Read by QxMD icon Read

rho kinase and synuclein

Lars Tatenhorst, Katrin Eckermann, Vivian Dambeck, Luis Fonseca-Ornelas, Hagen Walle, Tomás Lopes da Fonseca, Jan C Koch, Stefan Becker, Lars Tönges, Mathias Bähr, Tiago F Outeiro, Markus Zweckstetter, Paul Lingor
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the most common neurodegenerative movement disorder, yet disease-modifying treatments do not currently exist. Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) was recently described as a novel neuroprotective target in PD. Since alpha-synuclein (α-Syn) aggregation is a major hallmark in the pathogenesis of PD, we aimed to evaluate the anti-aggregative potential of pharmacological ROCK inhibition using the isoquinoline derivative Fasudil, a small molecule inhibitor already approved for clinical use in humans...
2016: Acta Neuropathologica Communications
Feng-Tao Liu, Yu-Jie Yang, Jian-Jun Wu, Shan Li, Yi-Lin Tang, Jue Zhao, Zhen-Yang Liu, Bao-Guo Xiao, Ji Zuo, Wen Liu, Jian Wang
Accumulation of α-synuclein (α-syn) is pivotally implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson׳s disease (PD), and enhancing its clearance might be a promising strategy in PD treatment. It has recently been shown that Rho kinase (ROCK) activation is involved in many neurodegenerative diseases, and some ROCK inhibitors might promote the degradation of abnormal protein aggregates. However, it is not known if fasudil, the only ROCK inhibitor available in clinical setting, could promote the degradation of α-syn, and ameliorate the α-syn induced neurotoxicity...
February 1, 2016: Brain Research
Qing He, Yan-hua Li, Si-si Guo, Ying Wang, Wei Lin, Qiong Zhang, Jian Wang, Cun-gen Ma, Bao-Guo Xiao
Microglia activation and inflammatory factors in brain microenvironment are associated with degeneration of neurons in the substantia nigra (SN) of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and various PD models. There is increasing evidence that the Rho/ROCK (Rho kinase) signalling pathway may play a critical role in the inflammatory response, and ROCK inhibitor has been reported to have neuroprotective effects. In this study, we examined the neuroprotective potential and possible mechanism of ROCK inhibitor Fasudil in an intranasal lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced PD model...
January 2016: European Journal of Neuroscience
Zhigang Zhou, Jeeyong Kim, Ryan Insolera, Xiangmin Peng, David J Fink, Marina Mata
Accumulation of α-synuclein (Asyn) in neuronal perikarya and dystrophic neurites is characteristic of idiopathic and familial Parkinson's disease. In this study, we investigated the relationship between α-synuclein expression and neurite outgrowth-maturation using MN9D dopaminergic cells and demonstrated key features of Asyn regulation in hippocampal neurons. Neurite elongation elicited by inhibition of Rho GTPase activity with C3 transferase or by db-cAMP treatment was associated with marked reduction of α-synuclein mRNA and protein expression...
September 2011: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
Ha Nam Nguyen, Blake Byers, Branden Cord, Aleksandr Shcheglovitov, James Byrne, Prachi Gujar, Kehkooi Kee, Birgitt Schüle, Ricardo E Dolmetsch, William Langston, Theo D Palmer, Renee Reijo Pera
Studies of Parkinson's disease (PD) have been hindered by lack of access to affected human dopaminergic (DA) neurons. Here, we report generation of induced pluripotent stem cells that carry the p.G2019S mutation (G2019S-iPSCs) in the Leucine-Rich Repeat Kinase-2 (LRRK2) gene, the most common PD-related mutation, and their differentiation into DA neurons. The high penetrance of the LRRK2 mutation and its clinical resemblance to sporadic PD suggest that these cells could provide a valuable platform for disease analysis and drug development...
March 4, 2011: Cell Stem Cell
P C McHugh, G R Rogers, D M Glubb, P R Joyce, M A Kennedy
Antidepressant drugs can exert significant effects on the mood of a patient suffering major depression and other disorders. These drugs generally have pharmacological actions on the uptake or metabolism of the neurotransmitters serotonin, noradrenaline and, to a lesser extent, dopamine. However, there are many aspects of antidepressant action we do not understand. We have applied proteomic analysis in a rat hippocampal model in an attempt to identify relevant molecules that operate in pathways functionally relevant to antidepressant action...
August 2010: Journal of Psychopharmacology
Zhong-Zong Pan, Wendy Bruening, Andrew K Godwin
Synuclein-gamma is aberrantly expressed in more than 70% of stage III/IV breast and ovarian carcinomas. Ectopic overexpression of synuclein-gamma enhanced MDA-MB-435 cell migration in vitro and metastasis in a nude mouse model. However, the mechanism of how synuclein-gamma promotes cell motility is not clear. In our previous studies, we showed that synuclein-gamma overexpression activates ERK. In the present study, we overexpressed synuclein-gamma in several breast and ovarian cancer cell lines and evaluated the effect of synuclein-gamma on the activity of small G-protein RHO family members...
November 2006: International Journal of Oncology
J M Jenco, A Rawlingson, B Daniels, A J Morris
Two widely expressed mammalian phosphatidylcholine (PC)-specific phospholipases D (PLD), PLD1 and PLD2, have been identified. Recombinantly expressed PLD2 has high basal activity and is insensitive to GTP-binding protein activators of PLD1 [Colley, W. C., et al. (1997) Curr. Biol. 7, 191-201]. To investigate the regulation of PLD2 we isolated PLD2, from mouse brain by immunoaffinity chromatography. The native and recombinant proteins have indistinguishable properties: PLD2 is potently activated by phosphoinositides with a vicinal 4,5-phosphate pair but is not stimulated by guanosine 5'-O-(3-thio triphosphate)-activated ADP-ribosylation factor-1, Rho family GTP-binding proteins, or protein kinases C-alpha, or -beta1...
April 7, 1998: Biochemistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"