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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924047/lumbar-spinal-canal-osteosarcoma-a-case-report
#1
De-Jian Chen, Qi Lai, Jianghao Zhu, Zongmiao Wan, Hucheng Liu, Min Dai, Runsheng Guo, Bin Zhang
RATIONALE: Osteosarcoma is a rare neoplasm in the lumbar spine. Although osteosarcoma can arise in any portion of the skeleton, it very rarely arises in the spinal canal, which accounts for <0.1% of all cases of adult sarcomas. Here, we describe a case of osteosarcoma arising in the L4-5 spinal canal. PATIENT CONCERNS: The present report describes the case of a 55-year-old female patient with osteosarcoma of the L4-5 spinal canal. DIAGNOSES: The patient was initially diagnosed with lumbar spinal stenosis and underwent lumbar fusion at a local hospital...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922525/spanning-external-fixation-for-the-treatment-of-open-joint-injuries-in-pediatric-burn-patients
#2
Kelly Carmichael, Daniel Torres, Carlos J Jimenez, Matthew C Comley, Ernest B Evans
In this article, we report a case series on spanning external fixation for the treatment of open joint burn injuries in a pediatric population. We reviewed the case logs of all orthopedic surgeons from 2000 to 2010 at a burn hospital to identify pediatric patients with open joints secondary to burn injuries. Nine patients who sustained open joint injuries after a burn and treated with a spanning external fixator (SEF) were identified. Characteristics of the burns included: five elbow, four knee; seven flame, two electrical; average total body surface area affected 49...
April 16, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922066/medial-comminution-as-a-risk-factor-for-the-stability-after-lateral-only-pin-fixation-for-pediatric-supracondylar-humerus-fracture-an-audit
#3
Yoon Hae Kwak, Jae-Hyun Kim, Young-Chang Kim, Kun-Bo Park
Background and purpose: Closed reduction and lateral-only pin fixation is one of the common treatment methods for displaced supracondylar fracture in children. However, several risk factors related to the stability have been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the medial comminution as a potential risk factor related to the stability after appropriate lateral-only pin fixation for Gartland type III supracondylar humerus fracture. Methods: Sixty-seven patients with type III supracondylar fractures who were under the age of 12 years were included...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921502/does-surgeon-volume-affect-outcomes-following-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review
#4
Azeem T Malik, Nikhil Jain, Thomas J Scharschmidt, Mengnai Li, Andrew H Glassman, Safdar N Khan
BACKGROUND: Surgeon volume has been identified as an important factor impacting postoperative outcome in patients undergoing orthopedic surgeries. With an absence of a detailed systematic review, we sought to collate evidence on the impact of surgeon volume on postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: PubMed (MEDLINE) and Google Scholar databases were queried for articles using the following search criteria: ("Surgeon Volume" OR "Provider Volume" OR "Volume Outcome") AND ("THA" OR "Total hip replacement" OR "THR" OR "Total hip arthroplasty")...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913030/lateralized-center-of-rotation-and-lower-neck-shaft-angle-are-associated-with-lower-rates-of-scapular-notching-and-heterotopic-ossification-and-improved-pain-for-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-at-1-year
#5
Ryan Nelson, Jeremiah T Lowe, Sarah M Lawler, Megan Fitzgerald, Matthew T Mantell, Andrew Jawa
Heterotopic ossification and scapular notching are common following reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. Compared with the original Grammont-style prosthesis with a medialized center of rotation (COR) and a 155° neck-shaft angle, lateralization of COR and reduction of neck-shaft angle have been associated with decreased incidence of scapular notching. The authors hypothesized that these design features may also be effective in reducing heterotopic ossification after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. Ninety-seven consecutive patients who underwent reverse total shoulder arthroplasty performed by a single surgeon were included in the study...
June 18, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913027/patient-satisfaction-with-nonopioid-pain-management-following-knee-arthroscopic-partial-meniscectomy-and-or-chondroplasty
#6
Charles S Carrier, Kirsten D Garvey, Emily M Brook, Elizabeth G Matzkin
The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of nonopioid pain management following arthroscopic partial meniscectomy and/or chondroplasty and to assess patients' attitudes regarding their need for opioid pain medication following these procedures. Patients who underwent a knee arthroscopy procedure for either partial meniscectomy and/or chondroplasty from July 2016 to January 2017 by a single surgeon at a single institution were included. Medical records were reviewed, and demographics were recorded...
