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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026868/antifungal-susceptibility-testing-practices-at-acute-care-hospitals-enrolled-in-the-national-healthcare-safety-network-united-states-2011-2015
#1
Snigdha Vallabhaneni, Mathew Sapiano, Lindsey M Weiner, Shawn R Lockhart, Shelley Magill
We assessed availability of antifungal susceptibility testing (AFST) at nearly 4000 acute care hospitals enrolled in the National Healthcare Safety Network. In 2015, 95% offered any AFST, 28% offered AFST at their own laboratory or at an affiliated medical center, and 33% offered reflexive AFST. Availability of AFST improved from 2011 to 2015, but substantial gaps exist in the availability of AFST.
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981312/intimate-violence-as-it-relates-to-risky-sexual-behavior-among-at-risk-females
#2
Danielle C Hill, L A R Stein, Joseph S Rossi, Molly Magill, Jennifer G Clarke
OBJECTIVE: Rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among adolescents are on the rise. The majority of adolescents who contract STIs do so through risky sexual behavior. Previous literature has identified multiple correlates of risky sexual behaviors among adolescents, including physical and sexual victimization, mental health concerns, and substance use. Few studies, however, have examined these relationships together in a comprehensive model. The primary purpose of this study was to examine whether relationship violence was related to risky sexual behavior, and whether mental health symptoms and substance use mediated this relationship...
October 5, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952139/randomized-comparison-of-the-effectiveness-of-nasal-intubation-using-a-glidescope-video-laryngoscope-with-magill-forceps-versus-vascular-forceps-in-patients-with-a-normal-airway
#3
Jong H Yeom, Mi K Oh, Woo J Shin, Dae W Ahn, Woo J Jeon, Sang Y Cho
PURPOSE: The GlideScope(®) video laryngoscope (GVL) is widely used for nasotracheal intubation in dental and facial plastic surgery. The angle of the Magill forceps is different from that of the GVL blade, which suggests that the Magill forceps are not the ideal forceps for use with the GVL. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of the Magill forceps vs vascular forceps for nasotracheal intubation using the GVL. METHODS: This study included 60 patients scheduled to undergo elective surgery requiring nasotracheal intubation...
September 26, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921537/nasotracheal-intubation-over-a-bougie-vs-non-bougie-intubation-a-prospective-randomised-controlled-trial-in-older-children-and-adults-using-videolaryngoscopy
#4
R O Abrons, M B Zimmerman, Y M S El-Hattab
Conventionally, nasotracheal intubation has consisted of blind nasal passage and external manipulation of the tube through the glottis ('conventional technique'), a technique associated with a high incidence of nasal trauma. We evaluated a novel technique for routine asleep (i.e. post-induction) nasotracheal intubation using a bougie ('bougie technique'), which uses a nasopharyngeal airway to guide a paediatric bougie nasotracheally for use as a Seldinger tracheal intubation guide. Two hundred and fifty-seven older children (> 8 years) and adults were randomly assigned to videolaryngoscopy-assisted nasotracheal intubation using either the conventional or the bougie technique...
September 15, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877269/pf16-and-phipmw-expanding-the-realm-of-pseudomonas-putida-bacteriophages
#5
Damian J Magill, Victor N Krylov, Olga V Shaburova, John W McGrath, Christopher C R Allen, John P Quinn, Leonid A Kulakov
We present the analysis of two novel Pseudomonas putida phages, pf16 and phiPMW. Pf16 represents a peripherally related T4-like phage, and is the first of its kind infecting a Pseudomonad, with evidence suggesting cyanophage origins. Extensive divergence has resulted in pf16 occupying a newly defined clade designated as the pf16-related phages, lying at the interface of the Schizo T-Evens and Exo T-Evens. Recombination with an ancestor of the P. putida phage AF is likely responsible for the tropism of this phage...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858136/comparison-of-a-curved-forceps-with-a-conventional-straight-forceps-for-nasogastric-tube-insertion-under-videolaryngoscopic-guidance-a-randomized-crossover-manikin-study
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kenta Furutani, Tatsunori Watanabe, Yoshinori Kamiya, Hiroshi Baba
