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Maternal Exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871440/triheptanoin-versus-trioctanoin-for-long-chain-fatty-acid-oxidation-disorders-a-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Melanie B Gillingham, Stephen B Heitner, Julie Martin, Sarah Rose, Amy Goldstein, Areeg Hassan El-Gharbawy, Stephanie Deward, Michael R Lasarev, Jim Pollaro, James P DeLany, Luke J Burchill, Bret Goodpaster, James Shoemaker, Dietrich Matern, Cary O Harding, Jerry Vockley
BACKGROUND: Observational reports suggest that supplementation that increases citric acid cycle intermediates via anaplerosis may have therapeutic advantages over traditional medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) treatment of long-chain fatty acid oxidation disorders (LC-FAODs) but controlled trials have not been reported. The goal of our study was to compare the effects of triheptanoin (C7), an anaplerotic seven-carbon fatty acid triglyceride, to trioctanoin (C8), an eight-carbon fatty acid triglyceride, in patients with LC-FAODs...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867589/maternal-swimming-exercise-during-pregnancy-attenuates-anxiety-depressive-like-behaviors-and-voluntary-morphine-consumption-in-the-pubertal-male-and-female-rat-offspring-born-from-morphine-dependent-mothers
#2
Masoumeh Torabi, Alireza Pooriamehr, Imanollah Bigdeli, Hossein Miladi-Gorji
This study was designed to examine whether maternal swimming exercise during pregnancy would attenuate prenatally morphine-induced anxiety, depression and voluntary consumption of morphine in the pubertal male and female rat offspring. Pregnant rats during the development of morphine dependence were allowed to swim (30-45min/d, 3days per a week) on gestational days 11-18. Then, the pubertal male and female rat offspring were tested for the elevated plus-maze (EPM), sucrose preference test (SPT) and voluntary morphine consumption using a two-bottle choice (TBC) paradigm...
September 1, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857365/functional-haemodynamic-testing-in-pregnancy-recommendations-of-the-international-working-group-on-maternal-haemodynamics
#3
Victoria L Meah, Karianne Backx, Margie H Davenport
In the general population, functional haemodynamic testing, such as submaximal aerobic exercise, isometric handgrip, and the cold pressor test, has long been utilised to unmask abnormalities in cardiovascular function. During pregnancy, functional haemodynamic testing places additional demands on an already stressed maternal cardiovascular system. Dysfunctional responses to such tests in early pregnancy may predict the development of hypertensive disorders that develop later in gestation. These recommendations cover a description, an overview of the current understanding of clinical application, test protocol, equipment and considerations of each of the above functional haemodynamic tests during pregnancy...
August 30, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836274/interconception-care-for-women-with-a-history-of-gestational-diabetes-for-improving-maternal-and-infant-outcomes
#4
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Emily Shepherd, Philippa Middleton, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with adverse health outcomes for mothers and their infants both perinatally and long term. Women with a history of GDM are at risk of recurrence in subsequent pregnancies and may benefit from intervention in the interconception period to improve maternal and infant health outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of interconception care for women with a history of GDM on maternal and infant health outcomes...
August 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826348/home-based-and-technology-centered-childhood-obesity-prevention-for-chinese-mothers-with-preschool-aged-children
#5
Angela Sun, Joyce Cheng, Quynh Bui, Yvonne Liang, Terence Ng, Jyu-Lin Chen
INTRODUCTION: Nearly a quarter of preschool-aged Chinese American children are overweight or obese. Children of overweight mothers are at higher risk for obesity. Efforts to prevent obesity among low-income minority children with overweight mothers should start in early childhood. METHODOLOGY: This randomized pilot study consisted of 8 weekly sessions, examined feasibility of a tablet computer-based intervention among 32 mother-child dyads. The study estimated effect size of the intervention at baseline, 3 and 6 months on maternal outcomes including self-efficacy, eating behaviors, physical activity, child-feeding practices, and change in body mass index...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819990/effects-of-maternal-high-fat-diet-and-sedentary-lifestyle-on-susceptibility-of-adult-offspring-to-ozone-exposure-in-rats
#6
C J Gordon, P M Phillips, A F M Johnstone, J Schmid, M C Schladweiler, A Ledbetter, S J Snow, U P Kodavanti
Epidemiological and experimental data suggest that obesity exacerbates the health effects of air pollutants such as ozone (O3). Maternal inactivity and calorically rich diets lead to offspring that show signs of obesity. Exacerbated O3 susceptibility of offspring could thus be manifested by maternal obesity. Thirty-day-old female Long-Evans rats were fed a control (CD) or high-fat (HF) (60% calories) diet for 6 wks and then bred. GD1 rats were then housed with a running wheel (RW) or without a wheel (SED) until parturition, creating four groups of offspring: CD-SED, CD-RW, HF-SED and HF-RW...
