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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346485/adverse-events-in-facial-implant-surgery-and-associated-malpractice-litigation
#1
Hani M Rayess, Peter Svider, Curtis Hanba, Vivek Sagar Patel, Michael Carron, Giancarlo Zuliani
Importance: Facial implants represent an important strategy for providing instant and long-lasting volume enhancement to address both aging and posttraumatic defects. Objective: To better understand risks of facial implants by examining national resources encompassing adverse events and considerations facilitating associated litigation. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional study reviewed complications following facial implants...
January 18, 2018: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346035/determination-of-105-antibiotic-anti-inflammatory-antiparasitic-agents-and-tranquilizers-by-lc-ms-ms-based-on-an-acidic-quechers-like-extraction
#2
Aurélien Desmarchelier, Kaïli Fan, Mai Minh Tien, Marie-Claude Savoy, Adrienne Tarres, Denis Fuger, Alexandre Goyon, Thomas Bessaire, Pascal Mottier
A procedure for screening 105 veterinary drugs in foods by liquid chromatography tandem mass-spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) is presented. Its scope encompasses raw materials of animal origin (milk, meat, fish, egg and fat) but also related processed ingredients and finished products commonly used and manufactured by food business operators. Due to the complexity of the matrices considered and to efficiently deal with losses during extraction and matrix effects during MS source ionisation, each sample was analyzed twice, that is "unspiked" and "spiked at the screening target concentration" using a QuEChERS-like extraction...
January 18, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345609/dietary-patterns-and-their-association-with-adiponectin-and-leptin-concentrations-throughout-pregnancy-a-prospective-cohort
#3
Nadya H Alves-Santos, Paula G Cocate, Ilana Eshriqui, Camila Benaim, Érica G Barros, Pauline M Emmett, Gilberto Kac
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of dietary patterns (DP) with maternal adiposity indicators, leptin, adiponectin and insulin concentrations during pregnancy. A prospective cohort of pregnant women followed up at the 5th-13th, 20th -26th and 30th-36th gestational weeks and 30-40 d postpartum was conducted in Rio de Janeiro. A FFQ was administered in the third trimester (30th-36th gestational weeks). The reduced rank regression procedure was used to identify DP that explain response variables (dietary fibre and total fat) related to indicators of maternal adiposity (postpartum weight retention and gestational weight gain (GWG) adequacy), and plasma leptin, adiponectin and insulin concentrations...
January 18, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345608/food-choices-to-meet-nutrient-recommendations-for-the-adult-brazilian-population-based-on-the-linear-programming-approach
#4
Quenia Dos Santos, Rosely Sichieri, Nicole Darmon, Matthieu Maillot, Eliseu Verly-Junior
OBJECTIVE: To identify optimal food choices that meet nutritional recommendations to reduce prevalence of inadequate nutrient intakes. DESIGN: Linear programming was used to obtain an optimized diet with sixty-eight foods with the least difference from the observed population mean dietary intake while meeting a set of nutritional goals that included reduction in the prevalence of inadequate nutrient intakes to ≤20 %. SETTING: Brazil. SUBJECTS: Participants (men and women, n 25 324) aged 20 years or more from the first National Dietary Survey (NDS) 2008-2009...
January 18, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345271/flocculation-on-a-chip-a-novel-screening-approach-to-determine-floc-growth-rates-and-select-flocculating-agents
#5
Anand N P Radhakrishnan, Marco P C Marques, Matthew J Davies, Brian O'Sullivan, Daniel G Bracewell, Nicolas Szita
Flocculation is a key purification step in cell-based processes for the food and pharmaceutical industry where the removal of cells and cellular debris is aided by adding flocculating agents. However, finding the best suited flocculating agent and optimal conditions to achieve rapid and effective flocculation is a non-trivial task. In conventional analytical systems, turbulent mixing creates a dynamic equilibrium between floc growth and breakage, constraining the determination of floc formation rates. Furthermore, these systems typically rely on end-point measurements only...
