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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792772/genome-sequence-resources-for-the-wheat-stripe-rust-pathogen-puccinia-striiformis-f-sp-tritici-and-the-barley-stripe-rust-pathogen-puccinia-striiformis-f-sp-hordei
#1
Chongjing Xia, Meinan Wang, Chuntao Yin, Omar E Cornejo, Scot Hulbert, Xianming Chen
Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst) causes devastating stripe (yellow) rust on wheat and P. striiformis f. sp. hordei (Psh) causes stripe rust on barley. Several Pst genomes are available, but no Psh genome is available. More genomes of Pst and Psh are needed to understand the genome evolution and molecular mechanisms of their pathogenicity. We sequenced Pst isolate 93-210 and Psh isolate 93TX-2 using PacBio and Illumina technologies, and RNA sequencing. Their genomic sequences were assembled to contigs with high continuity and showed significant structural differences...
May 24, 2018: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759289/comprehensive-acute-pain-management-in-the-perioperative-surgical-home
#2
REVIEW
John-Paul J Pozek, Martin De Ruyter, Talal W Khan
The careful coordination of care throughout the perioperative continuum offered by the perioperative surgical home (PSH) is important in the treatment of postoperative pain. Physician anesthesiologists have expertise in acute pain management, pharmacology, and regional and neuraxial anesthetic techniques, making them ideal leaders for managing perioperative analgesia within the PSH. Severe postoperative pain is one of many patient- and surgery-specific factors in the development of chronic postsurgical pain...
June 2018: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752858/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-in-children-promising-evidence-based-multidisciplinary-care
#3
Kyle O Rove, John C Edney, Megan A Brockel
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is a multimodal approach to the care of the surgical patient focused on reducing the stress response and associated physiologic changes that accompany surgery. Over the past 20 years, ERAS programs have been found to result in reduced LOS and complications in adult patients. Despite abundant adult literature describing implementation and outcomes of enhanced recovery programs, pediatric data in this area is sparse. This educational review describes the history and elements of ERAS protocols, reviews the available evidence in adult and pediatric populations, compares and contrasts ERAS with the PSH, and offers strategies for implementation and ideas for future directions of ERAS in children...
May 12, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740461/genome-wide-association-mapping-of-seedling-and-adult-plant-resistance-to-barley-stripe-rust-puccinia-striiformis-f-sp-hordei-in-india
#4
Andrea Visioni, Sanjaya Gyawali, Rajan Selvakumar, Om P Gangwar, Pradeep S Shekhawat, Subhash C Bhardwaj, Ayed M Al-Abdallat, Zakaria Kehel, Ramesh P S Verma
Barley stripe rust is caused by Puccinia striiformis f.sp. hordei , (Psh), occurs worldwide, and is a major disease in South Asia. The aim of this work was to identify and estimate effects of loci underlying quantitative resistance to rust at seedling and adult plant stages. HI-AM panel of 261 barley genotypes consisting of released cultivars from North and South America, Europe, Australia, advanced breeding lines, and local landraces from ICARDA barley program were screened at seedling and adult plant stages for resistance to Psh...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732505/prophylactic-mesh-reinforcement-of-stomas-a-cost-effectiveness-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#5
J M Findlay, C P J Wood, C Cunningham
BACKGROUND: Previous meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have suggested a reduction in parastomal hernias (PSH) with prophylactic mesh. However, concerns persist regarding variably supportive evidence and cost. We performed an updated systematic review and meta-analysis to inform a novel cost-effectiveness analysis. METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Centre Register of Controlled Trials databases were searched (February 2018). We included RCTs assessing mesh reinforcement during stoma formation...
May 7, 2018: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725865/post-operative-weaning-of-opioids-after-ambulatory-surgery-the-importance-of-physician-stewardship
#6
REVIEW
Brandon Roth, Adjoa Boateng, Allison Berken, Daniel Carlyle, Nalini Vadivelu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We performed a systematic review to elucidate the current guidelines on weaning patients from opioids in the post-operative ambulatory surgery setting, and how pain management intraoperatively can impact this process. DESIGN: The review highlights the most up-to-date research from clinical trials, patient reports, and retrospective studies regarding both the current guidelines and weaning of opioid analgesia in ambulatory surgery setting. RECENT FINDINGS: A striking paucity of convincing evidence exists on ambulatory postoperative pain management discontinuation or weaning of pain medications...
May 3, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704265/comparison-of-pcr-based-methods-for-the-diagnosis-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-two-different-epidemiological-scenarios-spain-and-morocco
#7
G Merino-Espinosa, J Rodríguez-Granger, F Morillas-Márquez, J Tercedor, V Corpas-López, S Chiheb, M Alcalde-Alonso, J M Azaña-Defez, M Riyad, V Díaz-Sáez, J Martín-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a disfiguring and stigmatising disease occurring in more than 70 countries across the world including Spain and Morocco. The use of sensitive tests that can differentiate Leishmania species is advised. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of the epidemiological scenario on the reliability of the PCR techniques and contribute to the selection of the most efficient one for CL diagnosis. METHODS: The sensitivities of parasitological methods and four PCRs were compared in cutaneous samples from 77 patients from Spanish (PSH) and Moroccan hospitals (PMH)...
