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Misconceptions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815445/identification-and-treatment-optimization-of-comorbid-depression-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#1
Mellissa H Withers, Louella T Gonzalez, George A Karpouzas
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) suffer from high rates of depression but depression often remains undiagnosed and untreated among RA patients. Because of its high prevalence and its profound impact on functional disability and health-related quality of life, prompt recognition and management of comorbid depression is urgently needed in patients with RA. Rheumatologists face the challenge of addressing depression in their clinical interactions with patients. The purpose of this paper is to present the prevalence of comorbid depression in RA, to delineate the consequences of depression among RA patients, to discuss the barriers to the identification of depression among RA patients, and to outline a set of recommendations to identify and treat comorbid depression that could be implemented within the rheumatology clinic setting...
August 16, 2017: Rheumatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814940/cardiac-health-knowledge-and-misconceptions-among-nursing-students-implications-for-nursing-curriculum-design
#2
Susan Ka Yee Chow, Yuen Yee Chan, Sin Kuen Ho, Ka Chun Ng
BACKGROUND: Cardiac misconceptions are common among healthcare professionals. The development of professional knowledge is considered an essential component of nursing education. Nurses, regardless of their grade, skills, and experience, should be updated with information so as to be able to rectify their misconceptions, as these could affect patient health outcomes. As the literature evaluating the cardiac knowledge and misconceptions of nursing students is sparse, a study of the subject seems warranted...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814121/perceptions-of-iranian-female-drug-users-toward-hiv-testing-a-qualitative-content-analysis
#3
Mansoureh Jamshidimanesh, Effat Merghati Khoie, Seyed Abbas Mousavi, Afsaneh Keramat, Mohammad Hassan Emamian
BACKGROUND: Drug-dependent women are the vulnerable population deprived of access to health services and also have particular relevance to public health perspective because they are important bridge population for driving HIV/AIDS epidemic. This qualitative study aimed to explore the perception of drug-dependent women regarding HIV testing. METHODS: In this qualitative study, we approached 23 women with substance use disorders in 2 of the selected drop-in centers in the south Tehran...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813240/when-does-therapeutic-misconception-affect-surrogates-or-subjects-decision-making-about-whether-to-participate-in-dementia-research
#4
Laura B Dunn, Barton W Palmer
"Therapeutic misconception" (TM) refers to inappropriate assumptions and beliefs on the part of research participants regarding key distinctions between the purpose, methods, intended benefits, and potential disadvantages of research compared to those of clinical care. Despite an extensive literature describing TM across varied types of research and populations, minimal work has addressed TM in the context of dementia research. This is a serious gap, for several reasons: people with dementia are at significant risk of diminished capacity; surrogate decision makers are typically asked to provide consent on behalf of the person with dementia; and available treatments for dementia are quite limited...
July 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812931/advocacy-and-public-policy-perceptions-and-involvement-of-master-certified-health-education-specialists
#5
Dianne L Kerr, Emily Van Wasshenova, Rachel Mahas, F Jeannine Everhart, Amy Thompson, Debra Boardley
Master Certified Health Education Specialists (MCHES; n = 186) participated in a mail survey on advocacy and public policy. Over half of participants reported that they had contacted a public official or provided policy-related information to consumers or other professionals. Participants identified barriers and benefits to influencing public policy. The greatest benefit was identified as improving the health or welfare of the public while the greatest barrier was that they were busy with other priorities. Participants also described their level of involvement, knowledge, training in advocacy, and their self-efficacy in performing various advocacy activities...
September 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808517/the-mythos-of-laudable-pus-along-with-an-explanation-for-its-origin
#6
Jeffrey A Freiberg
The presence of pus is one of the most easily recognizable signs of an infection. However, for several centuries suppuration, known as 'laudable pus,' was believed to be a sign of a healthy, healing wound. This historical misconception can be explained by the difference in the presentation of a necrotizing soft tissue infection versus other more common skin and soft tissue infections. Chronic wound infections, due to pyogenic bacteria, typically produce large amounts of thick, whitish-yellow pus. On the other hand, necrotizing soft tissue infections, despite their severe mortality and morbidity, are devoid of pus in the traditional sense...
