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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166704/the-prevalence-and-causes-of-visual-impairment-in-seven-year-old-children
#1
Soraya Ghaderi, Hassan Hashemi, Ebrahim Jafarzadehpur, Abbasali Yekta, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Ali Mirzajani, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
BACKGROUND: To report the prevalence and causes of visual impairment in seven-year-old children in Iran and its relationship with socio-economic conditions. METHODS: In a cross-sectional population-based study, first-grade students in the primary schools of eight cities in the country were randomly selected from different geographic locations using multistage cluster sampling. The examinations included visual acuity measurement, ocular motility evaluation, and cycloplegic and non-cycloplegic refraction...
November 22, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166621/lifestyle-transitions-and-adaptive-pathogenesis-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#2
REVIEW
Martina Valentini, Diego Gonzalez, Despoina Ai Mavridou, Alain Filloux
Pseudomonas aeruginosa acute and chronic infections are of great concern to human health, especially in hospital settings. It is currently assumed that P. aeruginosa has two antagonistic pathogenic strategies that parallel two different lifestyles; free-living cells are predominantly cytotoxic and induce an acute inflammatory reaction, while biofilm-forming communities cause refractory chronic infections. Recent findings suggest that the planktonic-to-sessile transition is a complex, reversible and overall dynamic differentiation process...
November 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166484/assessing-the-role-of-appropriate-primary-health-care-on-the-use-of-dental-services-by-brazilian-low-income-preschool-children
#3
Márcia Helena Baldani, Juliana Schaia Rocha, Cristina Berger Fadel, Antonio Carlos Nascimento, José Leopoldo Ferreira Antunes, Samuel Jorge Moysés
This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the association between the quality of primary health care (PHC) and the use of dental services by preschoolers served by the Family Health Strategy (FHS), controlling for socio-demographic determinants and perceived need. The sample encompassed 438 children aged 3-5 years, enrolled in 19 FHS facilities in Ponta Grossa, Paraná State, Brazil. Individual level variables were collected by interviewing parents or caregivers at home. They answered a questionnaire on socioeconomic conditions, oral hygiene habits and use of dental services...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166480/-impact-of-moderate-intellectual-disability-on-the-dynamics-and-quality-of-family-life-a-qualitative-clinical-study
#4
Rodrigo Victor Viana Tomaz, Vanessa de Arruda Santos, Lucimar Retto da Silva de Avó, Carla Maria Ramos Germano, Débora Gusmão Melo
This qualitative clinical study investigated the impact of moderate intellectual disability on family dynamics and quality of life. The data were collected using individual interviews with 15 mothers of children with intellectual disabilities, as a convenience sample, and examined with categorical thematic content analysis. The results were discussed using a comprehensive and interpretative approach. Analysis of the interviews showed that care for children with intellectual disabilities is centered on the mother, contributing to the change in family relations...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166443/epifloripa-aging-cohort-study-methods-operational-aspects-and-follow-up-strategies
#5
Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider, Susana Cararo Confortin, Carla de Oliveira Bernardo, Carolina Carvalho Bolsoni, Danielle Ledur Antes, Karine Gonçalves Pereira, Lariane Mortean Ono, Larissa Pruner Marques, Lucélia Justino Borges, Maruí Weber Corseuil Giehl, Rodrigo de Rosso Krug, Vanessa Fernanda Goes, Alexandra Crispim Boing, Antônio Fernando Boing, Eleonora d'Orsi
OBJECTIVE: To describe the sample plan, operational aspects, and strategies used in the 2009/2010 and 2013/2014 EpiFloripa Aging Study. METHODS: The EpiFloripa Aging is a population-based longitudinal study with 1,705 older adults (60 years or more) living in the municipality of Florianópolis, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, in 2009/2010 (baseline). The research was conducted with a face-to-face interviews, organized into blocks of identification, socioeconomic, mental health, health and life habits, global functionality, falls, physical activity, morbidities, use of health services, use of medications, food, oral health, and violence, evaluated in the first (2009/2010) and in the second wave (2013/2014)...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166437/breastfeeding-indicators-trends-in-brazil-for-three-decades
#6
Cristiano Siqueira Boccolini, Patricia de Moraes Mello Boccolini, Fernanda Ramos Monteiro, Sonia Isoyama Venâncio, Elsa Regina Justo Giugliani
OBJECTIVE: Update breastfeeding indicators trend in Brazil for the last three decades, incorporating more up-to-date information from the National Health Survey. METHODS: We used secondary data from national surveys with information on breastfeeding (1986, 1996, 2006, and 2013) to construct the time series of prevalence for the following indicators: exclusive breastfeeding in children under six months of age (EBF6m), breastfeeding in toddlers under 2 years of age (BF), continued breastfeeding at one year of age (BF1year), and continued breastfeeding at two years of age (BF2years)...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166403/integration-of-molecular-typing-results-into-tuberculosis-surveillance-in-germany-a-pilot-study
#7
Marta Andrés, Elke Göhring-Zwacka, Lena Fiebig, Martin Priwitzer, Elvira Richter, Sabine Rüsch-Gerdes, Walter Haas, Stefan Niemann, Bonita Brodhun
