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Zebrafish neurodegenerative

Sanjay Kisan Metkar, Agnishwar Girigoswami, Ramachandran Murugesan, Koyeli Girigoswami
A transition of amyloidogenic protein by alternative folding pathway under certain conditions leads to the formation of protease resistant amyloid fibrils, having predominantly cross β structure. These amyloids are related to various neurodegenerative diseases and clearance of such amyloids may be a therapeutic approach for amyloid-related diseases. Insulin, that can form amyloids, is widely used as a model amyloidogenic protein for the study of various amyloid related diseases. In this study, insulin amyloids were formed in vitro and the potential of Serratiopeptidase (SP), a fibrinolytic-like serine protease, towards the dissociation of insulin amyloids was explored...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Chien-Wei Feng, Han-Chun Hung, Shi-Ying Huang, Chun-Hong Chen, Yun-Ru Chen, Chun-Yu Chen, San-Nan Yang, Hui-Min David Wang, Ping-Jyun Sung, Jyh-Horng Sheu, Kuan-Hao Tsui, Wu-Fu Chen, Zhi-Hong Wen
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by tremor, rigidity, bradykinesia, and gait impairment. In a previous study, we found that the marine-derived compound 11-dehydrosinulariolide (11-de) upregulates the Akt/PI3K pathway to protect cells against 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-mediated damage. In the present study, SH-SY5Y, zebrafish and rats were used to examine the therapeutic effect of 11-de. The results revealed the mechanism by which 11-de exerts its therapeutic effect: the compound increases cytosolic or mitochondrial DJ-1 expression, and then activates the downstream Akt/PI3K, p-CREB, and Nrf2/HO-1 pathways...
October 17, 2016: Marine Drugs
Nynke Oosterhof, Inge R Holtman, Laura E Kuil, Herma C van der Linde, Erik W G M Boddeke, Bart J L Eggen, Tjakko J van Ham
Microglia are brain resident macrophages important for brain development, connectivity, homeostasis and disease. However, it is still largely unclear how microglia functions and their identity are regulated at the molecular level. Although recent transcriptomic studies have identified genes specifically expressed in microglia, the function of most of these genes in microglia is still unknown. Here, we performed RNA sequencing on microglia acutely isolated from healthy and neurodegenerative zebrafish brains...
October 19, 2016: Glia
José Luis Albasanz, Soraya Santana, Fernando Guzman-Sanchez, David Agustín León, Javier S Burgos, Mairena Martin
Due to phylogenetic proximity to the human, zebrafish has been recognized as a reliable model to study Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other central nervous system disorders. Furthermore, metabotropic glutamate receptors have been previously reported to be impaired in brain from AD patients. Metabotropic glutamate 5 (mGlu5) receptors are G-protein coupled receptors proposed as potential targets for therapy of different neurodegenerative disorders. Thus, MPEP (2-Methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)pyridine hydrochloride), a selective non-competitive mGlu5 receptors antagonist, has been suggested for pharmacological treatment of AD...
September 16, 2016: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Emily K Don, Isabel Formella, Andrew P Badrock, Thomas E Hall, Marco Morsch, Elinor Hortle, Alison Hogan, Sharron Chow, Serene S L Gwee, Jack J Stoddart, Garth Nicholson, Roger Chung, Nicholas J Cole
Currently there is a lack in fundamental understanding of disease progression of most neurodegenerative diseases, and, therefore, treatments and preventative measures are limited. Consequently, there is a great need for adaptable, yet robust model systems to both investigate elementary disease mechanisms and discover effective therapeutics. We have generated a Tol2 Gateway-compatible toolbox to study neurodegenerative disorders in zebrafish, which includes promoters for astrocytes, microglia and motor neurons, multiple fluorophores, and compatibility for the introduction of genes of interest or disease-linked genes...
September 15, 2016: Zebrafish
Jijun Wan, Janos Steffen, Michael Yourshaw, Hafsa Mamsa, Erik Andersen, Sabine Rudnik-Schöneborn, Kate Pope, Katherine B Howell, Catriona A McLean, Andrew J Kornberg, Jörg Joseph, Paul J Lockhart, Klaus Zerres, Monique M Ryan, Stanley F Nelson, Carla M Koehler, Joanna C Jen
Disturbed mitochondrial fusion and fission have been linked to various neurodegenerative disorders. In siblings from two unrelated families who died soon after birth with a profound neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by pontocerebellar hypoplasia and apnoea, we discovered a missense mutation and an exonic deletion in the SLC25A46 gene encoding a mitochondrial protein recently implicated in optic atrophy spectrum disorder. We performed functional studies that confirmed the mitochondrial localization and pro-fission properties of SLC25A46...
