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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928643/how-situational-context-impacts-empathic-responses-and-brain-activation-patterns
#1
Yawei Cheng, Chenyi Chen, Jean Decety
Clinical empathy, which is defined as the ability to understand the patient's experience and feelings from the patient's perspective, is acknowledged to be an important aspect of quality healthcare. However, how work experience modulates the empathic responses and brain activation patterns in medical professions remains elusive. This fMRI study recruited one hundred female nurses, who varied the length of work experience, and examined how their neural response, functional connectivity, and subjective evaluations of valence and arousal to perceiving another individual in physical pain are modulated by the situational context in which they occur (i...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901205/satisfaction-burnout-and-turnover-among-nurse-practitioners-and-physician-assistants-a-review-of-the-empirical-literature
#2
Timothy Hoff, Shannon Carabetta, Grace E Collinson
Examining the work-related psychological states of nurse practitioners and physician assistants is important, given their increased role expansion. The current PRISMA-guided review examined studies published between 2000 and 2016 for both these groups. The review also examined features of the research to draw conclusions about overall quality. Applying theories in job enrichment and job demands, 32 articles were identified that contained analyses of satisfaction, burnout, stress, and turnover. Key findings include the lack of robust research designs, overemphasis on job satisfaction, lower levels of satisfaction across both groups, and higher intrinsic versus extrinsic satisfaction levels generally...
September 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888505/mindfulness-for-novice-pediatric-nurses-smartphone-application-versus-traditional-intervention
#3
Chelsey Morrison Wylde, Nicole E Mahrer, Rika M L Meyer, Jeffrey I Gold
PURPOSE: The current study compares the effects of a traditionally delivered mindfulness (TDM) intervention to a smartphone delivered mindfulness (SDM) intervention, Headspace, an audio-guided mindfulness meditation program, in a group of novice nurses. DESIGN AND METHODS: Novice nurses participating in a pediatric nurse residency program were asked to participate in either a TDM or SDM intervention. Participants (N=95) completed self-administered pencil and paper questionnaires measuring mindfulness skills, and risk and protective factors at the start of their residency and three months after entering the program...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888496/-mission-impossible-the-mothering-of-a-child-with-type-1-diabetes-from-the-perspective-of-mothers-experiencing-burnout
#4
Caisa Lindström, Jan Åman, Annika Lindahl Norberg, Maria Forssberg, Agneta Anderzén-Carlsson
PURPOSE: To explore how mothers experiencing burnout describe their mothering of a child with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), with a focus on their experienced need for control and self-esteem. METHODS: This study used a qualitative, descriptive design and aimed to reveal the experience of mothering a child with diabetes when experiencing burnout. Twenty-one mothers of children with T1DM who were experiencing burnout participated in this study. Data were collected via semi-structured interviews, and content analysis was performed...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877124/health-sector-reform-emotional-exhaustion-and-nursing-burnout-a-retrospective-panel-study-in-iran
#5
Ahmad Kalateh Sadati, Farnaz Rahnavard, Seyed Taghi Heydari, Soroor Hemmati, Najmeh Ebrahimzadeh, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani
BACKGROUND: Nursing burnout is affected by various factors, including work overload. Since the inauguration of the Health Sector Evolution Plan (HSEP) in Iran in 2014, government hospitals have been required to provide health services to the public at all levels. This decision, however, has increased the volume of patients admitted to government hospitals. Because nurses are on the front line of health services, they are faced with a greater load of care provision. PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate nursing burnout before and after HSEP in Iran, with an emphasis on the differences between government and private hospitals...
October 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868237/examining-the-relationship-between-burnout-and-empathy-in-healthcare-professionals-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Helen Wilkinson, Richard Whittington, Lorraine Perry, Catrin Eames
OBJECTIVE: Empathy and burnout are two related yet distinct constructs that are relevant to clinical healthcare staff. The nature of their relationship is uncertain and this review aimed to complete a rigorous, systematic exploration of the literature investigating the relationship between burnout and empathy in healthcare staff. DESIGN: A systematic review was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidance...
September 2017: Burnout Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858150/effort-reward-imbalance-and-burnout-among-icu-nursing-staff-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Cristobal Padilla Fortunatti, Yasna K Palmeiro-Silva
BACKGROUND: Occupational stress is commonly observed among staff in intensive care units (ICUs). Sociodemographic, organizational, and job-related factors may lead to burnout among ICU health workers. In addition, these factors could modify the balance between efforts done and rewards perceived by workers; consequently, this imbalance could increase levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization and decrease a sense of personal accomplishment. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between effort-reward imbalance and burnout dimensions (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment) among ICU nursing staff in a university hospital in Santiago, Chile...
