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Maternal Exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905191/race-and-ethnicity-and-preconception-folic-acid-supplement-use-among-pregnant-women-in-georgia-prams-2009-to-2011
#1
Ayesha Mukhtar, Michael R Kramer, Godfrey P Oakley, Vijaya Kancherla
BACKGROUND: The United States Public Health Service recommends that all women of reproductive age consume 400 μg of folic acid daily to prevent major neural tube defects. Hispanics have the highest prevalence of neural tube defects compared with other race/ethnic groups. We studied prevalence of preconception folic acid supplement use, and its association with race/ethnicity among pregnant women in Georgia. METHODS: Using state-wide population-based data from 2009 to 2011 Georgia Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, we examined the prevalence of preconception folic acid supplement use among pregnant women aged 18 to 45 years...
December 1, 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900934/gender-relations-and-women-s-reproductive-health-in-south-sudan
#2
Sumit Kane, Matilda Rial, Anthony Matere, Marjolein Dieleman, Jacqueline E W Broerse, Maryse Kok
BACKGROUND: In South Sudan, women disproportionately bear the burden of morbidity and mortality related to sexual and reproductive health, with a maternal mortality ratio of 789 deaths per 100,000 live births. DESIGN: A qualitative study was conducted to analyze how gendered social relations among the Fertit people affect women's ability to exercise control over their reproductive lives and thereby their sexual and reproductive health. Transcripts of 5 focus group discussions and 44 semi-structured interviews conducted with purposefully selected community members and health personnel were analyzed using Connell's relational theory of gender...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881342/-factors-affecting-maternal-physical-activities-an-analysis-based-on-the-structural-equation-modeling
#3
Yi Liu, Bi-Ru Luo
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the factors affecting maternal physical activities at different stages among pregnant women. METHODS: Self-designed questionnaires were used to investigate the physical activities of women in different stages, including 650 in the first, 650 in the second, and 750 in the third trimester of pregnancy. The factors affecting maternal physical activities were analyzed using the structural equation model that comprised 4 latent variables (attitude, norm, behavioral attention and behavior) with observed variables that matched the latent variables...
November 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863167/influence-of-maternal-physical-activity-on-infant-s-body-composition
#4
M Bisson, F Tremblay, O St-Onge, J Robitaille, E Pronovost, D Simonyan, I Marc
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) during pregnancy might contribute to reduce neonatal adiposity, a predictor of metabolic disturbances. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the association between maternal PA intensity and neonatal body composition. METHODS: Maternal PA measured by accelerometry and nutrition were documented during pregnancy, as well as neonatal body composition by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry following delivery...
November 14, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846101/the-physical-activity-patterns-of-pregnant-taiwanese-women
#5
Ching-Fang Lee, Fang-Ming Hwang, Hsien-Ming Lin, Li-Kang Chi, Li-Yin Chien
BACKGROUND: Physical activity reduces the risk of maternal disorders during pregnancy. However, many pregnant women reduce their levels of physical activity while pregnant. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine and compare the physical activity (total amount, intensity, type) of Taiwanese women during each trimester. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey used purposive sampling to enroll 581 Taiwanese women as participants. The physical activity of participants was measured using the Mandarin version of the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire...
December 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836080/a-cross-sectional-mixed-study-of-the-opportunity-to-improve-maternal-postpartum-care-in-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-services-in-the-kaya-health-district-of-burkina-faso
#6
Danielle Yugbaré Belemsaga, Aristide Bado, Anne Goujon, Els Duysburgh, Olivier Degomme, Seni Kouanda, Marleen Temmerman
OBJECTIVE: To propose a rationale to improve maternal postpartum care in reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) services. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional mixed study in the Kaya health district in Burkina Faso based on two data collection exercises conducted between December 2012 and May 2013. A household survey of 757 mothers in their first year after delivery was processed. It was complemented with a qualitative analysis using in-depth interviews with key informants, focus group discussions with mothers, and participant observation...