July 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806785/adherence-to-ivermectin-is-more-associated-with-perceptions-of-community-directed-treatment-with-ivermectin-organization-than-with-onchocerciasis-beliefs
#7
Fanny Nadia Dissak-Delon, Guy-Roger Kamga, Perrine Claire Humblet, Annie Robert, Jacob Souopgui, Joseph Kamgno, Marie José Essi, Stephen Mbigha Ghogomu, Isabelle Godin
BACKGROUND: The fight against onchocerciasis in Africa has boomed thanks to the Community Directed Treatment with Ivermectin (CDTI) program. However, in Cameroon, after more than 15 years of mass treatment, onchocerciasis prevalence is still above the non-transmission threshold. This study aimed to explore a possible association between people's beliefs/perceptions of onchocerciasis and of CDTI program, and their adherence to ivermectin in three regions of Cameroon. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A cross sectional survey was carried out in three health districts with persistent high onchocerciasis prevalence...
August 14, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806013/vaccines-and-autism-a-misconception-that-persists
#8
Maya Gogoi, Archana Chatterjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803883/the-provision-of-emergency-contraception-in-kinshasa-s-private-sector-pharmacies-experiences-of-mystery-clients
#9
Julie H Hernandez, Mbadu Muanda Fidèle, Mélissa Garcia, Annie Glover
OBJECTIVES: Recent programmatic and research efforts on addressing gaps in health systems of low-income countries increasingly see task shifting, i.e. the provision of healthcare by non-medically trained personnel, as a possible solution to increase the availability of specific services and commodities. In Kinshasa, private-sector pharmacies are the primary and preferred provider of family planning (FP) methods, and thus constitute a potential resource for expanding access to specific contraceptives...
August 10, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801355/healthcare-providers-need-to-address-misconceptions-young-women-have-around-iuds-and-their-fertility
#10
Elise D Berlan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2017: Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798210/do-biology-majors-really-differ-from-non-stem-majors
#11
Sehoya Cotner, Seth Thompson, Robin Wright
Recent calls to action urge sweeping reform in science education, advocating for improved learning for all students-including those majoring in fields beyond the sciences. However, little work has been done to characterize the differences-if any exist-between students planning a career in science and those studying other disciplines. We describe an attempt to clarify, in broad terms, how non-STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) majors differ from life sciences majors, and how they are similar...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796131/beyond-ultrasound-guidance-for-regional-anesthesiology
#12
De Q Tran, André P Boezaart, Joseph M Neal
Despite its popularity, ultrasound (US)-guided regional anesthesiology is associated with significant limitations. The latter can be attributed to either the US machine (ie, decreased ability to insonate deep neural structures, as well as the thoracic spine) or the operator. Shortcomings associated with the operator can be explained by errors in perception (ie, ambiguous criteria for needle/catheter tip-to-nerve proximity and subparaneural local anesthetic injection) or interpretation. Perhaps the greatest confusion afflicting US-guided regional anesthesiology originates from an intellectual misconception pertaining to its application...
August 8, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792862/nudging-and-boosting-steering-or-empowering-good-decisions
#13
Ralph Hertwig, Till Grüne-Yanoff
In recent years, policy makers worldwide have begun to acknowledge the potential value of insights from psychology and behavioral economics into how people make decisions. These insights can inform the design of nonregulatory and nonmonetary policy interventions-as well as more traditional fiscal and coercive measures. To date, much of the discussion of behaviorally informed approaches has emphasized "nudges," that is, interventions designed to steer people in a particular direction while preserving their freedom of choice...
