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gliosis and endometriosis

Francisco F Nogales, Ovidiu Preda, Isabel Dulcey
Gliomatosis peritonei (GP) is an unusual condition in which nodules of mature astroglia, often miliary and microscopic in size, are widespread in the peritoneum and abdominal lymph nodes. Its behaviour is benign and it is usually found in association with ovarian teratoma and rarely with teratomas of other organs. Implants grow rapidly and can remain unchanged for life. Astroglia is the main component, but other neural lineage elements and many other tissues can be found. Cells are mature but not terminal, since they express SOX2...
2012: International Journal of Developmental Biology
A W Ferguson, H Katabuchi, B M Ronnett, K R Cho
Metaplasia of subcoelomic mesenchyme has been implicated, but not proven, in the pathogenesis of common gynecological diseases such as endometriosis and rarer entities such as leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata and gliomatosis peritonei (GP). GP is associated with ovarian teratomas and is characterized by numerous peritoneal and omental implants composed of glial tissue. Two theories to explain the origin of GP have been proposed. In one, glial implants arise from the teratoma, whereas in the other, pluripotent Müllerian stem cells in the peritoneum or subjacent mesenchyme undergo glial metaplasia...
July 2001: American Journal of Pathology
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