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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471520/effect-of-exposure-to-second-hand-smoke-from-husbands-on-biochemical-hyperandrogenism-metabolic-syndrome-and-conception-rates-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-undergoing-ovulation-induction
#1
Jian Li, Q Wu, Xiao-Ke Wu, Zhong-Ming Zhou, Ping Fu, Xiu-Hua Chen, Ying Yan, Xin Wang, Zheng-Wang Yang, Wei-Li Li, Elisabet Stener-Victorin, Richard S Legro, Ernest Hung-Yu Ng, Heping Zhang, Ben Willem J Mol, Chi Chiu Wang
STUDY QUESTION: Does second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure from husbands have adverse effects on sex hormones, metabolic profiles, clinical phenotypes and fertility outcomes in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) undergoing ovulation induction? SUMMARY ANSWER: SHS exposure is associated with worsened biochemical hyperandrogenism, higher incidence of metabolic syndrome and reduced conception rates in women with PCOS. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Smoking in women impairs fecundity at some stages of the reproductive process including folliculogenesis, embryo transport, endometrial angiogenesis and uterine blood flow...
February 20, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471518/differences-between-supportive-music-and-imagery-and-music-listening-during-outpatient-chemotherapy-and-potential-moderators-of-treatment-effects
#2
Debra S Burns, Anthony N Meadows, Sandra Althouse, Susan M Perkins, Larry D Cripe
Background: Supportive music and imagery and music listening interventions have been effective in decreasing distress and improving mood in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, but it is unclear whether the two interventions differ in their treatment benefits. Furthermore, previous studies have not examined moderators to determine which subgroup(s) of patients may benefit most from each intervention. Objective: To examine the effects of supportive music and imagery compared with preferred music listening on responsiveness to music therapy, distress, anxiety and depression, and benefit finding...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471466/changes-in-metabolites-present-in-lung-lining-fluid-following-exposure-of-humans-to-ozone
#3
WanYun Cheng, Kelly E Duncan, Andrew J Ghio, Cavin Ward-Caviness, Edward D Karoly, David Diaz-Sanchez, Rory B Conolly, Robert B Devlin
Controlled human exposure to the oxidant air pollutant ozone causes decrements in lung function and increased inflammation as evidenced by neutrophil influx into the lung and increased levels of proinflammatory cytokines in the airways. Here we describe a targeted metabolomics evaluation of human bronchioalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) following controlled in vivo exposure to ozone to gain greater insight into its pulmonary effects. In a two-arm cross-over study, each healthy adult human volunteer was randomly exposed to filtered air (FA) and to 0...
February 19, 2018: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471391/comparative-efficacy-of-enrofloxacin-to-that-of-tulathromycin-for-the-control-of-bovine-respiratory-disease-and-prevalence-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-mannheimia-haemolytica-in-calves-at-high-risk-of-developing-bovine-respiratory-disease
#4
S Crosby, B Credille, S Giguère, R Berghaus
Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in North American beef cattle. Mannheimia haemolytica (Mh) is the bacterial pathogen most often isolated from cattle with BRD and the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in this organism has increased in recent years. Antimicrobials are commonly used to prevent BRD in cattle at high-risk of developing BRD, however, recent work would suggest that this practice might be one factor contributing to the increased prevalence of AMR in Mh...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471285/effects-of-docosahexanoic-acid-supplementation-on-inflammatory-and-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-gene-expression-in-hiv-infected-patients-on-combination-antiretroviral-therapy-cart-a-sub-study-of-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#5
Pere Domingo, José Miguel Gallego-Escuredo, Irene Fernández, Joan Villarroya, Ferran Torres, María Del Mar Gutierrez, María Gracia Mateo, Francesc Villarroya, Francesc Vidal, Marta Giralt, Joan Carles Domingo
BACKGROUND: Omega-3 fatty acids have the potential to decrease inflammation and modify gene transcription. Whether docosahexanoic acid (DHA) supplementation can modify systemic inflammatory and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) gene expression in HIV-infected patients is unknown. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial that enrolled 84 antiretroviral-treated patients who had fasting TG levels from 2.26 to 5.65 mmol/l and received DHA or placebo for 48 weeks was performed (ClinicalTrials...
February 19, 2018: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471267/the-effectiveness-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-based-lifestyle-interventions-on-biomedical-psychosocial-and-behavioral-outcomes-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Xingfeng Yu, Janita P C Chau, Lanting Huo
BACKGROUND: Integrative diabetes care, which combines conventional diabetes therapy with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)-based interventions, has gained popularity worldwide. Numerous TCM-based lifestyle modification approaches have been proposed for individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). OBJECTIVES: To synthesize and present the best available evidence on the effectiveness of TCM-based lifestyle interventions in individuals with T2DM. DESIGN: We undertook a systematic review of randomized controlled trials or controlled clinical trials...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471246/effects-of-sunitinib-targeted-chemotherapy-on-the-osseointegration-of-titanium-implants
#7
Badr Al-Jandan, Hesham F Marei, Hatem Abuohashish, Osama Zakaria, Haytham Al-Mahalawy
Targeted chemotherapies are novel therapeutic approaches for many malignancies. In contrast to conventional chemotherapies, which are given for a predetermined duration, treatment with targeted chemotherapies like sunitinib is routinely continuous over longer periods, sometimes years. During this prolonged treatment period, patients may need to restore their missing teeth with dental implants. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of the anti-angiogenic substance sunitinib targeted chemotherapy on the osseointegration of titanium implants in a rabbit model...
