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asthma and nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767222/mortality-in-asthma-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-overlap-in-the-united-states
#1
Suchit Kumbhare, Charlie Strange
OBJECTIVES: Asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap (ACO) is recognized increasingly as a distinct clinical entity and is associated with higher comorbidities compared with patients with asthma and COPD alone. Little is known about the leading causes of death related to ACO in the US general population, however. Our aim was to define the causes of mortality among patients with ACO compared with asthma and COPD in the US population. METHODS: We examined questions using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III database linked to the National Death Index...
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756983/-endocrine-disruptors-in-artificial-nutrition
#2
Maria B Badia Tahull, Elisabet Leiva Badosa, Montserrat Colls González, Josep Llop Talaverón
Phthalates are chemical compounds classified as endocrine disruptors which are present in practically every environment of daily life. In the field of artificial nutrition, they are relevant because they are found as plasticizers in infusion lines made with PVC. They are lipophilic molecules which weakly pair with PVC and, therefore, they are easily extracted by the fatty compounds that are part of both the parenteral and enteral nutrition, as various studies show. As endocrine disruptors, they directly affect the reproductive organs because of their antiandrogenic and estrogenic effects...
February 27, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755730/having-concomitant-asthma-phenotypes-is-common-and-independently-relates-to-poor-lung-function-in-nhanes-2007-2012
#3
Rita Amaral, João A Fonseca, Tiago Jacinto, Ana M Pereira, Andrei Malinovschi, Christer Janson, Kjell Alving
Background: Evidence for distinct asthma phenotypes and their overlap is becoming increasingly relevant to identify personalized and targeted therapeutic strategies. In this study, we aimed to describe the overlap of five commonly reported asthma phenotypes in US adults with current asthma and assess its association with asthma outcomes. Methods: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) 2007-2012 were used (n = 30,442). Adults with current asthma were selected...
2018: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745041/cluster-analysis-of-multiple-chronic-conditions-associated-with-urinary-incontinence-among-women-in-the-usa
#4
Alayne D Markland, Camille P Vaughan, Ike S Okosun, Patricia S Goode, Kathryn L Burgio, Theodore M Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To identify patterns of prevalent chronic medical conditions among women with urinary incontinence (UI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We combined cross-sectional data from the 2005-2006 to 2011-2012 US National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, and identified 3 800 women with UI and data on 12 chronic conditions. Types of UI included stress UI (SUI), urgency UI (UUI), and mixed stress and urgency UI (MUI). We categorized UI as mild, moderate or severe using validated measures...
May 9, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718268/health-conditions-functional-status-and-health-care-utilization-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#5
Robert J Fortuna, Ashley Holub, Margaret A Turk, Jon Meccarello, Philip W Davidson
Aim: Health conditions in children with cerebral palsy (CP) are well described, yet health is less defined with advancing age. We examined health conditions, functional status and health care utilization in adults with CP across age groups. Methods: We collected cross-sectional data on health conditions, functional status and utilization from the medical records of adults with CP across a large university-affiliated primary care network using the Rochester Health Status Survey IV (RHSS-IV), a 58-item validated survey...
April 27, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716592/pollution-and-respiratory-disease-can-diet-or-supplements-help-a-review
#6
REVIEW
T Whyand, J R Hurst, M Beckles, M E Caplin
Pollution is known to cause and exacerbate a number of chronic respiratory diseases. The World Health Organisation has placed air pollution as the world's largest environmental health risk factor. There has been recent publicity about the role for diet and anti-oxidants in mitigating the effects of pollution, and this review assesses the evidence for alterations in diet, including vitamin supplementation in abrogating the effects of pollution on asthma and other chronic respiratory diseases. We found evidence to suggest that carotenoids, vitamin D and vitamin E help protect against pollution damage which can trigger asthma, COPD and lung cancer initiation...
