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Misconceptions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639838/provider-perceptions-of-stigma-and-discrimination-experienced-by-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-phiv-while-accessing-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care
#1
Cynthia D Fair, Meredith Berk
Historically, children with perinatally-acquired HIV (PHIV) were viewed as the "innocent victims" as their HIV infection was not acquired through sexual/drug related means. Today, adolescents with PHIV are surviving into young adulthood and are engaging in developmentally expected behaviors such as establishing intimate, sexual relationships. Like other youth, those living with PHIV often need to access sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services. Previous research has documented stigma and discrimination experienced by adult women living with HIV as they try to access SRH care...
June 22, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637141/misconceptions-about-traumatic-brain-injury-among-probation-services
#2
Conall O'Rourke, Mark A Linden, Maria Lohan
PURPOSE: The prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among offender populations is significantly higher than among the general population. Despite this, no study has yet assessed the knowledge of members of the probation service surrounding TBI. METHOD: Knowledge was assessed among members of the Probation Board for Northern Ireland (PBNI) using a cross-sectional online version of the Common Misconceptions about TBI (CM-TBI) questionnaire. Mean total misconception scores, along with scores on four subdomains (recovery, sequelae, insight, and hidden injury) were calculated...
February 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635155/representation-and-computation-in-cognitive-models
#3
Kenneth D Forbus, Chen Liang, Irina Rabkina
One of the central issues in cognitive science is the nature of human representations. We argue that symbolic representations are essential for capturing human cognitive capabilities. We start by examining some common misconceptions found in discussions of representations and models. Next we examine evidence that symbolic representations are essential for capturing human cognitive capabilities, drawing on the analogy literature. Then we examine fundamental limitations of feature vectors and other distributed representations that, despite their recent successes on various practical problems, suggest that they are insufficient to capture many aspects of human cognition...
June 21, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628426/the-uspstf-and-screening-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-dispelling-misconceptions
#4
EDITORIAL
Reena Mehra, Nancy Foldvary-Schaefer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627247/exploring-knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-associated-with-meditation-among-patients-with-melanoma
#5
Lahiru Russell, Liliana Orellana, Anna Ugalde, Donna Milne, Meinir Krishnasamy, Richard Chambers, Patricia M Livingston
AIM: To explore the knowledge, attitudes, and practices associated with meditation among people with melanoma and investigate the relationship between perceived stress, trait mindfulness, and meditation. Factors associated with interest to participate in an online meditation program were also explored. METHODS: A survey-based cross-sectional study of 291 patients attending a melanoma outpatient clinic assessed knowledge of meditation, attitudes toward meditation using Determinants of Meditation Practice Inventory (DMPI), and meditation experience...
March 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623189/the-anthropocene-neglects-misconceptions-and-possible-futures-the-term-anthropocene-is-often-erroneously-used-as-it-is-not-formally-defined-yet
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620923/home-phototherapy-in-vitiligo
#7
REVIEW
Tasneem F Mohammad, Narumol Silpa-Archa, James L Griffith, Henry W Lim, Iltefat H Hamzavi
Vitiligo is a disorder characterized by the development of depigmented macules and patches. Narrowband ultraviolet B phototherapy is a standard of care treatment and is used both as monotherapy and in combination with other treatment modalities to induce repigmentation. Although phototherapy is safe and effective, its use is limited due to the significant time commitment required and associated costs. Home phototherapy is a safe and effective alternative to make phototherapy more accessible to patients. However, it is often underutilized due to lack of physician experience and comfort as well as misconceptions regarding its safety and efficacy...
