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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345286/cyclooxygenase-2-expression-is-induced-by-celecoxib-treatment-in-lung-cancer-cells-and-is-transferred-to-neighbor-cells-via-exosomes
#1
Jayoung Kim, Seung-Woo Hong, Seonghan Kim, Daejin Kim, Dae Young Hur, Dong-Hoon Jin, Bomi Kim, Yeong Seok Kim
Lung cancer is one of most common types of cancer worldwide. Lung cancer results in a death higher rate each year compared to colon, breast and prostate cancer combined. Celecoxib is a selective inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX‑2), an enzyme of which the expression is induced by various stimuli, such as inflammation. In addition, celecoxib triggers COX-2 loading on exosomes. Exosomes are small vesicles composed of a lipid bilayer membrane and are found in most biological fluids, such as blood breast milk and urine...
February 2018: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344672/histone-deacetylase-inhibitor-trichostatin-a-and-autophagy-inhibitor-chloroquine-synergistically-exert-anti-tumor-activity-in-h-ras-transformed-breast-epithelial-cells
#2
Liang Gao, Xin Sun, Qi Zhang, Xiaochen Chen, Tongwei Zhao, Liqing Lu, Jianbin Zhang, Yupeng Hong
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) cause oncogene‑transformed mammalian cell death. Our previous study indicated that HDACIs activate forkhead box O1 (FOXO1) and induce autophagy in liver and colon cancer cells. However, whether FOXO1 is involved in HDACI‑mediated oncogene‑transformed mammalian cell death remains unclear. In the present study, H‑ras transformed MCF10A cells were used to investigate the role of FOXO1 in this pathway. Results showed that trichostatin A (TSA), a HDACI, activated apoptosis in MCF10A‑ras cells, but not in MCF10A cells...
January 17, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342230/metformin-as-an-anti-cancer-agent-actions-and-mechanisms-targeting-cancer-stem-cells
#3
Nipun Saini, Xiaohe Yang
Metformin, a first line medication for type II diabetes, initially entered the spotlight as a promising anti-cancer agent due to epidemiologic reports that found reduced cancer risk and improved clinical outcomes in diabetic patients taking metformin. To uncover the anti-cancer mechanisms of metformin, preclinical studies determined that metformin impairs cellular metabolism and suppresses oncogenic signaling pathways, including receptor tyrosine kinase, PI3K/Akt, and mTOR pathways. Recently, the anti-cancer potential of metformin has gained increasing interest due to its inhibitory effects on cancer stem cells (CSCs), which are associated with tumor metastasis, drug resistance, and relapse...
October 7, 2017: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341112/conditionally-reprogrammed-cells-crc-methodology-does-not-allow-the-in-vitro-expansion-of-patient-derived-primary-and-metastatic-lung-cancer-cells
#4
Giovanni Sette, Valentina Salvati, Ilenia Giordani, Emanuela Pillozzi, Denise Quacquarini, Enrico Duranti, Francesca De Nicola, Matteo Pallocca, Maurizio Fanciulli, Mario Falchi, Roberto Pallini, Ruggero De Maria, Adriana Eramo
Availability of tumor and non-tumor patient-derived models would promote the development of more effective therapeutics for Non Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC). Recently, conditionally reprogrammed cells (CRC) methodology demonstrated exceptional potential for the expansion of epithelial cells from patient tissues. However, the possibility to expand patient-derived lung cancer cells using CRC protocols is controversial. Here, we used CRC approach to expand cells from non-tumoral and tumor biopsies of patients with primary or metastatic NSCLC as well as pulmonary metastases of colorectal or breast cancers...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340396/synthesis-and-antiproliferative-activity-of-a-series-of-new-platinum-and-palladium-diphosphane-complexes
#5
Carleen Cullinane, Glen B Deacon, Penny R Drago, Anja P Erven, Peter C Junk, Jenny Luu, Gerd Meyer, Simon Schmitz, Ingo Ott, Julia Schur, Lorraine K Webster, Axel Klein
New organometallic complexes [M(dppe)(R)2] {where M = Pt or Pd, dppe = 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphano)ethane, and R = C6F4H-x (x = 6,5,4), C6F3H2-3,5, C6F3H2-5,6, C6F3H2-3,6, C6F4(OMe)-4, and C6F4(cyclo-C5H10N)-4, the numbers x refer to the positions of the protons in the polyfluoroaryl ligands} were synthesised either through transmetalation from the dichlorido complexes [M(dppe)Cl2] or through ligand exchange using [M(diene)Cl2] precursor complexes with diene = 1,5-cyclooctadiene (cod) or 1,5-hexadiene (hex). Alternatively, [M(dppX)Cl(R)] complexes with dppX = dppm (1,1-bis(diphenylphosphano)methane), dppe, dppp (1,3-bis(diphenylphosphano)propane), and dppb (1,4-bis(diphenylphosphano)butane) were prepared in decarboxylation reactions from thallium(i) carboxylates Tl(O2CR)...
