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asthma and nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315741/association-between-allergic-diseases-and-ophthalmologic-diseases-including-cataracts-and-glaucoma-using-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-2012-a-strobe-compliant-article
#1
Young Bok Lee, Ji Hyun Lee, Min Ji Kang, Jin Young Choi, Jin-Wou Kim, Dong Soo Yu, Kyung Do Han, Yong Gyu Park
This study investigated the association between allergic diseases and comorbid ophthalmologic diseases. We enrolled 14 776 participants who were at least 19 years of age. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the odds ratios for cataracts and glaucoma according to the presence of allergic diseases. Atopic dermatitis was not associated with the development of cataracts and glaucoma. However, asthma and allergic rhinitis were significantly associated with cataracts (hazard ratio [HR] = 1...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284021/temporal-trends-in-educational-inequalities-in-non-communicable-diseases-in-korea-2007-2015
#2
Gyu Ri Kim, Chung Mo Nam
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic inequalities in non-communicable diseases are known to exist; however there is a paucity of research describing the secular trends in these inequalities. To this end, the current study aims to explore the recent time trends in social patterning of selected non-communicable diseases among Korean adults between 2007 and 2015. METHODS: Using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), temporal trends in socioeconomic inequalities in diabetes, arthritis, asthma and depressive symptoms were assessed across three time points...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277065/endotoxin-predictors-and-associated-respiratory-outcomes-differ-with-climate-regions-in-the-u-s
#3
Angelico Mendy, Jesse Wilkerson, Pӓivi M Salo, Richard D Cohn, Darryl C Zeldin, Peter S Thorne
RATIONALE: Although endotoxin is a recognized cause of environmental lung disease, how its relationship with respiratory outcomes varies with climate is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine the endotoxin predictors as well as endotoxin association with asthma, wheeze, and sensitization to inhalant allergens in various US climate regions. METHODS: We analyzed data on 6963 participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Endotoxin measurements of house dust from bedroom floor and bedding were performed at the University of Iowa...
December 22, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275950/sexual-orientation-measurement-and-chronic-disease-disparities-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2009-2014
#4
Joanne G Patterson, Jennifer M Jabson
PURPOSE: To examine chronic disease disparities by sexual orientation measurement among sexual minorities. METHODS: We pooled data from the 2009-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to examine differences in chronic disease prevalence between heterosexual and sexual minority people as defined by sexual identity, lifetime sexual behavior, 12-month sexual behavior, and concordance of lifetime sexual behavior and sexual identity. RESULTS: Self-identified lesbian women reported greater odds of asthma (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 3...
December 8, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227024/blood-biomarkers-as-predictors-of-long-term-mortality-in-copd
#5
Angelico Mendy, Erick Forno, Theophile Niyonsenga, Janvier Gasana
BACKGROUND: Blood biomarkers are easily accessible and might reflect chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) activity. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether a panel of blood biomarkers [C-reactive protein (CRP), neutrophils, eosinophils, albumin and vitamin D] could predict mortality in COPD. METHODS: We analyzed data from 431 COPD participants to the 2007-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys who were followed for a median time of 36 months...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206649/the-importance-of-the-microbiome-in-pediatrics-and-pediatric-infectious-diseases
#6
Thaidra Gaufin, Nicole H Tobin, Grace M Aldrovandi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Emerging research on the pediatric microbiome implicates the importance of the microbiome on the development of the immune system, nervous system, and growth. Changes to the microbiome during infancy are associated with the development of chronic illnesses such as asthma and inflammatory bowel disease. Additionally, the microbiome provides protection against certain pathogens, affects vaccine responses, and alters drug metabolism. This review highlights what is known about the microbiome, the establishment of a healthy microbiome and the significance that changes to the microbiome composition have on growth and health of children and adolescents...
December 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198093/-strenuous-and-prolonged-exercise-and-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-treatment-or-threat
#7
REVIEW
Danit Atias-Varon, Yuval Heled
Prolonged and strenuous exercise may lead to changes in the immune system function and to temporary suppression in defense against pathogens. These changes likely increase the risk of those engaging in prolonged and strenuous physical activity to develop upper respiratory tract infection and to reduce the level of performance. On the other hand, it appears that moderate physical activity reduces the risk of upper respiratory tract infection. Various populations, such as professional athletes and soldiers in combat units, who engage in daily strenuous exercise, may therefore be a high risk group...
