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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328110/comorbidity-of-internet-gaming-disorder-and-alcohol-use-disorder-a-focus-on-clinical-characteristics-and-gaming-patterns
#1
Euihyeon Na, Hyeseon Lee, Inyoung Choi, Dai-Jin Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although Internet gaming disorder (IGD), which has been considered as a behavioral addiction in DSM-5, shares core features with alcohol use disorder (AUD), there has been minimal research on the clinical implications of the comorbidity between IGD and AUD. The purpose of this study is to investigate clinical psychopathologies and Internet game usage patterns of IGD, AUD, and their comorbid status. METHODS: Participants (n = 1819) completed a cross-sectional web-based survey...
March 22, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327444/unblending-borderline-personality-and-bipolar-disorders
#2
Ester di Giacomo, Flora Aspesi, Maria Fotiadou, Arnoud Arntz, Eugenio Aguglia, Lavinia Barone, Silvio Bellino, Bernardo Carpiniello, Fabrizia Colmegna, Marina Lazzari, Liliana Lorettu, Federica Pinna, Aldo Sicaro, Maria Salvina Signorelli, Massimo Clerici
Borderline Personality (BPD) and Bipolar (BP) disorders stimulate an academic debate between their distinction and the inclusion of Borderline in the Bipolar spectrum. Opponents to this inclusion attribute the important differences and possible diagnostic incomprehension to overlapping symptoms. We tested 248 Borderline and 113 Bipolar patients, consecutively admitted to the Psychiatric Unit, through DSM-IV Axis I and II Disorders (SCID-I/II), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A), Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) and Borderline Personality Disorder Severity Index-IV (BPDSI-IV)...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327160/what-constitutes-problematic-khat-use-an-exploratory-mixed-methods-study-in-ethiopia
#3
Awoke Mihretu, Solomon Teferra, Abebaw Fekadu
BACKGROUND: Khat is a psycho-stimulant herb, which has been in use in traditional societies in East Africa and the Middle East over many centuries. Although khat is reported to cause various health problems, what constitutes problematic khat use has never been systematically investigated. This study explored the acceptable and problematic uses of khat from the perspective of users. METHODS: The study used a mixed methods design (exploratory sequential) in which qualitative (emic) data were collected to develop a framework to define problematic khat use...
March 21, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325681/alcohol-cannabis-and-other-drugs-and-subsequent-suicide-ideation-and-attempt-among-young-mexicans
#4
Guilherme Borges, Corina Benjet, Ricardo Orozco, Maria-Elena Medina-Mora, David Menendez
OBJECTIVE: To report results from a follow-up study of alcohol, cannabis and other drugs on suicidal behavior. METHOD: We estimated prospective associations of substance use as a risk factor for incident suicide ideation and attempt, from a follow-up conducted in 2013 (n = 1071) of the original Mexican Adolescent Mental Health Survey conducted in 2005. RESULTS: Cannabis use before age 15 (ideation risk ratio (RR) = 3.97; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321521/pseudomonas-sesami-sp-nov-a-plant-growth-promoting-gammaproteobacteria-isolated-from-the-rhizosphere-of-sesamum-indicum-l
#5
Munusamy Madhaiyan, Selvaraj Poonguzhali, Venkatakrishnan Sivaraj Saravanan, Kumaran Selvapravin, Veeramuthu Duraipandiyan, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi
A novel Gram-stain negative, aerobic, motile, rod-shaped bacterium was isolated from Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) rhizosphere soil. Based on the 16S rRNA gene similarity value (99.4-98.6%) obtained with phylogenetically closely related strains and through analyses of their house keeping genes (atpD, infB and rpoB), the strain SI-P133(T) was delineated among the species of the genus Pseudomonas and was subjected to polyphasic taxonomic analysis. It was a chemoorganotroph which grew at wide range of temperature (4-45 °C), pH (5...
