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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205646/connexin30-3-is-expressed-in-mouse-embryonic-stem-cells-and-is-responsive-to-leukemia-inhibitory-factor
#1
Mikako Saito, Yuma Asai, Keiichi Imai, Shoya Hiratoko, Kento Tanaka
The expression of 19 connexin (Cx) isoforms was observed in the mouse embryonic stem (ES) cell line, EB3. Their expression patterns could be classified into either pluripotent state-specific, differentiating stage-specific, or non-specific Cxs. We focused on Cx30.3 as typical of the first category. Cx30.3 was pluripotent state-specific and upregulated by leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), a specific cytokine that maintains the pluripotent state of ES cell, via a Jak signaling pathway. Cx30.3 protein was localized to both the cell membrane and cytosol...
February 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205211/unraveling-a-novel-mechanism-for-the-up-regulation-of-connexin43-gap-junctions-between-cells-derived-from-the-blood-brain-barrier
#2
Juan C Sáez
Endothelial cells from different vascular territories in mammals express at least three connexins (Cxs: Cx37, Cx40 and Cx43), which are protein subunits of gap junction channels. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
February 15, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194469/phenylephrine-induced-cardiac-hypertrophy-is-attenuated-by-a-histone-acetylase-inhibitor-anacardic-acid-in-mice
#3
Chang Peng, Xiaomei Luo, Shuo Li, Huichao Sun
Cardiac hypertrophy is a complex process involving highly coordinated but tight regulation of multiple elements, such as in epigenetics, which make an important contribution to myocardium remodeling and cardiac hypertrophy. Epigenetic regulations, particularly histone acetylation, have been implicated in cardiac hypertrophy, however, the exact mechanism is still largely unknown. In the present study, we explored the potential attenuating effects of Chinese herbal extract anacardic acid on phenylephrine-induced cardiac hypertrophy and the underlying mechanism...
February 14, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192031/neural-crest-stem-cells-can-differentiate-to-a-cardiomyogenic-lineage-with-an-ability-to-contract-in-response-to-pulsed-infrared-stimulation
#4
Jordan M Greenberg, Vicente Lumbreras, Daniel Pelaez, Suhrud M Rajguru, Herman S Cheung
INTRODUCTION: Cellular cardiomyoplasty has rapidly risen to prominence in the clinic following a myocardial infarction; however, low engraftment of transplanted cells limits the therapeutic benefit to these procedures. Recently, lineage-specific stem cells differentiated into cardiomyocytes have gained much attention to assist in the repair of an injured heart tissue; however, questions regarding the ideal cell source remain. In the present study, we have identified a source that is easy to extract stem cells from and show that the cells present have a high plasticity toward the cardiomyogenic lineage...
October 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181145/low-after-high-glucose-down-regulated-cx43-in-h9c2-cells-by-autophagy-activation-via-cross-regulation-by-the-pi3k-akt-mtor-and-mek-erk1-2-signal-pathways
#5
Yaguang Bi, Guangyu Wang, Xiangdong Liu, Meng Wei, Qingyong Zhang
PURPOSE: Hypoglycemia in diabetes is a strong predictor of cardiovascular events. High-glucose have been reported to alter connexin43 expression and to promote autophagy in cardiomyocytes. We investigated whether low-after-high glucose would influence connexin43 expression and autophagy in H9c2 cells. METHODS: H9c2 cells were incubated in 33.3 mM glucose for 24 h followed by 2.5 mM glucose for 2, 4, 6, or 12 h with or without chloroquine (autophagy inhibitor), U0126 (MEK1/2 inhibitor) or LY294002 (PI3K inhibitor)...
February 8, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177659/effects-of-ferulic-acid-on-oxidative-stress-heat-shock-protein-70-connexin-43-and-monoamines-in-hippocampus-of-pentylenetetrazole-kindled-rats
#6
Abdelaziz M Hussein, Khalid M Abbas, Osama A Abulseoud, Elhussainy Mohamed Abouelez Elhussainy
The present study investigated the effects of ferulic acid on pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced seizures, oxidative stress markers (malondialdhyde (MDA), catalase (CAT) and reduced glutathione (GSH)), connexin (Cx) 43, heat shock protein (Hsp) 70 and monoamines (serotonin (5HT) and norepinephrine (NE) levels in a rat model of PTZ-induced kindling. Sixty Sprague Dawley rats were divided into 5 equal groups, a) normal group, b) FA group: normal rats received FA at a dose of 40 mg/kg daily, c) PTZ group: rats received PTZ at a dose of 50 mg/kg i...
