keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Maternal Exercise

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787476/maternal-physical-activity-and-sex-impact-markers-of-hepatic-mitochondrial-health
#1
Rory P Cunningham, Mary P Moore, Grace M Meers, Gregory N Ruegsegger, Frank W Booth, R Scott Rector
INTRODUCTION: Maternal exercise and physical activity during the gestational period can be protective against maternal high fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis in older offspring. However, it is unknown whether these protective effects are seen in younger offspring. Here we investigated whether maternal physical activity would attenuate maternal western diet (WD)-induced steatosis in young adult rats. METHODS: Female Wistar rats (7-8 weeks of age) were randomized into WD (42% fat, 27% sucrose) or normal chow diet (ND), and further randomized into physical activity (RUN) or sedentary (SED) conditions for a total of four groups...
May 22, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773978/effects-of-sevoflurane-exposure-during-mid-pregnancy-on-learning-and-memory-in-offspring-rats-beneficial-effects-of-maternal-exercise
#2
Ziyi Wu, Xingyue Li, Yi Zhang, Dongyi Tong, Lili Wang, Ping Zhao
Fetal exposure to general anesthetics may pose significant neurocognitive risks but methods to mitigate against these detrimental effects are still to be determined. We set out, therefore, to assess whether single or repeated in utero exposure to sevoflurane triggers long-term cognitive impairments in rat offspring. Since maternal exercise during pregnancy has been shown to improve cognition in offspring, we hypothesized that maternal treadmill exercise during pregnancy would protect against sevoflurane-induced neurotoxicity...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760355/interventions-integrating-non-communicable-disease-prevention-and-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-a-systematic-review
#3
Kimiyo Kikuchi, Rakesh Ayer, Sumiyo Okawa, Mariko Nishikitani, Fumihiko Yokota, Masamine Jimba, Naoki Nakashima
Reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) care services could be critical entry points for preventing non-communicable diseases in women and children. In high-income countries, non-communicable diseases screening has been integrated into both the medical and public health systems. To integrate these services in low- and middle-income countries, it is necessary to closely examine its effectiveness and feasibility. In this systematic review, we evaluated the effectiveness of integrating gestational and non-gestational non-communicable diseases interventions and RMNCH care among women and children in low- and middle-income countries...
2018: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754451/maternal-exercise-season-and-sex-modify-the-human-fetal-circadian-rhythm
#4
Julie Sletten, Germaine Cornelissen, Jørg Assmus, Torvid Kiserud, Susanne Albrechtsen, Jörg Kessler
AIM: The knowledge on circadian rhythmicity is rapidly expanding. We aimed to define the longitudinal development of the circadian heart rate rhythm in the human fetus in an unrestricted, out-of-hospital setting, and to examine the effects of maternal physical activity, season and fetal sex. METHODS: We recruited 48 women with low-risk singleton pregnancies. Using a portable monitor for continuous fetal electrocardiography, fetal heart rate recordings were obtained around gestational weeks 24, 28, 32 and 36...
May 13, 2018: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727347/a-standardized-handoff-simulation-promotes-recovery-from-auditory-distractions-in-resident-physicians
#5
Lukas H Matern, Jeanne M Farnan, Kristen W Hirsch, Melissa Cappaert, Ellen S Byrne, Vineet M Arora
INTRODUCTION: Despite the increasing use of training simulations to teach and assess resident handoffs, simulations that approximate realistic hospital conditions with distractions are lacking. This study explores the effects of a novel simulation-based training intervention on resident handoff performance in the face of prevalent hospital interruptions. METHODS: After a preliminary educational module, entering postgraduate year 1 residents (interns) completed one of the following three handoff simulations: (1) no interruption, (2) hospital noise, or (3) noise and pager interruptions...
April 30, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723099/exploring-healthy-eating-and-exercise-behaviors-among-low-income-breastfeeding-mothers
#6
Alexandra L MacMillan Uribe, Beth H Olson
BACKGROUND: Postpartum weight retention is often a significant contributor to overweight and obesity. Lactation is typically not sufficient for mothers to return to pre-pregnancy weight. Modifiable health behaviors (e.g., healthy eating and exercise) are important for postpartum weight loss; however, engagement among mothers, especially those who are resource-limited, is low. A deeper understanding of low-income breastfeeding mothers' healthy-eating and exercise experience, a population that may have unique motivators for health-behavior change, may facilitate creation of effective intervention strategies for these women...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721813/pioneer-baby-suggestions-for-pre-and-postnatal-health-promotion-programs-from-rural-english-and-spanish-speaking-pregnant-and-postpartum-women
#7
Lisette T Jacobson, Rosalee Zackula, Michelle L Redmond, Jennifer Duong, Tracie C Collins
In the United States, more than 9 million rural women (15-44 years old) experience limited access and delivery of reproductive healthcare services. Rurality coupled with lower socio-economic status are associated with increased maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this qualitative study was to gain in-depth information from underserved English- and Spanish-speaking pregnant and postpartum rural women on what they would value in a health promotion program. Three focus group sessions were conducted exploring four domains: (1) physical activity, (2) dietary habits, (3) fetal movement/kick counts, and (4) breastfeeding and other support resources...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706148/fluoxetine-treatment-of-prepubertal-male-rats-uniformly-diminishes-sex-hormone-levels-and-in-a-subpopulation-of-animals-negatively-affects-sperm-quality
#8
María E Ayala, Ayari Gonzáles, Rodrigo M Olivarez, Andrés Aragón-Martínez
Fluoxetine (Flx) is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor that alters the male reproductive system when administered at the adult stage or after maternal exposure. In the present study we evaluated the effects of Flx administration on reproductive parameters during juvenile-peripubertal development when treated male rats reached adulthood. Groups of rats were treated daily with Flx (5mgkg-1, i.p.) or saline (0.9% NaCl), or were left untreated. Rats were treated between 30 and 53 days of age and were killed at 65 days of age...
