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Radiofrequency ablation spine

Vadim Petrov-Kondratov, Avneesh Chhabra, Stephanie Jones
Pudendal neuralgia (PN) is a result of pudendal nerve entrapment or injury, also called "Alcock syndrome." Pain that develops is often chronic, and at times debilitating. If conservative measures fail, invasive treatment modalities can be considered. The goal of this case report is to add to a small body of literature that a pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) ablation can be effectively used to treat PN and to show that high resolution MR neurography imaging can be used to detect pudendal neuropathy. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 51-year-old woman with 5 years of worsening right groin and vulva pain...
March 2017: Pain Physician
Manickam Subramanian, Hong Chou, Kabilan Chokkappan, Wilfred Cg Peh
A 25-year-old man presented with chronic low back pain and occasional radiation to the right lower limb. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography (CT) of the lumbar spine showed an osteolytic expansile lesion with a central sclerotic nidus in the right superior facet of the L5 vertebra and surrounding marrow oedema. The diagnosis of osteoblastoma was made based on imaging findings and confirmed after CT-guided biopsy. Radiofrequency ablation of the lesion was successfully performed. The patient tolerated the procedure well and showed symptomatic relief...
February 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
A Tomasian, A N Wallace, J W Jennings
Minimally invasive percutaneous imaging-guided techniques have been shown to be safe and effective for the treatment of benign tumors of the spine. Techniques available include a variety of tumor ablation technologies, including radiofrequency ablation, cryoablation, microwave ablation, alcohol ablation, and laser photocoagulation. Vertebral augmentation may be performed after ablation as part of the same procedure for fracture stabilization or prevention. Typically, the treatment goal in benign spine lesions is definitive cure...
February 9, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
T Denton, J Howe, A Spalding
PURPOSE: Occipital neuralgia is a condition wherein pain is transmitted by the occipital nerves. Non-invasive therapies generally alleviate symptoms; however, persistent or recurring pain may require invasive procedures. Repeated invasive procedures upon failure are considered higher risk and are often contraindicated due to compounding inherent risk. SRS has not been explored as a treatment option largely due to the extracranial nature of the target (as opposed to the similar, more established trigeminal neuralgia), but advances in linear-accelerator frameless-based SRS now present an opportunity to evaluate the novel potential of this modality for this application...
June 2016: Medical Physics
Ara Darakjian, Ani B Darakjian, Edward T Chang, Macario Camacho
Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH) can cause ossification of ligaments and may affect the spine. We report a case of obstructive sleep apnea in a patient with significant upper airway narrowing secondary to cervical DISH. This patient had an initial apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) of 145 events/hour and was treated with uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, genial tubercle advancement, hyoid suspension, septoplasty, inferior turbinoplasties, and radiofrequency ablations to the tongue base which reduced his AHI to 40 events/hour...
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
M Lefranc, J Peltier
The ROSA® robot (Medtech, Montpellier, France) is a new medical device designed to assist the surgeon during minimally invasive spine procedures. The device comprises a patient-side cart (bearing the robotic arm and a workstation) and an optical navigation camera. The ROSA® Spine robot enables accurate pedicle screw placement. Thanks to its robotic arm and navigation abilities, the robot monitors movements of the spine throughout the entire surgical procedure and thus enables accurate, safe arthrodesis for the treatment of degenerative lumbar disc diseases, exactly as planned by the surgeon...
October 2016: Expert Review of Medical Devices
Janine Matschek, Eric Bullinger, Friedrich von Haeseler, Martin Skalej, Rolf Findeisen
Radiofrequency ablation is a valuable tool in the treatment of many diseases, especially cancer. However, controlled heating up to apoptosis of the desired target tissue in complex situations, e.g. in the spine, is challenging and requires experienced interventionalists. For such challenging situations a mathematical model of radiofrequency ablation allows to understand, improve and optimise the outcome of the medical therapy. The main contribution of this work is the derivation of a tailored, yet expandable mathematical model, for the simulation, analysis, planning and control of radiofrequency ablation in complex situations...
