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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910752/gender-differences-in-how-family-income-and-parental-education-relate-to-reading-achievement-in-china-the-mediating-role-of-parental-expectation-and-parental-involvement
#1
Xiaolin Guo, Bo Lv, Huan Zhou, Chunhui Liu, Juan Liu, Kexin Jiang, Liang Luo
The impact of social economic status (SES) on children's academic outcomes has been well documented. However, the mechanisms underlying this relationship remain poorly understood. Furthermore, the process by which SES relates to academic achievement needs to be studied separately for boys and girls. Using a sample of 598 Chinese children (299 boys, 299 girls) in grades 4 to 6 and their parents, this study examined the process of how family SES, specifically family income and parental education, indirectly relates to children's reading achievement through parental expectation and parental involvement and whether this process differs between boys and girls...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910308/links-between-adolescent-athletes-prosocial-behavior-and-relationship-with-parents-a-mixed-methods-study
#2
Aušra Lisinskienė, Marc Lochbaum
Adolescent relationships with parents are of the highest importance. The relationships likely reflect the nature of internal working models in youth sport that may well function as a psychological template during the construction of youth prosocial behavior. However, researchers' focus to date has concerned specific aspects of parental practices in child-based sporting activities. There is a lack of research covering parent-athlete interpersonal relationships concerned with how the relationships affect adolescent prosocial behavior...
January 17, 2018: Sports (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909602/traumatic-stress-among-school-aged-pediatric-surgery-patients-and-their-parents
#3
Amichai Ben Ari, Daniella Margalit, Raphael Udassin, Fortu Benarroch
INTRODUCTION:  Since hospitalization can be a traumatic event for children, many of them may suffer from a cluster of chronic psychological and emotional difficulties called Pediatric Medical Traumatic Stress (PMTS). Although PMTS causes considerable functional impairment and psychological distress and may decrease the children's compliance with post-surgical care, awareness of this condition is low and thus not enough effort is made to prevent it. The objective of this study is to assess prospectively the prevalence and characteristics of PMTS in school-age children following hospitalization in a general pediatric surgery ward and in their parents, which has not been documented before...
June 17, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909595/disability-experiences-and-perspectives-regarding-reproductive-decisions-parenting-and-the-utility-of-genetic-services-a-qualitative-study
#4
C Roadhouse, C Shuman, K Anstey, K Sappleton, D Chitayat, E Ignagni
Genetic counselors adopt seemingly contradictory roles: advocating for individuals with genetic conditions while offering prenatal diagnosis and the option of selective termination to prevent the birth of a child with a disability. This duality contributes to the tension between the disability and clinical genetics communities. Varying opinions exist amongst the disability community: some value genetic services while others are opposed. However, there is limited research exploring the opinions of individuals with a disability regarding issues related to reproduction and genetic services in the context of personal experience...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908436/adverse-experiences-in-infancy-and-toddlerhood-relations-to-adaptive-behavior-and-academic-status-in-middle-childhood
#5
Lorraine M McKelvey, Nicola Conners Edge, Glenn R Mesman, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell, Robert H Bradley
Findings from the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) study articulated the negative effects of childhood trauma on long-term well-being. The purpose of the current study is to examine the associations between ACEs experienced in infancy and toddlerhood and adaptive behavior and academic status in middle childhood. We used data collected from a sample of low-income families during the impacts study of Early Head Start (EHS). Data were collected by trained interviewers demonstrating at least 85% reliability with protocols...
June 13, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907922/cohort-differences-in-parental-financial-help-to-adult-children
#6
John C Henretta, Matthew F Van Voorhis, Beth J Soldo
In this article, we examine birth cohort differences in parents' provision of monetary help to adult children with particular focus on the extent to which cohort differences in family structure and the transition to adulthood influence these changes. Using data from the Health and Retirement Study from 1994 to 2010, we compare financial help to children of three respondent cohorts as the parents in these birth cohorts from ages 53-58 to 57-62. We find that transfers to children have increased among more recent cohorts...
June 15, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907128/protecting-adolescents-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-from-interpersonal-violence-pro-youth-trial-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-strengthening-families-programme-10-14-familias-fuertes-in-panama
#7
Anilena Mejia, Richard Emsley, Eleonora Fichera, Wadih Maalouf, Jeremy Segrott, Rachel Calam
BACKGROUND: Interpersonal violence can significantly reduce adolescents' opportunities for becoming happy and healthy adults. Central America is the most violent region in the world and it is estimated that adolescents are involved in 82% of all homicides in this region. Family skills training programmes have been designed to prevent interpersonal violence in adolescents. Several studies in high-income countries suggest they are effective. However, there are no published trials assessing effectiveness of these programmes in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC)...
