keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Maternity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239993/maternal-betaine-supplementation-in-rats-induces-intergenerational-changes-in-hepatic-igf-1-expression-and-dna-methylation
#1
Nannan Zhao, Shu Yang, Yun Hu, Haibo Dong, Ruqian Zhao
SCOPE: Betaine is widely used in animal nutrition to promote growth. Here we aimed to investigate whether maternal betaine supplementation during pregnancy can exert multigenerational effects on growth across two generations and the possible epigenetic modifications associated to such effects. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, 3-month-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were fed diet supplemented with 1% betaine throughout the pregnancy and lactation. Betaine-supplemented dams produced bigger litter but smaller F1 pups at birth and weaning...
February 26, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239855/immune-priming-specificity-within-and-across-generations-reveals-the-range-of-pathogens-affecting-evolution-of-immunity-in-an-insect
#2
Julien Dhinaut, Manon Chogne, Yannick Moret
1.Many organisms can improve their immune response as a function of their immunological experience or that of their parents. This phenomenon, called immune priming, has likely evolved from repetitive challenges by the same pathogens during the host lifetime or across generation. 2.All pathogens may not expose host to the same probability of re-infection and immune priming is expected to evolve from pathogens exposing the host to the greatest probability of re-infection. Under this hypothesis, the priming response to these pathogens should be specifically more efficient and less costly than to others...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239630/from-attachment-to-independence-stress-hormone-control-of-ecologically-relevant-emergence-of-infants-responses-to-threat
#3
Adrienne Santiago, Chiye Aoki, Regina M Sullivan
Young infant rat pups learn to approach cues associated with pain rather than learning amygdala-dependent fear. This approach response is considered caregiver-seeking and ecologically relevant within the context of attachment. With maturation, increases in the stress hormone corticosterone permit amygdala-dependent fear, which is crucial for survival during independent living. During the developmental transition from attachment to fear learning, maternal presence suppresses corticosterone elevation to block amygdala-dependent fear learning and re-engage the attachment circuitry...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239604/predictors-of-antenatal-care-skilled-birth-attendance-and-postnatal-care-utilization-among-the-remote-and-poorest-rural-communities-of-zambia-a-multilevel-analysis
#4
Choolwe Jacobs, Mosa Moshabela, Sitali Maswenyeho, Nildah Lambo, Charles Michelo
OBJECTIVE: Optimal utilization of maternal health-care services is associated with reduction of mortality and morbidity for both mothers and their neonates. However, deficiencies and disparity in the use of key maternal health services within most developing countries still persist. We examined patterns and predictors associated with the utilization of specific indicators for maternal health services among mothers living in the poorest and remote district populations of Zambia. METHODS: A cross-sectional baseline household survey was conducted in May 2012...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239569/the-effect-of-mode-of-delivery-and-hospital-type-on-newborn-hearing-screening-results-using-otoacoustic-emissions-based-on-screening-age
#5
Farhad Farahani, Morteza Hamidi Nahrani, Mohammad Ali Seifrabiei, Maryam Emadi
It is well known that false positive on newborn hearing screening increases cost and maternal anxiety and worry. We aimed to evaluate the influence of mode of delivery (cesarean, vaginal) and hospital type (private, public) on false positives first screening test based on screening age. Identification and control of these factors can reduce the rate of false positives. Overall, 2784 infants were evaluated by otoacoustic emissions test. Hearing screening test was performed before hospital discharge. Finally, rate of the false-positive between both delivery group and hospital types were compared on the basis of screening age...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239403/lipid-overload-during-gestation-and-lactation-can-independently-alter-lipid-homeostasis-in-offspring-and-promote-metabolic-impairment-after-new-challenge-to-high-fat-diet
#6
Laís Angélica de Paula Simino, Thaís de Fante, Marina Figueiredo Fontana, Fernanda Oliveira Borges, Márcio Alberto Torsoni, Marciane Milanski, Lício Augusto Velloso, Adriana Souza Torsoni
BACKGROUND: Nutritional status in early life is critically involved in the metabolic phenotype of offspring. However the changes triggered by maternal consumption of high-fat diet (HFD) in pre- or postnatal period should be better understood. Here we evaluated whether maternal HFD consumption during gestation and lactation could differently affect liver miR-122 and miR-370 expression leading to metabolic damages observed in offspring. Moreover, we investigate whether early overnutrition program offspring to more harmful response to HFD in later life...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239365/characterizing-early-maternal-style-in-a-population-of-guide-dogs
#7
Emily E Bray, Mary D Sammel, Dorothy L Cheney, James A Serpell, Robert M Seyfarth
In both humans and non-humans, differences in maternal style during the first few weeks of life can be reliably characterized, and these differences affect offspring's temperament and cognition in later life. Drawing on the breeding population of dogs at The Seeing Eye, a guide dog school in Morristown, New Jersey, we conducted videotaped focal follows on 21 mothers and their litters (n = 138 puppies) over the first 3 weeks of the puppies' lives in an effort to characterize maternal style. We found that a mother's attitude and actions toward her offspring varied naturally between individuals, and that these variations could be summarized by a single principal component, which we described as Maternal behavior...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239333/postnatal-light-effects-on-pup-stress-axis-development-are-independent-of-maternal-behavior
#8
Georgia Coleman, Maria M Canal
Postnatal environment shapes brain development during key critical periods. We have recently found that postnatal light environment has long-term effects on the stress and circadian systems, which can lead to altered stress responses, circadian behavior and a depressive phenotype in adulthood. However, it is still unclear how light experience affects the postnatal development of specific stress markers in the pup brain and the role played by maternal behavior and stress. To test this, we raised mice under either light-dark cycles (LD), constant light (LL) or constant darkness (DD) during the suckling stage...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239318/maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-in-pregnant-japanese-women-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-our-experience-with-a-series-of-23-cases
#9
Naoki Minami, Minoru Matsuura, Yorimitsu Koshikawa, Satoshi Yamada, Yusuke Honzawa, Shuji Yamamoto, Hiroshi Nakase
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Our physicians work to expand the possibilities to treat female patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) who wish to become pregnant. Although many drugs, including 5-aminosalicylate (5-ASA), corticosteroids, immunomodulators, and biologics, are used safely during pregnancy, few reports have described the therapeutic regimen throughout pregnancy and the management of patients who relapse during pregnancy precisely. The aim of this study was to assess the management of patients with IBD during pregnancy...