April 30, 2018: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702716/effectiveness-of-metformin-in-the-prevention-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-obese-pregnant-women
#9
Willian Barbosa Sales, Iramar Baptistella do Nascimento, Guilherme Dienstmann, Matheus Leite Ramos de Souza, Grazielle Dutra da Silva, Jean Carl Silva
OBJECTIVE:  To assess the effectiveness of metformin in the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in obese pregnant women attending a public maternity hospital in Joinville, Santa Catarina, Brazil. METHODS:  Randomized clinical trial including obese pregnant women with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m2 , divided into two groups (control and metformin). Both groups received guidance regarding diet and physical exercise. The participants were assessed at two moments, the first at enrollment (gestational age ≤ 20) and the second at gestational weeks 24-28...
April 27, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696560/prevention-of-excessive-gestational-weight-gain-and-postpartum-weight-retention
#10
REVIEW
Nemencio A Nicodemus
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize the current evidence on the prevention of excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) and reduction of postpartum weight retention (PPWR) by lifestyle intervention and pharmacotherapy. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent findings demonstrate that tailored nutrition counseling and adapting certain eating patterns, supervised exercise programs aiming at achieving at least moderate level of physical activity, and interactive and monitored behavior change interventions are effective in reducing excessive GWG and PPWR...
April 25, 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690917/health-consequences-for-mother-and-baby-of-substantial-pre-conception-weight-loss-in-obese-women-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Sarah Price, Alison Nankervis, Michael Permezel, Luke Prendergast, Priya Sumithran, Joseph Proietto
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for the management of obesity in women planning pregnancy suggest lifestyle modification before conception. However, there is little evidence that lifestyle modification alters pregnancy outcomes. Bariatric surgery results in significant weight loss. This appears to reduce the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes for the mother but may increase the risk of adverse outcomes for the infant. In order to reduce the risks of obesity-related adverse pregnancy outcomes for both mother and offspring, alternative approaches to the management of obesity in women planning pregnancy are needed...
April 24, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684673/exercise-as-a-therapeutic-intervention-to-optimize-fetal-weight
#12
REVIEW
Laura M Reyes, Margie H Davenport
The Developmental Origins of Health and Disease suggest the in utero environment programs offspring obesity and cardiovascular disease. Therefore, there is a need to implement safe therapeutic interventions that do not involve the intake of medications or biological products during pregnancy that can improve maternal and fetal health. Prenatal exercise is established to promote maternal and fetal health. It is generally recommended that women accumulate at least 150 min per week of moderate-intensity exercise...
April 22, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680662/insulin-sensitivity-linked-skeletal-muscle-nr4a1-dna-methylation-is-programmed-by-the-maternal-diet-and-modulated-by-voluntary-exercise-in-mice
#13
Juliane Kasch, Isabel Kanzleiter, Sophie Saussenthaler, Annette Schürmann, Jaap Keijer, Evert van Schothorst, Susanne Klaus, Sara Schumann
Perinatal maternal high-fat consumption is known to increase the obesity and type 2 diabetes susceptibility and to impair exercise performance in the offspring. We hypothesize that epigenetic modifications in the skeletal muscle are partly responsible for this phenotype. To detect skeletal muscle genes affected by maternal nutrition, male offspring of low-fat (LF) and high-fat (HF) diet fed dams (BL6 mice) received LF diet upon weaning and were sacrificed at 6 or 25 weeks of age. Gene expression of Musculus quadriceps was investigated by microarray analysis revealing an up-regulation of the nuclear receptor Nr4a1 by maternal HF feeding...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628054/women-s-self-reported-factors-that-influence-their-postpartum-exercise-levels
#14
REVIEW
Susan Liipfert Shelton, Shih-Yu Sylvia Lee
The birth of a child is a life transition that can signal an opportunity to promote wellness and self-care. Nurses and other health care providers can encourage women to engage in exercise for physical and mental health and to enhance weight loss after birth. However, incorporating an exercise routine into life with an infant can be challenging. Sixty-two women provided feedback about their exercise patterns before and during pregnancy, and 18 of these women gave additional insight into barriers to and facilitators of exercise engagement after childbirth...