January 18, 2018: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345251/cancer-associated-cachexia
#6
REVIEW
Vickie E Baracos, Lisa Martin, Murray Korc, Denis C Guttridge, Kenneth C H Fearon
Cancer-associated cachexia is a disorder characterized by loss of body weight with specific losses of skeletal muscle and adipose tissue. Cachexia is driven by a variable combination of reduced food intake and metabolic changes, including elevated energy expenditure, excess catabolism and inflammation. Cachexia is highly associated with cancers of the pancreas, oesophagus, stomach, lung, liver and bowel; this group of malignancies is responsible for half of all cancer deaths worldwide. Cachexia involves diverse mediators derived from the cancer cells and cells within the tumour microenvironment, including inflammatory and immune cells...
January 18, 2018: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345080/environmental-adaptation-and-vertical-dissemination-of-esbl-pampc-producing-escherichia-coli-in-an-integrated-broiler-production-chain-in-the-absence-of-an-antibiotic-treatment
#7
Michaela Projahn, Katrin Daehre, Torsten Semmler, Sebastian Guenther, Uwe Roesler, Anika Friese
High prevalence numbers of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase- (ESBL-)/plasmid-mediated AmpC beta-lactamase- (pAmpC-) producing Escherichia coli in broiler chicken and their distribution along the broiler production chain is an ongoing problem in food production. We, therefore, investigated resistant isolates along the broiler production chain to determine whether there is a constantly occurring direct vertical transmission of the ESBL-/pAmpC-producing E. coli from the parent flocks to their offspring or not...
January 17, 2018: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343758/electronic-properties-of-synthetic-shrimp-pathogens-derived-dna-schottky-diodes
#8
Nastaran Rizan, Chan Yen Yew, Maryam Rajabpour Niknam, Jegenathan Krishnasamy, Subha Bhassu, Goh Zee Hong, Sridevi Devadas, Mohamed Shariff Mohd Din, Hairul Anuar Tajuddin, Rofina Yasmin Othman, Siew Moi Phang, Mitsumasa Iwamoto, Vengadesh Periasamy
The exciting discovery of the semiconducting-like properties of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and its potential applications in molecular genetics and diagnostics in recent times has resulted in a paradigm shift in biophysics research. Recent studies in our laboratory provide a platform towards detecting charge transfer mechanism and understanding the electronic properties of DNA based on the sequence-specific electronic response, which can be applied as an alternative to identify or detect DNA. In this study, we demonstrate a novel method for identification of DNA from different shrimp viruses and bacteria using electronic properties of DNA obtained from both negative and positive bias regions in current-voltage (I-V) profiles...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343477/role-of-asic3-nav1-7-and-nav1-8-in-electroacupuncture-induced-analgesia-in-a-mouse-model-of-fibromyalgia-pain
#9
Liang-Ta Yen, Yu-Chan Hsu, Jaung-Geng Lin, Ching-Liang Hsieh, Yi-Wen Lin
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms underlying fibromyalgia (FM) pain are not understood. The US Food and Drug Administration has recommended three drugs for treating FM-namely, pregabalin, duloxetine and milnacipran; however, these medications are associated with severe side effects. OBJECTIVE: To create a mouse model of FM pain using dual injections of acidic saline to cause mechanical hyperalgesia and test whether ASIC3, Nav1.7 and Nav1.8 are involved in this process and whether electroacupuncture (EA) can reverse these phenomena...
January 17, 2018: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343459/differing-structural-properties-of-foods-affect-the-development-of-mandibular-control-and-muscle-coordination-in-infants-and-young-children
#10
Meg Simione, Chrystel Loret, Benjamin Le Révérend, Brian Richburg, Mirna Del Valle, Marc Adler, Mireille Moser, Jordan R Green
The development of chewing is an essential motor skill that is continually refined throughout early childhood. From a motor control perspective, the advancement of textures is dependent upon the fit between a child's oral anatomic and motor system and food properties. The purpose of this exploratory study is to identify age-related changes in chewing motor coordination and control and to determine if these changes are associated with the differing structural properties of solid foods, as well as to explore the role of explanatory variables such as the emergence of teeth and bite force...
