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pain abdomen

Chu Woon Ng, Anna Sandstrom, Grace Lim
BACKGROUND: Hernias of the posterior rectus sheath are very rare abdominal wall hernias with only a handful of cases reported in the literature to date. As an uncommon disease, it is important to recognize and report this case in order to enhance scientific knowledge of this disease. CASE PRESENTATION: This case report presents a spontaneous posterior rectus sheath herniation in a 79-year-old white man with previous abdominal surgery for appendicitis. His herniation was discovered incidentally during an examination for his chief complaints of lower abdominal pain and diarrhea which were later diagnosed as Salmonella-related gastroenteritis...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Jorge F Tufiño, Darwin S Espin, Miguel A Moyon, Fernando X Moyon, Jaime M Cevallos, Lenin J Guzmán, Gabriel A Molina
Intestinal duplication is rare congenital pathology generally diagnosed in infancy or early childhood. Presentation in adults is extremely rare. We present a case of a 36-year-old otherwise healthy female patient without any past medical history. She presented with a month of lower abdominal pain, clinical examination revealed pain and a palpable mass in the lower abdomen. CT scan confirmed a cystic mass dependent of the cecum wall and colonoscopy showed an extrinsic compression of the lateral wall of the ascending colon...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Farah Kazzaz, Sujith V Cherian, Xiaohong Wang, Shahreen Billah, Rosa M Estrada-Y-Martin
A 64-year-old Latin American woman was referred for evaluation of an incidental pulmonary nodule. She had originally presented to her primary care physician with complaints of abdominal pain warranting a CT scan of the abdomen, which revealed a right lower lobe pulmonary nodule. She denied any complaints of shortness of breath or cough. Review of systems was unremarkable and medical history was significant for hypertension only. She also denied primary or secondary tobacco exposure or any recreational drug abuse...
April 2018: Chest
Yang Ye, Xue-Rui Wang, Yang Zheng, Jing-Wen Yang, Na-Na Yang, Guang-Xia Shi, Cun-Zhi Liu
Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a common functional gastrointestinal disorder with pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen as the main characteristic. The prevalence of FD worldwide varies between 5% and 11%. This condition adversely affects attendance and productivity in the workplace. Emerging evidence is beginning to unravel the pathophysiologies of FD, and new data on treatment are helping to guide evidence-based practice. In order to better understand the pathophysiologies of FD and explore better treatment options, various kinds of animal models of FD have been developed...
2018: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Sidra Khalid, Aariez Khalid, Hamed Daw
Ovarian vein thrombosis (OVT) is an rare condition, which can present in the postpartum period. We present a case of a 35-year-old female who presented with right lower quadrant pain and fever. Her computed tomography (CT) abdomen revealed a dilated right ovarian vein with soft tissue attenuation material in its lumen that extended into the inferior vena cava, along with fat stranding of the surrounding soft tissues signifying thrombophlebitis. She was treated with enoxaparin and piperacillin-tazobactam, which lead to a resolution of the thrombus...
February 1, 2018: Curēus
Adel Alhaj Saleh, Rachel Slate, Zaina Habrawi, Amir H Aryaie
INTRODUCTION: Morbid obesity is increasing worldwide as a result, weight loss procedures such as Roux- En-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are increasing as well. RYGB has multiple complications including intussusception, most of the cases are jejuno-jejunal. Only one case reported to be Jejuno-gastric intussusception (JGI) but through the remnant and not the gastro-jejunostomy anastomosis (GJ). CASE REPORT: A 50-year-old female presented to the emergency department complaining of diffuse abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting...