August 1, 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790871/estimating-the-effect-of-lay-knowledge-and-prior-contact-with-pulmonary-tb-patients-on-health-belief-model-in-a-high-risk-pulmonary-tb-transmission-population
#14
Rizqy Amelia Zein, Fendy Suhariadi, Wiwin Hendriani
OBJECTIVE: The research aimed to investigate the effect of lay knowledge of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and prior contact with pulmonary TB patients on a health-belief model (HBM) as well as to identify the social determinants that affect lay knowledge. METHODS: Survey research design was conducted, where participants were required to fill in a questionnaire, which measured HBM and lay knowledge of pulmonary TB. Research participants were 500 residents of Semampir, Asemrowo, Bubutan, Pabean Cantian, and Simokerto districts, where the risk of pulmonary TB transmission is higher than other districts in Surabaya...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782210/-to-die-with-dignity-an-update-on-palliative-care
#15
Frank Brennan
Significant developments have occurred in the discipline of palliative care in the modern era. This paper shall explore those developments, challenge some widely held misconceptions about the role and daily practice of the discipline, highlight the growing recognition of the role of palliative care in non-malignant diseases, briefly discuss innovations in symptom management and reflect on the underlying principles, maturation and challenges faced by the discipline.
August 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779969/misconceptions-about-logarithmic-transformation-and-the-traditional-allometric-method
#16
REVIEW
Gary C Packard
Logarithmic transformation is often assumed to be necessary in allometry to accommodate the kind of variation that accompanies multiplicative growth by plants and animals; and the traditional approach to allometric analysis is commonly believed to have important application even when the bivariate distribution of interest is curvilinear on the logarithmic scale. Here I examine four arguments that have been tendered in support of these perceptions. All the arguments are based on misunderstandings about the traditional method for allometric analysis and/or on a lack of familiarity with newer methods of nonlinear regression...
July 19, 2017: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778037/comparison-of-midwife-led-care-and-obstetrician-led-care-on-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-singapore-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Shi Tian Voon, Julie Tay Suan Lay, Wilson Tam Wai San, Shefaly Shorey, Serena Koh Siew Lin
OBJECTIVES: to examine the maternal and neonatal outcomes of low-risk women receiving midwife-led care and obstetrician-led care. DESIGN, SETTING,&PARTICIPANTS: a retrospective cohort study design was used. Data were collected from a large tertiary maternity hospital in Singapore. This involved a medical record review of 368 women who had singleton, normal to low-risk, term pregnancy, and received midwife-led care and obstetrician-led care between 2013 to 2014. MEASUREMENTS: a data extraction tool was used to solicit information on the outcome measures, including duration of labour, mode of delivery, episiotomy, and 5-minutes Apgar score (<7)...
July 18, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774206/how-do-patients-conceptualize-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#18
R E Goldman, L Mennillo, P Stebbins, D R Parker
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of death in the United States, yet even at risk or diagnosed patients misunderstand COPD and its consequences for their quality of life and mortality. This study explored how patients conceptualize the causes, symptoms, consequences, treatment, and risk for developing COPD. The study consisted of six focus groups: 39 participants who were adults > 40 and current smoker or have COPD symptoms, family history, or exposures. Although many participants had some familiarity with the breathing, lung function, physical, emotional, and social consequences of COPD, confusion and misunderstanding prevailed...
August 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766582/continuing-medical-education-august-2017-bloating-and-abdominal-distension-old-misconceptions-and-current-knowledge
#19
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759162/nurses-perceived-barriers-to-bedside-handover-and-their-implication-for-clinical-practice
#20
Georgia Tobiano, Jennifer A Whitty, Tracey Bucknall, Wendy Chaboyer
BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE: Bedside handover during the change of shift allows nurses to visualize patients and facilitate patient participation, both purported to improve patient safety. But, bedside handover does not always occur and when it does, it may not involve the patient. AIM: To explore and understand barriers nurses perceive in undertaking bedside handover. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered to 200 nurses working on medical wards, recruited from two Australian hospitals, one private and one public...
July 31, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
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