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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913138/the-effect-of-thiazide-and-potassium-citrate-use-on-the-health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-urolithiasis
#1
Eric P Raffin, Kristina L Penniston, Jodi A Antonelli, Davis P Viprakasit, Timothy D Averch, Vincent G Bird, Ben H Chew, Sri Sivalingam, Roger L Sur, Stephen Y Nakada, Vernon M Pais
INTRODUCTION: It is unknown whether benefits of medical management of urolithiasis outweigh potential side effects of utilized medications including potassium citrate (Kcit) and thiazide diuretics. Therefore, we sought to evaluate the relationship between Kcit or thiazides and overall stone-related health related quality of life (HRQOL). METHODS: Using cross-sectional data from stone forming enrollees in the North American Stone Quality of Life Consortium, we used the Wisconsin Stone Quality of Life questionnaire (WISQOL) to compare HRQOL between patients treated and not treated with Kcit or thiazide type diuretics...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912960/understanding-women-s-uptake-and-adherence-in-option-b-for-prevention-of-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-in-papua-indonesia-a-qualitative-study
#2
Christina Lumbantoruan, Michelle Kermode, Aloisius Giyai, Agnes Ang, Margaret Kelaher
BACKGROUND: Despite a more proactive approach to reducing new HIV infections in infants through lifelong treatment (Option B+ policy) for infected pregnant women, prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) has not been fully effective in Papua, Indonesia. Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) is the second greatest risk factor for HIV infection in the community, and an elimination target of <1% MTCT has not yet been achieved. The purpose of this study was to improve understanding of the implementation of Option B+ for PMTCT in Papua through investigation of facilitators and barriers to women's uptake and adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) in the program...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911578/evaluation-of-the-cost-effectiveness-of-buprenorphine-in-treatment-of-chronic-pain-using-competing-eq-5d-weights
#3
Hanna Norrlid, Peter Dahm, Gunnel Ragnarson Tennvall
Background and aims Chronic pain is a life altering condition and common among elderly persons. The 7-day buprenorphine patch could be a suitable treatment for managing chronic pain of moderate severity in elderly patients in Sweden. The objective of this analysis was to investigate the cost-effectiveness of the 7-day buprenorphine patch, versus no treatment, in patients >50 years old who suffer from moderate pain in a health economic perspective. An additional aim was to evaluate how the cost-effectiveness is affected by the choice of EQ-5D weights...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911054/is-silver-diamine-fluoride-effective-in-preventing-and-arresting-caries-in-elderly-adults-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Gireesh Kumar Subbiah, Nithin Manchery Gopinathan
Aim: Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) has invoked interest in recent times due to its remineralization capacity and non-invasive application procedure. The aim of this systematic review was to report the findings concerning the effectiveness of SDF in managing caries in the elderly adults. Materials and Methods: A systematic search of publications was conducted using four databases: PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, and CENTRAL. The key MeSH term combinations used were (silver diamine fluoride) AND (caries) AND (elderly)...
May 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910628/autoamputation-of-diabetic-toe-with-dry-gangrene-a-myth-or-a-fact
#5
REVIEW
Abdullah Al Wahbi
Diabetes is associated with various complications and reduced quality of life. Of the many complications, some are life-threatening. Among these, foot complications remain an important concern. The major foot complications include foot ulceration, cellulitis, abscess, wet gangrene, dry gangrene, and necrotizing fasciitis, with different pathophysiological concepts behind each of them. Gangrene occurs due to reduced blood supply in the body tissues that leads to necrosis. This condition may arise because of an injury, infection, or other health conditions, majorly diabetes...
2018: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910605/role-of-etelcalcetide-in-the-management-of-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-review-on-current-data-and-place-in-therapy
#6
REVIEW
Claudia Friedl, Emanuel Zitt
Secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT) is a frequently occurring severe complication of advanced kidney disease. Its clinical consequences include extraskeletal vascular and valvular calcifications, changes in bone metabolism resulting in renal osteodystrophy, and an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Calcimimetics are a cornerstone of parathyroid hormone (PTH)-lowering therapy, as confirmed by the recently updated 2017 Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes chronic kidney disease - mineral and bone disorder clinical practice guidelines...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910309/influence-of-concussion-history-and-genetics-on-event-related-potentials-in-athletes-potential-use-in-concussion-management
#7
REVIEW
Taylor Guth, Caroline J Ketcham, Eric E Hall
Sports-related concussions are an increasing public health issue with much concern about the possible long-term decrements in cognitive function and quality of life that may occur in athletes. The measurement of cognitive function is a common component of concussion management protocols due to cognitive impairments that occur after sustaining a concussion; however, the tools that are often used may not be sensitive enough to expose long term problems with cognitive function. The current paper is a brief review, which suggests that measuring cognitive processing through the use of event related potentials (ERPs) may provide a more sensitive assessment of cognitive function, as shown through recent research showing concussion history to influence ERPs components...
