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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338538/increased-nature-relatedness-and-decreased-authoritarian-political-views-after-psilocybin-for-treatment-resistant-depression
#1
Taylor Lyons, Robin L Carhart-Harris
RATIONALE: Previous research suggests that classical psychedelic compounds can induce lasting changes in personality traits, attitudes and beliefs in both healthy subjects and patient populations. AIM: Here we sought to investigate the effects of psilocybin on nature relatedness and libertarian-authoritarian political perspective in patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD). METHODS: This open-label pilot study with a mixed-model design studied the effects of psilocybin on measures of nature relatedness and libertarian-authoritarian political perspective in patients with moderate to severe TRD ( n=7) versus age-matched non-treated healthy control subjects ( n=7)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335124/-the-reception-a-prerequisite-of-the-encounter-a-political-question
#2
Patrick Touzet
The reception of a patient in psychiatry is a stage which consists of more than a single initial contact between a person suffering psychologically and a caregiver. This time can open the way to an encounter, without which a care relationship cannot be established. The reception as a paradigm of psychiatric care questions the concept of this care, at a time when caregivers cannot avoid the question of their political engagement.
January 2018: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332547/the-psychology-of-the-politics-of-rape-political-ideology-moral-foundations-and-attitudes-toward-rape
#3
Michael D Barnett, Emily N Hilz
Previous research has found that conservatives and liberals emphasize different moral foundations. The purpose of these two studies was to investigate whether moral foundations mediate the relationship between political ideology and attitudes toward rape among U.S. college students. In Study 1, moral foundations fully mediated the relationship between political ideology and rape myth acceptance. Study 2 generally replicated the results of Study 1, with binding foundations demonstrating the most consistent mediating effects...
May 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283643/-let-s-get-in-formation-on-becoming-a-psychologist-activist-in-the-21st-century
#4
Kevin L Nadal
Throughout the history of the United States, there have been many social movements that have resulted in an array of historic societal outcomes-ranging from the end of racial segregation to women's voting rights to the legalization of same-sex marriages. Despite the positive outcomes derived from political activism, many psychologists have struggled with how to advocate for social justice while maintaining their professional responsibilities and ethical boundaries. The current article reviews the historical ways that psychologists have participated in political movements-from the use of psychological research in landmark U...
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279211/the-social-psychological-makings-of-a-terrorist
#5
REVIEW
David Webber, Arie W Kruglanski
Social psychological factors pertain to all aspects of terrorism, including how terrorist organizations operate, and the impact of terrorism on everyday people. The present analysis focuses on the aspect of terrorism where social psychology's voice is perhaps most critical: radicalization (i.e., how terrorists are made) and deradicalization (i.e., how terrorists are unmade). In reviewing the literature, we identify three factors critical to radicalization: (1) the individual need that motivates one to engage in political violence, (2) the ideological narrative that justifies political violence, and (3) the social network that influences one's decisions along the pathway to extremism...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250480/cultural-competence-in-working-with-the-arab-australian-community-a-conceptual-review-and-the-experience-of-the-arab-council-australia-aca-gambling-help-counselling-service
#6
Randa Mazbouh-Moussa, Keis Ohtsuka
Although Culturally And Linguistically Diverse (CALD) communities participate less in gambling than the general population, those who gamble are more likely to show signs of disordered gambling (Moore and Ohtsuka International Gambling Studies, 1, 87-101, 2001; Raylu and Oei Clinical Psychology Review, 23, 1087-1114, 2004; Yamine and Thomas The impact of gaming on specific cultural groups, Victorian Casino and Gaming Authority, Melbourne, 2000). Research data on gambling problems and interventions in the Arab Australian community are extremely scarce...
2017: Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244200/from-hohensch%C3%A3-nhausen-to-guantanamo-bay-psychology-s-role-in-the-secret-services-of-the-gdr-and-the-united-states
#7
Moritz Michels, Martin Wieser
This paper presents a historical analysis of the genesis, context, and function of "Operative Psychology," a little-known branch of applied psychology developed by employees of the Ministry of State Security in the German Democratic Republic. For 25 years, theories and practices of Operative Psychology were taught to elite agents at the Juridical Academy in Potsdam, introducing them to various "silent" psychological techniques of persuasion, interrogation, and repression. After highlighting the economic and political context that increased the need for "silent" techniques of observation and repression, an overview of the topics that were taught and researched at the chair for Operative Psychology is given...