March 26, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Sody A Naimer
BACKGROUND: Despite the broad differential diagnosis in any patient referring with symptoms involving the chest or abdomen, a small number of conditions overshadow the rest by their probability. Chest and abdominal wall pain continues to constitute a common and expensive overlooked source of pain of unknown cause. In particular, cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome is commonly encountered but not easily diagnosed unless its specific symptoms are sought and the precise physical examination undertaken...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Da Jun Than, Teo Ten Ern, Khasnizal Bin Abdul Karim
INTRODUCTION: Wandering spleen is a rare clinical entity in itself, with only 2 cases reported thus far when correlated with congenital under-development of the kidney, it usually happens due to under development of its surrounding ligaments. Herein we present a case of wandering spleen with underlying congenital deformity of horseshoe kidney which requires splenectomy due to late presentation. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 21 year old lady presented with worsening of chronic abdominal pain for 3 years, associated with nausea and vomiting...
March 22, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Eoghan Burke, Tara Connelly, Abeera Mehmood, Maurice Murphy, Gerrard O'Donoghue
We report a case of a 79-year-old gentleman who presented to the emergency department with a 5-day history of abdominal pain, constipation, a progressively distending abdomen and new onset feculent vomiting on a background of a recent endoscopic decompression of a sigmoid volvulus. Investigations confirmed the presence of a recurrent sigmoid volvulus. Attempts to reduce this endoscopically failed and laparotomy with sub-total colectomy and ileostomy formation was performed. Histology from the resected specimen identified a distinct pathology, namely intestinal lipofuscinosis also known as brown bowel syndrome...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Archana Kulkarni, Hamza Arif, Manik Veer, Kateyln Ziggas, Amit Kaura, Meera Sareen
Hepatic infarction is rare due to the unique dual hepatic blood supply from the hepatic artery and the portal vein. Herein, we report a case of hepatic infarction that occurred as a complication of acute pancreatitis. The patient was a 58-year-old male with past medical history of chronic alcoholism, who presented with epigastric abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Hepatic infarction was diagnosed with computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis without contrast, which revealed suspicion of splenic vein thrombosis and peripancreatic fat stranding along with a wedge-shaped, peripheral hypo density in the right hepatic lobe with typical morphology for hepatic infarction...
March 2018: Clinical and experimental hepatology
Brad Nitzsche, Maggie Dwiggins, Susan Catt
Background: Uterine rupture of an unscarred primigravid uterus is an exceedingly rare event. Cases of spontaneous rupture of an unscarred bicornuate uterus have been reported, but typically occur in the first or second trimester. Case: A 28-year-old primigravida at 37 weeks gestation with a known bicornuate uterus and no prior surgery underwent an emergent cesarean section after presenting with severe abdominal pain and signs of fetal compromise. She was found to have a uterine rupture with the fetus free in the abdomen accompanied by a large hemoperitoneum...
July 2017: Case Reports in Women's Health
Jeremy Berger, Michael P Carroll, Edward Champoux, Christopher A Coop
We present a case with extremely late diagnosis of type II hereditary angioedema (HAE). Given recent advances in HAE treatment, we want to bring physician awareness to this condition and aid in earlier detection. HAE is a disorder associated with episodes of angioedema of the face, larynx, lips, abdomen, or extremities. Late diagnosis of HAE can lead to significant morbidity and is severely impairing due to recurring attacks. The diagnosis of HAE is ordinarily made during childhood and adolescence. Delayed diagnoses in early and middle adulthood have been documented in the literature...
March 26, 2018: Military Medicine
Fan Chen, Beifang Liu, Ying Yu, Jianyang Du, Dawei Chen
BACKGROUND: Malignant mesotheliomas are aggressive and rapidly-fatal neoplasms arising from the mesothelial cells. The most common sites of origin are the pleural and peritoneal cavities, and additionally, malignant mesotheliomas can also infrequently involve the pericardium and the tunica vaginalis. However, malignant mesothelioma occurring in the spinal canal is extremely rare. Herein, we reported a case with primary spinal malignant mesothelioma. METHODS: A literature search was using PubMed with specific key terms, inclusion criteria, and exclusion criteria...