An integrated molecular surveillance for tuberculosis (TB) improves the understanding of ongoing TB transmission by combining molecular typing and epidemiological data. However, the implementation of an integrated molecular surveillance for TB is complex and requires thoughtful consideration of feasibility, demand, public health benefits and legal issues. We aimed to pilot the integration of molecular typing results between 2008 and 2010 in the German Federal State of Baden-Württemberg (population 10.88 Million) as preparation for a nationwide implementation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166210/improving-spiritual-care-in-hospitals-in-the-netherlands-what-do-health-care-chaplains-involved-in-an-action-research-study-report
#8
Joep van de Geer, Anja Visser, Hetty Zock, Carlo Leget, Jelle Prins, Kris Vissers
Health care chaplains participated in a multicenter trial to explore an implementation strategy for the Dutch multidisciplinary guideline for spiritual care. The intervention was concise spiritual care training for hospital staff of departments where patients in curative and palliative trajectories are treated. Data were collected in semistructured interviews with chaplains who acted as trainers, before and after the intervention. Results based on nine preintervention and eleven post-intervention interviews are presented...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165955/male-caregivers-of-persons-with-end-stage-renal-disease-a-qualitative-study
#9
Loretta Alexia Williams, J Carolyn Graff, Mona N Wicks, Patricia A Cowan, Shelley White-Means, Elizabeth A Tolley
This study explored experiences associated with burden, depressive symptoms, and perceived health in six male caregivers of persons with end stage renal disease (ESRD) using qualitative interviews. Analysis employed open coding and analysis to generate codes and categories. Eighty-three percent of the participants reported significant subjective and objective burden. Linkages occurred between sociodemographic characteristics, care recipient attributes, and caregiver-care recipient relationship, and caregivers' experience of burden and depressive symptoms...
May 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165844/oral-microbiomes-from-hunter-gatherers-and-traditional-farmers-reveal-shifts-in-commensal-balance-and-pathogen-load-linked-to-diet
#10
Florent Lassalle, Matteo Spagnoletti, Matteo Fumagalli, Liam Shaw, Mark Dyble, Catherine Walker, Mark G Thomas, Andrea Bamberg Migliano, Francois Balloux
Maladaptation to modern diets has been implicated in several chronic disorders. Given the higher prevalence of disease such as dental caries and chronic gum diseases in industrialized societies, we sought to investigate the impact of different subsistence strategies on oral health and physiology, as documented by the oral microbiome. To control for confounding variables such as environment and host genetics, we sampled saliva from three pairs of populations of hunter-gatherers and traditional farmers living in close proximity in the Philippines...
November 22, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165783/after-action-review-of-the-2009-10-h1n1-influenza-outbreak-response-ohio-s-public-health-system-s-performance
#11
William A Mase, Beth Bickford, Casey L Thomas, Shamika D Jones, Michael Bisesi
OBJECTIVE: In early 2009, H1N1 influenza was identified within the human population. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) officials responded with focused assessment, policy development, and assurances. The response was mobilized through efforts including procurement of adequate vaccine supply, local area span of control, materials acquisition, and facilities and resource identification. METHODS: Qualitative evaluation of the assurance functions specific to the system's ability to assure safe and healthy conditions are reported...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165688/management-of-odontoid-fractures-in-the-elderly-a-review-of-the-literature-and-an-evidence-based-treatment-algorithm
#12
Sravisht Iyer, R John Hurlbert, Todd J Albert
Odontoid fractures are the most common fracture of the axis and the most common cervical spine fracture in patients over 65. Despite their frequency, there is considerable ambiguity regarding optimal management strategies for these fractures in the elderly. Poor bone health and medical comorbidities contribute to increased surgical risk in this population; however, nonoperative management is associated with a risk of nonunion or fibrous union. We provide a review of the existing literature and discuss the classification and evaluation of odontoid fractures...
November 18, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165623/effects-of-pharmacologic-and-nonpharmacologic-interventions-on-insomnia-symptoms-and-subjective-sleep-quality-in-women-with-hot-flashes-a-pooled-analysis-of-individual-participant-data-from-4-msflash-trials
#13
Katherine A Guthrie, Joseph C Larson, Kristine E Ensrud, Garnet L Anderson, Janet S Carpenter, Ellen W Freeman, Hadine Joffe, Andrea Z LaCroix, JoAnn E Manson, Charles M Morin, Katherine M Newton, Julie Otte, Susan D Reed, Susan M McCurry
Study Objectives: The Menopause Strategies: Finding Lasting Answers for Symptoms and Health network conducted three randomized clinical trials (RCT) testing six interventions treating vasomotor symptoms (VMS), and also collected self-reported sleep outcomes. A fourth RCT assessed an intervention for insomnia symptoms among women with VMS. We describe these seven interventions' effects relative to control in women with comparably severe insomnia symptoms and VMS. Methods: We analyzed pooled individual-level data from 546 peri- and postmenopausal women with Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) >12, and ≥14 bothersome VMS/week across the four RCTs...
