keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

political psychology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906529/genes-behavior-and-behavior-genetics
#1
REVIEW
Evan Charney
According to the 'first law' of behavior genetics, 'All human behavioral traits are heritable.' Accepting the validity of this first law and employing statistical methods, researchers within psychology, sociology, political science, economics, and business claim to have demonstrated that all the behaviors studied by their disciplines are heritable-no matter how culturally specific these behaviors appear to be. Further, in many cases they claim to have identified specific genes that play a role in those behaviors...
December 1, 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893228/ethnic-identity-factor-structure-and-measurement-invariance-across-ethnic-groups
#2
Jennifer Feitosa, Christina N Lacerenza, Dana L Joseph, Eduardo Salas
Considering a historically diversified (and growing) population in the United States, one's ethnic identification is often an important psychological-as well as social and political-construct because it can serve as a hindrance to interpersonal interaction. Despite the importance of ethnic identity in psychological research, the most widely developed ethnic identity measurement tool, the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM; Phinney, 1992), lacks consensus regarding its psychometric properties. The purpose of this article is to identify the factor structure of this measure and identify whether it exhibits measurement equivalence/invariance (ME/I) across ethnicities...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867283/from-virgin-births-to-octomom-representations-of-single-motherhood-via-sperm-donation-in-the-uk-news
#3
S Zadeh, J Foster
The use of sperm donation by single women has provoked public, professional and political debate. Newspapers serve as a critical means of both broadcasting this debate and effecting a representation of this user group within the public sphere. This study uses the theory of social representations to examine how single motherhood by sperm donation has been represented in the UK news over time. The study sampled news coverage on this topic in eight British newspapers during three 4-year periods between the years 1988 and 2012...
November 2016: Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867261/counselling-psychology-in-south-africa
#4
Jason Bantjes, Ashraf Kagee, Charles Young
The origin and development of counselling psychology in South Africa has been profoundly influenced by the country's socio-political history and the impact of apartheid. As a result of this, counselling psychologists in the country face a number of challenges and opportunities for the future. In this paper we provide a portrait of counselling psychology in South Africa by describing the current character of the specialty and the context in which South African psychologists work. We critically discuss the challenges that the specialty faces to meet the country's mental health care needs, contest the current Scope of Practice; affirm multiculturalism without essentializing or reifying race and ethnicity, and build an evidence base for community interventions in the country...
2016: Counselling Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855425/prostitution-as-a-psychiatric-situation-ethical-aspects
#5
Danijela Tiosavljević, Slavica Djukić-Dejanović, Karel Turza, Aleksandar Jovanović, Vida Jeremić
This paper presents the morally controversial phenomenon of prostitution. As the basis for contemplating the prostitution issue the most important is revealing and understanding its primitive ethical root. For understanding its "soul", its essence, also important is comprehending sexual, "elementary thoughts" of mankind, through the relationship between prostitution and religious, social, political and spiritual life, and its nature as a reflection of the sexual-ethical concepts in different epochs and nations...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837575/dreams-in-ancient-greek-medicine
#6
K Laios, M M Moschos, E Koukaki, E Vasilopoulos, M Karamanou, M-I Kontaxaki, G Androutsos
Dreams preoccupied the Greek and Roman world in antiquity, therefore they had a prominent role in social, philosophical, religious, historical and political life of those times. They were considered as omens and prophetic signs of future events in private and public life, and that was particularly accentuated when elements of actions which took place in the plot of dreams were associated directly or indirectly with real events. This is why it was important to use them in divination, and helped the growth of superstition and folklore believes...
July 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821367/a-blast-from-the-past-civilians-immediate-psychological-reactions-and-associative-memory-of-prior-events-following-exploding-bus-in-israel
#7
Menachem Ben-Ezra, Shani Pitcho-Prelorentzos, Michal Mahat-Shamir
This study examined the association between self-report associative memories of prior traumatic events and psychological distress up to 48h after a terror attack. To date, the number of studies that examined this association is very small and most were conducted weeks or even months post event. For this purpose, we examined the association between self-report associative memories of prior traumatic events beyond factors such as previous exposure to trauma, political shift and sense of safety. The results showed that self-report associative memories of prior traumatic events were significantly associated with psychological distress...
