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Human serum albumin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778043/investigation-of-interactions-of-comtan-with-human-serum-albumin-by-mathematically-modeled-voltammetric-data-a-study-from-bio-interaction-to-biosensing
#1
Ali R Jalalvand, Sirous Ghobadi, Hector C Goicoechea, Hui-Wen Gu, Esmael Sanchooli
In this work, voltammetric data recorded at a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) were separately used to investigate the interactions of entacapone (Comtan, CAT) with human serum albumin (HSA). Then, an augmented data matrix was constructed by the combination of voltammetric and spectroscopic data and simultaneously analysed by multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares (MCR-ALS) to obtain more information about CAT-HSA interactions. The absence of rotational ambiguities in results obtained by MCR-ALS was verified with the help of MCR-BANDS and we confirmed that the results were unambiguous and reliable...
May 16, 2018: Bioelectrochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777941/characterization-of-the-binding-of-a-novel-antitumor-drug-ibrutinib-with-human-serum-albumin-insights-from-spectroscopic-calorimetric-and-docking-studies
#2
Bin Tang, Peixiao Tang, Jiawei He, Hongqin Yang, Hui Li
Ibrutinib (IBR) is a novel Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitor and shows good efficacy for several B-cell malignancies. In the current study, the molecular mechanism of the interaction between IBR and the transport protein human serum albumin (HSA) was ascertained by spectroscopic, calorimetric, and docking studies. Detailed investigations on affinity parameter, binding model, conformational change, and site selectivity were implemented by receptor-based and ligand-based analysis. An unusual fluorescence co-quenching (mutual quenching) was observed in the binding of IBR to HSA, followed by a static mechanism...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777928/binding-studies-of-triclocarban-with-bovine-serum-albumin-insights-from-multi-spectroscopy-and-molecular-modeling-methods
#3
Jiao Guan, Xin Yan, Yajing Zhao, Yinhe Sun, Xin Peng
The antimicrobial triclocarban (TCC) is frequently found in various personal care products (PCPs), and recent studies have demonstrated that it shows a high unintended biological activity on humans and wildlife. To evaluate the toxicity of TCC at the protein level, the effect of TCC on bovine serum albumin (BSA) has been investigated using various spectroscopic methods in combination with molecular modeling. Analysis of fluorescence quenching data of BSA revealed the formation of a ground state BSA-TCC complex with a binding constant of 2...
May 9, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777832/novel-cysteine-and-albumin-adduct-biomarkers-to-prove-human-poisoning-with-the-pesticide-oxydemeton-s-methyl
#4
Harald John, Markus Siegert, Florian Eyer, Franz Worek, Horst Thiermann, Andreas Kranawetvogl
We herein report on the forensic analysis of plasma samples to prove human poisoning with oxydemeton-S-methyl (ODM), S-(2-(ethylsulfinyl)ethyl)-O,O-dimethyl phosphorothioate. This organophosphorus pesticide is the active ingredient of Metasystox® , that was swallowed by a 77-year-old woman to commit suicide. ODM belongs to the class of dimethyl phosphoryl (DMP) pesticides, contains a 2-(ethylsulfinyl)ethanethiol (ESOET) leaving group and undergoes adduct formation with endogenous molecules as elaborated herein with human serum exposed to pesticides in vitro...
