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Cecilia Llambias, Joyce Magill-Evans, Veronica Smith, Sharon Warren
Engagement in meaningful activities is essential to development and is often reduced in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who have limited engagement in activities or relationships. A multiple-baseline design was used with 7 children with ASD ages 4-8 yr to assess the effect of including a horse in occupational therapy intervention on task engagement. The children showed improvements in engagement. Including horses in occupational therapy sessions may be a valuable addition to conventional treatments to increase task engagement of children with ASD...
November 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Vinuta V Patil, Bala H Subramanya, N Kiranchand, S Bala Bhaskar, Srinivasalu Dammur
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: C-MAC(®) video laryngoscope (VL) with Macintosh blade has been found to improve Cormack-Lehane (C-L) laryngoscopic view as well as intubating conditions for orotracheal intubation. However, studies done on the performance of C-MAC(®) VL for nasotracheal intubation (NTI) are very few in number. Hence, we compared laryngoscopy and intubating conditions between Macintosh direct laryngoscope and C-MAC(®) VL for NTI. METHODS: Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status I, II patients, aged 8-18 years, posted for tonsillectomy surgeries under general anaesthesia with NTI were randomised, into two groups...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Carl Jacky Saint-Louis, Lacey L Magill, Julie A Wilson, Andrew R Schroeder, Sarah E Harrell, Nicolle S Jackson, Jamie A Trindell, Saraphina Kim, Alexander R Fisch, Lyndsay Munro, Vincent Joseph Catalano, Charles Edwin Webster, Pamela P Vaughan, Karen S Molek, Alan K Schrock, Michael T Huggins
Six new heteroaromatic polycyclic azaborine chromophores were designed, synthesized and investigated as easily tunable high-luminescent organic materials. The impact of the nitrogen-boron-hydroxy (N-BOH) unit in the azaborines was investigated by comparison with their N-carbonyl analogs. Insertion of the N-B(OH)-C unit into heteroaromatic polycyclic compounds resulted in strong visible absorption, and sharp fluorescence with efficient quantum yields. The solid-state fluorescence of the heteroaromatic polycyclic compounds displayed a large Stokes shift compare to being in solution...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Hershel Raff, Steven B Magill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2016: Endocrine
M Magill, Timothy R Apodaca, Justin Walthers, Jacques Gaume, Ayla Durst, Richard Longabaugh, Robert L Stout, Kathleen M Carroll
The present work provides an overview, and pilot reliability and validity for the Alcohol Intervention Mechanisms Scale (AIMS). The AIMS measures therapist interventions that occur broadly across modalities of behavioral treatment for alcohol use disorder. It was developed based on identified commonalities in the function rather than content of therapist interventions in observed therapy sessions, as well as from existing observer rating systems. In the AIMS, the primary function areas are: explore (four behavior count codes), teach (five behavior count codes), and connect (three behavior count codes)...
November 2016: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Bobby Gu, Alex B Magil, Sean J Barbour
Anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) antibody disease is a typically monophasic autoimmune disease with severe pulmonary and renal involvement. We report an atypical case of frequently relapsing anti-GBM antibody disease with both anti-GBM antibody-positive flares with pulmonary and renal involvement, and anti-GBM antibody-negative flares that were pulmonary limited with no histologic renal disease. This is the first report of alternating disease phenotype and anti-GBM antibody status over time. Disease severity paralleled the detection of anti-GBM antibodies but was independent of IgG subtype staining along the GBM...
October 2016: Clinical Kidney Journal
Angela S P Lin, Chelsea M Fechter, Mark Magill, Felix Wipf, Thomas Moore, Robert E Guldberg
BACKGROUND: Metallic reconstruction plates used for fracture stabilization typically require intraoperative contouring for patient-specific anatomical fit. Despite this, characterization of plate mechanical properties after contouring has previously been limited. The objective of this study was to assess whether contouring affects fatigue resistance for three types of Stryker seven-hole stainless steel (SS) 316LVM fracture fixation plates. The hypothesis was that for each plate type, more contouring repetitions would result in lower fatigue resistance...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Farid N Garas, Rahul S Shah, Eszter Kormann, Natalie M Doig, Federica Vinciati, Kouichi C Nakamura, Matthijs C Dorst, Yoland Smith, Peter J Magill, Andrew Sharott
Corticostriatal afferents can engage parvalbumin-expressing (PV+) interneurons to rapidly curtail the activity of striatal projection neurons (SPNs), thus shaping striatal output. Schemes of basal ganglia circuit dynamics generally consider striatal PV+ interneurons to be homogenous, despite considerable heterogeneity in both form and function. We demonstrate that the selective co-expression of another calcium-binding protein, secretagogin (Scgn), separates PV+ interneurons in rat and primate striatum into two topographically-, physiologically- and structurally-distinct cell populations...
