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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646976/promoting-parent-academic-expectations-predicts-improved-school-outcomes-for-low-income-children-entering-kindergarten
#1
John E Loughlin-Presnal, Karen L Bierman
This study explored patterns of change in the REDI (Research-based Developmentally Informed) Parent program (REDI-P), designed to help parents support child learning at the transition into kindergarten. Participants were 200 prekindergarten children attending Head Start (55% European-American, 26% African American, 19% Latino, 56% male, Mage=4.45years, SD=0.29) and their primary caregivers, who were randomized to a 16-session home-visiting intervention (REDI-P) or a control group. Extending beyond a prior study documenting intervention effects on parenting behaviors and child kindergarten outcomes, this study assessed the impact of REDI-P on parent academic expectations, and then explored the degree to which intervention gains in three areas of parenting (parent-child interactive reading, parent-child conversations, parent academic expectations) predicted child outcomes in kindergarten (controlling for baseline values and a set of child and family characteristics)...
June 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645568/predictors-of-successful-telephone-follow-up-in-a-multicenter-study-of-infants-with-severe-bronchiolitis
#2
Vickie Wu, Nora Abo-Sido, Janice A Espinola, Courtney N Tierney, Kathleen T Tedesco, Ashley F Sullivan, Carlos A Camargo
PURPOSE: To identify the characteristics that predict successful telephone follow-up with parents of infants with severe bronchiolitis. METHODS: We analyzed data from a 17-center, prospective cohort study of infants (age <1 year) hospitalized with bronchiolitis during three consecutive fall/winter seasons. Participant contact information and clinical data were collected during the index hospitalization. Parents were called at 6-month intervals (based on the child's age) after discharge to assess respiratory problems...
June 5, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641252/an-embedded-marked-point-process-framework-for-three-level-object-population-analysis
#3
Csaba Benedek
In this paper we introduce a probabilistic approach for extracting complex hierarchical object structures from digital images used by various vision applications. The proposed framework extends conventional Marked Point Process (MPP) models by (i) admitting object-subobject ensembles in parent-child relationships and (ii) allowing corresponding objects to form coherent object groups, by a Bayesian segmentation of the population. Different from earlier, highly domain specific attempts on MPP generalization, the proposed model is defined at an abstract level, providing clear interfaces for applications in various domains...
June 15, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639805/how-do-parent-expectations-promote-child-academic-achievement-in-early-elementary-school-a-test-of-three-mediators
#4
John Loughlin-Presnal, Karen L Bierman
Using a longitudinal mediation framework and a low-income sample, this study had 2 aims: (a) to model bidirectional associations between parent academic expectations and child academic outcomes from first through fifth grade, and (b) to explore 3 mediators of parental influence: parent involvement in child schooling, child learning behaviors, and child perceived academic competence. Participants included 356 children and their caregivers (89% mothers) recruited from Head Start centers (58% European American, 25% African American, 17% Latino)...
June 22, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639700/systematic-review-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adults-with-eosinophilic-oesophagitis-instruments-for-measurement-and-determinant-factors
#5
REVIEW
A J Lucendo, L Arias-González, J Molina-Infante, Á Arias
BACKGROUND: Several measures have been used to assess the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE). AIMS: To systematically review these HRQoL measures, to appraise measurement properties of specific instruments and to evaluate determinant factors influencing HRQoL in paediatric and adult EoE patients. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science (WOS) and PsycINFO databases for documents providing original information on the development of measurement tools and/or evaluation of HRQoL outcomes in EoE patients of all ages...
June 22, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639698/definitional-elasticity-in-the-measurement-of-intergenerational-continuity-in-substance-use
#6
Thomas A Loughran, Pilar Larroulet, Terence P Thornberry
Increasingly, three generation studies have investigated intergenerational (IG) continuity and discontinuity in substance use and related problem behaviors. However, surprisingly little attention has been paid to the conceptual definition of continuity or to different types of discontinuity (resilience and escalation) or to measurement sensitivity, which affects not only the magnitudes of observed continuity but also factors that correlate with this linkage. This study uses longitudinal data on 427 parent-child dyads from the Rochester IG Study to study continuity and discontinuity in substance use over ages 14-18...
