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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244208/parent-child-interactions-during-traditional-and-interactive-media-settings-a-pilot-randomized-control-study
#1
Silje Skaug, Kjellrun T Englund, Ingvild Saksvik-Lehouillier, Stian Lydersen, Lars Wichstrøm
Parent-child interactions are pivotal for children's socioemotional development, yet might suffer with increased attention to screen media, as research has suggested. In response, we hypothesized that parent-child play on a tablet computer, as representative of interactive media, would generate higher-quality parent-child interactions than toy play or watching TV. We examined the emotional availability of mothers and their 2-year-old child during the previous three contexts using a randomized crossover design (n = 22) in a laboratory room...
December 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244205/adding-circle-of-security-parenting-to-treatment-as-usual-in-three-swedish-infant-mental-health-clinics-effects-on-parents-internal-representations-and-quality-of-parent-infant-interaction
#2
Pia Risholm Mothander, Catarina Furmark, Kerstin Neander
This study presents effects of adding Circle of Security-Parenting (COS-P) to an already established comprehensive therapeutic model for early parent-child intervention in three Swedish infant mental health (IMH) clinics. Parents' internal representations and quality of parent-infant interaction were studied in a clinical sample comprised of 52 parent-infant dyads randomly allocated to two comparable groups. One group consisted of 28 dyads receiving treatment as usual (TAU) supplemented with COS-P in a small group format, and another group of 24 dyads receiving TAU only...
December 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243504/promoting-language-and-social-communication-development-in-babies-through-an-early-storybook-reading-intervention
#3
Michelle I Brown, Marleen F Westerveld, David Trembath, Gail T Gillon
PURPOSE: This study examined the effectiveness of low- and high-intensity early storybook reading (ESR) intervention workshops delivered to parents for promoting their babies language and social communication development. These workshops educated parents on how to provide a stimulating home reading environment and engage in parent-child interactions during ESR. METHOD: Parent-child dyads (n = 32); child age: 3-12 months, were assigned into two intervention conditions: low and high intensity (LI versus HI) groups...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240805/poly-victimization-in-a-norwegian-adolescent-population-prevalence-social-and-psychological-profile-and-detrimental-effects
#4
Svein Mossige, Lihong Huang
BACKGROUND: This study focuses on poly-victimization, with the aim of providing a realistic estimation of the prevalence of lifetime victimization in a Norwegian adolescent population (ages 18-19 years). METHODS: Based upon the concept from previous research, we applied measures of child poly-victimization on Norwegian data obtained from a national youth survey in 2015 (N = 4,531) to arrive at an estimation of its prevalence. We used variables that measure individual characteristics such as gender and educational aspiration and socio-economic factors such as parents' education level and home economic situation to derive a social and psychological profile of victimization and poly-victimization among young people...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237149/association-of-antibodies-to-citrullinated-protein-antigens-with-blood-pressure-in-first-degree-relatives-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-the-studies-of-the-etiology-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#5
Jan M Hughes-Austin, Ryan W Gan, Kevin D Deane, Michael H Weisman, M Kristen Demoruelle, Jeremy Sokolove, William H Robinson, V Michael Holers, Jill M Norris, Joachim H Ix
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is more common in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) than in the general population. It is unknown whether hypertension is due to RA-related medications or the disease itself. Therefore, we sought to investigate associations between RA-related autoantibodies, specifically antibodies to citrullinated protein antigens (ACPA) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in first-degree relatives of RA patients, who were free of RA and RA-related medications...
December 13, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230934/adult-children-of-parents-with-mental-illness-dehumanization-of-a-parent-she-wasn-t-the-wreck-in-those-years-that-she-was-to-become-later
#6
Gillian Murphy, Kath Peters, Lesley Wilkes, Debra Jackson
Children who have lived with parental mental illness experience long-standing reduced health and social outcomes, alongside ongoing personal distress. While there has been some dialogue regarding interventions to support children who are living with parental mental illness, there remains a paucity of knowledge regarding adult children's experiences and potential needs. Given this, the aim of the present study was to establish parenting narratives of adult children who had experienced childhood parental mental illness...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230806/comparing-the-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-parent-and-teacher-reported-oppositional-defiant-disorder-findings-from-a-national-sample
#7
James McNeilis, Barbara Maughan, Robert Goodman, Richard Rowe
BACKGROUND: Parents and teachers often disagree on the presence of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) in children. It has been argued that ODD should be treated as an informant-specific disorder. This study compared the characteristics of children identified with ODD by parent- and teacher report. METHODS: We used the 1999 British Child and Adolescent Mental Health Survey, including more than 10,000 observations aged 5-15 years, to investigate symptom profiles, risk factors, comorbidities and three-year outcomes of parent- and teacher-reported ODD...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228962/decision-making-on-therapeutic-futility-in-mexican-adolescents-with-cancer-a-qualitative-study
#8
Carlo Egysto Cicero-Oneto, Edith Valdez-Martinez, Miguel Bedolla
BACKGROUND: The world literature shows that empirical research regarding the process of decision-making when cancer in adolescents is no longer curable has been conducted in High-income, English speaking countries. The objective of the current study was to explore in-depth and to explain the decision-making process from the perspective of Mexican oncologists, parents, and affected adolescents and to identify the ethical principles that guide such decision-making. METHODS: Purposive, qualitative design based on individual, fact-to-face, semi-structured, in-depth interviews...
