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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230410/a-self-report-measure-for-the-icd-11-dimensional-trait-model-proposal-the-personality-inventory-for-icd-11
#1
Joshua R Oltmanns, Thomas A Widiger
Proposed for the 11th edition of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) is a dimensional trait model for the classification of personality disorder (Tyrer, Reed, & Crawford, 2015). The ICD-11 proposal consists of 5 broad domains: negative affective, detachment, dissocial, disinhibition, and anankastic (Mulder, Horwood, Tyrer, Carter, & Joyce, 2016). Several field trials have examined this proposal, yet none has included a direct measure of the trait model. The purpose of the current study was to develop and provide initial validation for the Personality Inventory for ICD-11 (PiCD), a self-report measure of this proposed 5-domain maladaptive trait model...
February 23, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224311/prevalence-incidence-and-sex-ratio-of-transsexualism-in-the-autonomous-region-of-madrid-spain-according-to-healthcare-demand
#2
Antonio Becerra-Fernández, José Miguel Rodríguez-Molina, Nuria Asenjo-Araque, María Jesús Lucio-Pérez, Miguel Cuchí-Alfaro, Eduardo García-Camba, Gilberto Pérez-López, Miriam Menacho-Román, María Carmen Berrocal-Sertucha, Domingo Ly-Pen, María Victorina Aguilar-Vilas
In recent years, different studies have provided estimates of the prevalence of transsexualism with very diverse results. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the prevalence, incidence, and sex ratio of transsexualism in the autonomous region of Madrid (Spain). A total of 1234 patients who attended from 2007 to the end of 2015 in the only Gender Identity Unit (GIU) in Madrid were analyzed. Sixty-three patients were excluded for various reasons; thus, 1171 could be included: 803 male-to-female (MtF) and 368 female-to-male (FtM) transsexual patients...
February 21, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215036/serum-levels-of-homocysteine-at-admission-are-associated-with-post-stroke-depression-in-acute-ischemic-stroke
#3
Yan Li, Li-Li Cao, Lin Liu, Qin-De Qi
The primary purpose of this study was to assess the serum levels of homocysteine (HCY) at admission to the presence of post-stroke depression (PSD). From September 2014 to December 2015, first-ever acute ischemic stroke patients within the first 24 h after stroke onset were consecutively recruited and followed-up for 3 months. Based on the symptoms, diagnoses of depression were made in accordance with DSM-IV criteria for depression. By the time of 3 month after stroke, 238 had finished the follow-up and included in our study...
February 18, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213662/desulfobulbus-aggregans-sp-nov-a-novel-sulfate-reducing-bacterium-isolated-from-marine-sediment-from-the-gulf-of-gabes
#4
Hanen Kharrat, Fatma Karray, Manon Bartoli, Wajdi Ben Hnia, Najla Mhiri, Marie-Laure Fardeau, Feten Bennour, Lotfi Kamoun, Didier Alazard, Sami Sayadi
Three sulfate-reducing bacterial strains designated SM40(T), SM41, and SM43 were isolated from marine sediment in the region of Skhira located in the Gulf of Gabes (Tunisia). These strains grew in anaerobic media with phosphogypsum as a sulfate source and sodium lactate as an electron and carbon source. One of them, strain SM40(T), was characterized by phenotypic and phylogenetic methods. Cells were ovoid, Gram-stain-negative and non-motile. The temperature limits for growth were 10 and 55 °C with an optimum at 35 °C and the pH range was 6...
February 17, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212499/validation-of-the-french-version-of-the-dsm-5-yale-food-addiction-scale-in-a-nonclinical-sample
#5
Paul Brunault, Robert Courtois, Ashley N Gearhardt, Philippe Gaillard, Kevin Journiac, Sarah Cathelain, Christian Réveillère, Nicolas Ballon
OBJECTIVE: The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) is the only questionnaire that assesses food addiction (FA) based on substance dependence criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), Fourth Edition, Text Revision. Following recent updating of addiction criteria, a new DSM-5 version (YFAS 2.0) has been developed. Our study tested the psychometric properties of the French YFAS 2.0 in a nonclinical population. METHOD: We assessed 330 nonclinical participants for FA (French YFAS 2...
March 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210229/longitudinal-associations-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-severity-and-personality-disorder-features-among-female-rape-survivors
#6
Michelle J Bovin, Erika J Wolf, Patricia A Resick
This study evaluated how change in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms was associated with residualized change in comorbid personality disorder (PD) features and vice versa over the course of 5-10 years. The sample was comprised of 79 female rape survivors who met criteria for PTSD and who were a part of a larger study examining the effects of trauma-focused therapy. PTSD was assessed with the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) version of the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale [CAPS-IV (1)] and PD features were assessed with the DSM-IV dimensional PD scales on the Schedule for Non-adaptive and Adaptive Personality [SNAP (2)]...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206689/working-memory-ability-and-early-drug-use-progression-as-predictors-of-adolescent-substance-use-disorders
#7
Atika Khurana, Daniel Romer, Laura M Betancourt, Hallam Hurt
AIMS: To test a neurobehavioral model of adolescent substance use disorder (SUD) resulting from an imbalance between a hyperactive reward motivation system and a hypoactive executive control system. Specifically, we tested (1) if early weakness in working memory (WM) and associated imbalance indicators of acting-without-thinking (AWT) and delay discounting (DD) predict SUD in late adolescence, and (2) if early drug use progression mediates this relation. DESIGN: Five waves of longitudinal data collected annually from 2005-2010, with a final follow-up in 2012...