September 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853389/dementia-care-mapping-in-nursing-homes-effects-on-caregiver-attitudes-job-satisfaction-and-burnout-a-quasi-experimental-trial
#8
Martin Nikolaus Dichter, Diana Trutschel, Christian Günter Georg Schwab, Burkhard Haastert, Tina Quasdorf, Margareta Halek
BACKGROUND: The Dementia Care Mapping (DCM) method is an internationally recognized complex intervention in dementia research and care for implementing person-centered care. The Leben-QD II trial aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of DCM with regard to caregivers. METHODS: The nine participating nursing home units were allocated to three groups: (1) DCM method experienced ≥ 1 year, (2) DCM newly introduced during this trial, and (3) regular rating of residents' quality of life (control group)...
August 30, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844166/nurses-burnout-the-influence-of-leader-empowering-behaviors-work-conditions-and-demographic-traits
#9
Rola H Mudallal, Wafa'a M Othman, Nahid F Al Hassan
Nurse burnout is a widespread phenomenon characterized by a reduction in nurses' energy that manifests in emotional exhaustion, lack of motivation, and feelings of frustration and may lead to reductions in work efficacy. This study was conducted to assess the level of burnout among Jordanian nurses and to investigate the influence of leader empowering behaviors (LEBs) on nurses' feelings of burnout in an endeavor to improve nursing work outcomes. A cross-sectional and correlational design was used. Leader Empowering Behaviors Scale and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) were employed to collect data from 407 registered nurses, recruited from 11 hospitals in Jordan...
January 1, 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841053/the-productive-ward-program%C3%A2-a-two-year-implementation-impact-review-using-a-longitudinal-multilevel-study
#10
Peter Van Bogaert, Danny Van Heusden, Martijn Verspuy, Kristien Wouters, Stijn Slootmans, Johnny Van der Straeten, Paul Van Aken, Mark White
Aim To investigate the impact of the quality improvement program "Productive Ward - Releasing Time to Care™" using nurses' and midwives' reports of practice environment, burnout, quality of care, job outcomes, as well as workload, decision latitude, social capital, and engagement. Background Despite the requirement for health systems to improve quality and the proliferation of quality improvement programs designed for healthcare, the empirical evidence supporting large-scale quality improvement programs impacting patient satisfaction, staff engagement, and quality care remains sparse...
March 2017: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826329/secondary-traumatic-stress-and-burnout-among-muslim-nurses-caring-for-chronically-ill-children-in-a-turkish-hospital
#11
Neslihan Partlak Günüşen, Marian Wilson, Burcu Aksoy
PURPOSE: This study investigated secondary traumatic stress and its relationship to burnout among nurses working at a Turkish hospital. DESIGN: A mixed-methods design included a cross-sectional survey administering the Professional Quality of Life instrument and Maslach Burnout Inventory to 106 nurses. Interviews with a subgroup of eight participants explored nurses' experiences and coping strategies related to caring for chronically ill pediatric patients. RESULTS: High risk levels of secondary traumatic stress existed among 40...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814140/ethical-sensitivity-burnout-and-job-satisfaction-in-emergency-nurses
#12
Cansu Atmaca Palazoğlu, Zeliha Koç
BACKGROUND: Rising levels of burnout and decreasing job satisfaction can inhibit healthcare professionals from providing high-quality care due to a corresponding decrease in their ethical sensitivity. AIM: This study aimed to determine the relationship between the level of ethical sensitivity in emergency service nurses and their levels of burnout and job satisfaction. RESEARCH DESIGN: This research employed a descriptive and cross-sectional design...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812432/addressing-compassion-fatigue-and-stress-of-special-education-teachers-and-professional-staff-using-mindfulness-and-prayer
#13
Lori M Sharp Donahoo, Beverly Siegrist, Dawn Garrett-Wright
Alternative therapies are promising nursing interventions for improvement of compassion fatigue in educators working in special education. A convenience sample of 27 teachers and professional staff working in special education participated in a quasi-experimental pilot study and completed a pre/posttest of demographic questions, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) (10-item) and Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL). All attended a presentation on stress, compassion satisfaction (CS), mindfulness, prayer, and social support...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804867/sources-of-distress-for-physicians-and-nurses-working-in-swiss-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#14
Sabine D Klein, Hans Ulrich Bucher, Manya J Hendriks, Ruth Baumann-Hölzle, Jürg C Streuli, Thomas M Berger, Jean-Claude Fauchère, On Behalf Of The Swiss Neonatal End-Of-Life Study Group
BACKGROUND: Medical personnel working in intensive care often face difficult ethical dilemmas. These may represent important sources of distress and may lead to a diminished self-perceived quality of care and eventually to burnout. AIMS OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to identify work-related sources of distress and to assess symptoms of burnout among physicians and nurses working in Swiss neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). METHODS: In summer 2015, we conducted an anonymous online survey comprising 140 questions about difficult ethical decisions concerning extremely preterm infants...
