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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161798/intrapartum-care-quality-indicators-a-literature-review
#1
Elisa Lazzaretto, Antonella Nespoli, Simona Fumagalli, Elisabetta Colciago, Sofia Perego, Anna Locatelli
BACKGROUND: Quality of care is increasingly recognized as a critical aspect of the maternal and newborn health, mainly with respect to care around labour and delivery and in the immediate postnatal period. The Aim of this Review is to identify the recommended intrapartum care indicators in order to measure the quality of Midwifery care. METHODS: A structured literature search was conducted in August 2017 incorporating English and Italian language studies from 1993 and onwards to identify published articles on quality standards of intrapartum care...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161751/the-jellyfish-sign-a-new-sonographic-cervical-marker-to%C3%A2-predict-maternal-morbidity-in-abnormally-invasive-placenta-previa
#2
Emma Bertucci, Filomena Giulia Sileo, Giovanni Grandi, Valentina Fenu, Carlotta Cani, Luciano Mancini, Ema Mataca, Fabio Facchinetti
Purpose To investigate the value of a new cervical sonographic sign, called the jellyfish sign (JS), for predicting the risk of maternal morbidity in cases of abnormally invasive placenta (AIP) previa totalis. Materials and Methods Retrospective evaluation of transvaginal (TV) and transabdominal (TA) scans performed in all singleton pregnancies with placenta previa totalis. JS, i. e. the absence of the normal linear demarcation between the placenta previa and the cervix, was evaluated by TV scans. The presence/severity of AIP and outcomes of maternal morbidity were related to this sign...
November 21, 2017: Ultraschall in der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161636/infant-hpa-axis-as-a-potential-mechanism-linking-maternal-mental-health-and-infant-telomere-length
#3
Benjamin W Nelson, Nicholas B Allen, Heidemarie Laurent
Maternal depression has been suggested to be an independent risk factor for both dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) functioning and shorter telomere length in offspring. In contrast, research suggests that individual differences in mindfulness may act as a protective factor against one's own telomere degradation. Currently, research has yet to investigate the association between longitudinal changes in maternal mental health (depressive symptoms and mindfulness) and salivary infant telomere length, and whether such changes might be mediated by alterations in infant cortisol response...
November 18, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161606/maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-adolescent-academic-attainment-testing-pathways-via-parenting-and-self-control
#4
Terry Ng-Knight, Katherine H Shelton, Norah Frederickson, I C McManus, Frances Rice
Maternal depression is associated with reduced academic attainment in children, however, it is not clear how this association comes about. Depressive symptoms are associated with impairment in social roles including parenting. Children's self-control is an important contributor to academic attainment and is influenced by parenting. We therefore hypothesised that impaired parenting and children's self-control may mediate links between maternal depression and children's academic attainment. Data were from a brief longitudinal study (3 waves) of UK children aged 11-12 years and their mothers...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161409/transfer-and-metabolism-of-cortisol-by-the-isolated-perfused-human-placenta
#5
Laura I Stirrat, Bram G Sengers, Jane E Norman, Natalie Z M Homer, Ruth Andrew, Rohan M Lewis, Rebecca M Reynolds
Context: Fetal overexposure to glucocorticoids in utero is associated with fetal growth restriction and is postulated to be a key mechanism linking suboptimal fetal growth with cardiovascular disease in later life. Objective: To develop a model to predict maternal-fetal glucocorticoid transfer. We hypothesised placental 11β-HSD2 would be the major rate-limiting step in maternal cortisol transfer to the fetus. Design: We used a deuterated cortisol tracer in the ex vivo placental perfusion model, in combination with computational modelling, to investigate the role of interconversion of cortisol and its inactive metabolite cortisone on transfer of cortisol from mother to fetus...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161380/anaemia-and-associated-factors-in-homeless-children-in-the-paris-region-the-enfams-survey
#6
Amandine Arnaud, Sandrine Lioret, Stéphanie Vandentorren, Yann Le Strat
Background: Food insecurity is a major concern in homeless population, however nutritional consequences remain poorly documented, especially for children. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of anaemia and to investigate the relation between both food insecurity and dietary intake to moderate-to-severe anaemia (MSA) in homeless sheltered children. Methods: In 2013, a cross-sectional survey was conducted on a random sample of 801 sheltered homeless families in the Paris region...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161229/sex-and-dose-specific-effects-of-maternal-bisphenol-a-exposure-on-pancreatic-islets-of-first-and-second-generation-adult-mice-offspring
#7
Amita Bansal, Cetewayo Rashid, Frances Xin, Changhong Li, Erzsebet Polyak, Anna Duemler, Tom van der Meer, Martha Stefaniak, Sana Wajid, Nicolai Doliba, Marisa S Bartolomei, Rebecca A Simmons
BACKGROUND: Exposure to the environmental endocrine disruptor bisphenol A (BPA) is ubiquitous and associated with the increased risk of diabetes and obesity. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. We recently demonstrated that perinatal BPA exposure is associated with higher body fat, impaired glucose tolerance, and reduced insulin secretion in first- (F1) and second-generation (F2) C57BL/6J male mice offspring. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the multigenerational effects of maternal bisphenol A exposure on mouse pancreatic islets...
