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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933697/total-magnetic-resonance-imaging-burden-of-cerebral-small-vessel-disease-is-associated-with-post-stroke-depression-in-patients-with-acute-lacunar-stroke
#1
X Zhang, Y Tang, Y Xie, C Ding, J Xiao, X Jiang, H Shan, Y Lin, C Li, D Hu, T Li, L Sheng
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Despite extensive studies on post-stroke depression (PSD), the role of the total burden of cerebral small-vessel disease (cSVD) in its pathogenesis remains unclear. METHODS: We conducted a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based cohort study to investigate the relationship between total MRI burden of cSVD and PSD among patients with first-ever lacunar stroke. From June 2013 to January 2016, 374 patients were consecutively recruited. PSD was identified using the Chinese version of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV...
December 9, 2016: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929321/social-communication-questionnaire-scoring-procedures-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-the-prevalence-of-potential-social-communication-disorder-in-asd
#2
Lucy Barnard-Brak, David M Richman, Steven Randall Chesnut, Todd D Little
In analyzing data from the National Database for Autism Research, we utilized Mokken scaling techniques as a means of creating a more effective and efficient screening procedure for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) via the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ). With a sample of 1,040, approximately 80% (n = 827) of the sample were males while approximately 20% (n = 213) were females. In regard to ethnicity, approximately 68% of the sample were White/Caucasian, while 7% were African American, 16% were Hispanic, 4% were Asian, and 1% were Native American or American Indian...
December 2016: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926743/antecedents-of-new-onset-major-depressive-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-at-high-familial-risk
#3
Frances Rice, Ruth Sellers, Gemma Hammerton, Olga Eyre, Rhys Bevan-Jones, Ajay K Thapar, Stephan Collishaw, Gordon T Harold, Anita Thapar
Importance: Early-onset major depressive disorder (MDD) is common in individuals at high familial risk of depression and is associated with poor long-term mental health, social, and educational outcomes. Objectives: To examine the developmental pathways that lead to first-episode adolescent-onset MDD (incident cases) in those at high familial risk and to postulate a theoretically informed model that enables simultaneous testing of different pathways to incident adolescent-onset MDD composed of contributions from familial/genetic and social risk factors, as well as effects via specific clinical antecedents...
December 7, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914903/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-short-term-psychoanalytical-psychotherapy-versus-a-brief-psychosocial-intervention-in-adolescents-with-unipolar-major-depressive-disorder-impact-a-multicentre-pragmatic-observer-blind-randomised-controlled-superiority-trial
#4
Ian M Goodyer, Shirley Reynolds, Barbara Barrett, Sarah Byford, Bernadka Dubicka, Jonathan Hill, Fiona Holland, Raphael Kelvin, Nick Midgley, Chris Roberts, Rob Senior, Mary Target, Barry Widmer, Paul Wilkinson, Peter Fonagy
BACKGROUND: Psychological treatments for adolescents with unipolar major depressive disorder are associated with diagnostic remission within 28 weeks in 65-70% of patients. We aimed to assess the medium-term effects and costs of psychological therapies on maintenance of reduced depression symptoms 12 months after treatment. METHODS: We did this multicentre, pragmatic, observer-blind, randomised controlled superiority trial (IMPACT) at 15 National Health Service child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) clinics in three regions in England...
November 30, 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909449/association-between-dsm-iv-anxiety-disorders-and-suicidal-behaviors-in-a-community-sample-of-south-korean-adults
#5
Seong-Jin Cho, Jin Pyo Hong, Jun-Young Lee, Jeong Soo Im, Kyoung-Sae Na, Jee Eun Park, Maeng Je Cho
OBJECTIVE: There are conflicting reports about whether individual anxiety disorders are independently associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. We examined whether anxiety disorders are related to suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in a community sample of South Korean adults. METHODS: In-person interviews based on the South Korean version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview were conducted to diagnose mental disorders. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to examine whether anxiety disorders were associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts...