January 17, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340103/anti-neoplastic-drugs-increase-caveolin-1-dependent-migration-invasion-and-metastasis-of-cancer-cells
#6
Natalia I Díaz-Valdivia, Claudia C Calderón, Jorge E Díaz, Lorena Lobos-González, Hugo Sepulveda, Rina J Ortíz, Samuel Martinez, Veronica Silva, Horacio J Maldonado, Patricio Silva, Sergio Wehinger, Verónica A Burzio, Vicente A Torres, Martín Montecino, Lisette Leyton, Andrew F G Quest
Expression of the scaffolding protein Caveolin-1 (CAV1) enhances migration and invasion of metastatic cancer cells. Yet, CAV1 also functions as a tumor suppressor in early stages of cancer, where expression is suppressed by epigenetic mechanisms. Thus, we sought to identify stimuli/mechanisms that revert epigenetic CAV1 silencing in cancer cells and evaluate how this affects their metastatic potential. We reasoned that restricted tissue availability of anti-neoplastic drugs during chemotherapy might expose cancer cells to sub-therapeutic concentrations, which activate signaling pathways and the expression of CAV1 to favor the acquisition of more aggressive traits...
December 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339259/perturbations-of-the-gut-microbiome-genes-in-infants-with-atopic-dermatitis-according-to-feeding-type
#7
Min-Jung Lee, Mi-Jin Kang, So-Yeon Lee, Eun Lee, Kangjin Kim, Sungho Won, Dong In Suh, Kyung Won Kim, Youn Ho Sheen, Kangmo Ahn, Bong-Soo Kim, Soo-Jong Hong
BACKGROUND: Perturbations of the infant gut microbiota can shape the development of the immune system and link to the risk of allergic diseases. OBJECTIVE: To understand the role of the gut microbiome in atopic dermatitis, the metagenome of the infant gut microbiome was analyzed according to feeding types. METHODS: The composition of gut microbiota was analyzed in fecal samples from 129 infants (6-month-old) by pyrosequencing, including 66 healthy infants and 63 infants with atopic dermatitis...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338072/targeting-her2-in-colorectal-cancer-the-landscape-of-amplification-and-short-variant-mutations-in-erbb2-and-erbb3
#8
Jeffrey S Ross, Marwan Fakih, Siraj M Ali, Julia A Elvin, Alexa B Schrock, James Suh, Jo-Anne Vergilio, Shakti Ramkissoon, Eric Severson, Sugganth Daniel, David Fabrizio, Garrett Frampton, James Sun, Vincent A Miller, Philip J Stephens, Laurie M Gay
BACKGROUND: In contrast to lung cancer, few precision treatments are available for colorectal cancer (CRC). One rapidly emerging treatment target in CRC is ERBB2 (human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 [HER2]). Oncogenic alterations in HER2, or its dimerization partner HER3, can underlie sensitivity to HER2-targeted therapies. METHODS: In this study, 8887 CRC cases were evaluated by comprehensive genomic profiling for genomic alterations in 315 cancer-related genes, tumor mutational burden, and microsatellite instability...
