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Himalayan salt

Karma Yeshi, Phurpa Wangchuk
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Geological materials/minerals have been used in the Himalayan Sowa Rigpa and Bhutanese traditional medicine (BTM) for treating various disorders for thousands of years. AIM OF THE STUDY: Our study reports the chemical identification of various geological materials and their ethno-medicinal uses for the first time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A five stage process was conducted including: (1) a survey of specialized ancient ethnomedical literatures (Pharmacopoeias and formularies); (2) freely listing the mineral ingredients reported in the ancient Sowa Rigpa medical texts and translating their ethnomedical uses in equivalent terms in English; (3) cross-checking the chemical names and chemical composition of identified minerals with various mineral databases and mineral handbooks; (4) Authentication and standardization of Sowa Rigpa names through open forum discussion with BTM practitioners; (5) further confirmation of the chemical names of identified minerals by consulting experts and pharmacognosist...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Rajiv Kumar Gupta, Bhavna Langer, Sunil Kumar Raina, Rashmi Kumari, Reyaz Jan, Renu Rani
INTRODUCTION: Iodine deficiency disorder remains one of the major public health problems, despite it being easily preventable. Initially thought as the disorder of Himalayan goiter belt, the disorder has been found to have a pan-India presence. The study was planned with the aim to assess the prevalence of goiter among 6-12 years school-going children and to identify levels of iodine in salt consumed at the household level in the study area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted among 3955 school-going (2162 children from Rajouri and 1793 children from Poonch) children age 6-12 years in Rajouri and Poonch districts of Jammu Province...
October 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
K Sharma, R Mahajan, S Attri, G Goel
AIMS: The population of the Himalayan region is known to consume a variety of fermented and nonfermented foods and as a result they have been benefited in terms of overall health, because of the associated beneficial microbes. Therefore, the focus of the present study was to identify new strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from dairy products such as milk (cow, goat, buffalo) and fermented products (curd and buttermilk) with properties suitable for use as probiotic cultures. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 75 isolates tentatively identified as LAB from 100 samples were initially screened for production of β-haemolysin as indicators of virulence which resulted in 38 isolates with no haemolytic activity...
May 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
Anees A Syed, Shibani Lahiri, Divya Mohan, Guru R Valicherla, Anand P Gupta, Mohammed Riyazuddin, Sudhir Kumar, Rakesh Maurya, Kashif Hanif, Jiaur R Gayen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ulmus wallichiana Planchon (Himalayan Elm), a traditional medicinal plant, used in fracture healing in folk tradition of Uttarakhand, Himalaya, India. It is also used as diuretic. U. rhynchophylla, native to China, known as Gou Teng in Chinese medicine, is used for hypertension (WHO). U. macrocarpa has antihypertensive and vasorelaxant activity. However, no detailed studies related to hypertension have been reported previously, so we have explored the antihypertensive activity of U...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Sandip More, Dipak Kumar Paruya, Suchana Taral, Tapan Chakraborty, Subir Bera
A rich and diverse palynoassemblage recovered from the Churanthi River section (26°53' 59.3" N, 88°34' 17.2" E), Darjeeling foothills Eastern Himalaya, has yielded 87 species assigned to 69 genera. The palynoassemblage is rich in angiosperm taxa (45.63%) followed by gymnosperms (0.45%), pteridophytes (18.49%) and fungal remains (23.88%). Based on their nearest living relatives, a wet evergreen to semi-evergreen forest under a humid tropical to sub-tropical environment during the Mio-Pliocene age has been suggested...
2016: PloS One
Bhanu Manjunath, G Suman, T Hemanth, N S Shivaraj, N S Murthy
In India, endemic goitre is present in sub-Himalayan region and in pockets in states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Gujarat. Being a public health problem amenable for prevention, the assessment of prevalence of endemic goitre in an area helps in understanding whether the preventive strategies under National Iodine Deficiency Disorder Control Program (NIDDCP) have any impact on the control of endemic goitre. Hence, the current study was carried out to determine the prevalence, distribution and factors associated with iodine deficiency goitre among 6-12-year-old children in a rural area in south Karnataka...
January 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Deepika Sharma, Gunjan Goel, Saurabh Bansal, Rishi Mahajan, B M Sharma, Rajinder Singh Chauhan
Characterization of cellulolytic activities of newly isolated Thelephora sowerbyi from North-Western Himalayas on different lignocellulosic substrate J. Basic Microbiol. 2015, 55, 1-11 - DOI: 10.1002/jobm.201500107 The above article from the Journal of Basic Microbiology, published online on 08 June 2015 in Wiley Online Library as Early View (, has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the Editor-in-Chief and Wiley-VCH GmbH & Co. KGaA...