May 2, 2018: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713158/heterogeneity-of-asthma-and-copd-overlap
#7
Min-Hye Kim, Chin Kook Rhee, Kyungjoo Kim, Sang Hyun Kim, Jung Yeon Lee, Yee Hyung Kim, Kwang Ha Yoo, Young-Joo Cho, Ki-Suck Jung, Jin Hwa Lee
Background: Asthma and COPD are heterogeneous diseases. Patients with both disease features (asthma-COPD overlap [ACO]) are common. However, clinical characteristics and socio-economic burden of ACO are still controversial. The aim of this study was to identify the heterogeneity of ACO and to find out the subtypes with clinical impact among ACO subtypes. Methods: In the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) conducted between 2007 and 2012, subjects who were ≥40 years and had prebronchodilator FEV1 /FVC <0...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684578/exposure-and-sensitization-to-pets-modify-endotoxin-association-with-asthma-and-wheeze
#8
Angelico Mendy, Jesse Wilkerson, Pӓivi M Salo, Richard D Cohn, Darryl C Zeldin, Peter S Thorne
BACKGROUND: Pets are major contributors of endotoxin in homes, but whether they influence endotoxin association with respiratory outcomes is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether exposure and sensitization to dog and cat modify the relationship between endotoxin exposure and asthma and wheeze. METHODS: We analyzed data from 6,051 participants in the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). House dust from bedroom floor and bedding was evaluated for endotoxin and for dog (Canis familiaris 1) and cat (Feline domesticus 1) allergens...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676072/current-management-of-moderate-to-severe-atopic-dermatitis-a-survey-of-allergists-pediatric-allergists-and-dermatologists-in-korea
#9
Hye Yung Yum, Hyun Hee Kim, Hyun Jung Kim, Woo Kyung Kim, So Yeon Lee, Kapsok Li, Dong Hun Lee
PURPOSE: There is an unmet need for the treatment of moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD), leading to variation in management strategies. To investigate distinct features and treatment modalities according to physicians' specialties, we collected data on the current treatment approach to moderate-to-severe AD among allergists, pediatric allergists and dermatologists in Korea. METHODS: This questionnaire-based study was administered to physicians from the Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology (KAAACI), Korean Academy of Pediatric Allergy and Respiratory Disease (KAPARD), and Korean Atopic Dermatitis Association (KADA)...
May 2018: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669409/the-prevalence-of-chronic-physical-diseases-comorbid-with-depression-among-different-sex-and-age-groups-in-south-korea-a-population-based-study-2007-2014
#10
Se Jin Park, Seungyeon Hong, Hyesue Jang, Jung Won Jang, Boram Yuk, Chul Eung Kim, Subin Park
OBJECTIVE: People with depression often suffer from comorbid, chronic physical diseases. Little is known about how demographic characteristics such as age and sex influence the prevalence of chronic physical diseases comorbid with depression. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the age and sex differences in the prevalence of diverse, chronic physical diseases comorbid with depression. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey were conducted with the participants (n=45,598) of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)...
April 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623708/-gut-microbiota-its-development-and-relation-to-certain-diseases
#11
Hana Kiňová Sepová, Boris Dudík, Andrea Bilková
Coexistence of humans with microorganisms is well known for a long time. Besides the association with infectious diseases, personal microbiota is important for human health, possibly for some non-infectious diseases. Colonization of the human body with appropriate microorganisms after delivery is essential for physiological immune system maturation and also has an influence on central nervous system development. The composition of the gut microbiota is affected by the mode of delivery, early life nutrition and last but not least by lifestyle and drug, especially antibiotics intake...
2018: Ceská a Slovenská Farmacie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600639/-application-of-dna-molecular-marker-technologies-in-study-of-medicinal-physalis-species
#12
REVIEW
Shang-Guo Feng, Yu-Jia Zhu, Kai-Li Jiao, Chen-Jia Shen, Qi-Cai Ying, Hui-Zhong Wang
As traditional Chinese medicinal herbs, Physalis plants have a variety of pharmacological activities, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and anti-cancer effects, and have been used for the treatment of malaria, rheumatism, hepatitis, asthma, and cancer. In addition to the medicinal value, many Physalis species are also the high-grade nutrition health care fruits, can be made canned and candied etc. In the study, the application progress of DNA molecular marker technologies in medicinal Physalis plants in recent years was reviewed, in order to provide an important molecular technical basis for the identification, classification and rational development and protection of medicinal Physalis resources...
February 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587887/excess-free-fructose-high-fructose-corn-syrup-and-adult-asthma-the-framingham-offspring-cohort
#13
Luanne R DeChristopher, Katherine L Tucker
There is growing evidence that intakes of high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS), HFCS-sweetened soda, fruit drinks and apple juice - a high-fructose 100 % juice - are associated with asthma, possibly because of the high fructose:glucose ratios and underlying fructose malabsorption, which may contribute to enteral formation of pro-inflammatory advanced glycation end products, which bind receptors that are mediators of asthma. Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess associations between intakes of these beverages and asthma risk, with data from the Framingham Offspring Cohort...
March 28, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587831/childhood-fish-oil-supplementation-modifies-associations-between-traffic-related-air-pollution-and-allergic-sensitisation
#14
Anna L Hansell, Ioannis Bakolis, Christine T Cowie, Elena G Belousova, Kitty Ng, Christina Weber-Chrysochoou, Warwick J Britton, Stephen R Leeder, Euan R Tovey, Karen L Webb, Brett G Toelle, Guy B Marks
BACKGROUND: Studies of potential adverse effects of traffic related air pollution (TRAP) on allergic disease have had mixed findings. Nutritional studies to examine whether fish oil supplementation may protect against development of allergic disease through their anti-inflammatory actions have also had mixed findings. Extremely few studies to date have considered whether air pollution and dietary factors such as fish oil intake may interact, which was the rationale for this study. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of the Childhood Asthma Prevention Study (CAPS) birth cohort, where children were randomised to fish oil supplementation or placebo from early life to age 5 years...