August 18, 2017: Inhalation Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798074/the-influence-of-prenatal-exercise-and-pre-eclampsia-on-maternal-vascular-function
#7
REVIEW
Rachel J Skow, Emily C King, Craig D Steinback, Margie H Davenport
During healthy pregnancy, the cardiovascular system undergoes diverse adaptations to support adequate transfer of oxygen and nutrients from mother to fetus. In order to accommodate the large expansion of blood volume and associated cardiac output, the structure, mechanics, and function of the arteries are altered. Specifically, in healthy pregnancy there is a remodeling of arteries (increased angiogenesis and vasodilation), a generalized reduction in arterial stiffness (increased compliance), and an enhanced endothelial function...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797115/ranking-93-health-interventions-for-low-and-middle-income-countries-by-cost-effectiveness
#8
Susan Horton, Hellen Gelband, Dean Jamison, Carol Levin, Rachel Nugent, David Watkins
BACKGROUND: Cost-effectiveness rankings of health interventions are useful inputs for national healthcare planning and budgeting. Previous comprehensive rankings for low- and middle- income countries were undertaken in 2005 and 2006, accompanying the development of strategies for the Millennium Development Goals. We update the rankings using studies published since 2000, as strategies are being considered for the Sustainable Development Goals. METHODS: Expert systematic searches of the literature were undertaken for a broad range of health interventions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794439/maternal-low-intensity-physical-exercise-prevents-obesity-in-offspring-rats-exposed-to-early-overnutrition
#9
Tatiane Aparecida Ribeiro, Laize Peron Tófolo, Isabela Peixoto Martins, Audrei Pavanello, Júlio Cezar de Oliveira, Kelly Valério Prates, Rosiane Aparecida Miranda, Claudinéia Conationi da Silva Franco, Rodrigo Mello Gomes, Flávio Andrade Francisco, Vander Silva Alves, Douglas Lopes de Almeida, Veridiana Mota Moreira, Kesia Palma-Rigo, Elaine Vieira, Gabriel Sergio Fabricio, Marcos Ricardo da Silva Rodrigues, Wilson Rinaldi, Ananda Malta, Paulo Cezar de Freitas Mathias
Low intensity exercise during pregnancy and lactation may create a protective effect against the development of obesity in offspring exposed to overnutrition in early life. To test these hypotheses, pregnant rats were randomly assigned into 2 groups: Sedentary and Exercised, low intensity, on a rodent treadmill at 30% VO2Max /30-minute/session/3x/week throughout pregnancy and the lactation. Male offspring were raised in small litters (SL, 3 pups/dam) and normal litters (NL, 9 pups/dam) as models of early overnutrition and normal feed, respectively...
August 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780912/exercise-during-pregnancy-and-its-impact-on-mothers-and-offspring-in-humans-and-mice
#10
N Ferrari, I Bae-Gartz, C Bauer, R Janoschek, I Koxholt, E Mahabir, S Appel, M A Alejandre Alcazar, N Grossmann, C Vohlen, K Brockmeier, J Dötsch, E Hucklenbruch-Rother, C Graf
Exercise during pregnancy has beneficial effects on maternal and offspring's health in humans and mice. The underlying mechanisms remain unclear. This comparative study aimed to determine the long-term effects of an exercise program on metabolism, weight gain, body composition and changes in hormones [insulin, leptin, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)]. Pregnant women (n=34) and mouse dams (n=44) were subjected to an exercise program compared with matched controls (period I). Follow-up in the offspring was performed over 6 months in humans, corresponding to postnatal day (P) 21 in mice (period II)...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780660/update-on-valvular-heart-disease-in-pregnancy
#11
REVIEW
Lucy M Safi, Sarah V Tsiaras
Valvular heart disease in women of childbearing age poses an increased risk of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes, and management in pregnancy can be challenging. Ideally, patients with suspected valvular disease should have preconception counseling by a multidisciplinary team including cardiologists with expertise in pregnancy and a maternal-fetal medicine specialist. Preconception planning should include a cardiac assessment of maternal risk, determination of frequency of surveillance, and a cardiovascular management plan during delivery...
September 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774287/programme-reporting-standards-prs-for-improving-the-reporting-of-sexual-reproductive-maternal-newborn-child-and-adolescent-health-programmes
#12
Anna E Kågesten, Özge Tunçalp, Anayda Portela, Moazzam Ali, Nhan Tran, A Metin Gülmezoglu
BACKGROUND: Information about design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation is central to understand the impact of programmes within the field of sexual, reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health (SRMNCAH). Existing reporting guidelines do not orient on reporting of contextual and implementation issues in sufficient detail. We therefore developed Programme Reporting Standards (PRS) to be used by SRMNCAH programme implementers and researchers. METHODS: Building on the first step of the PRS development (a systematic review to identify reporting items), we conducted a three-round online Delphi consensus survey with experts...
