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Maternal Exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727231/nulliparity-is-associated-with-subtle-adverse-metabolic-outcomes-in-overweight-obese-mothers-and-their-offspring
#1
Sumudu N Seneviratne, José G B Derraik, Yannan Jiang, Lesley M E McCowan, Silmara Gusso, Janene B Biggs, Graham K Parry, Valentina Chiavaroli, Wayne S Cutfield, Paul L Hofman
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate metabolic outcomes in overweight/obese nulliparous and multiparous women and their offspring. STUDY DESIGN: Seventy-two overweight and obese women who participated in a randomized controlled trial of exercise in pregnancy were included in the study, comparing 18 nulliparous and 54 multiparous women and their singleton offspring. Women were assessed at 19 and 36 weeks of gestation. Fetal growth was measured using standard obstetric ultrasound techniques...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715061/physical-activity-assessment-during-gestation-and-its-outcomes-a-review
#2
Wanda Forczek, Marta Curyło, Barbara Forczek
Background: Physical activity recommendations emphasize a positive influence of exercise on health. It is particularly recognized during pregnancy for both the mother and fetus. Aim: This review aims to identify the main trends of activity undertaken by women during gestation and to find out how it affects the expecting mother and her child. Methods: Review of the literature comprising the following databases: PubMed, Academic Search Complete, Health Source-Consumer Edition, Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition, EMBASE (2000 to May 2013), used detailed search strategies...
July 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711254/effect-of-maternal-exercise-on-calf-dry-matter-intake-weight-gain-behavior-and-cortisol-concentrations-at-disbudding-and-weaning
#3
R A Black, B K Whitlock, P D Krawczel
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of maternal physical activity during late gestation on calf dry matter intake, weight gain, behavior, and cortisol concentration during disbudding and weaning. Fifty-five Holstein and 5 Jersey × Holstein crossbred calves were enrolled into the study during gestation. Calves were born from pregnant, nonlactating Holstein (n = 58) and Jersey × Holstein crossbred (n = 2) dairy cows. Cows were assigned to either confinement (n = 20 cows; 13 female calves, 7 male calves), exercise (n = 20 cows; 8 female calves, 12 male calves), or pasture (n = 20 cows; 11 female calves, 9 male calves) treatments at dry-off from January to November 2015...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709517/continuity-of-sleep-problems-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood-results-from-a-longitudinal-study
#4
Yaqoot Fatima, Suhail A R Doi, Jake M Najman, Abdullah Al Mamun
BACKGROUND: Considering the lack of evidence on incidence and continuity of sleep problems from adolescence to young adulthood, this study explores sleep problems' incidence and their continuation rates from 14 to 21 years. METHODS: Sleep data from the 14-year (n = 4,924) and 21-year (n = 3660) follow-up of the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy cohort were used. Sociodemographic, lifestyle, and psychological conditions were explored for their role in sleep problems...
August 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702436/paternal-physical-exercise-improves-spatial-learning-ability-by-enhancing-hippocampal-neuroplasticity-in-male-pups-born-from-obese-maternal-rats
#5
Hye-Sang Park, Tae-Woon Kim
Maternal obesity exerts negative effects on cognitive function and behavior of the offspring. In the present study, we assessed the effects of paternal physical exercise on spatial learning ability in relation with hippocampal neuroplasticity in the rat pups born from the obese maternal rats. There were four experimental groups: paternal nonexercised male pups from normal maternal rats, paternal exercised male pups from normal maternal rats, paternal nonexercised male pups from obese maternal rats, and paternal exercised male pups from obese maternal rats...
June 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699935/use-of-simulation-to-assess-incoming-interns-recognition-of-opportunities-to-choose-wisely
#6
Kathleen Wiest, Jeanne Farnan, Ellen Byrne, Lukas Matern, Melissa Cappaert, Kristen Hirsch, Vineet Arora
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing healthcare costs, training on cost-consciousness is lacking in graduate medical education (GME). Medical centers must consider how best to incorporate value-based training into their GME curricula. OBJECTIVE: To incorporate low-value principles into an existing GME simulation exercise and assess incoming interns' recognition of low-value care. METHODS: Choosing Wisely™ lists were reviewed to identify 4 low-value hazards to be embedded into a simulated hospital room in addition to the 8 patient safety hazards used previously...