BACKGROUND: Nasogastric tube (NGT) insertion is an easy procedure that can be routinely performed under general anesthesia. However, for difficult cases, there are limited insertion techniques available in routine clinical practice, considering the flexibility of NGTs. The SUZY curved forceps are designed for the removal of pharyngolaryngeal foreign bodies under guidance of the McGRATH MAC (McG) videolaryngoscope. Because McG enables clear visualization of the esophageal inlet, we hypothesized that the SUZY forceps can facilitate easier NGT insertion compared with the conventional Magill forceps under McG guidance and designed a randomized, crossover manikin study to test this hypothesis...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851399/a-mixed-methods-feasibility-and-external-pilot-study-to-inform-a-large-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-effects-of-surgical-wound-dressing-strategies-on-surgical-site-infections-bluebelle-phase-b-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Barnaby C Reeves, Lazaros Andronis, Jane M Blazeby, Natalie S Blencowe, Melanie Calvert, Joanna Coast, Tim Draycott, Jenny L Donovan, Rachael Gooberman-Hill, Robert J Longman, Laura Magill, Jonathan M Mathers, Thomas D Pinkney, Chris A Rogers, Leila Rooshenas, Andrew Torrance, Nicky J Welton, Mark Woodward, Kate Ashton, Katarzyna D Bera, Gemma L Clayton, Lucy A Culliford, Jo C Dumville, Daisy Elliott, Lucy Ellis, Hannah Gould-Brown, Rhiannon C Macefield, Christel McMullan, Caroline Pope, Dimitrios Siassakos, Sean Strong, Helen Talbot
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are common, occurring in up to 25% of > 4 million operations performed in England each year. Previous trials of the effect of wound dressings on the risk of developing a SSI are of poor quality and underpowered. METHODS/DESIGN: This study is a feasibility and pilot trial to examine the feasibility of a full trial that will compare simple dressings, no dressing and tissue-glue as a dressing. It is examining the overall acceptability of trial participation, identifying opportunities for refinement, testing the feasibility of and validating new outcome tools to assess SSI, wound management issues and patients' wound symptom experiences...
August 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843757/changing-operating-room-culture-implementation-of-a-post-operative-debrief-and-improved-safety-culture
#8
Stephen T Magill, Doris D Wang, W Caleb Rutledge, Darryl Lau, Mitchel S Berger, Sujatha Sankaran, Catherine Y Lau, Sarah G Imershein
BACKGROUND: Patient safety is foundational to neurosurgical care. Post-procedural "debrief" checklists have been proposed to improve patient safety, but there is limited data about their use in neurosurgery. Here, we implemented an initiative to routinely perform post-operative debriefs and evaluated the impact of debriefing on operating room (OR) safety culture. METHODS: A 10-question safety attitude questionnaire (SAQ) was sent to neurosurgical operating room staff at a major academic medical center before and 18-months after implementation of a post-operative debriefing initiative...
August 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827271/adapting-to-ulcerative-colitis-to-try-to-live-a-normal-life-a-qualitative-study-of-patients-experiences-in-the-midlands-region-of-england
#9
Christel McMullan, Thomas D Pinkney, Laura L Jones, Laura Magill, Dmitri Nepogodiev, Shri Pathmakanthan, Rachel Cooney, Jonathan M Mathers
OBJECTIVE: To provide a framework that is able to categorise whether patients are able to adapt to and lead a 'normal' life with ulcerative colitis (UC) and to detail the factors that influence this. DESIGN: Qualitative research study using in-depth semi-structured interviews. SETTING: Four clinical sites in the West and East Midlands regions of England. PARTICIPANTS: 28 adult patients diagnosed with UC for years between 1 and 22...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760037/mini-open-anterior-approach-for-cervicothoracic-junction-fracture-technical-note
#10
Junichi Ohya, David P Bray, Stephen T Magill, Todd D Vogel, Sigurd Berven, Praveen V Mummaneni
Elderly patients with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis are at high risk for falls, and 3-column unstable fractures present multiple challenges. Unstable fractures across the cervicothoracic junction are associated with significant morbidity and require fixation, which is commonly performed through a posterior open or percutaneous approach. The authors describe a novel, navigated, mini-open anterior approach using intraoperative cone-beam CT scanning to place lag screws followed by an anterior plate in a 97-year-old patient...
August 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746977/intra-tumoural-stromal-morphometry-predicts-disease-recurrence-but-not-response-to-5-fluorouracil-results-from-the-quasar-trial-of-colorectal-cancer
#11
Gordon G A Hutchins, Darren Treanor, Alexander Wright, Kelly Handley, Laura Magill, Emma Tinkler-Hundal, Katie Southward, Matthew Seymour, David Kerr, Richard Gray, Philip Quirke
The biological importance of tumour-associated stroma is increasingly apparent, yet clinical utility remains ill-defined. In stage-II / Dukes B colorectal cancer (CRC), clinical biomarkers are urgently required to direct therapeutic options. We report here prognostic/predictive analyses, and molecular associations, of stromal morphometric quantification in the Quick and Simple and Reliable (QUASAR) trial of CRC MATERIALS AND METHODS: Relative proportions of tumour epithelium (PoT) or stroma (PoS) were morphometrically quantified using digitised haematoxylin and eosin sections derived from 1,800 patients enrolled in QUASAR which randomised 3,239 (91% stage II) CRC patients between adjuvant fluorouracil/folinic acid (FUFA) chemotherapy and observation...