February 3, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177159/connexin43-mutant-patient-derived-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-exhibit-altered-differentiation-potential
#7
Jessica L Esseltine, Qing Shao, Courtney Brooks, Jacinda Sampson, Dean H Betts, Cheryle Séguin, Dale W Laird
We present for the first time the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from a patient with a connexin-linked disease. The importance of gap junctional intercellular communication in bone homeostasis is exemplified by the autosomal dominant developmental disorder oculodentodigital dysplasia (ODDD) which is linked to mutations in the GJA1 (Cx43) gene. ODDD is characterised by craniofacial malformations, ophthalmic deficits, enamel hypoplasia and syndactyly. In addition to harboring a Cx43 p.V216L mutation, ODDD iPSCs exhibit reduced Cx43 mRNA and protein abundance when compared to control iPSCs and display impaired channel function...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176351/role-of-connexin-43-in-cadmium-induced-proliferation-of-human-prostate-epithelial-cells
#8
Qingping Liu, Xiaoli Ji, Zehe Ge, Haipeng Diao, Xiuli Chang, Lihua Wang, Qing Wu
Connexins (Cxs), the subunits of gap junction channels, are involved in many physiological processes. Aberrant control of Cxs and gap junction intercellular communication may contribute to many diseases, including the promotion of cancer. Cd exposure is associated with increased risk of human prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia. The roles of Cxs in the effects of Cd on the prostate have, however, not been reported previously. In this study, the human prostate epithelial cell line RWPE-1 was exposed to Cd...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168732/two-modes-of-enteric-gliotransmission-differentially-affect-gut-physiology
#9
Vladimir Grubišić, Vladimir Parpura
Enteric glia (EG) in the enteric nervous system can modulate neuronally regulated gut functions. Using molecular genetics, we assessed the effects that molecular entities expressed in EG and otherwise mediating two distinct mechanisms of gliotransmitter release, connexin 43 (Cx43) hemichannel vs. Ca(2+) -dependent exocytosis, have on gut function. The expression of mutated Cx43(G138R) (which favors hemichannel, as opposed to gap-junctional activity) in EG increased gut motility in vivo, while a knock-down of Cx43 in EG resulted in the reduction of gut motility...
February 7, 2017: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167212/recruitment-of-rna-molecules-by-connexin-rna-binding-motifs-implication-in-rna-and-dna-transport-through-microvesicles-and-exosomes
#10
REVIEW
Marta Varela-Eirin, Adrian Varela-Vazquez, Marina Rodríguez-Candela Mateos, Anton Vila-Sanjurjo, Eduardo Fonseca, José L Mascareñas, M Eugenio Vázquez, Maria D Mayan
Connexins (Cxs) are integral membrane proteins that form high-conductance plasma membrane channels, allowing communication from cell to cell (via gap junctions) and from cells to the extracellular environment (via hemichannels). Initially described for their role in joining excitable cells (nerve and muscle), gap junctions (GJs) are found between virtually all cells in solid tissues and are essential for functional coordination by enabling the direct transfer of small signalling molecules, metabolites, ions, and electrical signals from cell to cell...
February 4, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160200/reversal-of-tresk-downregulation-alleviates-neuropathic-pain-by-inhibiting-activation-of-gliocytes-in-the-spinal-cord
#11
Jun Zhou, Hongtao Chen, Chengxiang Yang, Jiying Zhong, Wanyou He, Qingming Xiong
Despite the consensus that activation of TWIK-related spinal cord K(+) (TRESK) might contribute to the pathogenesis of chronic pain, the specific mechanisms underlying the transfer and development of pain signals still remain obscure. In the present study, we validated that TRESK was expressed in neurons instead of glial cells. Furthermore, in the SNI model of neuropathic pain (NP), downregulation of TRESK in spinal cord neurons resulted in upregulation of connexin 36 (Cx36) and connexin 43 (Cx43), both being subtypes of gap junctions in the spinal cord, with gliocytes in the spinal cord activated ultimately...
February 3, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158934/inducibility-of-ventricular-arrhythmia-1-year-following-treatment-with-heavy-ion-irradiation-in-dogs-with-myocardial-infarction
#12
Mari Amino, Koichiro Yoshioka, Yoshiya Furusawa, Sachie Tanaka, Noboru Kawabe, Tadashi Hashida, Teruyo Tsukada, Masako Izumi, Sadaki Inokuchi, Teruhisa Tanabe, Yuji Ikari
BACKGROUND: Targeted external heavy ion irradiation (THIR) of rabbit hearts 2 weeks after myocardial infarction (MI) reduced the vulnerability of fatal ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VT/VF) in association with the increased connexin43 (Cx43). Increased Cx43 was maintained for at least 1 year in normal rabbits, but the long-term antiarrhythmic effects in the MI model are unknown. We investigated the propensity for late potentials and VT/VF inducibility. METHODS: Intracoronary injection of microspheres was performed to induce non-transmural MI in anaesthetized 8 beagles...
February 3, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157110/connexin40-correlated-with-oxidative-stress-in-brains-of-traumatic-brain-injury-rats
#13
Wei Chen, Yijun Guo, Wenjin Yang, Ping Zheng, Jinsong Zeng, Wusong Tong
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress is an important factor in the pathophysiologic changes after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Connexin43 (Cx43) was reported to contribute to cerebral damage. However, the impacts of Cx40 have not been investigated in detail. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we hypothesized that Cx40 was involved in oxidative stress-induced brain injury after TBI. METHODS: The controlled cortical impact (CCI) model was introduced to Wistar rats as a TBI model...
