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Infectious diseases in pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781105/adult-s-onset-still-disease-occurring-during-pregnancy-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Léo Plaçais, Arsène Mekinian, Marie Bornes, Armelle Poujol-Robert, Naiké Bigé, Eric Maury, Olivier Fain
INTRODUCTION: Adult onset Still's disease is a rare affection classified among non-hereditary autoinflammatory diseases. We here report a case of AOSD revealed during pregnancy with a life-threatening presentation along with a review of 19 cases from literature. CASE: A 38-years old woman was treated in our department for diffuse systemic sclerosis and associated Sjögren syndrome. She was pregnant and presented with acute fever and arthralgias. Laboratory data revealed mild liver cytolysis but a large screening for infectious and auto-immune diseases was negative and hepato-biliar imaging was normal...
July 10, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780089/short-communication-prevalence-of-digital-dermatitis-in-canadian-dairy-cattle-classified-as-high-average-or-low-antibody-and-cell-mediated-immune-responders
#2
S L Cartwright, F Malchiodi, K Thompson-Crispi, F Miglior, B A Mallard
Lameness is a major animal welfare issue affecting Canadian dairy producers, and it can lead to production, reproduction, and health problems in dairy cattle herds. Although several different lesions affect dairy cattle hooves, studies show that digital dermatitis is the most common lesion identified in Canadian dairy herds. It has also been shown that dairy cattle classified as having high immune response (IR) have lower incidence of disease compared with those animals with average and low IR; therefore, it has been hypothesized that IR plays a role in preventing infectious hoof lesions...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763018/maternal-immunization-new-perspectives-on-its-application-against-non-infectious-related-diseases-in-newborns
#3
REVIEW
Federica Riccardo, Aline Réal, Claudia Voena, Roberto Chiarle, Federica Cavallo, Giuseppina Barutello
The continuous evolution in preventive medicine has anointed vaccination a versatile, human-health improving tool, which has led to a steady decline in deaths in the developing world. Maternal immunization represents an incisive step forward for the field of vaccination as it provides protection against various life-threatening diseases in pregnant women and their children. A number of studies to improve prevention rates and expand protection against the largest possible number of infections are still in progress...
August 1, 2017: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755388/kir-on-the-cusp%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-modern-immunogenetics
#4
REVIEW
Francesco Colucci, James Traherne
Killer Immunoglobulin-like Receptors (KIR) and their Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) ligands play a central role in immunity and human health. These molecules are encoded by gene families with copy number variation, extreme levels of sequence diversity and complex expression patterns. The rapid evolution of KIR and HLA genes and their associations with infectious diseases, pregnancy disorders, immunopathologies and outcome of cell transplantation has generated considerable interest from immunologists, geneticists and clinicians...
July 29, 2017: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750427/environmental-risk-factors-for-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-development
#5
Boljat Antonela, Gunjača Ivana, Konstantinović Ivan, Vidan Nikolina, Boraska Perica Vesna, Pehlić Marina, Škrabić Veselin, Zemunik Tatijana
Background Although environmental factors induce development of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in genetically susceptible individuals, many of those factors have been uncovered. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to analyze associations of T1DM with a wide range of environmental factors. Material and Methods A case-control study was conducted on 249 diabetic and 255 healthy individuals from the Dalmatian region of South Croatia. Data regarding risk factors during pregnancy and early life period of the child were evaluated...
July 27, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740268/the-association-between-periodontal-disease-and-preterm-low-birthweight-in-kosovo
#6
Kastriot Meqa, Fatmir Dragidella, Metush Disha, Zana Sllamniku-Dalipi
OBJECTIVE: Periodontal diseases have a high prevalence worldwide. Existing evidence support the concept that gingivitis and periodontitis are potentially infectious and they present inflammatory reservoirs that can be threatening to the fetoplacental unit. The objective of this study was to compare the periodontal status between women with normal delivery and those with preterm low-birthweight delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 200 postpartum women whose periodontal and obstetrical parameters were taken...