July 26, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743588/determining-the-outcomes-of-post-mastectomy-radiation-therapy-delivered-to-the-definitive-implant-in-patients-undergoing-one-and-two-stage-implant-based-breast-reconstruction-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Louise J Magill, Francis P Robertson, Gavin Jell, Afshin Mosahebi, Mohammed Keshtgar
BACKGROUND: Post-mastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) is known to increase the complication rate and implant loss in implant-based breast reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature regarding the outcome of PMRT delivered to the permanent/definitive implant. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis of studies involving immediate implant-based reconstruction and PMRT when delivered to the permanent implant. RESULTS: Seven studies included 2921 patients (520 PMRT, 2401 control)...
October 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735134/intraventricular-meningioma-resection-with-postoperative-ischemia-of-the-lateral-geniculate-nucleus
#13
Saman Sizdahkhani, Stephen T Magill, Michael W McDermott
BACKGROUND: Intraventricular meningiomas comprise 0.5%-3% of intracranial meningiomas. They often cause obstructive hydrocephalus and commonly are treated with surgical resection or stereotactic radiosurgery. OBJECTIVE: To describe the surgical approaches and resection techniques needed to approach intraventricular tumors while highlighting the eloquent anatomy and blood supply surrounding the ventricular system to avoid neurological injury. METHODS: Two cases of left atrial intraventricular meningiomas that were complicated by postoperative lateral geniculate nucleus ischemia and resultant temporary contralateral quadrantanopia are described...
October 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704577/parenting-stress-and-development-of-late-preterm-infants-at-4-months-corrected-age
#14
Muhammad K Mughal, Carla S Ginn, Joyce Magill-Evans, Karen M Benzies
Parenting stress has been linked to child development issues in early preterm infants, but less is known about its effects on development in infants born late preterm. We examined relationships between parenting stress of 108 mothers and 108 fathers and development of late preterm infants born at 34 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks gestation. At 4 months corrected age, mothers and fathers completed the Parenting Stress Index (PSI-3); mothers were primary caregivers in almost all families and completed the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ-2) on child development...
October 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644674/constraints-on-oscillation-parameters-from-%C3%AE-_-e-appearance-and-%C3%AE-_-%C3%AE-disappearance-in-nova
#15
P Adamson, L Aliaga, D Ambrose, N Anfimov, A Antoshkin, E Arrieta-Diaz, K Augsten, A Aurisano, C Backhouse, M Baird, B A Bambah, K Bays, B Behera, S Bending, R Bernstein, V Bhatnagar, B Bhuyan, J Bian, T Blackburn, A Bolshakova, C Bromberg, J Brown, G Brunetti, N Buchanan, A Butkevich, V Bychkov, M Campbell, E Catano-Mur, S Childress, B C Choudhary, B Chowdhury, T E Coan, J A B Coelho, M Colo, J Cooper, L Corwin, L Cremonesi, D Cronin-Hennessy, G S Davies, J P Davies, P F Derwent, R Dharmapalan, P Ding, Z Djurcic, E C Dukes, H Duyang, S Edayath, R Ehrlich, G J Feldman, M J Frank, M Gabrielyan, H R Gallagher, S Germani, T Ghosh, A Giri, R A Gomes, M C Goodman, V Grichine, R Group, D Grover, B Guo, A Habig, J Hartnell, R Hatcher, A Hatzikoutelis, K Heller, A Himmel, A Holin, J Hylen, F Jediny, M Judah, G K Kafka, D Kalra, S M S Kasahara, S Kasetti, R Keloth, L Kolupaeva, S Kotelnikov, I Kourbanis, A Kreymer, A Kumar, S Kurbanov, K Lang, W M Lee, S Lin, J Liu, M Lokajicek, J Lozier, S Luchuk, K Maan, S Magill, W A Mann, M L Marshak, K Matera, V Matveev, D P Méndez, M D Messier, H Meyer, T Miao, W H Miller, S R Mishra, R Mohanta, A Moren, L Mualem, M Muether, S Mufson, R Murphy, J Musser, J K Nelson, R Nichol, E Niner, A Norman, T Nosek, Y Oksuzian, A Olshevskiy, T Olson, J Paley, P Pandey, R B Patterson, G Pawloski, D Pershey, O Petrova, R Petti, S Phan-Budd, R K Plunkett, R Poling, B Potukuchi, C Principato, F Psihas, A Radovic, R A Rameika, B Rebel, B Reed, D Rocco, P Rojas, V Ryabov, K Sachdev, P Sail, O Samoylov, M C Sanchez, R Schroeter, J Sepulveda-Quiroz, P Shanahan, A Sheshukov, J Singh, J Singh, P Singh, V Singh, J Smolik, N Solomey, E Song, A Sousa, K Soustruznik, M Strait, L Suter, R L Talaga, M C Tamsett, P Tas, R B Thayyullathil, J Thomas, X Tian, S C Tognini, J Tripathi, A Tsaris, J Urheim, P Vahle, J Vasel, L Vinton, A Vold, T Vrba, B Wang, M Wetstein, D Whittington, S G Wojcicki, J Wolcott, N Yadav, S Yang, J Zalesak, B Zamorano, R Zwaska
Results are reported from an improved measurement of ν_{μ}→ν_{e} transitions by the NOvA experiment. Using an exposure equivalent to 6.05×10^{20} protons on target, 33 ν_{e} candidates are observed with a background of 8.2±0.8 (syst.). Combined with the latest NOvA ν_{μ} disappearance data and external constraints from reactor experiments on sin^{2}2θ_{13}, the hypothesis of inverted mass hierarchy with θ_{23} in the lower octant is disfavored at greater than 93% C.L. for all values of δ_{CP}.
