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Maternal Exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346474/examining-non-participation-to-the-maternal-follow-up-within-the-danish-national-birth-cohort
#1
Mette Bliddal, Zeyan Liew, Anton Pottegård, Helene Kirkegaard, Jørn Olsen, Ellen A Nohr
A follow-up questionnaire on maternal health has been distributed within the Danish National Birth Cohort (established 1996-2002) 14 years after the index birth. Answers were obtained for 41,466 of 78,010 (53.2%) eligible mothers. To ensure the appropriate use of these data, the possibility of selection bias due to non-participation must be evaluated. We estimated four selected exposure-outcome associations (pre-pregnancy weight - depression; exercise - degenerative musculoskeletal conditions; smoking - heart disease; and alcohol consumption - breast cancer)...
January 16, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324453/developmental-origins-of-health-span-and-life-span-a-mini-review
#2
Joshua D Preston, Leryn J Reynolds, Kevin J Pearson
BACKGROUND: A vast body of research has demonstrated that disease susceptibility and offspring health can be influenced by perinatal factors, which include both paternal and maternal behavior and environment. Offspring disease risk has the potential to affect the health span and life span of offspring. KEY FINDINGS: Various maternal factors, such as environmental toxicant exposure, diet, stress, exercise, age at conception, and longevity have the potential to influence age-associated diseases such as cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, and cancer risk in offspring...
January 12, 2018: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316912/the-effect-of-sleep-pattern-changes-on-postpartum-depressive-symptoms
#3
Beth A Lewis, Dwenda Gjerdingen, Katie Schuver, Melissa Avery, Bess H Marcus
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that poor sleep is associated with postpartum depression; however, little is known regarding this relationship among postpartum women who are at high for postpartum depression. This study examined the relationship between changes in self-reported sleep patterns (from six weeks to seven months postpartum) and depressive symptoms at seven months postpartum among women who were at high risk for postpartum depression. METHODS: Participants (n = 122) were postpartum women who were at an increased risk for postpartum depression (personal or maternal history of depression) and had participated in a randomized exercise intervention trial...
January 9, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314180/what-s-new-in-atopic-eczema-an-analysis-of-systematic-reviews-published-in-2015-part-1-epidemiology-and-methodology
#4
REVIEW
E Davies, N K Rogers, A Lloyd-Lavery, D J C Grindlay, K S Thomas
This review forms part of a series of annual updates that summarize the evidence base for atopic eczema (AE), providing a succinct guide for clinicians and patients. It provides a summary of key findings from 15 systematic reviews that were published during 2015, and focuses on the epidemiology and methodology issues of AE. For systematic reviews on the prevention and treatment of AE, see Part 2 of this update. The worldwide prevalence of AE during childhood has been calculated to be 7.89% (95% CI 7.88-7.89), based on studies of 1 430 329 children from 102 countries...
January 4, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310617/exercise-training-during-pregnancy-reduces-circulating-insulin-levels-in-overweight-obese-women-postpartum-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-the-etip-trial
#5
Kirsti K Garnæs, Siv Mørkved, Kjell Å Salvesen, Øyvind Salvesen, Trine Moholdt
BACKGROUND: The primary aim was to investigate if supervised exercise training during pregnancy could reduce postpartum weight retention (PPWR) three months after delivery in overweight and obese women. We also measured circulating markers of cardiometabolic health, body composition, blood pressure, and physical activity level. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial in which 91 women with BMI ≥ 28 kg/m2 were allocated 1:1 to an exercise program or a control group...
January 8, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306622/commonly-occurring-adverse-birth-outcomes-and-maternal-depression-a-longitudinal-study
#6
A M Kingsbury, M Plotnikova, J M Najman
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about whether commonly occurring adverse birth outcomes have a long-term impact on the mental health of mothers. The aim of this study was to investigate whether commonly occurring adverse birth outcomes predicted mothers' depressive-symptom trajectories over a 27-year period following the birth of a baby. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal study. METHODS: Participants comprised a sub-group of women from the longitudinal cohort of the Mater and University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy...