December 15, 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239708/psychoanalytic-thoughts-on-the-european-refugee-crisis-and-the-other
#8
Vamık D Volkan
There are many aspects-political, economic, legal, medical, cultural, religious-of the present refugee crisis in Europe. Difficulties at border crossings, settlement programs, life-saving issues, and security measures come to mind immediately, but the refugee crisis also needs to be examined from a psychological angle. This paper outlines psychoanalytic findings on voluntary and forced immigration and human responses to the Other. Change in the twenty-first century is occurring at an unprecedented pace and scale...
December 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237297/the-evolutionary-psychology-of-war-offense-and-defense-in-the-adapted-mind
#9
Anthony C Lopez
The study of warfare from an evolutionary perspective has expanded rapidly over the last couple of decades. However, it has tended to focus on the ancestral origins, prevalence, and instruments of war rather than adaptationist analyses of its underlying psychology. I argue that our evolved coalitional psychology may contain a set of distinct evolved heuristics designed specifically for offensive and defensive coalitional aggression. Data from two survey experiments are presented, in which subjects were given scenarios depicting offensive or defensive aggression and were told to make decisions, for example, regarding their willingness to participate in the conflict, their opinions of others who did not choose to participate, and their expectations benefit...
October 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221505/the-politics-of-socioeconomic-status-how-socioeconomic-status-may-influence-political-attitudes-and-engagement
#10
REVIEW
Jazmin L Brown-Iannuzzi, Kristjen B Lundberg, Stephanie McKee
Socioeconomic status is hypothesized to be one factor informing political attitudes and actions. Presumably, this relationship is rooted in economic self-interest, with individuals preferring policies that would benefit them financially. In addition, these economic policy preferences are assumed to translate into political action. However, the relationships between socioeconomic status and political attitudes and behavior, as well as the psychological mechanisms associated with those relationships, are not straightforward...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214969/pedaling-toward-revelation-my-summer-with-flannery-o-connor
#11
Ben Saxton
This section features original work on pathographies-i.e., (auto)biographical accounts of disease, illness, and disability-that provide narrative inquiry relating to the personal, existential, psychological, social, cultural, spiritual, political, and moral meanings of individual experience. Editors are: Nathan Carlin and Therese Jones. For submissions, contact Nathan Carlin at: Nathan.Carlin@uth.tmc.edu.
January 2018: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213489/in-search-of-the-moral-psychological-and-neuroevolutionary-basis-of-political-partisanship
#12
REVIEW
Vitor Geraldi Haase, Isabella Starling-Alves
In many countries, a radical political divide brings several socially relevant decisions to a standstill. Could cognitive, affective and social (CAS) neuroscience help better understand these questions? The present article reviews the moral-psychological and neuroevolutionary basis of the political partisanship divide. A non-systematic literature review and a conceptual analysis were conducted. Three main points are identified and discussed: 1) Political partisan behavior rests upon deep moral emotions. It is automatically processed and impervious to contradiction...
January 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199550/facilitating-dual-careers-by-improving-resistance-to-chronic-stress-effects-of-an-intervention-programme-for-elite-student-athletes
#13
Jeffrey Sallen, Karen Hemming, Alfred Richartz
The starting point of this contribution is the potential risk to health and performance from the combination of elite sporting careers with the pursuit of education. In European sport science and politics, structural measures to promote dual careers in elite sports have been discussed increasingly of late. In addition to organisational measures, there are calls for educational-psychological intervention programmes supporting the successful management of dual careers at the individual level. This paper presents an appropriate intervention programme and its evaluation: stress-resistance training for elite athletes (SRT-EA)...
