keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

DC vaccine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920777/physical-interaction-of-t-cells-with-dendritic-cells-is-not-required-for-the-immunomodulatory-effects-of-the-edible-mushroom-agaricus-subrufescens
#1
Ruud H P Wilbers, Lotte B Westerhof, Jan van de Velde, Geert Smant, Debbie R van Raaij, Anton S M Sonnenberg, Jaap Bakker, Arjen Schots
Mushrooms are well known for their immunomodulating capacities. However, little is known about how mushroom-stimulated dendritic cells (DCs) affect T cells. Therefore, we investigated the effect of mushroom compounds derived from seven edible mushroom species on DCs, their fate in DCs, and the effect of the mushroom-stimulated DCs on T cells. Each mushroom species stimulated DCs in a different manner as was revealed from the DC's cytokine response. Assessing DC maturation revealed that only one mushroom species, Agaricus subrufescens, induced complete DC maturation...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918020/effects-of-ovalbumin-protein-nanoparticle-vaccine-size-and-coating-on-dendritic-cell-processing
#2
Timothy Z Chang, Samantha S Stadmiller, Erika Staskevicius, Julie A Champion
Nanoparticle vaccine delivery platforms are a promising technology for enhancing vaccine immunogenicity. Protein nanoparticles (PNPs), made entirely from antigen, have been shown to induce protective immune responses against influenza. However, the fundamental mechanisms by which PNPs enhance component protein immunogenicity are not understood. Here, we investigate the role of size and coating of model ovalbumin (OVA) PNPs on particle uptake and trafficking, as well as on inflammation and maturation factor expression in dendritic cells (DCs) in vitro...
December 5, 2016: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916138/alcohol-exposure-differentially-effects-anti-tumor-immunity-in-females-by-altering-dendritic-cell-function
#3
Matthew G Thompson, Flor Navarro, Lennox Chitsike, Luis Ramirez, Elizabeth J Kovacs, Stephanie K Watkins
Dendritic cells (DCs) are a critical component of anti-tumor immunity due to their ability to induce a robust immune response to antigen (Ag). Alcohol was previously shown to reduce DC ability to present foreign Ag and promote pro-inflammatory responses in situations of infection and trauma. However the impact of alcohol exposure on generation of an anti-tumor response, especially in the context of generation of an immune vaccine has not been examined. In the clinic, DC vaccines are typically generated from autologous blood, therefore prior exposure to substances such as alcohol may be a critical factor to consider regarding the effectiveness in generating an immune response...
December 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910914/in-vivo-stepwise-immunomodulation-using-chitosan-nanoparticles-as-a-platform-nanotechnology-for-cancer-immunotherapy
#4
Hee Dong Han, Yeongseon Byeon, Jong-Hwa Jang, Hat Nim Jeon, Ga Hee Kim, Min Gi Kim, Chan-Gi Pack, Tae Heung Kang, In Duk Jung, Yong Taik Lim, Young Joo Lee, Jeong-Won Lee, Byung Cheol Shin, Hyung Jun Ahn, Anil K Sood, Yeong-Min Park
Dentritic cell (DC)-based cancer immunotherapy faces challenges in both efficacy and practicality. However, DC-based vaccination requires multiple injections and elaborates ex vivo manipulation, which substantially limits their use. Therefore, we sought to develop a chitosan nanoparticle (CH-NP)-based platform for the next generation of vaccines to bypass the ex vivo manipulation and induce immune responses via active delivery of polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid sodium salt (poly I:C) to target Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) in endosomes...
December 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908830/protective-efficacy-of-fc-targeting-conserved-influenza-virus-m2e-antigen-expressed-by-lactobacillus-plantarum
#5
Wen-Tao Yang, Gui-Lian Yang, Qian Wang, Hai-Bin Huang, Yan-Long Jiang, Chun-Wei Shi, Jian-Zhong Wang, Ke-Yan Huang, Yu-Bei Jin, Chun-Feng Wang
The influenza A (H1N1) virus is a highly contagious acute respiratory disease affecting pigs and humans. This disease causes severe economic loss in many countries, and developing mucosal vaccines is an efficient strategy to control the influenza virus. The neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) plays an important role in transferring IgG across polarized epithelial cells. In the present study, an oral vaccine was developed using Lactobacillus plantarum to deliver the internal influenza viral protein M2e fused to an IgG Fc fragment...