March 24, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Sireesha Reddy, Kalbir Singh, Susan Hughes
Streptococcus intermedius is a Gram-positive bacterium that is part of the normal flora in the oral cavity, as well as in the upper respiratory, female urogenital, and gastrointestinal tracts. It may also be found in human feces and is the dominant species found in subgingival plaque. We present a case of a 50-year-old man who came to the emergency room with abdominal pain for weeks associated with nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, and fever. A computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen showed numerous cysts throughout the liver...
January 24, 2018: Curēus
Vahe Shahnazarian, Daryl Ramai, Tagore Sunkara, Vinaya Gaduputi, Andrea Culliford
A 28-year-old female presented to the emergency department (ED) with a one-day history of severe, diffuse abdominal pain of sudden onset. In the ED, an abdominal x-ray was done, which showed two hyperdense disc-shaped structures. When her abdominal pain did not subside, the ED performed a computerized tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen and pelvis with contrast, which showed the two previously noted 16 mm disc-shaped objects to actually be located within the cecum. Based on the history and imaging, it was deduced that the two discs were likely to be Pepto-Bismol tablets (Proctor & Gamble Co...
January 23, 2018: Curēus
Alan Lucerna, James Espinosa, Kelly Schuitema, Risha Hertz
Abdominal pain is a common presentation in emergency medicine. We describe the case of a 54-year-old female who presented to the emergency department due to worsening abdominal pain. She had a history of right upper quadrant (RUQ) abdominal pain that had been ongoing for several months. The pain had been thought by the primary care team to be related to gastritis and she had been prescribed a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). Her abdominal pain increased in the three days prior to her presentation to the emergency department (ED)...
2018: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Himanshu Agrawal, Nikhil Gupta, Umesh Krishengowda, Arun Kumar Gupta, Dipankar Naskar, C K Durga
Gossypiboma is the retained foreign body which is generally a cotton sponge/gauze after surgery. Incidence of gossypiboma is around one in 3000 to 5000 surgeries. This low incidence is mainly attributed to a low case reporting due to an associated medicolegal aspect. We are reporting a case of a 38 years old male, who presented with signs and symptoms of peritonitis. The patient had a history of open cholecystectomy 2 years back. A working diagnosis of perforation peritonitis was made, and the patient underwent exploratory laparotomy...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
A R Mohammadzade, F Esmaili
The laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the gold standard to treat gallstone. To view the surgical site in this type of operations better, carbon dioxide is used with a certain pressure. The current study aimed to compare the hemodynamic symptoms and the level of abdominal pain due to using high- and low-pressure carbon dioxide in patients undergoing LC. The current double-blind randomized clinical trial was conducted on 60 patients with the age range of 20-70 years old undergoing LC. The first and second groups experienced PaCO2 of 7-10 and 12-14 mmHg, respectively...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
Ken Okamoto, Maki Kurita, Hiroshi Yamaguchi, Yuki Numakura, Michiko Oka
BACKGROUND: Experimental autoimmune prostatitis (EAP) shares important clinical features with clinical chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain. We investigated the effect of tadalafil on pelvic pain and prostatic inflammation in a rat EAP model. METHODS: EAP was induced in rats by intradermal injection of rat prostate antigen and complete Freund's adjuvant on days 0 and 28. Rats were treated with tadalafil (2 mg/kg, p.o.; EAP-tadalafil) or vehicle (EAP-vehicle) once daily from day 0, while sham-operated animals were treated with vehicle only (Sham)...
March 26, 2018: Prostate
Young Erben, Adam J Brownstein, Sareh Rajaee, Yupeng Li, John A Rizzo, Hamid Mojibian, Bulat A Ziganshin, John A Elefteriades
OBJECTIVE: Splanchnic artery aneurysms (SAAs) are rare, and little is known about their natural history and management. We reviewed our single-center experience in managing this population of patients. METHODS: A retrospective review of the Yale radiologic database from January 1999 to December 2016 was performed. Only patients with an SAA and a computed tomography scan of the abdomen were selected for review. Demographics of the patients, aneurysm characteristics, management, postoperative complications, and follow-up data were collected...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
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