November 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832211/association-of-frontline-worker-provided-services-with-change-in-block-level-complementary-feeding-indicators-an-ecological-analysis-from-bihar-india
#7
Aritra Das, Sanchita Mahapatra, Guntur Sai Mala, Indrajit Chaudhuri, Tanmay Mahapatra
BACKGROUND: Insufficiencies in complementary feeding put infants and young children at increased risk of undernutrition. Till now, most Indian studies have looked at the individual level determinants of complementary feeding practices. We aimed to evaluate the association of frontline worker (FLW) provided nutritional counselling services, with change in community level indicators of complementary feeding practices among 9-11 month old children over time. METHODS: The study data was obtained from five rounds of 'Lot Quality Assurance Sampling' survey in eight districts of Bihar, an impoverished Indian state...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825817/influence-of-maternal-obesity-diet-and-exercise-on-epigenetic-regulation-of-adipocytes
#8
REVIEW
Archana Dhasarathy, James N Roemmich, Kate J Claycombe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2016: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824747/social-contributors-to-glycemic-control-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Laura C Colicchia, Kristiina Parviainen, Judy C Chang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of social factors with glycemic control in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: A survey instrument assessing social support, access to healthy food, cooking and meal preparation, chaotic lifestyle, employer support, and physical and emotional responses to food was developed and administered to women with GDM at maternal-fetal medicine office visits. Validated scales were used to measure social support and life chaos (defined as organization, instability, and the ability to plan and prepare for the future)...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815299/clustering-patterns-of-obesity-related-multiple-lifestyle-behaviours-and-their-associations-with-overweight-and-family-environments-a-cross-sectional-study-in-japanese-preschool-children
#10
Etsuko Watanabe, Jung Su Lee, Katsumi Mori, Kiyoshi Kawakubo
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is (1) to identify obesity-related lifestyle behaviour patterns of diet, physical activity, sedentary and sleep behaviours in preschool children, (2) to examine the association between identified behaviour clusters and overweight/obesity and (3) to investigate differences in children's family environments according to clusters. DESIGN SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional study on 2114 preschool children aged 3-6 years who attended childcare facilities (24 nursery schools and 10 kindergartens) in Tsuruoka city, Japan in April 2003 was conducted...
November 4, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807856/running-during-adolescence-rescues-a-maternal-separation-induced-memory-impairment-in-female-mice-potential-role-of-differential-exon-specific-bdnf-expression
#11
Luis Eduardo Wearick-Silva, Paul Marshall, Thiago Wendt Viola, Anderson Centeno-Silva, Lucas Araújo de Azeredo, Rodrigo Orso, Xiang Li, Márcio V Donadio, Timothy W Bredy, Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira
Exposure to early life stress has been associated with memory impairments related to changes in brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling. However, the potential impact of physical exercise to reverse these effects of maternal separation has been under investigated. Mice were subjected to maternal separation during the first 2 weeks of life and then exposed to a 3-week running protocol during adolescence. The spontaneous object recognition task was performed during adolescence followed by analysis of hippocampal expression of exons I, IV, and IX of the BDNF gene...
November 3, 2016: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806559/investigation-the-effects-of-metformin-versus-insulin-on-neonatal-and-maternal-outcomes-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-clinical-trail
#12
Mahin Najafian, Mojgan Barati, Sara Masihi, Ailin Fardipor
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of metformin versus insulin in the glycemic control and to investigate the maternal and neonatal outcomes in in women with gestational diabetes mellitus. Pregnant women with gestational diabetes were randomized to either receive metformin (n=70) or insulin (n=70). Inclusion criteria were singleton pregnancy, following healthy diet and performing exercise for at least one week without satisfactory blood glucose level, no risk factor contributing to lactic acidosis, and no anatomic and/or chromosome anomalies...
September 28, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806041/barriers-facilitators-and-priorities-for-implementation-of-who-maternal-and-perinatal-health-guidelines-in-four-lower-income-countries-a-great-network-research-activity
#13
Joshua P Vogel, Julia E Moore, Caitlyn Timmings, Sobia Khan, Dina N Khan, Atkure Defar, Azmach Hadush, Marta Minwyelet Terefe, Luwam Teshome, Katherine Ba-Thike, Kyu Kyu Than, Ahmad Makuwani, Godfrey Mbaruku, Mwifadhi Mrisho, Kidza Yvonne Mugerwa, Lisa M Puchalski Ritchie, Shusmita Rashid, Sharon E Straus, A Metin Gülmezoglu
BACKGROUND: Health systems often fail to use evidence in clinical practice. In maternal and perinatal health, the majority of maternal, fetal and newborn mortality is preventable through implementing effective interventions. To meet this challenge, WHO's Department of Reproductive Health and Research partnered with the Knowledge Translation Program at St. Michael's Hospital (SMH), University of Toronto, Canada to establish a collaboration on knowledge translation (KT) in maternal and perinatal health, called the GREAT Network (Guideline-driven, Research priorities, Evidence synthesis, Application of evidence, and Transfer of knowledge)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803265/environmental-contaminants-and-reproductive-bodies-provider-perspectives-on-risk-gender-and-responsibility
#14
Lindsay M Stevens
Increasingly, leading health organizations recommend that women who are pregnant or considering pregnancy avoid certain toxic chemicals found in our products, homes, and communities in order to protect fetuses from developmental and future harm. In the contemporary United States, women's maternal bodies have been treated as sites of exceptional risk and individual responsibility. Many studies have examined this phenomenon through the lens of lifestyle behaviors like smoking, drinking, and exercise. However, we know little about how environmental hazards fit into the dominant framework of gendered, individual responsibility for risk regulation...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798935/effects-of-maternal-valium-administration-on-fetal-mri-motion-artifact-a-comparison-study-at-high-altitude
#15
Mariana L Meyers, David M Mirsky, Kimberly A Dannull, Suhong Tong, Timothy M Crombleholme
PURPOSE: Fetal MRI is performed without sedation. In cases of maternal claustrophobia or when reduction of fetal motion is critical, benzodiazepines may help. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of low-dose benzodiazepine on fetal motion MRI and its effect on maternal oxygen levels at higher elevation. METHODS: A total of 131 fetal MRI scans performed from March 2012 through December 2013 were studied. Nineteen of the cases were performed following Valium administration...