January 14, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343263/knowledge-use-and-disuse-of-unconventional-food-plants
#11
Mayana Lacerda Leal, Rubana Palhares Alves, Natalia Hanazaki
BACKGROUND: People's diets are usually restricted to a small number of plant species, even in regions with great diversity. We investigated the knowledge of residents in Ribeirão da Ilha, a district of Florianópolis (Santa Catarina, Brazil), about unconventional food plants (UFP). We report the UFP of the region, the parts used, the methods of processing, and the reasons for reduced use or even lack of use. METHODS: From June 2014 to January 2015, we interviewed 26 long-established residents and made free listings of plant resources in the region...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342884/effect-of-the-extraction-process-on-the-biological-activity-of-lyophilized-apricot-extracts-recovered-from-apricot-pomace
#12
Dina Cheaib, Nada El Darra, Hiba N Rajha, Iman El-Ghazzawi, Richard G Maroun, Nicolas Louka
The preservation of polyphenols in fruits by lyophilization has gained great interest in the recent decades. The present study aims to assess the impact of the pre-treatment extraction methods heat-assisted extraction (HAE) and infrared (IR) on lyophilized apricot pomace extracts. Then to test the conservation of polyphenols quantities as well as their bioactivities (antiradical and antibacterial) in lyophilized extract. An aqueous extract was obtained through either heat-assisted extraction or infrared pre-treatments then lyophilized to obtain a dried form...
January 14, 2018: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342467/boiling-and-pressure-cooking-impact-on-ige-reactivity-of-soybean-allergens
#13
Beatriz Cabanillas, Carmen Cuadrado, Julia Rodriguez, Maria Carmen Dieguez, Jesus F Crespo, Natalija Novak
BACKGROUND: Soybean is one of the 8 foods that causes the most significant rate of food allergies in the USA and Europe. Thermal processing may impact on the allergenic potential of certain foods. We aimed to investigate modifications of the IgE-binding properties of soybean proteins due to processing methods that have been previously found to impact on the allergenicity of legumes such as peanut. METHODS: Soybean seeds were subjected to different thermal processing treatments...
January 18, 2018: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341203/food-specific-inhibitory-control-under-negative-mood-in-binge-eating-disorder-evidence-from-a-multimethod-approach
#14
Elisabeth J Leehr, Kathrin Schag, Thomas Dresler, Moritz Grosse-Wentrup, Martin Hautzinger, Andreas J Fallgatter, Stephan Zipfel, Katrin E Giel, Ann-Christine Ehlis
OBJECTIVE: Inhibitory control has been discussed as a developmental and maintenance factor in binge-eating disorder (BED). The current study is the first aimed at investigating inhibitory control in a negative mood condition on a psychophysiological and behavioral level in BED with a combination of electroencephalography (EEG) and eye tracking (ET). METHOD: We conducted a combined EEG and ET study with overweight individuals with BED (BED+, n = 24, mean age = 31, mean BMI = 35 kg/m2 ) and without BED (BED-, n = 23, mean age = 28, mean BMI = 35 kg/m2 ) and a normal-weight (NWC, n = 26, mean age 28, mean BMI = 22 kg/m2 ) control group...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341141/dual-effects-of-creatinine-on-the-formation-of-2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo-4-5-b-pyridine-phip
#15
Chundi Yu, Zeping Shao, Jinhui Zhang, Bing Liu, Lingjie Kong, Yan Zhang, Shuo Wang
Creatinine was found to not only act as a precursor of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo [4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) formation but also inhibit PhIP formation in a creatinine/phenylalanine model system. The dual mechanistic effects of creatinine on PhIP formation were then investigated in a model system. Adducts of creatinine-PhIP were detected by quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry and were found to be a likely explanation for the substantial decrease in the yield of PhIP when excess creatinine was supplied...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340658/cuticle-and-pore-plug-properties-in-the-table-egg
#16
G Kulshreshtha, A Rodriguez-Navarro, E Sanchez-Rodriguez, T Diep, M T Hincke
Food safety of table eggs is vital since many pathogens can contaminate the unfertilized egg, leading to increased risk of foodborne illness for consumers. The eggshell cuticle is the first line of defense to restrict the entry of egg-associated pathogens, such as Salmonella Enteritidis. The thickness and completeness of coverage of the cuticle layer are heritable traits that are strongly associated with egg resistance to bacterial penetration. The present study characterizes the chemical composition of the eggshell cuticle and structure of pore plugs from table eggs...
