keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Spine cord

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542104/reduced-spinal-cord-movement-with-the-straight-leg-raise-test-in-patients-with-lumbar-intervertebral-disc-herniation
#1
Marinko Rade, Janne Pesonen, Mervi Könönen, Jarkko Marttila, Michael Shacklock, Ritva Vanninen, Markku Kankaanpää, Olavi Airaksinen
STUDY DESIGN: Controlled radiological study. OBJECTIVE: To explore whether impairment of neural excursion during the straight leg raise test occurs in patients with sciatic symptoms secondary to lumbar intervertebral disc herniation (LIDH). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Earlier studies have shown that during the SLR test in asymptomatic volunteers tensile forces are consistently transmitted throughout the neural system and the thoracolumbar spinal cord slides distally...
May 25, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541420/surgical-decompression-of-high-grade-spinal-cord-compression-from-hormone-refractory-metastatic-prostate-cancer
#2
Muhammad Omar Chohan, Sweena Kahn, Gustav Cederquist, Anne S Reiner, Joseph Schwab, Ilya Laufer, Mark Bilsky
BACKGROUND: Spine and nonspine skeletal metastases occur in more than 80% of patients with prostate cancer. OBJECTIVE: To examine the characteristics of the patient population undergoing surgery for the treatment of prostate cancer metastatic to the spine. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients treated at our institution from June 1993 to August 2014 for surgical management of metastatic spine disease from prostate cancer...
May 24, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540126/neurological-complications-of-lumbar-and-cervical-dural-punctures-with-a-focus-on-epidural-injections
#3
Nancy E Epstein
BACKGROUND: Various types of lumbar dural punctures may contribute to neurological injury. The etiologies of dural injury include; inadvertent dural punctures due to epidurals placed for labor anesthesia, epidural steroid injections (ESI/transforaminal TESI; approximately 9 million ESI performed in the US per year), deliberate placement of intradural pain devices, and spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistulas. Resulting neurological complications may include; spinal headaches/intracranial hypotension, subdural hematomas, and 6(th) nerve cranial palsies...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540118/spinal-cord-injury-in-the-geriatric-population-risk-factors-treatment-options-and-long-term-management
#4
REVIEW
Tochukwu C Ikpeze, Addisu Mesfin
Spinal cord injuries (SCIs) are sustained by more than 12 500 patients per year in the United States and more globally. The SCIs disproportionately affect the elderly, especially men. Approximately 60% of these injuries are sustained traumatically through falls, but nontraumatic causes including infections, tumors, and medication-related epidural bleeding have also been documented. Preexisting conditions such as ankylosing spondylitis and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis can render the spine stiff and are risk factors as well as cervical spondylosis and ensuing cervical stenosis...
June 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538594/trends-in-patient-care-for-traumatic-spinal-injuries-in-the-united-states-a-national-inpatient-sample-study-of-the-correlations-with-patient-outcomes-from-2001-to-2012
#5
Christopher M Holland, Marcus D Mazur, Erica F Bisson, Meic H Schmidt, Andrew T Dailey
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective database review OBJECTIVE.: To examine whether patient characteristics, distribution of care, and patient outcomes for spinal cord injury (SCI) in the United States have changed between 2001 and 2012. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although patient outcomes after cranial injury are better at high-volume centers with specialized, multidisciplinary teams, similar assessments have not been done for spinal injuries. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the National and Nationwide Inpatient Samples for the years 2001, 2002, 2011, and 2012 to identify patients with spinal fracture with or without SCI...
May 22, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536800/causes-and-preventive-measures-of-symptomatic-spinal-epidural-haematoma-after-spinal-surgery
#6
Xiao-Jun Zeng, Wei Wang, Zhou Zhao, Ming Li
STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective study to evaluate clinical characteristics of patients who developed symptomatic spinal epidural haematoma (SSEH) after spinal surgery. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine clinical parameters associated with the development of SSEH after spinal surgery, and to discuss clinical management and possible preventive measures. Although the incidence rate of SSEH is low, the neurological sequelae are devastating. There are limited reports which identify risk factors for SSEH because of the rarity of the condition...
May 24, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535546/cost-utility-analysis-of-lumbar-interlaminar-epidural-injections-in-the-treatment-of-lumbar-disc-herniation-central-spinal-stenosis-and-axial-or-discogenic-low-back-pain
#7
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Vidyasagar Pampati, Ramsin M Benyamin, Joshua A Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Cost utility or cost effective analysis continues to take center stage in the United States for defining and measuring the value of treatments in interventional pain management. Appropriate cost utility analysis has been performed for caudal epidural injections, percutaneous adhesiolysis, and spinal cord stimulation. However, the literature pertaining to lumbar interlaminar epidural injections is lacking, specifically in reference to cost utility analysis derived from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with a pragmatic approach in a practical setting...
