Read by QxMD icon Read

Dc bead

Emelie Ahnfelt, Erik Sjögren, Per Hansson, Hans Lennernäs
The release rate of doxorubicin (DOX) from the drug-delivery system (DDS), DC Bead, was studied by 2 miniaturized in vitro methods: free-flowing and sample reservoir. The dependencies of the release mechanisms on in vitro system conditions were investigated experimentally and by theoretical modeling. An inverse relationship was found between release rates and bead size, most likely due to the greater total surface area. The release rates correlated positively with temperature, release medium volume, and buffer strength, although the release medium volume had larger effect than the buffer strength...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Emelie Ahnfelt, Erik Sjögren, Per Hansson, Hans Lennernäs
The release rate of doxorubicin (DOX) from the drug-delivery system (DDS), DC Bead, was studied by 2 miniaturized in vitro methods: free-flowing and sample reservoir. The dependencies of the release mechanisms on in vitro system conditions were investigated experimentally and by theoretical modeling. An inverse relationship was found between release rates and bead size, most likely due to the greater total surface area. The release rates correlated positively with temperature, release medium volume, and buffer strength, although the release medium volume had larger effect than the buffer strength...
November 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Song Chen, Lisha Lu, Weiqiang Wang, Ting Xue, Juan Yu, Zhina Sun, Chunxiao Zhao, Fang Liao
Objective To explore the mechanism modulating the function of dendritic cells (DCs) and promoting the T cell response by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Methods Splenic DCs were purified with anti-CD11c immunomagnetic beads. After DCs were stimulated with LPS, the expressions of co-stimulatory molecules CD80 and CD86 on the DCs were detected by flow cytometry. The protein levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin 4 (IL-4), IL-5, IL-6, IL-12p40, IL-12p70 and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in the culture supernatant were measured by ELISA...
September 2016: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
Dorothea Fischbacher, Marion Merle, Anja Liepert, Christine Grabrucker, Tanja Kroell, Andreas Kremser, Julia Dreyßig, Markus Freudenreich, Friedhelm Schuster, Arndt Borkhardt, Doris Kraemer, Claus-Henning Koehne, Hans-Jochem Kolb, Christoph Schmid, Helga Maria Schmetzer
To enlighten interactions between autologous, allogeneic or T-cells from patients after stem cell transplantation with leukaemia-derived-dendritic-cells containing dendritic cells or blast containing mononuclear cells (n = 21, respectively), we determined cytokine-concentrations (interleukin 2, 4, 6, 10, tumor-necrosis-factor-α, interferon-γ) in supernatants of mixed-lymphocyte-culture and in serum (n = 16) of 20 patients with acute myeloid leukaemia and three patients with myelodysplastic syndromes by cytometric-bead-assay...
September 7, 2016: Cell Communication & Adhesion
Tanya Swaine, Yiqing Tang, Pedro Garcia, Jasmine John, Laura J Waters, Andrew L Lewis
An improved method for evaluating drug release behaviour of drug-eluting embolization beads (DEBs) was developed utilizing an open-loop flow-through system, in which the beads were packed into an occlusive mass within the system and extracted with a flowing elution medium over time. Glass beads were introduced into the beads mass in order to ensure laminar flow, reduce dead volume and improve reproducibility by compensating for swelling phenomena. The effects of glass bead ratio, elution medium flow rate and ion concentration, DEB size and drug concentration and drug type (doxorubicin and irinotecan) were evaluated using DEB composed of a sulfonate-modified polyvinyl alcohol hydrogel (DC Bead™) as the test article...
October 10, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Afsar Raza Naqvi, Jezrom B Fordham, Salvador Nares
Phagocytosis commences with particle internalization and culminates with the activation of innate and adaptive immune responses. However, the role of miRNAs in phagocytosis remains largely unknown. In this study, we examined the role of miR-24, miR-30b and miR-142-3p in Ab Fc receptor (FcR)-mediated phagocytosis by macrophages (MΦ) and dendritic cells (DC). The expression of these miRNAs was reduced following phagocytosis of both IgG-opsonized beads and Escherichia coli, indicating their regulatory role in the process...
October 2016: Innate Immunity
Philippe L Pereira, Stephen Plotkin, Renee Yu, Allison Sutter, Yue Wu, Christof M Sommer, Gregory M Cruise
To compare the mechanical and chemical properties of three commercially available microspheres loaded with irinotecan. LifePearl (200 µm), DC Bead (100-300 µm), and Tandem (100 µm) microspheres were loaded with irinotecan. For loading, elution, and stability determinations, irinotecan concentrations were quantified using validated high-performance liquid chromatography methods. In-vitro elution was performed over 24 h using a USP 4 dissolution apparatus. Diameter measurements were performed using light microscopy...
