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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224223/altering-the-school-breakfast-environment-reduces-barriers-to-school-breakfast-participation-among-diverse-rural-youth
#1
Mary O Hearst, Amy Shanafelt, Qi Wang, Robert Leduc, Marilyn S Nanney
BACKGROUND: The purpose is to determine if altering school breakfast policies and the school breakfast environment will positively impact adolescent beliefs of the barriers and benefits of eating breakfast. METHODS: There were 904 adolescents from 16 rural high schools, Minnesota, in the BreakFAST Study who reported eating breakfast fewer than 4 times per week at baseline. Schools were randomized to intervention (N = 8 schools) or delayed intervention (N = 8) condition...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224135/serum-ferritin-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-epidemiological-study
#2
Elin H Thorarinsdottir, Erna S Arnardottir, Bryndis Benediktsdottir, Christer Janson, Isleifur Olafsson, Allan I Pack, Thorarinn Gislason, Brendan T Keenan
PURPOSE: Ferritin is an intracellular iron storage protein and a marker of inflammation. Studies have shown that subjects with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have higher levels of circulating pro-inflammatory cytokines, but little is known about the association between ferritin and OSA. The aims of the study were to evaluate serum ferritin (S-Ferritin) levels in OSA patients compared to levels in the general population and also examine the effect of obesity level and treatment with positive airway pressure (PAP) on S-Ferritin levels...
December 9, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224121/high-definition-infrared-thermography-of-ice-nucleation-and-propagation-in-wheat-under-natural-frost-conditions-and-controlled-freezing
#3
David P Livingston, Tan D Tuong, J Paul Murphy, Lawrence V Gusta, Ian Willick, Micheal E Wisniewski
An extremely high resolution infrared camera demonstrated various freezing events in wheat under natural conditions. Many of those events shed light on years of misunderstanding regarding freezing in small grains. Infrared thermography has enhanced our knowledge of ice nucleation and propagation in plants through visualization of the freezing process. The majority of infrared analyses have been conducted under controlled conditions and often on individual organs instead of whole plants. In the present study, high-definition (1280 × 720 pixel resolution) infrared thermography was used under natural conditions to visualize the freezing process of wheat plants during freezing events in 2016 and 2017...
December 9, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224059/lower-complication-rate-and-faster-return-to-sports-in-patients-with-acute-syndesmotic-rupture-treated-with-a-new-knotless-suture-button-device
#4
Christian Colcuc, Marc Blank, Thomas Stein, Florian Raimann, Sanjay Weber-Spickschen, Sebastian Fischer, Reinhard Hoffmann
PURPOSE: Suture button devices for tibiofibular syndesmosis injuries provide semirigid dynamic stabilization, but complications including knot irritation have been reported. No randomized trials of the new knotless suture button devices have been performed. We hypothesized that knotless suture button devices eliminate knot irritation and facilitate quicker return to sports. This study was performed to compare the clinical outcomes, complication rates, and time to return to sports between a new knotless suture button device and syndesmotic screw fixation...
December 9, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224040/treatment-of-auditory-hallucinations-with-bilateral-theta-burst-stimulation-ctbs-protocol-of-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-multicenter-trial
#5
Christian Plewnia, Bettina Brendel, Tobias Schwippel, Peter Martus, Joachim Cordes, Alkomiet Hasan, Andreas J Fallgatter
Auditory verbal hallucinations (AH) are core symptoms of schizophrenia. They are often severely distressing and refractory to therapy. Their perception is associated with increased activity in temporoparietal areas of the brain. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) can reduce focal brain hyperactivity and has been shown to ameliorate AH. However, controlled multicenter clinical trials are still missing, effect sizes are moderate, and the treatment with rTMS is time consuming. Continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) is a quicker and potentially more effective technique to reduce cortical hyperactivity...
December 9, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224001/dental-caries-and-developmental-defects-of-enamel-in-the-primary-dentition-of-preterm-infants-case-control-observational-study
#6
Ina Manuela Schüler, Stefanie Haberstroh, Kristin Dawczynski, Thomas Lehmann, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien
AIM: Assessment of dental health in the primary dentition of preterm infants (PTI) including investigation of mother- and infant-related risk factors in a case-control study design. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred twenty-eight infants aged 3-4 years were included. Sixty-four PTI (27 males) were randomly selected from the preterm registry of the Jena University Hospital. As a control group served 64 full-term infants (FTI) recruited from the Department of Paediatric Dentistry, matched for age and sex...
December 9, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223884/chronic-effect-of-different-types-of-stretching-on-ankle-dorsiflexion-range-of-motion-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Diulian Muniz Medeiros, Tamara Fenner Martini
The calf muscles are one of the muscle groups that have the most need for adequate flexibility since they are deeply related to normal lower limb function. When the goal is to increase flexibility, the most commonly used technique is stretching. However, it remains unknown which stretching technique and parameters are the most effective to increase flexibility. Hence, the aim of the current review was to investigate the influence of chronic stretching on ankle dorsiflexion range of motion (DFROM) of healthy individuals...