October 17, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808532/before-the-boom-readings-and-uses-of-vygotsky-in-argentina-1935-1974
#8
Luciano Nicolás García
This article analyzes, from the standpoint of reception studies and transnational history, the different ways Lev S. Vygotsky's published work in Spanish, English, and Russian was read, discussed, and used in Argentina from 1935 to 1974. This "early" reception primarily involved 2 groups: writers affiliated with the Argentine Communist Party, and individuals without political affiliations who engaged in discussion with Communists. The article argues that Communism, as a cultural tradition and political organization, played a key role in the reception and diffusion of Vygotsky's work...
November 2016: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803264/cross-border-ties-as-sources-of-risk-and-resilience-do-cross-border-ties-moderate-the-relationship-between-migration-related-stress-and-psychological-distress-for-latino-migrants-in-the-united-states
#9
Jacqueline M Torres, Carmela Alcántara, Kara E Rudolph, Edna A Viruell-Fuentes
Few studies have examined the associations between health and the cross-border ties that migrants maintain with their family members in communities of origin. We draw on theory related to social ties, ethnic identity, and mental health to examine cross-border ties as potential moderators of the association between migration-related stress and psychological distress among Latino migrants. Using data from the National Latino and Asian American Survey, we find that remittance sending is associated with significantly lower levels of psychological distress for Cuban migrants, and difficulty visiting home is associated with significantly greater psychological distress for Puerto Rican migrants...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802981/invited-commentary-%C3%A2-on-poverty-politics-and-psychology
#10
Glenys Parry, Paul McCrone
Associations between deprivation and mental health have long been known. This commentary discusses recent work examining this in relation to the uptake, delivery and outcomes of psychological therapies in England. These associations are complex but it is clear that implementation of evidence-based interventions should consider area-level characteristics.
November 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795885/which-factor-contribute-most-to-empower-farmers-through-e-agriculture-in-bangladesh
#11
Sheikh Mohammed Mamur Rashid, Md Rezwan Islam, Md Quamruzzaman
The purpose of this research was designed to investigate the impact of e-Agriculture on farmers of Bangladesh. Empowerment is stratified as economic, family and social, political, knowledge and psychological empowerment. Data were collected in Bhatbour Block of Dhighi union under Sadar Upazila of Minikganj District. Data were collected in two phases from the same group of respondents (in August, 2013 and September, 2015). Two sample t test and step-wise multiple regression method were used for analysis. The results showed that e-Agriculture had significant impact on the empowerment of farmers of Bangladesh...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750357/-psychiatric-and-psychotherapeutic-care-of-refugees-by-reference-of-a-large-psychiatric-care-hospital-in-western-germany
#12
Jonas Schaffrath, Mario Schmitz-Buhl, Ali Kemal Gün, Euphrosyne Gouzoulis-Mayfrank
Medical and psychological care of refugees is among the most important current challenges in German health politics. Work with patients from this heterogeneous group who have often faced severe stress before, during and after their migration is currently based on a thin data foundation. Based on introductory information on current knowledge concerning psychiatric morbidity of refugees this article presents the psychiatric care of refugees at LVR Clinics Cologne - a psychiatric specialty hospital situated in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany...
October 17, 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743516/comparison-of-parent-and-child-reports-on-child-maltreatment-in-turkey
#13
Zeynep Sofuoğlu, Görkem Sarıyer, M Gökalp Ataman
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Child maltreatment, i.e. abuse and neglect, is a significant problem worldwide and can cause impaired physical and mental health throughout life. The true extent still remains unknown in all countries, including Turkey. The aim of this study was to apply the two versions of the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) Child Abuse Screening Tool of ICAST-C and ICAST-P, which are used to assess child and parent feedback and to compare reports given by children and those given by parents...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739073/narratives-of-self-neglect-patterns-of-traumatic-personal-experiences-and-maladaptive-behaviors-in-cognitively-intact-older-adults
#14
Cynthia Lien, Tony Rosen, Elizabeth M Bloemen, Robert C Abrams, Maria Pavlou, Mark S Lachs
OBJECTIVES: To identify patterns of personal experience or behavior in self-neglect by exploring narratives of cognitively intact older adults. DESIGN: Descriptive study involving semistructured interviews and unstructured narratives. SETTING: A parent study of self-neglect characteristics. PARTICIPANTS: Cognitively intact, self-neglecting older adults referred from 11 community-based senior services agencies (N = 69)...