June 16, 2017: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617350/public-perceptions-of-service-dogs-emotional-support-dogs-and-therapy-dogs
#8
Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher, Peter Hellyer, Louana Cheung, Lori Kogan
As service dogs, emotional support dogs, and therapy dogs have become more prevalent in the USA, so too has the controversy surrounding their legitimacy. Yet, there is a lack of objective data regarding the public's understanding of the role played by each of these types of animals, as well as their perceptions regarding the legitimacy of their integration. An anonymous, online survey was distributed to examine the perceptions of US adults who do not own any type of assistance animal. A total of 505 individuals responded to the online survey, yielding 284 usable responses...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616831/invasive-prenatal-diagnostic-testing-recommendations-are-influenced-by-maternal-age-statistical-misconception-and-perceived-liability
#9
Talya Miron-Shatz, Sivan R Rapaport, Naama Srebnik, Yaniv Hanoch, Jonina Rabinowitz, Glen M Doniger, Linda Levi, Jonathan J Rolison, Avi Tsafrir
Funding policy and medico-legal climate are part of physicians' reality and might permeate clinical decisions. This study evaluates the influence of maternal age and government funding on obstetrician/gynecologist recommendation for invasive prenatal testing (i.e. amniocentesis) for Down syndrome (DS), and its association with the physician's assessment of the risk of liability for medical malpractice unless they recommend amniocentesis. Israeli physicians (N = 171) completed a questionnaire and provided amniocentesis recommendations for women at 18 weeks gestation with normal preliminary screening results, identical except aged 28 and 37...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615399/concussion-diagnosis-and-management-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-family-medicine-residents
#10
Aneetinder Mann, Charles H Tator, James D Carson
OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge of, attitudes toward, and learning needs for concussion diagnosis and management among family medicine residents. DESIGN: E-mail survey. SETTING: University of Toronto in Ontario. PARTICIPANTS: Family medicine residents (N = 348). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: To describe relationships between awareness of concussion management and lifestyle, education background, and residency placement, t tests and (2) tests were used as appropriate...
June 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607646/challenges-experienced-by-nurses-in-the-implementation-of-a-healthcare-reform-plan-in-iran
#11
Shahin Salarvand, Maryam Azizimalekabadi, Azadeh Akbari Jebeli, Mohamadreza Nazer
INTRODUCTION: The Healthcare Reform Plan is counted as a plan for improving healthcare services in Iran. Undoubtedly pros and cons can be seen either in plan or implementation. This study was conducted to describe nurses' challenges in implementing healthcare reform in Iran. METHODS: A qualitative method centered upon conventional content analysis was applied. We used purposive sampling and data saturation was obtained by 30 participants. Data were analyzed using MAXQDA software...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606818/investigating-unlicensed-retail-drug-vendors-preparedness-and-knowledge-about-malaria-an-exploratory-study-in-rural-uganda
#12
Eric Liow, Rosemin Kassam, Richard Sekiwunga
BACKGROUND: Despite major efforts to increase the uptake of preventive measures and timely use of the first line antimalarial treatment artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACT), Uganda continues to fall short of meeting its national malaria control targets. One of the challenges has been scaling up effective measures in rural and remote areas where the unlicensed private retail sector remains the first point of contact and a common source of treatment. The current paper discusses unlicensed vendors' (1) training related to malaria case management for children aged five and under, and (2) knowledge related to the cause of malaria, preventive measures, common signs, and symptoms, diagnostic procedures, and best treatment options...
June 9, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606153/pregnancy-risk-during-menstrual-cycle-misconceptions-among-urban-men-in-india
#13
Prashant Verma, Kaushalendra Kumar Singh, Anjali Singh
BACKGROUND: In India, where men take most decisions in the family, it is useful that they have adequate knowledge about pregnancy risks during women's menstrual cycles. Since traditional contraceptive methods are still employed by a large population in India, the knowledge regarding the pregnancy risk during the menstrual cycle is indispensable. This research paper attempts to assess the knowledge among urban men in Uttar Pradesh, India about the fertile window of the menstrual cycle; it also attempts to discover the rationales behind the misconceptions about the concept...