June 15, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907115/determinants-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-attitudes-an-interview-of-wisconsin-parents
#8
Kathrine L Barnes, Jeffrey J VanWormer, Shannon Stokley, Elizabeth R Vickers, Huong Q McLean, Edward A Belongia, Casper G Bendixsen
BACKGROUND: Parental attitudes play a key role in their decisions to vaccinate adolescents against the human papillomavirus (HPV). Little is known, however, about the formative experiences that shape parents' attitudes about the HPV vaccine. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 25 parents of 11-17 year old adolescents in Wisconsin who changed their HPV vaccine attitudes (per prior surveys) over one year. A modified grounded theory approach was then used to generate primary themes of attitudinal determinants...
June 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903835/father-inclusive-perinatal-parent-education-programs-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Joyce Y Lee, Heather A Knauer, Shawna J Lee, Mark P MacEachern, Craig F Garfield
CONTEXT: Fathers contribute to their children's health starting at the beginning of life. Few parent education programs include fathers. Among those that do, there is little effort to report program effects on father outcomes. OBJECTIVE: In this systematic review, we examined father-inclusive perinatal parent education programs in the United States as they relate to a range of father outcomes. DATA SOURCES: The databases searched were PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Embase, Ovid Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and PsycINFO...
June 14, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903608/management-of-pediatric-patients-with-dsd-and-ambiguous-genitalia-balancing-the-child-s-moral-claims-to-self-determination-with-parental-values-and-preferences
#10
David A Diamond, Jonathan Swartz, Amy Tishelman, Judith Johnson, Yee-Ming Chan
INTRODUCTION: A central ethical dilemma in management of the patient with a disorder of sex development (DSD) is the potential conflict between respect for the fundamental right of the child for physical and emotional integrity and self-determination, and the right of parents to serve as surrogate decision-makers and act in their child's best interest. METHODS: Over the past 2 years we have encountered three complex DSD cases on the spectrum of mixed gonadal dysgenesis to ovotesticular DSD in which gender assignment and therefore optimal surgical management was uncertain...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903270/-association-of-aggressive-behavior-with-separation-from-parents-and-social-anxiety-in-grade-four-to-six-of-rural-senior-primary-school-students-in-anhui-province-in-2014
#11
Qin Zhang, Yanqiu Meng, Lu Wu, Rongying Yao, Lianguo Fu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between separation from parents and social anxiety with aggressive behaviors, to provide scientific basis for the prevention of aggression. METHODS: Stratified random sampling was used to collect 1126 students ofthe fourth, fifth and sixth grade from three primary schools in Dangshan County and two primary schools in Guzhen County. The incomplete or incorrect questionnaires were eliminated, and 1024 questionnaires were valid; the effective rate was 90...
March 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902951/concordance-of-teacher-rated-and-performance-based-measures-of-executive-functioning-in-preschoolers
#12
Leanne Tamm, James Peugh
The most common method used to evaluate child behavior and functioning is rating scales completed by parents and/or teachers. Given that executive functioning (EF) plays a fundamental role in the developing child's cognitive, behavioral, and social-emotional development, it would be ideal if ratings of EF and performance-based EF measures assess the same construct. However, most studies report a small to negligible association between performance-based measures and ratings of EF. There are few studies investigating this association for preschoolers, and most only include parent ratings...
June 14, 2018: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902175/assessing-the-validity-and-reliability-of-family-factors-on-physical-activity-a-case-study-in-turkey
#13
Sharalyn Steenson, Hilal Özcebe, Umut Arslan, Hande Konşuk Ünlü, Özgür M Araz, Mahmut Yardim, Sarp Üner, Nazmi Bilir, Terry T-K Huang
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity rates have been rising rapidly in developing countries. A better understanding of the risk factors and social context is necessary to inform public health interventions and policies. This paper describes the validation of several measurement scales for use in Turkey, which relate to child and parent perceptions of physical activity (PA) and enablers and barriers of physical activity in the home environment. METHOD: The aim of this study was to assess the validity and reliability of several measurement scales in Turkey using a population sample across three socio-economic strata in the Turkish capital, Ankara...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899720/a-qualitative-study-on-the-grief-of-people-who-lose-their-only-child-from-the-perspective-of-familism-culture
#14
Yudi Zhang, Xiaoming Jia
Shidu is the Chinese transliteration for 'losing an only child,' which indicates the death of the only child in the family. Shidu is a unique social phenomenon resulting from the One-Child Policy implemented in China for several decades. Shiduers are parents who have lost their only child. The grief research scholar Neimeyer (2012) argued that grief research should consider the role of different cultures in the grieving process. Familism culture is a collectivist culture that has a profound effect on Chinese society and is likely to produce a significant effect on the grieving process of shiduers; however, this effect has not yet received systematic attention in research...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899299/parent-attributions-of-ambiguous-symptoms-in-their-children-a-preliminary-measure-validation-in-parents-of-children-with-chronic-pain
#15
Lauren C Heathcote, Sara E Williams, Allison M Smith, Christine B Sieberg, Laura E Simons
How parents attribute cause to their child’s physical symptoms is likely important in understanding how the parent responds to the child, as well as the child’s health outcomes, especially within the context of chronic illness. Here, we adapt the Symptom Interpretation Questionnaire for parent report (SIQ-PR) and provide preliminary validation in a sample of parents of children with chronic pain ( N = 311). Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the SIQ-PR structure is consistent with the original measure, with three distinct attribution types: psychological (emotional/affective), somatic (illness/disease), and environmental (situational/transient) causes...
