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Misconceptions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327202/patients-perspective-of-disease-and-medication-adherence-for-type-2-diabetes-in-an-urban-area-in-bangladesh-a-qualitative-study
#1
Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Tuhin Biswas, Faiz A Bhuiyan, Kamrun Mustafa, Anwar Islam
BACKGROUND: Patients' perspective of diabetes and adherence to its prescribed medications is a significant predictor of glycemic control and overall management of the disease. However, there is a paucity of such information in Bangladesh. This study aimed to explore patients' perspective of diabetes, their experience of taking oral hypoglycemic medications and explore factors that contribute to medication adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes in Bangladesh. METHODS: We conducted in-depth face-to-face interviews with 12 type 2 diabetes patients attending a tertiary hospital in Dhaka city between February and March, 2014...
March 21, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314139/patients-experiences-of-atrial-fibrillation-and-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-noacs-and-their-educational-needs-a-qualitative-study
#2
Danielle E Clarkesmith, Gregory Y H Lip, Deirdre A Lane
PURPOSE: Qualitative research on atrial fibrillation (AF) patient's experiences and perceptions of taking the non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) for stroke prevention is limited. This study explores patients' experiences of dabigatran and their recommendations for development of educational materials. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Semi-structured individual interviews with 8 warfarin-naive and 8 warfarin-experienced AF patients, using qualitative deductive thematic analysis...
March 7, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302885/strangles-stamping-out-misconceptions
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300047/knowledge-attitude-and-experience-of-cervical-cancer-and-screening-among-sub-saharan-african-female-students-in-a-uk-university
#4
Faith Sopuruchukwu Ogbonna
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is one of the major diseases that affect women of child bearing age. Its main cause is the human papilloma virus; although, other associated factors have been evidenced to increase its risk. Pap-smear screening and vaccination which has been shown to be successful in reducing the incidence and prevalence of the disease in developed countries, has been neglected in developing countries due to lack of knowledge, misconceptions, and cultural beliefs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving only female Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) students in a UK university setting...
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299300/the-health-seeking-behaviors-and-perceptions-of-iranian-patient-with-osteoarthritis-about-pain-management-a-qualitative-study
#5
Vahid Zamanzadeh, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Marjaneh Foolady, Mozhgan Behshid, Alireza Irajpoor
Introduction: Pain is the main reason for patients with osteoarthritis (OA) to visit health clinics. Health seeking behaviors indicate unmet patient needs and lack of understanding of OA pain patterns. This study aimed to describe the experiences of Iranian patients with OA and explore their health seeking behaviors and perceptions on pain management related to osteoarthritis. Methods: Using a qualitative approach, data was collected by interviewing 19 patients, 2 family members, and 5 health care providers from the in-patient and out-patient clinics, and physicians' offices...
March 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299257/cleft-lip-and-palate-parental-experiences-of-stigma-discrimination-and-social-structural-inequalities
#6
Wasiu Lanre Adeyemo, Olutayo James, Azeez Butali
BACKGROUND: Cleft lip and palate (CLP) are the most common craniofacial birth impairment and one of the most common congenital impairments in humans. Anecdotal evidence suggests that stigmatization, discrimination, and sociocultural inequalities are common "phenomenon" experienced by families of children with CLP in Nigeria. This study aimed to explore the stigmatization, discrimination, and sociocultural inequalities experiences of families with children born with CLP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out at the surgical outpatient cleft clinic of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298533/reply-to-baskerville-and-cobey-misconceptions-about-causation-with-synchrony-and-seasonal-drivers
#7
George Sugihara, Ethan R Deyle, Hao Ye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294032/student-life-down-but-definitely-not-out
#8
Jane Morton
Most of students' pre-registration training takes place in the hospital environment. This, combined with the common misconception that nurses who work in the community are not 'proper nurses', may result in students and newly qualified nurses underestimating the field's complexity.
