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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035980/incidence-of-symptomatic-pulmonary-embolus-and-deep-vein-thrombosis-after-knee-arthroscopy-in-the-pediatric-and-adolescent-population
#1
Brian C Lau, Jason Jagodzinski, Nirav K Pandya
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) after pediatric knee arthroscopy is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after knee arthroscopy in the pediatric and adolescent population in a high-volume center. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENTS: All patients who underwent arthroscopy of the knee for a sports-related injury by 2 surgeons were reviewed...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031873/does-specialty-matter-a-survey-on-176-italian-neurosurgeons-and-orthopaedic-spine-surgeons-confirms-similar-competency-for-common-spinal-conditions-and-supports-multidisciplinary-teams-in-comprehensive-and-complex-spinal-care
#2
Matteo Pejrona, Gabriele Ristori, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Fabrizio Ernesto Pregliasco, Pedro Berjano
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Spine surgery is a multi-faceted sub-speciality requiring a breadth of knowledge and skill from different branches of medicine for the treatment of pathologies varying from degenerative to deformity, oncological, and trauma. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the self-perceived competency of spine surgeons in relation to different types of spinal procedures. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Survey study. METHODS: We conducted a survey on 176 surgeons (Orthopaedic surgeons and Neurosurgeons)...
October 11, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031173/an-unusual-case-of-transpelvic-impalement-injury-a-case-report
#3
Mushrek Alani, Saeed Mahmood, Ayman El-Menyar, Sajid Atique, Hassan Al-Thani, Ruben Peralta
INTRODUCTION: Impalement injury is a rare type of mechanical injury following forceful insertion of projecting object into the body. Careful planning for removal of the impaling object is essential to decrease the blood loss and preserve the function of the injured organ. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 27 year-old male fell from 4m height over a U shaped projecting up metallic bar. The bar penetrated the left side of the pelvis and traversed through the left iliac bone causing a comminuted fracture in the supra-acetabular region extending to the left psoas muscle, injuring the viscera and causing fracture of the right femur...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019803/the-spot-gradetm-a-new-method-for-reproducibly-quantifying-surgical-wound-bleeding
#4
William D Spotnitz, Dirk Zielske, Valerie Centis, Rachel Hoffman, Daniel L Gillen, Catherine Wittmann, Vincent Guyot, Doris M Campos, Patricia Forest, Alan Pearson, Paul C McAfee
STUDY DESIGN: Benchtop model with prospective surgeon video testing. OBJECTIVE: To create a surface bleeding severity scale, the SPOT GRADE (SG), for quantitative assessment of target bleeding site (TBS) blood loss. This is of particular interest for spinal surgery due to epidural bleeding and an inability to use diathermy and radiofrequency cautery close to nerve roots. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: A novel apparatus perfusable at known flow rates and simulating different sized wounds was used to create movies to educate surgeons on specific degrees of bleeding...
October 10, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019535/what-is-the-ideal-working-length-for-bridge-plating-osteosynthesis-of-a-femoral-shaft-fracture-a-multinational-online-survey-evaluation
#5
Vincenzo Giordano, Roger Pletsch Paes, Gustavo Barbosa de-Queiroz, José Claudio Lira, William Dias Belangero, Robinson Esteves Santos Pires, Pedro José Labronici
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate how orthopedic surgeons in Latin America define the working length for distinct patterns of femoral shaft fracture. METHODS: a survey was developed presenting different options of working length in four femoral fracture patterns. The survey was submitted to the participants using Google Forms tool. The association between professional characteristics and medical management options according to each type of fracture was analyzed by Chi-square test, with 5% significance level...
July 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016439/examining-the-ability-of-artificial-neural-networks-machine-learning-models-to-accurately-predict-complications-following-posterior-lumbar-spine-fusion
#6
Jun S Kim, Robert K Merrill, Varun Arvind, Deepak Kaji, Sara D Pasik, Chuma C Nwachukwu, Luilly Vargas, Nebiyu S Osman, Eric K Oermann, John M Caridi, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional database study. OBJECTIVE: To train and validate machine learning models to identify risk factors for complications following posterior lumbar spine fusion. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Machine learning models such as artificial neural networks (ANNs) are valuable tools for analyzing and interpreting large and complex datasets. ANNs have yet to be used for risk factor analysis in orthopedic surgery. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database was queried for patients who underwent posterior lumbar spine fusion...
October 9, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983214/factors-associated-with-choice-and-success-of-one-versus-two-stage-revision-arthroplasty-for-infected-hip-and-knee-prostheses
#7
Lucas Castellani, Nick Daneman, Samira Mubareka, Richard Jenkinson
BACKGROUND: Prosthetic joint infections (PJI) of hip and knee arthroplasties are becoming increasingly common with an aging population and an increasing demand for these procedures. Despite attempts at standardization, medical and surgical approaches vary widely among practitioners. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We first sought to determine if there were specific factors associated with choice of one- versus two-stage revision. Then we investigated whether the type of revision approach influenced clinical treatment success...
