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Brittani Jones, Allyson C Berent, Chick W Weisse, Robert Hart, Leilani Alvarez, Anthony Fischetti, B David Horn, Douglas Canning
CASE DESCRIPTION A 14-week-old 7.7-kg (16.9-lb) sexually intact female Golden Retriever was evaluated because of urine dripping from the caudoventral aspect of the abdomen. CLINICAL FINDINGS Ultrasonography, radiography, excretory CT urography, and vaginocystourethroscopy were performed. Results indicated eversion of the bladder through the ventral abdominal wall with exposure of the ureterovesicular junctions, pubic diastasis, and an open vulva and clitoral fossa. Clinical findings were suggestive of bladder exstrophy, a rare congenital anomaly...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Christopher R James, Blake E Peterson, Julia R Crim, James L Cook, Brett D Crist
BACKGROUND: Direct anterior approach total hip arthroplasty (THA) with fluoroscopic assistance is growing in popularity. Variables such as pelvic tilt, c-arm technique, and patient positioning can affect the perceived fluoroscopic view. This study evaluates the effect of these variables on the position of the acetabular component. METHODS: Forty-one hips in 40 patients undergoing direct anterior arthroplasty THA with fluoroscopic assistance underwent routine postoperative radiographs and postoperative pelvic computed tomography scan...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
Hadley Burns, J Stephen Gunn, Saeed Chowdhry, Thomas Lee, Steven Schulz, Bradon J Wilhelmi
Objective: This paper discusses the various surgical techniques and outcomes associated with management of buried penis syndrome. Methods: Presented is the case of a 49-year-old man with morbid obesity, leading to massive panniculus and buried penis. We review our technique for reconstruction of the buried penis and treatment of the overlying large panniculus. Literature search was conducted to review current techniques in correcting buried penis syndrome. Results: The patient underwent a successful panniculectomy with removal of all excess skin and tissue...
2018: Eplasty
Yi Zheng, Xin-Hua Yuan, Wei-Bin Wang, Qing-Song Fu, Qing-Jiang Pang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and advantages of personalized 3D printing-guided template of lateral superior ramous of pubic intramedullary lag screw. METHODS: From July 2015 to December 2016, 20 patients with the superior and inferior ramous of pubis fracture were treated with lag screws placement. All the patients were divided into test group(with guided template) and control group(with general operation). There were 7 males and 3 females with an average age of (46...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
D A Maranho, Y-J Kim, K A Williams, E N Novais
Purpose: To investigate the outcomes of an anteverting triple periacetabular osteotomy for the treatment of hip instability in skeletally immature patients with Down syndrome. Methods: We evaluated 16 patients (21 hips) with Down syndrome and hip instability who underwent an anteverting triple periacetabular osteotomy between 2007 and 2016. There were nine females and seven males with an average age of 7.4 years SD 2.0. We assessed the level of hip pain, gait ability and clinical stability at a minimum of one year after surgery...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
Yisong Chen, Junwei Li, Keqin Hua
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe new technique of pelvic reconstruction with Y-shaped mesh assisted by transvaginal single-port laparoscopy for multiple compartments Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP). DESIGN: Step-by-step explanation of the procedure using video. SETTING: It is more and more prudent for pelvic floor reconstruction with mesh because of mesh related complications. Learning from sacrocolpopexy with lower rate of mesh erosion (3.5%), new method of pelvic reconstruction with natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery is feasible...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Chun-Hui Tang, Gao-Wen Yao, Lin Wang, Hong-Liang Tu, Wei Luo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of minimally invasive internal fixation of pelvic anterior and posterior ring for the treatment of type C pelvic fracture, and to explore its operative techniques and therapeutic efficacy. METHODS: From December 2010 to December 2015, 18 patients with type C pelvic fracture were treated by reconstructive plates fixation through minimally invasive ilioinguinal approach for pelvic anterior ring injuries, and by invasive percutaneous sacroiliac joint screw fixation for pelvic posterior ring injuries...
July 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Mei-Ren Zhang, Ji-Zhao Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate relation between displaced inferior ramus fractures and posterior pelvic ring injury. METHODS: From August 2012 to August 2015, 51 patients of pubic ramus fractures with complete record were retrospective reviewed including 27 males and 24 females with an average age of(49.1±19.0) years old ranging from 9 to 90 years old. The time from injury to treatment ranged from 0.3 to 48 hours with an average of 10.1 hours. According to Tile classification of pelvic fractures, 28 cases were type A, 17 cases were type B, 6 cases were type C...
July 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Jens Kelm, Oliver Ludwig, Jan André, Stefan Maas, Sascha Hopp
BACKGROUND:  Osteitis pubis is a common cause of chronic groin pain. Due to high clinical uncertainty and varying etiopathology, the diagnosis is often delayed. Especially athletes suffer from this disease, but patients with orthopaedic, traumatological, neurological, urological, gynaecological, and rheumatic complaints can also be affected. Osteitis pubis can be treated by conservative as well as surgical techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS:  Systematic literature research, descriptive presentation of the studies, and interpretation of evidence-based medicine results...
February 8, 2018: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
Charlene G Echague, John M Csokmay
BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyolysis is characterized by muscle necrosis and release of intracellular constituents, causing muscle pain, weakness, and myoglobinuria. This can be attributed to muscle injury after strenuous exercise. If the abdominal wall is involved, clinical presentation may resemble an acute abdomen. CASE: A 27-year-old woman, gravida 4 para 2, presented with swelling and pain of the mons pubis and abdominal pain after intense powerlifting 2 days prior. A computed tomography scan was performed, revealing abdominal wall inflammation...