February 2, 2017: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154134/cdon-deficiency-causes-cardiac-remodeling-through-hyperactivation-of-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling
#14
Myong-Ho Jeong, Hyun-Ji Kim, Jung-Hoon Pyun, Kyu-Sil Choi, Dong I Lee, Soroosh Solhjoo, Brian O'Rourke, Gordon F Tomaselli, Dong Seop Jeong, Hana Cho, Jong-Sun Kang
On pathological stress, Wnt signaling is reactivated and induces genes associated with cardiac remodeling and fibrosis. We have previously shown that a cell surface receptor Cdon (cell-adhesion associated, oncogene regulated) suppresses Wnt signaling to promote neuronal differentiation however its role in heart is unknown. Here, we demonstrate a critical role of Cdon in cardiac function and remodeling. Cdon is expressed and predominantly localized at intercalated disk in both mouse and human hearts. Cdon-deficient mice develop cardiac dysfunction including reduced ejection fraction and ECG abnormalities...
February 2, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148740/requirement-for-cx43-c-terminus-in-bone
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144639/effects-of-exposure-to-estradiol-benzoate-or-flutamide-at-the-weaning-age-on-expression-of-connexins-in-the-caudal-epididymis-of-adult-rat
#16
Ki-Ho Lee
The present research was chiefly designed to determine the effect of the treatment of estrogenic agonist, estradiol benzoate (EB), or antiandrogenic compound, flutamide (Flu), at the weaning age on the expression of connexin (Cx) isoforms in the caudal epididymis of adult male rat. Animals were subcutaneously administrated with a single shot of either EB at a low-dose (0.015 µg of EB/kg body weight (BW)) or a high-dose (1.5 µg of EB/kg BW) or Flu at a low-dose (500 µg of EB/kg BW) or a high-dose (5 mg of EB/kg BW)...
December 2016: Balsaeng'gwa Saengsig
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144277/cx43-expressed-on-bone-marrow-stromal-cells-plays-an-essential-role-in-multiple-myeloma-cell-survival-and-drug-resistance
#17
Jinxiang Fu
INTRODUCTION: Connexin-43 (Cx43), a connexin constituent of gap junctions (GJs) is mainly expressed in bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) and played a important role on hematopoiesis. In this study, we explored the role of gap junctions (GJs) formed by Cx43 between BMSCs and multiple myeloma (MM) cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS: qPCR and western blot assays were employed to assay Cx43 expression in three MM cell lines (RPMI 8266, U266, and XG7), freshly isolated MM cells, and bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs)...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134630/polyamines-preserve-connexin-43-mediated-gap-junctional-communication-during-intracellular-hypercalcemia-and-acidosis
#18
Lilia Y Kucheryavykh, Jan Benedikt, Luis A Cubano, Serguei N Skatchkov, Feliksas F Bukauskas, Yuriy V Kucheryavykh
Changes in the regulation, formation, and gating of connexin-based gap junction channels occur in various disorders. It has been shown that H and Ca are involved in the regulation of gap junctional communication. Ischemia-induced intracellular acidification and Ca overload lead to closure of gap junctions and inhibit an exchange by ions and small molecules throughout the network of cells in the heart, brain, and other tissues. In this study, we examined the role of the polyamines in the regulation of connexin 43 (Cx43)-based gap junction channels under elevated intracellular concentrations of hydrogen ([H]i) and calcium ([Ca]i) ions...
March 1, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132078/targeting-the-tight-junction-protein-zonula-occludens-1-with-the-connexin43-mimetic-peptide-%C3%AE-ct1-reduces-vegf-dependent-rpe-pathophysiology
#19
Elisabeth Obert, Randy Strauss, Carlene Brandon, Christina Grek, Gautam Ghatnekar, Robert Gourdie, Bärbel Rohrer
: A critical target tissue in age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), which forms the outer blood-retina barrier (BRB). RPE-barrier dysfunction might result from attenuation/disruption of intercellular tight junctions. Zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) is a major structural protein of intercellular junctions. A connexin43-based peptide mimetic, αCT1, was developed to competitively block interactions at the PDZ2 domain of ZO-1, thereby inhibiting ligands that selectively bind to this domain...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124626/focus-on-lens-connexins
#20
REVIEW
Viviana M Berthoud, Anaclet Ngezahayo
The lens is an avascular organ composed of an anterior epithelial cell layer and fiber cells that form the bulk of the organ. The lens expresses connexin43 (Cx43), connexin46 (Cx46) and connexin50 (Cx50). Epithelial Cx50 has critical roles in cell proliferation and differentiation, likely involving growth factor-dependent signaling pathways. Both Cx46 and Cx50 are crucial for lens transparency; mutations in their genes have been linked to congenital and age-related cataracts. Congenital cataract-associated connexin mutants can affect protein trafficking, stability and/or function, and the functional effects may differ between gap junction channels and hemichannels...
January 17, 2017: BMC Cell Biology
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