November 20, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165541/frailty-exists-in-younger-adults-admitted-as-surgical-emergency-leading-to-adverse-outcomes
#14
R Smart, B Carter, J McGovern, S Luckman, A Connelly, J Hewitt, T Quasim, S Moug
BACKGROUND: Frailty is prevalent in the older adult population (≥65 years of age) and results in adverse outcomes in the emergency general surgical population. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether frailty exists in the younger adult emergency surgical population (<65 years) and what influence frailty may have on patient related outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. SETTING: Emergency general surgical admissions...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165404/benefits-of-nut-consumption-on-insulin-resistance-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-multiple-potential-mechanisms-of-actions
#15
REVIEW
Yoona Kim, Jennifer B Keogh, Peter M Clifton
Epidemiological and clinical studies have indicated that nut consumption could be a healthy dietary strategy to prevent and treat type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and related cardiovascular disease (CVD). The objective of this review is to examine the potential mechanisms of action of nuts addressing effects on glycemic control, weight management, energy balance, appetite, gut microbiota modification, lipid metabolism, oxidative stress, inflammation, endothelial function and blood pressure with a focus on data from both animal and human studies...
November 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165392/the-tale-of-asbestos-in-sweden-1972-1986-the-pathway-to-a-near-total-ban
#16
Peter Westerholm, Bertil Remaéus, Magnus Svartengren
This paper provides a narrative of the national intervention strategy in Sweden aimed to restrict the industrial use of asbestos. For many years, asbestos was imported for widespread industrial use, resulting in large amounts throughout Swedish society. In 1972, the whistle was blown in a Communist Party parliamentary motion describing asbestos as a health hazard and requesting action to prohibit its use. Although the motion was rejected, it initiated the extensive charting of asbestos sources on a tripartite basis, involving government agencies, and employer and trade-union organizations...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165367/urban-green-space-and-the-pursuit-of-health-equity-in-parts-of-the-united-states
#17
Viniece Jennings, April Karen Baptiste, Na'Taki Osborne Jelks, Renée Skeete
Research has demonstrated that inequitable access to green space can relate to health disparities or inequalities. This commentary aims to shift the dialogue to initiatives that have integrated green spaces in projects that may promote health equity in the United States. Specifically, we connect this topic to factors such as community revitalization, affordable housing, neighborhood walkability, food security, job creation, and youth engagement. We provide a synopsis of locations and initiatives in different phases of development along with characteristics to support effectiveness and strategies to overcome challenges...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165227/reflections-on-a-community-engagement-strategy-for-mass-antimalarial-drug-administration-in-cambodia
#18
Thomas J Peto, Rupam Tripura, Chan Davoeung, Chea Nguon, Sanann Nou, Chhouen Heng, Pich Kunthea, Bipin Adhikari, Renly Lim, Nicola James, Christopher Pell, Phaik Yeong Cheah
Mass drug administration (MDA) to interrupt malaria transmission requires the participation of entire communities. As part of a clinical trial in western Cambodia, four villages received MDA in 2015-2016. Before approaching study communities, a collaboration was established with the local health authorities, village leaders, and village malaria workers. Formative research guided the development of engagement strategies. In each village, a team of volunteers was formed to explain MDA to their neighbors and provide support during implementation...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165212/newly-arrived-african-migrants-to-spain-epidemiology-and-burden-disease
#19
Joaquín Salas-Coronas, María Teresa Cabezas-Fernández, Ana Belén Lozano-Serrano, Manuel Jesús Soriano-Pérez, José Vázquez-Villegas, José Ángel Cuenca-Gómez
The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiological profile, clinical characteristics, and microbiological findings in African immigrants newly arrived to Spain attended at a specialized reference unit from October 2004 to February 2017. A common protocol for the screening of imported and cosmopolitan diseases was designed to evaluate patients with ≤ 12 months of stay in Spain. A total of 523 patients were included in the study, 488 (93.3%) of sub-Saharan origin. A high number of helminthic infections were diagnosed in sub-Saharan patients, including geohelminthiasis (hookworms 14...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165109/attitude-and-practice-of-physical-activity-and-social-problem-solving-ability-among-university-students
#20
Toshimasa Sone, Yousuke Kawachi, Chihiro Abe, Yuki Otomo, Yul-Wan Sung, Seiji Ogawa
BACKGROUND: Effective social problem-solving abilities can contribute to decreased risk of poor mental health. In addition, physical activity has a favorable effect on mental health. These previous studies suggest that physical activity and social problem-solving ability can interact by helping to sustain mental health. The present study aimed to determine the association between attitude and practice of physical activity and social problem-solving ability among university students. METHODS: Information on physical activity and social problem-solving was collected using a self-administered questionnaire...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
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