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Maternal Exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417348/elevated-progesterone-and-its-impact-on-birth-weight-after-fresh-embryo-transfers
#1
Yetunde Ibrahim, Miriam J Haviland, Michele R Hacker, Alan S Penzias, Kim L Thornton, Denny Sakkas
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to examine the association between serum progesterone levels on the day of hCG administration and birth weight among singleton live births after fresh embryo transfer. METHODS: This study was conducted as a retrospective cohort database analysis on patients who underwent IVF treatment cycles from January 2004 to April 2012. The study was performed at a University affiliated private infertility practice. All cycles that had achieved a singleton live birth after fresh embryo transfer and for which progesterone was measured on the day of hCG administration were examined...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409671/the-mediating-role-of-placenta-in-the-relationship-between-maternal-exercise-during-pregnancy-and-full-term-low-birth-weight
#2
Lihua Huang, Lijun Fan, Peng Ding, Yan-Hui He, Chuanbo Xie, Zhongzheng Niu, Fu-Ying Tian, Shixin Yuan, Deqin Jia, Wei-Qing Chen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association of maternal exercise during pregnancy with full-term low birth weight (FT-LBW) and whether placenta mediates their association. STUDY DESIGN: We investigated 326 pregnant women delivering FT-LBW weight newborns (cases) and 1644 delivering full-term normal birth weight newborns (controls) in this case-control study. Information concerning maternal exercise during pregnancy, socio-demographics and obstetric characteristics were collected at Women and Children's Hospitals of Shenzhen and Foshan in Guangdong, China...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401531/exercise-during-pregnancy-and-risk-of-gestational-hypertensive-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Elena Rita Magro-Malosso, Gabriele Saccone, Mariarosaria Di Tommaso, Amanda Roman, Vincenzo Berghella
Gestational hypertensive disorders, including gestational hypertension and preeclampsia, are one of the leading causes of maternal morbidity and mortality. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of exercise during pregnancy on the risk of gestational hypertensive disorders MATERIAL AND METHODS: Electronic databases were searched from their inception to February 2017. Selection criteria included only randomized controlled trials of uncomplicated pregnant women assigned before 23 weeks to an aerobic exercise regimen or not...
April 12, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401123/setting-an-implementation-research-agenda-for-canadian-investments-in-global-maternal-newborn-child-and-adolescent-health-a-research-prioritization-exercise
#4
Renee Sharma, Matthew Buccioni, Michelle F Gaffey, Omair Mansoor, Helen Scott, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Improving global maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health (MNCAH) is a top development priority in Canada, as shown by the $6.35 billion in pledges toward the Muskoka Initiative since 2010. To guide Canadian research investments, we aimed to systematically identify a set of implementation research priorities for MNCAH in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: We adapted the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative method. We scanned the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative literature and extracted research questions pertaining to delivery of interventions, inviting Canadian experts on MNCAH to generate additional questions...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399923/making-good-on-a-call-to-expand-method-choice-for-young-people-turning-rhetoric-into-reality-for-addressing-sustainable-development-goal-three
#5
Fariyal Fatma Fikree, Catharine Lane, Callie Simon, Gwyn Hainsworth, Patricia MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Investments in the nearly two billion young people, aged 10-24 years, in the world today are necessary to meet global development commitments, specifically the Sustainable Development Goals and Ending Preventable Child and Maternal Deaths. More than 12 million married and unmarried adolescents (aged 15-19) will give birth in 2016. Complications of pregnancy and childbirth are the second leading cause of death among 15-19 year-old women and early childbearing can significantly curtail social and economic prospects for young women...
April 11, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395588/health-promotion-in-medical-education-lessons-from-a-major-undergraduate-curriculum-implementation
#6
Ann Wylie, Kathleen Leedham-Green
Despite the economic, environmental and patient-related imperatives to prepare medical students to become health promoting doctors, health promotion remains relatively deprioritised in medical curricula. This paper uses an in-depth case study of a health promotion curriculum implementation at a large UK medical school to provide insights into the experiences of teachers and learners across a range of topics, pedagogies, and teaching & assessment modalities. Topics included smoking cessation, behavioural change approaches to obesity, exercise prescribing, social prescribing, maternal and child health, public and global health; with pedagogies ranging from e-learning to practice-based project work...
April 10, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392707/factors-predicting-persistence-of-early-wheezing-through-childhood-and-adolescence-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#7
Carlos E Rodríguez-Martínez, Monica P Sossa-Briceño, Jose A Castro-Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: For the early identification of persistent asthma symptoms among young children with recurrent wheezing, it would be helpful to identify all available studies that have identified at least one factor for predicting the persistence of early wheezing. The objective of the present study was to perform a systematic review of all studies that have identified factors that predict the persistence of symptoms among young patients with recurring wheezing. METHODS: A systematic review of relevant studies was conducted through searching in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINHAL, and SCOPUS databases up to June 2016...