March 27, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584874/secondhand-smoke-exposure-among-high-risk-patients-in-the-u-s-nhanes-2001-2012-implications-for-clinical-practice
#15
Tahgrid Asfar, Tulay Koru-Sengul, Estefania C Ruano-Herreria, Danielle Sierra, David J Lee, Kristopher L Arheart
Introduction: Patients with cancer, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and respiratory disease are susceptible to health consequences related to secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. The current study examined the prevalence, time-trends and correlates of SHS exposure among these patients compared to individuals without these diseases (control). Methods: Data were obtained from the 2001-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. All adults (>20 years old), who were nonsmokers and exposed to SHS (serum cotinine level 0...
March 23, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575336/simultaneously-elevated-feno-and-blood-eosinophils-relate-to-asthma-morbidity-in-asthmatics-from-nhanes-2007-12
#16
Ida Mogensen, Kjell Alving, Tiago Jacinto, João A Fonseca, Christer Janson, Andrei Malinovschi
BACKGROUND: Fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) and blood eosinophil (B-Eos) count are biomarkers for type 2 inflammation. However, they signal different inflammatory pathways. Simultaneously elevated, they are related to more asthma events in a general population and among younger asthmatics. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if simultaneously elevated FeNO and B-Eos relate to asthma outcomes and lung function among subjects with asthma at a wide age span, and how different cut offs for the markers affect these relations...
March 25, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571538/efficacy-of-an-exercise-intervention-among-children-with-comorbid-asthma-and-obesity
#17
J A Lucas, S Moonie, M B Hogan, W N Evans
OBJECTIVES: Children with comorbid asthma and obesity present with more severe and harder-to-control disease than asthmatic children at healthy weight. Weight loss has been shown to improve asthma symptoms, yet physical activity may be difficult due to exercise-induced bronchospasm. Children with asthma have lower exercise rates than non-asthmatics. The objective of this study was to retrospectively evaluate attrition rates and program outcome measures (Body Mass Index [BMI] and maximum oxygen consumption [VO2 max]) among asthmatic and non-asthmatic participants...
March 21, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459789/retrospective-observational-cohort-study-regarding-the-effect-of-breastfeeding-on-challenge-proven-food-allergy
#18
C D van Ginkel, G N van der Meulen, E Bak, B M J Flokstra-de Blok, B J Kollen, G H Koppelman, A E J Dubois
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Human breast milk is generally regarded as the best nutrition for infants in their first months of life. Whether breastfeeding has a protective effect on food allergy is a point of debate and the subject of this study. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted in 649 children who underwent a double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) as part of routine care in a tertiary care clinic. Food allergy was defined as having at least one positive DBPCFC to any food...
April 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432969/age-related-prevalence-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis-and-nasal-polyps-and-their-relationships-with-asthma-onset
#19
Ha-Kyeong Won, Young-Chan Kim, Min-Gyu Kang, Han-Ki Park, Seung-Eun Lee, Min-Hye Kim, Min-Suk Yang, Yoon-Seok Chang, Sang-Heon Cho, Woo-Jung Song
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a major disease condition with high morbidity and can influence lower airway disease status in adults. However, its associations with adult asthma onset and activity have not been examined in detail in a general adult population. OBJECTIVE: To investigate relationships between CRS with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) and asthma characteristics. METHODS: A cross-sectional data set of 17,506 adult participants (≥18 years old) in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2010 through 2012 was analyzed...
April 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432326/exercise-improves-physical-activity-and-comorbidities-in-obese-adults-with-asthma
#20
Patrícia Duarte Freitas, Aline Grandi Silva, Palmira Gabriele Ferreira, Analuci da Silva, João Marcos Salge, Regina Maria Carvalho-Pinto, Alberto Cukier, Claudia M Brito, Marcio C Mancini, Celso R F Carvalho
INTRODUCTION: Obese adults with asthma have an increased number of comorbidities and reduced daily life physical activity (DLPA), which may worsen asthma symptoms. Exercise is recommended to improve asthma outcomes; however, the benefits of exercise for psychosocial comorbidities and physical activity levels in obese adults with asthma have been poorly investigated. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of exercise on DLPA, asthma symptoms and psychosocial comorbidities in obese adults with asthma...
February 9, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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