March 20, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320691/microsoft-kinect-based-continuous-performance-test-an-objective-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-assessment
#6
David Delgado-Gomez, Inmaculada Peñuelas-Calvo, Antonio Eduardo Masó-Besga, Silvia Vallejo-Oñate, Itziar Baltasar Tello, Elsa Arrua Duarte, María Constanza Vera Varela, Juan Carballo, Enrique Baca-García
BACKGROUND: One of the major challenges in mental medical care is finding out new instruments for an accurate and objective evaluation of the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Early ADHD identification, severity assessment, and prompt treatment are essential to avoid the negative effects associated with this mental condition. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to develop a novel ADHD assessment instrument based on Microsoft Kinect, which identifies ADHD cardinal symptoms in order to provide a more accurate evaluation...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319850/methylation-of-hpa-axis-related-genes-in-men-with-hypersexual-disorder
#7
Jussi Jokinen, Adrian E Boström, Andreas Chatzittofis, Diana M Ciuculete, Katarina Görts Öberg, John N Flanagan, Stefan Arver, Helgi B Schiöth
Hypersexual Disorder (HD) defined as non-paraphilic sexual desire disorder with components of compulsivity, impulsivity and behavioral addiction, and proposed as a diagnosis in the DSM 5, shares some overlapping features with substance use disorder including common neurotransmitter systems and dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function. In this study, comprising 67 HD male patients and 39 male healthy volunteers, we aimed to identify HPA-axis coupled CpG-sites, in which modifications of the epigenetic profile are associated with hypersexuality...
March 10, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318468/understanding-adolescent-personality-pathology-from-growth-trajectories-of-childhood-oddity
#8
Barbara De Clercq, Lize Verbeke, Elien De Caluwé, Tom Vercruysse, Joeri Hofmans
Research on developmental trajectories of early maladaptive features for understanding later personality disorders (PDs) is increasingly recognized as an important study area. The course of early odd features is highly relevant in this regard, as only a few researchers have addressed childhood oddity in the context of emerging PDs. Using latent growth modeling, the current study explores growth parameters of odd features in a mixed sample of Flemish community and referred children (N = 485) across three measurement waves with 1-year time intervals...
March 20, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314138/depression-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-individuals-with-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-a-cross-sectional-survey
#9
Shruti Chaturvedi, Marianne Clancy, Nicole Schaefer, Olalekan Oluwole, Keith R McCrae
INTRODUCTION: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is characterized by frequent severe bleeding, particularly epistaxis, and life-threatening complications including stroke, brain abscess and heart failure. The psychological impact of HHT is not known. We conducted this cross sectional study to determine the prevalence of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) related to HHT. METHODS: A survey tool comprising demographic and clinical information and two validated self-administered questionnaires, the PTSD checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5) and Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), was distributed to individuals with HHT...
March 9, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301060/prevalence-of-eating-disorders-and-picking-nibbling-in-elderly-women
#10
Eva M Conceição, Fabiana V S Gomes, Ana R Vaz, Ana Pinto-Bastos, Paulo P P Machado
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the point prevalence of eating disorders and picking/nibbling in elderly women. METHODS: This was a two-stage epidemiological study that assessed 342 women aged 65-94 years old. In Stage 1, the following screening measures were used to identify possible cases: the Mini-Mental State Examination, to screen and exclude patients with cognitive impairment; Weight Concerns Scale; SCOFF (Sick, Control, One, Fat, Food) Questionnaire; Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire-dietary restraint subscale; and three questions to screen for picking/nibbling and night eating syndrome...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300012/lurasidone-for-major-depressive-disorder-with-mixed-features-and-irritability-a-post-hoc-analysis
#11
Alan C Swann, Maurizio Fava, Joyce Tsai, Yongcai Mao, Andrei Pikalov, Antony Loebel
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this post-hoc analysis was to evaluate the efficacy of lurasidone in treating major depressive disorder (MDD) with mixed features including irritability. METHODS: The data in this analysis were derived from a study of patients meeting DSM-IV-TR criteria for unipolar MDD, with a Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) total score ≥26, presenting with two or three protocol-defined manic symptoms, and who were randomized to 6 weeks of double-blind treatment with either lurasidone 20-60 mg/d (n=109) or placebo (n=100)...