January 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239197/linear-regression-with-a-randomly-censored-covariate-application-to-an-alzheimer-s-study
#10
Folefac D Atem, Jing Qian, Jacqueline E Maye, Keith A Johnson, Rebecca A Betensky
The association between maternal age of onset of dementia and amyloid deposition (measured by in vivo positron emission tomography (PET) imaging) in cognitively normal older offspring is of interest. In a regression model for amyloid, special methods are required due to the random right censoring of the covariate of maternal age of onset of dementia. Prior literature has proposed methods to address the problem of censoring due to assay limit of detection, but not random censoring. We propose imputation methods and a survival regression method that do not require parametric assumptions about the distribution of the censored covariate...
2017: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series C, Applied Statistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238998/factors-associated-with-contraceptive-use-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-rural-districts-of-burkina-faso
#11
Joseph K Wulifan, Jacob Mazalale, Albrecht Jahn, Hervé Hien, Patrick Christian Ilboudo, Nicolas Meda, Paul Jacob Robyn, Saidou Hamadou, Ousmane Haidara, Manuela De Allegri
Given the current low contraceptive use and corresponding high levels of unwanted pregnancies leading to induced abortions and poor maternal health outcomes among rural populations, a detailed understanding of the factors that limit contraceptive use is essential. Our study investigated household and health facility factors that influence contraceptive use decisions among rural women in rural Burkina Faso. We collected data on fertile non-pregnant women in 24 rural districts in 2014. Of 8,657 women, 1,098 used a modern contraceptive...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238994/can-incentives-reduce-the-barriers-to-use-of-antenatal-care-and-delivery-services-in-kenya-results-of-a-qualitative-inquiry
#12
Eleanor Fleming, Joanna Gaines, Katherine O'Connor, Judith Ogutu, Nancy Atieno, Salimah Atieno, Mary L Kamb, Robert Quick
A qualitative inquiry was used to assess if incentives consisting of a hygiene kit, protein-fortified flour, and delivery kit reduced barriers to antenatal care and delivery services in Nyanza Province, Kenya. We conducted 40 interviews (baseline: five nurses, six mothers, one focus group of five mothers; follow-up: nine nurses, 19 mothers) to assess perceptions of these services. Mothers and nurses identified poor quality of care, fear of HIV diagnosis and stigma, inadequate transport, and cost of care as barriers...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238935/tryptophan-and-purine-metabolites-are-consistently-upregulated-in-the-urinary-metabolome-of-patients-diagnosed-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-throughout-pregnancy-a-longitudinal-metabolomics-study-of-chinese-pregnant-women-part-2
#13
Kai P Law, Ting-Li Han, Xun Mao, Hua Zhang
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a pathological state of glucose intolerance associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes and an increased risk of developing maternal type 2 diabetes later in life. The mechanisms underlying GDM development are not fully understood. We examined the pathophysiology of GDM through comprehensive metabolic profiling of maternal urine, using participants from a longitudinal cohort of normal pregnancies and pregnancies complicated by GDM. METHODS: Based on ultra-performance liquid chromatography/hybrid quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry, an untargeted metabolomics study was performed to explore the differences in the urinary metabolome of GDM cases and healthy controls over the course of pregnancy...
February 23, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238826/environmental-factors-and-teenagers-personalities-the-role-of-personal-and-familial-socio-cultural-level
#14
Elisa Menardo, Giulia Balboni, Roberto Cubelli
: Environmental (e.g., socio-cultural context), individual (e.g., genetic makeup), and interpersonal (e.g., caregiver-children relationships) factors can play a crucial role in shaping the development of the teenagers' personality. In this study, we focused on the Socio-Cultural Level that designates the set of preferences, knowledge and behaviors that characterize an individual's way of life and depend on his or her cultural, social and economic resources. We studied the relationship between Socio-Cultural Level (personal, maternal and paternal) and Big Five personality traits of 191 teenagers living in the same geographical area...
