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Human serum albumin

Yanying Wang, Xiangyang Yu, Xiaoxue Ye, Kangbing Wu, Tsunghsueh Wu, Chunya Li
Gold nanorods (AuNRs) integrated with ZnCdHgSe near-infrared quantum dots (AuNRs-ZnCdHgSe QDs) were successfully synthesized and characterized by transmission electron microscope, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. A glassy carbon electrode was decorated with the aforementioned AuNRs-ZnCdHgSe QDs nanocomposite, which provides a biocompatible interface for the subsequent immobilization of prostate specific antibody (anti-PSA). After being successively treated with glutaraldehyde vapor and bovine serum albumin solution, a photoelectrochemical immunosensing platform based on anti-PSA/AuNRs-ZnCdHgSe QDs/GCE was established...
November 2, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
Bin Tang, Yanmei Huang, Hongqin Yang, Peixiao Tang, Hui Li
As a natural dietary polyphenol, 3,4,5-tri-O-caffeoylquinic acid (3,4,5-triCQA) exhibits numerous stronger pharmacological activities than that of its analogues. Studies on interaction between 3,4,5-triCQA and protein are very helpful for understanding the mechanism of these enhanced biological functions. In this study, (1)H saturation transfer difference NMR ((1)H STD-NMR) combined with multi-spectroscopy were used to probe the interaction of 3,4,5-triCQA with human serum albumin (HSA). Both qualitative and quantitative (1)H STD-NMR indicated that 3,4,5-triCQA can specifically bind to HSA at the favored Sudlow's site II with caffeoyl groups as the main recognizable moiety...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Girish G Ariga, Praveen N Naik, Sharanappa T Nandibewoor, Shivamurti A Chimatadar
The goal of this study was to investigate the interactions between meclizine (MEC) and human serum albumin (HSA) under physiological conditions by different spectroscopies and molecular modeling technique. The drug, MEC quenched the intrinsic fluorescence of HSA and the analysis of the results revealed that static quenching mechanism. The binding of MEC quenches the HSA fluorescence; stoichiometry was 1:1 interaction. Thermodynamic quantities were calculated at different temperatures suggested that hydrophobic and van der Waals interaction with HSA-MEC...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
Parvin Akbarzadehlaleh, Mona Mirzaei, Mahdiyeh Mashahdi-Keshtiban, Karim Shamsasenjan, Hamidreza Heydari
Human serum albumin (HSA) is a non-glycosylated, negatively charged protein (Mw: about 65-kDa) that has one free cystein residue (Cys 34), and 17 disulfide bridges that these bridges have main role in its stability and longer biological life-time (15 to 19 days). As HSA is a multifunctional protein, it can also bind to other molecules and ions in addition to its role in maintaining colloidal osmotic pressure (COP) in various diseases. In critical illnesses changes in the level of albumin between the intravascular and extravascular compartments and the decrease in its serum concentration need to be compensated using exogenous albumin; but as the size of HSA is an important parameter in retention within the circulation, therefore increasing its molecular size and hydrodynamic radius of HSA by covalent attachment of poly ethylene glycol (PEG), that is known as PEGylation, provides HSA as a superior volume expander that not only can prevent the interstitial edema but also can reduce the infusion frequency...
September 2016: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Qing Wang, Yongkui Zhang, Hui Li
Octyl gallate (OG) is an internationally recognized antioxidant that demonstrates selective and sensitive fluorescent property. The fluorescence of OG can be selectively enhanced in the presence of human serum albumin (HSA) and bovine serum albumin (BSA). The specific structures of HSA and BSA provided the basic conditions for fluorescence enhancement. OG yielded approximately 49- and 11-fold increments in emission intensity in the presence of HSA and BSA at a molar ratio of 1:1, respectively. The lifetimes of HSA and BSA correspondingly decreased...
March 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Greg Tsang, Michael B Insel, Justin M Weis, Mary Anne M Morgan, Michael S Gough, Lauren M Frasier, Cynthia M Mack, Kathleen P Doolin, Brian T Graves, Michael J Apostolakos, Anthony P Pietropaoli
BACKGROUND: Experimental studies demonstrate beneficial immunological and hemodynamic effects of estradiol in animal models of sepsis. This raises the question whether estradiol contributes to sex differences in the incidence and outcomes of sepsis in humans. Yet, total estradiol levels are elevated in sepsis patients, particularly nonsurvivors. Bioavailable estradiol concentrations have not previously been reported in septic patients. The bioavailable estradiol concentration accounts for aberrations in estradiol carrier protein concentrations that could produce discrepancies between total and bioavailable estradiol levels...
