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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768356/late-distant-recurrence-of-breast-carcinoma-and-metastasis-to-the-main-bronchus-and-choroid-a-case-report
#1
Zhijie Luo, Qin Cai, Yuanyuan Zhao, Xiaochuan Wang, Siying Fu, Linzhu Zhai
RATIONALE: Metastases of breast carcinoma to the main bronchus and choroid are rare, but have been reported in relevant literature. Late distant recurrence of breast carcinoma after more than 20 years is extremely rare. Herein, we report a 57-year-old woman with late distant recurrence and metastasis to the main bronchus and choroid almost 28 years after surgery. PATIENT CONCERNS: At the age of 29, the patient underwent chemotherapy and endocrine treatment after a right side mastectomy to remove breast carcinoma...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766207/risks-and-prevention-of-surgical-fires-a-systematic-review
#2
I Kezze, N Zoremba, R Rossaint, A Rieg, M Coburn, G Schälte
Surgically induced fire is a life-threatening hazard; this topic has received little attention, although only 3 factors, the so-called fire triad, are needed for surgical fires to occur: an oxidizer, fuel and an ignition source. This systematic review aims to determine the impact of each component and to delegate every staff member an area of responsibility, thus ensuring patient health through prevention or protection. The trial was registered in Prospero CRD42018082656. A database search of eligible, preferably evidence-based studies was conducted...
May 15, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762462/the-safety-and-utility-of-fiberoptic-bronchoscopy-in-the-very-elderly
#3
Cameron W McLaughlin, Andrew J Skabelund, Ellis R Easterling, Michael J Morris
BACKGROUND: Flexible bronchoscopy (FB) is a common modality for diagnostic sampling within the thorax. It is utilized often in the elderly population, but there is limited data on the safety and utility of the procedure in the very elderly. METHODS: FBs performed outside the intensive care unit in the San Antonio Military Health System on patients 85 years and older were reviewed. Outcomes including indications, complications, diagnostic yield, and final diagnosis were compared with a control group consisting of patients' ages of 65 to 79 years old...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756180/anodal-tdcs-of-the-swallowing-motor-cortex-for-treatment-of-dysphagia-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-pilot-open-label-study
#4
G Cosentino, R Gargano, G Bonura, S Realmuto, E Tocco, P Ragonese, M Gangitano, E Alfonsi, B Fierro, F Brighina, G Salemi
Swallowing difficulties are a common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). The early detection and treatment of dysphagia is critical to prevent complications, including poor nutrition, dehydration, and lung infections. Recently, transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been proven to be effective in ameliorating swallowing problems in stroke patients. In this pilot study, we aimed to assess safety and efficacy of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in the treatment of dysphagia in MS patients...
May 13, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756059/pre-selection-of-primary-intubation-technique-is-associated-with-a-low-incidence-of-difficult-intubation-in-patients-with-a-bmi-of-35-kg-m-2-or-higher
#5
Tiberiu Ezri, Ronen Waintrob, Yuri Avelansky, Alexander Izakson, Katia Dayan, Mordechai Shimonov
Background: The incidence of difficult intubation (DI) in obese patients may reach a two-digit figure. No studies have assessed the effect of primary use of special intubation devices on lowering the incidence of DI. We assessed the effect of primary selection of special intubation techniques on the incidence of DI in patients with a BMI of 35 kg/m2 or higher. Patients and methods: Data from 546 patients with a BMI of 35 kg/m2 or higher who underwent bariatric surgery at Wolfson Medical Center from 2010 through 2014 was retrospectively extracted and analyzed for demographics, predictors of DI and intubation techniques employed...