November 28, 2016: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902915/characterization-of-chicken-splenic-derived-dendritic-cells-following-vaccine-and-very-virulent-strains-of-infectious-bursal-disease-virus-infection
#6
A R Yasmin, S K Yeap, M Hair-Bejo, A R Omar
Studies have shown that infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) infects lymphoid cells, mainly B cells and macrophages. This study was aimed to examine the involvement of chicken splenic-derived dendritic cells (ch-sDCs) in specific-pathogen-free chickens following inoculation with IBDV vaccine strain (D78) and a very virulent (vv) strain (UPM0081). Following IBDV infection, enriched activated ch-sDCs were collected by using the negative selection method and were examined based on morphology and immunophenotyping to confirm the isolation method for dendritic cells (DCs)...
December 2016: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902338/recombinant-rabies-virus-expressing-il-21-enhances-immunogenicity-through-activation-of-t-follicular-helper-cells-and-germinal-center-b-cells
#7
Yajing Zhang, Ming Zhou, Zhao Wang, Jie Yang, Mingming Li, Kunlun Wang, Min Cui, Huanchun Chen, Zhen F Fu, Ling Zhao
Previous studies have demonstrated that the lack of interleukin-21 (IL-21) signaling could affect specific antibody induction after rabies vaccination. Here, to further investigate the overexpression of IL-21 on the immunogenicity of rabies virus (RABV), a recombinant RABV expressing murine IL-21, designated as LBNSE-IL21, was constructed and evaluated in a mouse model. It was found that mice immunized with LBNSE-IL21 could substantially increase the number of T follicular helper (Tfh) cells and germinal center (GC) B cells but did not enhance dendritic cell (DC) activation...
October 25, 2016: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901642/a-generic-rna-pulsed-dc-based-approach-for-developing-therapeutic-intervention-against-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#8
Rajeev K Tyagi, Rajesh Parmar, Naisargee Patel
The recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma of head-and-neck cancers pathology showed unique symptoms and clinical characteristics. The complexity of pathology poses challenges for developing therapeutic interventional approaches against nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The conventional treatment regimens offer limited local control and survival, which, leads to adverse delayed complications. Our study present a generic monocyte derived dendritic cell (MoDC) vaccine strategy for NPC in which RNA is used as a source of tumor-associated antigens (TAAgs)...
November 30, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898045/dendritic-cell-based-immunotherapies-to-fight-hiv-how-far-from-a-success-story-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Antonio Victor Campos Coelho, Ronald Rodrigues de Moura, Anselmo Jiro Kamada, Ronaldo Celerino da Silva, Rafael Lima Guimarães, Lucas André Cavalcanti Brandão, Luiz Cláudio Arraes de Alencar, Sergio Crovella
The scientific community still faces the challenge of developing strategies to cure HIV-1. One of these pursued strategies is the development of immunotherapeutic vaccines based on dendritic cells (DCs), pulsed with the virus, that aim to boost HIV-1 specific immune response. We aimed to review DCs-based therapeutic vaccines reports and critically assess evidence to gain insights for the improvement of these strategies. We performed a systematic review, followed by meta-analysis and meta-regression, of clinical trial reports...
November 26, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897109/effect-of-the-modification-of-p24-peptide-antigen-on-dendritic-cell-uptake-and-t-cell-activation
#10
P L Smith, K J Norgate, E Hegarty, N Grageda, E Heelas, M Sommerfelt, T Lange, Arnt-Ove Hovden, B Sørenson, A Dalgleish, M Bodman-Smith
BACKGROUND: Vacc-4x is a candidate therapeutic vaccine consisting of 4 modified peptides based on conserved regions of HIV-1 p24Gag. Vacc4x has been shown to induce long term cellular immunity in immunized infected individuals resulting a reduction in viral load on treatment interruption. OBJECTIVE: Vacc-4x peptides are modified. In this study the effect of modification on uptake of the peptides into PBMC, their subsequent presentation and antigenicity was tested...
November 29, 2016: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896368/targeting-of-the-wt191-138-fragment-to-human-dendritic-cells-improves-leukemia-specific-t-cell-responses-providing-an-alternative-approach-to-wt1-based-vaccination
#11
Nergui Dagvadorj, Anne Deuretzbacher, Daniela Weisenberger, Elke Baumeister, Johannes Trebing, Isabell Lang, Carolin Köchel, Markus Kapp, Kerstin Kapp, Andreas Beilhack, Thomas Hünig, Hermann Einsele, Harald Wajant, Götz Ulrich Grigoleit
Due to its immunogenicity and overexpression concomitant with leukemia progression, Wilms tumor protein 1 (WT1) is of particular interest for immunotherapy of AML relapse after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). So far, WT1-specific T-cell responses have mainly been induced by vaccination with peptides presented by certain HLA alleles. However, this approach is still not widely applicable in clinical practice due to common limitations of HLA restriction. Dendritic cell (DC) vaccines electroporated with mRNA encoding full-length protein have also been tested for generating WT1-derived peptides for presentation to T-cells...