June 13, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898009/pain-perception-and-pain-coping-mechanisms-in-children-and-adolescents-with-juvenile-fibromyalgia-and-polyarticular-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#16
Melissa Mariti Fraga, Maria Teresa Terreri, Rafael Teixeira Azevedo, Maria Odete Esteves Hilário, Claudio Arnaldo Len
OBJECTIVE: To measure and compare musculoskeletal pain in patients with juvenile fibromyalgia (JFM) and polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), and to evaluate and compare pain perception and pain coping mechanisms in these patients. METHODS: In this cross sectional study, we evaluated 150 children and adolescents, and their respective parents, from 3 different groups: JFM, polyarticular JIA, and healthy controls. Pain intensity and pain coping mechanisms were measured using specific questionnaires...
June 11, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895723/factors-associated-with-maternal-worry-about-her-young-child-exhibiting-choosy-feeding-behaviour
#17
Pauline M Emmett, Nicholas P Hays, Caroline M Taylor
Choosiness in young children is a normal behaviour that sometimes worries parents. The study aimed to investigate factors that are associated with a mother being worried about her child’s choosy feeding behaviour. Parents of singleton children from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children ( n = 5710) completed a questionnaire assessing perception of their child’s choosy feeding behaviour at 15 months of age and whether this choosiness worried them. Feeding behaviours and practices throughout the first 15 months were captured...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895298/validity-of-parental-recalls-to-estimate-vaccination-coverage-evidence-from-tanzania
#18
Peter Binyaruka, Josephine Borghi
BACKGROUND: The estimates of vaccination coverage are measured from administrative data and from population based survey. While both card-based and recall data are collected through population survey, and the recall is when the card is missing, the preferred estimates remain of the card-based due to limited validity of parental recalls. As there is a concern of missing cards in poor settings, the evidence on validity of parental recalls is limited and varied across vaccine types, and therefore timely and needed...
June 13, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893518/parent-child-relationships-and-self%C3%A2-control-in-male-university-students-desire-to-play-video-games
#19
Sina Karbasizadeh, Masih Jani, Mahtab Keshvari
AIM: To determine the relationship between the parent-child relationship, self-control and demographic characteristics and the desire to play video games among male university students at one university in Iran. METHOD: This was a correlational, descriptive, applied study. A total of 103 male students were selected randomly as a study sample from the population of male students at Isfahan University in Iran. Data collection tools used were the Video Games Questionnaire, Tanji's Self-Control Scale, Parent-Child Relationship Questionnaire, and Demographic Questionnaire...
June 12, 2018: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892175/outcome-of-living-donor-liver-transplantation-for-wilson-s-disease-in-adults-a-single-center-experience
#20
Narendra S Choudhary, Sanjiv Saigal, Neeraj Saraf, Amit Rastogi, Sanjay Goja, Prashant Bhangui, Srinivasan Thiagrajan, Dheeraj Gautam, Deepak Govil, Vijay Vohra, Arvinder S Soin
Introduction: Although liver transplantation is a definitive cure for Wilson's disease (WD), there is limited data about results of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) in adults. Material and methods: 18 adults underwent LDLT for WD. The presentations before LDLT were decompensated cirrhosis ( n  = 16), acute on chronic liver failure ( n  = 1) and acute liver failure ( n  = 1). The donors were parents ( n  = 2), siblings ( n  = 3), cousin ( n  = 1), daughter ( n  = 1), nephew ( n  = 1), spouse or relatives of spouse ( n  = 9) and from swap transplantation ( n  = 1)...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
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