June 18, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911077/cross-sectional-study-of-gartland-ii-and-iii-humerus-supracondylar-fracture-treatment-in-childhood-brazilian-orthopedists-opinion
#7
Rodrigo Fileto Gavaldão Moreira, Alexandre Yukio Nishimi, Enrico Montorsi Zanon, Thales Santos Rama, Rodrigo Pacheco Lessa Ciofi, Eiffel Tsuyoshi Dobashi
Objective: This study is aimed at determining, through a cross-sectional study, the preferred therapeutic method in Brazil considering the approach to Gartland type II and III supracondylar humerus fractures during childhood. Methods: The research project was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of Plataforma Brasil and the material was collected during the 46th Brazilian Orthopedics and Traumatology Congress. A questionnaire was developed to analyze two clinical scenarios about Gartland type II and III fractures...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908930/the-effect-of-computed-tomography-scans-oriented-along-the-longitudinal-scaphoid-axis-on-measurements-of-deformity-and-displacement-in-scaphoid-fractures
#8
Adnan N Cheema, Paul J Niziolek, David Steinberg, Bruce Kneeland, Nikolas H Kazmers, David Bozentka
PURPOSE: Reformatting computed tomography (CT) scans along the scaphoid longitudinal axis improves the ability to detect scaphoid fractures compared with reformats along the wrist axis. However, it remains unclear whether scaphoid axis reformats affect measurements of displacement or deformity, which are factors that drive the clinical decision to perform open reduction internal fixation. Our null hypothesis was that reformatting CT scans along the scaphoid axis does not affect measurements of fracture displacement and deformity...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908925/clinical-decision-making-for-a-soft-tissue-hand-mass-when-and-how-to-biopsy
#9
REVIEW
Kyle J MacGillis, James Heaberlin, Alfonso Mejia
Evaluation of a hand mass and subsequent surgical treatment is a frequent clinical encounter for the practicing hand surgeon. The clinical evaluation of benign and malignant hand tumors has traditionally focused on diagnosis, surgical excision, and reconstruction. There is a paucity of literature discussing the determining factors for a hand mass biopsy, its appropriate technique, and postbiopsy preparation and handling. This review discusses the approaches of the hand surgeon and orthopedic oncologist to a soft tissue mass in the hand and clarifies the term biopsy...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906617/the-effect-of-psychosocial-measures-of-resilience-and-self-efficacy-in-patients-with-neck-and-lower-back-pain
#10
Shaan A Ahmed, Govind Shantharam, Adam E M Eltorai, Davis A Hartnett, Avi Goodman, Alan H Daniels
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Psychosocial risk factors may predispose to progression of back and neck pain to chronic pain or disability. Resilience (the ability to recover from stress) and pain self-efficacy (confidence that one can perform daily activities despite pain) are important psychometric properties shown to affect health and illness. PURPOSE: To examine the relationships among resilience, pain self-efficacy, and disability in spine patients. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Prospective, single-center orthopedic spine clinic...
June 12, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904471/spectral-doppler-findings-in-a-rare-case-of-acute-compartment-syndrome-following-leg-burn
#11
Omer A Mahmoud, Mustafa Z Mahmoud
Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is an orthopedic emergency condition, which is rarely attributed to burns. It occurs when pressure in an enclosed space rises to a point where it reduces blood flow and impairs tissue perfusion. Its consequences often lead to ischemia and possible necrosis within that space. Until now, the use of Doppler assessment to explore different types of compartment syndrome has yielded contradictory findings. Here, we present a significant increase of blood flow velocity in the arteries proximal to the burned area...
April 2018: Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901771/preparedness-evaluation-of-french-military-orthopedic-surgeons-before-deployment
#12
Camille Choufani, Olivier Barbier, Aurélie Mayet, Sylvain Rigal, Laurent Mathieu
Introduction: A deployed military orthopedic surgeon is a trauma surgeon working in austere conditions. The first aim of this study was to analyze the current activity of French military orthopedic surgeons in the field and to identify the differences of the combat zone with their daily practice. The second aim was to assess the adequacy of the preparedness they received before their deployment and to identify additional needs that could be addressed in future training. Methods: An evaluation survey was sent to all French military orthopedic surgeons deployed in theaters of operations between 2004 and 2014...