July 4, 2016: Mathematical Biosciences
J R Doctor, S L Solanki, V P Patil, J V Divatia
Osteoid osteoma (OO) is a benign bone tumor, with a male-female ratio of approximately 2:1 and mainly affecting long bones. Ten percent of the lesions occur in the spine, mostly within the posterior elements. Treatment options for OO include surgical excision and percutaneous imaging-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Lesions within the spine have an inherent risk of thermal damage to the vital structure because of proximity to the neural elements. We report a novel use of the epidural catheter for air injection for the neuroprotection of nerves close to the OO of the spine...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
R Bornemann, S F Grötz, P H Pennekamp, K E Wilhelm, K Sander, D C Wirtz, R Pflugmacher
PURPOSE: This clinical study investigates the use of a radiofrequency ablation system specifically developed for the ablation of spinal metastases. The investigation examines possible temperature-associated risks for the adjacent tissues. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A tumour model was simulated for 8 lumbar and 8 thoracic vertebrae of a human cadaveric spine. The tumour mass was ablated with the SpineSTAR electrode (SpineSTAR, DFINE Inc., CA), which has been specifically developed for the ablation of spinal metastases...
June 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Sandeep Bagla, Dawood Sayed, John Smirniotopoulos, Jayson Brower, J Neal Rutledge, Bradley Dick, James Carlisle, Ilya Lekht, Bassem Georgy
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of vertebral body metastases (VBM) has been reported as safe and effective in retrospective studies. This single-arm prospective multicenter clinical study evaluates RFA in the treatment of painful VBM. METHODS: Fifty patients with VBM were prospectively enrolled during a 13-month period at eight US centers under an IRB-approved study. Percutaneous RFA was performed under imaging guidance with cement augmentation at the discretion of the operator...
September 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Kristopher P Croome, Justin M Burns, Florencia G Que, David M Nagorney
BACKGROUND: Hepatic resection (HR) of metastatic neuroendocrine cancer has been associated with prolonged survival and durable symptom control for selected patients with metastatic neuroendocrine tumor (NET). The present study investigates the outcomes of this operative approach in selected patients with known bone metastases. METHODS: All patients undergoing HR at Mayo Clinic Rochester and Mayo Clinic Florida for metastatic NET between January 1989 and August 2015 were identified, and were divided into two groups: those undergoing HR with a known diagnosis of bone metastases (HRmNET/LB) and those who had metastatic disease confined to the liver (HRmNET/L)...
October 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Rahel Bornemann, Robert Pflugmacher, Sönke P Frey, Philip P Roessler, Yorck Rommelspacher, Kai E Wilhelm, Kirsten Sander, Dieter C Wirtz, Simon F Grötz
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) temperatures reaching 45°C in adjacent tissues are cytotoxic to the spinal cord, nerves and surrounding tissues. OBJECTIVE: This study compares different RFA electrodes with regard to the temperature distribution during ablation of spinal metastases. METHODS: In vitro experimental study in isolated lumbar vertebrae of a human cadaveric spine. The temperature distribution of RFA electrodes was measured during ablation in human cadaveric lumbar vertebrae containing a simulated vertebral body lesion...
September 14, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Yao-sheng Liu, Qi-zhen He, Shu-bin Liu, Wei-gang Jiang, Ming-xing Lei
Metastatic epidural compression of the spinal cord is a significant source of morbidity in patients with systemic cancer. With improvment of oncotheray, survival period in the patients is improving and metastatic cord compression is en- countered increasingly often. Surgical management performed for early circumferential decompression for the spinal cord com- pression with spine instability, and spine reconstruction performed. Patients with radiosensitive tumours without spine instabili- ty, radiotherapy is an effective therapy...