2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Jatinder Kumar, Priyanka Dhar, Amol B Tayade, Damodar Gupta, Om P Chaurasia, Dalip K Upreti, Kiran Toppo, Rajesh Arora, M R Suseela, Ravi B Srivastava
The freshwater alga Spirogyra porticalis (Muell.) Cleve, a filamentous charophyte, collected from the Indian trans-Himalayan cold desert, was identified on the basis of morpho-anatomical characters. Extracts of this alga were made using solvents of varying polarity viz. n-hexane, acetonitrile, methanol and water. The antioxidant capacities and phenolic profile of the extracts were estimated. The methanol extract showing highest antioxidant capacity and rich phenolic attributes was further investigated and phytochemical profiling was conducted by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) hyphenated technique...
2015: PloS One
Sridhar P V, Kamala C S
INTRODUCTION: Iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) is one of the preventable major public health problems in India. It has been always thought that goitre was only found in the Himalayan goitre belt. Recent surveys outside the conventional goitre belt have identified foci of iodine deficiency in other parts of India. AIM: 1) To assess the prevalence of goitre among school-going children in the age group of 6-15 years. 2) To find out the relationship of goitre prevalence with the salt intake and urinary iodine excretion...
August 2014: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Jatinder Kumar, Priyanka Dhar, Amol B Tayade, Damodar Gupta, Om P Chaurasia, Dalip K Upreti, Rajesh Arora, Ravi B Srivastava
Fourteen saxicolous lichens from trans-Himalayan Ladakh region were identified by morpho-anatomical and chemical characteristics. The n-hexane, methanol and water extracts of the lichens were evaluated for their antioxidant capacities. The lichen extracts showing high antioxidant capacities and rich phenolic content were further investigated to determine their cytotoxic activity on human HepG2 and RKO carcinoma cell lines. The ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), 2,2'-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS), 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and nitric oxide (NO) radical scavenging capacities and β-carotene-linoleic acid bleaching property exhibited analogous results where the lichen extracts showed high antioxidant action...
2014: PloS One
Akhil Bandhu Biswas, Dilip Kumar Das, Indranil Chakraborty, Asit Kumar Biswas, Puran Kumar Sharma, Romy Biswas
National iodine deficiency disorders control program needs to be continuously monitored. Hence, a cross-sectional study was conducted during the period from April-May 2011 to assess the prevalence of goiter, status of urinary iodine excretion (UIE) level and to estimate iodine content of salts at the household level in Darjeeling district, West Bengal. Study subjects were 2400 school children, aged 8-10 years selected through "30 cluster" sampling methodology. Goiter was assessed by standard palpation technique, UIE was estimated by wet digestion method and salt samples were tested by spot iodine testing kit...
April 2014: Indian Journal of Public Health
Kusum Dhakar, Avinash Sharma, Anita Pandey
Twenty five fungal cultures (Penicillium spp.), isolated from soil samples from the high altitudes in the Indian Himalayan region, have been characterized following polyphasic approach. Colony morphology performed on five different media gave varying results; potato dextrose agar being the best for the vegetative growth and sporulation as well. Microscopic observations revealed 18 isolates to be biverticillate and 7 monoverticillate. Based on the phenotypic characters (colony morphology and microscopy), all the isolates were designated to the genus Penicillium...
April 2014: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Priyanka Dhar, Prabodh Kumar Bajpai, Amol Bapurao Tayade, Om Prakash Chaurasia, Ravi Bihari Srivastava, Shashi Bala Singh
BACKGROUND: Himalayan plants are widely used in traditional system of medicine both as prophylactics and therapeutics for high altitude maladies. Our aim was to evaluate the antioxidant capacities and bioactive compounds of methanol and n-hexane extracts of the phytococktail comprising of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides), apricot (Prunus armeniaca) and roseroot (Rhodiola imbricata) from trans-Himalaya. METHODS: The 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2'-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS) and nitric oxide (NO) radical scavenging capacities and lipid peroxidation inhibition (LPI) property of the extracts were determined...