October 2016: Anti-cancer Drugs
Thierry de Baere, Stephen Plotkin, Renee Yu, Allison Sutter, Yue Wu, Gregory M Cruise
PURPOSE: To compare in vitro properties of 4 drug-eluting embolic agents loaded with doxorubicin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: DC Bead (100-300 µm), LifePearl (200 µm), HepaSphere (30-60 µm), and Tandem (100 µm) microspheres were loaded with 40 mg/20 mL of doxorubicin per milliliter of microspheres. Loading, elution, diameter changes after loading, changes in the amount of doxorubicin loaded over 2 weeks in storage, and time in suspension were evaluated. RESULTS: All microspheres loaded > 99% doxorubicin within 1 hour...
September 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
C-Y Yu, H-Y Ou, C-C Weng, T-L Huang, T-Y Chen, L Leung-Chit, H-W Hsu, C-L Chen, Y-F Cheng
BACKGROUND: The majority of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients is diagnosed in late stages and therefore becomes ineligible for potentially curative treatment such as resection or liver transplantation. Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) with drug-eluting beads (DC beads, Biocompatibles, Farnham, United Kingdom) has been proven with less side effects and better efficacy than conventional TACE, especially among patients with poor liver function. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate outcomes of HCC patients who received TACE with DC beads, which resulted to eligibility for liver transplantation...
May 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Solana Alculumbre, Lucia Pattarini
Blood represents the most accessible source of human dendritic cells (DCs). We present here a method to isolate three DC subtypes, as identified until now, from peripheral blood: plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs), CD141(+) myeloid DCs, and CD1c(+) myeloid DCs. The method is based on the sequential depletion of non-DCs. First, depletion of granulocytes, erythrocytes, and platelets is obtained by blood centrifugation over a Ficoll gradient. Then, antibodies recognizing non-DCs, combined with magnetic beads, allow enrichment of DCs from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs)...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
David Vremec
Dendritic cells (DCs) form a complex network of cells that initiate and orchestrate immune responses against a vast array of pathogenic challenges. Developmentally and functionally distinct DC subtypes differentially regulate T-cell function. Importantly it is the ability of DC to capture and process antigen, whether from pathogens, vaccines, or self-components, and present it to naive T cells that is the key to their ability to initiate an immune response. Our typical isolation procedure for DC from murine spleen was designed to efficiently extract all DC subtypes, without bias and without alteration to their in vivo phenotype, and involves a short collagenase digestion of the tissue, followed by selection for cells of light density and finally negative selection for DC...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
Anne-Lise de Lastic, Maria Rodi, Athanasia Mouzaki
T cells play a pivotal role in controlling the immune response and have been the focus of extensive research. We studied the process of in vitro generation of antigen-specific T effector cells (Teffs) to assess the dynamics of antigen presentation and determine the best conditions for cell therapy. We used a peptidic construct consisting of combined HLA class I and II epitopes of the tumor antigen MAGE-3 as an antigen. Monocytes were isolated from healthy donors and were differentiated to dendritic cells (DCs) in vitro...
August 2016: Immunobiology
Alexander J Noll, Ying Yu, Yi Lasanajak, Geralyn Duska-McEwen, Rachael H Buck, David F Smith, Richard D Cummings
Human milk glycans (HMGs) are prebiotics, pathogen receptor decoys and regulators of host physiology and immune responses. Mechanistically, human lectins (glycan-binding proteins, hGBP) expressed by dendritic cells (DCs) are of major interest, as these cells directly contact HMGs. To explore such interactions, we screened many C-type lectins and sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectins (Siglecs) expressed by DCs for glycan binding on microarrays presenting over 200 HMGs. Unexpectedly, DC-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN) showed robust binding to many HMGs, whereas other C-type lectins failed to bind, and Siglec-5 and Siglec-9 showed weak binding to a few glycans...
May 15, 2016: Biochemical Journal
Daina Lim, Yuning Lu, Christopher E Rudd
While the cytoskeletal protein talin binds to the β-chain of LFA-1, the immune cell adaptor SKAP1 (SKAP-55) binds to the α-chain of the same integrin via RapL. Whereas calpain protease cleavage of talin is important for LFA-1 activation, it has been unclear whether SKAP1 can alter the function of talin or its associated adaptor RIAM in T-cells. In this paper, we report that Skap1-/- T-cells showed a reduction in the translocation of talin and RIAM to the contact interface of T-cells with antigenic beads or dendritic cells (DCs) presenting OVA peptide to OT-1 T-cells...