2017: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366410/introduction-obesity-and-reproduction
#8
David R Meldrum
Women bear the predominant burden of our obesogenic environment, with a higher incidence of obesity than men, more impact on their fertility and success with treatment, and significant maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. In this series, the causes, consequences, and solutions regarding the obesity pandemic, the mechanisms of the effect of obesity on the female and male, the epigenetic consequences of male obesity, the marked effects on perinatal outcomes, and the effects of weight loss before conception and during pregnancy are explored...
April 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350878/correction-beneficial-effects-of-exercise-on-offspring-obesity-and-insulin-resistance-are-reduced-by-maternal-high-fat-diet
#9
Juliane Kasch, Sara Schumann, Saskia Schreiber, Susanne Klaus, Isabel Kanzleiter
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0173076.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328535/the-assessment-of-labor-a-brief-history
#10
Wayne R Cohen, Emanuel A Friedman
In the 1930s, investigators in the US, Germany and Switzerland made the first attempts to quantify the course of labor in a clinically meaningful way. They emphasized the rupture of membranes as a pivotal event governing labor progress. Attention was also placed on the total number of contractions as a guide to normality. Beginning in the 1950s, Friedman determined that changes in cervical dilatation and fetal station over time were the most useful parameters for the assessment of labor progress. He showed all normal labors had similar patterns of dilatation and descent, differing only in the durations and slopes of their component parts...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323893/effect-of-supervised-exercise-training-during-pregnancy-on-neonatal-and-maternal-outcomes-among-overweight-and-obese-women-secondary-analyses-of-the-etip-trial-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Kirsti Krohn Garnæs, Siri Ann Nyrnes, Kjell Åsmund Salvesen, Øyvind Salvesen, Siv Mørkved, Trine Moholdt
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity associates with complications during pregnancy and childbirth. Our aim was to investigate if exercise during pregnancy in overweight/obese women could influence birth weight or other neonatal and maternal outcomes at delivery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial of exercise training in pregnancy for women with body mass index (BMI) ≥ 28 kg/m2. Ninety-one women (31.3 ± 4.3 years, BMI 34...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301855/placental-lipid-and-fatty-acid-transfer-in-maternal-overnutrition
#12
Rohan M Lewis, Gernot Desoye
BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of childhood obesity is a significant public health challenge, the consequences of which extend across the life course. SUMMARY: Diet and exercise are clearly the major contributors to childhood obesity, but the factors predisposing to obesity may become established in the womb. Worryingly maternal overnutrition, in particular when it leads to obesity and diabetes, perpetuate an intergenerational cycle of obesity through its effects on placental function and fetal metabolism...
March 17, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292876/maternal-exercise-upregulates-mitochondrial-gene-expression-and-increases-enzyme-activity-of-fetal-mouse-hearts
#13
Eunhee Chung, Hayli E Joiner, Tracer Skelton, Kalli D Looten, Maria Manczak, P Hemachandra Reddy
Maternal exercise during pregnancy has been shown to improve the long-term health of offspring in later life. Mitochondria are important organelles for maintaining adequate heart function, and mitochondrial dysfunction is linked to cardiovascular disease. However, the effects of maternal exercise during pregnancy on mitochondrial biogenesis in hearts are not well understood. Thus, the purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that mitochondrial gene expression in fetal myocardium would be upregulated by maternal exercise...
March 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291256/exercise-rescues-obese-mothers-insulin-sensitivity-placental-hypoxia-and-male-offspring-insulin-sensitivity
#14
Denise S Fernandez-Twinn, Geraldine Gascoin, Barbara Musial, Sarah Carr, Daniella Duque-Guimaraes, Heather L Blackmore, Maria Z Alfaradhi, Elena Loche, Amanda N Sferruzzi-Perri, Abigail L Fowden, Susan E Ozanne
The prevalence of obesity during pregnancy continues to increase at alarming rates. This is concerning as in addition to immediate impacts on maternal wellbeing, obesity during pregnancy has detrimental effects on the long-term health of the offspring through non-genetic mechanisms. A major knowledge gap limiting our capacity to develop intervention strategies is the lack of understanding of the factors in the obese mother that mediate these epigenetic effects on the offspring. We used a mouse model of maternal-diet induced obesity to define predictive correlations between maternal factors and offspring insulin resistance...
