from the population-based Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study (KIHD) in Eastern Finland, aged 53-73 y in 1998-2001, were analysed...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299771/vibrio-coralliirubri-sp-nov-a-new-species-isolated-from-mucus-of-red-coral-corallium-rubrum-collected-at-procida-island-italy
#12
Annarita Poli, Ida Romano, Vincenza Mastascusa, Lorena Buono, Pierangelo Orlando, Barbara Nicolaus, Luigi Leone, Kar Wai Hong, Kok-Gan Chan, Kian Mau Goh, Javier Pascual
Strain Corallo1T was isolated from mucus of red coral (Corallium rubrum) at Punta Pizzaco (Procida island, Naples, Italy). It was characterised as a Gram-stain negative, motile, rod-shaped bacterium. Strain Corallo1T was found to show positive responses for cytochrome-c oxidase, catalase, reduction of nitrate and nitrite, β-galactosidase activity and hydrolysis of starch, xylan, peptone, Tween 40, Tween 80 and casein. Strain Corallo1T was found to be mesophilic, neutrophilic to alkalophilic and slightly halophilic...
January 3, 2018: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297845/proteus-columbae-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-pigeon-in-ma-anshan-china
#13
Hang Dai, Yonglu Wang, Yujie Fang, Tao Xiao, Zhenzhou Huang, Biao Kan, Duochun Wang
A Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic bacillus, strain 08MAS2615T, was isolated from the flesh of a pigeon specimen collected in Ma'anshan, Anhui province, China. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences confirmed that strain 08MAS2615T belonged to the genus Proteus, and formed an independent branch which was clearly separated from the other six known species of Proteus. Strain 08MAS2615T was more closely related to Proteus vulgaris ATCC 29905T and Proteus penneri NCTC 12737T than other Proteus species...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290048/screening-and-detection-of-delirium-in-older-ed-patients-performance-of-the-modified-confusion-assessment-method-for-the-emergency-department-mcam-ed-a-two-step-tool
#14
Wolfgang Hasemann, Florian F Grossmann, Rahel Stadler, Roland Bingisser, Dieter Breil, Martina Hafner, Reto W Kressig, Christian H Nickel
Delirium is frequent in older Emergency Department (ED) patients, but detection rates for delirium in the ED are low. To aid in identifying delirium, we developed and implemented a two-step systematic delirium screening and assessment tool in our ED: the modified Confusion Assessment Method for the Emergency Department (mCAM-ED). Components of the mCAM-ED include: (1) screening for inattention, the main feature of delirium, which was performed with the Months Backwards Test (MBT); (2) delirium assessment based on a structured interview with questions from the Mental Status Questionnaire by Kahn et al...
December 30, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286595/galantamine-and-computerized-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-cocaine-dependence-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Kathleen M Carroll, Charla Nich, Elise E DeVito, Julia M Shi, Mehmet Sofuoglu
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether galantamine, a cognitive-enhancing medication that is both acetylcholinesterase inhibitor and agonist at nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, is effective at improving cocaine use outcomes and cognitive functioning, alone and in combination with computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). METHOD: A 12-week, randomized 2 × 2, factorial trial was conducted to evaluate galantamine versus placebo (double-blind) and computerized CBT plus standard methadone treatment versus standard methadone treatment alone in a community-based methadone maintenance program (September 2009-April 2015)...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284197/the-associations-between-psychotic-experiences-and-substance-use-and-substance-use-disorders-findings-from-the-world-health-organisation-world-mental-health-surveys
#16
Louisa Degenhardt, Sukanta Saha, Carmen C W Lim, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Jordi Alonso, Laura H Andrade, Evelyn J Bromet, Ronny Bruffaerts, José M Caldas-de-Almeida, Giovanni de Girolamo, Silvia Florescu, Oye Gureje, Josep M Haro, Elie G Karam, Georges Karam, Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Sing Lee, Jean-Pierre Lepine, Victor Makanjuola, Maria E Medina-Mora, Zeina Mneimneh, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Marina Piazza, José Posada-Villa, Nancy A Sampson, Kate M Scott, Juan C Stagnaro, Margreet Ten Have, Kenneth S Kendler, Ronald C Kessler, John J McGrath
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Prior research has found bidirectional associations between psychotic experiences (PEs), and selected substance use disorders. We aimed to extend this research by examining the bidirectional association between PEs, and various types of substance use (SU), and substance use disorders (SUDs), and the influence of antecedent mental disorders on these associations. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND MEASUREMENTS: We used data from the World Health Organisation World Mental Health surveys...
December 28, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280953/risk-factors-for-internet-gaming-disorder-psychological-factors-and-internet-gaming-characteristics
#17
Mi Jung Rho, Hyeseon Lee, Taek-Ho Lee, Hyun Cho, Dong Jin Jung, Dai-Jin Kim, In Young Choi
Background: Understanding the risk factors associated with Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is important to predict and diagnose the condition. The purpose of this study is to identify risk factors that predict IGD based on psychological factors and Internet gaming characteristics; Methods: Online surveys were conducted between 26 November and 26 December 2014. There were 3568 Korean Internet game users among a total of 5003 respondents. We identified 481 IGD gamers and 3087 normal Internet gamers, based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria...
December 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280226/gambling-and-physical-intimate-partner-violence-results-from-the-national-epidemiologic-survey-on-alcohol-and-related-conditions-nesarc
#18
Amanda Roberts, Jason Landon, Stephen Sharman, Jahn Hakes, Aino Suomi, Sean Cowlishaw
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Links between intimate partner violence (IPV) and gambling problems are under researched in general population samples. Understanding these relationships will allow for improved identification and intervention. We investigated these relationships and sought to determine whether links were attenuated by axis I and II disorders. METHODS: This study examined data from waves 1 and 2 (N = 25,631) of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC); a nationally representative survey of U...
December 27, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276544/analysis-of-agreement-between-expired-air-carbon-monoxide-monitors
#19
Joshua L Karelitz, Valerie C Michael, Kenneth A Perkins
Introduction: The current study examined the level of agreement in expired-air carbon monoxide (CO) values, focusing especially on those confirming abstinence, between the two most commonly used CO monitors, the Vitalograph BreathCO and the Bedfont piCO+ Smokerlyzer. Methods: Expired-air samples were collected via both monitors from adult dependent smokers (44 M, 34 F) participating in studies using CO values to confirm abstinence durations of: 24 hours, 12 hours, or no abstinence...
June 2017: Journal of Smoking Cessation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276387/delirium-in-hemodialysis-predicts-mortality-a-single-center-long-term-observational-study
#20
Norio Yasui-Furukori, Natsumi Tarakita, Waka Uematsu, Hisao Saito, Kazuhiko Nakamura, Chikara Ohyama, Norio Sugawara
Objectives: Delirium signifies underlying brain dysfunction; however, its clinical significance in hemodialysis remains unclear. In this study, we sought to determine whether the occurrence of delirium during hemodialysis was associated with higher mortality. Patients and methods: This was a retrospective, 10-year cohort study. This study was performed at the urology department located within a hospital in Oyokyo, Hirosaki. We analyzed 338 of 751 patients who underwent hemodialysis...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
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