February 19, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471206/state-trait-anxiety-levels-during-pregnancy-and-foetal-parameters-following-intervention-with-music-therapy
#8
J Garcia-Gonzalez, M I Ventura-Miranda, M Requena-Mullor, T Parron-Carreño, R Alarcon-Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that anxiety during pregnancy may be a risk factor for the development of alterations in the mental health of the pregnant woman and of obstetric complications. OBJECTIVE: to investigate the effect of music therapy on maternal anxiety, before and after a non-stress test (NST), and the effect of maternal anxiety on the birthing process and birth size. METHODS: 409 nulliparous women coming for routine prenatal care were randomized in the third trimester to receive either music therapy (n = 204) or no music therapy (n = 205) during an NST...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471185/the-attention-training-technique-improves-children-s-ability-to-delay-gratification-a-controlled-comparison-with-progressive-relaxation
#9
Joanne Murray, Helen Scott, Claire Connolly, Adrian Wells
The ability to delay gratification at a young age is a predictor of psychological, cognitive, health, and academic later-life outcomes. This study aimed to extend earlier research and explore whether a metacognitive intervention, Wells' (1990) Attention Training Technique (ATT), could improve young children's ability to delay gratification compared to an active-control (Progressive Muscle Relaxation: PMR), and no-intervention group. One hundred and one children aged 5-6 years old were recruited from schools...
February 15, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471159/operation-versus-watchful-waiting-in-asymptomatic-or-minimally-symptomatic-inguinal-hernias-the-meta-analysis-results-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
Wenbin Gong, Junsheng Li
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this article was to compare and analyze the outcomes of surgical repair and watchful waiting (WW) in the treatment of asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic inguinal hernias. METHODS: A systematic literature review was undertaken to identify studies that compare surgical repair and watchful waiting in asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic inguinal hernias. And all related data matching our standards were abstracted for Meta-analysis with RevMan 5...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471155/early-results-of-magnetic-sphincter-augmentation-versus-fundoplication-for-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Alberto Aiolfi, Emanuele Asti, Daniele Bernardi, Gianluca Bonitta, Emanuele Rausa, Stefano Siboni, Luigi Bonavina
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic Nissen and Toupet fundoplication (LF) are currently considered gold-standard surgical treatment for Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). Magnetic Sphincter Augmentation (MSA) is an innovative surgical procedure that has been showed to be effective to control GERD symptoms and to reduce esophageal acid exposure. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare early outcomes of LF and MSA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane databases were consulted matching the terms "Gastroesophageal reflux or heartburn", "LINX or magnetic sphincter augmentation" and "fundoplication"...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471132/high-intensity-body-weight-training-is-comparable-to-combined-training-in-changes-in-muscle-mass-physical-performance-inflammatory-markers-and-metabolic-health-in-postmenopausal-women-at-high-risk-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-controlled-clinical
#12
Fernanda Maria Martins, Aletéia de Paula Souza, Paulo Ricardo Prado Nunes, Márcia Antoniazi Michelin, Eddie Fernando Candido Murta, Elisabete Aparecida Mantovani Rodrigues Resende, Erick Prado de Oliveira, Fábio Lera Orsatti
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the effects of 12 weeks of high-intensity interval body weight training (HIBWT) with combined training (COMT; aerobic and resistance exercises on body composition, a 6-minute walk test (6MWT; physical performance), insulin resistance (IR) and inflammatory markers in postmenopausal women (PW) at high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (TDM2). METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical study, 16 PW at high risk of TDM2 were randomly allocated into two groups: HIBWT (n = 8) and COMT (n = 8)...
February 19, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471076/daily-pattern-of-energy-distribution-and-weight-loss
#13
Hollie A Raynor, Fan Li, Chelsi Cardoso
Timing of energy intake, a temporal dietary pattern, may enhance health. Eating a greater amount of energy earlier and a smaller amount of energy later in the day, a behavioral circadian rhythm, may assist with chronoenhancement. Chronoenhancement seeks to enhance entrainment (synchronization) of biological and behavioral circadian rhythms. In humans, research reports that eating a greater amount of energy early and a smaller amount of energy later in the day increases dietary induced thermogenesis, improves cardiometabolic outcomes, and enhances weight loss...
February 19, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471069/what-s-technology-cooking-up-a-systematic-review-of-the-use-of-technology-in-adolescent-food-literary-programs
#14
REVIEW
Catherine A Wickham, Elena T Carbone
Over one-third of adolescents are overweight or obese. Food literacy (FL), the ability to plan and manage, select, prepare, and eat healthy foods, is a contemporary concept that provides a mechanism to understand the relationship between food-related knowledge and skills and dietary intake. Innovative interventions which focus on the core concepts of FL and include generationally appropriate technology have the potential to provide positive impact on the dietary habits of adolescents. This systematic review followed PRISMA guidelines and employed the Downs and Black criteria for rating studies...