July 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686749/setting-research-priorities-for-maternal-newborn-child-health-and-nutrition-in-india-by-engaging-experts-from-256-indigenous-institutions-contributing-over-4000-research-ideas-a-chnri-exercise-by-icmr-and-inclen
#7
Narendra K Arora, Archisman Mohapatra, Hema S Gopalan, Kerri Wazny, Vasantha Thavaraj, Reeta Rasaily, Manoj K Das, Meenu Maheshwari, Rajiv Bahl, Shamim A Qazi, Robert E Black, Igor Rudan
BACKGROUND: Health research in low- and middle- income countries (LMICs) is often driven by donor priorities rather than by the needs of the countries where the research takes place. This lack of alignment of donor's priorities with local research need may be one of the reasons why countries fail to achieve set goals for population health and nutrition. India has a high burden of morbidity and mortality in women, children and infants. In order to look forward toward the Sustainable Development Goals, the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and the INCLEN Trust International (INCLEN) employed the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative's (CHNRI) research priority setting method for maternal, neonatal, child health and nutrition with the timeline of 2016-2025...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683016/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-using-a-progressive-muscle-relaxation-technique-on-the-self-efficacy-of-breastfeeding-in-mothers-with-preterm-infants
#8
Soheila Karbandi, Seyedeh Maryam Hosseini, Seyedeh Asieh Hosseini, Farshad Sadeghi, Maryam Hesari, Reza Masoudi
BACKGROUND: Breast milk is a God-given gift that conveys a mother's love and compassion and that is made according to the needs and age of the child. Mothers who are interested in the welfare of their newborns tend to breastfeed their children. Training programs have been shown to improve breastfeeding self-efficacy in terms of both duration and amount. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of using the progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) technique on the self-efficacy of breastfeeding in mothers with preterm infants...
August 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644729/promoting-prenatal-exercise-from-a-sociocultural-and-life-course-perspective-an-embodied-conceptual-framework
#9
Shannon Jette, Julie Maier, Katelyn Esmonde, Cherise Davis
PURPOSE: Prenatal exercise is a health behavior that is receiving growing attention amid concern that women in Western societies are gaining excess weight during pregnancy and contributing to future obesity in both the mother and child. In this article, we draw on insights from the fields of social epidemiology and social theory of the body to examine existing prenatal exercise interventions and to propose a multidimensional framework intended to guide future theorizing and intervention design...
June 23, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639706/exercise-for-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-for-improving-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes
#10
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Gilles Ceysens, Michel Boulvain
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with both short- and long-term complications for the mother and her baby. Exercise interventions may be useful in helping with glycaemic control and improve maternal and infant outcomes.The original review on Exercise for diabetic pregnant women has been split into two new review titles reflecting the role of exercise for pregnant women with gestational diabetes and for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes. Exercise for pregnant women with gestational diabetes for improving maternal and fetal outcomes (this review) Exercise for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes for improving maternal and fetal outcomes OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of exercise interventions for improving maternal and fetal outcomes in women with GDM...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632088/the-association-of-daytime-maternal-napping-and-exercise-with-nighttime-sleep-in-first-time-mothers-between-3-and-6-months-postpartum
#11
Teresa A Lillis, Nancy A Hamilton, Sarah D Pressman, Christina S Khou
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relationship of daytime maternal napping, exercise, caffeine, and alcohol intake to objective and subjective sleep indices. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty healthy, nondepressed, first-time mothers between 3 and 6 months postpartum. METHODS: Seven consecutive days of online behavior diaries, sleep diaries, and wrist actigraphy, collecting Total Sleep Time (TST), Sleep Onset Latency (SOL), and Wake After Sleep Onset (WASO)...
October 19, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617735/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-using-a-progressive-muscle-relaxation-technique-on-the-self-efficacy-of-breastfeeding-in-mothers-with-preterm-infants
#12
Soheila Karbandi, Seyedeh Maryam Hosseini, Seyedeh Asieh Hosseini, Farshad Sadeghi, Maryam Hesari, Reza Masoudi
BACKGROUND: Breast milk is a God-given gift that conveys a mother's love and compassion and that is made according to the needs and age of the child. Mothers who are interested in the welfare of their newborns tend to breastfeed their children. Training programs have been shown to improve breastfeeding self-efficacy in terms of both duration and amount. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of using the progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) technique on the self-efficacy of breastfeeding in mothers with preterm infants...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603432/household-food-insecurity-is-associated-with-both-body-mass-index-and-middle-upper-arm-circumference-of-mothers-in-northwest-ethiopia-a-comparative-study
#13
Achenef Motbainor, Alemayehu Worku, Abera Kumie
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity and associated malnutrition result in serious health problems in developing countries. This study determined levels of maternal undernutrition and its association with food insecurity in northwest Ethiopia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a community-based comparative cross-sectional study conducted May 24-July 20, 2013. Multistage random sampling was used to select 4,110 samples. Availability of Ethiopia's Productive Safety Net Programme was used for grouping the study areas...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597475/program-considerations-for-integration-of-nutrition-and-family-planning-beliefs-around-maternal-diet-and-breastfeeding-within-the-context-of-the-nutrition-transition-in-egypt
#14
Justine A Kavle, Sohair Mehanna, Ghada Khan, Mohamed Hassan, Gulsen Saleh, Cyril Engmann
In Egypt, rising maternal overweight and obesity is consistent with the transition to westernized diets and a growing reliance on energy-dense, low nutrient foods. Although the first 1,000 days of life are the focus of many programmes designed to prevent many forms of malnutrition, little attention has been paid to maternal dietary practices and weight gain during pregnancy. This study used in-depth interviews with pregnant women (N = 40), lactating women (N = 40), and nonlactating women (N = 40) to gain an understanding of behaviours, perceptions, and cultural beliefs in relation to maternal dietary intake during pregnancy, lactation, and nonlactation; weight gain during pregnancy; birth spacing; and family planning...
