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Misconceptions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786843/effect-of-canning-and-freezing-on-the-nutritional-content-of-apricots
#1
Erin Claire Adkison, William B Biasi, Veronique Bikoba, Dirk M Holstege, Elizabeth J Mitcham
The effect of commercial canning and freezing on the nutritional content of fresh apricots was investigated. Processed samples were analyzed post-processing and after 3 months of storage and compared directly to fresh apricots from the same source. Vitamin C, beta-carotene, total phenols, and antioxidants were quantified. Compared to fresh, canned apricots initially exhibited similar levels of antioxidants, a 17% increase in beta-carotene, and a 48% increase in phenols, while vitamin C was reduced by 37%. After 3 months of storage, antioxidant levels were 47% higher than fresh...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786536/percutaneous-coronary-and-structural-interventions-in-women-a-position-statement-from-the-eapci-women-committee
#2
Alaide Chieffo, Gill Louise Buchanan, Julinda Mehilli, Davide Capodanno, Vijay Kunadian, Anna Sonia Petronio, Ghada W Mikhail, Piera Capranzano, Nieves Gonzal, Nicole Karam, Stéphane Manzo-Silberman, Stefanie Schüpke, Robert A Byrne, Giuliana Capretti, Yolande Appelman, Marie-Claude Morice, Patrizia Presbitero, Maria Radu, Josepa Mauri
Several expert documents on sex-based differences in interventional outcomes are now available, however this is the first position paper from the EAPCI Women Committee discussing the potential influence of sex in the percutaneous treatment of coronary and structural heart disease. Despite the misconception that coronary artery disease is a 'man's disease', contemporary data shows a growing incidence in women. However, women are under-represented in randomised coronary clinical trials (~25%). The generalisation of such studies is therefore problematic in decision-making for females undergoing coronary intervention...
May 22, 2018: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784222/psychiatric-patients-and-nurses-opinions-about-limit-setting-technique-in-port-said-city
#3
Sonia M El-Sayad
BACKGROUND: Limit setting facilitates the development of a therapeutic, caring and supportive relationships, it can also decrease patients' feelings of anxiety and uncertainty. It is a two-way process that should be delivered professionally by the nurse and perceived therapeutically by the patient, so patient considered a vital participant of the technique. AIM: The present study aimed at exploring psychiatric patients' and nurses' opinions as well as their information about limit setting...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781699/conceptualisation-of-african-primal-health-care-within-mental-health-care
#4
Neo E Nare, Abel J Pienaar, Ditaba D Mphuthi
BACKGROUND:  It is believed by western education systems that the first contact should be with the nurse in primary health care. However, it is not the case. Therefore, the researcher attempts to correct this misconception by conceptualising the correct beginning of health seeking behaviour in an indigenous African community, namely African Primal Health Care (APHC). 'Primal' was coined during a colloquium by Dr Mbulawa and Seboka team members; however no formal conceptualisation took place, only operational definition...
March 22, 2018: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777733/food-allergy-guidance-in-the-united-states-military-a-work-group-report-from-the-aaaai-military-allergy-and-immunology-assembly-maia
#5
Kirk Waibel, Rachel Lee, Christopher Coop, Yun Mendoza, Kevin White
A diagnosis of food allergy adversely impacts one's ability to join or remain in the military. Inadequate knowledge or misconceptions of current military-specific standards regarding food allergy and how these apply to enlistment, induction, and retention in the United States military can potentially lead to inaccurate counseling as each military service has specific regulations which impact the evaluation and decision-making process. Recognizing this knowledge gap, the American Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (AAAAI) Military Allergy and Immunology Assembly (MAIA) established a Work Group who reviewed and summarized all aspects of military instructions, policies, and regulations regarding IgE mediated food allergy...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774774/undertreatment-of-pain-and-low-use-of-opioids-in-latin-america
#6
César Amescua García, Joao Batista Santos Garcia, María Del Rosario Berenguel Cook, Frantz Colimon, José Alberto Flores Cantisani, Carlos Guerrero, María Del Rocío Guillén Núnez, John Jairo Hernández Castro, Durval Campos Kraychete, Argelia Lara-Solares, Osvandré Lech, María Antonieta Rico Pazos, Manuel Sempértegui Gallegos, Lizandra Pattaro Marcondes
Pain is highly prevalent among the adult Latin American population. However, many patients with moderate to severe pain do not have access to effective pain management with opioids due to limited access to healthcare, overuse of nonopioid analgesics, regulatory barriers and lack of appropriate information about opioids. There is scarce training on use of opioids among physicians and other healthcare providers, which leads to misconceptions, mainly related to a fear of prescribing opioids. Although opioids are safe and effective drugs for the treatment of moderate to severe chronic pain, the use of opioids in Latin American nations is clearly below standards compared with developed countries...
