keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

breast. colon

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913437/surface-expression-of-tgf%C3%AE-docking-receptor-garp-promotes-oncogenesis-and-immune-tolerance-in-breast-cancer
#1
Alessandra Metelli, Bill X Wu, Caroline W Fugle, Saleh Rachidi, Shaoli Sun, Yongliang Zhang, Jennifer Wu, Stephen Tomlinson, Philip H Howe, Yi Yang, Elizabeth Garrett-Mayer, Bei Liu, Zihai Li
GARP encoded by the Lrrc32 gene is the cell surface docking receptor for latent TGFβ, which is expressed naturally by platelets and regulatory T cells (Treg). Although Lrrc32 is amplified frequently in breast cancer, the expression and relevant functions of GARP in cancer have not been explored. Here, we report that GARP exerts oncogenic effects, promoting immune tolerance by enriching and activating latent TGFβ in the tumor microenvironment. We found that human breast, lung, and colon cancers expressed GARP aberrantly...
October 20, 2016: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911904/dressing-wear-time-after-breast-reconstruction-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Daniela Francescato Veiga, Carlos Américo Veiga Damasceno, Joel Veiga-Filho, Luiz Francisley Paiva, Fernando Elias Martins Fonseca, Isaías Vieira Cabral, Natália Lana Larcher Pinto, Yara Juliano, Lydia Masako Ferreira
BACKGROUND: The evidence to support dressing standards for breast surgery wounds is empiric and scarce. OBJECTIVE: This two-arm randomized clinical trial was designed to assess the effect of dressing wear time on surgical site infection (SSI) rates, skin colonization and patient perceptions. METHODS: A total of 200 breast cancer patients undergoing breast reconstruction were prospectively enrolled. Patients were randomly allocated to group I (dressing removed on the first postoperative day, n = 100) or group II (dressing removed on the sixth postoperative day, n = 100)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911711/diaphanous-related-formin-1-as-a-target-for-tumor-therapy
#3
REVIEW
Yuan-Na Lin, Sabine Windhorst
Formins nucleate actin and stabilize microtubules (MTs). Expression of the formin Diaphanous homolog 1 (DIAPH1) is increased in malignant colon carcinoma cells, while expression of DIAPH3 is up-regulated in breast and prostate carcinoma cells. Both DIAPH1 isoforms are required to stabilize interphase MTs of cancer cells, and it has been shown that loss of this function decreases the metastatic potential of these cells. Moreover, depletion of DIAPH3 increases the sensitivity of breast and prostate carcinoma cells to taxanes...
October 15, 2016: Biochemical Society Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911233/elevated-preoperative-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-as-a-predictor-of-worse-survival-after-resection-in-patients-with-brain-metastasis
#4
Koichi Mitsuya, Yoko Nakasu, Takeshi Kurakane, Nakamasa Hayashi, Hideyuki Harada, Kazuhiko Nozaki
OBJECTIVE The median postoperative survival duration of patients with brain metastases who undergo tumor resection is 12 months. Most of these patients die of systemic metastases or the progression of primary cancer but not brain metastases. The criteria for indicating resection are still controversial. Systemic assessment is restricted, especially in patients who need emergent management for their large-size or life-threatening brain metastases. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is reported to correlate with survival time or progression-free survival in patients with various cancers...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909956/docking-and-three-dimensional-quantitative-structure-activity-relationship-analyses-of-imidazole-and-thiazolidine-derivatives-as-aurora-a-kinase-inhibitors
#5
Chaeuk Im
Aurora A kinase is involved in the inactivation of apoptosis leading to ovarian, breast, colon, and pancreatic cancers. Inhibitors of Aurora A kinase promote aberrant mitosis resulting in arrest at a pseudo G1 state to induce mitotic catastrophe, ultimately leading to apoptosis. In this study, ligand-based and docking-based three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D-QSAR) analyses of imidazole and thiazolidine derivatives as potential Aurora A kinase inhibitors were performed. The results provided highly reliable and predictive 3D-QSAR comparative molecular similarity index analysis (CoMSIA) models with a cross-validated q(2) value of 0...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909911/obesity-as-an-avoidable-cause-of-cancer-attributable-risks
#6
Andrew G Renehan, Isabelle Soerjomataram
Excess body weight, commonly categorised as overweight (body mass index, BMI 25.0-29.9 kg/m(2)) and obesity (BMI ≥30 kg/m(2)) is an established risk factor for increased incidence of several adult cancers. As body weight is modifiable, there is a potential for cancer prevention. Calculation of attributable risk (here expressed at population attributable fraction, PAF) offers an estimate of the burden of excess cancers attributable to elevated BMI in populations, and thus an approximation of avoidable cases and the opportunity for prevention...
