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ultrasound in anesthesiology

Monika Bekiesińska-Figatowska, Ewa Helwich, Magdalena Rutkowska, Joanna Stankiewicz, Iwona Terczyńska
INTRODUCTION: The authors present the first experience in neonatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations using an MR compatible incubator (INC) at the Institute of Mother and Child. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-nine examinations of 47 newborns (20 girls, 27 boys) were performed using the GE Signa HDxt 1.5T system and INC Nomag IC 1.5. Demographic data, anesthetic methods and MRI findings in the INC in comparison with previously performed imaging were analyzed...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Lu Yeh, Mario Montealegre-Gallegos, Feroze Mahmood, Philip E Hess, Marc Shnider, John D Mitchell, Stephanie B Jones, Azad Mashari, Vanessa Wong, Robina Matyal
OBJECTIVES: Understanding of the workflow of perioperative ultrasound (US) examination is an integral component of proficiency. Workflow consists of the practical steps prior to executing an US examination (eg, equipment operation). Whereas other proficiency components (ie, cognitive knowledge and manual dexterity) can be tested, workflow understanding is difficult to define and assess due to its contextual and institution-specific nature. The objective was to define the workflow components of specific perioperative US applications using an iterative process to reach a consensus opinion...
July 9, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Gaspar Alberto Motta-Ramírez
BACKGROUND: Trauma is the most common cause of death in young adults. A multidisciplinary trauma team consists of at least a surgical team, an anesthesiology team, radiologic team, and an emergency department team. OBJECTIVE: Recognize the integration of multidisciplinary medical team in managing the trauma patient and which must include the radiologist physician responsible for the institutional approach to the systematization of the trauma patient regarding any radiological and imaging study with emphasis on the FAST (del inglés, Focused Assessment with Sonography in Trauma)/USTA, Whole body computed tomography...
July 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
Kariem El-Boghdadly, Richelle Kruisselbrink, Vincent W S Chan, Anahi Perlas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Anesthesiology
Stine C Primdahl, Tobias Todsen, Louise Clemmesen, Lars Knudsen, Jesper Weile
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral vascular access is vital for treatment and diagnostics of hospitalized patients. Ultrasound-guided vascular access (UGVA) is superior to the landmark technique. To ensure competence-based education, an assessment tool of UGVA competence is needed. We aimed to develop a global rating scale (RS) for assessment of UGVA competence based on opinions on the content from ultrasound experts in a modified Delphi consensus study. METHODS: We included experts from anesthesiology, emergency medicine and radiology across university hospitals in Denmark...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
Christoph F Dietrich, Adrian Goudie, Liliana Chiorean, Xin Wu Cui, Odd Helge Gilja, Yi Dong, Jacques S Abramowicz, Sudhir Vinayak, Susan Campbell Westerway, Christian Pállson Nolsøe, Yi-Hong Chou, Michael Blaivas
Over the last decade, the use of portable ultrasound scanners has enhanced the concept of point of care ultrasound (PoC-US), namely, "ultrasound performed at the bedside and interpreted directly by the treating clinician." PoC-US is not a replacement for comprehensive ultrasound, but rather allows physicians immediate access to clinical imaging for rapid and direct solutions. PoC-US has already revolutionized everyday clinical practice, and it is believed that it will dramatically change how ultrasound is applied in daily practice...
July 26, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Feroze Mahmood, Robina Matyal, Nikolaos Skubas, Mario Montealegre-Gallegos, Madhav Swaminathan, Andre Denault, Roman Sniecinski, John D Mitchell, Mark Taylor, Stephen Haskins, Sajid Shahul, Achikam Oren-Grinberg, Patrick Wouters, Douglas Shook, Scott T Reeves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Michael Tien, Christopher M Aiudi, Hans P Sviggum, Timothy R Long
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to design and implement a preclinical elective (termed selective) in anesthesiology, critical care, and perioperative medicine and to report survey results assessing the impact of the selective on first- and second-year medical students' understanding of basic concepts, comfort with procedural skills, and interest in the specialty. DESIGN: Preinvention and postintervention survey evaluation was used as the design of this study...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Christina S Boncyk, Kristopher M Schroeder, Brooke Anderson, Richard E Galgon
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare hands-on gel phantom versus instructional video teaching methods to improve anesthesia residents and staff members' ability to correctly identify airway structures using ultrasound on a human volunteer. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Simulation laboratory. STUDY SUBJECTS: Fifty-four anesthesiology resident and staff members (27 anesthesiologists and 27 anesthesiology residents) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Robert McGraw, Tim Chaplin, Conor McKaigney, Louise Rang, Melanie Jaeger, Damian Redfearn, Colleen Davison, Tamas Ungi, Matthew Holden, Caitlin Yeo, Zsuzsanna Keri, Gabor Fichtinger
OBJECTIVE: To develop a simulation-based curriculum for residents to learn ultrasound-guided (USG) central venous catheter (CVC) insertion, and to study the volume and type of practice that leads to technical proficiency. METHODS: Ten post-graduate year two residents from the Departments of Emergency Medicine and Anesthesiology completed four training sessions of two hours each, at two week intervals, where they engaged in a structured program of deliberate practice of the fundamental skills of USG CVC insertion on a simulator...