October 21, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Urszula K Komarnicka, Radosław Starosta, Agnieszka Kyzioł, Michał Płotek, Małgorzata Puchalska, Małgorzata Jeżowska-Bojczuk
In this paper we present lomefloxacin's (HLm, 2nd generation fluoroquinolone antibiotic agent) organic and inorganic derivatives: aminomethyl(diphenyl)phosphine (PLm), its oxide as well as new copper(I) iodide or copper(I) thiocyanate complexes with PLm and 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline (dmp) or 2,2'-biquinoline (bq) as the auxiliary ligands. The synthesized compounds were fully characterised by NMR, UV-Vis and luminescence spectroscopies. Selected structures were analysed by theoretical DFT (density functional theory) methods...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Michael S Zhang, Jon C D Houtman
Glycerol monolaurate (GML) is a monoglyceride with well characterized anti-microbial properties. Because of these properties, GML is widely used in food, cosmetics, and personal care products and currently being tested as a therapeutic for menstrual associated toxic shock syndrome, superficial wound infections, and HIV transmission. Recently, we have described that GML potently suppresses select T cell receptor (TCR)-induced signaling events, leading to reduced human T cell effector functions. However, how soluble host factors present in the blood and at sites of infection affect GML-mediated human T cell suppression is unknown...
2016: PloS One
Xiang Lin, Qing Wang, Xilin Peng, Hui Li
Metandienone (MET) is an exogenous anabolic androgenic steroid. The interaction between MET and human serum albumin (HSA) was investigated by molecular modeling and different optical techniques. There was no possibility of energy transfer, and the fluorescence quenching of HSA induced by MET was mainly due to the complex formation. The differences of binding ability between MET and compounds 1-5 were significantly caused by space steric hindrance. The single crystallographic data of two steroids (compounds 4 and 5) were obtained in the methanol at the first time...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Xinlei Song, Shu Zhang, Yanna Cheng, Ting Zhao, Qianqian Lian, Lu Lu, Fengshan Wang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the resuscitative efficacy and the effect on reperfusion injury of two site-specific PEGylated human serum albumins modified with linear or branched PEG20kDa, compared with saline, 8% human serum albumin and 25% human serum albumin, in a hemorrhagic shock model. SETTING: Laboratory. SUBJECTS: Male Wistar rats. DESIGN: Prospective study. INTERVENTIONS: Rats were bled to hemorrhagic hypovolemic shock and resuscitated with different resuscitation fluids...
November 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Aditi A Sidhaye, Kanchan C Bhuran, Sneha Zambare, Munna Abubaker, Niroshini Nirmalan, Kamalinder K Singh
AIM: The intra-erythrocytic development of the malarial parasite is dependent on active uptake of nutrients, including human serum albumin (HSA), into parasitized red blood cells (pRBCs). We have designed HSA-based nanoparticles as a potential drug-delivery option for antimalarials. METHODS: Artemether-loaded nanoparticles (AANs) were designed and antimalarial activity evaluated in vitro/in vivo using Plasmodium falciparum/Plasmodium berghei species, respectively...
October 19, 2016: Nanomedicine
Yi Wang, Meiqing Zhu, Feng Liu, Xiangwei Wu, Dandan Pan, Jia Liu, Shisuo Fan, Zhen Wang, Jun Tang, Risong Na, Qing X Li, Rimao Hua, Shangzhong Liu
In the present study, 3-(fluorobenzylideneamino)-6-chloro-1-(3,3-dimethylbutanoyl)-phenyl-2,3-dihydroquinazolin-4(1H)-one (FDQL) derivatives have been designed and synthesized to study the interaction between fluorine substituted dihydroquinazoline derivatives with human serum albumin (HSA) using fluorescence, circular dichroism and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The results indicated that the FDQL could bind to HSA, induce conformation and the secondary structure changes of HSA, and quench the intrinsic fluorescence of HSA through a static quenching mechanism...
October 14, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Ruta Grinyte, Javier Barroso, Marco Möller, Laura Saa, Valeri Pavlov
Electrochemical detection strategies employing semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) open up new opportunities for highly sensitive detection of biological targets. We designed new a assay based on microbead linked enzymatic generation of CdS QDs (Microbead QD-ELISA) and employed it in optical and electrochemical affinity assays for the cancer biomarker superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2). Biotinylated antibodies against SOD2 were immobilized on the surface of polyvinyl chloride microbeads bearing streptavidin. In order to prevent any non specific adsorption the microbeads were further blocked with bovine serum albumin...