March 2017: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729112/no-208-guidelines-for-the-management-of-herpes-simplex-virus-in-pregnancy
#7
Deborah M Money, Marc Steben
OBJECTIVE: To provide recommendations for the management of genital herpes infection in women who want to get pregnant or are pregnant and for the management of genital herpes in pregnancy and strategies to prevent transmission to the infant. OUTCOMES: More effective management of complications of genital herpes in pregnancy and prevention of transmission of genital herpes from mother to infant. EVIDENCE: Medline was searched for articles published in French or English related to genital herpes and pregnancy...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729110/no-211-screening-and-management-of-bacterial-vaginosis-in-pregnancy
#8
Mark H Yudin, Deborah M Money
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence and provide recommendations on screening for and management of bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy. OPTIONS: The clinical practice options considered in formulating the guideline. OUTCOMES: Outcomes evaluated include antibiotic treatment efficacy and cure rates, and the influence of the treatment of bacterial vaginosis on the rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm labour and delivery and preterm premature rupture of membranes...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721347/peliosis-hepatis-complicating-pregnancy-a-rare-entity
#9
Muhammad Osama Butt, Nasir Hassan Luck, Syed Mujahid Hassan, Zaigham Abbas, Muhammed Mubarak
Peliosis hepatis (PH) is a rare, benign condition of the liver characterized by the presence of blood-filled lacunar spaces in the parenchyma. It usually has a chronic presentation and is a rare cause of portal hypertension reported in adult patients. Its etiology is diverse and ranges from infectious agents to tumors to toxic substances and anabolic steroids; however, the cause remains unclear in 25-50% of patients. Similarly, the symptomatology and imaging findings are diverse. Biopsy is the definitive test to diagnose the condition...
June 2017: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716074/evaluation-of-record-linkage-of-two-large-administrative-databases-in-a-middle-income-country-stillbirths-and-notifications-of-dengue-during-pregnancy-in-brazil
#10
Enny S Paixão, Katie Harron, Kleydson Andrade, Maria Glória Teixeira, Rosemeire L Fiaccone, Maria da Conceição N Costa, Laura C Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: Due to the increasing availability of individual-level information across different electronic datasets, record linkage has become an efficient and important research tool. High quality linkage is essential for producing robust results. The objective of this study was to describe the process of preparing and linking national Brazilian datasets, and to compare the accuracy of different linkage methods for assessing the risk of stillbirth due to dengue in pregnancy. METHODS: We linked mothers and stillbirths in two routinely collected datasets from Brazil for 2009-2010: for dengue in pregnancy, notifications of infectious diseases (SINAN); for stillbirths, mortality (SIM)...
July 17, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715931/understanding-and-acting-on-the-developmental-origins-of-health-and-disease-in-africa-would-improve-health-across-generations
#11
Shane A Norris, Abdallah Daar, Dorairajan Balasubramanian, Peter Byass, Elizabeth Kimani-Murage, Andrew Macnab, Christoff Pauw, Atul Singhal, Chittaranjan Yajnik, James Akazili, Naomi Levitt, Jihene Maatoug, Nolwazi Mkhwanazi, Sophie E Moore, Moffat Nyirenda, Juliet R C Pulliam, Tamsen Rochat, Rihlat Said-Mohamed, Soraya Seedat, Eugene Sobngwi, Mark Tomlinson, Elona Toska, Cari van Schalkwyk
Data from many high- and low- or middle-income countries have linked exposures during key developmental periods (in particular pregnancy and infancy) to later health and disease. Africa faces substantial challenges with persisting infectious disease and now burgeoning non-communicable disease.This paper opens the debate to the value of strengthening the developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD) research focus in Africa to tackle critical public health challenges across the life-course. We argue that the application of DOHaD science in Africa to advance life-course prevention programmes can aid the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals, and assist in improving health across generations...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715527/screening-criteria-for-ophthalmic-manifestations-of-congenital-zika-virus-infection
#12
Andrea A Zin, Irena Tsui, Julia Rossetto, Zilton Vasconcelos, Kristina Adachi, Stephanie Valderramos, Umme-Aiman Halai, Marcos Vinicius da Silva Pone, Sheila Moura Pone, Joel Carlos Barros Silveira Filho, Mitsue S Aibe, Ana Carolina C da Costa, Olivia A Zin, Rubens Belfort, Patricia Brasil, Karin Nielsen-Saines, Maria Elisabeth Lopes Moreira