June 12, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605250/exercise-for-bone-in-childhood-hitting-the-sweet-spot
#14
Belinda R Beck
PURPOSE: The goal of the current work is to challenge the enduring notion that pre-puberty is the optimum timing for maximum bone response to exercise in childhood, and to present the evidence that early puberty is a more a potently receptive period. METHOD: The relevant literature is reviewed and the causes of the misconception addressed in detail. RESULTS: Contrary to prevailing opinion, ample evidence exists to suggest the peri-pubertal years represent the developmental period during which bone is likely to respond most robustly to exercise intervention...
June 12, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600605/-solitude-religious-and-cultural-uniqueness-in-a-foreign-environment-adjustments-as-an-arab-student-for-your-consideration-to-be-published-in-your-journal
#15
Hamzeh Y Abunab, Wireen Leila T Dator, Jordan T Salvador, Mary Grace C Lacanaria
Arab-Muslims have extremely religious-centered and restrictive cultural practices. Living in a foreign country where Islam is a minority religion and culture is categorically different entails a great deal of adjustment. This study explored how Arab-Muslim International Students live and cope in a non-Arab, non-Muslim country. The authors used phenomenological approach with Colaizzi's method of analysis to (1) explore the lived experience of the Arab students' academic and social life and (2) come up with recommendations that can be supported by universities in Philippines and other countries with Arab students...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593713/effectiveness-of-sleep-self-management-group-intervention-in-chinese-patients-with-insomnia-disorder
#16
HongJing Mao, JianLi Wu, You Xu, Yi Liu, XiangDong Tang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness of sleep self-management group intervention for insomnia disorder. DESIGN AND METHODS: One hundred four patients with insomnia disorder were recruited from The Seventh Hospital of Hangzhou, from February to November 2015. After completing the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Sleep Diary and Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep Scale (DBAS), they were randomly assigned into the intervention group (n = 52) and the control group (n = 52)...
June 7, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593690/stigma-experience-of-families-supporting-an-adult-member-with-substance-misuse
#17
Terence V McCann, Dan I Lubman
Stigmatization of families supporting an adult member with substance misuse is common and undermines their capacity to support the person and maintain their own well-being. The aims of the present study were to understand affected family members (AFMs)' experience of stigma within the context of substance misuse, and to explicate what steps, if any, they took to try to counteract stigma and social isolation. Semistructured, audio-recorded qualitative interviews were conducted with 31 AFMs from Victoria in Australia...
June 8, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593332/population-health-intervention-research-myths-and-misconceptions
#18
EDITORIAL
Janet Martin, Davy Cheng, Saverio Stranges
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590086/prevention-of-intestinal-parasites-in-a-tri-border-area-of-latin-america-children-perceptions-and-an-integral-health-education-strategy
#19
M R Rivero, M M Salas, R Valente, M J Nores, C De Angelo, J Arrabal, S Costa, O D Salomón
To investigate knowledge of school-aged children and their perception on intestinal parasites, and to assess knowledge reconstruction on prevention practices after specific training in the subject. We performed an activity package that included the analysis of children's drawings of intestinal parasites, and information and communication technologies (ITCs) to transfer knowledge about these pathogens and prevention measures. Retrieval learning activities were performed to fixation of general and specific prevention and control measures...
June 7, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582727/validation-of-the-chinese-version-of-public-attitudes-toward-epilepsy-scale-in-mainland-china
#20
Zongwei Yue, Chanthia Ma, Kheng-Seang Lim, Bo Xiao, Qian Wu, Yi Shu, Zhiping Yue, Yelan Wang, Li Feng
PURPOSE: Epilepsy is a significant yet seriously underappreciated public health issue in Mainland China. The stigma and discrimination toward people with epilepsy (PWE) and their families are especially severe in China based on cultural misconceptions which cause tremendous psychological, economic and social burdens. It is imperative to formulate a targeted public intervention to eliminate knowledge gaps and correct these misconceptions of epilepsy. However, to date, the essential tools that may drive such an intervention by measuring the public perspective on PWEs is lacking in China...
June 2, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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