June 22, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639319/diet-physical-activity-and-behavioural-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-overweight-or-obese-children-from-the-age-of-6-to-11-years
#7
REVIEW
Emma Mead, Tamara Brown, Karen Rees, Liane B Azevedo, Victoria Whittaker, Dan Jones, Joan Olajide, Giulia M Mainardi, Eva Corpeleijn, Claire O'Malley, Elizabeth Beardsmore, Lena Al-Khudairy, Louise Baur, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Alessandro Demaio, Louisa J Ells
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent overweight and obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with significant short- and long-term health consequences. This is an update of a Cochrane review published first in 2003, and updated previously in 2009. However, the update has now been split into six reviews addressing different childhood obesity treatments at different ages. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of diet, physical activity and behavioural interventions (behaviour-changing interventions) for the treatment of overweight or obese children aged 6 to 11 years...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637529/predictors-of-adults-body-mass-index-and-the-association-with-index-child-s-infant-birth-weight-in-the-lifeways-cross-generation-cohort-study-of-a-thousand-families-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#8
S McKey, M Heinen, J Mehegan, R Somerville, H Khalil, R Segurado, C Murrin, C C Kelleher
The Lifeways study is novel in having information on three generations of the same families. It is well established that infant birth weight (IBW) predicts individuals' risk of adult chronic disease and more recently studies report cross-generation transmission of risk patterns. The aims of this analysis were to examine whether adults' birth weights were associated with measures of own health status or social position and to relate adults' birth weights to that of the index child's IBW. Finally, we assessed whether birth weight of either adults or children was associated with adult body mass index (BMI) of parents and grandparents...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636069/parent-child-association-in-body-weight-status
#9
Tracey Bushnik, Didier Garriguet, Rachel Colley
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adults has risen in Canada. Studies suggest that parent obesity is a risk factor for overweight and obesity in children. This analysis examines associations between biological parent and child body mass index (BMI) in a nationally representative sample of Canadian children. DATA AND METHODS: The analysis is based on data collected for 1,563 children aged 6 to 10 in the first three cycles of the Canadian Health Measures Survey (2007 to 2013)...
June 21, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636068/parent-child-association-in-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour
#10
Didier Garriguet, Rachel Colley, Tracey Bushnik
BACKGROUND: Parents influence the physical activity and sedentary behaviour of their children. This analysis examines associations between parental role modeling and support and children's physical activity and sedentary behaviour. DATA AND METHODS: The sample consists of 1,328 biological parent-child pairs from the first three cycles of the Canadian Health Measures Survey (2007 through 2013). Data on physical activity and sedentary behaviour were collected using a questionnaire and by accelerometer...
June 21, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634716/from-prenatal-anxiety-to-parenting-stress-a-longitudinal-study
#11
A C Huizink, B Menting, M H M De Moor, M L Verhage, F C Kunseler, C Schuengel, M Oosterman
The objective of this study was to explore how maternal mood during pregnancy, i.e., general anxiety, pregnancy-specific anxiety, and depression predicted parenting stress 3 months after giving birth, thereby shaping the child's early postnatal environmental circumstances. To this end, data were used from 1073 women participating in the Dutch longitudinal cohort Generations(2), which studies first-time pregnant mothers during pregnancy and across the transition to parenthood. Women filled out the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Pregnancy-Related Anxiety Questionnaire-revised (PRAQ-R), and Beck Depression Index (BDI) three times during pregnancy: at 12, 22, and 32 weeks gestational age...
June 21, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634706/parenting-a-child-with-asd-comparison-of-parenting-style-between-asd-anxiety-and-typical-development
#12
Pamela Ventola, Jiedi Lei, Courtney Paisley, Eli Lebowitz, Wendy Silverman
Parenting children with ASD has a complex history. Given parents' increasingly pivotal role in children's treatment, it is critical to consider parental style and behaviours. This study (1) compares parenting style of parents of children with ASD, parents of children with anxiety disorders, and parents of typically developing (TD) children and (2) investigates contributors to parenting style within and between groups. Parents of children with anxiety had a distinct parenting style compared to ASD and TD parents...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634248/suburban-families-experience-with-food-insecurity-screening-in-primary-care-practices
#13
Deepak Palakshappa, Stephanie Doupnik, Aditi Vasan, Saba Khan, Leah Seifu, Chris Feudtner, Alexander G Fiks
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity (FI) remains a major public health problem. With the rise in suburban poverty, a greater understanding of parents' experiences of FI in suburban settings is needed to effectively screen and address FI in suburban practices. METHODS: We conducted 23 semistructured interviews with parents of children <4 years of age who presented for well-child care in 6 suburban pediatric practices and screened positive for FI. In the interviews, we elicited parents' perceptions of screening for FI, how FI impacted the family, and recommendations for how practices could more effectively address FI...