September 27, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161221/from-freud-to-feminism-gendered-constructions-of-blame-across-theories-of-child-sexual-abuse
#8
Corry Azzopardi, Ramona Alaggia, Barbara Fallon
Most theories of child sexual abuse are, to some degree, gendered, with nonoffending mothers bearing the burden of blame, ideologically and legally, for the transgressions of predominantly male offenders. This article explores the social construction of blame for child sexual abuse via critical analyses of evolving theoretical perspectives on maternal culpability for the inception and maintenance of abuse dynamics. Drawing on selected conceptual and research knowledge that supports and refutes anecdotal claims, this synthesis of the literature culminates in the proposal of an evidence-informed, feminist-grounded, multitheoretical child sexual abuse framework that disrupts dominant mother-blaming discourse and guides socially just and ethically responsive policy, practice, and research...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161191/progress-on-maternal-health-care-in-vietnam-findings-from-vietnam-multiple-indicator-cluster-survey-2000-2006-2011-and-2014
#9
Nguyen Canh Chuong, Hoang Van Minh, Doan Thi Thuy Duong, Duong Minh Duc, Le Thi Anh Dao, Nguyen Duy Anh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160623/saddlebags-a-software-interface-for-submitting-full-length-hla-allele-sequences-to-the-embl-ena-nucleotide-database
#10
B M Matern, M Groeneweg, C E M Voorter, M G J Tilanus
Submission of full-length HLA allele sequences presents a unique challenge, both for high-throughput sequencing laboratories, and smaller diagnostic laboratories. HLA's extensive polymorphism means that accurate representation and annotation of allele sequence is of critical importance, and curators of nucleotide databases must establish submission formats to ensure high-quality data, and prevent ambiguities. The IPD-IMGT/HLA database is established as the standard repository for HLA sequences, and it is a major goal of the 17th International HLA and Immunogenetics Workshop to fill the IPD-IMGT/HLA database with full-length HLA sequences...
November 21, 2017: HLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160610/do-pregnancy-characteristics-contribute-to-rising-childhood-cancer-incidence-rates-in-the-united-states
#11
Rebecca D Kehm, Theresa L Osypuk, Jenny N Poynter, David M Vock, Logan G Spector
BACKGROUND: Since 1975, childhood cancer incidence rates have gradually increased in the United States; however, few studies have conducted analyses across time to unpack this temporal rise. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that increasing cancer incidence rates are due to secular trends in pregnancy characteristics that are established risk factors for childhood cancer incidence including older maternal age, higher birthweight, and lower birth order. We also considered temporal trends in sociodemographic characteristics including race/ethnicity and poverty...
November 21, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160490/care-management-and-nursing-governance-in-a-maternity-ward-grounded-theory
#12
Fernanda Hannah da Silva Copelli, Roberta Juliane Tono de Oliveira, José Luís Guedes Dos Santos, Aline Lima Pestana Magalhães, Vitória Regina Petters Gregório, Alacoque Lorenzini Erdmann
ETJECTIVE: To understand the care management strategies used by nurses in the governance of nursing practice in a maternity ward. METHOD: Qualitative study based on grounded theory conducted with 27 participants, partitioned into four sample groups. The data were collected through semi-structured interviews and analyzed through open, axial, and selective coding. RESULT: The care management strategies used by the nurses were: planning professional practice, leading the nursing team, search for scientific knowledge, and training inthe best practices in obstetric care...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160431/classification-of-deaths-in-women-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-acquired-immunodeficiency-syndrome-in-pregnancy-and-childbirth
#13
Manuella Coutinho Brayner, Sandra Valongueiro Alves
OBJECTIVE: To reclassify deaths of women infected with the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in pregnancy and childbirth in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil, from 2000 to 2010. METHODS: A descriptive exploratory study, developed from the following steps: translation to Portuguese of the item "HIV and aids" of the United Nations document "The WHO application of ICD-10 to deaths during pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium: DCI MM 2012"; development of a classification algorithm of deaths of women living with the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in pregnancy and childbirth; and reclassification of deaths by a group of experts...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160421/longitudinal-study-of-lung-function-in-pregnant-women-influence-of-parity-and-smoking
#14
Luciana Duzolina Manfré Pastro, Miriam Lemos, Frederico Leon Arrabal Fernandes, Silvia Regina Dias Médici Saldiva, Sandra Elisabete Vieira, Beatriz Mangueira Saraiva Romanholo, Paulo Hilário Nascimento Saldiva, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira Francisco
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate pulmonary function in the first and third trimesters of pregnancy and analyze the influence of parity and smoking on spirometry parameters. METHODS: This longitudinal prospective study included a cohort of 120 pregnant women. The inclusion criteria were as follows: singleton pregnancy, gestational age less than 13.86 weeks, and no preexisting maternal diseases. The exclusion criteria were as follows: change of address, abortion, and inadequate spirometry testing...