December 11, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228854/the-design-and-development-of-myt1dhero-a-mobile-app-for-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-and-their-parents
#9
Bree E Holtz, Katharine M Murray, Denise D Hershey, Joshua Richman, Julie K Dunneback, Arpita Vyas, Michael A Wood
Introduction Type 1 diabetes impacts approximately 1.25 m Americans, many of them young children. As a child grows, there is a transition towards independence and they must learn to manage their diabetes independently. The objective of this study was to design, develop and conduct a prototype test to assess the satisfaction and feasibility of a mobile app for adolescents with type 1 diabetes and their parents to aid in this transition. Methods Ten parent/adolescent groups used MyT1DHero for four weeks. They were given a pre-test/post-test survey regarding family conflict with three tasks of diabetes management and the general tone of family communication...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224793/validity-of-the-toddler-feeding-questionnaire-for-measuring-parent-authoritative-and-indulgent-feeding-practices-which-are-associated-with-stress-and-health-literacy-among-latino-parents-of-preschool-children
#10
William J Heerman, Julie Lounds-Taylor, Stephanie Mitchell, Shari L Barkin
Understanding the contribution of parental feeding practices to childhood obesity among Latino children is a solution-oriented approach that can lead to interventions supporting healthy childhood growth and lowering rates of obesity. The purpose of this study was to confirm the reliability and validity of the Toddler Feeding Questionnaire (TFQ) to measure parental feeding practices among a sample of Spanish-speaking parent-preschool child pairs (n = 529), and to test the hypothesis that parent characteristics of body mass index (BMI), stress, and health literacy are associated with more indulgent and less authoritative feeding practices...
November 3, 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219104/adherence-to-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-and-associations-with-social-cognitive-development-among-australian-preschool-children
#11
Dylan P Cliff, Jade McNeill, Stewart A Vella, Steven J Howard, Rute Santos, Marijka Batterham, Edward Melhuish, Anthony D Okely, Marc de Rosnay
BACKGROUND: The new Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years recommend that, for preschoolers, a healthy 24-h includes: i) ≥180 min of physical activity, including ≥60 min of energetic play, ii) ≤1 h of sedentary screen time, and iii) 10-13 h of good quality sleep. Using an Australian sample, this study reports the proportion of preschool children meeting these guidelines and investigates associations with social-cognitive development. METHODS: Data from 248 preschool children (mean age = 4...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219095/compliance-with-the-australian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-associations-with-weight-status
#12
Rute Santos, Zhiguang Zhang, João R Pereira, Eduarda Sousa-Sá, Dylan P Cliff, Anthony D Okely
BACKGROUND: For effective public health and surveillance it is important to document the proportion of young children who meet the new Australian Integrated 24 h Movement Guidelines for the Early Years and how these associate with health outcomes. We aimed to (i) assess compliance with the new Integrated 24 h Movement Guidelines for the Early Years in a sample of Australian toddlers; and (ii) ascertain whether compliance with the guidelines associates with weight status. METHODS: The sample comprised 202 toddlers (104 girls) aged 19...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215914/feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-a-parenting-programme-for-mexican-parents-of-children-with-acquired-brain-injury-case-report
#13
Clara Chavez-Arana, Cathy Catroppa, Guillermina Yáñez Téllez, Celia Godfrey, Belén Prieto-Corona, Miguel A de León, Antonio García, Vicki Anderson
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury (ABI) during childhood typically causes behaviour problems in the child and high levels of stress in the family. OBJECTIVES: (1) To investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of a parenting programme to: improve behaviour and self-regulation (SR) in Mexican children with ABI, enhance parenting skills, and decrease parental stress in parents of children with ABI; (2) to explore the impact of parent SR on child. METHODS: Case study design with four participants post-ABI, aged 7-12 years, recruited in Mexico City...