August 20, 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Jinyoung Lee, Samuel M Peterson, Jennifer L Freeman
Developmental lead (Pb) exposure is suggested in laboratory studies to be a trigger for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Sortilin-related receptor, L (DLR class) A repeats-containing (SORL1) is a recently identified AD genetic risk factor. SORL1 has limited characterization in vertebrate models in comparison to other AD genetic risk factors. To characterize SORL1 further, protein sequence homology between humans, mice and zebrafish was analyzed and showed conservation of functional repeats and domain orientation...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
Gizem Tincer, Violeta Mashkaryan, Prabesh Bhattarai, Caghan Kizil
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most prevalent neurodegenerative disease and a worldwide health challenge. Different therapeutic approaches are being developed to reverse or slow the loss of affected neurons. Another plausible therapeutic way that may complement the studies is to increase the survival of existing neurons by mobilizing the existing neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) - i.e. "induce their plasticity" - to regenerate lost neurons despite the existing pathology and unfavorable environment. However, there is controversy about how NSPCs are affected by the unfavorable toxic environment during AD...
March 2016: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
Ayca Arslan-Ergul, Begun Erbaba, Elif Tugce Karoglu, Dilara Ozge Halim, Michelle Adams
Brain aging is marked by a decline in cognitive abilities and associated with neurodegenerative disorders. Recent studies have shown, neurogenesis continues into adulthood but is known to be decreasing during advancing age and these changes may contribute to cognitive changes. Advances, which aim to promote better aging are of paramount importance. Dietary restriction (DR) is the only non-genetic intervention that reliably extends life- and health-span. Mechanisms of how and why DR and age affect neurogenesis are not well-understood, and have not been utilized much in the zebrafish, which has become a popular model to study brain aging and neurodegenerative disease due to widely available genetic tools...
July 28, 2016: Neuroscience
Alexander McGown, Dame Pamela J Shaw, Tennore Ramesh
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a lethal neurodegenerative disease with death on average within 2-3 years of symptom onset. Mutations in superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) have been identified to cause ALS. Riluzole, the only neuroprotective drug for ALS provides life extension of only 3 months on average. Thishighlights the need for compound screening in disease models to identify new neuroprotective therapies for this disease. Zebrafish is an emerging model system that is well suited for the study of diseasepathophysiology and also for high throughput (HT) drug screening...
2016: Molecular Neurodegeneration
Robert A Kozol, Alexander J Abrams, David M James, Elena Buglo, Qing Yan, Julia E Dallman
Zebrafish are a unique cell to behavior model for studying the basic biology of human inherited neurological conditions. Conserved vertebrate genetics and optical transparency provide in vivo access to the developing nervous system as well as high-throughput approaches for drug screens. Here we review zebrafish modeling for two broad groups of inherited conditions that each share genetic and molecular pathways and overlap phenotypically: neurodevelopmental disorders such as Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), Intellectual Disability (ID) and Schizophrenia (SCZ), and neurodegenerative diseases, such as Cerebellar Ataxia (CATX), Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia (HSP) and Charcot-Marie Tooth Disease (CMT)...
2016: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
Maria Lindahl, Mart Saarma, Päivi Lindholm
Cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor (CDNF) and mesencephalic astrocyte-derived neurotrophic factor (MANF) promote the survival of midbrain dopaminergic neurons which degenerate in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, CDNF and MANF are structurally and functionally clearly distinct from the classical, target-derived neurotrophic factors (NTFs) that are solely secreted proteins. In cells, CDNF and MANF localize in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and evidence suggests that MANF, and possibly CDNF, is important for the maintenance of ER homeostasis...
July 14, 2016: Neurobiology of Disease
Ashley A George, Sara Hayden, Gail R Stanton, Susan E Brockerhoff
Abnormalities in the ability of cells to properly degrade proteins have been identified in many neurodegenerative diseases. Recent work has implicated synaptojanin 1 (SynJ1) in Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease, although the role of this polyphosphoinositide phosphatase in protein degradation has not been thoroughly described. Here, we dissected in vivo the role of SynJ1 in endolysosomal trafficking in zebrafish cone photoreceptors using a SynJ1-deficient zebrafish mutant, nrc(a14) . We found that loss of SynJ1 leads to specific accumulation of late endosomes and autophagosomes early in photoreceptor development...
July 2016: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
Ann Kristin Frøyset, Essa Ahsan Khan, Kari Espolin Fladmark
The non-protein amino acid β-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) is a neurotoxin present in microalgae and shown to accumulate in the food web. BMAA has been linked to the complex neurodegenerative disorder of Guam and to increased incidents sporadic ALS. Two main neurotoxic routes are suggested; an excitotoxic by acting as an agonist towards glutamate receptors and a metabolic by misincorporating into cellular proteins. We have used zebrafish, an increasingly used model for neurodegenerative diseases, to further identify signaling components involved in BMAA-induced toxicity...