November 28, 2016: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895176/the-syk-nfat-il-2-pathway-in-dendritic-cells-is-required-for-optimal-sterile-immunity-elicited-by-alum-adjuvants
#12
Hanif Javanmard Khameneh, Adrian W S Ho, Roberto Spreafico, Heidi Derks, Hazel Q Y Quek, Alessandra Mortellaro
Despite a long history and extensive usage of insoluble aluminum salts (alum) as vaccine adjuvants, the molecular mechanisms underpinning Ag-specific immunity upon vaccination remain unclear. Dendritic cells (DCs) are crucial initiators of immune responses, but little is known about the molecular pathways used by DCs to sense alum and, in turn, activate T and B cells. In this article, we show that alum adjuvanticity requires IL-2 specifically released by DCs, even when T cell secretion of IL-2 is intact. We demonstrate that alum, as well as other sterile particulates, such as uric acid crystals, induces DCs to produce IL-2 following initiation of actin-mediated phagocytosis that leads to Src and Syk kinase activation, Ca(2+) mobilization, and calcineurin-dependent activation of NFAT, the master transcription factor regulating IL-2 expression...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874015/metabolic-sialic-acid-blockade-lowers-the-activation-threshold-of-modcs-for-tlr-stimulation
#13
Christian Büll, Estel Collado-Camps, Esther D Kers-Rebel, Torben Heise, Jonas N Søndergaard, Martijn H den Brok, Barbara M Schulte, Thomas J Boltje, Gosse J Adema
Sialic acid sugars cover the surface of dendritic cells (DCs) and have been suggested to impact several aspects of DC biology. Research into the role of sialic acids in DCs, however, is complicated by the limited number of tools available to modulate sialic acid expression. Here we report on a synthetic, fluorinated sialic acid mimetic, Ac53FaxNeu5Ac, which potently blocks sialic acid expression in human monocyte-derived DCs (moDCs). Sialic acid blockade enhanced the responsiveness of moDCs to Toll-like receptor (TLR) stimulation as measured by increased maturation marker expression and cytokine production...
November 22, 2016: Immunology and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872213/autocrine-type-i-ifn-signaling-in-dendritic-cells-stimulated-with-fungal-%C3%AE-glucans-or-lipopolysaccharide-promotes-cd8-t-cell-activation
#14
Nargess Hassanzadeh-Kiabi, Alberto Yáñez, Ivy Dang, Gislâine A Martins, David M Underhill, Helen S Goodridge
Type I IFNs are key mediators of immune defense against viruses and bacteria. Type I IFNs were also previously implicated in protection against fungal infection, but their roles in antifungal immunity have not been thoroughly investigated. A recent study demonstrated that bacterial and fungal β-glucans stimulate IFN-β production by dendritic cells (DCs) following detection by the Dectin-1 receptor, but the effects of β-glucan-induced type I IFNs have not been defined. We investigated whether type I IFNs regulate CD8 T cell activation by fungal β-glucan particle-stimulated DCs...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863552/generation-of-potent-porcine-monocyte-derived-dendritic-cells-modcs-by-modified-culture-protocol
#15
Teerawut Nedumpun, Patcharee Ritprajak, Sanipa Suradhat
In vitro derivation of dendritic cells (DCs) is an alternative approach to overcome the low frequency of primary DCs and the difficulty of isolation techniques for studying DC immunobiology. To date, the conventional culture protocol of porcine monocyte-derived DCs (MoDCs) has been widely used. However, this protocol is not practical due to the requirement of a substantial number of blood monocytes, and the process often interferes with DC maturation. To improve in vitro porcine MoDC generation, we modified the previous conventional DC generation protocol, based on the human and mouse primary DC culture system, and compared phenotypic and functional features of MoDCs derived from the modified protocol to the conventional protocol...