August 14, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797866/burnout-after-patient-death-challenges-for-direct-care-workers
#15
Kathrin Boerner, Hayley Gleason, Daniela S Jopp
CONTEXT: Direct care workers in long-term care can develop close relationships with their patients and subsequently experience significant grief after patient death. Consequences of this experience for employment outcomes have received little attention. OBJECTIVES: To investigate staff, institutional, patient, and grief factors as predictors of burnout dimensions among direct care workers who had experienced recent patient death; determine which specific aspects of these factors are of particular importance; and establish grief as an independent predictor of burnout dimensions...
September 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797258/work-stress-associated-cool-down-reactions-among-nurses-and-hospital-physicians-and-their-relation-to-burnout-symptoms
#16
Arndt Büssing, Zarah Falkenberg, Carina Schoppe, Daniela Rodrigues Recchia, Désirée Poier
BACKGROUND: Hospital staff experience high level of work stress and they have to find strategies to adapt and react to it. When they perceive emotional exhaustion and job dissatisfaction in response to constant work stress, one reaction might be emotional withdrawal. This emotional distancing can be seen as an adaptive strategy to keep 'functionality' in the job. Both, perception of emotional exhaustion and emotional distancing as a strategy, can be operationalized as 'Cool Down'. We assume that work stress associated variables are positively associated with Cool Down reactions, while internal and external resources are negatively associated and might function as a buffer against emotional distancing...
August 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782168/interventions-to-promote-or-improve-the-mental-health-of-primary-care-nurses-a-systematic-review
#17
Arnaud Duhoux, Matthew Menear, Maude Charron, Mélanie Lavoie-Tremblay, Marie Alderson
AIM: To synthesize the evidence on the effectiveness of interventions aiming to promote or improve the mental health of primary care nurses. BACKGROUND: Primary care nurses have been found to have high levels of emotional exhaustion and to be at increased risk of suffering from burnout, anxiety and depression. Given the increasingly critical role of nurses in high-performing primary care, there is a need to identify interventions that can effectively reduce these professionals' mental health problems and promote their well-being...
August 6, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777112/the-relationship-between-professional-quality-of-life-and-caring-ability-in-critical-care-nurses
#18
Marzieh Mohammadi, Hamid Peyrovi, Mahmood Mahmoodi
BACKGROUND: Critical care nursing has some features that may affect the ability of critical care nurses to provide care. Professionals as critical care nurses who deal with peoples' health and life often experience some levels of stress that affects their quality of life. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the relationship between professional quality of life and caring ability of critical care nurses. METHOD: In this descriptive correlational study, 253 critical care nurses working in the medical and surgical intensive care units of Tehran University of Medical Sciences were recruited by convenience sampling method...
September 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766394/moral-distress-in-iranian-pediatric-nurses
#19
Elham Ghasemi, Reza Negarandeh, Leila Janani
BACKGROUND: Moral distress is a very common experience in the nursing profession, and it is one of the main reasons for job dissatisfaction, burnout, and quitting among nurses. For instance, morally difficult situations in taking care of child patients who are severely ill may lead to moral distress for nurses. However, most of the studies about moral distress have been conducted on nurses of special wards and adult medical centers with much focus on developed countries. Subsequently, little has been researched on this topic among nurses in other nations such as Iran, and most certainly, there has been hardly any such research involving Iranian pediatric nurses...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759696/structured-coaching-programs-to-develop-staff
#20
Susan MacLeod Dyess, Rose Sherman, Andra Opalinski, Terry Eggenberger
Health care environments are complex and chaotic, therein challenging patients and professionals to attain satisfaction, well-being, and exceptional outcomes. These chaotic environments increase the stress and burnout of professionals and reduce the likelihood of optimizing success in many dimensions. Coaching is evolving as a professional skill that may influence the optimization of the health care environment. This article reflects on three coaching programs: Gallup Strengths-Based Coaching, Dartmouth Microsystem Coaching, and Health and Wellness Nurse Coaching...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
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