May 16, 2018: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772746/design-synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-benzimidazole-derived-biocompatible-copper-ii-and-zinc-ii-complexes-as-anticancer-chemotherapeutics
#5
Mohamed F AlAjmi, Afzal Hussain, Md Tabish Rehman, Azmat Ali Khan, Perwez Alam Shaikh, Rais Ahmad Khan
Herein, we have synthesized and characterized a new benzimidazole-derived "BnI" ligand and its copper(II) complex, [Cu(BnI)₂], 1 , and zinc(II) complex, [Zn(BnI)₂], 2 , using elemental analysis and various spectroscopic techniques. Interaction of complexes 1 and 2 with the biomolecules viz. HSA (human serum albumin) and DNA were studied using absorption titration, fluorescence techniques, and in silico molecular docking studies. The results exhibited the significant binding propensity of both complexes 1 and 2 , but complex 1 showed more avid binding to HSA and DNA...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772022/binding-of-sulphonylureas-to-plasma-proteins-a-katp-channel-perspective
#6
Peter Proks, Holger Kramer, Elizabeth Haythorne, Frances M Ashcroft
Sulphonylurea drugs stimulate insulin secretion from pancreatic β-cells primarily by inhibiting ATP sensitive potassium (KATP) channels in the β-cell membrane. The effective sulphonylurea concentration at its site of action is significantly attenuated by binding to serum albumin, which makes it difficult to compare in vitro and in vivo data. We therefore measured the ability of gliclazide and glibenclamide to inhibit KATP channels and stimulate insulin secretion in the presence of serum albumin. We used this data, together with estimates of free drug concentrations from binding studies, to predict the extent of sulphonylurea inhibition of KATP channels at therapeutic concentrations in vivo...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770145/-%C3%AE-carboline-silver-compound-binding-studies-with-human-serum-albumin-a-comprehensive-multispectroscopic-analysis-and-molecular-modeling-study
#7
Ali Alsalme, Rais Ahmad Khan, Arwa M Alkathiri, Mohd Sajid Ali, Sartaj Tabassum, Mohammed Jaafar, Hamad A Al-Lohedan
β -Carbolines ( β Cs) belong to the naturally occurring alkaloid family, derived from 9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole, also known as norharmane (Hnor). Knowing the importance of the β Cs alkaloid family in biological processes, a comprehensive binding study is reported of four Ag(I) compounds containing the ligand Hnor and having different counteranions, namely, NO3 - , ClO4 - , BF4 - , and PF6 - , with human serum albumin (HSA) as a model protein. Different approaches like UV-visible, fluorescence spectroscopy, circular dichroism (CD), and molecular docking studies have been used for this purpose...
2018: Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768878/nano-nets-covered-composite-nanofibers-with-enhanced-biocompatibility-and-mechanical-properties-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#8
Arjun Prasad Tiwari, Mahesh Kumar Joshi, Chan Hee Park, Cheol Sang Kim
Enhancing the biocompatibility profiles including cell attachment, growth, and viability and mechanical properties of designed synthetic scaffolds have an essential role in tissue engineering applications. Polymer blending is one of the most effective methods for providing new anticipated biomaterials for tissue scaffolds. Here, the blend solution of the different mass weight ratio of polycaprolactone (PCL) to human serum albumin (HSA) was subjected to fabricate nanocomposite spider-web-like membranes using electrospinning process...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763760/multispectroscopic-and-bioimaging-approach-for-the-interaction-of-rhodamine-6g-capped-gold-nanoparticles-with-bovine-serum-albumin
#9
N Manjubaashini, Mookkandi Palsamy Kesavan, Jegathalaprathaban Rajesh, T Daniel Thangadurai
Binding interaction of Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) with newly prepared rhodamine 6G-capped gold nanoparticles (Rh6G-Au NPs) under physiological conditions (pH 7.2) was investigated by a wide range of photophysical techniques. Rh6G-Au NPs caused the static quenching of the intrinsic fluorescence of BSA that resulted from the formation of ground-state complex between BSA and Rh6G-Au NPs. The binding constant from fluorescence quenching method (Ka  = 1.04 × 104  L mol-1 ; LoD = 14.0 μM) is in accordance with apparent association constant (Kapp  = 1...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763715/near-infrared-light-activated-red-emitting-upconverting-nanoplatform-for-t-1-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-photodynamic-therapy
#10
Xiang-Long Tang, Jun Wu, Ben-Lan Lin, Sheng Cui, Hong-Mei Liu, Ru-Tong Yu, Xiao-Dong Shen, Ting-Wei Wang, Wei Xia
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has increasingly become an efficient and attractive cancer treatment modality based on reactive oxygen species (ROS) that can induce tumor death after irradiation with ultraviolet or visible light. Herein, to overcome the limited tissue penetration in traditional PDT, a novel near-infrared (NIR) light-activated NaScF4 : 40% Yb, 2% Er@CaF2 upconversion nanoparticle (rUCNP) is successfully designed and synthesized. Chlorin e6, a photosensitizer and a chelating agent for Mn2+ , is loaded into human serum albumin (HSA) that further conjugates onto rUCNPs...