November 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173443/omalizumab-treatment-for-allergic-bronchopulmonary-aspergillosis-in-young-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#8
Caroline Perisson, Leila Destruys, Dominique Grenet, Laurence Bassinet, Jocelyne Derelle, Isabelle Sermet-Gaudelus, Caroline Thumerelle, Anne Prevotat, Vincent Rosner, Annick Clement, Harriet Corvol
BACKGROUND: Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a severe lung disease complication caused by an Aspergillus fumigatus-induced hypersensitivity that affects 2-15% of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). The mainstay treatment consists of a combination of corticosteroids and antifungals. However, repeated or long-term corticosteroid therapies can lead to serious side effects. The monoclonal anti-IgE antibody, omalizumab, has demonstrated its efficacy in allergic asthma. As ABPA results from a hypersensitivity to a specific allergen, omalizumab might benefit CF patients with ABPA...
December 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168465/investigation-of-the-risk-factors-for-pulmonary-tuberculosis-a-case-control-study-among-saharia-tribe-in-gwalior-district-madhya-pradesh-india
#9
Jyothi Bhat, V G Rao, R K Sharma, M Muniyandi, Rajiv Yadav, M K Bhondley
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is known to be high in the indigenous tribal community Saharia in Madhya Pradesh, India. The risk factors for PTB are not well known among them. This study was done to determine various risk factors associated with PTB in the indigenous community Saharia. METHODS: A prevalence survey was conducted among Saharias of Gwalior district of Madhya Pradesh. The population surveyed was 12,123 which was the source of cases and controls for the present study...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164314/cross-national-gender-variations-of-digit-ratio-2d-4d-correlate-with-life-expectancy-suicide-rate-and-other-causes-of-death
#10
Bernd Lenz, Johannes Kornhuber
The second-to-fourth finger length ratio (2D:4D) is an indication of prenatal sex hormone exposure, and has sex-specifically been associated with several lethal illnesses including ischemic heart disease, diverse cancers, and suicide. Our primary aim was to verify that 2D:4D sex-specifically relates to life expectancy and suicide numbers on a national level (23 countries). We also used a hypothesis-free approach to investigate associations with other causes of death [p value adjustment for multiple hypothesis testing using the false discovery rate procedure (FDR)]...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156933/-prevention-of-obesity-from-perinatal-stage
#11
Rosa Mª Martínez García, Ana Isabel Jiménez Ortega, Heldry González Torres, Rosa María Ortega
Obesity is one of the major health problems and a determining factor in the prevalence of diseases such as metabolic syndrome, asthma, sleep apnea, infertility and various types of cancer. Its origin is multifactorial, involving genetic, socioeconomic and environmental factors. These last ones contribute mostly to explain the current epidemic growth of this disease. The sedentary lifestyle, inadequate diet, lack of sleep, alterations in intestinal microbiota and stress are factors related to its development...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144884/adiposity-and-asthma-in-a-nationwide-study-of-children-and-adults-in-the-united-states
#12
Erick Forno, Yueh-Ying Han, Ingrid M Libman, Radhika H Muzumdar, Juan C Celedón
RATIONALE: While obesity has been associated with asthma, body mass index (BMI) is suboptimal to fully characterize adiposity. OBJECTIVES: We examined the relation between adiposity and asthma in a large sample of the U.S. population, using indices defined by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). METHODS: We analyzed data from 8,886 children (aged 8-19 years) and 12,795 adults (aged 20-69 years) from the 2001-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
November 16, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142269/sex-specific-association-between-asthma-and-hypertension-in-nationally-representative-young-korean-adults
#13
Hong Seok Lee, Yong-Moon Park, Kyungdo Han, Gerald Pekler, Seong-Su Lee, Soonjib Yoo, Sung Rae Kim
It has been reported that people with asthma have an increased risk of hypertension. However, little is known about the specific relationship between asthma and hypertension in young adults. Among subjects who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2008-2013, a total of 10,138 young adults (4,226 men and 5,912 women) aged 19-39 years were analyzed. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130640/asthma-prevalence-trends-by-weight-status-among-us-children-aged-2-19%C3%A2-years-1988-2014
#14
L J Akinbami, L M Rossen, T H I Fakhouri, C D Fryar
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for asthma. However, it is unclear if increased obesity prevalence contributed to rising childhood asthma prevalence. OBJECTIVE: To assess if population-level changes in weight status impacted asthma prevalence over time. METHODS: Using nationally representative 1988-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data for 40 644 children aged 2-19 years, we analyzed asthma trends by weight status (body mass index age-specific percentiles determined using measured weight and height)...