January 19, 2018: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909797/a-review-of-integrated-heart-failure-care
#8
Julie MacInnes, Liz Williams
AimThe aim of this integrative review is to determine the effectiveness of integrated heart failure (HF) care in terms of patient-, service- and resource-related outcomes, and to determine what model or characteristics of integrated care work best, for whom and in what contexts. BACKGROUND: Integration of health and social care services is a significant driver in the development of better and more cost-effective health and social care systems in Europe and developed countries. As high users of health and social care services, considerable attention has been paid to the care of people with long-term conditions...
June 18, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909238/autophagy-as-an-emerging-target-in-cardiorenal-metabolic-disease-from-pathophysiology-to-management
#9
REVIEW
Yingmei Zhang, Adam T Whaley-Connell, James R Sowers, Jun Ren
Although advances in medical technology and health care have improved the early diagnosis and management for cardiorenal metabolic disorders, the prevalence of obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and kidney disease remains high. Findings from numerous population-based studies, clinical trials, and experimental evidence have consolidated a number of theories for the pathogenesis of cardiorenal metabolic anomalies including resistance to the metabolic action of insulin, abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism, oxidative and nitrosative stress, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, apoptosis, mitochondrial damage, and inflammation...
June 15, 2018: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909057/study-design-and-protocol-for-a-culturally-adapted-cognitive-behavioral-stress-and-self-management-intervention-for-localized-prostate-cancer-the-encuentros-de-salud-study
#10
Frank J Penedo, Michael H Antoni, Patricia I Moreno, Lara Traeger, Dolores Perdomo, Jason Dahn, Gregory E Miller, Steve Cole, Julian Orjuela, Edgar Pizarro, Betina Yanez
Almost 2.8 million men in the U.S. are living with prostate cancer (PC), accounting for 40% of all male cancer survivors. Men diagnosed with prostate cancer may experience chronic and debilitating treatment side effects, including sexual and urinary dysfunction, pain and fatigue. Side effects can be stressful and can also lead to poor psychosocial functioning. Prior trials reveal that group-based cognitive behavioral stress and self-management (CBSM) is effective in reducing stress and mitigating some of these symptoms, yet little is known about the effects of culturally-translated CBSM among Spanish-speaking men with PC...
June 14, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908881/reimagine-health-care-leadership-challenges-and-opportunities-in-the-21st-century
#11
Esther Lee, JoAnn Daugherty, Thomas Hamelin
PURPOSE: This paper spotlights human capital management, digital technology, and costs control as issues that healthcare leaders will face in redesigning the health care ecosystem in the 21st century. DESIGN: The paper was designed to highlight the attributes that make effective leaders. It addresses how nursing leadership can take a lead to redesign the 21st Century health care system, supported by case examples. METHODS: An expansive literature review was done using MEDLINE, SAGE, Google Scholar, and University of California San Diego Library Catalogs...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908815/preweaned-heifer-management-on-us-dairy-operations-part-i-descriptive-characteristics-of-preweaned-heifer-raising-practices
#12
N J Urie, J E Lombard, C B Shivley, C A Kopral, A E Adams, T J Earleywine, J D Olson, F B Garry
The objective of this study was to describe preweaned dairy heifer calf management practices on dairy operations across the United States that were used to analyze factors associated with colostrum quality and passive transfer, Cryptosporidium and Giardia, morbidity and mortality, and average daily gain. This study included 104 dairy operations in 13 states that participated in the National Animal Health Monitoring System's Dairy 2014 calf component study. This 18-mo longitudinal study focused on dairy heifer calves from birth to weaning, and data were collected on 2,545 heifer calves...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908806/preweaned-heifer-management-on-us-dairy-operations-part-ii-factors-associated-with-colostrum-quality-and-passive-transfer-status-of-dairy-heifer-calves
#13
C B Shivley, J E Lombard, N J Urie, D M Haines, R Sargent, C A Kopral, T J Earleywine, J D Olson, F B Garry
Passive transfer of immunity is essential for the short- and long-term health of dairy calves. The objective of this study was to evaluate factors associated with colostrum quality and passive transfer status of US heifer calves. This study included 104 operations in 13 states that participated in the calf component of the National Animal Health Monitoring System's Dairy 2014 study. This 18-mo longitudinal study included 1,972 Holstein heifer calves from birth to weaning. Multivariable mixed linear regression models were selected using backward elimination model selection after univariate screening to determine which factors were associated with colostrum IgG and serum IgG concentrations...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908384/assessing-depression-severity-with-a-self-rated-vs-rater-administered-instrument-in-patients-with-epilepsy
#14
Shirin Jamal-Omidi, Christine Collins, Erin Fulchiero, Hongyan Liu, Kari Colon-Zimmermann, Edna Fuentes-Casiano, Curtis Tatsuoka, Kristin A Cassidy, Samden Lhatoo, Martha Sajatovic
RATIONALE: Up to 30-50% of individuals with epilepsy have depressive symptoms, which often complicate seizure management and reduce overall quality of life. To identify and manage depressive symptoms appropriately, clinicians need standardized instruments that can accurately identify and monitor those with clinically significant depression. The self-reported 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) has been used relatively widely to screen and monitor depression in epilepsy. The rater-administered Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) is a rater-administered instrument widely used in depression treatment trials but less widely applied in epilepsy...