March 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Rianne van Ladesteijn, Holly Leslie, William A Manning, James P Holland, David J Deehan, Thomas Pandorf, Richard M Aspden
To gain initial stability for cementless fixation the acetabular components of a total hip replacement are press-fit into the acetabulum. Uneven stiffness of the acetabular bone will result in irregular deformation of the shell which may hinder insertion of the liner or lead to premature loosening. To investigate this, we removed bone cores from the ilium, ischium and pubis within each acetabulum and from selected sites in corresponding femoral heads from four cadavers for mechanical testing in unconfined compression...
January 29, 2018: Medical Engineering & Physics
Oliver W M Rauhut, Christian Foth, Helmut Tischlinger
The iconic primeval bird Archaeopteryx was so far mainly known from the Altmühltal Formation (early Tithonian) of Bavaria, southern Germany, with one specimen having been found in the overlying Mörnsheim Formation. A new specimen (the 12th skeletal specimen) from the earliest Tithonian Painten Formation of Schamhaupten (Bavaria) represents the so far oldest representative of the genus. The new specimen shows several interesting anatomical details, including the presence of a postorbital in contact with the jugal, the presence of a separate prefrontal and coronoid, and opisthocoelous mid-cervical vertebrae...
2018: PeerJ
Justin W Arner, Marcio Albers, Brian S Zuckerbraun, Craig S Mauro
Patients with pubic symphysis instability who had failed nonoperative treatments may benefit from surgical repair. This disease process is rare, most commonly seen in postpartum women and athletes, and its surgical treatment is invasive and nonphysiological. Currently described surgical interventions, although limited, include plating, which provides an overly rigid construct with the risk of failure and possibly poor long-term outcomes particularly in athletes, and treatments such as curettage, more commonly used in the treatment of osteitis pubis...
January 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Jairo Greco Garcia, Adriano Martinez, Reynaldo Jesus Garcia Filho, Marcelo Toledo Petrilli, Dan Carai Viola
Objective: Describe the epidemiological profile of patients with primary or secondary neoplastic lesions in the pelvis who required a surgical procedure such as hemipelvectomy. Methods: This study retrospectively evaluated 69 patients located in the database of a São Paulo educational institution, subject to surgical hemipelvectomy treatment between January 1990 and December 2013. All patients had previous diagnosis of bone tumor (primary or metastatic) in the pelvis (ilium, ischium, pubis, and/or sacrum)...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Anthony J Scillia, Todd P Pierce, Erica Simone, Richard C Novak, Benton A Emblom
One cause of groin pain in highly active patients may be a core muscle injury, commonly referred to as sports hernia. When patients fail nonoperative management, there are a number of surgical options that may be pursued. Typically, they will involve the direct repair of the rectus abdominis back to the pubis. However, we believe that this repair can be further strengthened by the appropriate lengthening of the adductor longus from the conjoined tendon. Therefore, we present a surgical technique that involves both rectus abdominis repair and adductor longus lengthening in those who show a core muscle injury that is refractory to conservative management...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
Ryan A Mlynarek, Struan H Coleman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss the clinical significance of the most common hip and groin injuries in baseball players, as well as an algorithmic approach to diagnosis and treatment of these injuries. RECENT FINDINGS: (a) Limitations in throwing velocity, pitch control, and bat swing speed may be secondary to decreased mobility and strength within the proximal kinetic chain, which must harness power from the lower extremities and core. (b) Approximately 5.5% of all baseball injuries per year involve the hip/groin and may lead to a significant amount of time spent on the disabled list...
January 12, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Yi Zheng, Xin-Hua Yuan, Wei-Bin Wang, Qing-Jiang Pang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of a drill template for the placement of reverse intramedullary lag screws on the outside of the pubis based on digital design and 3D printing technology. METHODS: The preoperative CT images of a 23-year-old male patient with pelvic fracture were collected retrospectively. According to the Young and Burgess classification, the type of pelvic fracture was LC IIwith the 3D printing technology. The data was reconstructed by 3D imaging reconstruction software to produce 1:1 three dimensional model...
January 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Lieming Wen, Ka Lai Shek, Subramaniam Nishamini, Friedman Talia, Hans Peter Dietz
PURPOSE: To study correlations between sonographic and urodynamic findings after suburethral sling surgery. METHODS: This is a retrospective study on 141 women who had multichannel urodynamic testing and translabial 4D ultrasound after suburethral sling surgery between 2006 and 2016. The sling-pubis gap, i.e., the distance between sling and infero-posterior margin of the pubic symphysis on Valsalva, and urethral motion profile were determined. The urethral motion profile was assessed by calculating the mobility vectors of 6 equidistant points along the length of urethra from bladder neck to external urethral meatus, against the dorsocaudal margin of the symphysis pubis on Valsalva...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Urology
Magdalena Jansova, Vladimir Kalis, Zdenek Rusavy, Sari Räisänen, Libor Lobovsky, Katariina Laine
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a previously identified modification of Viennese method of perineal protection remains most effective for reduction of perineal tension in cases with substantially smaller or larger fetal heads. METHODS: A previously designed finite element model was used to compare perineal tension of different modifications of the Viennese method of perineal protection to "hands-off" technique for three different sizes of the fetal head...
2017: PloS One
Mohammed S Amer, Elham A Hassan, Faisal A Torad
Five female egg-laying pigeons presented with painless, reducible, ventral abdominal swellings located between the keel and the pubis, or close to the cloaca. Based on clinical, radiographic, and ultrasonographic examination, these pigeons were diagnosed with ventral abdominal hernia requiring surgical interference. Reduction was successfully performed under general anesthesia. Radiographic and ultrasonographic examinations were beneficial for confirming the diagnosis and visualizing the hernial content for surgical planning...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
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