Importance: Current guidelines recommend screening eye examinations for infants with microcephaly or laboratory-confirmed Zika virus infection but not for all infants potentially exposed to Zika virus in utero. Objective: To evaluate eye findings in a cohort of infants whose mothers had polymerase chain reaction-confirmed Zika virus infection during pregnancy. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this descriptive case series performed from January 2 through October 30, 2016, infants were examined from birth to 1 year of age by a multidisciplinary medical team, including a pediatric ophthalmologist, from Fernandes Figueira Institute, a Ministry of Health referral center for high-risk pregnancies and infectious diseases in children in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
July 17, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693463/descriptive-analysis-of-cochrane-child-relevant-systematic-reviews-an-update-and-comparison-between-2009-and-2013
#13
Katelynn Crick, Denise Thomson, Ricardo M Fernandes, Megan Nuspl, Dean T Eurich, Brian H Rowe, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews support health systems and clinical decision-making by identifying and summarizing all existing studies on a particular topic. In 2009, a comprehensive description of child-relevant systematic reviews published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews was compiled. This study aims to provide an update, and to describe these systematic reviews according to their content and methodological approaches. METHODS: All child-relevant systematic reviews published by the Cochrane Collaboration in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) as of March, 2013 were identified and described in relation to their content and methodological approaches...
July 11, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689782/the-microbiota-and-autoimmunity-their-role-in-thyroid-autoimmune-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Hedda L Köhling, Sue F Plummer, Julian R Marchesi, Kelly S Davidge, Marian Ludgate
Since the 1970s, the role of infectious diseases in the pathogenesis of Graves' disease (GD) has been an object of intensive research. The last decade has witnessed many studies on Yersinia enterocolitica, Helicobacter pylori and other bacterial organisms and their potential impact on GD. Retrospective, prospective and molecular binding studies have been performed with contrary outcomes. Until now it is not clear whether bacterial infections can trigger autoimmune thyroid disease. Common risk factors for GD (gender, smoking, stress, and pregnancy) reveal profound changes in the bacterial communities of the gut compared to that of healthy controls but a pathogenetic link between GD and dysbiosis has not yet been fully elucidated...
July 6, 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669321/factors-associated-with-receiving-an-hiv-test-among-patients-admitted-through-the-emergency-unit-at-a-kenyan-referral-hospital
#15
Rebecca Bridge, Janet Lin
Despite decreasing incidence, HIV is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Kenya. In Kisumu, HIV prevalence is ∼19% and incidence is second highest in the country. There is a need to identify HIV-positive persons and link them to care. Universal testing in healthcare facilities is a strategy supported by the Kenyan government to facilitate identification of new HIV cases. The objective was to identify patterns of HIV testing in a hospital in Kisumu, Kenya, a setting where universal testing is recommended...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658408/discordant-clinical-outcomes-of-congenital-zika-virus-infection-in-twin-pregnancies
#16
Vanessa van der Linden, Hélio van der Linden, Mariana de Carvalho Leal, Epitacio Leite Rolim, Ana van der Linden, Maria de Fátima Viana Vasco Aragão, Alessandra Mertens Brainer-Lima, Danielle Di Cavalcanti Sousa Cruz, Liana O Ventura, Telma Lúcia Tabosa Florêncio, Marli Tenório Cordeiro, Silvio da Silva Caudas, Regina Coeli Ramos
Congenital Zika syndrome is an emergent cause of a congenital infectious disorder, resulting in severe damage to the central nervous system and microcephaly. Despite advances in understanding the pathophysiology of the disease, we still do not know all the mechanisms enrolled in the vertical transmission of the virus. As has already been reported in other types of congenital infectious disorders in dizygotic twin pregnancies, it is possible that the virus affects only one of the fetuses. In this article, we report on two cases of twin pregnancies exposed to the Zika virus, but with only one of the fetuses affected with microcephaly and brain damage...