June 13, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901651/intraoperative-sonography-may-reduce-the-risk-of-extensor-pollicis-longus-tendon-injury-during-dorsal-entry-elastic-intramedullary-nailing-of-the-radius-in-children
#13
Marcell Varga, Nikoletta Gáti, Tamás Kassai, Szilvia Papp, Sándor Pintér
Extensor pollicis longus tendon (EPL) injury is a potential complication of dorsal entry radial elastic nailing technique in children. The aim of this study was to investigate if intraoperative ultrasonographic guidance can reduce the risk of (EPL) injury.Correlation between sonographic and operative findings were examined first in 6 adult cadavers. Position of Lister's tubercle, EPL, and extraosseal end of the elastic nail were detected by ultrasound imaging during a minimally invasive dorsal entry nailing...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901592/the-heterogeneous-management-of-pediatric-ankle-traumas-a-retrospective-descriptive-study
#14
Philippe Voizard, James Moore, Stéphane Leduc, Marie-Lyne Nault
Frequent misdiagnosis of pediatric ankle traumas leads to inappropriate management, which may result in residual pain, instability, slower return to physical activity, and long-term degenerative changes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the consistency of diagnosis, management, and the treatment of acute lateral pediatric ankle trauma in a tertiary care pediatric hospital. The hypothesis was that the initial diagnosis is often incorrect, and the treatment varies considerably amongst orthopedic surgeons...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896018/mr-imaging-of-biocartilage-augmented-microfracture-surgery-utilizing-2d-mocart-and-koos-scores
#15
Aaron H Carter, Nicholas Guttierez, Ty K Subhawong, H T Temple, Bryson P Lesniak, Michael G Baraga, Jean Jose
Objectives: BioCartilage is a novel scaffold-based microfracture augmentation technique that has been shown to aid in chondrogenic differentiation of adult progenitor cells resulting in formation of more hyaline-like cartilage. As this cartilage repair technique becomes more commonplace, it is essential that the musculoskeletal radiologist and orthopedic surgeon gain familiarity with the surgical technique and its post-operative MR imaging findings. Methods: We present several case studies regarding MRI findings (modified clinical 2D MOCART) and clinical outcome (KOOS) scores in patients who have undergone this novel surgical procedure...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894220/internal-rotation-traction-radiograph-improves-proximal-femoral-fracture-classification-accuracy-and-agreement
#16
Bharti Khurana, Jacob C Mandell, Tatiana C Rocha, Maria Alejandra Duran-Mendicuti, Hamdi Jimale, Bernard Rosner, Mitchel B Harris, Aaron D Sodickson, Michael J Weaver
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the clinical utility of internal rotation traction radiography in the classification of proximal femoral fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study cohort included 78 consecutive patients who were surgically treated for a proximal femoral fracture and for whom preoperative physician-assisted internal rotation traction radiographs of the fractured hip were obtained in addition to standard radiographs. Two radiologists who were blinded to clinical information independently classified each fracture without the traction view and then with the traction view...
June 12, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889958/surgery-at-sea-the-effect-of-simulated-high-sea-states-on-surgical-performance
#17
Eric Pierce, Renato Rapada, Penelope Anne Herder, Anthony J LaPorta, Tuan N Hoang, Mathew Pena, Jeff Blankenship, Jeff Kiser, Sarah Ashley Catlin
BACKGROUND: The US Navy initiated design concepts for a Medical Mission Module Support Container (M3SC), a mobile operating room capable of rapid installation aboard maneuverable ships within proximity of active combat units. The M3SC provides an alternative echelon of care in the current trauma system by decreasing the time between point of injury, arrival, and surgical intervention. The mobile ships used as M3SC platforms, however, are more susceptible to oceanic conditions that can induce detrimental physiologic motion sickness in medical personnel and patients aboard the vessels...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889823/glove-perforation-in-orthopaedics-probability-of-tearing-gloves-during-high-risk-events-in-trauma-surgery
#18
Nikita Lakomkin, Aristides I Cruz, Peter D Fabricant, Andrew Georgiadis, J Todd R Lawrence
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of glove perforation during common maneuvers or events in trauma-related orthopedic surgical procedures. METHODS: Four investigators executed six high-risk maneuvers in a simulated laboratory setting. Alternative techniques were also performed for most maneuvers. Glove integrity was examined by two standard methods of fluid leak testing. The rates of perforation were compared between techniques using Chi-squared and Fisher's exact tests...
May 28, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889758/industry-payments-to-obstetricians-and-gynecologists-under-the-sunshine-act
#19
Tyler M Muffly, Whitney L Giamberardino, Joseph Guido, Robbie Weterings, Brittney Bastow, Jeanelle Sheeder
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate financial relationships between obstetrician-gynecologists (ob-gyns) and industry, including the prevalence, magnitude, and the nature of payments. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in which we obtained a list of industry contributions to U.S. obstetricians and gynecologists through the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Open Payments Database from August 1, 2013, to December 31, 2015. These data were cross-referenced with the entire cohort of practicing obstetricians and gynecologists, who were identified using the National Provider Identification database, because not all practicing ob-gyns received payments...
June 6, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889710/evidence-review-conducted-for-the-agency-for-healthcare-research-and-quality-safety-program-for-improving-surgical-care-and-recovery-focus-on-anesthesiology-for-total-knee-arthroplasty
#20
Ellen M Soffin, Melinda M Gibbons, Clifford Y Ko, Stephen L Kates, Elizabeth Wick, Maxime Cannesson, Michael J Scott, Christopher L Wu
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) has rapidly gained popularity in a variety of surgical subspecialities. A large body of literature suggests that ERAS leads to superior outcomes, improved patient satisfaction, reduced length of hospital stay, and cost benefits, without affecting rates of readmission after surgery. These patterns have been described for patients undergoing elective total knee arthroplasty (TKA); however, adoption of ERAS to orthopedic surgery has lagged behind other surgical disciplines...
June 8, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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