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asthma and nutrition

Nina Holland
Environmental research and public health in the 21st century face serious challenges such as increased air pollution and global warming, widespread use of potentially harmful chemicals including pesticides, plasticizers, and other endocrine disruptors, and radical changes in nutrition and lifestyle typical of modern societies. In particular, exposure to environmental and occupational toxicants may contribute to the occurrence of adverse birth outcomes, neurodevelopmental deficits, and increased risk of cancer and other multifactorial diseases such as diabetes and asthma...
October 21, 2016: Reviews on Environmental Health
Deborah G Loman, Christina G Kwong, Lisa D Henry, Christina Mahl, Lisa Meadows, Alysa G Ellis
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between body mass index (BMI), gender, age, controller medication use, household smoke exposure, season, and allergic rhinitis status with asthma control in a group of lower income, African American children. We hypothesized that non-obese children would have better asthma control. METHODS: Baseline data from a longitudinal study of children in a school-based asthma program in a Midwest urban area were analyzed. 360 children, ages 4-15 years, who were enrolled in either the 2012-2013 or 2013-2014 program were included...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Ivy Shiue
There has been a growing interest in how the built environment affects health and well-being. Housing characteristics are associated with human health while environmental chemicals could have mediated the effects. However, it is unclear if and how residence duration might have a role in health and well-being. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the associations among residence duration, common chronic diseases, and cognitive function in older adults in a national and population-based setting...
October 18, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Patricia D Freitas, Palmira G Ferreira, Aline G Silva, Rafael Stelmach, Regina M Carvalho-Pinto, Frederico L A Fernandes, Marcio C Mancini, Maria N Sato, Milton A Martins, Celso R F Carvalho
RATIONALE: Clinical control is difficult to achieve in obese patients with asthma. Bariatric surgery has been recommended for weight-loss and to improve asthma control; however, the benefits of nonsurgical interventions have been poorly investigated. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of exercise training in a weight-loss program on asthma control, quality of life, inflammatory biomarkers and lung function. METHODS: Fifty-five obese patients with asthma were randomly assigned to either a weight-loss program + exercise (WL+E group, n=28) or a weight-loss program + sham (WL+S group, n=27) group, where the weight-loss program included nutrition (caloric restriction) and psychological therapies...
July 19, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Deepak Bhandari, John Russell Erskine Ruhl, Anthony John Murphy, Ernest McGahee, David Michael Chambers, Benjamin C Blount
Urinary diamines are biomarkers of diisocyanate exposure. Diisocyanates are considered as skin and respiratory sensitizers and are the most frequently reported cause of occupational asthma. Herein, we report on the development and validation of an ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method for the measurement of five aromatic diamines, 4,4'-methylenedianiline (MDA), 2,4-toluenediamine (4TDA), 2,6-toluenediamine (6TDA), 1,5-naphthalenediamine (NDA), and p-phenylenediamine (PPDA) in human urine...
October 1, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Tadahiro Goto, Carlos A Camargo, Kohei Hasegawa
PURPOSE: Recent studies propose TH2-mediated inflammation in patients with asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS). However, little is known about whether fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) differs between patients with ACOS and those with COPD alone. To address this knowledge gap, a nationally representative sample was analyzed to determine the difference in FeNO levels between patients with ACOS and those with COPD alone in the US population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2007 through 2012...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Miguel Germán Borda, Carlos Andrés Celis-Preciado, Mario Ulises Pérez-Zepeda, Julián David Ríos-Zuluaga, Carlos Alberto Cano-Gutiérrez
INTRODUCTION: It has been reported that sarcopenia frequently co-exists with COPD/asthma, and can significantly affect quality of life and the control of chronic diseases. The aim of this study is to describe the association between COPD/asthma and sarcopenia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data was used from the SABE-Bogotá study, which included 2,000 older adults aged 60 years or more. It is a cross-probabilistic cluster sample with 81.9% coverage. The dependent variable was COPD/asthma...