June 9, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641825/-yours-sincerely-barney-ralph-waters-barindra-sircar-and-the-training-of-an-international-anesthesiologist
#16
Aaron S Hess, Mark E Schroeder
In 1936, Ralph Milton Waters accepted a proposal to train an Indian physician who could return home and become the first native anesthesiologist in the subcontinent. Waters founded the United States' first anesthesiology residency in 1927 and in 1937 welcomed Barindra Sircar, MBBS, to the University of Wisconsin in Madison. Sircar trained with Waters for two years and did further training with Robert Macintosh and Ivan Magill. He became one of the first specialty-trained anesthesiologists in India and founded the Indian Society of Anaesthesiologists...
April 2017: Journal of Anesthesia History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624030/emergency-department-length-of-stay-in-critical-nonoperative-trauma
#17
Anaar Siletz, Kexin Jin, Marilyn Cohen, Catherine Lewis, Areti Tillou, Henry Magill Cryer, Ali Cheaito
BACKGROUND: Prolonged emergency department (ED) stays correlate with negative outcomes in critically ill nontrauma patients. This study sought to determine the effect of ED length of stay (LOS) on trauma patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred forty-one trauma patients requiring direct intensive care unit (ICU) admission were identified. Patients requiring immediate operative intervention were excluded. Odds ratios (ORs) of outcomes for patients transferred to ICU in ≤90 min were compared with patients transferred in >90 min, adjusting for Injury Severity Score (ISS)...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591815/reply-to-sopirala
#18
Shelley S Magill, Cindy Gross, Michael Klompas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578475/intussusception-reduction-effect-of-air-vs-liquid-enema-on-radiation-dose
#19
Summer L Kaplan, Dennise Magill, Marc A Felice, J Christopher Edgar, Sudha A Anupindi, Xiaowei Zhu
BACKGROUND: Both air and radiopaque liquid contrast are used to reduce ileocolic intussusception under fluoroscopy. Some suggest air lowers radiation dose due to shorter procedure times. However, air enema likely lowers radiation dose regardless of fluoroscopy time due to less density over the automatic exposure control cells. OBJECTIVES: We test the hypothesis that air enema reduction of ileocolic intussusception results in lower radiation dose than liquid contrast enema independent of fluoroscopy time...
June 3, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551590/higher-pretreatment-blood-pressure-is-associated-with-greater-alcohol-drinking-reduction-in-alcohol-dependent-individuals-treated-with-doxazosin
#20
Carolina L Haass-Koffler, Kimberly Goodyear, William H Zywiak, Molly Magill, Sarah E Eltinge, Paul M Wallace, Victoria M Long, Nitya Jayaram-Lindström, Robert M Swift, George A Kenna, Lorenzo Leggio
BACKGROUND: Preclinical and clinical research suggest that the α1 receptor antagonist prazosin reduces alcohol consumption. Furthermore, clinical studies indicate a role for prazosin in treating Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms and a recent trial suggested that pre-treatment blood pressure (BP) predicts therapeutic response for prazosin in PTSD patients. Whether pre-treatment BP may predict response to α1 blockers in alcohol-dependent (AD) patients is unknown. We previously reported a randomized controlled trial (RCT) where doxazosin, an α1 receptor antagonist with a more favorable pharmacokinetic profile than prazosin, reduced drinks per week (DPW) and heavy drinking days (HDD) in AD patients with a high family history density of alcoholism...
August 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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