April 28, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690755/perioperative-surgical-home-a-new-scope-for-future-anesthesiology
#8
Min A Kwon
The health care system is changing from 'pay for volume' to 'pay for value.' These changes are turning health care delivery into a more cost-effective and coordinated care setup that drives hospitals to lower costs and greater quality gains. The present perioperative care service in Korea has proven to be costly, fragmented, and neither evidence-based nor patient- centered. Recently, a new concept of a perioperative care model termed perioperative surgical home (PSH) has been proposed. The PSH is a patient-centered, team-based, and coordinated perioperative care setup, composed of the head anesthesiologist-perioperativist in tandem with dedicated nurse practitioners and other PSH team doctors...
April 25, 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690740/-effects-of-exogenous-high-mobility-group-protein-box-1-on-angiogenesis-in-ischemic-zone-of-early-scald-wounds-of-rats
#9
L Dai, X Guo, H J Huang, X M Liao, X Q Luo, D Li, H Zhou, X C Gao, M Y Tan
Objective: To observe effects of exogenous high mobility group protein box 1 (HMGB1) on angiogenesis in ischemic zone of early scald wounds of rats. Methods: Thirty-six Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into HMGB1 group and simple scald (SS) group according to the random number table, with 18 rats in each group. Comb-like copper mould was placed on the back of rats for 20 s after being immersed in 100 ℃ hot water for 3 to 5 min to make three ischemic zones of wound. Immediately after scald, rats in HMGB1 group were subcutaneously injected with 0...
April 20, 2018: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683971/extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-for-chronic-pancreatitis-patients-with-stones-after-pancreatic-surgery
#10
Dan Wang, Jun-Tao Ji, Lei Xin, Ya-Wei Bi, Jun Pan, Zhuan Liao, Ting-Ting Du, Jin-Huan Lin, Di Zhang, Xiang-Peng Zeng, Bo Ye, Wen-Bin Zou, Hui Chen, Ting Xie, Bai-Rong Li, Zhao-Hong Zheng, Zhao-Shen Li, Liang-Hao Hu
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of pancreatic extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (P-ESWL) in chronic pancreatitis (CP) patients with pancreatic stones after previous pancreatic surgery. METHODS: This is a single-center study prospectively conducted in pained CP patients undergoing P-ESWL. Patients with a pancreatic surgery history (PSH) were included in the PSH group, and patients without a PSH during the same period were assigned to the control group...
April 19, 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600254/anesthesiology-residency-curriculum-and-implementation-of-a-perioperative-surgical-home-curriculum-a-survey-study
#11
Joseph Rinehart, Jenny Seong, Navid Alem, Roberta Andreatta, Jason Derhovanesian, Christina Smith, Zeev Kain
Background: The perioperative surgical home (PSH) is a physician-led, interdisciplinary, and patient-centered model of perioperative care that focuses on patient outcomes and comprehensive care management. Many studies to date have looked at the clinical implementation of varied PSH models with promising results discussed. There are no studies directly examining concrete plans for the various Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) anesthesiology residency programs to implement augmented PSH training into curricula...
July 2017: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562563/association-between-paroxysmal-sympathetic-hyperactivity-and-tracheostomy-weaning-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Hollie Ringrose, Mary Brown, Krystyna Walton, Manoj Sivan
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation following severe Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) often involves the use of temporary tracheostomies. Tracheostomy weaning is influenced by physiological parameters, which are abnormal in the concomitant complication of Paroxysmal Sympathetic Hyperactivity (PSH). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between PSH and tracheostomy weaning in severe TBI. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients with TBI and tracheostomy admitted to a Hyper-Acute Neurorehabilitation Unit over a 34-month period...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537648/life-goals-over-time-among-homeless-adults-in-permanent-supportive-housing
#13
S L Wenzel, H Rhoades, H Moore, J Lahey, B Henwood, W La Motte-Kerr, M Bird
Permanent supportive housing (PSH) is a widely-accepted solution to the challenge of chronic homelessness. While housing support and retention, physical health, and healthcare continue to be important for formerly homeless persons in PSH, "higher-order" and humanistic needs such as thriving have received less attention and as a result are less well understood in this population. One important indicator of thriving is the ability to establish and articulate life goals. This study utilizes longitudinal data from 421 formerly homeless adults prior to their move into PSH, and at 3-, 6- and 12-months after move-in (369 respondents completed all four interviews), to examine what life goals are articulated by this population and how those goals change over time...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521731/paroxysmal-sympathetic-hyperactivity-and-environmental-factors-a-pilot-study
#14
Lisa Letzkus, Nancy Addison, Lauren Turner, Mark Conaway, Beth Quatrara
PROBLEM: Paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH) is a complicated phenomenon that presents as autonomic instability and muscle overactivity in individuals who experience severe brain injury. Identifying potential modifiable environmental nociceptive stimuli is necessary for developing interventions that impact clinical outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify physical environmental nociceptive stimuli that could hinder recovery for children who experience PSH after severe brain injury...