September 14, 2016: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
Hyeon-Kyoung Koo, Ina Jeong, Sei Won Lee, Jinkyeong Park, Joo-Hee Kim, So Young Park, Hye Yun Park, Chin Kook Rhee, Yee Hyung Kim, Ji Ye Jung, Sung-Kyoung Kim, Yong Hyun Kim, Eun Young Choi, Ji-Yong Moon, Jong-Wook Shin, Jin Woo Kim, Kyung Hoon Min, Sei Won Kim, Kwang Ha Yoo, Je Hyeong Kim, Seung Hun Jang, Hyoung Kyu Yoon, Hui Jung Kim, Ki-Suck Jung, Deog Kyeom Kim
Although chronic cough is very common, its prevalence and causes have been rarely reported in the large general population including smokers. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of possible causes of chronic cough and their clinical impact.From Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) data including 119,280 adults aged over 40 years, 302 individuals with chronic cough were recruited irrespective of smoking status. Data from questionnaire, laboratory tests including spirometry, chest radiographs, and otorhinolaryngologic examination were analyzed...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Rachel E Roditi, Stacey Ishman, Stella Lee, Sandra Lin, Jennifer J Shin
OBJECTIVES: Adherence to the allergic rhinitis clinical practice guideline is being considered as a potential focus for national performance metrics. To help inform this discussion, we assessed patient- and clinician-reported medication administration among nationally representative populations of patients with allergic rhinitis. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analyses. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Home health assessments, ambulatory visits. METHODS: Participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey / National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey were assessed...
August 30, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
E Ginter, V Simko
Epidemiology of bronchial asthma (BA) indicates a marked paradox: rapid rise in the prevalence.Simultaneous decline in mortality is mostly related to improvement in the diagnosis and therapy. In many economically developed countries the BA affects more than 10 per cent of the population, while mortality related to this respiratory disorder is below 1/100,000. Factors favorably influencing mortality of BA include new more effective medications, decline in smoking and also improved nutrition, based on awareness of protective role of vitamins...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Poonam Arora, S H Ansari, Abul Kalam Najmi, Varisha Anjum, Sayeed Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Fruits of Vitis vinifera L., commonly known as grapes, are largely consumed worldwide because of their high nutritional and medicinal benefits. CONTEXT AND PURPOSE: The present study investigated effects of V. vinifera fruits in ovalbumin-induced animal model of bronchial asthma. METHODS: Male wistar rats (except group 1) were sensitized with allergen (ovalbumin, 40 mg/rat + aluminum hydroxide, 2 mg/rat). Groups of sensitized animals were treated orally with either vehicle (0...
2016: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
Binh T Nguyen, Xuesong Han, Ahmedin Jemal, Jeffrey Drope
BACKGROUND: The Affordable Care Act (ACA) Medicaid expansion varies in availability across states. PURPOSE: We compared characteristics of low-income uninsured residents in both Medicaid nonexpanding and expanding states with respect to their dietary quality, health risk factors, and access to care. METHODS: Data from the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey was matched with the Kaiser Family Foundation Medicaid expansion data...
October 2016: Preventive Medicine
Andreina Bruno, Carina Gabriela Uasuf, Giuseppe Insalaco, Rocco Barazzoni, Antonella Ballacchino, Mark Gjomarkaj, Elisabetta Pace
Preservation of nutritional status and of fat-free mass (FFM) and/or preventing of fat mass (FM) accumulation have a positive impact on well-being and prognosis in asthma patients. Physical inactivity is identified by World Health Organization as the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality. Physical activity (PA) may contribute to limit FM accumulation, but little information is available on the interactions between habitual PA and body composition and their association with disease severity in asthma severity...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
K E Joung, H H Burris, L J Van Marter, T F McElrath, Z Michael, P Tabatabai, A A Litonjua, S T Weiss, H Christou
OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D deficiency is associated with asthma and reactive airway disease in childhood but its potential contribution to bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants is unknown. Preterm infants have lower levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) at birth and are at risk for nutritional deficiencies after birth. The objective of the study was to evaluate the association of 25(OH)D concentrations at birth and at 36 weeks' corrected gestational age with BPD in preterm infants born before 29 completed weeks of gestation...