2016: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908924/excess-weight-as-a-risk-factor-common-to-many-cancer-sites-words-of-caution-when-interpreting-meta-analytic-evidence
#7
Melina Arnold, Andrew G Renehan, Graham A Colditz
For over a decade, excess body weight, commonly categorized as overweight (body mass index, BMI: 25.0 to 29.9 kg/m2) and obesity (BMI: ≥ 30 kg/m2) has been an established incidence risk factor for several adult cancers (1). For 2012, the burden of disease attributed to elevated BMI was estimated as nearly half-million new cancers worldwide, making this the third highest ranked cancer risk factor globally after smoking and infections (ranked second in most western populations) and an important public health problem (2, 3)...
December 1, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904404/phenolic-composition-antioxidant-capacity-and-in-vitro-cytotoxicity-assessment-of-fruit-wines
#8
Ana Ljevar, Natka Ćurko, Marina Tomašević, Kristina Radošević, Višnja Gaurina Srček, Karin Kovačević Ganić
Fruit wines contain a wide range of phenolic compounds with biological effects, but their composition and potential benefits to human health have been studied to the much lesser extent compared to grape wines. The aim of this research is to study the phenolic profile of different types of fruit wines and to evaluate their antioxidant and biological potential. Commercially available fruit wines from blackberry, cherry, raspberry, blackcurrant, strawberry and apple produced in Croatia were analyzed. To the best of our knowledge, this study represents the first comprehensive screening of Croatian fruit wines...
June 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902314/newcastle-disease-virus-degrades-hif-1%C3%AE-through-proteasomal-pathways-independent-of-vhl-and-p53
#9
Noraini Abd-Aziz, Eric Stanbridge, Norazizah Shafee
Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is a candidate agent for oncolytic virotherapy. Despite its potential, the exact mechanism of its oncolysis is still not known. Recently, we reported that NDV exhibited an increased oncolytic activity in hypoxic cancer cells. These types of cells negatively affect therapeutic outcome by overexpressing pro-survival genes under the control of the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF). HIF-1 is a heterodimeric transcriptional factor consisting of a regulated alpha (HIF-1α) and a constitutive beta subunit (HIF-1β)...
October 6, 2016: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900359/homozygous-inactivation-of-chek2-is-linked-to-a-familial-case-of-multiple-primary-lung-cancer-with-accompanying-cancers-in-other-organs
#10
Yoji Kukita, Jiro Okami, Noriko Yoneda-Kato, Ikuko Nakamae, Takeshi Kawabata, Masahiko Higashiyama, Junya Kato, Ken Kodama, Kikuya Kato
In clinical practice, there are a number of cancer patients with clear family histories, but the patients lack mutations in known familial cancer syndrome genes. Recent advances in genomic technologies have enhanced the possibility of identifying causative genes in such cases. Two siblings, an elder sister and a younger brother, were found to have multiple primary lung cancers at the age of 60. The former subsequently developed breast cancer and had a history of uterine myoma. The latter had initially developed prostate cancer at the age of 59 and had a history of colon cancer...
November 2016: Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899258/characterization-of-bioactive-constituents-from-the-gum-resin-of-gardenia-lucida-and-its-pharmacological-potential
#11
Priyanka Maurya, Shilpi Singh, Madan Mohan Gupta, Suaib Luqman
In the present study we mined the information on Gardenia lucida (Dikamali) and identified seven polymethoxyflavones from its gum resin. We also investigated its antiproliferative and antioxidant potential. Xanthomicrol (8) found as potent DPPH scavenger (85.86±1.3%) along with strong ferric plummeting ability (53.60±2.0 FSE) and reducing potential (1.07±0.01) as compared to ascorbic acid. Gardenin B (5) strongly inhibit biochemical production of nitric oxide (IC50 10.59±0.4μg/mL) followed by 5-Desmethylnobiletin (7) and Gardenin E (10, IC5011...
November 26, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895741/the-prognostic-significance-of-estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#12
Kresimir Grsic, Iva Ledinsky Opacic, Sanda Sitic, Marija Milkovic Perisa, Petar Suton, Bozena Sarcevic
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the fifth most common cancer in the world. Although multimodal and targeted therapy is now used in therapeutic procedures, the survival of patients with HNSCC has remained unchanged over the last 30 years. A number of studies have demonstrated that the increased expression of intranuclear ERβ in breast, lung and colon cancer is a favorable prognostic marker associated with higher survival rates. However, the clinical significance of sex hormone receptors in HNSCC remains unclear...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895316/investigating-cytokinesis-failure-as-a-strategy-in-cancer-therapy
#13
Callum McKenzie, Pier Paolo D'Avino
Effective therapeutics exploit common characteristics shared amongst cancers. As many cancers present chromosomal instability (CIN), one possible approach to treat these cancers could be to increase their CIN above a threshold that would affect their viability. Here, we investigated whether causing polyploidy by cytokinesis failure could represent a useful approach. We show that cytokinesis failure caused by depletion of Citron kinase (CIT-K) dramatically decreased cell proliferation in breast, cervical and colorectal cancer cells...