April 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514558/perioperative-surgical-home-reduces-rapid-response-calls-to-a-postoperative-surgical-ward-how-anesthesiologists-are-improving-the-inpatient-safety-net
#15
Tessa L Walters, T Edward Kim, Edward R Mariano, Geoffrey Kenton Lighthall
BACKGROUND: The Perioperative Surgical Home (PSH) is an anesthesiologist-led, coordinated care model that may improve patient experience and safety. We hypothesized that PSH will decrease activation of the rapid response system for surgical inpatients. METHODS: This retrospective study was performed at an academic Veterans Affairs hospital with a PSH. Data from both medical and surgical cohorts admitted to a single ward were analyzed for the Pre-PSH (July 2006 to October 2010) and Post-PSH (November 2011 to May 2015) epochs...
March 1, 2018: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489776/extending-the-field-of-view-by-a-scattering-window-in-an-i-coach-system
#16
Mani Ratnam Rai, A Vijayakumar, Joseph Rosen
Interferenceless coded aperture correlation holography (I-COACH) is an incoherent digital holography technique developed to record and reconstruct 3D images of objects without two-wave interference. Herein, we introduce a novel technique to extend the field of view (FOV) of I-COACH beyond the limit imposed by the ratio between the finite area of the image sensor and the magnification of the optical system. Light diffracted from a point object located on the optical axis is modulated by a pseudorandom coded phase mask, and the central part of the point spread hologram (PSH) on the image sensor is recorded...
March 1, 2018: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420527/etiology-of-cutaneous-vasculitis-utility-of-a-systemic-approach
#17
Caroline Chanussot-Deprez, María Elisa Vega-Memije, Luis Flores-Suárez, Celia Ríos-Romero, Javier Cabiedes-Contreras, Edgardo Reyes, Lucia Rangel-Gamboa
Cutaneous vasculities (CV) represents a diagnostic challenge, occurs as primary cutaneous disorder or as a manifestation of other entities. Objective: To search the cause of CV. Methods: Patients with CV were prospectively evaluated. In all patients, skin biopsies were drawn, and direct immunofluorescence was done in most of the patients. American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and Chapel Hill Consensus Conference Criteria (CHCC) were used for classification. Results: 32 patients were studied...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411293/port-insertion-for-minimally-invasive-surgery-a-report-of-practices-in-the-irish-republic
#18
Cuan M Harrington, Dara O Kavanagh, Sean Tierney, Richard Deane, Dermot Hehir
BACKGROUND: With rapidly evolving surgical technologies, minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has become the mainstay approach for many surgeons worldwide. As laparoscopic surgery was introduced in Ireland over two decades ago, we may be encountering a higher prevalence of related complications. AIMS: This study aimed to gather data pertaining to risk factors for port-site herniation in MIS. METHODS: A 14-point anonymous questionnaire was distributed electronically between January and May 2017 to consultant and trainee laparoscopists in the Republic of Ireland...
February 6, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402207/congenital-hepatic-fibrosis-in-a-purebred-spanish-horse-foal-pathology-and-genetic-studies-on-pkhd1-gene-mutations
#19
Jéssica Molín, Javier Asín, Arantzazu Vitoria, Arianne Sanz, Marina Gimeno, Antonio Romero, Javier Sánchez, Pedro Pinczowski, Francisco J Vázquez, Clementina Rodellar, Lluís Luján
A 1-month-old Purebred Spanish Horse (PSH) foal presented with progressive hepatic failure culminating in death. Hepatic lesions were consistent with congenital hepatic fibrosis (CHF). Genetic studies in the PKHD1 gene in the affected foal revealed that it was heterozygous for the 2 previously described single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) linked to CHF in Swiss Franches-Montagnes (SFM) horses. In addition, 2 novel mutations were detected, the foal being homozygous for one of them and heterozygous for the other...
May 2018: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375807/from-population-connectivity-to-the-art-of-striping-russian-dolls-the-lessons-from-pocillopora-corals
#20
Pauline Gélin, Cécile Fauvelot, Lionel Bigot, Joseph Baly, Hélène Magalon
Here, we examined the genetic variability in the coral genus Pocillopora , in particular within the Primary Species Hypothesis PSH09, identified by Gélin, Postaire, Fauvelot and Magalon (2017) using species delimitation methods [also named Pocillopora eydouxi/meandrina complex sensu , Schmidt-Roach, Miller, Lundgren, & Andreakis (2014)] and which was found to split into three secondary species hypotheses (SSH09a, SSH09b, and SSH09c) according to assignment tests using multi-locus genotypes (13 microsatellites)...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
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