June 13, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908005/evaluation-of-the-who-laboratory-quality-stepwise-implementation-tool
#15
T A M Datema, K G Roper, S Cognat, M D Saad, L Oskam, V Dolmazon, M F M Engelberts, P Hessels, P R Klatser
OBJECTIVES: To introduce the Laboratory Quality Stepwise Implementation (LQSI) tool and provide data about its roll-out, usage and effectiveness in assisting laboratories with quality improvement. METHODS: The LQSI tool, a freely available stepwise guide, was developed by WHO to assist laboratories in efficiently implementing a quality management system. RESULTS: Since the tool's launch in 2014, it has been accessed by 116,431 unique users from 195 of 206 listed states...
June 15, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907335/trial-protocol-the-use-of-mindfulness-based-intervention-for-improving-bracing-compliance-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Benjamin Hon Kei Yip, Xue Li, Christine Hiu Yan Leung, Ting Gao, Vincent Chi Ho Chung, Fiona Wai Ping Yu, Tsz Ping Lam, Jack Chun Yiu Cheng, Samuel Yeung Shan Wong
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most prevalent deforming orthopaedic condition; it causes significant disability when spinal curves progress beyond 45deg. Bracing is the primary treatment prescribed for adolescents with an immature skeleton who have spinal curves between 25 and 45deg. New evidence suggests that compliance with bracing significantly decreases the progression of high-risk curves to the threshold for surgery. Nonetheless, bracing is a stressful experience...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907323/taking-the-measure-of-the-profession-physician-associations-in-the-measurement-age
#17
REVIEW
Baruch Levi, Amos Zehavi, David Chinitz
Systematic measurement of healthcare services enables evaluation of health professionals' quality of work. Whereas policy makers find measurement a useful mechanism for quality improvement, a public choice perspective implies that physicians would resent such an initiative, which undermines their professional autonomy. In this article, we compare two healthcare systems of economically developed countries - Israel and the UK. Both systems share common features such as universal coverage, strong state intervention, and enthusiasm for New Public Management...
June 8, 2018: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905861/evaluation-of-a-mobile-approach-to-gender-based-violence-service-delivery-among-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon
#18
Pamela Lilleston, Liliane Winograd, Spogmay Ahmed, Dounia Salamé, Dayana Al Alam, Kirsten Stoebenau, Ilaria Michelis, Sunita Palekar Joergensen
As the landscape of humanitarian response shifts from camp-based to urban- and informal-tented settlement-based responses, service providers and policymakers must consider creative modes for delivering health services. Psychosocial support and case management can be life-saving services for refugee women and girls who are at increased risk for physical, sexual and psychological gender-based violence (GBV). However, these services are often unavailable in non-camp refugee settings. We evaluated an innovative mobile service delivery model for GBV response and mitigation implemented by the International Rescue Committee (IRC) in Lebanon...
June 13, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905856/effective-factors-in-implementation-and-development-of-health-promoting-hospitals-a-systematic-review
#19
Maryam Yaghoubi, Mazyar Karamali, Mohammadkarim Bahadori
One of the requirements for the implementation of Health Promoting Hospitals (HPHs) is comprehensive integration of health promotion (HP) activities and programs in hospital quality management system. Therefore, this systematic review was conducted utilizing a comprehensive European Foundation for Quality Managment (EFQM) model to determine appropriate criteria for the implementation and development of HPH. This systematic review considered the published literature on factors affecting the implementation and development of HPH during 1997-2016...
June 13, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905766/adherence-to-geriatric-assessment-based-recommendations-in-older-patients-with-cancer-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study-in-belgium
#20
C Kenis, L Decoster, J Flamaing, P R Debruyne, I De Groof, C Focan, F Cornelis, V Verschaeve, C Bachmann, D Bron, S Luce, G Debugne, H Van den Bulck, J-C Goeminne, D Schrijvers, K Geboers, B Petit, C Langenaeken, R Van Rijswijk, P Specenier, G Jerusalem, J-P Praet, K Vandenborre, J-P Lobelle, M Lycke, K Milisen, H Wildiers
Background: In the general older population, geriatric assessment (GA)-guided treatment plans can improve overall survival, quality of life and functional status (FS). In GA-related research in geriatric oncology, studies mainly focused on geriatric screening and GA but not on geriatric recommendations, interventions and follow-up. The aim of this study was to investigate the adherence to geriatric recommendations and subsequent actions undertaken in older patients with cancer. Patient and methods: A prospective Belgian multicenter (N=22) cohort study included patients ≥70 years with a malignant tumor upon oncologic treatment decision...
June 14, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
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