February 23, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238817/the-relationship-between-maternal-responsivity-socioeconomic-status-and-resting-autonomic-nervous-system-functioning-in-mexican-american-children
#15
Megan Johnson, Julianna Deardorff, Elizabeth L Davis, William Martinez, Brenda Eskenazi, Abbey Alkon
Adversity, such as living in poor socioeconomic conditions during early childhood, can become embedded in children's physiology and deleteriously affect their health later in life. On the other hand, maternal responsivity may have adaptive effects on physiology during early childhood development. The current study tested both the additive and interactive effects of socioeconomic status (SES) and maternal responsivity measured at 1year of age on resting autonomic nervous system (ANS) function and trajectory during the first 5years of life...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238719/the-contribution-of-poor-and-rural-populations-to-national-trends-in-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-coverage-analyses-of-cross-sectional-surveys-from-64-countries
#16
Cesar G Victora, Aluisio J D Barros, Giovanny V A França, Inácio C M da Silva, Liliana Carvajal-Velez, Agbessi Amouzou
BACKGROUND: Coverage levels for essential interventions aimed at reducing deaths of mothers and children are increasing steadily in most low-income and middle-income countries. We assessed how much poor and rural populations in these countries are benefiting from national-level progress. METHODS: We analysed trends in a composite coverage indicator (CCI) based on eight reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health interventions in 209 national surveys in 64 countries, from Jan 1, 1994, to Dec 31, 2014...
February 23, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238509/preconception-counseling-predicting-risk-and-outcomes-in-women-with-mwho-3-and-4-heart-disease
#17
Matthew Cauldwell, Sarah Ghonim, Anselm Uebing, Lorna Swan, Philip J Steer, Michael Gatzoulis, Mark R Johnson
OBJECTIVE: All women with CHD, especially those with more severe disease, should be offered preconception counseling (PCC), to discuss the risk of complications and to plan a future pregnancy. Several scoring system have been devised to estimate the risk of adverse events in pregnancies complicated by maternal heart disease (HD) and while comparisons have been made across the whole population, none have focused on the high-risk population. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study that included women classed as modified WHO (mWHO) 3 and 4 who had a pregnancy from at least 20weeks gestation between 1994 and 2015 managed within our institution...
February 4, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238495/maternal-common-variant-rs2305957-spanning-plk4-is-associated-with-blastocyst-formation-and-early-recurrent-miscarriage
#18
Qian Zhang, Guangyu Li, Lei Zhang, Xiaohe Sun, Dandan Zhang, Juanjuan Lu, Jinlong Ma, Junhao Yan, Zi-Jiang Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the common variant rs2305957 spanning PLK4 (Polo-like kinase 4) confers risk to embryo development in Northern Chinese Han (CHN) women. DESIGN: Genetic association study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A total of 2,015 infertile women who underwent in vitro fertilization (IVF), 530 women with early recurrent miscarriage (ERM), and 600 fertile control women in the CHN population...
February 23, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238479/differential-effects-of-the-single-family-room-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-on-18-to-24-month-bayley-scores-of-preterm-infants
#19
Betty Vohr, Elisabeth McGowan, Leslie McKinley, Richard Tucker, Lenore Keszler, Barbara Alksninis
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of human milk and social/environmental disparities on developmental outcomes of infants born preterm cared for in a single-family room (SFR) neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). STUDY DESIGN: Outcomes were compared between infants weighing ≤1250 g cared for in an open-bay NICU (1/2007-8/2009) (n = 394) and an SFR NICU (1/2010-12/2011) (n = 297). Human milk provision at 1 week, 4 weeks and discharge, and 4 week volume (mL/kg/day) were analyzed...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238455/androgen-dependent-mechanisms-of-pro-angiogenic-networks-in-placental-and-tumor-development
#20
Veronika M Metzler, Simone de Brot, Robert S Robinson, Jennie N Jeyapalan, Emad Rakha, Thomas Walton, David S Gardner, Emma F Lund, Jonathan Whitchurch, Daisy Haigh, Jack M Lochray, Brian D Robinson, Cinzia Allegrucci, Rupert G Fray, Jenny L Persson, Niels Ødum, Regina R Miftakhova, Albert A Rizvanov, Ieuan A Hughes, Rieko Tadokoro-Cuccaro, David M Heery, Catrin S Rutland, Nigel P Mongan
The placenta and tumors share important characteristics, including a requirement to establish effective angiogenesis. In the case of the placenta, optimal angiogenesis is required to sustain the blood flow required to maintain a successful pregnancy, whereas in tumors establishing new blood supplies is considered a key step in supporting metastases. Therefore the development of novel angiogenesis inhibitors has been an area of active research in oncology. A subset of the molecular processes regulating angiogenesis are well understood in the context of both early placentation and tumorigenesis...
February 20, 2017: Placenta
keyword
keyword
856
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"