November 1, 2016: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781267/maternal-health-in-pregnancy-and-associations-with-adverse-birth-outcomes-evidence-from-growing-up-in-new-zealand
#16
Amy L Bird, Cameron C Grant, Dinusha K Bandara, Jatender Mohal, Polly E Atatoa-Carr, Michelle R Wise, Hazel Inskip, Motohide Miyahara, Susan M B Morton
OBJECTIVE: To examine prospectively multiple indicators of pregnancy health and associations with adverse birth outcomes within a large, diverse sample of contemporary women. DESIGN: A cohort of pregnant women who gave birth during 2009-10. POPULATION: We enrolled a sample of 6822 pregnant New Zealand (NZ) women: 11% of all births in NZ during the recruitment period. METHODS: We analysed a number of maternal health indicators and behaviours during pregnancy in relation to birth outcomes using multivariable logistic regression...
October 26, 2016: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776846/-prevention-of-preterm-birth-complications-by-antenatal-corticosteroid-administration
#17
T Schmitz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate short- and long-term benefits and risks associated with antenatal administration of a single course of corticosteroids and the related strategies: multiple and rescue courses. METHODS: The PubMed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and foreign obstetrical societies or colleges have been consulted. RESULTS: Antenatal administration of a single course of corticosteroids before 34 weeks of gestation is associated in the neonatal period with a significant reduction of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and death (LE1), and in possibly childhood with a reduction of cerebral palsy and increased psychomotor development index and intact survival (LE3)...
October 21, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747365/strong-familial-association-of-bone-mineral-density-between-parents-and-offspring-knhanes-2008-2011
#18
H S Choi, J H Park, S H Kim, S Shin, M J Park
: Bone mineral density (BMD) of offspring was significantly associated with their parents' BMD. Parental BMD Z-score ≤-1 was a significant predictor for BMD Z-score ≤-1 in their offspring. Peak bone mass acquisition during early adulthood is more substantially influenced by genetic factors rather than lifestyle or environmental factors. INTRODUCTION: A person's BMD is affected by both genetic and environmental factors. Family history of osteoporosis or fragility fracture is a well-known risk factor for low bone mass or fracture...
October 17, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746311/effects-of-voluntary-exercise-on-the-viability-proliferation-and-bdnf-levels-of-bone-marrow-stromal-cells-in-rat-pups-born-from-morphine-dependent-mothers-during-pregnancy
#19
Sakineh Haydari, Manouchehr Safari, Sam Zarbakhsh, Ahmad Reza Bandegi, Hossein Miladi-Gorji
This study was designed to investigate whether free access to a running wheel during pregnancy in morphine-dependent mothers would influence the viability, proliferation and BDNF levels of bone marrow stromal cells in rat pups. Pregnant rats were made dependent by chronic administration of morphine in drinking water simultaneously with free access to a running wheel. Male pups are weaned at 21days of birth and their bones marrows were aspirated from the femurs and tibias and also the bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) cultured...
October 13, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745978/maternal-attitudes-normative-beliefs-and-subjective-norms-of-mothers-of-2-and-3-year-old-children
#20
Angela A Northrup, Arlene Smaldone
INTRODUCTION: This exploratory study examined maternal attitudes, normative beliefs, subjective norms, and meal selection behaviors of mothers of 2- and 3-year-old children. METHODS: Guided by the Theory of Reasoned Action, we had mothers complete three surveys, two interviews, and a feeding simulation exercise. Data were analyzed using descriptive and bivariate statistics and multivariate linear regression. RESULTS: A total of 31 mothers (50% Latino, 34% Black, 46...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
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