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"Body image" and "physical exercise"

Heidi Baur, Hannes Gatterer, Barbara Hotter, Martin Kopp
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the influence of Structural Integration and Fascial Fitness, a new form of physical exercise, on body image and the perception of back pain. [Subjects and Methods] In total, 33 participants with non-specific back pain were split into two groups and performed three sessions of Structural Integration or Fascial Fitness within a 3-week period. Before and after the interventions, perception of back pain and body image were evaluated using standardized questionnaires...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Claudia Celletti, Maria Antonietta Fara, Guido Maria Filippi, Giuseppe La Torre, Roberto Tozzi, Nicola Vanacore, Filippo Camerota
Background . Physical activity initiation and maintenance are particular challenges in the postmastectomy recovery and in particular Dragon Boat racing seems to be a useful sport activity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of focal muscle vibration as a proprioceptive input to improve upper limb functioning in a group of "paddlers" patients. Methods . A group of paddlers has been evaluated before vibratory treatment (T0), immediately after therapy (T1), after one week (T2), and after one month (T3) with DASH questionnaire, Body Image Scale, McGill pain questionnaire, Constant Scale, and Short Form 36 questionnaire...
2017: BioMed Research International
H Lindquist, A Enblom, G Dunberger, T Nyberg, K Bergmark
There are few studies showing that physical exercise can improve secondary lymphedema. We hypothesized that water exercise would be more effective than land exercise in reducing limb volume. Secondary objectives were joint movement, BMI, daily function, well-being, and body image. Limb volume was measured with circumference or was volumetric. Well-being and body image were measured with a study-specific questionnaire and daily function with DASH and HOOS questionnaires. Eighty-eight eligible patients with secondary lymphedema after breast or gynecological cancer participated in this controlled clinical intervention study...
June 2015: Lymphology
Mark D Griffiths, Andrew C Foster, Gillian W Shorter
BACKGROUND: Following the publication of our paper ‘Muscle Dysmorphia: Could it be classified as an addiction to body image?’ in the Journal of Behavioral Addictions, two commentaries by Jon Grant and Johanna Nieuwoudt were published in response to our paper. METHOD: Using the ‘addiction components model’, our main contention is that muscle dysmorphia (MD) actually comprises a number of different actions and behaviors and that the actual addictive activity is the maintaining of body image via a number of different activities such as bodybuilding, exercise, eating certain foods, taking specific drugs (e...
March 2015: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Andrew C Foster, Gillian W Shorter, Mark D Griffiths
BACKGROUND: Muscle dysmorphia (MD) describes a condition characterised by a misconstrued body image in which individuals who interpret their body size as both small or weak even though they may look normal or highly muscular.MD has been conceptualized as a type of body dysmorphic disorder, an eating disorder, and obsessive–compulsive disorder symptomatology. METHOD AND AIM: Through a review of the most salient literature on MD, this paper proposes an alternative classification of MD--the ‘Addiction to Body Image’ (ABI) model--using Griffiths (2005)addiction components model as the framework in which to define MD as an addiction...
March 2015: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Ismael San Mauro Martín, Elena Garicano Vilar, Miguel González Fernández, Pablo Villacorta Pérez, Ana Megias Gamarra, Belén Miralles Rivera, María Figueroa Borque, Nuria Andrés Sánchez, M Ángeles Bonilla Navarro, Pablo Arranz Poza, M Dolores Bernal Maurandi, Ana María Ruiz León, Esther Moraleda Ponzol, Licia de la Calle de la Rosa
INTRODUCTION: The distorted body image has become a global problem. The thinness as a standard of beauty for women, and fitness for men, has been linked to an increase in eating behavior disorders. The physical exercise with aesthetic or addictive purposes has increased, as well as the popularity of gyms. AIM: To analyze the orthorexics behavior, to know the influence of gender on psychological behavior and to analyze eating habits in a sample practicing physical activity...