October 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Pranjul Arora, Dhirender Kaushik
Benincasa cerifera (Savi.), belonging to Cucurbitaceae, is an annual creepy wine that posses highm edicinal value and istraditionally used as fruit and medicine throughout India. In Indian system of medicine, its fruit is used as nutritive, tonic, diuretic, aphrodisiac, styptic, vermifuge and in various diseases and disorders like asthma, bronchitis, insanity, epilepsy, dry cough, fever, urethrorrhea, syphilis, hyperdipsia and vitiated conditions of pitta, etc. Phytochemically the plant is found to contain lupeol, β-sitosterol, cucurbitacin B, iso-vitexin, etc...
July 28, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Jane E Gallagher, Adrien A Wilkie, Alissa Cordner, Edward E Hudgens, Andrew J Ghio, Rebecca J Birch, Timothy J Wade
BACKGROUND: Advocates for environmental justice, local, state, and national public health officials, exposure scientists, need broad-based health indices to identify vulnerable communities. Longitudinal studies show that perception of current health status predicts subsequent mortality, suggesting that self-reported health (SRH) may be useful in screening-level community assessments. This paper evaluates whether SRH is an appropriate surrogate indicator of health status by evaluating relationships between SRH and sociodemographic, lifestyle, and health care factors as well as serological indicators of nutrition, health risk, and environmental exposures...
2016: BMC Public Health
Mingming Sun, Wei Wu, Zhanju Liu, Yingzi Cong
Gut microbiota has been well recognized in regulation of intestinal homeostasis and pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases. However, the mechanisms involved are still not completely understood. Further, the components of the microbiota which are critically responsible for such effects are also largely unknown. Accumulating evidence suggests that, in addition to pathogen-associated molecular patterns, nutrition and bacterial metabolites might greatly impact the immune response in the gut and beyond. Short chain fatty acids (SCFA), which are metabolized by gut bacteria from otherwise indigestible fiber-rich diets, have been shown to ameliorate diseases in animal models of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) and allergic asthma...
July 23, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology
Richard I Lowensohn, Diane D Stadler, Christie Naze
BACKGROUND: A nutrient-rich maternal diet before and during pregnancy is associated with improved fetal health, more appropriate birth weight, and increased rates of maternal and infant survival. Physicians need a better understanding of the role of diet in shaping fetal outcomes. Given this background, we reviewed and summarized articles on maternal nutrition found in MEDLINE since 1981, written in English, and limited to human subjects. FOR THE OFFSPRING: Maternal diets high in sugar and fat lead to an increased incidence of metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease later in life...
August 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
Anna Lis-Święty, Dorota Milewska-Wróbel, Irmina Janicka
The paper refers to the recently published empirical data and systematic reviews on the impact of diets, foods, nutrients and bioactive substance exposures in pregnancy and in early infancy, on the development of atopic disorders. The results of studies referring to a broad range on dietary factors are mostly conflicting. There are several limitations of these researches. Based on the existing information, it is not possible to establish the role of antioxidants and vitamin D supplementation in atopic disease development...
January 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
Sebastiano Guarnaccia, Charvonne N Holliday, Emanuele D'Agata, Ada Pluda, Gaia Pecorelli, Valeria Gretter, Susanna Facchetti, Richard A Bilonick, Matthew G Masiello, Edmund Ricci
BACKGROUND: Asthma is the leading chronic condition among children. Given this international burden, clinicians and public health professionals applied the Expanded Chronic Care Model to address health adversities of pediatric patients with asthma. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the influence of a clinical health promotion initiative on asthma control and appropriate medication management among pediatric patients. METHODS: Patients (n = 304) were recruited and screened for participation in this study...
July 2016: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
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