November 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908899/undertreatment-of-people-with-major-depressive-disorder-in-21-countries
#6
Graham Thornicroft, Somnath Chatterji, Sara Evans-Lacko, Michael Gruber, Nancy Sampson, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Jordi Alonso, Laura Andrade, Guilherme Borges, Ronny Bruffaerts, Brendan Bunting, Jose Miguel Caldas de Almeida, Silvia Florescu, Giovanni de Girolamo, Oye Gureje, Josep Maria Haro, Yanling He, Hristo Hinkov, Elie Karam, Norito Kawakami, Sing Lee, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Marina Piazza, Jose Posada-Villa, Yolanda Torres de Galvis, Ronald C Kessler
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a leading cause of disability worldwide. AIMS: To examine the: (a) 12-month prevalence of DSM-IV MDD; (b) proportion aware that they have a problem needing treatment and who want care; (c) proportion of the latter receiving treatment; and (d) proportion of such treatment meeting minimal standards. METHOD: Representative community household surveys from 21 countries as part of the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys...
December 1, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907271/adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-diagnosis-management-and-treatment-in-the-dsm-5-era
#7
Joel L Young, David W Goodman
Objective: To increase awareness of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the primary care community and to provide guidance for the management of this condition. Despite its increasing prevalence, adult ADHD largely remains underdiagnosed and inappropriately treated in the United States. The publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), has provided more clear diagnostic criteria for adult ADHD, but a solid framework supporting the transition of ADHD management from pediatric to adult primary care is lacking...
November 17, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906800/lactobacillus-reuteri-dsm-17938-in-the-treatment-of-functional-abdominal-pain-in-children-rct-study
#8
Oleg Jadrešin, Iva Hojsak, Zrinjka Mišak, Alemka Jaklin Kekez, Tena Trbojević, Lana Ivković, Sanja Kolaček
OBJECTIVES: Beneficial therapeutic effect of probiotics has been reported in children with the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) but not consistently in other functional abdominal pain-related disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Lactobacillus (L.) reuteri DSM 17938 in the treatment of functional abdominal pain (FAP) and IBS in children. METHODS: Children (age 4-18 years) referred to pediatric gastroenterologist at Children's Hospital Zagreb from May 2012 to December 2014, diagnosed as FAP or IBS, were randomized to receive L...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902335/defluviitalea-raffinosedens-sp-nov-a-novel-thermophilic-anaerobic-saccharolytic-bacterium-isolated-from-an-anaerobic-batch-digester-treating-animal-manure-and-rice-straw
#9
Shichun Ma, Yan Huang, Cong Wang, Hui Fan, Lirong Dai, Zheng Zhou, Xing Liu, Yu Deng
A thermophilic, anaerobic, fermentative bacterium, strain A6T, was obtained from an anaerobic batch digester treating animal manure and rice straw. The strain was Gram-positive, slightly curved rods with a size of 0.6-1 μm × 2.5-8.2 μm, non-motile, and produced terminal spores. The temperature, pH, and NaCl concentration ranges for growth were 40°C-60°C, 6.5-8.0, and 0-15.0 g/L, with optimum growth noted at 50°C-55°C, pH 7.5, and in the absence of NaCl, respectively. Yeast extract was required for growth...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902319/description-of-gramella-forsetii-sp-nov-a-marine-flavobacteriaceae-isolated-from-north-sea-water-and-emended-description-of-gramella-gaetbulicola-cho-et-al-2011
#10
Irina Panschin, Mareike Becher, Susanne Verbarg, Cathrin Spröer, Manfred Rohde, Marga Schüler, Rudolf I Amann, Jens Harder, Brian J Tindall, Richard L Hahnke
The strain KT0803T was isolated from coastal eutrophic surface waters of Helgoland Roads near the island of Helgoland, North Sea, Germany. The taxonomic position of the strain, previously known as 'Gramella forsetii' KT0803, was investigated by a polyphasic approach. The strain was Gram-stain negative, chemo-organotrophic, heterotrophic, strictly aerobic, oxidase and catalase positive, rod-shaped, motile by gliding and had orange-yellow carotenoid pigments, but was negative for flexirubin-type pigments. It grew optimally at 22-25 °C, pH 7...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902318/streptomyces-capparidis-sp-nov-a-novel-endophytic-actinobacterium-isolated-from-fruits-of-capparis-spinosa-l
#11
Hong-Fei Wang, Qiu-Li Li, Min Xiao, Yong-Guang Zhang, Xing-Kui Zhou, Manik Prabhu Narsing Rao, Yan-Qing Duan, Wen-Jun Li