October 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160197/isolation-and-molecular-characterization-of-group-b-streptococcus-from-laboratory-long-evans-rats-rattus-norvegicus-with-and-without-invasive-group-b-streptococcal-disease
#15
Caroline Bodi Winn, Vasudevan Bakthavatchalu, Michael Y Esmail, Yan Feng, JoAnn Dzink-Fox, Lauren Richey, Scott E Perkins, Eric K Nordberg, James G Fox
PURPOSE: Group B Streptococcus (S. agalactiae, GBS) is a Gram-positive opportunistic pathogen that inhabits the respiratory, urogenital and gastrointestinal tracts of humans and animals. Maternal colonization of GBS is a risk factor for a spectrum of clinical diseases in humans and a principle cause of neonatal meningitis and septicaemia. METHODOLOGY: We describe polymicrobial sepsis including GBS in two gravid adult female Long-Evans rats experiencing acute mortality from a colony of long-term breeding pairs...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160193/fertility-transition-in-sri-lanka-is-it-a-temporary-phenomenon
#16
E L Sunethra J Perera
This paper examines the fertility transition and its recent dynamics in Sri Lanka using data from Demographic and Health Surveys and Population Censuses. Fertility trends and patterns were analysed for two periods: 1953-2000 and 2000-2012. The findings revealed that Sri Lanka's fertility transition has been relatively rapid and has taken place over a period of about four decades to reach replacement level. Social and health-related factors, including decline in maternal and infant mortality, increase in women's education, changes in institutions, reproductive values and behaviour, and increased contraceptive use all contributed to bringing down the fertility level by 2000...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160184/awareness-use-and-information-sources-of-folic-acid-supplementation-to-prevent-neural-tube-defects-in-pregnant-japanese-women
#17
Shumi Yamamoto, Yoshinao Wada
OBJECTIVE: Folic acid supplementation and folate-rich diets are recommended for women of childbearing age worldwide to prevent congenital anomalies. We aimed to determine the current status of folic acid supplementation among pregnant Japanese women and identify means to increase the intake of these supplements. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: A total of 1862 pregnant women who consulted the perinatal centre from September 2014 to December 2015 completed a questionnaire concerning knowledge about folic acid, sources of information and the use of folic acid supplements...
November 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160132/active-h3k27me3-demethylation-by-kdm6b-is-required-for-normal-development-of-bovine-preimplantation-embryos
#18
Nhi Chung, Yanina S Bogliotti, Wei Ding, Marcela Vilarino, Kazuki Takahashi, James L Chitwood, Richard M Schultz, Pablo J Ross
The substantial epigenetic remodeling that occurs during early stages of mammalian embryonic development likely contributes to reprogramming the parental genomes from a differentiated to a totipotent state and activation of the embryonic genome. Trimethylation of lysine 27 of histone 3 (H3K27me3) is a repressive mark that undergoes global dynamic changes during preimplantation development of several species. To ascertain the role of H3K27me3 in bovine preimplantation development we perturbed the activity of KDM6B, which demethylates H3K27me3...
November 21, 2017: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160115/linking-participatory-action-research-on-health-systems-to-justice-in-global-health-a-case-study-of-the-maternal-and-neonatal-implementation-for-equitable-health-systems-project-in-rural-uganda
#19
Bridget Pratt, Adnan A Hyder
An ethical framework called "research for health justice" provides initial guidance on how to link health systems research in low- and middle-income countries to health equity. To further develop the largely conceptual framework, we tested its guidance against the experience of the Maternal and Neonatal Implementation for Equitable Health Systems (Manifest) project, which was performed in rural Uganda by researchers from Makerere University. We conducted 21 in-depth interviews with investigators and research implementers, directly observed study sites, and reviewed study-related documents...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160041/associations-between-observed-temperament-in-preschoolers-and-parent-psychopathology
#20
Katie R Kryski, Thomas M Olino, Margaret W Dyson, C Emily Durbin, Daniel N Klein, Elizabeth P Hayden
Parent history of psychopathology is an established marker of children's own risk for later disorder and can therefore be used as a means of validating other risks, such as child temperament. While associations between children's temperament and parent psychopathology have been reported, few studies have used observational measures of child temperament or examined trait interactions, particularly between children's affective and regulatory traits such as effortful control (EC). In this bottom-up family study of 968 three-year-olds and their parents, we examined interactions between preschoolers' observed positive and negative affectivity (NA) and EC as predictors of a known marker of psychopathology risk: parent history of disorder...
November 21, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
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