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follicle vldl

Forough Ebrahimi, Baharudin Ibrahim, Chin-Hoe Teh, Vikneswaran Murugaiyah, Kit-Lam Chan
Male infertility is one of the leading causes of infertility which affects many couples worldwide. Semen analysis is a routine examination of male fertility status which is usually performed on semen samples obtained through masturbation that may be inconvenient to patients. Eurycoma longifolia (Tongkat Ali, TA), native to Malaysia, has been traditionally used as a remedy to boost male fertility. In our recent studies in rats, upon the administration of high-quassinoid content extracts of TA including TA water (TAW), quassinoid-rich TA (TAQR) extracts, and a low-quassinoid content extract including quassinoid-poor TA (TAQP) extract, sperm count (SC) increased in TAW- and TAQR-treated rats when compared to the TAQP-treated and control groups...
June 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
Roshni Patel, Gaurang Shah
OBJECTIVE: Metformin has been used as a treatment option for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) since 1994; however, more than a hundred randomized clinical trials have reported controversial results regarding the efficacy of metformin in PCOS. This could be due to the small sample size and high variability in methodology between studies. The objective of the present meta-analysis was to determine the effect of metformin on clinical, metabolic, and endocrine outcomes compared to placebo in PCOS women...
September 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Bodo C Melnik
Isotretinoin (13-cis retinoic acid) is the most effective sebum-suppressive drug for the treatment of severe acne. Its effect depends on sebocyte apoptosis, which results from isotretinoin-induced expression of the apoptotic protein tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand, insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin. This review proposes that the pharmacological mode of action of isotretinoin in the treatment of severe acne, acute promyelocytic leukaemia, and neuroblastoma results from apoptosis...
February 8, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
Weiguang Xia, Ahmed Mohamed Fouad, Wei Chen, Dong Ruan, Shuang Wang, Qiuli Fan, Ying Wang, Yiyan Cui, Chuntian Zheng
This study aimed to establish the arginine requirements of Longyan ducks from 17 to 31 wk of age based on egg production, egg quality, plasma, and ovarian indices, as well as the expression of vitellogenesis-related genes. In total, 660 Longyan ducks with similar body weight at 15 wk of age were assigned randomly to 5 treatments, each with 6 replicates of 22 birds, and fed a corn-corn gluten meal basal diet (0.66% arginine) supplemented with either 0, 0.20%, 0.40%, 0.60%, or 0.80% arginine. Dietary arginine did not affect egg production by laying ducks, but it increased (linear, P < 0...
January 1, 2017: Poultry Science
Holly L Hennin, Pierre Legagneux, Joël Bêty, Tony D Williams, H Grant Gilchrist, Tyne M Baker, Oliver P Love
Integrative biologists have long appreciated that the effective acquisition and management of energy prior to breeding should strongly influence fitness-related reproductive decisions (timing of breeding and reproductive investment). However, because of the difficulty in capturing pre-breeding individuals, and the tendency towards abandonment of reproduction after capture, we know little about the underlying mechanisms of these life-history decisions. Over 10 years, we captured free-living, arctic-breeding common eiders (Somateria mollissima) up to 3 weeks before investment in reproduction...
January 2015: Oecologia
Melike Doğanay, Sebnem Sen Ozyer, Turgut Var, Esra Tonguc, Ozlem Gun Eryilmaz, Irfan Ozer, Ali Irfan Guzel
PURPOSE: We evaluated a possible association between serum adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (A-FABP) levels and clinical parameters in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: Our study included 86 women: 49 with PCOS (study group), 37 with non-PCOS (control group). We recorded and analyzed age, body mass index [BMI = weight (kg)/height (m)(2)], waist circumference, and blood pressure and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), LH/FSH, free testosterone (fT), dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, 17-OH progesterone, insulin, glucose, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, very low density lipoprotein, HOMA-IR, and A-FABP levels...
February 2015: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Shenqiang Hu, Hehe Liu, Zhixiong Pan, Lu Xia, Xia Dong, Liang Li, Feng Xu, Hua He, Jiwen Wang
Very low density lipoprotein receptor (VLDLR)-mediated endocytosis of plasma lipoproteins into the ovary is essential for ovarian follicle development. Two splice variants of VLDLR have been identified in several species, yet little is known about their distinctive roles in ovarian developing follicles. In the present study, the full-length cDNAs of two splice isoforms of VLDLR were obtained from geese (Anser cygnoide) ovaries using the RACE method. The longer isoform (TypeI VLDLR) is 3141bp and contains five conserved structural domains, while the other (TypeII VLDLR) lacks 90bp encoding for the O-linked sugar domain...