January 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Jorge F Ramirez Leon, Jose G Rugeles Ortiz, Enrique Osorio Fonseca, Carolina Ramirez Martinez, Gabriel Oswaldo Alonso Cuellar
BACKGROUND: Zygapophysial joint arthrosis is a pathology related with axial lumbar pain. The most accepted treatment, after failure of medical management, is the thermal denervation of the medial branch. Nonetheless, the placement of the heat probe remains a challenge to surgeons, even when using the fluoroscope. Using a variation of Shealy's and Bogduk's original techniques, which includes ablation of the medial branch and the nerves present in the joint capsule, we hypothesize that we can obtain similar outcomes to those found in the literature...
March 2016: Pain Physician
Aykut Akpinar, Necati Ucler, Cem Seyho Yucetas, Uzay Erdogan, Mehmet Davut Ucar
BACKGROUND: Liposarcoma is a malignant tumor of soft tissue. Myxoid/round cell liposarcoma has a tendency to spread to extrapulmonary sites but the spine is an unusual location even for metastasis. Metastatic bone tumors in the spine are painful. The vertebral body augmentation procedures for treating painful metastatic spinal lesions are minimally invasive and are good alternatives to open surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: A 41-year-old Turkish man was treated with radiofrequency tumor ablation and percutaneous vertebral augmentation for spinal metastasis...
February 24, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
A N Wallace, A Tomasian, D Vaswani, R Vyhmeister, R O Chang, J W Jennings
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Combination radiofrequency ablation and vertebral augmentation is an emerging minimally invasive therapy for patients with metastatic spine disease who have not responded to or have contraindications to radiation therapy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the rate of radiographic local control of spinal metastases treated with combination radiofrequency ablation and vertebral augmentation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our tumor ablation database for all patients who underwent radiofrequency ablation and vertebral augmentation of spinal metastases between April 2012 and July 2014...
April 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Taylor J Greenwood, Adam Wallace, Michael V Friedman, Travis J Hillen, Clifford G Robinson, Jack W Jennings
BACKGROUND: Radiation therapy (RT) is the current gold standard for palliation of painful vertebral metastases. However, other percutaneous modalities such as radiofrequency ablation (RFA), cryoablation, and vertebral augmentation have also been shown to be effective in alleviating symptoms. Combined RT and ablation may be more effective than either therapy alone in palliating painful metastatic disease to the spine. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of combined ablation, either RFA or cryoablation, and RT in the treatment of spinal metastases...
November 2015: Pain Physician
Adam N Wallace, Anderanik Tomasian, Randy O Chang, Jack W Jennings
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous CT-guided radiofrequency ablation is a safe and effective minimally invasive treatment for osteoid osteomas. This technical case series describes the use of a recently introduced ablation system with a probe that can be curved in multiple directions, embedded thermocouples for real-time monitoring of the ablation volume, and a bipolar design that obviates the need for a grounding pad. METHODS: Medical records of all patients who underwent radiofrequency ablation of an osteoid osteoma with the STAR Tumor Ablation System (DFINE; San Jose, CA) were reviewed...
May 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
J Artner, S Klessinger
Fluoroscopy-guided interventions on facet joints have been used for decades for the symptomatic management of pain in spinal disorders. A large number of imaging techniques are used to achieve a precise and safe needle placement in interventional procedures. Pulsed fluoroscopy is one of the most widely used and well-accepted tools for these procedures. This article presents a technical overview of commonly used fluoroscopy-guided interventions on the facet joints of the cervical and lumbar spine, such as facet joint injection, blockade of the medial nerve branches and radiofrequency ablation...
October 2015: Der Radiologe
Anand Swaminath, William Chu
The incidence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is steadily rising due to an aging population and more frequent imaging of the abdomen for other medical conditions. While surgery remains the standard of care treatment for localized disease, many patients are unfit due to their advanced age and medical comorbidities. In these patients, an active surveillance strategy or ablative therapies, including radiofrequency/microwave ablation or cryotherapy, can be offered. Such options have limitations particularly with fast growing, or larger tumors...
July 2015: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
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