March 16, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298187/icanadapt-early-protocol-randomised-controlled-trial-rct-of-clinician-supervised-transdiagnostic-internet-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-icbt-for-depression-and-or-anxiety-in-early-stage-cancer-survivors-vs-treatment-as-usual
#12
M J Murphy, J M Newby, P Butow, L Kirsten, K Allison, S Loughnan, M A Price, J Shaw, H Shepherd, J Smith, G Andrews
BACKGROUND: This RCT with two parallel arms will evaluate the efficacy of an internet-delivered transdiagnostic cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) intervention for the treatment of clinical depression and/or anxiety in early stage cancer survivors. METHODS/DESIGN: Early stage cancer survivors will be recruited via the research arm of a not-for-profit clinical research unit and randomised to an intervention (iCBT) group or a 'treatment as usual' (TAU) control group...
March 15, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297020/cross-sectional-comparison-of-the-epidemiology-of-dsm-5-generalized-anxiety-disorder-across-the-globe
#13
Ayelet Meron Ruscio, Lauren S Hallion, Carmen C W Lim, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Jordi Alonso, Laura Helena Andrade, Guilherme Borges, Evelyn J Bromet, Brendan Bunting, José Miguel Caldas de Almeida, Koen Demyttenaere, Silvia Florescu, Giovanni de Girolamo, Oye Gureje, Josep Maria Haro, Yanling He, Hristo Hinkov, Chiyi Hu, Peter de Jonge, Elie G Karam, Sing Lee, Jean-Pierre Lepine, Daphna Levinson, Zeina Mneimneh, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, José Posada-Villa, Tim Slade, Dan J Stein, Yolanda Torres, Hidenori Uda, Bogdan Wojtyniak, Ronald C Kessler, Somnath Chatterji, Kate M Scott
Importance: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is poorly understood compared with other anxiety disorders, and debates persist about the seriousness of this disorder. Few data exist on GAD outside a small number of affluent, industrialized nations. No population-based data exist on GAD as it is currently defined in DSM-5. Objective: To provide the first epidemiologic data on DSM-5 GAD and explore cross-national differences in its prevalence, course, correlates, and impact...
March 15, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293112/new-opinion-on-the-subtypes-of-poststroke-depression-in-chinese-stroke-survivors
#14
Yingying Yue, Rui Liu, Yin Cao, Yanfeng Wu, Shining Zhang, Huajie Li, Jijun Zhu, Wenhao Jiang, Aiqin Wu, Yonggui Yuan
AIM: Poststroke depression (PSD) is the most common complication of stroke. However, some stroke survivors with depression cannot meet the diagnostic criteria of PSD. The aim of this study was to propose the new conception of stroke patients with depression and then make them to receive reasonable diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: We first put forward the opinion that the general PSD should consist of PSD disorder (PSDD) and PSD symptoms (PSDS) according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder - Fifth Edition (DSM-5) and ZhongDa diagnostic criteria - first edition (ZD-1), respectively...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289918/geodermatophilus-daqingensis-sp-nov-isolated-from-petroleum-contaminated-soil
#15
Yang Wang, Liguo Zhang, Xiaofei Zhang, Jinying Huang, Yu Zhao, Yuanling Zhao, Jianxin Liu, Cui Huang, Jing Wang, Yingying Hu, Guoling Ren, Xiuhong Xu
A novel Gram-positive actinobacterium, designated WT-2-1(T), was isolated from a sample of petroleum-contaminated soil collected in Daqing, Heilongjiang province, China and characterised using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The optimal growth for strain WT-2-1(T) was found to be at 25-35 °C and at pH 6.0-9.0 and with 0-4% (w/v) NaCl, forming blackish green-coloured colonies. Chemotaxonomic and molecular characteristics of the isolate match those described for members of the genus Geodermatophilus. The peptidoglycan was found to contain meso-diaminopimelic acid; galactose, glucose and xylose were detected as diagnostic sugars...