April 2018: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627447/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-multi-disciplinary-treatment-approaches
#15
Evangelia Kintiraki, Dimitrios G Goulis
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is the most common metabolic disease of pregnancy, associated with several perinatal complications. Adequate glycemic control has been proved to decrease risk of GDM-related complications. Several studies have shown the beneficial effect of exercise and medical nutrition treatment on glycemic and weight control in GDM-affected women. Moreover, pharmacological agents, such as insulin and specific oral anti-diabetic agents can be prescribed safely during pregnancy, decreasing maternal blood glucose and, thus, perinatal adverse outcomes...
April 5, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616445/voluntary-exercise-during-adolescence-mitigated-negative-the-effects-of-maternal-separation-stress-on-the-depressive-like-behaviors-of-adult-male-rats-role-of-nmda-receptors
#16
Forouzan Fattahi Masrour, Maghsoud Peeri, Mohammad Ali Azarbayjani, Mir-Jamal Hosseini
Evidence indicates that experiencing early-life stress (ELS) is a risk factor for the development of mental disorders such as depression. Maternal separation stress (MS) is a valid animal model of ELS that caused to induce long-lasting effects on the brain and behaviors of animals. It hypothesized that adolescence is a critical stage in which the brain is still developing, and applying (non)pharmacological therapies in this period may attenuate the effects of ELS on the brain and behavior. Male rats were subjected to MS from postnatal day (PND) 2-14, and the stressed animals were then treated with (1) chronic fluoxetine (FLX) (5 mg/kg) and (2) voluntary running wheel exercise (RW) from PND 30, for 30 days...
April 3, 2018: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614250/paternal-physical-exercise-demethylates-the-hippocampal-dna-of-male-pups-without-modifying-the-cognitive-and-physical-development
#17
Filipe Mega, André Luís Ferreira de Meireles, Francele Valente Piazza, Christiano Spindler, Ethiane Segabinazi, Gabriela Dos Santos Salvalaggio, Matilde Achaval, Simone Marcuzzo
Maternal exercise is known to have beneficial effects in progeny development, but the influence of paternal exercise on the offspring still unclear. Since spermatogenesis is a continuous process, the father's life experiences can reprogram epigenetic content of the sperm and somehow interfere on offspring phenotype. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of paternal physical exercise on cognitive and physical development and on hippocampal DNA methylation levels of the offspring. Adult male Wistar rats were divided into two groups: sedentary and exercised...
March 31, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581094/prenatal-remote-monitoring-of-women-with-gestational-hypertensive-diseases-cost-analysis
#18
Dorien Lanssens, Thijs Vandenberk, Christophe Jp Smeets, Hélène De Cannière, Sharona Vonck, Jade Claessens, Yenthel Heyrman, Dominique Vandijck, Valerie Storms, Inge M Thijs, Lars Grieten, Wilfried Gyselaers
BACKGROUND: Remote monitoring in obstetrics is relatively new; some studies have shown its effectiveness for both mother and child. However, few studies have evaluated the economic impact compared to conventional care, and no cost analysis of a remote monitoring prenatal follow-up program for women diagnosed with gestational hypertensive diseases (GHD) has been published. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the costs of remote monitoring versus conventional care relative to reported benefits...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579632/maternal-exercise-increases-but-concurrent-maternal-fluoxetine-prevents-the-increase-in-hippocampal-neurogenesis-of-adult-offspring
#19
Aarthi R Gobinath, Sarah Wong, Carmen Chow, Stephanie E Lieblich, Alasdair M Barr, Liisa A M Galea
Treating postpartum depression (PPD) with pharmacological antidepressants like fluoxetine (FLX) is complicated because these drugs can remain active in breast milk and potentially affect infant development. Alternatively, non-pharmacological treatments such as exercise are associated with beneficial effects on infant development but its potential ability to counter the effects of PPD are largely unknown. To investigate this, we treated dams with corticosterone (CORT) or vehicle (sesame oil) from postpartum days 2-25 to model PPD...
May 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562760/maternal-interventions-to-improve-offspring-outcomes-in-rodent-models-of-diet-induced-obesity-a-review
#20
Daniela Menichini, Monica Longo, Fabio Facchinetti
Maternal obesity is an adverse factor that affects the intrauterine environment during critical periods of fetal developmental causing adverse lifelong effects on offspring health. Several different interventions have been performed in animal models of obesity to ameliorate maternal conditions and consequently reduce the adverse effects on offspring. Our aim was to critically review studies involving murine models of obesity induced by high fat diet (HFD), assessing maternal outcomes during pregnancy and the related offspring conditions...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
keyword
keyword
85626
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"