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Katarzyna Bartkowska, Beata Tepper, Kris Turlejski, Ruzanna L Djavadian
The exon junction complex (EJC) consists of four core proteins: Magoh, RNA-binding motif 8A (Rbm8a, also known as Y14), eukaryotic initiation factor 4A3 (eIF4A3, also known as DDX48), and metastatic lymph node 51 (MLN51, also known as Casc3 or Barentsz), which are involved in the regulation of many processes occurring between gene transcription and protein translation. Its main role is to assemble into spliceosomes at the exon-exon junction of mRNA during splicing. It is, therefore, a range of functions concerning post-splicing events such as mRNA translocation, translation, and nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD)...
May 23, 2018: Reviews in the Neurosciences
Takanori Tatsuno, Yasuhito Ishigaki
Y14 (RBM8A) is an RNA recognition motif-containing protein that forms heterodimers with MAGOH and serves as a core factor of the RNA surveillance machinery for the exon junction complex (EJC). The role of the Y14 C-terminal serine/arginine (RS) repeat-containing region, which has been reported to undergo modifications such as phosphorylation and methylation, has not been sufficiently investigated. Thus, we aimed to explore the functional significance of the Y14 C-terminal region. Deletion or dephosphorylation mimic mutants of the C-terminal region showed a shift in localization from the nucleoplasmic region; in addition, the C-terminal RS repeat-containing sequence itself exhibited the potential for nucleolar localization...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Rafal S Sobota, Catherine M Stein, Nuri Kodaman, Isaac Maro, Wendy Wieland-Alter, Robert P Igo, Albert Magohe, LaShaunda L Malone, Keith Chervenak, Noemi B Hall, Mecky Matee, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Moses Joloba, Jason H Moore, William K Scott, Timothy Lahey, W Henry Boom, C Fordham von Reyn, Scott M Williams, Giorgio Sirugo
One in three people has been infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), and the risk for MTB infection in HIV-infected individuals is even higher. We hypothesized that HIV-positive individuals living in tuberculosis-endemic regions who do not get infected by Mycobacterium tuberculosis are genetically resistant. Using an "experiment of nature" design that proved successful in our previous work, we performed a genome-wide association study of tuberculin skin test positivity using 469 HIV-positive patients from prospective study cohorts of tuberculosis from Tanzania and Uganda to identify genetic loci associated with MTB infection in the context of HIV-infection...
June 2017: PLoS Genetics
Thomas P Stricker, Christopher D Brown, Chaitanya Bandlamudi, Megan McNerney, Ralf Kittler, Vanessa Montoya, April Peterson, Robert Grossman, Kevin P White
Breast cancer, the second leading cause of cancer death of women worldwide, is a heterogenous disease with multiple different subtypes. These subtypes carry important implications for prognosis and therapy. Interestingly, it is known that these different subtypes not only have different biological behaviors, but also have distinct gene expression profiles. However, it has not been rigorously explored whether particular transcriptional isoforms are also differentially expressed among breast cancer subtypes, or whether transcript isoforms from the same sets of genes can be used to differentiate subtypes...
March 2017: PLoS Genetics
Eloa Mangabeira Santos, Lucyana Conceição Farias, Sérgio Henrique Sousa Santos, Alfredo Maurício Batista de Paula, Carla Silvana de Oliveira E Silva, André Luiz Sena Guimarães
BACKGROUND: Understanding the biological processes underlying Pressure Ulcer (PU) is an important strategy to identify new molecular targets. Bioinformatics has emerged as an important screening tool for a broad range of diseases. OBJECTIVE: This study aim of the current study is to investigate the protein-protein interaction in the PU context by bioinformatics. METHODS: We performed a search in gene databases, and bioinformatics algorithms were used to generate molecular targets for PU based in silico investigation...
May 2017: Journal of Tissue Viability
Hanqian Mao, Hannah E Brown, Debra L Silver
The exon junction complex (EJC) is a multiprotein complex integral to mRNA metabolism. Biochemistry and genetic studies have concluded that the EJC is composed of four core proteins, MAGOH, EIF4A3, RBM8A, and CASC3. Yet recent studies in Drosophila indicate divergent physiological functions for Barentsz, the mammalian Casc3 ortholog, raising the question as to whether CASC3 is a constitutive component of the EJC. This issue remains poorly understood, particularly in an in vivo mammalian context. We previously found that haploinsufficiency for Magoh, Eif4a3, or Rbm8a disrupts neuronal viability and neural progenitor proliferation, resulting in severe microcephaly...
January 2017: RNA
Hanqian Mao, John J McMahon, Yi-Hsuan Tsai, Zefeng Wang, Debra L Silver
The exon junction complex (EJC) is an RNA binding complex comprised of the core components Magoh, Rbm8a, and Eif4a3. Human mutations in EJC components cause neurodevelopmental pathologies. Further, mice heterozygous for either Magoh or Rbm8a exhibit aberrant neurogenesis and microcephaly. Yet despite the requirement of these genes for neurodevelopment, the pathogenic mechanisms linking EJC dysfunction to microcephaly remain poorly understood. Here we employ mouse genetics, transcriptomic and proteomic analyses to demonstrate that haploinsufficiency for each of the 3 core EJC components causes microcephaly via converging regulation of p53 signaling...
