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Treatment groin pain

Petar Duvnjak, Mario Laguna
The use of live attenuated intravesicular Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) therapy is a generally accepted safe and effective method for the treatment of superficial transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the bladder. Although rare, < 5% of patient's treated with intravesicular BCG therapy may develop potentially serious complications, including localized infections to the genitourinary tract, mycotic aneurysms and osteomyelitis. We present here a case of a 63-year-old male who developed left coronary and multiple peripheral M...
August 2016: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
J Stone, M Vermeulen
Functional (psychogenic) sensory symptoms are those in which the patient genuinely experiences alteration or absence of normal sensation in the absence of neurologic disease. The hallmark of functional sensory symptoms is the presence of internal inconsistency revealing a pattern of symptoms governed by abnormally focused attention. In this chapter we review the history of this area, different clinical presentations, diagnosis (including sensitivity of diagnostic tests), treatment, experimental studies, and prognosis...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Brian Cohen, Dominic Kleinhenz, Jonathan Schiller, Ramin Tabaddor
Athletic Pubalgia, more commonly known as sports hernia, is defined as chronic lower abdominal and groin pain without the presence of a true hernia. It is increasingly recognized in athletes as a source of groin pain and is often associated with other pathology. A comprehensive approach to the physical exam and a strong understanding of hip and pelvic anatomy are critical in making the appropriate diagnosis. Various management options are available. We review the basic anatomy, patholophysiology, diagnostic approach and treatment of athletic pubalgia as well as discuss associated conditions such as femoroacetabular impingement...
October 4, 2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
F Jasmijn Smits, Herman Frima, Christoph Schaeffeler, Christoph Sommer
Septic arthritis of the pubic symphysis is a potentially severe disease. Athletes are at risk of this form of spontaneous arthritis, as inflammation of the pubic bone due to muscular stress is relatively common. Oedema due to inflammation might predispose to infection through bacteraemia or local bacterial translocation. Suspicion should be raised when an athlete complains of groin pain and has signs of infection (i.e., fever, elevated white blood cell count, and elevated C-reactive protein). Diagnosis is made by imaging showing signs of inflammation combined with positive (blood) cultures...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
Timothy J Fuller, Christopher M Paprzycki, Muhammad H Zubair, Lala R Hussain, Brian A Kuhn, Matthew H Recht, Patrick E Muck
BACKGROUND: Interventional strategies for massive and submassive Pulmonary Embolism (smPE) have historically included either systematic intravenous thrombolytic alteplase (IV TPA) or surgical embolectomy, both of which are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. However, with the advent of endovascular techniques, recent studies have suggested that an endovascular approach to the treatment of acute smPE may be both safe and effective with excellent outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of patients who have undergone catheter directed thrombolysis (CDT) for smPE at our institution in an effort to determine the safety of the procedure...
September 22, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Sivan Navot, Leonid Kalichman
Pelvic floor muscle assessment in situations of hip/groin pain in both male and female patients can be a key element in treatment success. We present herein, a 32 year old male professional cyclist, exhibiting right hip and groin pain during cycling and prolonged sitting. The pain commenced after the patient suffered a right hip severe contusion in 2013 causing a tear in the tensor fascia lata and gluteus medius muscle. The patient did not complain of pelvic floor dysfunctions. After receiving several series of conventional physical therapy for the hip/groin pain, the patient experienced partial pain relief and slight improvement of hip range of motion...
July 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Scott Cheatham, Morey J Kolber, Kathryn Kumagai Shimamura
: Clinical Scenario: The differential diagnosis of groin pain can be very challenging due to the many causative pathologies. Osteitis pubis is one pathology that is becoming more recognized in athletes who participate in sports such as soccer, ice hockey, rugby, and football.(1) Conservative non-operative treatment is often prescribed first prior to surgical intervention. Of particular interest, are the outcomes of non-operative rehabilitation programs and their effectiveness to return athletes to pre-injury levels of participation...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Tugce Tural Kara, Halil Ozdemir, Suat Fitoz, Ergin Ciftci, Erdal Ince
Pelvic osteomyelitis is a rare infection. Ilium, ischium, pubis and acetabulum are commonly affected sites. Pelvic radiography, pelvic magnetic resonance and scintigraphy are useful imaging techniques for diagnosis. However, diagnoses should be confirmed with bone biopsy from the lesion. Sometimes diagnosis is delayed because of deep localization of infection site. Here in, we report a 15-year-old girl with left groin pain who was diagnosed as pelvic osteomyelitis one month after initial symptoms. Patient was successfully treated with antibiotics for 8 weeks...
October 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
S García-Mata, O Jiménez Sarmiento, J Duart Clemente, A Hidalgo Ovejero
Idiopathic chondrolysis of the hip is a very rare disease occurring during adolescence. Pain and limp are the most common symptoms and are a consequence of an accelerated loss of the articular cartilage with a lower range of move-ment producing rigidity in the last instance. The natural history is unpredictable and varies between complete and spon-taneous recovery and the ankylosis. The current recommended treatment is conservative, restricting the surgical option for residual stiffness. A clinical case of an eleven year old patient is presented...
2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
Maarten A Röling, Nina M C Mathijssen, Rolf M Bloem
Groin pain is a frequent cause of discomfort in patients and highly prevalent in active patients. One of the diagnoses causing groin pain is femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). However, the incidence of FAI in the general population is unknown. This study aimed to identify the incidence of groin pain suggestive of FAI in a cohort of 31 451 patients in the Netherlands during 1 year. A cooperation of 16 general practitioners (GPs) participated in this prospective registry. All GPs were educated in the clinical manifestation of FAI and the physical examination for FAI...