May 18, 2018: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766527/exploring-workplace-tb-interventions-with-foreign-born-latino-workers
#7
Donald E Eggerth, Brenna M Keller, Michael A Flynn
BACKGROUND: Persons born outside the United States are more likely to be diagnosed with tuberculosis disease (TB) than native-born individuals. Foreign-born Latinos at risk of TB may be difficult to reach with public health interventions due to cultural and institutional barriers. Workplaces employing large concentrations of foreign-born Latinos may be useful locations for TB interventions targeting this high-risk population. METHOD: This study used a two-phase approach to investigate the feasibility of workplace TB interventions...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764891/developing-a-complex-intervention-to-support-timely-engagement-with-palliative-care-for-patients-with-advanced-cancer-in-primary-and-secondary-care-in-the-uk-a-study-protocol
#8
Julia Hackett, Hilary Bekker, Michael I Bennett, Paul Carder, Jean Gallagher, Claire Henry, Suzanne Kite, Sally Taylor, Galina Velikova, Lucy Ziegler
INTRODUCTION: For patients with advanced cancer, timely access to palliative care can improve quality of life and enable patients to participate in decisions about their end-of-life care. However, in a UK population of 2500 patients who died from cancer, one-third did not receive specialist palliative care, and of those who did, the duration of involvement was too short to maximise the benefits. Initiating a conversation about palliative care is challenging for some health professionals and patients often have unmet information needs and misconceptions about palliative care...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757781/misconceptions-surrounding-penicillin-allergy-implications-for-anesthesiologists
#9
Leon Vorobeichik, Elizabeth A Weber, Jordan Tarshis
Administration of preoperative antimicrobial prophylaxis, often with a cephalosporin, is the mainstay of surgical site infection prevention guidelines. Unfortunately, due to prevalent misconceptions, patients labeled as having a penicillin allergy often receive alternate and less-effective antibiotics, placing them at risk of a variety of adverse effects including increased morbidity and higher risk of surgical site infection. The perioperative physician should ascertain the nature of previous reactions to aid in determining the probability of the prevalence of a true allergy...
May 10, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757390/battery-longevity-of-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-and-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-defibrillators-technical-clinical-and-economic-aspects-an-expert-review-paper-from-ehra
#10
Giuseppe Boriani, Josè Merino, David J Wright, Fredrik Gadler, Beat Schaer, Maurizio Landolina
In recent years an extension of devices longevity has been obtained for implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs), including ICDs for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT-D) through improved battery chemistry and device technology and this implies important clinical benefits (reduced need for device replacements and associated complications, particularly infections), as well as economic benefits, in line with patient preferences and needs. From a clinical point of view, the availability of this improvement in technology allows to better tune the choice of the device to be implanted, taking into account that the reasons supporting the value of an extended device longevity as a clinical priority may differ according to the clinical setting (purely electrical diseases or left ventricular dysfunction/heart failure, respectively)...
May 10, 2018: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757123/the-role-of-humor-in-messaging-about-the-mmr-vaccine
#11
Emily Moyer-Gusé, Melissa J Robinson, Jessica Mcknight
Outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases have increased due, in part, to misconceptions about vaccine safety (Kennedy et al., 2011). Extant literature has examined various messages designed to correct false beliefs about vaccination risks and to urge parents to vaccinate their children. The present study is designed to contribute to this literature by drawing on the broader research and theory on resistance to persuasion and correcting false beliefs. We examine the effects of a humorous (vs. non-humorous) message about the importance of the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine on parents' vaccine hesitancy...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751354/evaluation-of-knowledge-about-epilepsy-and-attitudes-towards-patients-with-epilepsy-among-university-students-in-upper-egypt
#12
Mohamed N Thabit, Mohamed A Sayed, Magda M Ali
PURPOSE: Epilepsy is a major public health problem worldwide. There are many misconceptions about people's knowledge and attitudes about epilepsy, which influence people's behavior towards patients with epilepsy. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in Sohag University, a public Egyptian University, in Upper Egypt. We used an Arabic language designed questionnaire to assess people's knowledge about epilepsy and their attitudes towards patients with epilepsy...
May 5, 2018: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749850/identifying-and-remediating-student-misconceptions-in-introductory-biology-via-writing-to-learn-assignments-and-peer-review
#13
Audrey S Halim, Solaire A Finkenstaedt-Quinn, Laura J Olsen, Anne Ruggles Gere, Ginger V Shultz
Student misconceptions are an obstacle in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics courses and unless remediated may continue causing difficulties in learning as students advance in their studies. Writing-to-learn assignments (WTL) are characterized by their ability to promote in-depth conceptual learning by allowing students to explore their understanding of a topic. This study sought to determine whether and what types of misconceptions are elicited by WTL assignments and how the process of peer review and revision leads to remediation or propagation of misconceptions...