February 16, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205601/virtual-human-as-a-new-diagnostic-tool-a-proof-of-concept-study-in-the-field-of-major-depressive-disorders
#8
Pierre Philip, Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi, Patricia Sagaspe, Etienne De Sevin, Jérôme Olive, Stéphanie Bioulac, Alain Sauteraud
Embodied Conversational Agents (ECAs) are promising software to communicate with patients but no study has tested them in the diagnostic field of mental disorders. The aim of this study was 1) to test the performance of a diagnostic system for major depressive disorders (MDD), based on the identification by an ECA of specific symptoms (the MDD DSM 5 criteria) in outpatients; 2) to evaluate the acceptability of such an ECA. Patients completed two clinical interviews in a randomized order (ECA versus psychiatrist) and filled in the Acceptability E-scale (AES) to quantify the acceptability of the ECA...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191335/the-effectiveness-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-iranian-female-adolescents-suffering-from-social-anxiety
#9
Shima Ebrahiminejad, Hamid Poursharifi, Abbas Bakhshiour Roodsari, Zahra Zeinodini, Simasadat Noorbakhsh
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety is one of the most common psychological disorders that exists among children and adolescents, and it has profound effects on their psychological states and academic achievements. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) on diminishing social anxiety disorder symptoms and improving the self-esteem of female adolescents suffering from social anxiety. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Semi-experimental research was conducted on 30 female students diagnosed with social anxiety...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186317/diagnostic-distribution-of-eating-disorders-comparison-between-dsmiv-tr-and-dsm-5
#10
Eduardo Serrano-Troncoso, Laura Cañas, Xavier Carbonell, Marta Carulla, Carolina Palma, Josep Matalí, Montse Dolz
INTRODUCTION: The fifth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) includes a significant revision of Eating Disorders (ED). The objective of this study is to compare the distribution of diagnosis of ED in adolescents according to DSM-VI-TR and DSM-5 criteria. A second objective is to study the psychopathological differences between patients with ED (based on DSM-IV-TR) and those whose diagnosis changed by applying DSM-5 criteria. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and one adolescents diagnosed with ED (mean: 14...
January 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179046/medium-and-long-term-prognostic-validity-of-competing-classification-proposals-for-the-former-somatoform-disorders
#11
S Schumacher, W Rief, K Klaus, E Brähler, R Mewes
BACKGROUND: DSM-5 introduced a fundamental revision of the category of somatoform disorders, which resulted in the new somatic symptom disorder (SSD) and related disorders. However, prognostic validity of SSD remains unclear, while other classification proposals, such as bodily distress disorder (BDD) or polysymptomatic distress disorder (PSDD), might be promising alternatives for the new ICD-11. Therefore, the comparison of the different approaches concerning long-term prognosis of disorder-relevant factors is of special interest...
February 9, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157565/variable-training-does-not-lead-to-better-motor-learning-compared-to-repetitive-training-in-children-with-and-without-dcd-when-exposed-to-active-video-games
#12
Emmanuel Bonney, Dorothee Jelsma, Gillian Ferguson, Bouwien Smits-Engelsman
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the influence of practice schedules on motor learning and skills transfer in children with and without developmental coordination disorder (DCD). Understanding how practice schedules affect motor learning is necessary for motor skills development and rehabilitation. AIMS: The study investigated whether active video games (exergames) training delivered under variable practice led to better learning and transfer than repetitive practice...