January 11, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340654/antioxidant-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitory-activity-and-other-functional-properties-of-egg-white-proteins-and-their-derived-peptides-a-review
#17
E D N S Abeyrathne, X Huang, D U Ahn
Egg white contains many functionally important proteins: ovalbumin (54%), ovotransferrin (12%), ovomucoid (11%), ovoglobulin (G2 and G3, 8%), ovomucin (3.5%), and lysozyme (3.5%) are major proteins, while ovoinhibitors, ovomacroglobulin, ovoglycoprotein, ovoflavoprotein, thiamine-binding proteins, and avidin are minor proteins present in egg white. These proteins, as well as the peptides derived from the proteins, have been recognized for their functional importance as antioxidant, antimicrobial, metal-chelating, anti-viral, anti-tumour, and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitory activities...
January 11, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340533/more-than-two-decades-after-the-introduction-of-limnoperna-fortunei-dunker-1857-in-la-plata-basin
#18
M A Pessotto, M G Nogueira
The golden mussel, Limnoperna fortunei, is an Asian freshwater bivalve introduced in South America in the beginning of the 1990's, probably through ballast water releases in La Plata River estuary. It dispersed north through Paraná, Uruguay and Paraguay Rivers. The study evaluated the macroscale (18° to 34° S; 45° to 60° W) distribution of L. fortunei (larval stages) in the main rivers and reservoirs of La Plata Basin. Samplings were performed through 68 µm vertical plankton net hauls. Limnological variables were simultaneously determined...
January 15, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340532/effects-of-light-dark-cycle-on-the-spatial-distribution-and-feeding-activity-of-fish-larvae-of-two-co-occurring-species-pisces-hypophthalmidae-and-sciaenidae-in-a-neotropical-floodplain-lake
#19
P H S Picapedra, P V Sanches, F A Lansac-Tôha
Most studies on mechanisms regulating fish larvae processes have focused on assessing the isolated effects of food distribution and feeding behavior. However, in natural ecosystems, fish larvae may strongly interact with zooplankton organisms in an array of complex, direct and indirect interdependencies. This study analyzed the spatial distribution, diet and feeding behavior of early stages of Hypophthalmus edentatus and Plagioscion squamosissimus, two fish species co-occurring in an isolated floodplain lake, during the light-dark cycle...
January 15, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339509/biodegradable-piezoelectric-force-sensor
#20
Eli J Curry, Kai Ke, Meysam T Chorsi, Kinga S Wrobel, Albert N Miller, Avi Patel, Insoo Kim, Jianlin Feng, Lixia Yue, Qian Wu, Chia-Ling Kuo, Kevin W-H Lo, Cato T Laurencin, Horea Ilies, Prashant K Purohit, Thanh D Nguyen
Measuring vital physiological pressures is important for monitoring health status, preventing the buildup of dangerous internal forces in impaired organs, and enabling novel approaches of using mechanical stimulation for tissue regeneration. Pressure sensors are often required to be implanted and directly integrated with native soft biological systems. Therefore, the devices should be flexible and at the same time biodegradable to avoid invasive removal surgery that can damage directly interfaced tissues. Despite recent achievements in degradable electronic devices, there is still a tremendous need to develop a force sensor which only relies on safe medical materials and requires no complex fabrication process to provide accurate information on important biophysiological forces...
January 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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