May 12, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761917/cationic-europium-complexes-for-visualizing-fluctuations-in-mitochondrial-atp-levels-in-living-cells
#11
Romain Mailhot, Thomas Traviss-Pollard, Robert Pal, Stephen Jonathan Butler
The ability to study cellular metabolism and enzymatic processes involving adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is impeded by the lack of imaging probes capable of signaling the concentration of intracellular ATP rapidly, with high sensitivity. We report the first example of a luminescent lanthanide complex capable of visualizing changes in the concentration of ATP in the mitochondria of living cells. Four cationic europium(III) complexes [Eu.1-4]+ have been synthesized and their binding affinities towards nucleoside polyphosphate anions examined at physiological pH...
May 15, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761173/liver-enriched-transcription-factor-expression-relates-to-chronic-hepatic-failure-in-humans
#12
Jorge Guzman-Lepe, Eduardo Cervantes-Alvarez, Alexandra Collin de l'Hortet, Yang Wang, Wendy M Mars, Yoshinao Oda, Yuki Bekki, Masahiro Shimokawa, Huanlin Wang, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Yoshihiko Maehara, Aaron Bell, Ira J Fox, Kazuki Takeishi, Alejandro Soto-Gutierrez
The mechanisms by which the liver fails in end-stage liver disease remain elusive. Disruption of the transcription factor network in hepatocytes has been suggested to mediate terminal liver failure in animals. However, this hypothesis remains unexplored in human subjects. To study the relevance of transcription factor expression in terminal stages of chronic liver failure in humans, we analyzed the expression of liver-enriched transcription factors (LETFs) hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)4α, HNF1α, forkhead box protein A2 (FOXA2), CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (CEBP)α, and CEBPβ...
May 2018: Hepatology Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759242/a-fluorescence-probe-acted-on-site-i-binding-for-human-serum-albumin
#13
Yuqing Xu, Meng Zhang, Boyan Li, Wen Wang, Baozhong Wang, Yushun Yang, Hailiang Zhu
A sensitive turn-on probe XYQ, has been developed for the monitoring of HSA species with highly selective and instantaneous response to real- urine sample and living cells imaging. Furthermore, the fluorescence probe acted on Site I and discrimination of HSA from BSA.
August 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759191/comparative-evaluation-of-seven-commercial-products-for-human-serum-enrichment-depletion-by-shotgun-proteomics
#14
Salvatore Pisanu, Grazia Biosa, Laura Carcangiu, Sergio Uzzau, Daniela Pagnozzi
Seven commercial products for human serum depletion/enrichment were tested and compared by shotgun proteomics. Methods were based on four different capturing agents: antibodies (Qproteome Albumin/IgG Depletion kit, ProteoPrep Immunoaffinity Albumin and IgG Depletion Kit, Top 2 Abundant Protein Depletion Spin Columns, and Top 12 Abundant Protein Depletion Spin Columns), specific ligands (Albumin/IgG Removal), mixture of antibodies and ligands (Albumin and IgG Depletion SpinTrap), and combinatorial peptide ligand libraries (ProteoMiner beads), respectively...
August 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758541/molecular-interaction-studies-of-some-co-iii-surfactants-with-the-transport-protein
#15
Gopalaswamy Vignesh, Marimuthu Parthiban, Rajendran Senthilkumar, Sankaralingam Arunachalam
The present work describes the synthesis and the molecular interaction of two single-chain Co(III)-coordinated surfactant complexes with a plasma protein, human serum albumin by using various biophysical and in silico techniques. The experimental data reveals that like ordinary classical surfactants, our metallosurfactants also have the tendency to associate themselves and form micelles at critical micelle concentration. The thermodynamic parameters (ΔH°, ΔS°, and ΔG°) derived from the experiment demonstrates that the alkyl chain length and the head group of the Co(III)-surfactant complexes played a vital role in the binding process...