June 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633042/feasibility-study-of-a-family-focused-intervention-to-improve-outcomes-for-children-with-fasd
#14
Natasha Reid, Sharon Dawe, Paul Harnett, Doug Shelton, Lauren Hutton, Frances O'Callaghan
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence shows that children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) can benefit from interventions, and specifically interventions focused on improving self-regulation. However, novel ways of improving outcomes for children with FASD need further investigation so that programs target not only the individual child but also the family context, which includes the parent-child relationship. AIMS: The current study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of an adapted version of the Parents under Pressure (PuP) program that addresses self-regulatory processes, through improving the parent-child relationship and the use of mindfulness-based strategies for both children and parents...
June 17, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632394/changes-in-eating-behaviors-of-children-with-obesity-in-response-to-carbohydrate-modified-and-portion-controlled-diets
#15
Shelley Kirk, Jessica G Woo, Bonnie Brehm, Stephen R Daniels, Brian E Saelens
OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to determine whether two distinct carbohydrate (CHO)-modified diets and a standard portion-controlled (PC) diet differentially impacted children's eating behaviors and whether eating behavior scores predicted lower BMI among children with obesity. METHODS: Children (n = 102) aged 7-12 years with obesity were randomly assigned to a 12-month intervention of a low-carbohydrate (LC), reduced glycemic load (RGL), or standard PC diet...
June 20, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629428/study-protocol-evaluation-of-an-online-father-inclusive-universal-parenting-intervention-to-reduce-child-externalising-behaviours-and-improve-parenting-practices
#16
Lucy A Tully, Patrycja J Piotrowska, Daniel A J Collins, Kathleen S Mairet, David J Hawes, Eva R Kimonis, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Caroline Moul, Vicki Anderson, Paul J Frick, Mark R Dadds
BACKGROUND: Parenting interventions that focus on enhancing the quality and consistency of parenting are effective for preventing and reducing externalising problems in children. There has been a recent shift towards online delivery of parenting interventions in order to increase their reach and impact on the population prevalence of child externalising problems. Parenting interventions have low rates of father participation yet research suggests that father involvement may be critical to the success of the intervention...
June 19, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626606/the-ways-parents-cope-with-stress-in-difficult-parenting-situations-the-structural-equation-modeling-approach
#17
Agnieszka Szymańska, Kamila Anna Dobrenko
The purpose of this study was to verify a theoretical model of parents' responses to difficulties they experienced with their child. The model presents relationships between seven variables: (a) discrepancy between parental goal and the child's current level of development, (b) parental experience of a difficulty, (c) representation of the child in the parent's mind, (d) parent's withdrawal from the parenting situation, (e) seeking help, (f) distancing oneself from the situation, and (g) applying pressure on the child...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626440/executive-function-in-adolescence-associations-with-child-and-family-risk-factors-and-self-regulation-in-early-childhood
#18
Donna Berthelsen, Nicole Hayes, Sonia L J White, Kate E Williams
Executive functions are important higher-order cognitive skills for goal-directed thought and action. These capacities contribute to successful school achievement and lifelong wellbeing. The importance of executive functions to children's education begins in early childhood and continues throughout development. This study explores contributions of child and family factors in early childhood to the development of executive function in adolescence. Analyses draw on data from the nationally representative study, Growing up in Australia: The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625208/parenting-cognitions-%C3%A2-parenting-practices-%C3%A2-child-adjustment-the-standard-model
#19
Marc H Bornstein, Diane L Putnick, Joan T D Suwalsky
In a large-scale (N = 317) prospective 8-year longitudinal multiage, multidomain, multivariate, multisource study, we tested a conservative three-term model linking parenting cognitions in toddlerhood to parenting practices in preschool to classroom externalizing behavior in middle childhood, controlling for earlier parenting practices and child externalizing behavior. Mothers who were more knowledgeable, satisfied, and attributed successes in their parenting to themselves when their toddlers were 20 months of age engaged in increased supportive parenting during joint activity tasks 2 years later when their children were 4 years of age, and 6 years after that their 10-year-olds were rated by teachers as having fewer classroom externalizing behavior problems...
June 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625195/consistency-matters-consistency-in-the-timing-and-quality-of-daily-interactions-between-parents-and-adolescents-predicts-production-of-proinflammatory-cytokines-in-youths
#20
Erika M Manczak, Adam K K Leigh, Chia-Ping Chin, Edith Chen
The current study examined whether consistency in day-to-day interactions between children and parents related to inflammatory cytokine production in youths. One hundred twenty-three parents recorded the daily quality of interactions and timing of leisure activities with their adolescent children for 2 weeks, and the degree of variability in those ratings was calculated. One year later, the production of proinflammatory cytokines in youths' blood was measured in response to in vitro exposure to lipopolysaccharide (a bacterial product)...
June 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
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