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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139320/effects-of-cable-news-watching-on-older-adults-physiological-and-self-reported-stress-and-cognitive-function
#1
Caroline Deal, Ryan Bogdan, J Phil Miller, Tom Rodebaugh, Charlene Caburnay, Mike Yingling, Tammy Hershey, Julia Schweiger, Eric J Lenze
Older adults are the largest consumer of cable news, which includes negative and politicized content and may constitute a daily stressor. As older adults are also vulnerable to the negative consequences of stress, we hypothesized that cable news watching could induce a stress reaction and impair cognitive function. We tested exposures to cable news (i.e., Fox News and MSNBC) in a within-subject randomized controlled design in 34 healthy older adults. We also included negative (Public Broadcasting Station) and positive (trier social stress test) controls...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133409/psychological-targeting-as-an-effective-approach-to-digital-mass-persuasion
#2
S C Matz, M Kosinski, G Nave, D J Stillwell
People are exposed to persuasive communication across many different contexts: Governments, companies, and political parties use persuasive appeals to encourage people to eat healthier, purchase a particular product, or vote for a specific candidate. Laboratory studies show that such persuasive appeals are more effective in influencing behavior when they are tailored to individuals' unique psychological characteristics. However, the investigation of large-scale psychological persuasion in the real world has been hindered by the questionnaire-based nature of psychological assessment...
November 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126911/why-mdma-therapy-for-alcohol-use-disorder-and-why-now
#3
REVIEW
Ben Sessa
Alcohol use disorder represents a serious clinical, social and personal burden on its sufferers and a significant financial strain on society. Current treatments, both psychological and pharmacological are poor, with high rates of relapse after medical detoxification and dedicated treatment programs. The earliest historical roots of psychedelic drug-assisted psychotherapy in the 1950s were associated with Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)-assisted psychotherapy to treat what was then called, alcoholism. But results were varied and psychedelic therapy with LSD and other 'classical' psychedelics fell out of favour in the wake of socio-political pressures and cultural changes...
November 7, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120288/reproductive-health-and-rights-in-east-jerusalem-the-effects-of-militarisation-and-biopolitics-on-the-experiences-of-pregnancy-and-birth-of-palestinians-living-in-the-kufr-aqab-neighbourhood
#4
Layaly Hamayel, Doaa Hammoudeh, Lynn Welchman
Research with marginalised communities points to the need to understand political determinants of reproductive health. For residents of Kufr 'Aqab neighbourhood, Israeli biopolitics in East Jerusalem can be barriers to access to maternal health. This is manifested in women having to cross military checkpoints to give birth in hospitals located in Jerusalem to make their children eligible for "permanent residency", a document required for Palestinians to live in Jerusalem. A basic qualitative design is utilised, and semi-structured in-depth interviews with 27 women and 20 men were conducted and thematic analysis was used to extract themes and subthemes...
October 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115176/interlaced-strands-health-psychology-in-brazil-from-an-autobiographic-perspective
#5
Mary Jane P Spink
The presence of psychology in Brazilian Health Settings is closely related to two socio-political movements: for the creation of the Brazilian Unified Health System in 1990 and for Psychiatric Reform. Each had a multidisciplinary stance closely associated with a socially committed approach to healthcare delivery and connected with prior experiences that influenced its policies, among them the National AIDS Programme. These developments are told as a tale that interlaced autobiographical data and the long road to a universal healthcare system that shaped the relationship between psychology and health in the country...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110205/psychobiography-and-the-psychology-of-religion-a-tribute-to-the-work-of-donald-capps
#6
Janet Jacobs
This article examines Donald Capps's work on the psychology of major religious figures and the social forces that informed their psychic lives, spiritual worldviews, and teachings. Drawing on four texts that were published between 2000 and 2014, the essay explores Capps's views on the importance of psychobiography to the study of religion and the specific contributions his thinking has made to a greater understanding of the historical Jesus. The article considers Capps's analysis of Jesus's illegitimacy and his role as healer within the society in which he lived and preached...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091541/a-multilevel-social-neuroscience-perspective-on-radicalization-and-terrorism
#7
Jean Decety, Clifford I Workman
Why are some people capable of sympathizing with and/or committing acts of political violence, such as attacks aimed at innocent targets? Attempts to construct terrorist profiles based on individual and situational factors, such as clinical, psychological, ethnic, and socio-demographic variables, have largely failed. Although individual and situational factors must be at work, it is clear that they alone cannot explain how certain individuals are radicalized. In this paper, we propose that a comprehensive understanding of radicalization and of how it may lead to political violence requires the integration of information across multiple levels of analysis and interdisciplinary perspectives from evolutionary theory, social, personality and cognitive psychology, political science and neuroscience...