June 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647172/infection-related-microcephaly-after-the-2015-and-2016-zika-virus-outbreaks-in-brazil-a-surveillance-based-analysis
#17
Wanderson Kleber de Oliveira, Giovanny Vinícius Araújo de França, Eduardo Hage Carmo, Bruce Bartholow Duncan, Ricardo de Souza Kuchenbecker, Maria Inês Schmidt
BACKGROUND: On Nov 11, 2015, the Brazilian Ministry of Health declared a Public Health Emergency of National Concern in response to an increased number of microcephaly cases, possibly related to previous Zika virus outbreaks. We describe the course of the dual epidemics of the Zika virus infection during pregnancy and microcephaly in Brazil up to Nov 12, 2016, the first anniversary of this declaration. METHODS: We used secondary data for Zika virus and microcephaly cases obtained through the Brazilian Ministry of Health's surveillance systems from Jan 1, 2015, to Nov 12, 2016...
June 21, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641304/hyperemesis-gravidarum-a-review-of-recent-literature
#18
Viktoriya London, Stephanie Grube, David M Sherer, Ovadia Abulafia
BACKGROUND: In the United States, hyperemesis gravidarum is the most common cause of hospitalization during the first half of pregnancy and is second only to preterm labor for hospitalizations in pregnancy overall. In approximately 0.3-3% of pregnancies, hyperemesis gravidarum is prevalent and this percentage varies on account of different diagnostic criteria and ethnic variation in study populations. Despite extensive research in this field, the mechanism of the disease is largely unknown...
2017: Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626823/a-survey-of-ophthalmologists-and-gynecologists-regarding-termination-of-pregnancy-and-choice-of-delivery-mode-in-the-presence-of-eye-diseases
#19
Seyed-Farzad Mohammadi, Mojgan Letafat-Nejad, Elham Ashrafi, Hanieh Delshad-Aghdam
PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the attitudes of ophthalmologists and gynecologists in suggesting appropriate approach to pregnancy in different ocular conditions. METHODS: Specialty-specific questionnaires on delivery mode and abortion indications for ophthalmic patients (refractive, vascular, oncologic, retinal, glaucoma, postoperation, posttrauma, and infectious) were designed and distributed among physician staff of Farabi Eye Hospital and Yas Women Hospital in Tehran...
June 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617773/pregnancy-outcomes-after-maternal-zika-virus-infection-during-pregnancy-u-s-territories-january-1-2016-april-25-2017
#20
Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza, Marion E Rice, Romeo R Galang, Anna C Fulton, Kelley VanMaldeghem, Miguel Valencia Prado, Esther Ellis, Magele Scott Anesi, Regina M Simeone, Emily E Petersen, Sascha R Ellington, Abbey M Jones, Tonya Williams, Sarah Reagan-Steiner, Janice Perez-Padilla, Carmen C Deseda, Andrew Beron, Aifili John Tufa, Asher Rosinger, Nicole M Roth, Caitlin Green, Stacey Martin, Camille Delgado Lopez, Leah deWilde, Mary Goodwin, H Pamela Pagano, Cara T Mai, Carolyn Gould, Sherif Zaki, Leishla Nieves Ferrer, Michelle S Davis, Eva Lathrop, Kara Polen, Janet D Cragan, Megan Reynolds, Kimberly B Newsome, Mariam Marcano Huertas, Julu Bhatangar, Alma Martinez Quiñones, John F Nahabedian, Laura Adams, Tyler M Sharp, W Thane Hancock, Sonja A Rasmussen, Cynthia A Moore, Denise J Jamieson, Jorge L Munoz-Jordan, Helentina Garstang, Afeke Kambui, Carolee Masao, Margaret A Honein, Dana Meaney-Delman
Pregnant women living in or traveling to areas with local mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission are at risk for Zika virus infection, which can lead to severe fetal and infant brain abnormalities and microcephaly (1). In February 2016, CDC recommended 1) routine testing for Zika virus infection of asymptomatic pregnant women living in areas with ongoing local Zika virus transmission at the first prenatal care visit, 2) retesting during the second trimester for women who initially test negative, and 3) testing of pregnant women with signs or symptoms consistent with Zika virus disease (e...
June 16, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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