May 16, 2016: CJEM
T Kyle Harrison, T Edward Kim, Alex Kou, Cynthia Shum, Edward R Mariano, Steven K Howard
Ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia (UGRA) requires an advanced procedural skill set that incorporates both sonographic knowledge of relevant anatomy as well as technical proficiency in needle manipulation in order to achieve a successful outcome. Understanding how to differentiate a novice from an expert in UGRA using a quantifiable tool may be useful for comparing educational interventions that could improve the rate at which one develops expertise. Exploring the gaze pattern of individuals performing a task has been used to evaluate expertise in many different disciplines, including medicine...
June 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Qin Qin, Debao Yang, Hong Xie, Liyuan Zhang, Chen Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of real-time ultrasound (US) guidance for axillary brachial plexus block (AXB) through the success rate and the onset time. METHODS: The meta-analysis was carried out in the Anesthesiology Department of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China. A literature search of Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane database from the years 2004 to 2014 was performed. The literature searches were carried out using medical subject headings and free-text word: "axilla", "axillary", "brachial plexus", "ultrasonography", "ultrasound", "ultrasonics"...
March 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Harshad G Gurnaney, John E Fiadjoe, L Scott Levin, Benjamin Chang, Heather Delvalle, Jorge Gálvez, Mohamed A Rehman
PURPOSE: The purpose of this case report is to describe the anesthetic and case management of the first vascularized composite allograft pediatric bilateral hand transplant. CLINICAL DETAILS: Our patient was an eight-year-old male with a medical history of Staphylococcus aureus sepsis at one year of age that resulted in end-stage renal disease as well as bilateral upper and lower extremity amputations. After referral for bilateral hand transplantation, the transplantation team, with expertise in all aspects of perioperative care (surgery, anesthesiology, nephrology, renal transplantation, pediatric intensive care, and therapeutic pharmacy), was consulted to help develop anesthetic and other perioperative protocols for surgery...
June 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Ankeet Deepak Udani, T Kyle Harrison, Edward R Mariano, Ryan Derby, Jack Kan, Toni Ganaway, Cynthia Shum, David M Gaba, Pedro Tanaka, Alex Kou, Steven K Howard
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Simulation-based education strategies to teach regional anesthesia have been described, but their efficacy largely has been assumed. We designed this study to determine whether residents trained using the simulation-based strategy of deliberate practice show greater improvement of ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia (UGRA) skills than residents trained using self-guided practice in simulation. METHODS: Anesthesiology residents new to UGRA were randomized to participate in either simulation-based deliberate practice (intervention) or self-guided practice (control)...
March 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Qin Qin, Debao Yang, Hong Xie, Liyuan Zhang, Chen Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of real-time ultrasound (US) guidance for axillary brachial plexus block (AXB) through the success rate and the onset time. METHODS: The meta-analysis was carried out in the Anesthesiology Department of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China. A literature search of Medline, Embase, Cochrane database from the years 2004 to 2014 was performed. The literature searches were carried out using medical subject headings and free-text word: "axilla", "axillary", "brachial plexus", "ultrasonography", "ultrasound", "ultrasonics"...
March 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Jeppe Thue Jensen, Pernille Hornslet, Lars Konge, Ann Merete Møller, Peter Vilmann
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Whereas data on moderate nurse-administered propofol sedation (NAPS) efficacy and safety for standard endoscopy is abundant, few reports on the use of deep sedation by endoscopy nurses during advanced endoscopy, such as Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS) are available and potential benefits or hazards remain unclear. The aims of this study were to investigate the efficacy of intermittent deep sedation with propofol for a large cohort of advanced endoscopies and to provide data on the safety...
January 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Amanda Jasudavisius, Ramiro Arellano, Janet Martin, Brie McConnell, Daniel Bainbridge
PURPOSE: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCU) is an evolving field in anesthesia. Therefore a systematic review of common diagnoses made by POCU during non-cardiac surgery was conducted. The information obtained from the review may be used to develop POCU curricula for the perioperative setting during non-cardiac surgery. SOURCE: A systematic review was conducted for perioperative use of transthoracic /transesophageal echocardiography (TTE/TEE) in high-risk patients or in other patients experiencing periods of hemodynamic instability...
April 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
A Seibel, C-A Greim
Since the introduction of portable ultrasound systems, sonography has become well established as an integral part of the anesthesiological and critical care equipment and of monitoring. The selection of various ultrasound transducers, sonographic techniques and imaging modes enables a broad variety of clinical applications. In depth background knowledge of the technical aspects is crucial for obtaining what a highly sophisticated ultrasound system has to offer, i.e., sonographic transparency of the complete body and valid information on the structure and dynamics of organs and the circulation...
November 2015: Der Anaesthesist
F Einhaus, C A Greim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Der Anaesthesist
Edward R Mariano, T Kyle Harrison, T Edward Kim, Jack Kan, Cynthia Shum, David M Gaba, Toni Ganaway, Alex Kou, Ankeet D Udani, Steven K Howard
OBJECTIVES: Practicing anesthesiologists have generally not received formal training in ultrasound-guided perineural catheter insertion. We designed this study to determine the efficacy of a standardized teaching program in this population. METHODS: Anesthesiologists in practice for 10 years or more were recruited and enrolled to participate in a 1-day program: lectures and live-model ultrasound scanning (morning) and faculty-led iterative practice and mannequin-based simulation (afternoon)...
October 2015: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
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