May 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534496/definitions-of-traumatic-conus-medullaris-and-cauda-equina-syndrome-a-systematic-literature-review
#8
E Brouwers, H van de Meent, A Curt, B Starremans, A Hosman, R Bartels
STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review. OBJECTIVES: Conus medullaris syndrome (CMS) and cauda equina syndrome (CES) are well-known neurological entities. It is assumed that these syndromes are different regarding neurological and functional prognosis. However, literature concerning spinal trauma is ambiguous about the exact definition of the syndromes. METHODS: A MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane literature search was performed. We included original articles in which clinical descriptions of CMS and/or CES were mentioned in patients following trauma to the thoracolumbar spine...
May 23, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533943/etiology-and-treatment-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#9
Hernando Rafael, Juan Oscar David, Antonio Santiago Vilca
BACKGROUND: To date all researchers conclude that the etiology of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is not known. On the contrary, since August 2009, we believe that disease is of ischemic origin in the anterior surface of the medulla oblongata. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We present our surgical experience into 45 patients with ALS (bulbar form in 36 cases and spinal form in 9). Preoperative MRI scans revealed microinfarcts in the medulla oblongata and/or cervical cord...
2017: American Journal of Neurodegenerative Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532908/the-safety-and-efficiency-of-pvcr-without-anterior-support-applied-in-treatment-of-yang-s-a-type-severe-thoracic-kyphoscoliosis
#10
Wen-Yuan Sui, Zi-Fang Huang, Yao-Long Deng, Heng-Wei Fan, Jing-Fan Yang, Fo-Bao Li, Jun-Lin Yang
OBJECT: To assess the clinical and radiographic outcomes of posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR) without anterior support in treatment of Yang's A type severe rigid thoracic kyphoscoliosis. METHODS: The records of 27 Yang's A type severe thoracic kyphoscoliosis patients treated with PVCR without anterior support from January 2010 to September 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Intraoperative multimodal neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) (6 modes: Somatosensory evoked potential (SSEP), Motor evoked potential (MEP), Descending neurogenic evoked potential (DNEP), Spinal cord evoked potential (SCEP), and Electromyography, both triggered and free run EMG) was conducted in all patients...
May 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529681/imaging-spectrum-of-spinal-dysraphism-on-magnetic-resonance-a-pictorial-review
#11
REVIEW
Jyoti Kumar, Muhammed Afsal, Anju Garg
Congenital malformations of spine and spinal cord are collectively termed as spinal dysraphism. It includes a heterogeneous group of anomalies which result from faulty closure of midline structures during development. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is now considered the imaging modality of choice for diagnosing these conditions. The purpose of this article is to review the normal development of spinal cord and spine and reviewing the MRI features of spinal dysraphism. Although imaging of spinal dysraphism is complicated, a systematic approach and correlation between neuro-radiological, clinical and developmental data helps in making the correct diagnosis...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526323/-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-helps-in-unmasking-the-great-mimicker-a-case-of-neurosarcoidosis-with-isolated-involvement-of-the-spinal-cord
#12
A Gholamrezanezhad, L Mehta
A 36 year-old male with no significant past medical history presented with lower extremity numbness, gait instability, and urinary and bowel retention of 4 weeks onset. Spine MRI revealed diffuse oedema of cervicothoracic spinal cord with several solid enhancing intramedullary lesions, suggestive of metastases. The (18)F-FDG PET/CT performed to identify the primary malignancy demonstrated mild hypermetabolic foci within the cervicothoracic cord, as well as a mildly hypermetabolic bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy and a mildly hypermetabolic pulmonary nodule, suggestive of sarcoidosis versus metastasis...
May 16, 2017: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526192/comparison-of-spinal-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-sbrt-planning-techniques-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-modulated-arc-therapy-and-helical-tomotherapy
#13
Jina Kim, Hong Seok Jang, Yeon Sil Kim, Byung Ock Choi, Young-Nam Kang
Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) delivers a highly conformal, hypofractionated radiation dose to a small target with minimal radiation applied to the surrounding areas. Therefore, using the proper treatment planning techniques for SBRT is important. Intensity modulation techniques, such as static intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), modulated arc therapy (mARC), and helical tomotherapy (HT), are useful for spinal SBRT because of a rapid dose fall-off and spinal cord avoidance. This study compared the planning characteristics for hypofractionated spinal SBRT administered using 3 treatment techniques...