January 16, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337987/identification-of-a-noncanonical-function-for-ribose-5-phosphate-isomerase-a-promotes-colorectal-cancer-formation-by-stabilizing-and-activating-%C3%AE-catenin-via-a-novel-c-terminal-domain
#9
Yu-Ting Chou, Jeng-Kai Jiang, Muh-Hwa Yang, Jeng-Wei Lu, Hua-Kuo Lin, Horng-Dar Wang, Chiou-Hwa Yuh
Altered metabolism is one of the hallmarks of cancers. Deregulation of ribose-5-phosphate isomerase A (RPIA) in the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) is known to promote tumorigenesis in liver, lung, and breast tissues. Yet, the molecular mechanism of RPIA-mediated colorectal cancer (CRC) is unknown. Our study demonstrates a noncanonical function of RPIA in CRC. Data from the mRNAs of 80 patients' CRC tissues and paired nontumor tissues and protein levels, as well as a CRC tissue array, indicate RPIA is significantly elevated in CRC...
January 16, 2018: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337876/microenvironment-stimuli-hgf-and-hypoxia-differently-affected-mir-125b-and-ets-1-function-with-opposite-effects-on-the-invasiveness-of-bone-metastatic-cells-a-comparison-with-breast-carcinoma-cells
#10
Emanuela Matteucci, Paola Maroni, Francesco Nicassio, Francesco Ghini, Paola Bendinelli, Maria Alfonsina Desiderio
We examined the influence of microenvironment stimuli on molecular events relevant to the biological functions of 1833-bone metastatic clone and the parental MDA-MB231 cells. (i) In both the cell lines, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and the osteoblasts' biological products down regulated nuclear Ets-1-protein level in concomitance with endogenous miR-125b accumulation. In contrast, under hypoxia nuclear Ets-1 was unchanged, notwithstanding the miR-125b increase. (ii) Also, the 1833-cell invasiveness and the expression of Endothelin-1, the target gene of Ets-1/HIF-1, showed opposite patterns under HGF and hypoxia...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337677/synthesis-and-cytotoxicity-evaluation-of-thiazole-derivatives-obtained-from-2-amino-4-5-6-7-tetrahydrobenzo-b-thiophene-3-carbonitrile
#11
Rafat M Mohareb, Amira E M Abdallah, Ebtsam A Ahmed
Reactivity of 2-amino-4,5,6,7-tetrahydrobenzo[b]thiophene-3- carbonitrile towards thioglycolic acid resulted in thiazole derivative 1. The latter reacted with different chemical reagents to give thiazole, pyrano[2,3-d]thiazole and thiazolo[ 4,5-d]thiazole derivatives. Cytotoxicity effects of the newly synthesized products against six cancer cell lines, namely, human gastric cancer (NUGC), human colon cancer (DLD- 1), human liver cancer (HA22T and HEPG-2), human breast cancer (MCF) and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (HONE-1) as well as against a normal fibroblast cell (WI-38) were evaluated...