December 1, 2014: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Jan Knapen, Davy Vancampfort, Yves Moriën, Yannick Marchal
PURPOSE: to present clinical guidelines for exercise therapy in depressed patients derived from recent meta-analyses. METHOD: four meta-analyses on effects of physical exercise on mental and physical in depression were analysed. RESULTS: For mild to moderate depression the effect of exercise may be comparable to antidepressant medication and psychotherapy; for severe depression exercise seems to be a valuable complementary therapy to the traditional treatments...
2015: Disability and Rehabilitation
Maria Lídia de Abreu Silva, Stella Regina Taquette, Evandro Silva Freire Coutinho
OBJECTIVE: To comprehend the perception of body image in adolescence. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted with eight focus groups with 96 students of both sexes attending four public elementary school institutions in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Southeastern Brazil, in 2013. An interview guide with questions about the adolescents' feelings in relation to: their bodies, standards of idealized beauty, practice of physical exercise and sociocultural influences on self-image...
June 2014: Revista de Saúde Pública
Louise Danielsson, Ilias Papoulias, Eva-Lisa Petersson, Jane Carlsson, Margda Waern
BACKGROUND: While physical exercise as adjunctive treatment for major depression has received considerable attention in recent years, the evidence is conflicting. This study evaluates the effects of two different add-on treatments: exercise and basic body awareness therapy. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial with two intervention groups and one control, including 62 adults on antidepressant medication, who fulfilled criteria for current major depression as determined by the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview...
October 2014: Journal of Affective Disorders
Ase Eriksen Dyremyhr, Esperanza Diaz, Eivind Meland
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise has positive effects on health. However, its associations with self-rated health and body image, which are important predictors for adolescents' wellbeing and later morbidity, are complex. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey among 2527 Norwegian adolescents. We examined the relations between self-reported gender, body size, amount and type of exercise and measures of self-rated health, drive for thinness, and desire to change body, with binary logistic regression analyses...
2014: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Jeanne L Edman, Wesley C Lynch, Alayne Yates
Depression is a common psychological problem and females have been found to be at greater risk for this disorder than males. Although numerous studies have found that physical exercise is negatively associated with risk of depression, some studies suggest that negative exercise attitudes may increase the risk of depression. The present study used the survey method to examine the relationship between depressive symptoms, exercise performance dissatisfaction, body dissatisfaction, and physical exercise among a sample of 895 undergraduate university students...
January 2014: Journal of Psychology
Selma Limam Mansar, Shashank Jariwala, Nawal Behih, Maahd Shahzad, Aysha Anggraini
Obesity has become a worldwide epidemic. Qatar, a rapidly developing country in the Middle East, has seen a sharp increase in the prevalence of obesity. The increase can be attributed to several reasons, including sedentary lifestyles imposed by a harsh climate and the introduction of Western fast food. Mobile technologies have been used and studied as a technology to support individuals' weight loss. The authors have developed a mobile application that implements three strategies drawn from proven theories of behavioral change...
2014: International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications
Angela Nogueira Neves Betanho Campana, Viren Swami, Carolina Mie Kawagosi Onodera, Dirceu da Silva, Maria da Consolação Gomes Cunha Fernandes Tavares
Body checking is considered an expression of an excessive preoccupation with appearance. The first aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a Brazilian Portuguese version of the Body Checking Questionnaire (BCQ). Additionally, we wanted to examine the questionnaire's associations with body avoidance behaviour, body mass index, dietary habits, and the intensity, frequency, and length of physical exercise. Finally, we also examined the differences between the total BCQ score and the individual BCQ factor scores...
2013: PloS One
Raquel Vaquero-Cristóbal, Fernando Alacid, José María Muyor, Pedro Ángel López-Miñarro
INTRODUCTION: Nowadays, in developed countries there are standards of beauty based on pro-thin models, which are internalized by adolescents and young people especially in the case of women, assuming it as risk factor for developing changes in body image and perception. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the current state of research in relation to body image, the sociodemographic variables that influence it, the relationship between body composition, conducting diets, eating disorders, sports and intervention programs and prevention, and the body image...