April 2018: Romanian Journal of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755815/late-endobronchial-pulmonary-metastasis-in-a-patient-with-breast-cancer
#6
İbrahim Güven Çoşğun, Turgut Kaçan, Gül Erten
The lung is a common location for malignant metastases. However, endobronchial metastases from nonpulmonary neoplasms are rare. Metastatic breast cancer usually occurs in 2-3 years of the disease course. A 65-year-old woman visited our hospital for the evaluation of dry cough. The patient had a history of breast cancer, which was treated with modified radical mastectomy and axillary dissection 10 years ago; she was then treated with aromatase inhibitor for 5 years. Chest X-ray revealed right hilum enlargement...
April 2018: Turkish Thoracic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747530/endoscopy-in-otolaryngology-utilising-smartphone-as-the-capturing-device
#7
Mehmet Mazhar Çelikoyar, Ozgun Tolga Aktas
Mobile technology has been a significant development. With the advent of smartphones and many applications, it is possible to integrate endoscopic instruments. This is a study where the authors were able to use a smartphone as the capturing device for endoscopic examinations and were able to get satisfactory results on all but two of the 52 patients, doing four endoscopic examinations commonly being performed in otolaryngology clinics: rigid nasal endoscopy, rigid laryngoscopy, otoscopy and flexible fiberoptic naso-laryngoscopy...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744389/orotracheal-intubation-in-a-patient-with-difficult-airway-by-using-fiberoptic-nasotracheal-intubation-a-case-report
#8
Hye Joo Yun, Eunsun So, Myong-Hwan Karm, Hyun Jeong Kim, Kwang-Suk Seo
In cases of a difficult intubation where numerous intubation methods, including laryngoscopy, have failed, yet oral intubation is still necessary, the method of tube exchange after fiberoptic nasal intubation may be attempted. Fiberoptic nasal intubation allows intubation to be performed relatively easily when the laryngeal view grade is poor. We report a case in which our attempt at oral intubation for total maxillectomy with laryngoscopy and fiberoptic oral intubation had failed due to an unexpected difficult airway; subsequently, we successfully completed the surgery by performing fiberoptic nasal intubation to secure the airway, followed by using a tube exchanger to exchange to an oral endotracheal tube...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736223/the-effect-of-swallowing-rehabilitation-on-quality-of-life-of-the-dysphagic-patients-with-cortical-ischemic-stroke
#9
Kadir Bahcecı, Ebru Umay, Ibrahim Gundogdu, Eda Gurcay, Erhan Ozturk, Sibel Alıcura
Background: Swallowing and swallowing-related quality of life studies following stroke were almost always performed by including both patients with brainstem and cortical involvement. It was aimed in this study to show the presence of dysphagia in patients with only cortical ischemic stroke and to investigate the interaction between dysphagia and quality of life as well as to evaluate the effect of a rehabilitation program in the acute phase. Methods: Seventy-two patients with cortical stroke (between 0 and 30 days) and dysphagia were included...
October 7, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717620/age-related-differences-in-diagnostic-accuracy-of-plasma-gfap-and-tau-for-identifying-acute-intracranial-trauma-on-ct-a-track-tbi-study
#10
Raquel C Gardner, Richard Rubenstein, Kevin K W Wang, Frederick Kofi Korley, John K Yue, Esther Lim Yuh, Pratik Mukherjee, Alex Valadka, David O Okonkwo, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Geoffrey Manley
Plasma tau and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) are promising biomarkers for identifying traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients with intracranial trauma on CT. Accuracy in older adults with mild TBI (mTBI), the fastest growing TBI population, is unknown. Our aim was to assess for age-related differences in diagnostic accuracy of plasma tau and GFAP for identifying intracranial trauma on CT. Samples from 169 patients (age <40y [n=79], age 40-59y [n=60], age 60y+ [n=30]), a subset of patients from the TRACK-TBI Pilot study, who presented with mTBI (GCS 13-15), received head CT, and consented to blood-draw within 24h of injury were assayed for hyperphosphorylated-tau (P-tau), total-tau (T-tau; both via amplification-linked enhanced immunoassay using multi-arrayed fiberoptics), and GFAP (via sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay)...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708918/adjusting-pediatric-endotracheal-tube-depths-relative-to-the-cricoid-by-using-longitudinal-ultrasound-images-of-the-saline-inflated-cuff-in-the-trachea-two-case-reports
#11
Kenji Kayashima, Hayato Mizuyama, Miyuki Takesue, Taku Doi, Keiko Imai, Koji Murashima
Cuff positions of endotracheal tubes should be confirmed to ensure safe anesthesia. However, determining the cuff positions relative to the cricoid by using chest radiography or fiberoptic bronchoscopy is difficult. We identified the cephalad edges of saline-inflated pediatric endotracheal tube cuffs relative to the cricoid on longitudinal ultrasound images over the larynx and trachea in 2 children. Thereafter, we adjusted the endotracheal tube depths and confirmed the cuff positions relative to the cricoid...