December 20, 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337675/synthesis-and-evaluation-of-antitumor-activity-of-new-4-substituted-thieno-3-2-d-pyrimidine-and-thienotriazolopyrimidine-derivatives
#12
Hend N Hafez, Abdel-Rhman B A El-Gazzar
3-Methyl-6-phenyl-2-thioxo-2,3-dihydrothieno[3,2-d]pyrimidin- 4(1H)-one (2), on treatment with phosphorous oxychoride, affored 4-chloro-3-methyl-6-phenyl -thieno[3,2-d]pyrimidine- 2(3H)-thione (3). A series of novel 6-phenyl-thieno[3,2-d]pyrimidine derivatives 4-9 bearing different functional groups were synthesized via treatment of compound 3 with different reagents. On the other hand, compound 2 was used to synthesize ethyl-[(3-methyl-6-phenyl-2-thioxo-2,3-dihydrothieno[ 3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)-oxy]acetate (10), 2-hydrazinyl- -3-methyl-6-phenyl-thieno[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4(3H)-one (11), 3-methyl-2-(methyl-sulfanyl)-6-phenyl-thieno[3,2-d]pyrimidin- 4(3H)-one (12) and N-(phenyl)/4-chlorophenyl or methoxy- phenyl)-2-[(3-methyl-4-oxo-6-phenyl-3,4-dihydrothieno[ 3,2-d]pyrimidin-2-yl)-sulfanyl]-acetamide (13a-c)...
December 20, 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335212/synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-novel-bavachinin-analogs-as-anticancer-agents
#13
Nidhi Gupta, Arem Qayum, Arun Raina, Ravi Shankar, Sumeet Gairola, Shashank Singh, Payare L Sangwan
A library of 28 analogs of bavachinin including aliphatic and aromatic ethers, epoxide, chalcone, oxime, semicarbazide, oxime ether and triazole derivatives have been synthesized and evaluated for cytotoxicity against four different human cancer cell lines. Bio-evaluation studies exhibited better cytotoxic profile for many analogs compare to bavachinin. Best results were observed for a 1,2,3-triazole analog (17i) with IC50 values 7.72, 16.08, 7.13 and 11.67 μM against lung (A549), prostate (PC-3), colon (HCT-116) and breast (MCF-7) cancer cell lines respectively...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335201/antitumor-activity-of-pyrrolizines-and-their-cu-ii-complexes-design-synthesis-and-cytotoxic-screening-with-potential-apoptosis-inducing-activity
#14
Ahmed M Gouda, Hoda A El-Ghamry, Tahani M Bawazeer, Thoraya A Farghaly, Ashraf N Abdalla, Akhmed Aslam
Two novel series including Schiff bases of the pyrrolizine-5-carboxamides and their Cu(II) complexes were designed, synthesized and analysed using spectral and analytical techniques. The analytical results indicated the formation of the complexes in 1:1 or 1:2 (Metal:Ligand) ratio. The geometry around the Cu centers was confirmed to be tetrahedral or octahedral. The cytotoxic activity of the new compounds was evaluated using MCF-7 (human breast adenocarcinoma), A2780 (human ovary adenocarcinoma) and HT29 (human colon adenocarcinoma), in addition to MRC5 (normal human fetal lung fibroblast) cells using the MTT cytotoxicity assay...
January 6, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334922/relative-contribution-of-various-chronic-diseases-and-multi-morbidity-to-potential-disability-among-dutch-elderly
#15
Riaan Botes, Karin M Vermeulen, Janine Correia, Erik Buskens, Fanny Janssen
BACKGROUND: The amount of time spent living with disease greatly influences elderly people's wellbeing, disability and healthcare costs, but differs by disease, age and sex. METHODS: We assessed how various single and combined diseases differentially affect life years spent living with disease in Dutch elderly men and women (65+) over their remaining life course. Multistate life table calculations were applied to age and sex-specific disease prevalence, incidence and death rates for the Netherlands in 2007...
January 15, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334243/facile-synthesis-of-simple-2-oxindole-based-compounds-with-promising-antiproliferative-activity
#16
Riham F George
AIM: Discovery of novel potent anticancer agents with lower side effects is a challenge to overcome cancer, the second leading cause of death. METHODOLOGY: 2-oxindole-based hydrazides (6a-g) and benzenesulfonyl hydrazides (9a-d) were synthesized by simple condensation reactions of the appropriate hydrazides (2a-g) or (8a-d) with 1-ethyl-2,3-oxindolinedione (4). They were screened for their cytotoxicity against HepG2 (liver), MCF-7 (breast), HCT116 (colon) and A549 (lung) cancer cell lines...