March 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291721/barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-uptake-of-tuberculosis-diagnostic-and-treatment-services-by-hard-to-reach-populations-in-countries-of-low-and-medium-tuberculosis-incidence-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-literature
#9
REVIEW
Sophia G de Vries, Anne L Cremers, Charlotte C Heuvelings, Patrick F Greve, Benjamin J Visser, Sabine Bélard, Saskia Janssen, René Spijker, Beth Shaw, Ruaraidh A Hill, Alimuddin Zumla, Marieke J van der Werf, Andreas Sandgren, Martin P Grobusch
Tuberculosis disproportionately affects hard-to-reach populations, such as homeless people, migrants, refugees, prisoners, or drug users. These people often face challenges in accessing quality health care. We did a systematic review of the qualitative literature to identify barriers and facilitators to the uptake of tuberculosis diagnostic and treatment services by people from hard-to-reach populations in all European Union (EU), European Economic Area, EU candidate, and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries...
March 10, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291647/health-professional-feedback-on-hpv-vaccination-roll-out-in-a-developing-country
#10
Collette Venturas, Kanayo Umeh
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, Zambia has the highest cervical cancer incidence rates (58.4/100,000 per year) and mortality rates (36.2/100,000 per year). The human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine is considered a vital preventative measure against cervical cancer, particularly in sub-Saharan countries, such as Zambia. Past research suggests health professionals' experiences with HPV vaccination rollout can have practical implications for effective delivery. OBJECTIVE: To explore health professionals' perspectives on the HPV vaccination programme in Zambia...
March 10, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289050/knowledge-and-attitudes-of-uk-university-students-in-relation-to-ultraviolet-radiation-uvr-exposure-and-their-sun-related-behaviours-a-qualitative-study
#11
Lucy Kirk, Sheila Greenfield
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether knowledge about the harms of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) influences UK university students' sun-related behaviours and examine in depth their attitudes towards: sun protection, natural and artificial tanning behaviours. DESIGN: Qualitative methodology with 15 semistructured, individual interviews. Thematic analysis using the Framework Method with analyst triangulation and member validation. SETTING: One university in the West Midlands, UK...
March 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287560/modified-microsecure-vitrification-a-safe-simple-and-highly-effective-cryopreservation-procedure-for-human-blastocysts
#12
Mitchel C Schiewe, Shane Zozula, Nancy Nugent, Kelley Waggoner, Jessica Borba, Lisa Gamboa, John B Whitney
Clinical embryo vitrification evolved with the development of unique vitrification devices in the 21(st) century and with the misconception that ultra-rapid cooling in an "open" system (i.e., direct LN2 contact) was a necessity to optimize vitrification success. The dogma surrounding the importance of cooling rates led to unsafe practices subject to technical variation and to the creation of vitrification devices that disregarded important quality-control factors (e.g., ease of use, repeatability, reliability, labeling security, and storage safety)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283372/influenza-vaccine-uptake-determinants-motivators-and-barriers-of-the-vaccine-receipt-among-healthcare-workers-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-saudi-arabia
#13
H K Haridi, K A Salman, E A Basaif, D K Al-Skaibi
BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccination of healthcare workers (HCWs) is essential for patient safety, their own safety, and hospital operation. However, despite its strong recommendation, studies indicates a low rate of vaccine uptake. AIM: To assess rates of, and factors affecting, influenza vaccine uptake among HCWs. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out during October 1(st) to 16(th), 2015, among HCWs in King Abdullah Medical City in Makkah, Saudi Arabia...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277698/does-educating-patients-about-the-early-palliative-care-study-increase-preferences-for-outpatient-palliative-cancer-care-findings-from-project-empower
#14
Michael Hoerger, Laura M Perry, Robert Gramling, Ronald M Epstein, Paul R Duberstein
OBJECTIVES: Randomized controlled trials, especially the Early Palliative Care Study (Temel et al., 2010), have shown that early outpatient palliative cancer care can improve quality of life for patients with advanced cancer or serious symptoms. However, fear and misconceptions drive avoidance of palliative care. Drawing from an empowerment perspective, we examined whether educating patients about evidence from the Early Palliative Care Study would increase preferences for palliative care...