November 24, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894956/disulfiram-induces-anoikis-and-suppresses-lung-colonization-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer-via-calpain-activation
#14
Ji Young Kim, Nahyun Lee, Yoon-Jae Kim, Youngkwan Cho, Hyunsook An, Eunhye Oh, Tae-Min Cho, Daeil Sung, Jae Hong Seo
Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) often exhibit an aggressive phenotype. Disulfiram (DSF) is an approved drug for the treatment of alcohol dependence, but has also been shown to kill TNBC cells in a copper (Cu)-dependent manner. Exactly how this occurs has not been clearly elucidated. We sought to investigate the mechanisms responsible for DSF/Cu-dependent induction of apoptosis and suppression of lung colonization by TNBC cells. DSF/Cu induced anoikis and significantly suppressed cell migration and invasion with negative effects on focal adhesions, coinciding with vimentin breakdown and calpain activation in TNBC cells...
November 25, 2016: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894095/microrna-182-drives-colonization-and-macroscopic-metastasis-via-targeting-its-suppressor-snai1-in-breast-cancer
#15
Yun Zhan, Xukun Li, Xiaoshuan Liang, Lin Li, Bangrong Cao, Baona Wang, Jianlin Ma, Fang Ding, Xiang Wang, Da Pang, Zhihua Liu
Metastasis is a multi-step process. Tumor cells occur epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) to start metastasis, then, they need to undergo a reverse progression of EMT, mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET), to colonize and form macrometastases at distant organs to complete the whole process of metastasis. Although microRNAs (miRNAs) functions in EMT process are well established, their influence on colonization and macrometastases formation remains unclear. Here, we established an EMT model in MCF-10A cells with SNAI1 overexpression, and characterized some EMT-related microRNAs...
November 24, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891756/motility-patterns-in-mouse-colon-gastrointestinal-dysfunction-induced-by-anticancer-chemotherapy
#16
REVIEW
N J Spencer
Colon cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related death in humans. 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU), a major chemotherapy treatment, has been used for decades to fight numerous types of cancers, including breast, colon, and head and neck carcinomas. Unfortunately, a large proportion of patients treated with 5-FU develop toxicities that include diarrhea, mucositis, neutropenia, and vomiting. While the side effects of 5-FU are well known, the mechanisms underlying the induction of these unpleasant symptoms are poorly understood...
December 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891292/cancer-stem-cells-cellular-plasticity-niche-and-its-clinical-relevance
#17
Gina Lee, Robert R Hall, Atique U Ahmed
Cancer handles an estimated 7.6 million deaths worldwide per annum. A recent theory focuses on the role Cancer Stem Cells (CSCs) in driving tumorigenesis and disease progression. This theory hypothesizes that a population of the tumor cell with similar functional and phenotypic characteristics as normal tissue stem cells are responsible for formation and advancement of many human cancers. The CSCs subpopulation can differentiate into non-CSC tumor cells and promote phenotypic and functional heterogeneity within the tumor...
October 2016: Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890941/five-year-cancer-survival-rates-in-oklahoma-from-1997-to-2008
#18
Janis Campbell, Krupa Gandhi, Anne Pate, Amanda Janitz, Amber Anderson, Robin Kinnard, Kai Ding
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the five-year observed survival rates of American Indians/Alaskan Native, African American, and white cancer patients among various demographic characteristics in Oklahoma focusing on lung and bronchus, colon and rectum, female breast, and prostate for the cancer patients diagnosed between 1997 and 2008. METHODS: The five-year observed survival rates were calculated for overall cancer and specific cancer sites, using Kaplan-Meier method with data from the Oklahoma Central Cancer Registry...
July 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889931/new-use-of-prescription-drugs-prior-to-a-cancer-diagnosis
#19
Anton Pottegård, Jesper Hallas
PURPOSE: Cancers often have considerable induction periods. This confers a risk of reverse causation bias in studies of cancer risk associated with drug use, as early symptoms of a yet undiagnosed cancer might lead to drug treatment in the period leading up to the diagnosis. This bias can be alleviated by disregarding exposure for some time before the cancer diagnosis (lag time). We aimed at assessing the duration of lag time needed to avoid reverse causation bias. METHODS: We identified all Danish patients with incident cancer between 2000 and 2012 (n = 353 087)...
November 27, 2016: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889782/molecular-pathology-a-requirement-for-precision-medicine-in-cancer
#20
Manfred Dietel
The increasing importance of targeting drugs and check-point inhibitors in the treatment of several tumor entities (breast, colon, lung, malignant melanoma, lymphoma, etc.) and the necessity of a companion diagnostic (HER2, (pan)RAS, EGFR, ALK, BRAF, ROS1, MET, PD-L1, etc.) is leading to new challenges for surgical pathology. Since almost all the biomarkers to be specifically detected are tissue based, a precise and reliable diagnostic is absolutely crucial. To meet this challenge surgical pathology has adapted a number of molecular methods (semi-quantitative immunohistochemistry, fluorescence in situ hybridization, PCR and its multiple variants, (pyro/Sanger) sequencing, next generation sequencing (amplicon, whole exome, whole genome), DNA arrays, methylation analyses, etc...
2016: Oncology Research and Treatment
keyword
keyword
85724
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"