June 2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749785/reducing-restrictive-practice-in-adult-services-not-only-an-issue-for-mental-health-professionals
#14
Greg Hext, Louise L Clark, Andreas Xyrichis
Reducing 'restrictive practices' is an issue of national importance, pertinent to all NHS sectors, yet there is poor awareness of the issue in mainstream adult services. Such practices potentially restrict a person's rights to choice, self-determination, privacy and freedom. Challenging behaviour is often the result of unmet needs, communication difficulties or diagnostic overshadowing, but there is a common misconception that patients exhibit such behaviours because of their impaired intellectual abilities or mental health problems...
May 10, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748766/firearm-storage-in-gun-owning-households-with-children-results-of-a-2015-national-survey
#15
Deborah Azrael, Joanna Cohen, Carmel Salhi, Matthew Miller
Data from a nationally representative probability-based online survey sample of US adults conducted in 2015 (n = 3949, response rate 55%) were used to assess self-reported gun storage practices among gun owners with children. The presence of firearms and children in the home, along with other household and individual level characteristics, was ascertained from all respondents. Questions pertaining to household firearms (how guns are stored, number, type, etc.) were asked only of those respondents who reported that they personally owned a gun...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746686/taking-respect-seriously-clinical-research-and-the-demands-of-informed-consent
#16
Lynn A Jansen
There is broad agreement among research ethicists that investigators have a duty to obtain the informed consent of all subjects who participate in their research trials. On a common view, the duty to obtain this informed consent follows from the need to respect persons and their autonomous decisions. However, the nature of informed consent and the demands it places on investigators are open to dispute and recently have been challenged. Respect for persons, it has been claimed, does not require investigators to guarantee that the subjects enrolled in their trials comprehend the risk/benefit information disclosed to them or even that they appreciate the difference between research and therapy...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743188/engaging-men-in-family-planning-perspectives-from-married-men-in-lom%C3%A3-togo
#17
Tekou B Koffi, Karen Weidert, Erakalaza Ouro Bitasse, Marthe Adjoko E Mensah, Jacques Emina, Sheila Mensah, Annette Bongiovanni, Ndola Prata
Family planning programs have made vast progress in many regions of sub-Saharan Africa in the last decade, but francophone West Africa is still lagging behind. More emphasis on male engagement might result in better outcomes, especially in countries with strong patriarchal societies. Few studies in francophone West Africa have examined attitudes of male involvement in family planning from the perspective of men themselves, yet this evidence is necessary for development of successful family planning projects that include men...
May 9, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743062/-we-don-t-want-our-clothes-to-smell-smoke-changing-malaria-control-practices-and-opportunities-for-integrated-community-based-management-in-baringo-kenya
#18
Jacinter A Amadi, Daniel O Olago, George O Ong'amo, Silas O Oriaso, Isaac K Nyamongo, Benson B A Estambale
BACKGROUND: The decline in global malaria cases is attributed to intensified utilization of primary vector control interventions and artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs). These strategies are inadequate in many rural areas, thus adopting locally appropriate integrated malaria control strategies is imperative in these heterogeneous settings. This study aimed at investigating trends and local knowledge on malaria and to develop a framework for malaria control for communities in Baringo, Kenya...
May 9, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742283/vaccination-practices-in-dialysis-patients-a-narrative-review
#19
REVIEW
Georges Kosmadakis, Julie Albaret, Enrique Da Costa Correia, Frederic Somda, Didier Aguilera
In a period of turmoil concerning vaccination practices, there is a serious conflict between scientifically reasonable, evidence-based guidelines and the far-fetched rumors or misconceptions concerning the vaccination practices in the general population. When a significant portion of the medical and paramedical personnel may be deliberately unvaccinated against common biological agents, achieving effective vaccination rates in the dialysis population may be complicated. Vaccination rates are unacceptably low in dialysis patients and seroconversion rates are even lower; further, serological follow-up is generally poor...
May 9, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742244/phrenology-and-the-rwandan-genocide
#20
Charles André
Belgian colonizers used phrenology to create an irreducible division between the two major groups living for centuries in Rwanda-Urundi. This formed the basis for the implementation of systematic efforts to subdue the large Hutu population. Both the Hutus and the smaller, and initially privileged, Tutsi group soon incorporated the racist discourse, which was pivotal to the gradual increase in violence before and after Rwandan independence in 1962. The Rwandan genocide in 1994 culminated in the horrible pinnacle of this process, involving recurrent episodes of slaughtering...
April 2018: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
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