October 27, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223749/egg-freezing-for-age-related-fertility-decline
#8
Julio Saumet, Angel Petropanagos, Karen Buzaglo, Eileen McMahon, Gunwant Warraich, Neal Mahutte
OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive review and evidence based recommendations for Canadian fertility centres that offer social egg freezing. OUTCOMES: In social egg freezing cycles we evaluated thawed oocyte survival rates, fertilization rates, embryo quality, pregnancy rates, and live birth rates. We also review how these outcomes are impacted by age, ovarian reserve, and the number of eggs cryopreserved. Finally, we discuss the risks of social egg freezing, the alternatives, the critical elements for counselling and informed consent, and future reporting of egg freezing outcome data...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223745/buparlisib-plus-fulvestrant-in-postmenopausal-women-with-hormone-receptor-positive-her2-negative-advanced-breast-cancer-progressing-on-or-after-mtor-inhibition-belle-3-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-3-trial
#9
Angelo Di Leo, Stephen Johnston, Keun Seok Lee, Eva Ciruelos, Per E Lønning, Wolfgang Janni, Ruth O'Regan, Marie-Ange Mouret-Reynier, Dimitar Kalev, Daniel Egle, Tibor Csőszi, Roberto Bordonaro, Thomas Decker, Vivianne C G Tjan-Heijnen, Sibel Blau, Alessio Schirone, Denis Weber, Mona El-Hashimy, Bharani Dharan, Dalila Sellami, Thomas Bachelot
BACKGROUND: Activation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway occurs frequently in breast cancer that is resistant to endocrine therapy. Approved mTOR inhibitors effectively inhibit cell growth and proliferation but elicit AKT phosphorylation via a feedback activation pathway, potentially leading to resistance to mTOR inhibitors. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of buparlisib plus fulvestrant in patients with advanced breast cancer who were pretreated with endocrine therapy and mTOR inhibitors...
December 6, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223743/early-vs-late-tracheostomy-in-intensive-care-settings-impact-on-icu-and-hospital-costs
#10
Brent Herritt, Dipayan Chaudhuri, Kednapa Thavorn, Dalibor Kubelik, Kwadwo Kyeremanteng
INTRODUCTION: Up to 12% of the 800,000 patients who undergo mechanical ventilation in the United States every year require tracheostomies. A recent systematic review showed that early tracheostomy was associated with better outcomes: more ventilator-free days, shorter ICU stays, less sedation and reduced long-term mortality. However, the financial impact of early tracheostomies remain unknown. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a cost-analysis on the timing of tracheostomy in mechanically ventilated patients...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223742/network-analysis-reveals-disrupted-functional-brain-circuitry-in-drug-naive-social-anxiety-disorder
#11
REVIEW
Xun Yang, Jin Liu, Yajing Meng, Mingrui Xia, Zaixu Cui, Xi Wu, Xinyu Hu, Wei Zhang, Gaolang Gong, Qiyong Gong, John A Sweeney, Yong He
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a common and disabling condition characterized by excessive fear and avoidance of public scrutiny. Neuroimaging studies have suggested that the emotional and behavior deficits in SAD are associated with abnormalities in regional brain function and functional connectivity. However, little is known about whether intrinsic functional brain networks in patients with SAD are topologically disrupted. Here, we collected resting-state fMRI data from 33 drug-naive patients with SAD and 32 healthy controls (HC), constructed functional networks with 34 predefined regions based on previous meta-analytic research with task-based fMRI in SAD, and performed network-based statistic and graph-theory analyses...
December 6, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223719/physical-activity-and-weight-loss-reduce-the-risk-of-breast-cancer-a-meta-analysis-of-139-prospective-and-retrospective-studies
#12
Prue J Hardefeldt, Ross Penninkilampi, Senarath Edirimanne, Guy D Eslick
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and weight loss have been shown to reduce breast cancer incidence in numerous observational studies. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the effect of both physical activity and weight loss on breast cancer incidence. Specifically, we aimed to complete subgroup analyses by the intensity of physical activity and menopausal status at breast cancer diagnosis to further elucidate the relationship between physical activity, weight loss, and breast cancer incidence...
October 17, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223708/comparison-of-neuroplastic-responses-to-cathodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-and-continuous-theta-burst-stimulation-in-subacute-stroke
#13
Pierre Nicolo, Cécile Magnin, Elena Pedrazzini, Gijs Plomp, Anaïs Mottaz, Armin Schnider, Adrian G Guggisberg
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) on neural network connectivity and motor recovery in individuals with subacute stroke. DESIGN: Double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled study. SETTING: Stroke subjects recruited through a university hospital rehabilitation program. PARTICIPANTS: Stroke inpatients (N=41; mean age 65y, range 28-85; mean weeks poststroke 5, range 2-10) with resultant paresis in the upper extremity (mean Fugl-Meyer score 14, range 3-48)...