December 7, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214229/feasibility-trial-of-a-psychoeducational-intervention-for-parents-with-personality-difficulties-the-helping-families-programme
#14
Crispin Day, Jackie Briskman, Mike J Crawford, Lucy Harris, Paul McCrone, Mary McMurran, Paul Moran, Lou Morgan, Stephen Scott, Daniel Stahl, Paul Ramchandani, Timothy Weaver
The Helping Families Programme is a psychoeducational parenting intervention that aims to improve outcomes and engagement for parents affected by clinically significant personality difficulties. This is achieved by working collaboratively with parents to explore ways in which their emotional and relational difficulties impact on parenting and child functioning, and to identify meaningful and realistic goals for change. The intervention is delivered via one-to-one sessions at weekly intervals over a period of 16 weeks...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214136/training-parents-in-saudi-arabia-to-implement-discrete-trial-teaching-with-their-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Ahmad M Eid, Sarah M Aljaser, Anoud N AlSaud, Sultana M Asfahani, Ohoud A Alhaqbani, Rafat S Mohtasib, Hesham M Aldhalaan, Mitch Fryling
The present study evaluates the effects of a behavioral skill training package on parent implementation of discrete trial teaching with their children with autism spectrum disorder. Three mothers of children with autism participated in the study. The training package improved implementation for all three of the mothers. Moreover, these improvements generalized to skills that were not taught during training, maintained during follow-up probes, and resulted in improvements in child behavior.
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213191/how-mothers-in-poverty-explain-their-use-of-corporal-punishment-a-qualitative-study-in-kampala-uganda
#16
Nicola Boydell, Winifred Nalukenge, Godfrey Siu, Janet Seeley, Daniel Wight
Corporal punishment in the early years is associated with anti-social behaviour and violence, but little is known about its social and cultural context in low income countries. This paper analyses how 12 deprived women in Kampala, Uganda, perceived corporal punishment, drawing on repeated semi-structured interviews. All thought it was sometimes necessary, for three main reasons. First, it was an important strategy to ensure good behaviour and maintain their and their child's, respectability, crucial to self-respect given severe poverty...
November 2017: European Journal of Development Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211740/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-comprehensive-interventions-for-pre-school-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd
#17
Yoshiyuki Tachibana, Celine Miyazaki, Erika Ota, Rintaro Mori, Yeonhee Hwang, Eriko Kobayashi, Akiko Terasaka, Julian Tang, Yoko Kamio
BACKGROUND: There has an increasing number of published trials on psychosocial intervention programmes for pre-school children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). To achieve better quality of unbiased evidence for the effectiveness of ASD interventions, it is necessary to conduct a comprehensive review that covers studies with adequate quality standards, such as randomised controlled trials (RCTs), and different types of intervention In this study, we categorize interventions for ASD as behavioural, social-communication focused, and multimodal developmental based on Howlin's classification of early interventions for children with ASD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206686/adverse-childhood-experiences-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Daniel W Hoover, Joan Kaufman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent years have shown an uptick in studies assessing bullying and other adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This article reviews extant findings, and points to gaps in the literature. RECENT FINDINGS: Children with ASD are bullied by peers at a rate three to four times that of nondisabled peers with negative impacts on academic functioning and mental health symptoms, including increased risk for suicidality...
December 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204103/single-mothering-as-experienced-by-burundian-refugees-in-australia-a-qualitative-inquiry
#19
Lily P Tsai, Jennieffer A Barr, Anthony Welch
Background: Refugee mothers have fled from their homeland to escape persecutions with their children only to find other threats to their well-being in the new country. Building on previous research, it is known that being a new immigrant is challenging and requires adaptation. The adaptation process, known as acculturation, may not be successful leading to psychological distress. It is also known that a generation gap can occur when children acculturate faster than their parents. What was lacking was understanding about the experiences of single refugee mothers...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203741/-studying-of-life-s-quality-changes-among-children-of-the-first-three-year-of-life-with-visual-analyzer-s-congenital-pathology-as-instrument-of-their-social-adaptation-s-formation-in-the-future-became-a-research-objective
#20
Nataliia V Medvedovska, Tetiana M Bukhanovska, Anatolii A Shevchyk
INTRODUCTION: The study of the composite qualities of life is an important component of the quality of provided medical aid. The way of our investigation that was chosen by us, the quality of life of the children of first years of life with the congenital pathology of vision arises the significant problem of assessment of its changes, because children of these ages can't take part in an interview and we adapted the standard questionnaire "Children Visual Function Questionnaire" (CVFQ) with its help the components of quality of the children of first years of life assess their parents...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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