August 2016: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
Mark D Wilson, James S Keene
Ischiofemoral impingement (IFI) is an often unrecognized cause of hip pain caused by abnormal contact between the lesser trochanter and the ischium. To date, surgical treatment for those whose pain is not relieved by activity modification and steroid injections has not been defined. This study describes our imaging protocol and reports the results of arthroscopic, lesser trochanteric resections that were performed to treat this condition. Seven patients with symptomatic, MRI-documented IFI had ultrasound injections of ropivicaine and steroid into their ischiofemoral space...
July 2016: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
René P Schellart, Fenne M Casteleijn, Marcel G W Dijkgraaf, Manuela Tutolo, Jan-Paul W R Roovers
AIMS: To quantify to what extent patients are willing to trade their chance of cure of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) against less postoperative groin pain. Randomized, controlled trials show less postoperative pain following single-incision mini-sling (SIMS), but slightly higher cure rates following a transobturator standard midurethral sling (SMUS). METHODS: A multi-center, interview-based trade-off experiment for treatment preference among 100 women with predominant SUI and undergoing SIMS...
August 26, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Charlotte M H Moriarty, Robert J Baker
General medical conditions are an important part of the differential diagnosis in athletes presenting with pain or injury. A psoas abscess is a collection of pus in the iliopsoas muscle compartment and is a rare cause of hip, low back, or groin pain. Psoas abscesses may have significant morbidity and mortality, as 20% progress to septic shock. Presenting symptoms are generally nonspecific and the onset may be subacute. Clinical presentation may have features suggestive of other diagnoses, including septic hip arthritis, iliopsoas bursitis, and retrocecal appendicitis...
August 19, 2016: Sports Health
Thore-Björn Haag, H Michael Mayer, Alexandra S Schneider, Michael C Rumpf, Martin Handel, Christian Schneider
The purpose of this study is to identify several responsible parameters for back pain (BP) in youth soccer players to create a risk assessment tool for early prevention. An iPad-based survey was used to screen for parameters in a cross-sectional study. This questionnaire includes items regarding anthropometric data, training habits and sports injuries and was put into practice with 1110 athletes. Sex (odds ratio (OR): 1.84), age group (1.48) and playing surface (1.56) were significantly associated with BP. A history of injuries especially to the spine and hip/groin increased the likelihood for evolving recurrent BP (1...
August 18, 2016: Research in Sports Medicine
Ann-Christin Johansson, Hillevi Karlsson
BACKGROUND: A valid functional test, evaluating dynamic balance control, might be valuable clinic tool for evaluation of treatment outcome on patients with femoral acetabular impingement (FAI). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate criterion and divergent validity of the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) on patients with bilateral FAI- changes, with unilateral clinical symptoms. METHOD: In this cross sectional correlational and comparative study fifteen patients with bilateral FAI with unilateral symptoms and 15 controls participated...
August 5, 2016: Manual Therapy
O Ludwig, J Kelm
Soccer and football players are exposed to a high risk of groin pain. In some cases, the pubic symphysis is the origin of the problems.This article presents a case report of a young elite soccer player who, over a period of two years, suffered from pain in the groin and symphysis area. The right leg was the kicking leg. Imaging techniques did not reveal pathological findings. Sports hernia, osteomyelitis, enthesopathy, adductor tendonitis, and muscle sprains, as well as rheumatic or urogenital disorders were excluded...
August 2016: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
Adrian B Levine, Andrew G Parrent, Keith W MacDougall
BACKGROUND: Chronic neuropathic groin pain is a common problem. It can arise following surgery or trauma, or spontaneously as part of various pelvic pain syndromes. A number of different stimulation techniques have been reported in the literature to treat this area, but due to the complex anatomy of the region, it can be difficult to target effectively with paresthesias. OBJECTIVES: In this study we report our results treating patients with chronic neuropathic groin, pelvic, and abdominal pain, using spinal cord stimulation and dorsal nerve root stimulation...
July 2016: Pain Physician
Alexandru Ulici, Ana-Maria Dulea, Iulia Tevanov, Gabi Sterian, Radu Balanescu
INTRODUCTION: development dysplasia of the hip is one of the common disorders in pediatric orthopaedics. This requires an early orthopaedic treatment. Neglected cases can lead to hip dislocation, which has an incidence of 1.4 / mille new-borns, being bilateral in 70-80% of cases and prevalence of girls being 7 / 1-4 / 1 (girls / boys). Congenital hip dislocation requires a complex surgical and orthopaedic treatment. In most cases develop hip osteoarthritis in adulthood, requiring total hip replacement...
May 2016: Chirurgia
Melih Paksoy, Ümit Sekmen
Groin pain is an important clinical entity that may affect a sportsman's active sports life. Sportsman's hernia is a chronic low abdominal and groin pain syndrome. Open and laparoscopic surgical treatment may be chosen in case of conservative treatment failure. Studies on sportsman's hernia, which is a challenging situation in both diagnosis and treatment, are ongoing in many centers. We reviewed the treatment results of 37 patients diagnosed and treated as sportsman's hernia at our hospital between 2011-2014, in light of current literature...
2016: Ulusal Cerrahi Dergisi
Jiehua Qiu, Weimin Zhou, Wei Zhou, Xinhua Tang, Qingwen Yuan, Xianhua Zhu, Yujin Yang, Jixin Xiong
BACKGROUND: The purpose of our study is to analyze the methods of treating infected femoral artery pseudoaneurysms (IFAPs), and also to identify the most appropriate method, especially for patients with a long history of drug abuse. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 88 consecutive IFAPs secondary to drug abuse between 2003 and 2014 was performed. Outpatient clinic charts were reviewed, as well as inpatient and anesthesia records. All patients had undergone a computer tomography angiography or contrast computer tomography to confirm their diagnosis...
July 15, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
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