November 1, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082026/prevalence-of-anxiety-depression-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-the-kashmir-valley
#8
Tambri Housen, Annick Lenglet, Cono Ariti, Showkat Shah, Helal Shah, Shabnum Ara, Kerri Viney, Simon Janes, Giovanni Pintaldi
BACKGROUND: Following the partition of India in 1947, the Kashmir Valley has been subject to continual political insecurity and ongoing conflict, the region remains highly militarised. We conducted a representative cross-sectional population-based survey of adults to estimate the prevalence and predictors of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the 10 districts of the Kashmir Valley. METHODS: Between October and December 2015, we interviewed 5519 out of 5600 invited participants, ≥18 years of age, randomly sampled using a probability proportional to size cluster sampling design...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076402/restricted-reproductive-rights-and-risky-sexual-behaviour-how-political-disenfranchisement-relates-to-women-s-sense-of-control-well-being-and-sexual-health
#9
Rachel Msetfi, Sarah Jay, Aisling T O'Donnell, Michelle Kearns, Elaine L Kinsella, Jennifer McMahon, Orla T Muldoon, Catherine Naughton, Ann-Marie Creaven
Few studies have investigated the role of disenfranchisement and denial of agency in women's sexual health. To address this, a cross-sectional study of disenfranchisement, control (general and reproductive control) and health was conducted in Ireland, where abortion is severely restricted. Multiple mediation models ( N = 513 women) indicated that general but not reproductive control mediates the association between disenfranchisement and psychological well-being. Additionally, serial mediation shows disenfranchisement is associated with lower sense of control, which is linked to poorer well-being and risky sexual behaviour...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075813/-small-scale-analysis-of-suspected-cancer-clusters-based-on-cancer-registry-data
#10
REVIEW
M Radespiel-Tröger, M Meyer
Cancer registries collect data about the occurrence and temporal changes of the occurrence of all types of cancer. This information is an important basis for health administration as well as for the evaluation of possible cancer causes. Cancer clusters can be detected by analysis of registry data according to place or district of residence of diseased persons. Cancer registries frequently receive enquiries from concerned citizens asking for investigation of the causes of suspected cancer clusters. The management of suspected cancer clusters can be described as crisis management due to the mixing of medical, biological, political, and psychological factors...
October 26, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048313/knowledge-and-attitudes-about-abortion-among-undergraduate-students
#11
David Alvargonzález
BACKGROUND: This study examined attitudes towards and knowledge about abortion among undergraduate students doing eleven different subjects. The differences in attitudes and knowledge about abortion according to gender, religious and political affiliation, religiosity, sexual orientation, number of sex partners and previous sexual experience were also considered. METHOD: 1,025 undergraduate students (58.34% women and 41.66% men; mean age 20.18) completed the following instruments: an adaptation of the Abortion Attitudes Scale by Hill, and an adaptation of Abortion Knowledge Test by Esposito and Basow...
November 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048192/intersectionality-research-in-counseling-psychology
#12
Patrick R Grzanka, Carlos E Santos, Bonnie Moradi
This article introduces the special section on intersectionality research in counseling psychology. Across the 4 manuscripts that constitute this special section, a clear theme emerges: a need to return to the roots and politics of intersectionality. Importantly, the 2 empirical articles in this special section (Jerald, Cole, Ward, & Avery, 2017; Lewis, Williams, Peppers, & Gadson, 2017) are studies of Black women's experiences: a return, so to speak, to the subject positions and social locations from which intersectionality emanates...