October 2017: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982505/sports-cardiology-core-curriculum-for-providing-cardiovascular-care-to-competitive-athletes-and-highly-active-people
#8
REVIEW
Aaron L Baggish, Robert W Battle, James G Beckerman, Alfred A Bove, Rachel J Lampert, Benjamin D Levine, Mark S Link, Matthew W Martinez, Silvana M Molossi, Jack Salerno, Meagan M Wasfy, Rory B Weiner, Michael S Emery
The last few decades have seen substantial growth in the populations of competitive athletes and highly active people (CAHAP). Although vigorous physical exercise is an effective way to reduce the risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease, CAHAP remain susceptible to inherited and acquired CV disease, and may be most at risk for adverse CV outcomes during intense physical activity. Traditionally, multidisciplinary teams comprising athletic trainers, physical therapists, primary care sports medicine physicians, and orthopedic surgeons have provided clinical care for CAHAP...
October 10, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968480/topically-applied-epsilon-aminocaproic-acid-reduces-blood-loss-and-length-of-hospital-stay-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#9
Robert A Harper, Mark G Sucher, Mauro Giordani, Alexander J Nedopil
Perioperative blood loss after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) affects postoperative recovery. Tranexamic acid is safe and efficient in reducing blood loss without increasing thromboembolic events. Epsilon-aminocaproic acid (ε-ACA) is less expensive than and as safe as tranexamic acid. Its efficiency when locally applied in TKA is unknown. The authors retrospectively followed 240 consecutive patients treated by 1 surgeon with TKA from January 2012 to August 2016. From January 2013 to May 2015, the authors topically applied 5 g of ε-ACA to the open wound after tourniquet release and before closure (ε-ACA-after-tourniquet-release group)...
October 2, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968478/the-direct-anterior-approach-does-not-increase-return-to-function-following-hemiarthroplasty-for-femoral-neck-fracture
#10
Victor R Carlson, Alvin C Ong, Fabio R Orozco, Rex W Lutz, Andres F Duque, Zachary D Post
The purpose of this study was to evaluate functional outcomes for hemiarthroplasty using a direct anterior approach or a direct lateral approach for femoral neck fracture. This retrospective review used data collected from a single institution between 2006 and 2016. Eighty-five and 75 consecutive patients who underwent hemiarthroplasty via a direct anterior approach and a direct lateral approach, respectively, met inclusion criteria. All patients with femoral neck fractures were treated by 1 of 2 fellowship-trained orthopedic surgeons using the direct anterior approach or the direct lateral approach to hemiarthroplasty...
October 2, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968476/effect-of-pedicle-fill-on-axial-pullout-strength-in-spinal-fixation-after-rod-reduction
#11
Kevin Albanese, Nathaniel R Ordway, Stephen A Albanese, William F Lavelle
Rod reduction to pedicle screws is used for a variety of spinal fixation procedures; however, it can alter the integrity of the screw-bone interface. The authors investigated the effect of pedicle fill (ratio of pedicle screw diameter to pedicle diameter) on the strength of the screw-bone interface after simulated rod reduction on 17 vertebrae (3 thoracolumbar spine specimens). Pedicle diameter was measured with standard clinical computed tomography scan protocols. The authors determined the minimum pedicle diameter for each level...
October 2, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968475/arthroscopic-cortical-button-stabilization-of-isolated-acute-neer-type-ii-fractures-of-the-distal-clavicle
#12
Matthew H Blake, Michael T Lu, Brandon S Shulman, David L Glaser, G Russell Huffman
Neer type II distal clavicle fractures are inherently unstable. The purpose of this study was to review the outcome of Neer type II distal clavicle fractures arthroscopically treated using a suspensory cortical button technique. Between 2008 and 2012, a total of 17 Neer type IIB fractures were managed operatively at the authors' institution. Functional outcomes were assessed using the pain score, the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand score, the Penn Shoulder Score, and the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score...
October 2, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968473/fracture-severity-based-on-classification-does-not-predict-outcome-following-proximal-humerus-fracture
#13
Nina D Fisher, James M Barger, Adam S Driesman, Rebekah Belayneh, Sanjit R Konda, Kenneth A Egol
This study was conducted to determine whether proximal humerus fracture patterns as defined by the Orthopaedic Trauma Association (AO/OTA) classification and the Neer 4-part system predicted functional outcomes for patients treated with open reduction and internal fixation with locked plates and, if so, which system correlated better with outcomes. During a 12-year period, 213 patients with a displaced proximal humerus fracture who underwent surgical treatment with a locking plate at 1 academic institution were prospectively followed...