November 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733702/shaping-the-development-of-prejudice-latent-growth-modeling-of-the-influence-of-social-dominance-orientation-on-outgroup-affect-in-youth
#15
Christopher Bratt, Jim Sidanius, Jennifer Sheehy-Skeffington
Social dominance orientation (SDO) has been theorized as a stable, early-emerging trait influencing outgroup evaluations, a view supported by evidence from cross-sectional and two-wave longitudinal research. Yet, the limitations of identifying causal paths with cross-sectional and two-wave designs are increasingly being acknowledged. This article presents the first use of multi-wave data to test the over-time relationship between SDO and outgroup affect among young people. We use cross-lagged and latent growth modeling (LGM) of a three-wave data set employing Norwegian adolescents (over 2 years, N = 453) and a five-wave data set with American university students (over 4 years, N = 748)...
October 11, 2016: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723776/positive-vs-negative-the-impact-of-question-polarity-in-voting-advice-applications
#16
Bregje Holleman, Naomi Kamoen, André Krouwel, Jasper van de Pol, Claes de Vreese
Online Voting Advice Applications (VAAs) are survey-like instruments that help citizens to shape their political preferences and compare them with those of political parties. Especially in multi-party democracies, their increasing popularity indicates that VAAs play an important role in opinion formation for citizens, as well as in the public debate prior to elections. Hence, the objectivity and transparency of VAAs are crucial. In the design of VAAs, many choices have to be made. Extant research in survey methodology shows that the seemingly arbitrary choice to word questions positively (e...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716549/associations-between-quantitative-measures-of-women-s-empowerment-and-access-to-care-and-health-status-for-mothers-and-their-children-a-systematic-review-of-evidence-from-the-developing-world
#17
Pierre Pratley
Research on the association between women's empowerment and maternal and child health has rapidly expanded. However, questions concerning the measurement and aggregation of quantitative indicators of women's empowerment and their associations with measures of maternal and child health status and healthcare utilization remain unanswered. Major challenges include complexity in measuring progress in several dimensions and the situational, context dependent nature of the empowerment process as it relates to improvements in maternal and child health status and maternal care seeking behaviors...
August 22, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700910/exploring-homophobia-in-tbilisi-georgia
#18
Maia Mestvirishvili, Tinatin Zurabishvili, Tamar Iakobidze, Natia Mestvirishvili
The purpose of this study is to determine statistical predictors of homophobic attitudes among the residents of Tbilisi, Georgia. We analyze 2013 survey data from a representative sample of the Tbilisi adult population. Residents were asked about their attitudes, beliefs, and political and social values in the context of the May 17, 2013 attack on LGBT activists on the International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia (IDAHOT). Findings show that homophobia is significantly predicted by male gender, lower levels of education, acceptance of social inequality, nonliberal attitudes, and perceiving homosexuals as a "threat to national security...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698289/monitoring-and-managing-mental-health-in-the-wake-of-ebola-commentary
#19
Byron Kiiza Yafesi Bitanihirwe
Infectious disease continues to have dramatic effects on morbidity and mortality around the world. Few events could cause such loss of life and damage to livelihoods. As witnessed with the recent West African Ebola outbreak, raising alerts and identifying the outbreak in the community took too long. As a consequence local health systems were quickly overwhelmed. In addition, response at the international level proved slow and poorly coordinated. Rapid diagnostics, effective therapeutics, protective equipment, and a vaccine were all lacking...
July 2016: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696433/how-risk-perception-shapes-collective-action-intentions-in-repressive-contexts-a-study-of-egyptian-activists-during-the-2013-post-coup-uprising
#20
Arin H Ayanian, Nicole Tausch
Social psychological research has overlooked collective action in repressive contexts, where activists face substantial personal risks. This paper examines the social psychological processes motivating activists to engage in collective action in risky contexts. We investigate the idea that perceived risks due to government sanctions can galvanize action through fuelling anger, shaping efficacy beliefs, and increasing identification with the movement. We also argue that anger, efficacy, and identification motivate action intentions directly and indirectly through reducing the personal importance activists attach to these risks...
December 2016: British Journal of Social Psychology
keyword
keyword
85770
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"