A novel endophytic actinobactrium strain, designated EGI 6500195T, was isolated from Capparis spinosa. Growth occurred at 10-45 °C (optimum 30 °C), pH 6-8 (optimum pH 7) and in the presence of 0-1% NaCl (w/v). The strain EGI 6500195T shared the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (97.74 %) with Streptomyces vitaminophilus DSM 41686T and less than 97% sequence similarities with other members of the genus Streptomyces. The diagnostic amino acid in the peptidoglycan was LL-diaminopimelic acid. Whole-cell hydrolysates contained glucose, ribose,fructose and mannose...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902310/paenibacillus-silvae-sp-nov-isolated-from-tropical-rainforest-soil
#12
Huiqin Huang, Fute Zhang, Min Liu, Ying Cui, Qianguang Sun, Jun Zhu, Xiaoxiao Zou, Shixiang Bao
Two Gram-stain-positive, facultatively aerobic, endospore-forming and rod-shaped bacteria, designated DB13031T and DB13311, were isolated from soil of Jiaxi Nature Reserve in Hainan, China. 16S rRNA gene analysis of the strains DB13031T and DB13311 showed that they were within the Paenibacillus cluster, with the highest similarities of Paenibacillus cucumis AP-115T (98.4 % and 98.3 %, respectively), Paenibacillus barcinonensis BP-23T (98.3 % and 98.2 %, respectively) and Paenibacillus oceanisediminis L10T (97...
October 25, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902299/chryseobacterium-nepalense-sp-nov-isolated-from-oil-contaminated-soil
#13
Dhiraj Kumar Chaudhary, Jaisoo Kim
During the study of hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria in the oil-contaminated soil of Biratnagar, Morang, Nepal, a yellow-coloured, Gram-staining negative, aerobic, non-motile, and rod shaped bacterium, designated strain C-5-3T, was isolated. This strain was taxonomically characterized by a polyphasic approach. Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain C-5-3T belongs to the genus Chryseobacterium and is closely related to 'Chryseobacterium profundimaris' DY46 (98.19% sequence similarity), Chryseobacterium takakiae AG1-2T (98...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902287/runella-palustris-sp-nov-isolated-from-wetland-freshwater
#14
Haneul Kim, Heeyoung Kang, Yochan Joung, Kiseong Joh
A novel, Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile and filamentous bacterial strain, designated HMF3829T, was isolated from wetland freshwater in Gyeong-an wetland, Republic of Korea. A phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain HMF3829T formed a lineage within the genus Runella. Strain HMF3829T was closely related to Runella slithyformis DSM 19594T (95.2 % sequence similarity), R. limosa DSM 17973T (94.9 %), R. zeae NS12T (94.2 %) and R. defluvii EMB13T (94.0 %). The major fatty acids of strain HMF3829T were iso-C15:0 (26...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902285/raineyella-antarctica-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-novel-psychrotolerant-d-amino-acid-utilizing-anaerobe-isolated-from-two-geographic-locations-of-the-southern-hemisphere
#15
Elena V Pikuta, Rodolfo Javier Menes, Alisa Michelle Bruce, Zhe Lyu, Nisha Patel, Yuchen Liu, Richard Brice Hoover, Hans Jürgen Busse, Paul A Lawson, William Barney Whitman
Gram-positive bacterium, strain LZ-22T, was isolated from a rhizosphere of moss Leptobryum sp. collected at the shore of Lake Zub in Antarctica. Cells were motile, straight or pleomorphic rods with sizes of 0.6-1.0 x 3.5-10 μm. The new isolate was a facultatively anaerobic, catalase positive, psychrotolerant mesophile. Growth was observed at 3-41 oC (optimum 24-30 oC), 0-7 % NaCl, w/v (optimum, 0.25 %) and pH 4.0-9.0 (optimum 7.8). The quinone system of strain LZ-22T possessed predominately menaquinones MK-9(H4)...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902281/acidicapsa-acidisoli-sp-nov-from-the-acidic-soil-of-a-deciduous-forest
#16
Heizo Matsuo, Chisaki Kudo, Juan Li, Akio Tonouchi
A bacterial strain designated strain SK-11T was isolated from the acidic soil of a deciduous forest in the Shirakami Mountains in Japan. Cells of strain SK-11T were aerobic, non-motile, Gram-stain-negative rods, 0.7-1.0 µm in width and 1.0-1.4 µm in length. The pH range for growth was between 4.0 and 5.5, with an optimum at 5.0. The temperature range for growth was between 10°C and 35°C, with an optimum at around 25-30°C. Strain SK-11T utilized various carbohydrates as growth substrates as well as yeast extract and protein hydrolysates...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902277/pedobacter-zeae-sp-nov-an-endophytic-bacterium-isolated-from-maize-root
#17
Jun-Lian Gao, Pengbo Sun, Xiao-Jie Mao, Yan-Li Du, Bing-Yan Liu, Jian-Guang Sun
A novel Gram-staining-negative, aerobic, non-motile by gliding and rod-shaped strain designated 22T was isolated from surface-sterilized root tissue of maize planted in the Fangshan District of Beijing, People's Republic of China. The highest levels of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity were found with respect to Pedobacter suwonensis15-52T (97.5 %), Pedobacter terrae DS-57T (97.1 %) and Pedobacter alluvionis NWER-II11T (97.0 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence data indicated that strain 22T is a member of the genus Pedobacter...