November 12, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118577/associations-between-occupational-inhalation-risks-and-feno-levels-in-airway-obstruction-patients-results-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2012
#15
Yi-Chih Huang, Mei-Chen Yang
Purpose: To investigate associations between occupational inhalation risks and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) levels in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Patients and methods: Data of 16,486 subjects who had undergone spirometry with pre-bronchodilator and post-bronchodilator lung function assessment were retrieved from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2007-2012 database. After excluding 2,638 subjects with missing spirometry values, data of 13,336 subjects were included for analysis...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083070/breastfeeding-and-autoimmunity-programing-health-from-the-beginning
#16
REVIEW
Vânia Vieira Borba, Kassem Sharif, Yehuda Shoenfeld
Breast milk is not only a completely adapted nutrition source for the newborn but also an impressive array of immune-active molecules that afford protection against infections and shape mucosal immune responses. Decisive imprinting events might be modulated during the first months of life with potential health long-term effects, enhancing the importance of breastfeeding as a major influence on the immune system correct development and modifying disease susceptibility. The aim of this review was to clarify the link between breastfeeding and autoimmune diseases, inquiring the related mechanisms, based on data available in the literature...
October 30, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062316/preterm-birth-affects-the-risk-of-developing-immune-mediated-diseases
#17
Sybelle Goedicke-Fritz, Christoph Härtel, Gabriela Krasteva-Christ, Matthias V Kopp, Sascha Meyer, Michael Zemlin
Prematurity affects approximately 10% of all children, resulting in drastically altered antigen exposure due to premature confrontation with microbes, nutritional antigens, and other environmental factors. During the last trimester of pregnancy, the fetal immune system adapts to tolerate maternal and self-antigens, while also preparing for postnatal immune defense by acquiring passive immunity from the mother. Since the perinatal period is regarded as the most important "window of opportunity" for imprinting metabolism and immunity, preterm birth may have long-term consequences for the development of immune-mediated diseases...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056079/alcohol-consumption-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-five-population-based-studies
#18
Sebastian E Baumeister, Jonas D Finger, Sven Gläser, Marcus Dörr, Marcello Rp Markus, Ralf Ewert, Stephan B Felix, Hans-Jörgen Grabe, Martin Bahls, Gert Bm Mensink, Henry Völzke, Katharina Piontek, Michael F Leitzmann
Background Poor cardiorespiratory fitness is a risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity. Alcohol consumption contributes substantially to the burden of disease, but its association with cardiorespiratory fitness is not well described. We examined associations between average alcohol consumption, heavy episodic drinking and cardiorespiratory fitness. Design The design of this study was as a cross-sectional population-based random sample. Methods We analysed data from five independent population-based studies (Study of Health in Pomerania (2008-2012); German Health Interview and Examination Survey (2008-2011); US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2000; NHANES 2001-2002; NHANES 2003-2004) including 7358 men and women aged 20-85 years, free of lung disease or asthma...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046036/-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-and-subcutaneous-emphysema-associated-with-bronchospasm-in-a-woman-with-no-history-of-asthma
#19
Tonatiuh Ramses Bedolla-Pulido, Martín Bedolla-Barajas
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous pneumomediastinum most relevant triggering events are cough, vomiting, nutritional problems, physical activity and use of inhaled drugs. Association of spontaneous pneumomediastinum with non-asthma-related bronchospasm is an infrequent event. CLINICAL CASE: This is the case of a 21-year-old woman without personal or family history of asthma, allergic rhinitis or atopy who during late puerperium had 39 °C fever, paroxysmal cough and chest oppression of sudden onset, as well as wheezing and subcutaneous emphysema of the neck; she had no previous nasal symptoms...
July 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043487/the-differences-in-spirometry-predictive-equations-in-classifying-presence-and-degree-of-lung-function-impairment-which-suit-fits-the-best
#20
Marija Vukoja, Aleksandar Bokan, Gordana Vujasinovic, Ivan Kopitovic
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the differences between three most commonly used predictive equations (PE): ECCS (European Community of Coal and Steel), the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), and GLI (Global Lung Initiative) in healthy individuals and when grading severity of lung function impairment in patients with obstructive lung diseases. METHODS: The study included 200 healthy volunteers and 200 patients with obstructive lung diseases at the Institute for Pulmonary Diseases of Vojvodina...
October 17, 2017: Lung
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