May 1, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701889/emergency-department-adult-fiberoptic-intubations-incidence-indications-and-implications-for-training
#12
Emily M Hayden, Daniel J Pallin, Susan R Wilcox, James A Gordon, Jestin N Carlson, Ron M Walls, Calvin A Brown
BACKGROUND: To describe the frequency, indications and outcomes of flexible fiberoptic intubations (FFI) performed in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: From the National Emergency Airway Registry (NEAR), we identified all encounters during 7/1/02 through 12/31/12 with the use of FFI. We determined patient, provider and intubation characteristics, success and failure rates, and modes of intubation rescue. RESULTS: Among 17,910 intubations of patients >15 years old at 13 EDs, FFI was used in 204 cases (1...
April 27, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701372/unusual-behavior-of-a-lung-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-case-report
#13
Cristina Rodrigues, Daniel Cabral, Teresa Almodovar, Analisa Ribeiro, Diogo Delgado, Leonor Mota, Samuel Mendes, Magda Alvoeiro, Carolina Torres, Telma Calado, Mariana Antunes, Francisco Félix
INTRODUCTION: 55 years old, male patient. History of heavy smoking (65 UMA) and COPD. Admitted to hospital due to a left pneumonia. Thoracic CT and PET-Scan, showed left lower lobe mass measuring 92x89 mm (SUVmax 49). Several mediastinal node groups presented increased uptake of FDG. A fiberoptic bronchoscopy was performed. Citology of the bronchoalveolar lavage suggested a squamous carcinoma. EBUS of node stations 4R, 4L e 7 without evidence of malignancy. METHODS: The case was taken to a multidisciplinary meeting staged as IIIA (T3N2M0)...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699694/multi-disciplinary-clinical-protocol-for-the-diagnosis-of-bulbar-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#14
Rita Chiaramonte, Carmela Di Luciano, Ignazio Chiaramonte, Agostino Serra, Marco Bonfiglio
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the role of different specialists in the diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), to understand changes in verbal expression and phonation, respiratory dynamics and swallowing that occurred rapidly over a short period of time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 22 patients with bulbar ALS were submitted for voice assessment, ENT evaluation, Multi-Dimensional Voice Program (MDVP), spectrogram, electroglottography, fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing...
April 23, 2018: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695580/clinical-implications-of-transbronchial-biopsy-for-surgically-resected-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#15
Motoaki Yasukawa, Noriyoshi Sawabata, Takeshi Kawaguchi, Norikazu Kawai, Shigeki Taniguchi
BACKGROUND/AIM: Lung biopsies might cause metastasis and/or dissemination. The aim of this study was to review our institutional experience and analyze the outcomes of resection for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), in patients who had received preoperative transbronchial biopsy using fiberoptic bronchoscopy with fluoroscopic imaging (BFS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical records of consecutive patients between 2010 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into two groups (BFS and Non-BFS)...