January 15, 2018: Future Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333049/marine-derived-fungi-extracts-enhance-the-cytotoxic-activity-of-doxorubicin-in-nonsmall-cell-lung-cancer-cells-a459
#17
Bruno Castro-Carvalho, Alice A Ramos, Maria Prata-Sena, Fernanda Malhão, Márcia Moreira, Daniela Gargiulo, Tida Dethoup, Suradet Buttachon, Anake Kijjoa, Eduardo Rocha
Background: Drug resistance is a major concern in the current chemotherapeutic approaches and the combination with natural compounds may enhance the cytotoxic effects of the anticancer drugs. Therefore, this study evaluated the cytotoxicity of crude ethyl extracts of six marine-derived fungi - Neosartorya tsunodae KUFC 9213 (E1), Neosartorya laciniosa KUFC 7896 (E2), Neosartorya fischeri KUFC 6344 (E3), Aspergillus similanensis KUFA 0013 (E4), Neosartorya paulistensis KUFC 7894 (E5), and Talaromyces trachyspermum KUFC 0021 (E6) - when combined with doxorubicin (Dox), in seven human cancer cell lines...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332183/identification-of-n-arylsulfonylpyrimidones-as-anticancer-agents
#18
Santhosh Subramanian, Pulla Reddy Boggu, Jieun Yun, Sang-Hun Jung
For confirming the role of five membered ring of imidazolidinone moiety of N-arylsulfonylimidazolidinones (7) previously reported with highly potent anticancer agent, a series of N-arylsulfonylpyrimidones (10a-g) and N-arylsulfonyltetrahydropyrimidones (11a-e) were prepared and their anti-proliferating activity was measured against human cancer cell lines (renal ACHN, colon HCT-15, breast MDA-MB-231, lung NCI-H23, stomach NUGC-3, and prostate PC-3) using XTT assay. Among them, 1-(1-acetylindolin-5-ylsulfonyl)-4-phenyltetrahydropyrimidin-2(1H)-one (11d, mean GI50 = 3...
January 13, 2018: Archives of Pharmacal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330379/identification-of-shared-genetic-variants-between-schizophrenia-and-lung-cancer
#19
Verena Zuber, Erik G Jönsson, Oleksandr Frei, Aree Witoelar, Wesley K Thompson, Andrew J Schork, Francesco Bettella, Yunpeng Wang, Srdjan Djurovic, Olav B Smeland, Ingrid Dieset, Ayman H Fanous, Rahul S Desikan, Sébastien Küry, Stéphane Bézieau, Anders M Dale, Ian G Mills, Ole A Andreassen
Epidemiology studies suggest associations between schizophrenia and cancer. However, the underlying genetic mechanisms are not well understood, and difficult to identify from epidemiological data. We investigated if there is a shared genetic architecture between schizophrenia and cancer, with the aim to identify specific overlapping genetic loci. First, we performed genome-wide enrichment analysis and second, we analyzed specific loci jointly associated with schizophrenia and cancer by the conjunction false discovery rate...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329364/downregulation-of-drp1-a-fission-regulator-is-associated-with-human-lung-and-colon-cancers
#20
Young Yeon Kim, Seong-Hoon Yun, Jeanho Yun
Dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1), a dynamin-related GTPase, is a key regulator of mitochondrial fission. Although recent studies have shown that Drp1 plays important roles in various important cellular processes, such as maintaining proper mitochondrial function, apoptosis and necrosis, the potential involvement of Drp1 in cancer development has not been fully addressed. To explore the role of Drp1 in cancer, we examined Drp1 levels in various human cancer tissues. Tissue array analysis showed that the level of Drp1 was decreased significantly in malignant colon and lung cancer tissues, whereas no change in Drp1 was observed in breast and prostate tumors...
January 10, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
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