October 2014: Animal Reproduction Science
B Yildirim, O Celik, S Aydin
PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to evaluate potential relationships between serum adropin levels and metabolic parameters in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty women with PCOS and 20 healthy, age and body mass index (BMI) matched controls were included in the study. All subjects underwent venous blood drawing on the early follicular phase after an overnight fasting. Serum adropin levels were measured with enzyme immunosorbent assay (EIA)...
2014: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
Aafke P A van Montfoort, Torsten Plösch, Annemieke Hoek, Uwe J F Tietge
The relationship among maternal lipid metabolism, fetal development, and adult disease of the offspring represents an emerging topic of high epidemiological relevance. The present review highlights the very early aspects of this process. Recent data suggest a link between lipid metabolism and reproduction/fertility, not only on the systemic level, but also locally on the level of the ovary that maintains its own sterol metabolism, likely in a self-regulated fashion. Follicular fluid - which surrounds oocytes in a developing follicle - contains all relevant lipoprotein subclasses that reach the follicular fluid either by diffusion, in the case of high-density lipoproteins (HDL), or by local production within the granulosa cells, in the case of very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL)...
October 2014: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Christine Eresheim, Christian Leeb, Patricia Buchegger, Johannes Nimpf
Chicken oocytes develop in follicles and reach an enormous size because of a massive uptake of yolk precursors such as very low density lipoprotein and vitellogenin. Oocyte growth is supported by theca cells and granulosa cells, which establish dynamic and highly organized cell layers surrounding the oocyte. The signaling processes orchestrating the development of these layered structures are largely unknown. Here we demonstrate that the Reelin pathway, which determines the development of layered neuronal structures in the brain, is also active in chicken follicles...
April 4, 2014: Journal of Biological Chemistry
S J Ying, S H Xiao, C L Wang, B S Zhong, G M Zhang, Z Y Wang, D Y He, X L Ding, H J Xing, F Wang
Ovarian steroid hormones regulate follicular growth and atresia. This study aims to determine whether key ovarian sterol-regulatory genes are differentially expressed in Hu sheep under different short-term nutritional regimens. Estrus was synchronized using intravaginal progestagen sponges. The ewes were assigned randomly to 3 groups. On d 6 to 12 of their estrous cycle, the control (CON) group received a maintenance diet (1.0×M), the supplemented (SUP) group received 1.5×M, and the restricted (R) group received 0...
November 2013: Journal of Animal Science
Yong-Woon Ryu, Ricako Tanaka, Ayumi Kasahara, Yuta Ito, Naoshi Hiramatsu, Takashi Todo, Craig V Sullivan, Akihiko Hara
Large amounts of neutral lipids (NLs) are stored as lipid droplets in the ooplasm of fish oocytes, providing an essential energy resource for developing embryos and larvae. However, little is known about the origin of such lipids or about mechanisms underlying their uptake and accumulation in oocytes. We have proposed a model for this lipidation of teleost oocytes, as follows: very low density lipoprotein (Vldl) is metabolized by lipoprotein lipase (Lpl) outside and/or inside of the oocyte and the resulting fatty acids (FAs) are then utilized for de novo biosynthesis of NLs...
March 2013: Zoological Science
R G Elkin, R Bauer, W J Schneider
A unique non-laying strain of chickens with heritable hyperlipidemia and aortic atherosclerosis was first described in 1974. Subsequent work established that the phenotype results from a naturally occurring point mutation in the gene specifying the very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) receptor, a 95-kDa membrane protein which normally mediates the massive uptake of the main circulating hepatically-synthesized yolk precursors, VLDL and vitellogenin. As a result, hens of the mutant strain termed "restricted ovulator" (R/O) have approximately 5-fold elevations in circulating cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations compared with normal layers, and hepatic lipogenesis and cholesterogenesis are markedly attenuated due to feedback inhibition...