October 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046657/the-palliative-function-of-hostile-sexism-among-high-and-low-status-chilean-students
#13
Salvador Vargas-Salfate
Previous studies have demonstrated that justifying the social, economic, and political systems is associated with psychological well-being, which has been termed as the palliative function of ideology. However, little research has been conducted on gender stereotypes among children, comparing by socioeconomic status. This study aimed to fill this gap in the system justification literature. We present data from the Chilean version of the International Survey of Children Well-Being (ISCWeB), which was conducted in 2012...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028362/the-current-socio-political-climate-and-psychological-distress-among-transgender-people
#14
Jacquelyn H Flaskerud, Janna Lesser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025417/human-rights-and-mental-health-in-post-apartheid-south-africa-lessons-from-health-care-professionals-working-with-suicidal-inmates-in-the-prison-system
#15
Jason Bantjes, Leslie Swartz, Pieter Niewoudt
BACKGROUND: During the era of apartheid in South Africa, a number of mental health professionals were vocal about the need for socio-economic and political reform. They described the deleterious psychological and social impact of the oppressive and discriminatory Nationalist state policies. However, they remained optimistic that democracy would usher in positive changes. In this article, we consider how mental health professionals working in post-apartheid South Africa experience their work...
October 12, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023822/the-context-of-coping-a-qualitative-exploration-of-underlying-inequalities-that-influence-health-services-support-for-people-living-with-long-term-conditions
#16
Caroline M Potter, Laura Kelly, Cheryl Hunter, Ray Fitzpatrick, Michele Peters
Coping with chronic illness encapsulates both practical and emotional aspects of living life in relation to one's long-term health condition(s). Dominant health psychology approaches for understanding coping, which underpin a more recent policy discourse on 'self-management', focus sharply on the person affected by illness and potentially mask the influence of overarching social structure. In this paper we draw on qualitative interviews with 48 people living with long-term conditions (LTCs), in order to highlight the role that structural configurations such as healthcare systems may play in either helping or hindering people's efforts to cope with chronic illness...
October 11, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022516/folk-economic-beliefs-an-evolutionary-cognitive-model
#17
Pascal Boyer, Michael Bang Petersen
The domain of "folk-economics" consists in explicit beliefs about the economy held by laypeople, untrained in economics, about such topics as e.g., the causes of the wealth of nations, the benefits or drawbacks of markets and international trade, the effects of regulation, the origins of inequality, the connection between work and wages, the economic consequences of immigration, or the possible causes of unemployment. These beliefs are crucial in forming people's political beliefs, and in shaping their reception of different policies...
October 12, 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994479/bureaucracy-and-creativity-do-they-make-companionable-bedfellows
#18
Jan Wiener
This essay will look at the benefits and weaknesses of the increasingly bureaucratic nature of training structures and processes in the training of Jungian psychotherapists and analysts. The author will draw on her experiences during two different periods of time as Director of Training at the Society of Analytical Psychology in London with observations on and discussion about some of the changes that have evolved. By way of contrast, she will offer some comparisons with developments in the training of Jungian analysts in countries with little or no legacy of an analytic culture...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990570/-children-s-politics-and-the-hierarchy-dilemma
#19
Jean-Baptiste Van der Henst
Hierarchy is a recurrent feature of social life. From an early age, children are confronted with power relationships wherein a dominant individual imposes his/her will to a subordinate individual. Recent research has shown that young children develop sophisticated abilities in understanding power. However, little is known about how young children react to power-based inequality. Do they consider a dominant should be favored so as to strenghten the status quo ? Or do they consider that the subordinate must be favored to conteract a social inequality? In the current paper, I present and discuss a recent study, published in Developmental Psychology, that investigates this issue...
June 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983151/on-self-love-and-outgroup-hate-opposite-effects-of-narcissism-on-prejudice-via-social-dominance-orientation-and-right-wing-authoritarianism
#20
Aleksandra Cichocka, Kristof Dhont, Arti P Makwana
Previous research has obtained mixed findings as to whether feelings of self-worth are positively or negatively related to right-wing ideological beliefs and prejudice. We propose to clarify the link between self-worth and ideology by distinguishing between narcissistic and non-narcissistic self-evaluations as well as between different dimensions of ideological attitudes. Four studies, conducted in three different socio-political contexts: the UK (Study 1, N = 422), the US (Studies 2 and 3, Ns = 471 and 289, respectively), and Poland (Study 4, N = 775), investigated the associations between narcissistic and non-narcissistic self-evaluations, social dominance orientation (SDO), right-wing authoritarianism (RWA), and ethnic prejudice...
July 2017: European Journal of Personality
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