December 3, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193046/measurement-invariance-of-the-belief-in-a-zero-sum-game-scale-across-36-countries
#14
Joanna Różycka-Tran, Paweł Jurek, Michał Olech, Jarosław Piotrowski, Magdalena Żemojtel-Piotrowska
In this paper, we examined the psychometric properties of cross-cultural validation and replicability (i.e. measurement invariance) of the Belief in a Zero-Sum Game (BZSG) scale, measuring antagonistic belief about interpersonal relations over scarce resources. The factorial structure of the BZSG scale was investigated in student samples from 36 countries (N = 9907), using separate confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) for each country. The cross-cultural validation of the scale was based on multigroup confirmatory factor analyses (MGCFA)...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172577/psychology-public-policy-and-advocacy-past-present-and-future
#15
Ellen Greenberg Garrison, Patrick H DeLeon, Brian D Smedley
This article offers a historical perspective on the contributions of the field of psychology and the American Psychological Association (APA) to the public policy arena. It traces APA's involvement from a 1956 Council of Representatives resolution on the application of psychology to inform public policy to current advocacy initiatives related to psychological science, practice, and education in the public interest. Attention is directed to APA's early policy structures together with the development of affiliated state, provincial, and territorial psychological associations and the first political action committee for psychology...
November 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169535/one-flag-two-rallies-mechanisms-of-public-opinion-in-israel-during-the-2014-gaza-war
#16
Yuval Feinstein
In Israel, public reaction to the 2014 Gaza war included massive support for the military operation and a sharp increase in the popularity of Prime Minister Netanyahu. To understand what caused these "rally-round-the-flag" (RRTF) effects, panel data were collected from a representative sample of the Jewish majority in Israel during and after the war. The article integrate empirical and theoretical arguments from public opinion studies, and from social and political psychology, to contextualize and guide the analysis...
January 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169083/political-aspects-of-shared-reality
#17
REVIEW
Chadly Stern, Peter Ondish
The political world permeates people's everyday experiences. In this article, we review recent research concerning how the pursuit, creation, and maintenance of shared reality underlie important political phenomena. We address three general points. First, we discuss how the desire to share reality shapes the political attitudes that people adopt. Second, we outline how the existence of competing representations of reality can lead to prolonged political conflicts that are challenging to overcome. Third, we consider how and why shared reality contributes to social stasis and change...
November 9, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165223/health-status-of-asylum-seekers-spain
#18
Núria Serre-Delcor, Carlos Ascaso, Antoni Soriano-Arandes, Francisco Collazos Sanchez, Begoña Treviño Maruri, Elena Sulleiro, Diana Pou Ciruelo, Cristina Bocanegra Garcia, Israel Molina Romero
The rising rate of conflicts and the unsafe situation caused by reasons of ethnicity, religion, gender, sexual orientation, political opinion, or nationality entail an increase in the number of migratory movements. The goal of this article is to describe the health status of asylum seekers visited in an international health center. We conducted a retrospective study of the asylum seekers visited between July 2013 and June 2016. A total of 303 cases were included. The median age was 28.0 years (interquartile range [IQR]: 21-35), and 203 (67...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162432/renal-damage-in-the-metabolic-syndrome-metsx-disorders-implicated
#19
REVIEW
Trujillo Joyce, Chirino Yolanda Irasema, Martínez-Tagüeña Natalia, Pedraza-Chaverri Jose
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is increasing worldwide and has become a risk factor for the development of chronic kidney disease. The complex linkage between metabolic syndrome and chronic kidney disease is under research and the factors involved beyond the biological pathogenesis include demographic, sociological and psychological factors that are related to the metabolic syndrome prevalence. The social context of disease causation is as relevant to today's clinical scientist and practitioner as biomarker-directed risk stratification and therapy...
November 18, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159908/twenty-years-later-the-cognitive-portrait-of-openness-to-reconciliation-in-rwanda
#20
Serge Caparos, Sara-Valérie Giroux, Eugène Rutembesa, Emmanuel Habimana, Isabelle Blanchette
With this work, we intended to draw a cognitive portrait of openness to reconciliation. No study had yet examined the potential contribution of high-level cognitive functioning, in addition to psychological health, to explaining attitudes towards reconciliation in societies exposed to major trauma such as post-genocide Rwanda. We measured the contribution of general cognitive capacity, analytical thinking, and subjective judgements. Our results show that higher cognitive capacity is not associated with greater openness to reconciliation...
November 21, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
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