January 4, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298984/prenatal-counseling-on-type-2-diabetes-risk-exercise-and-nutrition-affects-the-likelihood-of-postpartum-diabetes-screening-after-gestational-diabetes
#7
Kai E Jones, Yan Yan, Graham A Colditz, Cynthia J Herrick
OBJECTIVE: Screening rates for type 2 diabetes after a pregnancy with gestational diabetes are inadequate. We aimed to determine how prenatal counseling on exercise, nutrition, and type 2 diabetes risk affects postpartum screening for diabetes. METHODS: Using Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System data from Colorado (2009-2011) and Massachusetts (2012-2013), we performed multivariable logistic regression to examine the relationship between prenatal counseling and postpartum screening...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289579/sequential-application-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-reduces-the-severity-of-labour-pain-delays-use-of-pharmacological-analgesia-and-improves-some-obstetric-outcomes-a-randomised-trial
#8
Rubneide Barreto Silva Gallo, Licia Santos Santana, Alessandra Cristina Marcolin, Geraldo Duarte, Silvana Maria Quintana
QUESTION: Among women in labour, does sequential application of non-pharmacological interventions relieve labour pain, shorten labour, and delay pharmacological analgesia use? DESIGN: Randomised trial with concealed allocation, assessor blinding, and intention-to-treat analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty women admitted in labour at the end of a low-risk pregnancy. INTERVENTION: Participants in the experimental group received three interventions for up to 40minutes each in particular stages of labour: exercise on a Swiss ball at 4 to 5cm of cervical dilation; lumbosacral massage at 5 to 6cm dilation; and a warm shower at >7cm dilation...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282169/maternal-stress-and-behavioral-and-clinical-factors-associated-with-dental-trauma-in-schoolchildren
#9
Clarissa Lopes Drumond, Ednele Primo Miranda, Débora Souto Souza, Leandro Silva Marques, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge, Joana Ramos-Jorge
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate associations between traumatic dental injury (TDI) and maternal stress and demographic, behavioral, and clinical characteristics of schoolchildren. METHODS: A cross-sectional investigation was conducted involving 396 eight- to 11- year-old schoolchildren in the city of Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Maternal stress and demographic and behavioral (breastfeeding and non-nutritive sucking habits) factors were evaluated using a questionnaire...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279833/preventive-effect-of-maternal-forced-exercise-on-offspring-pain-perception-and-intensity-the-role-of-5-ht2-and-d2-receptors
#10
Ozra Motaghinejad, Majid Motaghinejad, Manijeh Motevalian
Background: Many previous studies showed that maternal forced exercise can reduce some central disorders in offsprings, but its clear mechanism remains unclear. In this study, the role of 5-HT2 and D2 receptors in neuroprotective effects of maternal forced exercise in offspring neurodevelopment and effect on some behaviors were evaluated. Materials and Methods: Forty-eight pregnant rats were trained by forced exercise, and some behavioral assays in their offspring were performed in the presence and absence of 5-HT2 and D2 receptor antagonists in various experimental groups...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273044/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-exercise-during-pregnancy-on-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-results-from-the-pamela-study
#11
Shana Ginar da Silva, Pedro Curi Hallal, Marlos Rodrigues Domingues, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Mariângela Freitas da Silveira, Diego Bassani, Inácio Crochemore Mohnsam da Silva, Bruna Gonçalves Cordeiro da Silva, Carolina de Vargas Nunes Coll, Kelly Evenson
BACKGROUND: Women are encouraged to be physically active during pregnancy. Despite available evidence supporting antenatal physical activity to bring health benefits for both the mother and child, the most effective way to prevent some maternal and fetal outcomes is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an exercise intervention to prevent negative maternal and newborn health outcomes. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) nested into the 2015 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study was carried-out with 639 healthy pregnant women, 213 in the intervention group (IG) and 426 in the control (CG) group...
December 22, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202069/the-evolution-of-socioeconomic-status-related-inequalities-in-maternal-health-care-utilization-evidence-from-zimbabwe-1994-2011
#12
Marshall Makate, Clifton Makate
Background: Inequalities in maternal health care are pervasive in the developing world, a fact that has led to questions about the extent of these disparities across socioeconomic groups. Despite a growing literature on maternal health across Sub-Saharan African countries, relatively little is known about the evolution of these inequalities over time for specific countries. This study sought to quantify and explain the observed differences in prenatal care use and professional delivery assistance in Zimbabwe...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199072/maternal-brain-tnf-%C3%AE-programs-innate-fear-in-the-offspring
#13
Bojana Zupan, Bingfang Liu, Faten Taki, Judit Gal Toth, Miklos Toth
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) is a cytokine that not only coordinates local and systemic immune responses [1, 2] but also regulates neuronal functions. Most prominently, glia-derived TNF-α has been shown to regulate homeostatic synaptic scaling [3-6], but TNF-α-null mice exhibited no apparent cognitive or emotional abnormalities. Instead, we found a TNF-α-dependent intergenerational effect, as mothers with a deficit in TNF-α programmed their offspring to exhibit low innate fear. Cross-fostering and conditional knockout experiments indicated that a TNF-α deficit in the maternal brain, rather than in the hematopoietic system, and during gestation was responsible for the low-fear offspring phenotype...