June 8, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591368/dna-damage-in-wistar-kyoto-rats-exercised-during-pregnancy
#15
Mikaela da Silva Corrêa, Rafael Bottaro Gelaleti, Giovana Fernanda Bento, Débora Cristina Damasceno, José Carlos Peraçoli
Purpose: To evaluate DNA damage levels in pregnant rats undergoing a treadmill exercise program. Methods: Wistar Kyoto rats were allocated into two groups (n= 5 animals/group): non-exercise and exercise. The pregnant rats were underwent an exercise protocol on a treadmill throughout pregnancy. Exercise intensity was set at 50% of maximal capacity during maximal exercise testing performed before mating. Body weight, blood pressure and glucose levels, and triglyceride concentration were measured during pregnancy...
May 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583222/maternal-perception-of-child-overweight-status-and-its-association-with-weight-related-parenting-practices-their-children-s-health-behaviours-and-weight-change-in-china
#16
Jungwon Min, Vivian Hc Wang, Hong Xue, Jie Mi, Youfa Wang
OBJECTIVE: Childhood obesity has increased rapidly in China, but understanding is limited on how parents perceive their child's weight status and how this perception affects weight-related parenting practices. We examined maternal perception of her child's weight status and its association with demographics, subsequent weight-related parenting practices, the child's health behaviours and weight change. Design/Setting/Subjects Maternal perception of child's weight status and health behaviours from the China Health and Nutrition Surveys were assessed at baseline and in follow-up surveys for 816 children aged 6-18 years during 2004-2011...
June 6, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583101/healthcare-interventions-for-the-prevention-and-control-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-china-a-scoping-review
#17
Tingting Xu, Yasheng He, Livia Dainelli, Kai Yu, Patrick Detzel, Irma Silva-Zolezzi, Sheri Volger, Hai Fang
BACKGROUND: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a type of diabetes which occurs during pregnancy. Women with GDM are at greater risk of complications during pregnancy and delivery, while babies born from mothers with GDM are at greater risk of post-natal complications. Using the most updated diagnosis criteria, the GDM prevalence is estimated at 9.3-25.5% worldwide and 9.3-18.9% in China. Our objective was to identify healthcare interventions aimed at GDM prevention and control in China...
June 5, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579865/adaptation-of-maternal-fetal-physiology-to-exercise-in-pregnancy-the-basis-of-guidelines-for-physical-activity-in-pregnancy
#18
REVIEW
Edward R Newton, Linda May
Only 50 years ago obstetric care providers and women had many concerns regarding whether exercise during pregnancy created a harmful competition for substrate resources between the fetus and the mother. Animal and human research in the past 50 years, which includes acute and chronic aerobic exercise during pregnancy, has a reassuring margin of safety throughout gestation in women. Maternal physiology adapts to pregnancy changes involving the cardiorespiratory and glucometabolic alterations. Due to these changes, pregnant women have slight differences in response to acute exercise sessions...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577545/the-effect-of-a-prenatal-lifestyle-intervention-on-glucose-metabolism-results-of-the-norwegian-fit-for-delivery-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Linda R Sagedal, Ingvild Vistad, Nina C Øverby, Elling Bere, Monica K Torstveit, Hilde Lohne-Seiler, Elisabet R Hillesund, Are Pripp, Tore Henriksen
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of prenatal lifestyle intervention to prevent gestational diabetes and improve maternal glucose metabolism remains to be established. The Norwegian Fit for Delivery (NFFD) randomized, controlled trial studied the effect of a combined lifestyle intervention provided to a general population, and found significantly lower gestational weight gain among intervention participants but no improvement in obstetrical outcomes or the proportion of large infants. The aim of the present study is to examine the effect of the NFFD intervention on glucose metabolism, including an assessment of the subgroups of normal-weight and overweight/obese participants...
June 2, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572303/maternal-exercise-improves-glucose-tolerance-in-female-offspring
#20
Kristin I Stanford, Hirokazu Takahashi, Kawai So, Ana Barbara Alves-Wagner, Noah B Prince, Adam C Lehnig, Kristen M Getchell, Min-Young Lee, Michael F Hirshman, Laurie J Goodyear
Poor maternal diet can lead to metabolic disease in offspring whereas maternal exercise may have beneficial effects on offspring health. Here, we determined if maternal exercise could reverse the detrimental effects of maternal high fat feeding on offspring metabolism of female mice. C57BL/6 female mice were fed a chow (21%) or high-fat (60%) diet and further divided by housing in static cages or cages with running wheels for 2 weeks prior to breeding and throughout gestation. Females were bred with chow-fed sedentary C57BL/6 males...
June 1, 2017: Diabetes
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