April 2016: Immunology Letters
Lisa Kappler, Jia Li, Hans-Ulrich Häring, Cora Weigert, Rainer Lehmann, Guowang Xu, Miriam Hoene
Subcellular lipidomics is a novel field of research that requires the careful combination of several pre-analytical and analytical steps. To define a reliable strategy for mitochondrial lipid profiling, we performed a systematic comparison of different mitochondria isolation procedures by western blot analyses and comprehensive high-resolution lipidomics. Using liver-derived HepG2 cells, we compared three common mitochondria isolation methods, differential centrifugation (DC), ultracentrifugation (UC) and a magnetic bead-assisted method (MACS)...
2016: Scientific Reports
Riccardo Lencioni, Josep M Llovet, Guohong Han, Won Young Tak, Jiamei Yang, Alfredo Guglielmi, Seung Woon Paik, Maria Reig, Do Young Kim, Gar-Yang Chau, Angelo Luca, Luis Ruiz del Arbol, Marie-Aude Leberre, Woody Niu, Kate Nicholson, Gerold Meinhardt, Jordi Bruix
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Transarterial chemoembolization with doxorubicin-eluting beads (DC Bead®; DEB-TACE) is effective in patients with Barcelona clinic liver cancer stage B hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The multikinase inhibitor sorafenib enhances overall survival (OS) and time-to-tumor progression (TTP) in patients with advanced HCC. This exploratory phase II trial tested the efficacy and safety of DEB-TACE plus sorafenib in patients with intermediate stage HCC. METHODS: Patients with intermediate stage multinodular HCC without macrovascular invasion (MVI) or extrahepatic spread (EHS) were randomized 1:1 to DEB-TACE (150 mg doxorubicin) plus sorafenib 400 mg twice daily or placebo...
May 2016: Journal of Hepatology
O S Sakr, S Berndt, G Carpentier, M Cuendet, O Jordan, G Borchard
Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is used to treat various types of hypervascular tumors such as hepatocellular carcinoma and renal cancer. However, embolization and blocking of blood vessels nourishing a tumor mass evokes an angiogenic response due to the secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), which results in the formation of new blood vessels and eventually limitation in therapeutic efficacy. The presented work investigates the feasibility of loading the clinically used embolic beads (DC Bead®) with Bevacizumab (BEV), an anti-VEGF antibody, and control its release kinetics via Layer-by-Layer (LbL) coating...
February 28, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Yukino Kimura, Yui Harada, Noriko Yasuda, Takefumi Ishidao, Seiichi Yusa, Keisuke Matsusaki, Yoshikazu Yonemitsu
For the production of tumor-specific vaccines, including dendritic cell (DC) vaccines, the tumor cells themselves are an ideal source. Floating tumor cells in the ascites fluid from patients with malignant ascites are a good candidate source, but it is not easy to obtain pure tumor cells from ascites because of various types of cell contamination as well as protein aggregates. We here report an effective method to recover pure tumor cells from malignant ascites. We used lavage fluid from 13 patients with malignant ascites who were treated with modified cell-free and concentrated ascites reinfusion therapy (KM-CART)...
2015: SpringerPlus
Andrew L Lewis, Matthew R Dreher, Vincent O'Byrne, David Grey, Marcus Caine, Anthony Dunn, Yiqing Tang, Brenda Hall, Kirk D Fowers, Carmen Gacchina Johnson, Karun V Sharma, Bradford J Wood
Clinical use of DC Bead™ loaded with doxorubicin (DEBDOX™) or irinotecan (DEBIRI™), for the treatment of primary and secondary tumours of the liver respectively, is showing great promise. Recently there has been a tendency to select smaller bead size ranges to treat tumours in an effort to allow more drug dose to be administered, improve tumoural penetration and resultant drug delivery and tumour coverage. Herein we describe the development and performance characterisation of a new DC Bead size range (DC BeadM1 (TM), 70-150 μm) capable of an increased bead delivery in the distal vasculature, corresponding to greater tumour coverage and drug dose delivered...
January 2016: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Carmen Gacchina Johnson, Yiqing Tang, Avi Beck, Matthew R Dreher, David L Woods, Ayele H Negussie, Danielle Donahue, Elliot B Levy, Sean L Willis, Andrew L Lewis, Bradford J Wood, Karun V Sharma
PURPOSE: To develop a simple method to produce radiopaque drug-eluting microspheres (drug-eluting beads [DEBs]) that could be incorporated into the current clinical transcatheter arterial chemoembolization workflow and evaluate their performance in vitro and in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An ethiodized oil (Lipiodol; Guerbet, Villepinte, France) and ethanol solution was added to a lyophilized 100-300 µm bead before loading with doxorubicin. These radiopaque drug-eluting beads (DEBs; Biocompatibles UK Ltd, Farnham, United Kingdom) were evaluated in vitro for x-ray attenuation, composition, size, drug loading and elution, and correlation between attenuation and doxorubicin concentration...
January 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"