December 6, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223706/cross-over-clinical-trial-for-evaluating-the-safety-of-camel-s-milk-intake-in-patients-who-are-allergic-to-cow-s-milk-protein
#14
E M Navarrete-Rodríguez, L A Ríos-Villalobos, C R Alcocer-Arreguín, B E Del-Rio-Navarro, J M Del Rio-Chivardi, O J Saucedo-Ramírez, J J L Sienra-Monge, R V Frias
BACKGROUND: Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) affects between 0.6 and 0.9% of the general population, and its treatment implies the total elimination of the intake of this protein. Camel's milk has been suggested as an alternative for patients over one year of age who suffer from CMPA due to the difference in the amino acid sequence from that of cow's milk. The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and tolerability of camel's milk in children with CMPA. METHODS: Crossed clinical trial for the use of camel's milk vs...
December 6, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223694/atraumatic-versus-conventional-lumbar-puncture-needles-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Siddharth Nath, Alex Koziarz, Jetan H Badhiwala, Waleed Alhazzani, Roman Jaeschke, Sunjay Sharma, Laura Banfield, Ashkan Shoamanesh, Sheila Singh, Farshad Nassiri, Wieslaw Oczkowski, Emilie Belley-Côté, Ray Truant, Kesava Reddy, Maureen O Meade, Forough Farrokhyar, Malgorzata M Bala, Fayez Alshamsi, Mette Krag, Itziar Etxeandia-Ikobaltzeta, Regina Kunz, Osamu Nishida, Charles Matouk, Magdy Selim, Andrew Rhodes, Gregory Hawryluk, Saleh A Almenawer
BACKGROUND: Atraumatic needles have been proposed to lower complication rates after lumbar puncture. However, several surveys indicate that clinical adoption of these needles remains poor. We did a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare patient outcomes after lumbar puncture with atraumatic needles and conventional needles. METHODS: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we independently searched 13 databases with no language restrictions from inception to Aug 15, 2017, for randomised controlled trials comparing the use of atraumatic needles and conventional needles for any lumbar puncture indication...
December 6, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223687/effect-of-control-samples-and-listener-attributes-on-speech-naturalness-ratings-of-people-who-stutter
#16
Brenda Carey, Shane Erickson, Susan Block
PURPOSE: Speech restructuring treatment can effectively reduce stuttering but the resultant speech may sound unnatural. Martin et al. (1984) speech naturalness scale is widely used by clinicians and researchers, yet little is known about whether including normally fluent speech samples alters the judgement of the naturalness of speech samples of people who stutter, and whether attributes of listeners - specifically training and sex - influence ratings. METHODS: In this study 20 untrained listeners (male and female) and 19 speech language pathology students (female only) rated either the naturalness of 21 speech samples from adults who stutter obtained post-treatment, or the same 21 post-treatment samples randomly mixed with samples of 21 samples from normally fluent speakers matched for age and sex...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223669/experimental-use-of-new-absorbable-tracheal-stent
#17
Luciano F Schopf, José Carlos Fraga, Rodrigo Porto, Luis A Santos, Douglas R Marques, Paulo R Sanchez, Fabíola S Meyer, Jane M Ulbrich
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Silicone and metallic stents are not effective in children with tracheobronchial stenosis or tracheomalacia. Herein, we aimed to evaluate the clinical manifestations and histological reaction of rabbit trachea to the presence of a new poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) with polyisoprene (PLGA/PI) polymer absorbable stent. METHODS: Fourteen adult white rabbits (weight, 3.0-3.5kg) were randomly assigned to three groups: Group I (n=6): PLGA/PI spiral stent; Group II (n=6): PLGA/PI fragment; and Group III (n=2): controls...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223666/laparoscopic-versus-open-appendectomy-in-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial-from-a-developing-country
#18
Roshan Ali, Muhammad Anwar, Jamshed Akhtar
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis is a common surgical emergency. This study was conducted to compare the outcome in terms of duration of surgery, length of hospital stay, and wound infection rate following laparoscopic versus open appendectomy in children with acute appendicitis. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted. Patients with the diagnosis of acute appendicitis were randomly assigned to Group A: Laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) and Group B: Open appendectomy (OA)...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223645/amino-acid-supplements-in-critically-ill-patients
#19
REVIEW
Jan Gunst, Ilse Vanhorebeek, Steven E Thiessen, Greet Van den Berghe
Observational studies have associated a low amino acid intake with adverse outcome of critical illness. Although this finding could theoretically be explained by differences in feeding tolerance related to illness severity, guidelines have recommended to administer sufficient amounts of amino acids from early onwards in the disease course. Recently, however, several high quality randomized controlled trials have not shown benefit by early amino acid supplementation and some trials even found potential harm, thus questioning this recommendation...
December 6, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223632/comparative-morbidity-of-cubital-tunnel-surgeries-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Robert Staples, Dan London, Agnes Z Dardas, Charles A Goldfarb, Ryan P Calfee
PURPOSE: Randomized controlled trials have not identified a superior surgical approach to cubital tunnel syndrome surgery. This study evaluates the early morbidity of open in situ decompression and transposition. METHODS: This prospective cohort study enrolled 125 adult patients indicated for cubital tunnel surgery at a tertiary institution. Exclusion criteria included preoperative use of narcotics and concurrent elbow procedures. In situ decompressions (n = 47) and ulnar nerve transpositions (n = 78) were performed...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
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