May 2018: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693979/diagnostic-yield-of-transbronchial-biopsy-in-comparison-to-high-resolution-computerized-tomography-in-sarcoidosis-cases
#16
H Serpil Akten, Hatice Kilic, Bulent Celik, Gonca Erbas, Zeynep Isikdogan, Haluk Turktas, Nurdan Kokturk
This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic yield of fiberoptic bronchoscopic (FOB) transbronchial biopsy and its relation with quantitative findings of high resolution computerized tomography (HRCT). A total of 83 patients, 19 males and 64 females with a mean age of 45.1 years diagnosed with sarcoidosis with complete records of high resolution computerized tomography were retrospectively recruited during the time period from Feb 2005 to Jan 2015. High resolution computerized tomography scans were retrospectively assessed in random order by an experienced observer without knowledge of the bronchoscopic results or lung function tests...
April 25, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690738/-dynamic-variation-trend-and-prognostic-value-of-bronchial-wall-thickness-in-severely-burned-patients-combined-with-inhalation-injury
#17
X Wang, X N Zhang, M L Wu, L C Jia, L N Xie, Y Meng, S H Feng, W Ma
Objective: To explore the dynamic variation trend of bronchial wall thickness (BWT) in severely burned patients combined with inhalation injury, and to determine the value of BWT to prognosis of patients. Methods: Forty-three severely burned patients with inhalation injury hospitalized in Intensive Burn Department of the Affiliated Hospital of Nankai University (Tianjin No.4 Hospital) from July to November 2016, conforming to the study criteria, were divided into survival group ( n =27) and death group ( n =16) according to the prognosis of patients within 14 days after admission...
April 20, 2018: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688927/securing-the-airway-in-pretracheal-dermal-metastases-from-oropharyngeal-carcinoma-a-case-report
#18
Angela T Truong, Dam-Thuy Truong, Ann M Gillenwater, Jose M Soliz, Thomas F Rahlfs
Dermal metastases reflect the ominous and aggressive spread of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas. The rampant proliferation of these metastatic tumors to the neck results in respiratory distress and impending airway obstruction. We report a case of a patient with massive neck dermal metastases requiring urgent airway control for intermittent stridor. Awake tracheostomy is generally regarded as the gold standard to manage the compromised airway. However, in this unusual case, after discussion between surgeon and anesthesiologist, because of the anticipated formidable difficulties in performing awake tracheostomy, it was decided that awake fiberoptic intubation would provide the best chance of success...
April 23, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688857/less-invasive-treatment-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-with-syndromic-craniosynostosis
#19
Silvia Müller-Hagedorn, Cornelia Wiechers, Jörg Arand, Wolfgang Buchenau, Margit Bacher, Michael Krimmel, Siegmar Reinert, Christian F Poets
BACKGROUND: Infants and children with syndromic craniosynostosis (SCS), such as Apert-, Crouzon- or Pfeiffer syndrome, are prone to sleep disordered breathing (SDB) including obstructive sleep apnea and upper airway resistance syndrome (OSAS, UARS), potentially leading to tracheostomy. We modified the Tübingen Palatal Plate (TPP), an oral appliance with a velar extension effectively treating airway obstruction in Robin sequence, by attaching a tube to its velar extension to bridge the narrow pharyngeal airway in SCS patients...
April 23, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684995/successful-airway-management-with-combined-use-of-mcgrath%C3%A2-mac-video-laryngoscope-and-fiberoptic-bronchoscope-in-a-severe-obese-patient-with-huge-goiter-a-case-report
#20
Mee Young Chung, Byunghoon Park, Jaeho Seo, Chang Jae Kim
Huge goitor can lead to tracheal compression and hence difficulty in intubation. This is compounded by severe obesity. Failed tracheal intubation in difficult intubation is a serious event that may lead to increased patient morbidity and mortality. Current intubation rescue techniques and combination of different rescue techniques may increase the success rate of difficult intubation. In a 47-year-old female patient, with severe obesity and a huge goiter, our attempts at intubation using direct laryngoscope, video laryngoscope, and awake fiberoptic bronchoscope had failed...
April 24, 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
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