November 21, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196482/do-changing-levels-of-maternal-exercise-during-pregnancy-affect-neonatal-adiposity-secondary-analysis-of-the-babies-after-scope-evaluating-the-longitudinal-impact-using-neurological-and-nutritional-endpoints-baseline-birth-cohort-cork-ireland
#14
Tom Norris, Fergus P McCarthy, Ali S Khashan, Deidre M Murray, Mairead Kiely, Jonathan O'B Hourihane, Philip N Baker, Louise C Kenny
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether changing levels of exercise during pregnancy are related to altered neonatal adiposity. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from a prospective cohort study. SETTING: Cork, Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: 1200 mother - infant pairs recruited as part of a prospective birth cohort, Babies After SCOPE: Evaluating the Longitudinal Impact Using Neurological and Nutritional Endpoints (BASELINE). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Neonatal adiposity was assessed within several days of birth using air displacement plethysmography (PEAPOD)...
December 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183725/involuntary-swimming-exercise-in-pregnant-rats-disturbs-erk1-2-signaling-in-embryonic-neurons-through-increased-cortisol-in-the-amniotic-fluid
#15
Yongwoo Jang, Byeongjun Lee, Eun-Kyung Kim, Won-Sik Shim, Young Duk Yang, Sung Min Kim
Harmful maternal behaviors, such as drinking and smoking, negatively affect embryonic development. In contrast, regular maternal exercise is believed to be beneficial to the fetus. Although it is not surprising that voluntary physical activities are advantageous to fetal development, it remains unclear whether involuntary maternal exercise has similar effects. The constituents of the amniotic fluid (AF) inevitably reflect the maternal plasma. Therefore, it is speculated that exercise-induced changes in maternal plasma can influence fetal development through changes in AF composition...
November 25, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179683/exercise-during-pregnancy-on-maternal-lipids-a-secondary-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Felipe Lobelo, Ana C Aguilar-de Plata, Mikel Izquierdo, Antonio García-Hermoso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179559/does-exercise-during-pregnancy-affect-placental-weight-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Ruben Barakat, Marina Vargas, Maia Brik, Irene Fernandez, Javier Gil, Javier Coteron, Belen Santacruz
Placental weight (PW) is a measure commonly used to summarize growth and aspects of placental function. In a normal pregnancy, it is reasonable to assume that PW is related to aspects of the functional capacity of the placenta. The placenta, as the site for all maternal-fetal oxygen and nutrient exchange, influences birth weight and is thus central to a successful pregnancy outcome. PW is the most common way to characterize placental growth, which relates to placental function. With physical exercise becoming an integral part of life for many women, the question of whether exercise during pregnancy has an adverse effect on the growing fetus is very important...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174008/-the-use-of-the-debriefing-assessment-for-simulation-in-healthcare-dash-in-a-simulation-based-team-learning-program-for-newborn-resuscitation-in-the-delivery-room
#18
C Durand, T Secheresse, M Leconte
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the contribution of the Debriefing Assessment for Simulation in Healthcare (DASH, Centre for Medical Simulation, Harvard) in a high-fidelity simulation in situ program used for newborn resuscitation training. METHODS: The DASH was scored by trainees and instructors at the end of the session. The instructors' feedback and opinions were collected. RESULTS: The study included 16 training sessions (ten maternity units) with 156 trainees and ten instructors (45 DASH)...
November 21, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159460/compound-heterozygous-inheritance-of-mutations-in-coenzyme-q8a-results-in-autosomal-recessive-cerebellar-ataxia-and-coenzyme-q10-deficiency-in-a-female-sib-pair
#19
Jessie C Jacobsen, Whitney Whitford, Brendan Swan, Juliet Taylor, Donald R Love, Rosamund Hill, Sarah Molyneux, Peter M George, Richard Mackay, Stephen P Robertson, Russell G Snell, Klaus Lehnert
Autosomal recessive ataxias are characterised by a fundamental loss in coordination of gait with associated atrophy of the cerebellum. There is significant clinical and genetic heterogeneity amongst inherited ataxias; however, an early molecular diagnosis is essential with low-risk treatments available for some of these conditions. We describe two female siblings who presented early in life with unsteady gait and cerebellar atrophy. Whole exome sequencing revealed compound heterozygous inheritance of two pathogenic mutations (p...
November 21, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136159/associations-between-maternal-lifestyle-factors-and-neonatal-body-composition-in-the-screening-for-pregnancy-endpoints-cork-cohort-study
#20
Darren L Dahly, Xia Li, Hazel A Smith, Ali S Khashan, Deirdre M Murray, Mairead E Kiely, Jonathan O'B Hourihane, Fergus P McCarthy, Louise C Kenny, Patricia M Kearney
Background: Neonatal body composition likely mediates fetal influences on life long chronic disease risk. A better understanding of how maternal lifestyle is related to newborn body composition could thus inform intervention efforts. Methods: Using Cork participant data (n = 1754) from the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) cohort study [ECM5(10)05/02/08], we estimated how pre-pregnancy body size, gestational weight gain, exercise, alcohol, smoking and diet were related to neonatal fat and fat-free mass, as well as length and gestational age at birth, using quantile regression...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
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