2016: ELife
Seunggu J Han, Gerald Reis, Gary Kohanbash, Shruti Shrivastav, Stephen T Magill, Annette M Molinaro, Michael W McDermott, Philip V Theodosopoulos, Manish K Aghi, Mitchel S Berger, Nicholas A Butowski, Igor Barani, Joanna J Phillips, Arie Perry, Hideho Okada
While immunotherapy may offer promising new approaches for high grade meningiomas, little is currently known of the immune landscape in meningiomas. We sought to characterize the immune microenvironment and a potentially targetable antigen mesothelin across WHO grade I-III cases of meningiomas, and how infiltrating immune populations relate to patient outcomes. Immunohistochemistry was performed on tissue microarrays constructed from 96 meningioma cases. The cohort included 16 WHO grade I, 62 WHO grade II, and 18 WHO grade III tumors...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Steven Zweig, Chris Matson, Mike Magill, Tom Campbell, Ardis Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Annals of Family Medicine
Michael K Magill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Annals of Family Medicine
Christina S Lee, Suzanne M Colby, Molly Magill, Joanna Almeida, Tonya Tavares, Damaris J Rohsenow
BACKGROUND: The NIH Strategic Plan prioritizes health disparities research for socially disadvantaged Hispanics, to reduce the disproportionate burden of alcohol-related negative consequences compared to other racial/ethnic groups. Cultural adaptation of evidence-based treatments, such as motivational interviewing (MI), can improve access and response to alcohol treatment. However, the lack of rigorous clinical trials designed to test the efficacy and theoretical underpinnings of cultural adaptation has made proof of concept difficult...
September 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Francis P Robertson, Louise J Magill, Graham P Wright, Barry Fuller, Brian R Davidson
Ischaemic preconditioning (IPC) is a strategy to reduce ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. Its benefit in human liver transplantation is unclear. The aim of this study was to analyse the current evidence for donor IPC in liver transplantation. Systematic review and meta-analysis of studies involving IPC of liver transplant donors. Ovid Medline, Embase and Cochrane CENTRAL were searched up until January 2015. Data retrieved included the primary outcomes of 1-year mortality, incidence of primary graft non-function (PGNF) and retransplantation...
August 26, 2016: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
Shannon A Novosad, Mathew R P Sapiano, Cheri Grigg, Jason Lake, Misha Robyn, Ghinwa Dumyati, Christina Felsen, Debra Blog, Elizabeth Dufort, Shelley Zansky, Kathryn Wiedeman, Lacey Avery, Raymund B Dantes, John A Jernigan, Shelley S Magill, Anthony Fiore, Lauren Epstein
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a serious and often fatal clinical syndrome, resulting from infection. Information on patient demographics, risk factors, and infections leading to sepsis is needed to integrate comprehensive sepsis prevention, early recognition, and treatment strategies. METHODS: To describe characteristics of patients with sepsis, CDC and partners conducted a retrospective chart review in four New York hospitals. Random samples of medical records from adult and pediatric patients with administrative codes for severe sepsis or septic shock were reviewed...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
W Harrop-Griffiths, N Soni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Anaesthesia
Tamara Germani, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Joyce Magill-Evans, Sandy Hodgetts, Geoff Ball
OBJECTIVE: To determine (a) the essential components of social participation for preschool children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) using stakeholders' perspectives and (b) the facilitators and barriers experienced in promoting social participation. METHODS: A mixed-methods, web-based survey utilizing the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health - Child and Youth version (ICF-CY) taxonomy was circulated across Canada through purposeful snowball sampling...
August 18, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Joke Bradt, Cheryl Dileo, Lucanne Magill, Aaron Teague
BACKGROUND: Having cancer may result in extensive emotional, physical and social suffering. Music interventions have been used to alleviate symptoms and treatment side effects in cancer patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess and compare the effects of music therapy and music medicine interventions for psychological and physical outcomes in people with cancer. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (2016, Issue 1), MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, LILACS, Science Citation Index, CancerLit, CAIRSS, Proquest Digital Dissertations, ClinicalTrials...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Shelley S Magill, Qunna Li, Cindy Gross, Margaret Dudeck, Katherine Allen-Bridson, Jonathan R Edwards
OBJECTIVE: Ventilator-associated event surveillance was introduced in the National Healthcare Safety Network in 2013, replacing surveillance for ventilator-associated pneumonia in adult inpatient locations. We determined incidence rates and characteristics of ventilator-associated events reported to the National Healthcare Safety Network. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: We analyzed data reported from U.S. healthcare facilities for ventilator-associated events that occurred in 2014, the first year during which ventilator-associated event surveillance definitions were stable...
August 10, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Christopher V Plowe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Trends in Parasitology
Marilyn Ballantyne, Karen M Benzies, Sheila McDonald, Joyce Magill-Evans, Suzanne Tough
BACKGROUND: Late preterm (34(0/7) to 36(6/7)weeks gestation) infants may experience developmental delays greater than those found in term (≥ 37(0/7)weeks gestation) infants. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the risk of developmental delay between late preterm and full-term Canadian born infants at age 12months, and to determine infant and maternal factors associated with risk of delay. METHODS: A descriptive comparative study was conducted from data available from the All Our Babies community-based, prospective, pregnancy cohort in Calgary, Alberta...
October 2016: Early Human Development
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