August 3, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767281/the-impact-of-prenatal-yoga-on-exercise-attitudes-and-behavior-teachable-moments-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Shilpa Babbar, Blake W Porter, Karen B Williams
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy serves as an opportune time for "teachable moments" to elicit positive behavior change. We evaluated change in exercise perception, behavior and gestational weight gain in participants engaged in a one-hour educational experience. METHODS: Women between 28 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks with no prior yoga experience carrying a non-anomalous singleton fetus participated in a randomized controlled trial on prenatal yoga. The yoga group engaged in a one-hour yoga class; the attention control educational group, in a one-hour presentation on exercise, nutrition and obesity in pregnancy...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761717/physical-activity-during-pregnancy-and-infant-s-birth-weight-results-from-the-3d-birth-cohort
#14
Michèle Bisson, Jordie Croteau, Benjamin C Guinhouya, Emmanuel Bujold, François Audibert, William D Fraser, Isabelle Marc
AIM: To evaluate the association between maternal physical activity and infant's birth weight or risk of inappropriate weight for gestational age (GA), and whether this association differs by infant's sex, maternal body mass index (BMI) or pregnancy complications in a prospective cohort study. METHODS: 1913 pregnant women from the 3D Birth Cohort (Québec, Canada) completed the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire at each trimester. Energy expenditure (metabolic equivalent of task (MET)*hours/week) for total activity, sports and exercise and vigorous intensity activities was calculated...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759782/intergenerational-associations-in-executive-function-between-mothers-and-children-in-the-context-of-risk
#15
Matthew H Kim, Lisa Shimomaeda, Ryan J Giuliano, Elizabeth A Skowron
Executive functioning (EF) is critical for school readiness and other important life skills. Previous investigations have often neglected the important influence of parental EF skills in shaping their own children's EF. This study attempted to replicate recent empirical work that has shown that maternal EF is positively related to child EF. An ecological theoretical framework was used to examine the maternal EF-child EF link in family environments characterized by significant risk and socioeconomic adversity...
December 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757311/impacts-of-maternal-diet-and-exercise-on-offspring-behavior-and-body-weights
#16
Virginia C Moser, Katherine L McDaniel, Emily A Woolard, Pamela M Phillips, Jason N Franklin, Christopher J Gordon
Human and animal studies indicate that maternal obesity can negatively impact aspects of metabolism and neurodevelopment in the offspring. Not known, however, is whether maternal exercise can alter these adverse outcomes. In this study, Long-Evans female rats were provided a high fat (60%; HFD) or control diet (CD) 44days before mating and throughout gestation and lactation. Running wheels were available to half of each diet group during the gestational period only, resulting in four conditions: CD diet with (CDRW) or without (sedentary; CDSED) exercise, and HFD with (HFRW) or without (HFSED) exercise...
July 27, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727231/nulliparity-is-associated-with-subtle-adverse-metabolic-outcomes-in-overweight-obese-mothers-and-their-offspring
#17
Sumudu N Seneviratne, José G B Derraik, Yannan Jiang, Lesley M E McCowan, Silmara Gusso, Janene B Biggs, Graham K Parry, Valentina Chiavaroli, Wayne S Cutfield, Paul L Hofman
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate metabolic outcomes in overweight/obese nulliparous and multiparous women and their offspring. STUDY DESIGN: Seventy-two overweight and obese women who participated in a randomized controlled trial of exercise in pregnancy were included in the study, comparing 18 nulliparous and 54 multiparous women and their singleton offspring. Women were assessed at 19 and 36 weeks of gestation. Fetal growth was measured using standard obstetric ultrasound techniques...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715061/physical-activity-assessment-during-gestation-and-its-outcomes-a-review
#18
Wanda Forczek, Marta Curyło, Barbara Forczek
Background: Physical activity recommendations emphasize a positive influence of exercise on health. It is particularly recognized during pregnancy for both the mother and fetus. Aim: This review aims to identify the main trends of activity undertaken by women during gestation and to find out how it affects the expecting mother and her child. Methods: Review of the literature comprising the following databases: PubMed, Academic Search Complete, Health Source-Consumer Edition, Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition, EMBASE (2000 to May 2013), used detailed search strategies...
July 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711254/effect-of-maternal-exercise-on-calf-dry-matter-intake-weight-gain-behavior-and-cortisol-concentrations-at-disbudding-and-weaning
#19
R A Black, B K Whitlock, P D Krawczel
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of maternal physical activity during late gestation on calf dry matter intake, weight gain, behavior, and cortisol concentration during disbudding and weaning. Fifty-five Holstein and 5 Jersey × Holstein crossbred calves were enrolled into the study during gestation. Calves were born from pregnant, nonlactating Holstein (n = 58) and Jersey × Holstein crossbred (n = 2) dairy cows. Cows were assigned to either confinement (n = 20 cows; 13 female calves, 7 male calves), exercise (n = 20 cows; 8 female calves, 12 male calves), or pasture (n = 20 cows; 11 female calves, 9 male calves) treatments at dry-off from January to November 2015...
September 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709517/continuity-of-sleep-problems-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood-results-from-a-longitudinal-study
#20
Yaqoot Fatima, Suhail A R Doi, Jake M Najman, Abdullah Al Mamun
BACKGROUND: Considering the lack of evidence on incidence and continuity of sleep problems from adolescence to young adulthood, this study explores sleep problems' incidence and their continuation rates from 14 to 21 years. METHODS: Sleep data from the 14-year (n = 4,924) and 21-year (n = 3660) follow-up of the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy cohort were used. Sociodemographic, lifestyle, and psychological conditions were explored for their role in sleep problems...
August 2017: Sleep Health
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