February 19, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471017/moderate-effects-of-noninvasive-brain-stimulation-of-the-frontal-cortex-for-improving-negative-symptoms-in-schizophrenia-meta-analysis-of-controlled-trials
#15
REVIEW
André Aleman, Stefanie Enriquez-Geppert, Henderikus Knegtering, Jozarni J Dlabac-de Lange
BACKGROUND: Negative symptoms in schizophrenia concern a clinically relevant reduction of goal-directed behavior that strongly and negatively impacts daily functioning. Existing treatments are of marginal effect and novel approaches are needed. Noninvasive neurostimulation by means of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) are novel approaches that may hold promise. OBJECTIVES: To provide a quantitative integration of the published evidence regarding effects of rTMS and tDCS over the frontal cortex on negative symptoms, including an analysis of effects of sham stimulation...
February 19, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470854/the-cost-effectiveness-of-screening-in-the-community-to-reduce-osteoporotic-fractures-in-older-women-in-the-uk-economic-evaluation-of-the-scoop-study
#16
David A Turner, Rebekah Fong Soe Khioe, Lee Shepstone, Elizabeth Lenaghan, Cyrus Cooper, Neil Gittoes, Nicholas C Harvey, Richard Holland, Amanda Howe, Eugene McCloskey, Terence W O'Neill, David Torgerson, Richard Fordham
The SCOOP study was a two-arm randomized controlled trial conducted in the UK in 12,483 eligible women aged 70 to 85 years. It compared a screening program using the FRAX® risk assessment tool in addition to bone mineral density (BMD) measures versus usual management. The SCOOP study found a reduction in the incidence of hip fractures in the screening arm, but there was no evidence of a reduction in the incidence of all osteoporosis-related fractures. To make decisions about whether to implement any screening program, we should also consider whether the program is likely to be a good use of health care resources, ie, is it cost-effective? The cost per gained quality adjusted life year of screening for fracture risk has not previously been demonstrated in an economic evaluation alongside a clinical trial...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470823/methodological-characteristics-and-future-directions-for-plyometric-jump-training-research-a-scoping-review
#17
REVIEW
Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Cristian Álvarez, Antonio García-Hermoso, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Paulo Gentil, Abbas Asadi, Helmi Chaabene, Jason Moran, Cesar Meylan, Antonio García-de-Alcaraz, Javier Sanchez-Sanchez, Fabio Y Nakamura, Urs Granacher, William Kraemer, Mikel Izquierdo
Recently, there has been a proliferation of published articles on the effect of plyometric jump training, including several review articles and meta-analyses. However, these types of research articles are generally of narrow scope. Furthermore, methodological limitations among studies (e.g., a lack of active/passive control groups) prevent the generalization of results, and these factors need to be addressed by researchers. On that basis, the aims of this scoping review were to (1) characterize the main elements of plyometric jump training studies (e...
February 22, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470807/longitudinal-effects-of-adjuvant-endocrine-therapy-on-the-quality-of-life-of-post-menopausal-women-with-non-metastatic-er-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Hong Xiao, Xinyi Jiang, Cheng Chen, Alberto J Montero, Vakaramoko Diaby
BACKGROUND: Anti-estrogen (ER) endocrine therapy is an effective treatment strategy in reducing breast cancer mortality. This therapy has a better therapeutic index than chemotherapy but can still affect patients' quality of life (QOL) over time. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this systematic review were to (1) describe QOL instruments used in ER-positive (ER+) non-metastatic breast cancer trials and (2) document the longitudinal effects of adjuvant endocrine therapy on the QOL of post-menopausal women with ER+ non-metastatic breast cancer...
February 22, 2018: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470804/effects-of-physical-exercise-on-breast-cancer-related-secondary-lymphedema-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
F T Baumann, A Reike, V Reimer, M Schumann, M Hallek, D R Taaffe, R U Newton, D A Galvao
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review is to assess the effect of different types of exercise on breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) in order to elucidate the role of exercise in this patient group. METHODS: A systematic data search was performed using PubMed (December 2016). The review is focused on the rehabilitative aspect of BCRL and undertaken according to the PRISMA statement with Levels of Evidence (LoE) assessed. RESULTS: 11 randomized controlled trials (9 with LoE 1a and 2 with LoE 1b) that included 458 women with breast cancer in aftercare were included...
February 22, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470800/landiolol-a-review-in-tachyarrhythmias
#20
Yahiya Y Syed
Intravenous landiolol [Rapibloc® (EU)], an ultra short-acting highly cardioselective β1 -blocker, is approved in the EU for the rapid short-term control of tachyarrhythmias in the perioperative and intensive care settings. It has long been used in Japan to treat perioperative tachyarrhythmias. The efficacy of landiolol has been demonstrated in a large number of randomized controlled clinical trials. Landiolol significantly reduced heart rate in patients with postoperative or intraoperative supraventricular tachycardia relative to placebo and in those with atrial fibrillation/flutter and left ventricular dysfunction relative to digoxin...
February 22, 2018: Drugs
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