December 2016: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853652/human-blood-myeloid-and-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cells-cross-activate-each-other-and-synergize-in-inducing-nk-cell-cytotoxicity
#16
Jasper J P van Beek, Mark A J Gorris, Annette E Sköld, Ibrahim Hatipoglu, Heleen H Van Acker, Evelien L Smits, I Jolanda M de Vries, Ghaith Bakdash
Human blood dendritic cells (DCs) hold great potential for use in anticancer immunotherapies. CD1c(+) myeloid DCs and plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs) have been successfully utilized in clinical vaccination trials against melanoma. We hypothesize that combining both DC subsets in a single vaccine can further improve vaccine efficacy. Here, we have determined the potential synergy between the two subsets in vitro on the level of maturation, cytokine expression, and effector cell induction. Toll-like receptor (TLR) stimulation of CD1c(+) DCs induced cross-activation of immature pDCs and vice versa...
2016: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843314/toll-like-receptor-3-induced-immune-response-by-poly-d-l-lactide-co-glycolide-nanoparticles-for-dendritic-cell-based-cancer-immunotherapy
#17
Hee Dong Han, Yeongseon Byeon, Tae Heung Kang, In Duk Jung, Jeong-Won Lee, Byung Cheol Shin, Young Joo Lee, Anil K Sood, Yeong-Min Park
Dendritic cells (DCs) are potent professional antigen-presenting cells that are capable of initiating a primary immune response and activating T cells, and they play a pivotal role in the immune responses of the host to cancer. Prior to antigen presentation, efficient antigen and adjuvant uptake by DCs is necessary to induce their maturation and cytokine generation. Nanoparticles (NPs) are capable of intracellular delivery of both antigen and adjuvant to DCs. Here, we developed an advanced poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)-NP encapsulating both ovalbumin (OVA) as a model antigen and polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid sodium salt (Toll-like receptor 3 ligand) as an adjuvant to increase intracellular delivery and promote DC maturation...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823637/migration-of-dendritic-cells-to-the-lymph-nodes-and-its-enhancement-to-drive-anti-tumor-responses
#18
REVIEW
Narges Seyfizadeh, Ravikumar Muthuswamy, Duane A Mitchell, Stefan Nierkens, Nayer Seyfizadeh
Better prognoses associated with increased T cell infiltration of tumors, as seen with chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapies and immune checkpoint inhibitors, portray the importance and potential of the immune system in controlling tumors. This has rejuvenated the field of cancer immunotherapy leading to an increasing number of immunotherapies developed for cancer patients. Dendritic Cells (DCs) vaccines represent an appealing option for cancer immunotherapy since DCs have the ability to circumvent tolerance to tumors by its adjuvant properties and to induce memory T cells that can become persistent after initial tumor clearance to engage potential metastatic tumors...
November 2016: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819292/saponin-based-adjuvants-induce-cross-presentation-in-dendritic-cells-by-intracellular-lipid-body-formation
#19
Martijn H den Brok, Christian Büll, Melissa Wassink, Annemarie M de Graaf, Jori A Wagenaars, Marthe Minderman, Mayank Thakur, Sebastian Amigorena, Eric O Rijke, Carla C Schrier, Gosse J Adema
Saponin-based adjuvants (SBAs) are being used in animal and human (cancer) vaccines, as they induce protective cellular immunity. Their adjuvant potency is a factor of inflammasome activation and enhanced antigen cross-presentation by dendritic cells (DCs), but how antigen cross-presentation is induced is not clear. Here we show that SBAs uniquely induce intracellular lipid bodies (LBs) in the CD11b+ DC subset in vitro and in vivo. Using genetic and pharmacological interference in models for vaccination and in situ tumour ablation, we demonstrate that LB induction is causally related to the saponin-dependent increase in cross-presentation and T-cell activation...
November 7, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812358/induction-of-dendritic-cell-maturation-and-activation-by-a-potential-adjuvant-2-hydroxypropyl-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin
#20
Sun Kyung Kim, Cheol-Heui Yun, Seung Hyun Han
2-Hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD) is a chemically modified cyclic oligosaccharide produced from starch that is commonly used as an excipient. Although HP-β-CD has been suggested as a potential adjuvant for vaccines, its immunological properties and mechanism of action have yet to be characterized. In the present study, we investigated the maturation and activation of human dendritic cells (DCs) treated with HP-β-CD. We found that DCs stimulated with HP-β-CD exhibited a remarkable upregulation of costimulatory molecules, MHC proteins, and PD-L1/L2...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
keyword
keyword
8566
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"