October 2, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966376/current-concepts-in-sports-injury-rehabilitation
#14
Himmat Dhillon, Sidak Dhilllon, Mandeep S Dhillon
In the modern era, rehabilitation after sports injury has become a domain for specialists, and its evolution has necessarily brought together the sports physiotherapist, the sports physician, and the orthopedic surgeon. The changing profile of sports related injury, as well as limited availability of facilities for rehabilitation in many areas of India, is a matter of concern. Elite sportspersons have some protection, but the average athlete is often left to fend for himself. Key factors in successful sports injury rehabilitation protocols are the application of modern rehabilitation protocols under appropriate supervision, appropriate and well timed surgical interventions, and judicious and need based use of pharmaceutical agents...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965314/tantalum-in-type-iv-and-v-paprosky-periprosthetic-acetabular-fractures-surgery-in-paprosky-type-iv-and-v-periprosthetic-acetabular-fractures-surgery
#15
G Falzarano, A Piscopo, G Rollo, A Medici, P Grubor, M Bisaccia, V Pipola, R Cioffi, F Nobile, L Meccariello
PURPOSE: Periprosthetic acetabular fractures represent a growing and serious complication of total hip arthroplasty (THA). The purpose of the study is to report our experience in the use of tantalum for the treatment of Paprosky type IV and V periprosthetic acetabular fractures. METHOD: We analyzed 24 patients with type IV and V periprosthetic acetabular fractures. Patients were treated with a revision surgery using tantalum components, in some cases in association with posterior plating...
September 30, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955174/intra-and-inter-observer-agreement-in-the-ao-and-garnavos-systems-for-diaphyseal-humerus-fracture
#16
Roberto Meriqui, Rodrigo Yuzo Masuda, Artur Yudi Utino, Rafael Pierami, Fábio Teruo Matsunaga, Marcel Jun Sugawara Tamaoki
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare inter- and intra-observer agreement using the Garnavos and AO/ASIF systems for classifying humeral diaphysis fractures . METHODS: Eighty X-ray images taken of humeral diaphysis fractures in adult patients (age≥18 years) between January 2013 and September 2015 in the Radiology Department of Hospital São Paulo were selected for subsequent classification by five orthopedic surgeons with differing levels of experience...
July 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954524/impact-of-computed-tomography-on-operative-planning-for-ankle-fractures-involving-the-posterior-malleolus
#17
Steven Donohoe, R Kiran Alluri, J Ryan Hill, Mark Fleming, Eric Tan, Geoffrey Marecek
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to (1) Determine the effect of computed tomography (CT) on identification of fractures involving the posterior malleolus, (2) determine its effect on operative indications, and (3) determine its effect on the overall operative plan. METHODS: Patients with ankle fractures involving the posterior malleolus were identified. Only injuries with complete preoperative plain radiographs and a CT scan were included. Spiral tibia fractures and pilon variants were excluded...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953726/a-comparative-study-of-the-aesthetic-outcome-of-two-techniques-for-unilateral-complete-cleft-lip-repair
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Georgina S A Phillips, Marc C Swan, Adam R Sawyer, Tim E E Goodacre, Michael Cadier
BACKGROUND: Cleft lip repair aims to create symmetric nasolabial morphology with minimal scarring. Poor aesthetic outcomes may have damaging psychosocial implications. Determining the optimal method of recreating lip symmetry is a major goal of applied cleft clinical research. This study aims to determine whether subjective assessment could differentiate aesthetic outcome between two surgeons who use two different surgical techniques for unilateral cleft lip repair. METHODS: Surgeon A uses a modified rotation-advancement technique incorporating a supra-white roll flap and Noordhoff-style vermilion flap...
October 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946893/risk-factors-for-retear-of-large-massive-rotator-cuff-tears-after-arthroscopic-surgery-an-analysis-of-tearing-patterns
#19
Hisao Shimokobe, Masafumi Gotoh, Hirokazu Honda, Hidehiro Nakamura, Yasuhiro Mitsui, Tatsuyuki Kakuma, Takahiro Okawa, Naoto Shiba
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have evaluated the risk factors for retear of large/massive rotator cuff tears (RCTs) that were treated arthroscopically; however, most studies did not evaluate tear patterns. The present study hypothesized that postoperative risk factors are affected by the tearing patterns in large/massive cuff tears in patients undergoing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR). METHODS: One hundred fifty patients with large/massive cuff tears underwent ARCR at our institution...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946892/comparison-of-supercapsular-percutaneously-assisted-approach-total-hip-versus-conventional-posterior-approach-for-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Jun Xie, Hongxi Zhang, Lei Wang, Xiang Yao, Zhanpeng Pan, Qinyi Jiang
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) has been one of the most successful orthopedic procedures over the past 30 years. Nowadays, the techniques of exposure for THA have undergone great changes, allowing surgeons to perform THA through mini-incisions. Recently, a novel minimally invasive surgical technique of the supercapsular percutaneously assisted total hip arthroplasty was reported in 2011. The purpose of this study was to compare the SuperPath approach with the conventional posterior approach, in terms early outcomes and radiologic results...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
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