September 2016: PLoS Genetics
Kazuhiro Fukumura, Shunichi Wakabayashi, Naoyuki Kataoka, Hiroshi Sakamoto, Yutaka Suzuki, Kenta Nakai, Akila Mayeda, Kunio Inoue
The exon junction complex (EJC) that is deposited onto spliced mRNAs upstream of exon-exon junctions plays important roles in multiple post-splicing gene expression events, such as mRNA export, surveillance, localization, and translation. However, a direct role for the human EJC in pre-mRNA splicing has not been fully understood. Using HeLa cells, we depleted one of the EJC core components, Y14, and the resulting transcriptome was analyzed by deep sequencing (RNA-Seq) and confirmed by RT-PCR. We found that Y14 is required for efficient and faithful splicing of a group of transcripts that is enriched in short intron-containing genes involved in mitotic cell-cycle progression...
August 2, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
J J McMahon, E E Miller, D L Silver
Post-transcriptional mRNA metabolism has emerged as a critical regulatory nexus in proper development and function of the nervous system. In particular, recent studies highlight roles for the exon junction complex (EJC) in neurodevelopment. The EJC is an RNA binding complex composed of 3 core proteins, EIF4A3 (DDX48), RBM8A (Y14), and MAGOH, and is a major hub of post-transcriptional regulation. Following deposition onto mRNA, the EJC serves as a platform for the binding of peripheral factors which together regulate splicing, nonsense mediated decay, translation, and RNA localization...
December 2016: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Ming-Hui Zhao, Shuang Liang, Nam-Hyung Kim, Xiang-Shun Cui
Several germ cell-specific transcription factors essential for ovarian formation and folliculogenesis have been identified and studied. However, their function during early embryo development has been poorly explored. In this study, we investigated the role of mixed-lineage leukemia protein 2 (MLL2) in the development of porcine preimplantation embryos. To explore the function of MLL2 in porcine embryo development, expression and localization of MLL2 were assessed by qRT-PCR and immunofluorescence assays. Results showed that expression of MLL2 was significantly reduced after the four-cell stage...
June 2016: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Rafal S Sobota, Catherine M Stein, Nuri Kodaman, Laura B Scheinfeldt, Isaac Maro, Wendy Wieland-Alter, Robert P Igo, Albert Magohe, LaShaunda L Malone, Keith Chervenak, Noemi B Hall, Chawangwa Modongo, Nicola Zetola, Mecky Matee, Moses Joloba, Alain Froment, Thomas B Nyambo, Jason H Moore, William K Scott, Timothy Lahey, W Henry Boom, C Fordham von Reyn, Sarah A Tishkoff, Giorgio Sirugo, Scott M Williams
Immunosuppression resulting from HIV infection increases the risk of progression to active tuberculosis (TB) both in individuals newly exposed to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) and in those with latent infections. We hypothesized that HIV-positive individuals who do not develop TB, despite living in areas where it is hyperendemic, provide a model of natural resistance. We performed a genome-wide association study of TB resistance by using 581 HIV-positive Ugandans and Tanzanians enrolled in prospective cohort studies of TB; 267 of these individuals developed active TB, and 314 did not...
March 3, 2016: American Journal of Human Genetics
Louis-Jan Pilaz, John J McMahon, Emily E Miller, Ashley L Lennox, Aussie Suzuki, Edward Salmon, Debra L Silver
Embryonic neocortical development depends on balanced production of progenitors and neurons. Genetic mutations disrupting progenitor mitosis frequently impair neurogenesis; however, the link between altered mitosis and cell fate remains poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that prolonged mitosis of radial glial progenitors directly alters neuronal fate specification and progeny viability. Live imaging of progenitors from a neurogenesis mutant, Magoh(+/-), reveals that mitotic delay significantly correlates with preferential production of neurons instead of progenitors, as well as apoptotic progeny...
January 6, 2016: Neuron
Donghua Zou, Colleen McSweeney, Aswathy Sebastian, Derrick James Reynolds, Fengping Dong, Yijing Zhou, Dazhi Deng, Yonggang Wang, Long Liu, Jun Zhu, Jizhong Zou, Yongsheng Shi, Istvan Albert, Yingwei Mao
BACKGROUND: Nonsense mediated mRNA decay (NMD) is an RNA surveillance mechanism that controls RNA stability and ensures the speedy degradation of erroneous and unnecessary transcripts. This mechanism depends on several core factors in the exon junction complex (EJC), eIF4A3, RBM8a, Magoh, and BTZ, as well as peripheral factors to distinguish premature stop codons (PTCs) from normal stop codons in transcripts. Recently, emerging evidence has indicated that NMD factors are associated with neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability (ID)...