May 8, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758511/quantitative-analysis-of-glycated-albumin-in-serum-based-on-atr-ftir-spectrum-combined-with-sipls-and-svm
#16
Yuanpeng Li, Fucui Li, Xinhao Yang, Liu Guo, Furong Huang, Zhenqiang Chen, Xingdan Chen, Shifu Zheng
A rapid quantitative analysis model for determining the glycated albumin (GA) content based on Attenuated total reflectance (ATR)-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) combining with linear SiPLS and nonlinear SVM has been developed. Firstly, the real GA content in human serum was determined by GA enzymatic method, meanwhile, the ATR-FTIR spectra of serum samples from the population of health examination were obtained. The spectral data of the whole spectra mid-infrared region (4000-600 cm-1 ) and GA's characteristic region (1800-800 cm-1 ) were used as the research object of quantitative analysis...
May 7, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755667/a-set-of-cancer-stem-cell-homing-peptides-associating-with-the-glycan-moieties-of-glycosphingolipids
#17
Yu-Hsiu Su, Tai-Yun Lin, Hung-Jen Liu, Chin-Kai Chuang
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are currently believed to be involved in tumor metastasis and relapse. And treatments against CSCs are well concerned issues. Peptides targeting to mouse and human CSCs were screened from an M13 phage display library. The first subset of cancer stem cell homing peptides (CSC HPs), CSC HP-1 to -12, were screened with mouse EMT6 breast cancer stem cells. Among them, CSC HP-1, CSC HP-3, CSC HP-8, CSC HP-9, and CSC HP-10 can bind to mouse CT26 colon CSCs; CSC HP-1, CSC HP-2, CSC HP-3, and CSC HP-8 can bind to mouse Hepa1-6 liver CSCs; as well as CSC HP-1, CSC HP-2, CSC HP-3, CSC HP-8, CSC HP-9, CSC HP-10, and CSC HP-11 can bind to human PANC-1 pancreatic CSCs...
April 17, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752079/gemcitabine-loaded-gold-nanospheres-mediated-by-albumin-for-enhanced-anti-tumor-activity-combining-with-ct-imaging
#18
Zhiming Wang, Lina Chen, Zhongyun Chu, Chusen Huang, Yuankui Huang, Nengqin Jia
Currently, the development of a more effective therapy approach overcoming the resistance to chemotherapy for lung cancer still faces great challenges and requires further investigation. Herein, we fabricated gemcitabine (Gem) loaded gold nanospheres mediated by bovine serum albumin (Au@BSA) for the efficient delivery of therapeutic agents into the human pulmonary carcinoma cells (A549) and simultaneous computed tomography (CT) imaging. These nanoparticles (Au@BSA) with an approximate diameter of 10 nm were single crystals and prepared through a protein-directed facile one-pot synthesis via the reduction of chloroauric acid (HAuCl4 ) utilizing bovine serum albumin (BSA) as the stabilizer...
August 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750854/luminescence-augmentation-in-photo-stable-copper-nanoclusters-through-the-formation-of-protein-corona-like-assemblies
#19
Saptarshi Mukherjee, Nirmal Kumar Das, Subhajit Chakraborty, Madhumita Mukherjee
In the present study, interactions of synthesized Copper Nanoclusters (CuNCs) with a model transport protein, Human Serum Albumin (HSA) have been systematically investigated by using various spectroscopic approaches. This interaction gives rise to the formation of a "protein-corona" like assemblies. The luminescence properties (both steady-state and time-resolved) have been enhanced due to gradual adsorption of the protein on the surface of the NCs. The associated thermodynamics and binding parameters have been estimated resorting to luminescent experimental techniques as well as ITC studies, which suggests that a monolayer coverage of CuNCs by HSA molecules and every NC is surrounded by (4±1) protein molecules...
May 11, 2018: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748624/cavitation-threshold-determination-and-rheological-parameters-estimation-of-albumin-stabilized-nanobubbles
#20
Maxime Lafond, Akiko Watanabe, Shin Yoshizawa, Shin-Ichiro Umemura, Katsuro Tachibana
Nanobubbles (NBs) are of high interest for ultrasound (US) imaging as contrast agents and therapy as cavitation nuclei. Because of their instability (Laplace pressure bubble catastrophe) and low sensitivity to US, reducing the size of commonly used microbubbles to submicron-size is not trivial. We introduce stabilized NBs in the 100-250-nm size range, manufactured by agitating human serum albumin and perfluoro-propane. These NBs were exposed to 3.34- and 5.39-MHz US, and their sensitivity to US was proven by detecting inertial cavitation...
May 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
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