March 13, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280345/screening-for-bipolar-disorder-among-migraineurs-the-impact-of-migraine-bipolar-disorder-comorbidity-on-disease-characteristics
#16
Yigit Kivilcim, Merih Altintas, Fusun Mayda Domac, Erkal Erzincan, Huseyin Gülec
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of comorbid bipolar disorder (BD) among migraineurs and the impact of migraine-BD comorbidity on disease characteristics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 120 adult patients diagnosed with migraine at a single tertiary care center were included in this cross-sectional study. Data on sociodemographic and migraine-related characteristics, family history of psychiatric diseases, comorbid psychiatric diseases, and first-episode characteristics were recorded...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278447/depressive-disorder-may-be-associated-with-raphe-nuclei-lesions-in-patients-with-brainstem-infarction
#17
Yoshiyuki Numasawa, Takaaki Hattori, Sumio Ishiai, Zen Kobayashi, Tomoyuki Kamata, Minoru Kotera, Satoru Ishibashi, Nobuo Sanjo, Hidehiro Mizusawa, Takanori Yokota
BACKGROUND: Depression is a common symptom after stroke, but its neural substrates remain unclear. The ascending serotonergic system originates from the raphe nuclei in the brainstem. We hypothesized that depressive disorder due to brainstem infarction is associated with damage to the raphe nuclei. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 19 patients who had the first-ever acute isolated brainstem infarction in an observational cross-sectional study. All patients were evaluated by using the Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), the clinician-rated version of Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES-C) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276761/abscisic-acid-type-sesquiterpenes-and-ansamycins-from-amycolatopsis-alba-dsm-44262
#18
Xiao-Mei Li, Xiao-Man Li, Chun-Hua Lu
Two new abscisic acid-type sesquiterpenes (1, 2), and one new ansamycin (3), together with four known ansamycins, namely ansacarbamitocins 4-7, were isolated from the fermentation extract of Amycolatopsis alba DSM 44262. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated to be (E)-3-methyl-5-(2,6,6-trimethyl-3-oxocyclohex-1-enyl)pent-2-enoic acid (1) and (E)-3-methyl-5-(2,6,6-trimethyl-4-oxocyclohex-2-enyl)pent-2-enoic acid (2), and 9-O-methylansacarbamitocin A1 (3), on the basis of comprehensive analysis of spectroscopic data, respectively...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274343/prevalence-correlates-and-treatment-status-of-alcohol-use-disorders-in-psychiatric-patients-in-china
#19
Hui Huang, Hongxian Chen, Huixi Dong, Kui Ning, Ruiling Zhang, Wei Sun, Bing Li, Haifeng Jiang, Wenzheng Wang, Jiang Du, Min Zhao, Zhihua Yi, Jing Li, Rongxin Zhu, Shuiping Lu, Shiping Xie, Xiaoping Wang, Wei Fu, Runzhi Yan, Chengge Gao, Wei Hao
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, associated factors and treatment status of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) in psychiatric patients in China. METHODS: We asked 24,379 consecutive patients aged ≥18years who presented at the psychiatric departments in eight hospitals in 2013 whether they had consumed alcoholic beverages in the previous month. Of the 2964 (12.2%) patients who answered yes and were then screened with the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), 1304 (5...
March 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270029/treatment-of-intra-oral-injection-phobia-a-randomized-delayed-intervention-controlled-trial-among-norwegian-10-to-16-year-olds
#20
Karin G Berge, Maren Lillehaug Agdal, Margrethe Vika, Marit Slåttelid Skeie
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of five sessions of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for 10- to 16-year-olds with intra-oral injection phobia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a randomized delayed intervention controlled trial in 67 patients, fulfilling the DSM-5 criteria for specific phobia. All patients received the same CBT performed by dentists specially trained in CBT. The patients were randomly assigned to either an immediate treatment group (ITG) (34 patients) or a waitlist-control group (WCG) (33 patients)...
March 7, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
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