May 16, 2017: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524790/cognard-type-v-intracranial-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-presenting-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-rapid-progressive-myelopathy
#14
Walter J Jermakowicz, Alexander G Weil, Artyom Vlasenko, Sanjiv Bhatia, Toba N Niazi
Cognard Type V dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs) are a unique type of cranial vascular malformation characterized by congestion of the perimedullary venous system that may lead to devastating spinal cord pathology if left untreated. The authors present the first known case of a pediatric patient diagnosed with a Type V dAVF. A 14-year-old girl presented with a 3-week history of slowly progressive unilateral leg weakness that quickly progressed to bilateral leg paralysis, sphincter dysfunction, and complete sensory loss the day of her presentation...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517492/practical-considerations-of-linear-accelerator-based-frameless-extracranial-radiosurgery-for-treatment-of-occipital-neuralgia-for-nonsurgical-candidates
#15
Travis R Denton, Lisa B E Shields, Jonathan N Howe, Todd S Shanks, Aaron C Spalding
Occipital neuralgia generally responds to medical or invasive procedures. Repeated invasive procedures generate increasing complications and are often contraindicated. Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) has not been reported as a treatment option largely due to the extracranial nature of the target as opposed to the similar, more established trigeminal neuralgia. A dedicated phantom study was conducted to determine the optimum imaging studies, fusion matrices, and treatment planning parameters to target the C2 dorsal root ganglion which forms the occipital nerve...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512618/incomplete-isolated-c7-root-injury-caused-by-gunshot-wound-a-case-report
#16
Ulvi Çiftçi, Ahmet Tolgay Akıncı, Emre Delen, Doğan Güçlühan
Gunshot wounds to the spine cause severe neurological and/or internal organs damages. Although most of publications in the literature are realized on military injuries, increased civilian arming which raises civilian gunshot injuries is a new social danger causing serious health problems. In gunshot injuries to the spine; vertebral column, spinal cord and nerve roots are damaged with direct, indirect and transient cavitation related mechanisms. In this case report, we present 24 years old male patient who had severe pain and monoparesis in left upper extremity followed by gunshot injury to the spine with clinical, radiological and postoperative follow-up findings...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507888/spine-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-indications-outcomes-and-points-of-caution
#17
Chia-Lin Tseng, Wietse Eppinga, Raphaele Charest-Morin, Hany Soliman, Sten Myrehaug, Pejman Jabehdar Maralani, Mikki Campbell, Young K Lee, Charles Fisher, Michael G Fehlings, Eric L Chang, Simon S Lo, Arjun Sahgal
STUDY DESIGN: A broad narrative review. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this article is to provide a technical review of spine stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) planning and delivery, indications for treatment, outcomes, complications, and the challenges of response assessment. The surgical approach to spinal metastases is discussed with an overview of emerging minimally invasive techniques. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the literature was conducted on the techniques, outcomes, and developments in SBRT and surgery for spinal metastases...
April 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505029/treatment-options-for-failed-back-surgery-syndrome-fbss-patients-with-refractory-chronic-pain-an-evidence-based-approach
#18
Kasra Amirdelfan, Lynn Webster, Lawrence Poree, Vishad Sukul, Porter McRoberts
STUDY DESIGN: A significant number of lumbar post-surgical patients continue to suffer persistent pain and limited function and are termed to have "Failed back surgery syndrome" (FBSS). This review evaluates clinical trial data for the treatment of FBSS patients. OBJECTIVE: Using an evidence-based approach to evaluate FBSS treatments will assist clinicians in choosing the most effective options for FBSS patients. Furthermore, reducing the utilization of less effective therapies may result in substantial financial savings for this patient population...
April 12, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503467/medial-lemniscus-tract-lesion-after-high-voltage-electrical-injury-a-case-report
#19
Chul-Hyun Cho, Dong Gyu Lee
We present the case of a 33-year-old man who experienced a 10,000-V electrical shock when working with electrical wiring. He suffered third-degree burns on his scalp at the right occiput (entry wound) and on his left arm (exit would), and a second-degree burn on his left foot (exit wound). He presented with severe spasticity of both lower extremities, motor weakness with a Medical Research Council grade of 3, and sensory impairments below thoracic level 11 that included an inability to sense light touch and defects in proprioception...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503326/incomplete-paraplegia-caused-by-extramedullary-hematopoiesis-in-a-patient-with-thalassemia-intermedia
#20
Nurhasyimah Hisamud-Din, Nadia Mohd Mustafah, Aishah Ahmad Fauzi, Natiara Mohamad Hashim
INTRODUCTION: Extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH) is the production of blood cell precursors outside the bone marrow that occur in various hematological diseases. In patients with thalassemia intermedia, ineffective erythropoiesis drives compensatory EMH in the liver, pancreas, pleura, spleen, ribs and spine. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a patient with thalassemia intermedia who presented with acute neurological symptoms caused by paraspinal EMH, which responded well to combination therapy of steroid, hypertransfusion, laminectomy and excision of pseudotumor and hydroxyurea therapy to boost the formation of fetal haemoglobin...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
keyword
keyword
85565
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"