October 18, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Patrícia Manuela Ribeiro Pereira, Sandrina Silva, Mafalda Bispo, Mónica da Rocha Zuzarte, Célia Gomes, Henrique Girão, José A S Cavaleiro, Carlos A Fontes Ribeiro, Joao P C Tome, Rosa Fernandes
Here we report the rational design of a new third-generation photosensitizer (PS), a chlorin conjugated with galactodendritic units, ChlGal8, to improve the effectiveness of bladder cancer treatment. ChlGal8 shows better photo-chemical and -physical properties than a recently reported homologous porphyrin, PorGal8. In addition to inheriting excellent photostability, ability to generate singlet oxygen and to interact with the proteins galectin-1 and human serum albumin (HSA), ChlGal8 exhibits high absorption in the red region of the electromagnetic spectrum...
October 17, 2016: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Delphine Vincent, Aaron Elkins, Mark R Condina, Vilnis Ezernieks, Simone Rochfort
Cow's milk is an important source of proteins in human nutrition. On average, cow's milk contains 3.5% protein. The most abundant proteins in bovine milk are caseins and some of the whey proteins, namely beta-lactoglobulin, alpha-lactalbumin, and serum albumin. A number of allelic variants and post-translationally modified forms of these proteins have been identified. Their occurrence varies with breed, individuality, stage of lactation, and health and nutritional status of the animal. It is therefore essential to have reliable methods of detection and quantitation of these proteins...
2016: PloS One
Guangming Gong, Wenya Liu, Shudong Wang
This study aimed to reduce the cytotoxicity and improve the targeting of aclacinomycin (ACM) by covalently coupling it with amino-oxyacetic acid (AOA) to generate an active intermediate, AOA-ACM. AOA-ACM was conjugated with self-assembled human serum albumin (HSA) nanoparticles constructed using tris(2-carboxyethyl)phosphine (TCEP) as disulfide bond breaking molecules in an 'opening stage-intermediate-closing stage' route, in which the hydrophobic interaction, interchange of sulfhydryl and hydrogen bond may be the key factors in the assembling process...
October 17, 2016: Nanotechnology
Naser Amini, Nasim Vousooghi, Mansoureh Soleimani, Ali Samadikuchaksaraei, Mehdi Akbari, Hosein Safakheil, Pezhman Atafimanesh, Ali Shahbazi, Peiman Brouki Milan, Sara Ramezani, Masoud Mozafari, Mohammad Taghi Joghataei
INTRODUCTION: Hemolytic kernicterus, an indirect bilirubin-induced brain dysfunction, is associated with hyper-bilirubinemia in mammalian neonates. In this study, a new model of kernicterus has been developed using intra-peritoneal injections of phenyl hydrazine and subcutaneous injections of sulfisoxazole. These drugs can potentially induce kernicterus in neonatal through changes in hemolysis and hypo-albumin. METHODS: For this purpose, 7-day-old male Wistar rats (n=72; mean weight 11±1 g) were used...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
Jae Dong Kim, Youn Jae Jung, Chang Hee Woo, Young Chan Choi, Ji Suk Choi, Yong Woo Cho
Self-assembled nanoparticles based on PEGylated human α-elastin were prepared as a potential vehicle for sustained protein delivery. The α-elastin was extracted from human adipose tissue and modified with methoxypolyethyleneglycol (mPEG) to control particle size and enhance the colloidal stability. The PEGylated human α-elastin showed sol-to-particle transition with a lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of 25°C-40°C in aqueous media. The PEGylated human α-elastin nanoparticles (PhENPs) showed a narrow size distribution with an average diameter of 330±33nm and were able to encapsulate significant amounts of insulin and bovine serum albumin (BSA) upon simple mixing at low temperature in water and subsequent heating to physiological temperature...
October 7, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Prinka Singla, Vijay Luxami, Raja Singh, Vibha Tandon, Kamaldeep Paul
A series of new pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine possessing 4-(1H-benzimidazol-2-yl)-phenylamine moiety at C4 position and primary as well as secondary amines at C6 position has been designed and synthesized. Their antitumor activities were evaluated against a panel of 60 human cancer cell lines at National Cancer Institute (NCI). Six compounds displayed potent and broad spectrum anticancer activities at 10 μM. Compounds 8, 12, 14 and 17 proved to be the most active and efficacious candidate in this series, with mean GI50 values of 1...
September 29, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Mohammad Rehan Ajmal, Tajalli Ilm Chandel, Parvez Alam, Nida Zaidi, Masihuz Zaman, Saima Nusrat, Mohsin Vahid Khan, Mohammad Khursheed Siddiqi, Yasser E Shahein, Mohamed H Mahmoud, Gamal Badr, Rizwan Hasan Khan
Studying amyloid associated neurodegenerative diseases is an active area of research. Cure for these diseases are still to be discovered. In the present study we have performed comprehensive biophysical and computational experiments showing levodopa not only significantly inhibits heat induced fibrillization of human serum albumin but also disaggregates preformed fibrils. Thioflavin T (ThT) binding assay was used to monitor the fibrillation process of human serum albumin (HSA) at 65°C in the presence and absence of levodopa...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
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