2015: Neural Development
Holly R Ramage, G Renuka Kumar, Erik Verschueren, Jeffrey R Johnson, John Von Dollen, Tasha Johnson, Billy Newton, Priya Shah, Julie Horner, Nevan J Krogan, Melanie Ott
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a leading cause of liver disease, but insight into virus-host interactions remains limited. We systematically used affinity purification/mass spectrometry to define the host interactions of all ten HCV proteins in hepatoma cells. We combined these studies with RNAi knockdown of corresponding genes using a two-step scoring approach to generate a map of 139 high-confidence HCV-host protein-protein interactions. We found mitochondrial proteins highly involved in HCV infection and characterized an interaction between the viral core protein and host protein within bgcn homolog (WIBG)...
January 22, 2015: Molecular Cell
Zhen Wang, Valentine Murigneux, Hervé Le Hir
BACKGROUND: The exon junction complex (EJC) is a dynamic multi-protein complex deposited onto nuclear spliced mRNAs upstream of exon-exon junctions. The four core proteins, eIF4A3, Magoh, Y14 and MLN51, are stably bound to mRNAs during their lifecycle, serving as a binding platform for other nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins. Recent evidence has shown that the EJC is involved in the splicing regulation of some specific events in both Drosophila and mammalian cells. RESULTS: Here, we show that knockdown of EJC core proteins causes widespread alternative splicing changes in mammalian cells...
2014: Genome Biology
Yasuhito Ishigaki, Yuka Nakamura, Takanori Tatsuno, Shaofu Ma, Naohisa Tomosugi
The RNA-binding protein 8A (RBM8A)-mago-nashi homolog, proliferation-associated (Magoh) complex is a component of the exon junction complex (EJC) required for mRNA metabolism involving nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD). RBM8A is a phosphorylated protein that plays some roles in NMD. However, the detailed status and mechanism of the phosphorylation of RBM8A is not completely understood. Therefore, in this study, we analyzed in detail RBM8A phosphorylation in human cells. Accordingly, analysis of the phosphorylation status of RBM8A protein in whole-cell lysates by using Phos-tag gels revealed that the majority of endogenous RBM8A was phosphorylated throughout the cell-cycle progression...
April 2015: Experimental Biology and Medicine
Nicolas Cougot, Elisabeth Daguenet, Aurélie Baguet, Annie Cavalier, Daniel Thomas, Pascale Bellaud, Alain Fautrel, Florence Godey, Edouard Bertrand, Catherine Tomasetto, Reynald Gillet
Metastatic lymph node 51 (MLN51, also known as CASC3) is a core component of the exon junction complex (EJC), which is loaded onto spliced mRNAs and plays an essential role in determining their fate. Unlike the three other EJC core components [eIF4AIII, Magoh and Y14 (also known as RBM8A)], MLN51 is mainly located in the cytoplasm, where it plays a key role in the assembly of stress granules. In this study, we further investigated the cytoplasmic role of MLN51. We show that MLN51 is a new component of processing bodies (P-bodies)...
November 1, 2014: Journal of Cell Science
John J McMahon, Lei Shi, Debra L Silver
Magoh encodes a core component of the exon junction complex (EJC), which binds mRNA and regulates mRNA metabolism. Magoh is highly expressed in proliferative tissues during development. EJC components have been implicated in several developmental disorders including TAR syndrome, Richieri-Costa-Pereira syndrome, and intellectual disability. Existing germline null Magoh mice are embryonic lethal as homozygotes and perinatal lethal as heterozygotes, precluding detailed analysis of embryonic and postnatal functions...
August 2014: Genesis: the Journal of Genetics and Development
Yasuhito Ishigaki, Yuka Nakamura, Takanori Tatsuno, Mitsumasa Hashimoto, Takeo Shimasaki, Kuniyoshi Iwabuchi, Naohisa Tomosugi
RBM8A (Y14) contains an RNA-binding motif and forms a tight heterodimer with Magoh. The heterodimer is known to be a member of the exon junction complex that forms on mRNA before export and it is required for mRNA metabolism processes such as splicing, mRNA export and nonsense-mediated mRNA decay. Recently, deficient cellular proliferation has been observed in RBM8A- or Magoh-depleted cells. These results prompted us to study the role of RBM8A in cell cycle progression of human tumour cells. The depletion of RBM8A in A549 cells resulted in poor cell survival and the accumulation of mitotic cells...
August 1, 2013: Experimental Biology and Medicine
Yasuhito Ishigaki, Yuka Nakamura, Takanori Tatsuno, Mitsumasa Hashimoto, Kuniyoshi Iwabuchi, Naohisa Tomosugi
RBM8A (Y14) is carrying RNA-binding motif and forms the tight heterodimer with MAGOH. The heterodimer is known to be a member of exon junction complex on exporting mRNA and is required for mRNA metabolisms such as splicing, mRNA export and nonsense-mediated mRNA decay. Almost all RBM8A-MAGOH complexes localize in nucleoplasm and shuttle between nuclei and cytoplasm for RNA metabolism. Recently, the abnormality of G2/M transition and aberrant centrosome regulation in RBM8A- or MAGOH-deficient cells has been reported...
January 2014: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
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