January 31, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156558/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-psychology-referrals-in-palliative-care
#13
Eduardo Bruera, Monica T Agosta, Diana Guzman, John M Najera, Monica Raznahan, Janet L Williams, Cindy L Carmack
: 230 Background: Despite high distress, a small percentage of cancer patients are referred for psychological care. MD Anderson's interdisciplinary Palliative Care team recruited 2 clinical psychologists in 9/2013. The demand for services exceeded capacity; thus a 3rd psychologist and 3 counselors were added in 6/2015. METHODS: Retrospective review of 2827 unique patients (6451 total contacts) from 9/1/2013 to 2/29/2016, including billable (psychologists) and non-billable (counselors) services...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151703/the-child-behavior-checklist-obsessive-compulsive-subscale-detects-severe-psychopathology-and-behavioral-problems-among-school-aged-children
#14
Laura O Saad, Maria C do Rosario, Raony C Cesar, Marcelo C Bastituzzo, Marcelo Q Hoexter, Gisele G Manfro, Roseli G Shavitt, James F Leckman, Eurípedes C Miguel, Pedro G Alvarenga
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were (1) to assess obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) dimensionally in a school-aged community sample and to correlate them with clinical and demographical variables; (2) to determine a subgroup with significant OCS ("at-risk for OCD") using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL-OCS) and (3) to compare it with the rest of the sample; (4) To review the CBCL-OCS subscale properties as a screening tool for pediatric OCD. METHODS: Data from the Brazilian High Risk Cohort were analyzed...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151383/pseudonocardia-profundimaris-sp-nov-isolated-from-marine-sediment
#15
Gaiyun Zhang, Lina Wang, Jinglong Li, Yuan Zhou
A novel Gram-stain positive, aerobic, non-motile actinobacterium, designated GY0556T, was isolated from a deep-sea sediment collected from the western Pacific at a depth of 7118 m. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that this strain belongs to the genus Pseudonocardia, being most closely related to Pseudonocardia hydrocarbonoxydans IMSNU 22140T (97.6 %), Pseudonocardia sulfidoxydans DSM 44248T (97.6 %) and Pseudonocardia alaniniphila YIM 16303T (97.6 %); similarity to other type strains of the genus Pseudonocardia was less than 97...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150576/desulfurobacterium-indicum-sp-nov-a-thermophilic-sulfur-reducing-bacterium-from-the-indian-ocean
#16
Junwei Cao, Tiphaine Birien, Nicolas Gayet, Zhaobin Huang, Zongze Shao, Mohamed Jebbar, Karine Alain
A novel sulfur-reducing bacterium, strain K6013T, was isolated from a sulfide sample collected at a depth of 2,771 m from a high-temperature hydrothermal vent in the Indian Ocean. Cells were Gram-negative, anaerobic, motile rods (0.9-2.2 × 0.4-0.6 μm). The strain grew at NaCl concentrations ranging from 1 to 4.5% (w/v) (optimum 2.5%), from pH 5 to 8 (optimum 6), and at temperatures between 40 and 75 °C (optimum 65 °C). Strain K6013T was an obligate chemolithoautotroph using thiosulfate, sulfur, and nitrate as terminal electron acceptors in the presence of H2, but not sulfate, sulfite nor nitrite...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150574/emticicia-aquatilis-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-freshwater-sample-near-donghaksa-temple
#17
Hien T T Ngo, Huan Trinh, Jung-Eun Yang, Kyung-Hwa Won, Dong-Hun Chu, MooChang Kook, Tae-Hoo Yi
A Gram-stain-negative, facultative anaerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped and yellow-pigmented bacterium, designated strain THG-DN6.14T, was isolated from a freshwater sample near Donghaksa temple in Daejeon, South Korea. According to 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, strain THG-DN6.14T was found to be most closely related to Emticicia sediminis JBR12T (99.1 % sequence similarity), Emticicia oligotrophica DSM 17448T (97.6 %), Emticicia aquatica HMF2925T (96.5 %), and Emticicia ginsengisoli Gsoil 085T (94.4 %)...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150101/delirium-in-the-acute-phase-after-stroke-comparison-between-methods-of-detection
#18
Maria Teresa Infante, Matteo Pardini, Maurizio Balestrino, Cinzia Finocchi, Laura Malfatto, Giuseppe Bellelli, Giovanni Luigi Mancardi, Carlo Gandolfo, Carlo Serrati
Delirium is an acute neuropsychiatric syndrome, very common in hospitalized people with medical and neurological conditions. The identification of delirium after stroke is not an easy task and validated psychometric instruments are needed to correctly identify it. We decided to verify if (1) formal training in DSM-V criteria is needed to correctly identify post-stroke delirium, (2) if the use of a brief psychometric instrument such as 4AT improves its identification, (3) the applicability of these scales in the stroke setting...
February 1, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146612/antipsychotic-use-and-the-risk-of-hip-fracture-among-community-dwelling-persons-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#19
Marjaana Koponen, Heidi Taipale, Piia Lavikainen, Antti Tanskanen, Jari Tiihonen, Anna-Maija Tolppanen, Riitta Ahonen, Sirpa Hartikainen
OBJECTIVE: To study whether antipsychotic use is associated with a risk of hip fracture among individuals with Alzheimer's disease and to compare the risk according to the duration of use and the 2 most frequently used antipsychotics. METHODS: The MEDALZ (Medication and Alzheimer's disease) cohort consisted of community-dwelling Finnish persons with clinically verified diagnoses of Alzheimer's disease, including 70,718 persons newly diagnosed according to NINCDS-ADRDA and DSM-IV criteria between 2005 and 2011...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146243/effect-of-a-brief-memory-updating-intervention-on-smoking-behavior-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Lisa J Germeroth, Matthew J Carpenter, Nathaniel L Baker, Brett Froeliger, Steven D LaRowe, Michael E Saladin
Importance: Recent research on addiction-related memory processes suggests that protracted extinction training following brief cue-elicited memory retrieval (ie, retrieval-extinction [R-E] training) can attenuate/eradicate the ability of cues to elicit learned behaviors. One study reported that cue-elicited craving among detoxified heroin addicts was substantially attenuated following R-E training and through 6-month follow-up. Objective: To build on these impressive findings by examining whether R-E training could attenuate smoking-related craving and behavior...
February 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
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