January 2013: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Erlinde Cornelis, Verolien Cauberghe, Patrick De Pelsmacker
Two experimental studies test the effectiveness of health versus appearance-related arguments in two-sided messages. The first study shows that two-sided messages to discourage suntanning are more effective when using appearance-focused instead of health-focused arguments. Study 2 elaborates on the underlying mechanism and extends the generalization of the results of the first study, by investigating two-sided messages to promote physical exercise. The results show that for health-motivated consumers, a health-focused message is more effective, whereas for appearance-motivated consumers, an appearance-focused message is more effective...
September 2014: Journal of Health Psychology
Liat Korn, Ester Gonen, Yael Shaked, Moria Golan
PURPOSE: This study examines health perceptions, self and body image, physical exercise and nutrition among undergraduate students. METHODS: A structured, self-reported questionnaire was administered to more than 1500 students at a large academic institute in Israel. The study population was heterogenic in both gender and fields of academic study. RESULTS: High correlations between health perceptions, appropriate nutrition, and positive self and body image were found...
2013: PloS One
Elisabetta Petracci, Giulia Cavrini
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of excess weight, lifestyle factors, and body image on HRQoL in a sample of school-aged children. METHODS: Cross-sectional data of 4,338 thirteen-year-old children were collected in 2007 as part of the So.N.I.A project, a nutritional surveillance study in a northern Italian region. A two-stage sampling design was used in order to gain a Health District representative sample of the regional population. HRQoL was assessed using the EQ-5D-Y questionnaire completed by the children at school...
November 2013: Quality of Life Research
Saskia F A Duijts, Marc van Beurden, Hester S A Oldenburg, Myra S Hunter, Jacobien M Kieffer, Martijn M Stuiver, Miranda A Gerritsma, Marian B E Menke-Pluymers, Peter W Plaisier, Herman Rijna, Alexander M F Lopes Cardozo, Gertjan Timmers, Suzan van der Meij, Henk van der Veen, Nina Bijker, Louise M de Widt-Levert, Maud M Geenen, Gijsbert Heuff, Eric J van Dulken, Epie Boven, Neil K Aaronson
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the effect of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), physical exercise (PE), and of these two interventions combined (CBT/PE) on menopausal symptoms (primary outcome), body image, sexual functioning, psychological well-being, and health-related quality of life (secondary outcomes) in patients with breast cancer experiencing treatment-induced menopause. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with breast cancer reporting treatment-induced menopausal symptoms (N=422) were randomly assigned to CBT (n=109), PE (n=104), CBT/PE (n=106), or to a waiting list control group (n=103)...
November 20, 2012: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Iiná Márjá Jávo, Gunn Pettersen, Jan H Rosenvinge, Tore Sørlie
The purpose of this paper was to examine predictors of an interest in liposuction among women with eating problems. A questionnaire was sent to 3500 women aged 18-35 years, whereof 378 of 1861 responders screened positively on eating problems. Assessments included sociodemographic status, social network, physical exercise, attitudes towards cosmetic surgery, teasing history, body dysmorphic disorder-like symptoms, body image, self-esteem, personality, interpersonal attachment and emotional distress. Fifty-two percent reported an interest in liposuction, which was independently predicted by appearance orientation, appearance evaluation, being critical/quarrelsome, teasing history, wish for a better relationship with father, low education and being unmarried...
January 2012: Body Image
Kamila Czajka, Katarzyna Kochan
The aim of this work is analyse perceptions, intentions and actions related with own proportions of body conections with assessment to actual weight and height proportions (BMI) children and youth from Polkowice. Material examination includes measurement from research conducted in autumn of 2008 of Polkowice (Lower Silesia). Refine material includes measurement and survey 816 pupils (362 boys and 454 girls) aged 10 - 15 of primary schools and secondary school. Body height and weight were measured and calculated on the basis of Body Mass Index (BMI)...
2011: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
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