October 25, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902267/soortia-roseihalophila-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-new-taxon-isolated-from-a-travertine-spring-in-the-order-balneolales-and-description-of-soortiaceae-fam-nov
#18
Mohammad Ali Amoozegar, Javad Khansha, Maliheh Mehrshad, Seyed Abolhassan Shahzadeh Fazeli, Mohaddaseh Ramezani, Rafael de la Haba, Cristina Sánchez-Porro, Antonio Ventosa
A novel Gram-stain-negative, slightly halophilic motile curved rod with horseshoe shape, designated strain Bsw-2bT, was isolated from Badab-Soort travertine spring in Iran. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain Bsw-2bT belongs to the order Balneolales, showing 84.6% sequence similarity to Gracilimonas tropica DSM 19535T and 84.4 % and 83.9 % sequence similarity to Gracilimonas rosea CL-KR2T and Balneola vulgaris DSM 17893T, respectively. Besides, phenotypic and physiological features could clearly differentiate strain Bsw-2bT from species of the most closely related genera Gracilimonas, Balneola, Aliifodinibius and Fodinibius...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902250/aquimarina-versatilis-sp-nov-isolated-from-seashore-sand-and-emended-description-of-the-genus-aquimarina
#19
Sung-Jae Lee, Jae Kook Lee, In-Tae Cha, Minwook Kim, Bong-Geun Choi, Hye Seon Song, Joon Yong Kim, Seong Woon Roh
Strain CBA3207T, a novel Gram-staining negative, aerobic, and rod-shaped bacterium was isolated from the seashore sand of Jeju island in South Korea. Strain CBA3207T grew optimally at 25-30°C and pH 7.0-7.5 with 3.0-4.0% (w/v) NaCl. It was catalase-positive, oxidase-negative, and hydrolysed starch, gelatin, and Tweens 20, 40, and 80. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain CBA3207T showed 96.0, 95.6, 95.6, 95.5, and 95.5% similarity to that of Aquimarina mytili PSC33T, A. agarivorans HQM9T, A. latercula DSM 2041T, A...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902249/microbacterium-sorbitolivorans-sp-nov-a-novel-member-of-microbacteriaceae-isolated-from-fermentingbed-in-pigpen
#20
Man Cai, Yu-Chen Meng, Hong-Can Liu, Lei-Lei Yang, Ying-Qian Kang, Yu-Guang Zhou
Two bacterial strains SZDIS-1-1T and GZDIS-1-1 were isolated from fermentingbed of a pigpen in Fujian Province, China. Cells were Gram-stain-positive, facultatively anaerobic, short-rods without flagellum. Their nearest phylogenetic neighbors were Microbacterium amylolyticum N5T (16S rRNA gene sequences similarity 98.2 %), Microbacterium indicum BBH6T (97.9 %) and Microbacterium gubbeenense DPC 5286T (97.8 %) with DNA-DNA hybridization values to strain SZDIS-1-1T as 20.0±1.2 %, 14.3±5.8 % and 19.1±1.6 %, respectively...
October 9, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
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