March 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290956/multidisciplinary-in-situ-simulation-based-training-as-a-postpartum-hemorrhage-quality-improvement-project
#15
Monica A Lutgendorf, Carmen Spalding, Elizabeth Drake, Dennis Spence, Jason O Heaton, Kristina V Morocco
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage is a common obstetric emergency affecting 3 to 5% of deliveries, with significant maternal morbidity and mortality. Effective management of postpartum hemorrhage requires strong teamwork and collaboration. We completed a multidisciplinary in situ postpartum hemorrhage simulation training exercise with structured team debriefing to evaluate hospital protocols, team performance, operational readiness, and real-time identification of system improvements...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279085/aquatic-activities-during-pregnancy-prevent-excessive-maternal-weight-gain-and-preserve-birth-weight
#16
Mariano Bacchi, Michelle F Mottola, Maria Perales, Ignacio Refoyo, Ruben Barakat
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of a supervised and regular program of aquatic activities throughout gestation on maternal weight gain and birth weight. DESIGN: A randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Instituto de Obstetricia, Ginecología y Fertilidad Ghisoni (Buenos Aires, Argentina). PARTICIPANTS: One hundred eleven pregnant women were analyzed (31.6 ± 3.8 years). All women had uncomplicated and singleton pregnancies; 49 were allocated to the exercise group (EG) and 62 to the control group (CG)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259882/congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection-in-the-absence-of-maternal-cytomegalovirus-igm-antibodies
#17
Julia Gunkel, Bloeme J van der Knoop, Joppe Nijman, Linda S de Vries, Gwendolyn T R Manten, Peter G J Nikkels, Jean-Luc Murk, Johanna I P de Vries, Tom F W Wolfs
BACKGROUND: Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infections are the most prevalent intrauterine infections worldwide and are the result of maternal primary or non-primary infections. Early maternal primary infections are thought to carry the highest risk of fetal developmental abnormalities as seen by ultrasound; however, non-primary infections may prove equally detrimental. METHODS/RESULTS: This case series presents 5 cases with fetal abnormalities detected in the second and third trimester, in which cCMV infection was ruled out due to negative maternal CMV-IgM...
March 4, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252827/the-effect-of-rehabilitation-exercises-combined-with-direct-vagina-low-voltage-low-frequency-electric-stimulation-on-pelvic-nerve-electrophysiology-and-tissue-function-in-primiparous-women-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Sumian Yang, Wenshu Sang, Jing Feng, Haifeng Zhao, Xian Li, Ping Li, Hongfang Fan, Zengjun Tang, Lina Gao
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of rehabilitation exercises combined with Direct Vagina Low Voltage Low Frequency Electric Stimulation (DES) on pelvic nerve electrophysiology and tissue function after delivery. BACKGROUND: Whether and how DES effects pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) are not known clearly. DESIGN: This was a randomised, controlled clinical trial. METHODS: The 189 primiparous women 20-35 years old and with an episiotomy or second degree episiotomy tear were divided into three groups: the control group (n=60) received routine postpartum guidance 2 hours postpartum, the training group (n=63) performed rehabilitation exercises (Kegel exercises and pelvic movements) from 2 days postpartum until 3 months postpartum, and the combination group (n=66) received DES 15 times (3 times a week for 30 min at a time) beginning at the sixth week postpartum in addition to performing rehabilitation exercises...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198729/influence-of-land-or-water-exercise-in-pregnancy-on-outcomes-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Ruben Barakat, Maria Perales, Yaiza Cordero, Mariano Bacchi, Michelle F Mottola
PURPOSE: To compare the cross-sectional results from three experimental studies conducted on land, in water, and mixed form (land + water) during pregnancy on maternal and newborn outcomes. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used to analyze the results of three randomized clinical trials in healthy pregnant women from Madrid (Spain) and Buenos Aires (Argentina). Five hundred-sixty-eight pregnant women were recruited. For each of the studies, the number of women in the Exercise Group (EG) totalled 107 for Study I (land), 49 women for Study II (water), and 101 women for Study III (land + water)...
February 15, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196405/psychosocial-interventions-for-supporting-women-to-stop-smoking-in-pregnancy
#20
REVIEW
Catherine Chamberlain, Alison O'Mara-Eves, Jessie Porter, Tim Coleman, Susan M Perlen, James Thomas, Joanne E McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking remains one of the few preventable factors associated with complications in pregnancy, and has serious long-term implications for women and babies. Smoking in pregnancy is decreasing in high-income countries, but is strongly associated with poverty and is increasing in low- to middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of smoking cessation interventions during pregnancy on smoking behaviour and perinatal health outcomes...
February 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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