March 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277690/reporting-effect-sizes-in-original-psychological-research-a-discussion-and-tutorial
#15
Jolynn Pek, David B Flora
Statistical practice in psychological science is undergoing reform which is reflected in part by strong recommendations for reporting and interpreting effect sizes and their confidence intervals. We present principles and recommendations for research reporting and emphasize the variety of ways effect sizes can be reported. Additionally, we emphasize interpreting and reporting unstandardized effect sizes because of common misconceptions regarding standardized effect sizes which we elucidate. Effect sizes should directly answer their motivating research questions, be comprehensible to the average reader, and be based on meaningful metrics of their constituent variables...
March 9, 2017: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275426/child-maltreatment-between-knowledge-attitude-and-beliefs-among-saudi-pediatricians-pediatric-residency-trainees-and-medical-students
#16
Yossef Alnasser, Amani Albijadi, Waad Abdullah, Dana Aldabeeb, Alanoud Alomair, Sara Alsaddiqi, Yara Alsalloum
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment is not included in Saudi medical schools and pediatric residency curriculums, which might limit knowledge and spread misconceptions. Additionally, physicians might have different attitudes regarding reporting child abuse and neglect. In this study, we hypothesize that medical students and pediatric trainees have limited knowledge, oblivious attitude and misbeliefs regarding child maltreatment in comparison to experienced pediatricians. But, medical students and trainees might hold higher motives and willingness to learn about child maltreatment and their consequences...
April 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274388/shisha-waterpipe-smoking-initiation-among-youth-in-malaysia-and-global-perspective-a-scoping-review-2006-2015
#17
REVIEW
S K Singh, L Enzhong, D D Reidpath, P Allotey
OBJECTIVE: To explore the initiating factors of waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) among youth. STUDY DESIGN: The analytic framework for this scoping review was performed using the methodology outlined by Arksey and O'Malley, which includes identification of the research question, study selection, charting the data, collating, summarizing and reporting the results that were primarily guided by the research question; 'what is known about the initiation of shisha smoking among youth?' METHODS: Electronic databases such as Cochrane, MEDLINE and PsycINFO were used to search for relevant articles...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266097/dispelling-misconceptions-in-the-management-of-familial-adenomatous-polyposis
#18
REVIEW
Timothy J Chittleborough, Satish K Warrier, Alexander G Heriot, Matthew Kalady, James Church
Patients with familial adenomatous polyposis require surgical intervention at some point in their lives. The diagnosis is often apparent from their phenotype and family history, however, this is not always the case. Many factors can influence the surgical strategy although the polyposis burden and distribution remain the main consideration. While prophylactic removal of the rectum and colon is often required, sparing the rectum at the index surgery is safe in select patients. This article aims to dispel misconceptions in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with familial adenomatous polyposis...
March 7, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264231/-lumbar-degenerative-kyphosis-is-not-byword-for-degenerative-sagittal-imbalance-time-to-replace-a-misconception
#19
REVIEW
Chang-Hyun Lee, Chun Kee Chung, Jee-Soo Jang, Sung-Min Kim, Dong-Kyu Chin, Jung-Kil Lee
Lumbar degenerative kyphosis (LDK) is a subgroup of the flat-back syndrome and is most commonly caused by unique life styles, such as a prolonged crouched posture during agricultural work and performing activities of daily living on the floor. Unfortunately, LDK has been used as a byword for degenerative sagittal imbalance, and this sometimes causes confusion. The aim of this review was to evaluate the exact territory of LDK, and to introduce another appropriate term for degenerative sagittal deformity. Unlike what its name suggests, LDK does not only include sagittal balance disorder of the lumbar spine and kyphosis, but also sagittal balance disorder of the whole spine and little lordosis of the lumbar spine...
March 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263455/liver-disease-and-fibrosis-assessment-in-substance-use-related-disorders
#20
Marija Zeremski, Anthony Martinez
Substance users have the highest prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection but have rarely been treated, largely because of their mistrust of the health care system, misconceptions about the consequences of the infection, and concerns regarding interferon-related side effects. With the development of highly efficacious, interferon-free therapeutic regimens without significant side effects, the concept of colocating HCV and substance use treatment would appear to be highly feasible. This process has been further facilitated by widespread clinical adaptation of noninvasive assays for fibrosis assessment, which could be performed routinely in substance use treatment facilities...
March 2017: Clinical Pharmacology in Drug Development
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