December 2012: Animal Reproduction Science
Y-E Pan, Z-C Liu, C-J Chang, Y-L Xie, C-Y Chen, C-F Chen, R L Walzem, S-E Chen
The study was conducted to delineate fundamental mechanisms that initiate the deleterious effect of fuel overloading on reproductive efficacy of broiler breeder hens. Sixty hens at age 26 wk were fed recommended amounts of feed (160 g/d per hen) or allowed voluntary feeding (approximately 30% more than restriction). At age 35 and 50 wk, hens were sampled for further analyzes. Voluntary feeding resulted in poor egg production, high rate of mortality, and abnormal ovarian structure (mainly overt hierarchical follicle atresia at age 35 wk and ovarian involution at age 50 wk)...
April 2012: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
Chaturbhuja Nayak, Vikram Singh, Krishna Singh, Hari Singh, Jaya Gupta, Chetna Deep Lamba, Anita Sharma, Bindu Sharma, Balachandran Indira, Subburayalu Bhuvaneshwari, Simran Kaur Bindra, Kunapuli Sree Venkata Bharata Luxmi
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to ascertain the usefulness of homeopathic therapy in the management of distressing symptoms encountered during climacteric years in women (primary objective) and also the changes brought about in the levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and lipid profile in these women after homeopathic treatment (secondary objective). MATERIALS AND METHODS: An open, multicenter, prospective, observational study was carried out to ascertain the usefulness of homeopathic treatment in distress during climacteric years (DDCY)...
November 2011: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Mohamed A Adly
Transthyretin is a serum and cerebrospinal fluid protein synthesized early in development by the liver, choroid plexus and several other tissues. It is a carrier protein for the antioxidant vitamins, retinol, and thyroid hormones. Transthyretin helps internalize thyroxine and retinol-binding protein into cells by binding to megalin, which is a multi-ligand receptor expressed on the luminal surface of various epithelia. We investigated the expression of transthyretin and its receptor megalin in the human skin; however, their expression pattern in the hair follicle is still to be elucidated...
December 2010: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
Olga Vasilkova, Tatiana Mokhort, Igor Sanec, Tamara Sharshakova, Naomi Hayashida, Noboru Takamura
BACKGROUND: Although many reports have elucidated pathophysiological characteristics of abnormal bone metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DT2), determinants of bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with DT2 are still controversial. METHODS: We examined 168 Belarussian men 45-60 years of age. Plasma total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, hemoglobin A(1c) (HbA(1c)), immunoreactive insulin, and C-reactive protein concentrations were assessed...
January 2011: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
Faidon Magkos, Elisa Fabbrini, B Selma Mohammed, Bruce W Patterson, Samuel Klein, Bettina Mittendorfer
CONTEXT: Sex differences in lipid metabolism result in a less proatherogenic plasma lipid profile in premenopausal women than men. The mechanisms responsible for this are unclear but are thought to be related to differences in the sex hormone milieu in men and women. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the effect of endogenous sex hormones on very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) triglyceride (TG) and apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB-100) metabolism. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We measured basal VLDL-TG and VLDL-apoB-100 concentrations and kinetics by using stable isotope-labeled tracers...
July 2010: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Daniel R Callejon, Danyelle Romana A Rios, Sílvio A Franceschini, Maria Regina T Toloi
BACKGROUND: In postmenopausal women, significant changes occur that can induce cardiovascular diseases, such as atherogenic lipid profile, due to an increase in total cholesterol and LDL levels, and a decrease in HDL cholesterol levels. The hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can prevent these changes in lipid profile. OBJECTIVE: Verify the effects of HRT consisting of transdermal estradiol gel associated with medroxyprogesterone acetate on the lipid profile and biochemical parameters in Brazilian postmenopausal women...
December 2009: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Dong Han, Norbert H Haunerland, Tony D Williams
The vitellogenin/very low density lipoprotein receptor (VTG/VLDL-R), a 95 kDa protein that belongs to the low density lipoprotein receptor gene family, mediates the uptake of yolk precursors by developing follicles during oocyte growth. However, the extent to which variation in VTG/VLDL-R expression plays a role in determining inter-individual variation in reproductive phenotype (e.g. follicle or egg size) is not known. Here we show that the mRNA sequence of the zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata) VTG/VLDL-R shows a high degree of sequence identity (92%) with chicken VTG/VLDL-R mRNA...
May 2009: Journal of Experimental Biology
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