2016: Scientific Reports
Kim Wager, Anselm A Zdebik, Sonia Fu, Jonathan D Cooper, Robert J Harvey, Claire Russell
The neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses are a group of lysosomal storage disorders that comprise the most common, genetically heterogeneous, fatal neurodegenerative disorders of children. They are characterised by childhood onset, visual failure, epileptic seizures, psychomotor retardation and dementia. CLN3 disease, also known as Batten disease, is caused by autosomal recessive mutations in the CLN3 gene, 80-85% of which are a ~1 kb deletion. Currently no treatments exist, and after much suffering, the disease inevitably results in premature death...
2016: PloS One
E S Mathews, B Appel
In the nervous system, axons transmit information in the form of electrical impulses over long distances. The speed of impulse conduction is enhanced by myelin, a lipid-rich membrane that wraps around axons. Myelin also is required for the long-term health of axons by providing metabolic support. Accordingly, myelin deficiencies are implicated in a wide range of neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric disorders, intellectual disabilities, and neurodegenerative conditions. Central nervous system myelin is formed by glial cells called oligodendrocytes...
2016: Methods in Cell Biology
Bo-Kai Wu, Rey-Yue Yuan, Yen-Pu Chang, Huang-Wei Lien, Ting-Shou Chen, Hung-Chi Chien, Tien-Soung Tong, Hui-Ping Tsai, Cheng-Li Fang, Yung-Feng Liao, Chun-Che Chang, Rita P-Y Chen, Chang-Jen Huang
Tau plays important roles in the assembly and stabilization of the microtubule structure to facilitate axonal transport in mammalian brain. The intracellular tau aggregates to form paired helical filaments leading to neurodegenerative disorders, collectively called tauopathies. In our previous report, we established a zebrafish model to express tau-GFP to induce neuronal death, which could be directly traced in vivo. Recently, we used this model to screen 400 herbal extracts and found 45 of them to be effective on reducing tau-GFP-induced neuronal death...
August 19, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Jeroen Kuipers, Ruby D Kalicharan, Anouk H G Wolters, Tjakko J van Ham, Ben N G Giepmans
Large-scale 2D electron microscopy (EM), or nanotomy, is the tissue-wide application of nanoscale resolution electron microscopy. Others and we previously applied large scale EM to human skin pancreatic islets, tissue culture and whole zebrafish larvae(1-7). Here we describe a universally applicable method for tissue-scale scanning EM for unbiased detection of sub-cellular and molecular features. Nanotomy was applied to investigate the healthy and a neurodegenerative zebrafish brain. Our method is based on standardized EM sample preparation protocols: Fixation with glutaraldehyde and osmium, followed by epoxy-resin embedding, ultrathin sectioning and mounting of ultrathin-sections on one-hole grids, followed by post staining with uranyl and lead...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Karin Tuschl, Esther Meyer, Leonardo E Valdivia, Ningning Zhao, Chris Dadswell, Alaa Abdul-Sada, Christina Y Hung, Michael A Simpson, W K Chong, Thomas S Jacques, Randy L Woltjer, Simon Eaton, Allison Gregory, Lynn Sanford, Eleanna Kara, Henry Houlden, Stephan M Cuno, Holger Prokisch, Lorella Valletta, Valeria Tiranti, Rasha Younis, Eamonn R Maher, John Spencer, Ania Straatman-Iwanowska, Paul Gissen, Laila A M Selim, Guillem Pintos-Morell, Wifredo Coroleu-Lletget, Shekeeb S Mohammad, Sangeetha Yoganathan, Russell C Dale, Maya Thomas, Jason Rihel, Olaf A Bodamer, Caroline A Enns, Susan J Hayflick, Peter T Clayton, Philippa B Mills, Manju A Kurian, Stephen W Wilson
Although manganese is an essential trace metal, little is known about its transport and homeostatic regulation. Here we have identified a cohort of patients with a novel autosomal recessive manganese transporter defect caused by mutations in SLC39A14. Excessive accumulation of manganese in these patients results in rapidly progressive childhood-onset parkinsonism-dystonia with distinctive brain magnetic resonance imaging appearances and neurodegenerative features on post-mortem examination. We show that mutations in SLC39A14 impair manganese transport in vitro and lead to manganese dyshomeostasis and altered locomotor activity in zebrafish with CRISPR-induced slc39a14 null mutations...
2016: Nature Communications
Emma Ristori, Sandra Donnini, Marina Ziche
The zebrafish is an excellent animal model to study the formation of the vertebrate vascular network. The small size, the optical translucency, and the ability to model endothelial-specific fluorescent transgenic lines in the zebrafish embryo had facilitate, in the past 10 years, the direct visualization of vessels formation and remodeling. Furthermore, zebrafish is an excellent disease model such as for cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is a human neurovascular degenerative disease, caused by Amyloid β (Aβ) peptides deposition around brain microvessels, and characterized by vascular brain degenerative changes...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
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