October 7, 2013: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Bashir Ahmed Charoo, Riyaz Ahmed Sofi, Sobia Nisar, Parvaiz A Shah, Shenaz Taing, Henaan Jeelani, Fayaz Ahmed, Shameem Parveen, Zaffar Amin Shah, Syed Mudasir, Masood Malik, Mohd Ashraf Ganie
INTRODUCTION: Normal pregnancy results in a number of important physiological and hormonal changes that alter thyroid function. In pregnancy, the thyroid gland being subjected to physiological stress undergoes several adaptations to maintain sufficient output of thyroid hormones for both mother and fetus. Consequently, pregnant women have been found to be particularly vulnerable to iodine deficiency disorders (IDD), and compromised iodine status during pregnancy has been found to affect the thyroid function and cognition in the neonates...
March 2013: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Vinod Kumar, Prashant Singh, Milko A Jorquera, Punesh Sangwan, Piyush Kumar, A K Verma, Sanjeev Agrawal
Phytase-producing bacteria (PPB) is being investigated as plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) to improve the phosphorus (P) nutrition and growth of plants grown in soil with high phytate content. Phytate is dominant organic P forms in many soils and must be hydrolyzed to be available for plants. Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) is a plant with economic importance in agriculture and phytoremediation, therefore biotechnological tools to improve growth and environmental stress tolerance are needed. In this study, we isolated and characterized PPB from Himalayan soils and evaluated their effect on growth and P uptake by B...
August 2013: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
J Das, T K Dangar
Diversity of the Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) in the rice field soils of different ecologies viz. the island (Port Blair), the Himalayan (Srinagar), brackish water (Mahe) and coastal mesophilic (Mangalore) habitats was analyzed by phenotypic characterization of 5, 66, 14 and 54 Bt isolates, respectively. The Bt isolates produced either monotypic (bipyramidal or spherical) or heterotypic (polymorphic-bipyramidal or bipyramidal-rhomboidal) crystals. The organisms were generally resistant to the penicillin group of antibiotics, tolerated 5-12% NaCl and 0...
December 2007: Indian Journal of Microbiology
P R Broadway, J M Behrends, M W Schilling
Fresh chicken breast fillets were marinated with gourmet-style salts: Himalayan pink salt, Sonoma gourmet salt, sel gus de Guerande, and Bolivian rose salt to evaluate their effects on marination and cook loss yields, tenderness, sensory attributes, and sodium concentration. Fresh chicken breast fillets (48-h postmortem) were vacuum tumbled (137 kPa at 20 rpm for 17 min) in a solution of water, salt, and sodium tripolyphosphate at a level of 20% of the meat weights. Instrumental analyses showed no significant difference (P > 0...
December 2011: Poultry Science
A K Chandra, A Bhattacharjee, T Malik, S Ghosh
OBJECTIVES: The present work was undertaken to evaluate the prevalence of goiter, state of iodine nutrition of the population, distribution of iodine through edible salt, bioavailability of iodine, consumption of common goitrogenic food that generally interfere with iodine nutrition in Naugarh sub-division of Siddharthnagar district in Uttar Pradesh, India. SETTING: Five areas were selected from 5 Community Development (CD) Blocks taking one from each by purposive sampling method...
June 2008: Indian Pediatrics
Sripathy Gopalakrishnan, S P Singh, Walia Ram Prasad, Sushil Kumar Jain, Vinod Kumar Ambardar, Rajan Sankar
Delhi lies in the sub-Himalayan plains and the existence of iodine deficiency is well established. Iodised salt was introduced in Delhi nearly two decades ago. The aim of the present study was to determine the status of iodine nutrition in school-aged children and the prevalence of autoimmune thyroiditis. A total of 4,320 schoolchildren (2,218 [51.3%] boys) aged 10-16 years were studied. Goitre was detected in 396 children, an overall goitre prevalence of 9.2%. Of the 396 children with goitre, 112 (28.3%) had evidence of autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT)...
July 2006: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Anita Pandey, Pankaj Trivedi, Bhavesh Kumar, Lok Man S Palni
The morphological, biochemical, and physiological characteristics of a phosphate solubilizing and antagonistic bacterial strain, designated as B0, isolated from a sub-alpine Himalayan forest site have been described. The isolate is gram negative, rod shaped, 0.8 x 1.6 microm in size, and psychrotrophic in nature that could grow from 0 to 35 degrees C (optimum temp. 25 degrees C). It exhibited tolerance to a wide pH range (3-12; optimum 8.0) and salt concentration up to 4% (w/v). Although it was sensitive to kanamycin, gentamicin, and streptomycin (<10 microg mL(-1)), it showed resistance to higher concentrations of ampicillin, penicillin, and carbenicillin (>1000 microg mL(-1))...
August 2006: Current Microbiology
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